Photos from Featherston's Confederacy/ TL-191

Anything about (before, during and after) Cardinal Ratzinger automatically gets my attention. But I'm not familiar with the background as to his fate in TL-191.

A pro-Polish German mercenary?

A bit jarring, but it is a general positive portrayal, I guess.
Mercenary? Where did you get that idea?
 
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Governor Coolidge calling President elect Blackford to concede after a narrow victory in 1928 He would later return to national politics in 1932
 
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Simulated Confederate soldiers harassing a newspaper carrier during If Day, Winnipeg, Manitoba, ca. early 1942.

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Occupation authorities being arrested and taken to an internment camp.

If Day, or If One Day, was a simulated event in American-occupied Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba, to simulate a Confederate invasion and occupation of Canada. The event was created to convince Canadians, who had negative feelings towards the CSA, not to rebel and to show that the Confederacy would not care what would happen to Canadians. This event occurred months before Mary McGregor Pomeroy was executed and the start of the 1940s Canadian rebellion.
 
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Picture of Confederate banknotes awaiting distribution at a bank during the hyperinflation period in the CSA, ca. early 1921.

Following the Great War, hyperinflation occurred in the CSA. To try and help make reparations payments, the Confederacy took out various loans during the late 1910s to 1923, following the cancellation of war reparations. The Confederate economy improved into the mid-1920s, but the CSA continued these loans into the Great Depression. During Featherston's first 100 days in office, the loans were canceled.

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Picture of the Houston Agreement on Confederate External Debts, February 27, 1955.

The Houston Agreement on Confederate External Debts had allowed Texas to rejoin the United States and regain western Texas, under the name Houston (albeit Houston will rejoin in a referendum during the 1956 election); however, Texas will have to repay 50 percent of the loan amounts that had been defaulted on in the 1920s. On October 3, 2010, as one of the last actions of Texas Governor Bill White, a final installment of US$94 million was made, settling Confederate loan debts regarding reparations.
 
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Picture of Confederate banknotes awaiting distribution at a bank during the hyperinflation period in the CSA, ca. early 1921.

Following the Great War, hyperinflation occurred in the CSA. To try and help make reparations payments, the Confederacy took out various loans during the late 1910s to 1923, following the cancellation of war reparations. The Confederate economy improved into the mid-1920s, but the CSA continued these loans into the Great Depression. During Featherston's first 100 days in office, the loans were canceled.

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Picture of the Houston Agreement on Confederate External Debts, February 27, 1955.

The Houston Agreement on Confederate External Debts had allowed Texas to rejoin the United States and regain western Texas, under the name Houston (albeit Houston will rejoin in a referendum during the 1956 election); however, Texas will have to repay 50 percent of the loan amounts that had been defaulted on in the 1920s. On October 3, 2010, as one of the last actions of Texas Governor Bill White, a final installment of US$94 million was made, settling Confederate loan debts regarding reparations.
Is this inspired by the loan made to Britain after WWII in OTL?
 
Estonian-forest-brothers-image-restored-by-Eerik-Niiles-Kross-I.jpg

Confederate Remnants laying an ambush position against a US patrol, c, 1947

The Remnants Conflict was a guerilla war fought between the Confederate Remnants and United States forces between 1944 and 1953. The Remnants were an assortment of Confederate army regulars, former Freedom Party officials, and militia members who refused to recognize the Confederate Instrument of Surrender and continued to fight against the United States with the goal of re-establishing the Confederacy.

The Remnants operated from remote areas such as Louisiana swamps, the Ozarks, and the Appalachian Mountains, and hoped to use these "redoubts" and "liberated areas" as a jumping off point to recapture the entire South. With some support from the rural White population, the Remnants were able to establish intelligence networks as well as supply lines for food and arms, which sustained them throughout the conflict. However, they were notorious for their tactics of terror, especially against Black Southerners and white "collaborators." In areas under Remnant control, Black Southerners were often discriminated against and massacred in ways reminiscent of Featherston's Confederacy.

