Of all of the many dozens of vehicles used in the Second Weltkrieg, few were as feared as the BM-5.
BM-5 prototype in testing, 1945
The BM-5, (Вячеслав Молотов-5) was a heavy tank designed and built by Leningrad Tank Factory No. 291 in 1945. It's design was based on the experience and casualties earned over the previous years of war with the Reichspakt. Russian doctrine of "Deep Battle" suggested that there be a force of large and heavily armed and armored vehicles to provide a long ranged and heavy handed supporting role, solidifying the breakthrough of first-echelon fast moving vehicles. The BM-5 was exactly that, a heavily armored but still agile vehicle, with a high caliber artillery piece as it's primary armament.
Carrying a 130mm cannon and sporting well over 200 millimeters of frontal armor in some areas, the BM-5 was a fearsome tank to behold, and it was deployed to Poland in July of 1945, its baptism of fire coming in the Battle of Piotrków, where the 2nd Guards Tank army would surround the city of Piotrków, inflicting nearly one-hundred thousand casualties on the Germans, and capturing or destroying hundreds of Armored vehicles.
The BM-5 proved more than a match for the German Panzer 6 and 7 tanks, fearsomely known as the Tiger and Tiger II respectively. One BM-5,
Knocked out tank of the 'Panzer VII Tiger -II' model, Piotrków, August 1945
This new vehicle was proven to be successful, and therefore was approved for full production, and 250 were ordered for distribution by January 1, 1946. This goal was met, and more would come. By the August 1946 Treaty of Minsk, there would be over 1,000 BM-5s in service. in the 1950's and beyond, they became museum pieces or were sold to allies or scrapped. Its last user would be the Republic of Syria in the Syrian Civil War, as Self-Propelled-Guns.
The Royal Ulster Rifles landing in republican occupied Ireland one of the stranger occurrences of the second Weltkrieg is the British exiles use of northern Irish units during operation reclamation which led to some awkward moments with the Irish defense force guerrilla Forces operating in Ulster diplomatically the British exile still claim northern Ireland but it has been absorbed into the Irish republic since 1925 as autonomous region. during the unions invasion defense force was organized for a Conventional conflict but they quickly adapted to guerrilla warfare with the four brigades being overall command of columns similar to the formations used by the left KMT in china. The meat Up of the Northern Irish exiles and national Irish forces to be one of the stranger moments of the war
members of the Armagh column arresting a suspected collaborator during the guerrilla phase of the republican war for Ireland The majority of the defense force melted into countryside which they performed ambushes on Republican forces the Union of Britain on it's part establish the puppet socialist union of Ireland as a puppet state with the peoples defense force being Notional army. The people defense force was organized into four divisions each with the responsibility for a different province of Ireland being further subdivided into brigades. support for the Irish defense force was mainly via the Reichspakt naval forces operating in the North Sea . The defense force was controlled by Collins Council of state despite German efforts to have them move into exile he refused to leave the island itself as such the Irish government acted in the countryside against the union government with the Irish government being base in Mayo County versus the puppet government in Dublin
flag of the union of Ireland the puppet state established by the union of Britain it's government structure was modeled on the union itself with the federal Congress of Ireland being its main governing body with the Irish Trades Union Congress or ITUC being the lower chamber and the Councilist Assembly upper chamber and The executive government being the executive committee Led by chairman Peadar O'Donnell One of the Great irony of the puppet state was the fact that the majority of its members were made up of anti-treaty IRA members with the small Irish citizens army reforming the base for the peoples defense force. it's intelligence agency was the National intelligence committee was the fact of branch of the unions central intelligence committee. with the union Anglo Irish treaty being more restricted than the one then the one signed by
Collin's Government with Collin himself declare it to be a new lordship of Ireland in a mocking manner. with regards to the church after the initial invasion it didn't change much from the republic but as the war with Germany unfolded it increase begins to regard the church as a fifth column and begins to crackdown on congregations and such as well as using scandals to weaken church authority. what is the most the defining acts of the union government was to abolish the Ulster Privilege set up by Collin's Government which increased support for both of the exiles and Collin's Government which helped Collin and The British exiles to come to a compromise treaty on northern Ireland basically to a partial return of northern Ireland to Britain with some counties being to succeeded to the Republic after a referendum and The catholic privileges being established modeled on the previous Ulster Privileges
After the collapse of the German Empire and Mittleafrika, Tanzanian president Julius Nyerere through his Syndicalist ideology of Ujamaa* ('Familyhood' in Swahili), stabilized many parts of the former German colonial territory and successfully introduced a new brand of Syndicalism across Africa.
