Rememberences of Map Contests Past


Phew, finally finished this monster! :)

The Federation of Leithania

The Austo-Hungarian Empire emerged battered, bruised and, in many people's eyes fatally wounded, from the Great War. Southern Tyrol, the Austrian Littoral and Dalmatia had been lost to Italy while Serbia had taken Bosnia and large areas of southern Hungary. Nevertheless, the empire had survived the war and under Emperor-King Charles I and IV and his successor Otto I somehow managed to weather the turbulence of the 1920s as the dual forces of ethnic nationalism and economic difficulties threatened to tear the country apart.

During the following decades successive attempts at reforms designed to keep Austria-Hungary together where implemented, such as the elevation of Croatia-Slavonia to a full Kingdom within the now Triple Monarchy, which did little to appease anyone except some Croatian politicians who now had more money and power to play with, and the recognition of Croatian, Czech, Polish, Rumanian, Ruthenian (now being written using a Polish-based Latin alphabet), Slovak and Slovene as co-official languages alongside German and Hungarian.

By the 1950s though it was clear that extensive reforms and modernisation of the country's political system was needed. It was out of these seemingly endless discussions, talks and committee meetings that the idea of sweeping away the old states with the boundaries based on medieval dynastic lines and replacing them with new approximately equal sized states based around economic and geographic communities and ties was born. The country would get a new name too - the Federation of Leithania - emphasising the unification of the old divisions of Cisleithania and Transleithania under a single, new cohesive system. The monarchy would be retained, but as an exclusively ceremonial position as a living symbol of national unity. Power would instead be shared between a new federal government based in Pressburg, chosen due to its central location and the 21 new state governments. Thus on 1 January 1956 the new nation of Leithania emerged.

The early years of the new country however seemed to bring little change with the economy struggling due to the uncertainty caused by the protracted constitution reforms and the global effects of the Franco-German and Pacific Wars. One major issue was that of language as although the country now had a plethora of official languages, there was little provision to ensure access to official services in the language of your choice or protection from discrimination on linguistic grounds. In order to address this problem, a second constitutional reform process was put in place in 1968, known as the Little Convention, which introduced a second type of federal unit - Language Communities. The country was divided into 9 Language Communities (LCs), plus a number of bilingual or multilingual areas, which would function separately from the states. The LCs would be responsible for ensuring that all speakers of their particular language, including those living outside their geographical area, would have access to justice, housing, healthcare, education and other state services in their native language and for enforcing anti-discrimination legislation.

The reforms were starting to show positive results by the 1980s with the number of inter-communal hate crimes and nationalist attacks falling dramatically across the country and nationalist political parties finding themselves increasingly irrelevant in a society more focused on social and moral issues such as abortion, legal recognition of same sex relationships and economic inequality. Fast new roads, known as Autoways were built to physically connect the country and more recently a network of high speed rail has been built with new lines planned to connect the southern states to the network.

: Charles VI waits longer to put Maria Theresa on the throne as his heir, leading to the survival of the Austrian Ostend Company.

Scenario: Without Charles VI's suspension of the Ostend Company, it continued to grow in massive amounts. In 1726, they were able to declare a 33 percent dividend, and by 1730 it grew to nearly 50 percent. The ports in Cabelon quickly expanded north, and more trade posts were founded until the small town grew into a full-fledged colony, much like French Puducheri. Austria greatly profited from the venture, and the Emperor was able to more peacefully push for an heir to be put on the throne. Austria was able to avoid internal conflict, and began to expand deeper into India. In the 1740's, the Ostend Company gained the blessing of the government, as long as the colonies founded could be supported directly by the Imperial Court. With that, the government continued to profit from the trade of goods, and began to silently push for expansion inland.

After the breakout of the Seven Years' War, the Austrians sided with the British, pushing out the advancing French from their settlements in India. At the end of the war, they were granted French Guadeloupe, Puducheri, and the rest of the French colonies on the eastern coast of India. The Ostend Company continued to flourish, and began to work even more closely with the federal government. However, it was still an independent entity, and still continued to keep part of the profit. With the British winning the war more successfully, they were able to get more out of India, and the Americas didn't rebel until the 1780's. When they did, only the southern part succeeded, forming the nationalistic Republic of Columbia. However, Austria took advantage of the Columbian revolution, buying out the British ports in Southern India in exchange for helping them out in the north (which they did, helping to topple New Jersey). In 1793, after the revolution was finally over, the port of Gadilam (named after the river it was on), commonly known as Frederickstadt, was founded in. It was a large city, meant to be the gateway between Austria and India. And, with Austria finally having secured most of British South India, the Ostend Company was ready to govern it as a true colony.