There have been some allegations that the Remnants were given support by Japan, Argentina, South Africa, and perhaps even Germany, but this has not been definetely proven. The allegations of German support especially seem dubious as Teuton-American relations were just starting to break down during this time period. It would not be until the 60s that German arms flooded into Southenr groups.

smartcrop

Bicycles were often used by Remnant forces for recon as well as hit and run attacks.

The United States was eventually able to defeat the Remnants by seperating the fighters from their sources of material and popular support. Hundreds of thousands of rural Southerners were herded into "Containment Towns" so that they would be under the watchful eye of US soldiers and not be able to support the Remnants. The conflict also began the use of Special Operations soldiers specially recruited from units that had served in Utah and Canada. These soldiers conducted sweeps of rural territory to destroy Remnant hideouts as well as and burn farms and cropland that were essential for enemy food supplies. Jet aircraft also began to be used in the latter part of the conflict to destroy Remnant positions, and helicopters were introduced to quickly carry troops in and out of the conflict zone. Former Black rebels were also a key fighting force against the Remnants, working with US forces to conduct intelligence and counter-insurgency operations and using their knowledge of Southern terrain to their advantage. By 1953 most Remnant forces had been destroyed, and large scale insurgency in the South would not occur until the early 1960s.

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US troops advance to destroy Remnant positions in Mississippi

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A 1950s Sikorsky Aircraft ad that proudy boasts of the importance of Sikorsky helicopters in aiding US Marines during the Remnant Conflict.




KAR_Mau_Mau.jpg

Former Red Rebels on patrol against the Remnants

In the CSA today, the Remnants have been whitewashed and are seen as "freedom fighers", with many Southerners ignoring their crimes against the Afro-Southern population. Many Southern historians and nationalist figures have gone to great lengths to seperate the Remnants and Freedomite ideology, which has worked in the South and in some nations sympathetic to the Confederacy, though in the wider international historiography this effort has been met with derision.
 
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Wikibox of the 1961 Southern Riots
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Wikipedia general information description:

The 1961 Southern Riots, otherwise called the 100th anniversary of Haterd, was a series of anti-federal and anti-civil rights riots in the former CSA, starting on the 100th anniversary of the creation of the CSA. Across the southern region, attacks and protests against the Federal Government called to "end Yankee rule over our homeland." Neo-Freddomite groups also used these events to lynch various blacks in the region. States that had already been re-admitted into the Union were put under Marshall Law, and Neo-Confederate riots were easily pacified. Meanwhile, in the Deep South and Sequoyah, resistance was more fierce. On July 14, the 17th anniversary of the end of the Second Great War, President of the United States Hubert Humphrey declared that the riots had been crushed following a shootout with a neo-Freedomite leader in Birmingham. Historians considered this the last major rebellion in the former CSA following the end of the Second Great War, as Neo-Confederate groups, both moderate and extremist, had gone dormant, and, as of 2023, no major escalations of Neo-Confederate groups had taken place.
The effects of the 1961 riots had also seen a delay for the former Confederate States to be re-admitted into the Union. Members of the Democratic Party criticized the handling of the crisis and argued to continue the occupation of the CSA indefinitely to ensure future rebellions would not occur. Because of this, in the 1962 elections, the Socialists narrowly held the House, while the Democrats flipped the Senate. However, the Socialists won the 1964 election due to the public viewing Humphrey favorably following the riots. Public opinion on the continuation of the occupation of the South would change in 1968, following Humphrey's assassination in Georgia.
 
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Estonian-forest-brothers-image-restored-by-Eerik-Niiles-Kross-I.jpg

Confederate Remnants laying an ambush position against a US patrol, c, 1947

The Remnants Conflict was a guerilla war fought between the Confederate Remnants and United States forces between 1944 and 1953. The Remnants were an assortment of Confederate army regulars, former Freedom Party officials, and militia members who refused to recognize the Confederate Instrument of Surrender and continued to fight against the United States with the goal of re-establishing the Confederacy.