RSS members parading in Kolkata The constant clashes between the various paramilitaries in free India as well as the Lahore government prove to be a problem to both aministrations with the RSS being particularly known for its violent clashes with the Hindustan Republican Army with the army and police often having to intervene to stop the violence.The RSS is known to have ties with Aryan Veel Dar in Burma to counter it's rival HRA influence in Burma . RSS is known to be hostile to The KMT's military attaches to the Indian military referring to the National revolutionary army presence as the neelee sena or Blue army in contrast to there saffron and the HRA Red . RSS has advocated invasion and overthrow of U Ba Pe Government in Burma and turn Burma into a obedient state to India they also disapprove of the current INC's Government alignment with the international feeling that Syndicalism is antithetical to Hinduism they have also clash with Subhaschandra Bose’s Bengal volunteer corps as well as other paramilitary groups like the All India Trade Union Congress
Rally for Speech protesters gather in San Francisco
Police arrest an alleged ringleader of the Protests in Chicago
Chairman Sanders speaks to the Union Congress after police crack down on protests
US troops camp near Bloomington to intimidate Chairman Hall
The American Spring was a series of protests and riots which occurred in the Union of America from August 12th, 2016 to November 25th, 2017. The Spring, as its become known on the Internet, has its roots in the 80s. After Gus Hall was expelled from his Chairmanship in a military coup Bernie Sanders, an up and coming reformist from Vermont, was elected to take his place. The Union had long been stagnating since the opulence of the 1950s. Fearing total collapse as regional governors openly talked of dissolution, the military under General Jack Vessey stepped in on June 12th, 1983 to 'secure the Revolution'. When Vessey stepped down as Acting Chairman two months later and allowed for the Union Congress to elect a new leader there were few initial choices. Most hardliners had fled to the Commune of France or even the Russian Empire. The one prominent name left was Bernie Sanders. Hailing from the New England Regional Union Sanders spoke openly and defiantly against Hall and his authoritarian policies, carried on from his predecessor Browder. He preached the need for reform, both economic and political, if the Union was to survive. Hall denounced him as a traitor and had him arrested seven times, almost executing him once on public television before a riot stormed the prison and freed Sanders. Now in charge Sanders instituted his policies. 'Free Trade Zones' were opened in major cities along the East and West coast which allowed for limited capitalism, other left leaning parties were allowed to run in local (not national) elections and the Age of Emergency, a term coined for the ongoing 'State of Emergency' declared by Browder in 1943, was finally declared to be over. However, over the next four decades Sanders allowed for the Union to begin to backslide back into authoritarianism. Hardliners wrested control of the government from the Chairman in a palace coup in 2011 and began to gradually roll back his Opening Up reform program.
The American Spring changed all that. Government offices were burned, millions filled the streets in every major city across the country, the police in some areas defected to the protesters and it seemed to the Cabinet, the informal term for the group of Hardliners which had been running the country, that civil war was again coming. Even after the infamous Central Park Massacre it only seemed that the protests had gotten stronger. It was at this time Sanders, who had been a puppet for nearly four decades, made his move. He marched out of his office on December 13th, 2016 and up to a column of marching protesters. For a moment all was quiet as nobody was quite sure what was going to happen. Then, he joined them. With the Chairman at their head the protesters marched on the Union Congress and forced them to declare the Cabinet to be traitors to the Revolution. The Cabinet ordered the Chicago Garrison to occupy the city and put down the 'Counter-revolution' but the order was countermanded by the garrison commander Mark Miley. With no other options the Cabinet fled the country to France where they continue to run a 'government in exile'. Sanders meanwhile has reasserted total control over the country. The Congress, who had been his primary roadblock early in his rule and supported the Cabinet until the crowd beat their door in, is unable or unwilling to oppose him.
Since the Spring Chairman Sanders had expanded his Opening Up reforms. The Regional Unions were broken up into roughly their previous state borders, the Congress was reshuffled with many representatives who were vocal Cabinet supporters being arrested or exiled and the American economy has begun to see its fastest growth since the 1950s. However, there are still many problems facing Sanders. Having ridden the popular will back to power, he is now beholden to it. This was made especially clear when an attempt by Sanders to cut parts of the National Healthcare Plan was stopped when crowds again filled the street and threatened to again fill Congress. This means the increasingly bloated budget, which threatens to crush the country under its piling debt, is unable to be cut. At the same time the Military is still wary of Sanders. While they do support reforms, any major shifts back to the government of old will only bring them back into the streets. Whatever happens next, Sanders has few good options left.
Spanish caricature of Alejandro Lerroux, by Tovar, in El Imparcial. Lerroux became a pro-allied politician of the country, who wanted to join Spain in the war.
After the Weltkrieg, he oposed the Rivera's coup in 1923.