With focus shifting to the south, the Company sold off most of their possessions in Bengal to the hungry British, mostly to hold together their alliance. However, even if Bengal was gone, they continued to grow, buying out parts of the Spanish Philippines and British Borneo. For a brief period of time in the early 1800's, Austria owned Formosa, and held large ports on the coast of Japan. Quickly, though, all focus shifted to the tip of India, as it began to be milked for all it was worth. With the advent of railroads, new routes were built to the center of the subcontinent. The first major railway in Austrian India was built from Frederickstadt to the new settlement of Fort Patrick, passing through Salem and ending in Maisur. Speaking of Maisur, the Austro-Hungarian government was quite nice to the stronger Indians, allowing them (puppet) governments of their own! :rolleyes: But uhh, they weren't REALLY very nice, only allowing the kingdoms special privileges because they didn't have the ability to completely conquer them without outside help (which they didn't have). However, that didn't make them any less profitable, and Austria didn't need to fix what wasn't broken.

With Austria raking in the riches, they continued to attend to matters at home. In Central Europe, Austria was the main superpower, in union with Prussia, Venice, and Hungary. However, the union soon fell with Venice due to the expansion of Lombardy, but both Hungary and Prussia were strengthened. In the 1850's, an expansionist Austrian king attempted to unify Germany, and managed to create a series of client states known as the "German Federation". However, not all power could last, and the Imperial Era began to wane in Europe. Power passed from Austria and Britain to France and Russia. Prussia and the German Federation both broke away, even though they both chose to remain separate from one another. By 1870, it was just Austria and Hungary left, and even though their empire was still huge, they were at risk of becoming the "Sick Man of Europe". So, as a way to hold itself together, Austria agreed to acknowledge the Crown of St. Stephen as its equal, forming the Empire of Austria-Hungary. The newly-formed Austria-Hungary was becoming less and less strong (they weren't even as powerful as they were IOTL), and they agreed to dissolve the Ostend Company in 1888, putting their colonies under direct governmental rule. Hungary was given direct rule over around half of Austrian India, founding a few ports under Hungarian name. India began to grow more and more distant, and they were nearly ready to sell their colonies by the turn of the century. However, in 1901 war broke out, between the collapsing British Empire and the opportunistic (and newly-founded) Republic of France. Austria chose to join the side of the British, honoring their centuries-old alliance. However, halfway through the war their military began to falter, collapsing the government along with it. The Austro-Hungarian Empire fell apart, with the French and Russian government establishing puppet states in the wreckage.

After the end of the war, the Royal family debated on whether or not to sell their Indian colonies. After finding out that the Austro-Hungarian state wouldn't exist in the peace treaties, however, they chose to escape to the very same colonies they were about to sell. Thousands of Austrians and Hungarians came with them, and a new imperial government was established in the bustling city of Frederickstadt. Cities and towns on the coast were renamed by their German and Hungarian names, with the culture becoming less and less Indian. The French took all of British India, while Germany was meant to take the former Austrian colonies. However, after the Imperial government escaped with all of their sympathizers, they agreed to recognize the new nation, hoping that it would stave off revolution from Austria, at least for a little while longer. The new Osterreich, or "Uttarastraka", was finally alive! With the establishment of the new government, more railways were built, and the advent of the automobile provided for even better transport. The new Austria-Hungary was an odd amalgamation of European and Indian culture, as it tried to stay in the "First World" as much as possible. By 1922, the mystery still remains; will Austria-Hungary be swallowed up by the imposing French India, or will it survive to the present day? (Hint: it's the second one, but I just wanted some suspense in there)

One of the things that the Austrian and Hungarian governments did after their arrival was divide the country into three special types of segregated provinces: European Settler States, Indian Provinces (also called "Republics"), and Princely States. There was also one colonial government (Ceylon). The provinces are as follows:

European Settler States:
- Gewürz Küste (Austria)
- Madras (Austria)
- Nyugati (Hungary)
- Tinnevelli (Hungary)
- Ùj Debreceni (Hungary)

Indian Provinces/Republics:
- Chittur (Austria)
- Konubatur (Hungary)
- Nilgiri (Hungary)
- Paluai (Hungary)
- Ponnar (Austria)
- Trichinopoly (Hungary)
- Tripalur (Hungary)
- Tuttukudi (Hungary)

Princely States:
- Hundri (Austria)
- Kadapa (Austria)
- Madura (Hungary)

Bigger map:

Many suspected that Austria-Hungary, pushed to the edge in fighting the Entente to a stalemate alongside it's ally in Germany, would fail to continue on into the next decades. Within three years after the end of the First World War, Austria-Hungary had descended into a chaotic state. With Germany sidetracked by the newly restarted arms race with both France and Britain, and issues in their African colonies, only a few nations intervened - and none for the benefit of Austria-Hungary.

Poland first seized Galicia-Lodomeria, followed by the secession of Croatia and Bosnia to the nascent Yugoslavian nation. Romania took Bukovina, but was stopped at the Carpathians from seizing Transylvania. The heartlands of the Dual Monarchy still stood, albeit in a state of open revolt against the von Hapsburgs. Stability would only be found in 1925, when a single faction, supported heavily by the USSR, came to overthrow the von Hapsburgs.

The Danubian Commune was formed from the remaining lands of Austria-Hungary, and with it the ethnic and nationalistic values that drove the region began to decay. The proletariat found himself surrounded by the like-minded, regardless of the language that they spoke.