The Remnants operated from remote areas such as Louisiana swamps, the Ozarks, and the Appalachian Mountains, and hoped to use these "redoubts" and "liberated areas" as a jumping off point to recapture the entire South. With some support from the rural White population, the Remnants were able to establish intelligence networks as well as supply lines for food and arms, which sustained them throughout the conflict. However, they were notorious for their tactics of terror, especially against Black Southerners and white "collaborators." In areas under Remnant control, Black Southerners were often discriminated against and massacred in ways reminiscent of Featherston's Confederacy.

There have been some allegations that the Remnants were given support by Japan, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa, and perhaps even Germany, but this has not been definetely proven. The allegations of German support especially seem dubious as Teuton-American relations were just starting to break down during this time period. It would not be until the 60s that German arms flooded into Southenr groups.

smartcrop

Bicycles were often used by Remnant forces for recon as well as hit and run attacks.

The United States was eventually able to defeat the Remnants by seperating the fighters from their sources of material and popular support. Hundreds of thousands of rural Southerners were herded into "Containment Towns" so that they would be under the watchful eye of US soldiers and not be able to support the Remnants. The conflict also began the use of Special Operations soldiers specially recruited from units that had served in Utah and Canada. These soldiers conducted sweeps of rural territory to destroy Remnant hideouts as well as and burn farms and cropland that were essential for enemy food supplies. Jet aircraft also began to be used in the latter part of the conflict to destroy Remnant positions, and helicopters were introduced to quickly carry troops in and out of the conflict zone. Former Black rebels were also a key fighting force against the Remnants, working with US forces to conduct intelligence and counter-insurgency operations and using their knowledge of Southern terrain to their advantage. By 1953 most Remnant forces had been destroyed, and large scale insurgency in the South would not occur until the early 1960s.

7a6169009a35b7ad31dac14093934f02.jpg

US troops advance to destroy Remnant positions in Mississippi

View attachment 867238
A 1950s Sikorsky Aircraft ad that proudy boasts of the importance of Sikorsky helicopters in aiding US Marines during the Remnant Conflict.




KAR_Mau_Mau.jpg

Former Red Rebels on patrol against the Remnants

In the CSA today, the Remnants have been whitewashed and are seen as "freedom fighers", with many Southerners ignoring their crimes against the Afro-Southern population. Many Southern historians and nationalist figures have gone to great lengths to seperate the Remnants and Freedomite ideology, which has worked in the South and in some nations sympathetic to the Confederacy, though in the wider international historiography this effort has been met with derision.

Intresting but why Brazil would support Southerners? Weren't USA and Brazil in good terms? And I can't see Argentina being intrested and probably it too would want cordial relations with USA.

And I have difficult to see Germans going against their former ally with that way. Even if their relationships would cool down, it hardly would go that badly. But otherwise pretty likely scenario.
 
Intresting but why Brazil would support Southerners? Weren't USA and Brazil in good terms? And I can't see Argentina being intrested and probably it too would want cordial relations with USA.

And I have difficult to see Germans going against their former ally with that way. Even if their relationships would cool down, it hardly would go that badly. But otherwise pretty likely scenario.
I'm still thinking about the post-war scenario, but here's what I've brainstormed so far as to why German and relations with the US become so bad:

- American German relations are initially good during most of the Dewey Administration, both work to impliment the Dewey Doctrine and both are suspicious of Japan

- However, around the 1950s we see the revival of Weltpolitik in Germany, as German leaders want to expand their influence into Asia and Latin America in search for new markets and prestige. Americans also wish to gain influence in these same areas.

- 1950s also sees a renewed war between Argentina and Chile, with Americans supplying Chile while Germans do so with Argentina (honestly I might switch this up to make it interesting). Both hope to gain valuable resources in the Atacama region.

- 1956 sees socialists elected to the Blair House. Although they run on an anti-colonialist platform they also try to maintain the German alliance. Germany, however, still remains suspicious.

