Disclaimer, this is the translation with corrections of a timeline in Italian language by Tommaso Mazzoni (my real name) you can see here:http://www.fmboschetto.it/Utopiaucronia/Polonia_Restituta.htm 1863 January 22: Polish-Lithuanian Independence war starts. April 7: Meeting in Rome between British Foreign Office Secretary John Russel and French one Edouard Drouyn de Lhuys; is decided to help polish-lithuanian insurgents, on anti-prussian and anti-russian ground. April 18: Meeting in Berlini beetween secretary Russel and chancellor Bismark; the latter gains assurance in of neutrality of England in regard of the future war with Denmark, and in exchange, he retires political endorsement to Russia. May 7: A French-English fleet crush the feeble russian baltic fleet, and lands in Lithuania, bringing relief to the insurgents. June 27: (Six month earlier then the OTL) The provisional governement license the land decree, which, promising land to the peasants who enroll in the army, boast the numbers of the Independet Polish-Lithuanian army, now commanded by Romuald Traugutt. September 30:Warsaw provisional governement declares reborn the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in personal union under the crown of Prince Wladyslaw Czartorisky,with the name ofi Wladyslaw V. Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is back. The new king names the Red Faction member Jaroslaw Dabrowsky as Premier, with the White faction member Antanas Mackevičius as deputy. October 20: Anglo-French-Polish-Lithuanian Army inflicts to the Russian the grievious defeat of Opatow. Zar Alexander II starts to understand he seriously risks to face yet another Crimea. 1864 April 4: General Mikahil Muravyov, nicknamed the Hangman, is defeated and killed in the Battle of Vilnius from the Polish-Lithuanian army commanded byl general Jozef Hauke-Bozak. August 5: Signed the Treary of London, which aknowledges independence for the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in the borders of Congress Poland, plus 1990 OTL Lithuania. Nationalist unsatisfaction not-withstanding,the day became national holyday of the new state. 1865 April 7: Licensed the new constitutution, which is monarchical, parliamentary, federal and liberal. May 7: First free elections in the Commonwealth, Commonwealth's Popular-Coservative Party lead by Traugutt wins in a coalition with the Liberal Party. Traugutt governement respects the rights of Catholic Church, which is even refunded of the loss it was subjected during Russia domination. It respects the pact with the peasants,and boast the armed forces, in light of a likely attempt of return by the Russian Empire. 1866 The young Polish governement sides with Prussia in the War against the Austrian Empire. In Leopolis (Polish Lwów,Lithuanian Lvovas, Ukainian Lviv), The Austrian army lead by Leopold Gondrecourt is defeated by Polish-Lituanian lead by Jozef Hauke-Bozak. Galicia is annexed to the Commonwealth, this is called the Second Independence War. 1870 New elections; the Commonwealth's Radical-Democratic Party lead by Jaroslaw Dabrowsky wins on the promise of social reforms; It begin industialization in Warsaw, Krakow and Vilnius. The alliance beetween the Second French Empire and England makes Bismark think twice beforeprovoking Paris to war; no Ems telegram, and no French-Prussian war. 1873 Second Holy Alliance between Prussia and her german allies, Austria-Hungary and theyr german allies and Russia. 1874 Anglo-Polish- Lithuanian Treaty, opposed to the Second Holy Alliance. 1876 Emperor of the French Napoleon III dies, he is succeeded by his son Napoleon Eugene, as Emperori Napoleon IV. 1880 After Sejim elections, majority shifts to Popular-Conservative Party; Alfred Józef Potocki, new Premier of the Coomonwealth, is oriented to a distensive policy with the central powers. Dies French Emperor Napoleon IV, he is succeded by his cousin Joseph Napoleon, Napoleon V. 1881 With the endorsement of Great Britain Poland-Lithuania is allowed to anticipate France in annexation of a small part of Guinea (OTL French Guinea). The colony is christened New Galicia, and it's capital is Wladyslawpol (H.L. Conakry) 1883 Congress of Berlin, confirmedo il Polish-Lithuanian possession of New Galicia. 1885 Potocky is confirmed as Premier.In the Commonwealth begins a season of economic growth and cultural renaissance. 1889 Sudden death of Polish-Lithuanian Premier Potocky,he is succeded by Internal Affairs Secretary Kazimierz Badeni. 1890 The Popular-Conservative Party wins the election again, Badeni is confirmed as Premier. 1891 The beloved French Emperor Napoleon V is died, he is succeded by his son Victore Napoleone, Napoleon VI. 1893 August, crown prince of the Commonwealth, dies with great pain for the King. 1894: Wladyslaw V, King of Polonia and Lithuania dies, he is succeeded by his second born son Adam Ludwik, enthroned with the name of Louis II. Continues.