- In the late 50s. the Czar is overthrown in an officer's coup in Russia, and the country turns socialist. Alarm bells ring in Berlin about potential socialist revolution across Europe. The warm relations that develop between Russia and USA only deepens distrust with Germany

- The Isle of Man Dispute: In the last days of GW2 the Irish took control of the Isle of Man in order to serve as a forward post against future British Aggression. However, the British recognize the island as their own, and shell the island several times throughout the 50s. The Americans and Germans take seperate sides in this conflict.

- Domestic opinion of Germany also takes a nosedive in the US. Many are horrified over the German Congo, and the key voting demographics of Irish Americans and Italian Americans are incensed over the Isle of Man dispute and Austrian-Italian border clashes respectively. In Germany, the public is outraged over the US treatment of Mormons and Southerners.

- Deep economic links develop between the US and Germany, but there are also several trade spats between them, especially over manufactured goods and steel.

- By the 60s, the Dewey Doctrine is effectively dead. Germans accuse the US of helping Liberia and Russia create nuclear programs, while the US accuses Germany of doing the same with South Africa and Argentina. When Japan and Italy are both able to create a nuclear bomb, both sides blame each other for the Dewey Doctrine's failure.

- With an uprising in France in the 1960s which contains many socialist elements, as well as Red terror attacks across the Continent, Germany asks the US to stop arms shipments to Russia. The US refuses. This is one of the last straws that breaks the alliance.

- German weapons are found in the hands of Southern insurgents, which is also one of thr last straws.

I'll probably take out the part about Brazil though. On second thought there'a very little reason for them to support the South.

And for Argentina, since the US shipped arms and advisors to Chile during the conflict in the 50s, the Argentines see shipping arms to the South as a sort of revenge.
 
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Public opinion on the continuation of the occupation of the South would change in 1968, following Humphrey's assassination in Georgia.
Addition to this.

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Picture of anti-occupation protests in Washington DC, 1969.

In 1967, following the assassination of President Hubert Humphrey, when Georgia was re-admitted into the Union, Vice President Eugene McCarthy put in measures to deploy troops into the former CSA, even in states that had been re-admitted into the Union. This decision was highly controversial, even for McCarthy's Party, so McCarthy chose not to run in the 1968 election. The Democrats, with California Senator Richard Nixon as their candidate, campaigned to continue the occupation of the South, albeit loosen troops in states re-admitted into the Union. The election was close, and it only came down to the Southern States, who, ironically, supported the continuation of the occupation.

Throughout Nixon's Presidency, the occupation continued. However, by 1972, the public started to get tired of the occupation, as there hadn't been any major escalations since 1961. Combined with inflation hitting the nation hard, Nixon was voted out of office by Joshua Blackford. Throughout Blackford's Presidency, the former CSA was fully re-admitted into the Union, and troop presence declined in the region. On July 4, 1976, South Carolina was re-admitted into the Union, months before Blackford was re-elected, bringing the occupation and reconstruction of the former CSA to an end.
 
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I'm still thinking about the post-war scenario, but here's what I've brainstormed so far as to why German and relations with the US become so bad:

- American German relations are initially good during most of the Dewey Administration, both work to impliment the Dewey Doctrine and both are suspicious of Japan

- However, around the 1950s we see the revival of Weltpolitik in Germany, as German leaders want to expand their influence into Asia and Latin America in search for new markets and prestige. Americans also wish to gain influence in these same areas.

- 1950s also sees a renewed war between Argentina and Chile, with Americans supplying Chile while Germans do so with Argentina (honestly I might switch this up to make it interesting). Both hope to gain valuable resources in the Atacama region.

- 1956 sees socialists elected to the Blair House. Although they run on an anti-colonialist platform they also try to maintain the German alliance. Germany, however, still remains suspicious.

- In the late 50s. the Czar is overthrown in an officer's coup in Russia, and the country turns socialist. Alarm bells ring in Berlin about potential socialist revolution across Europe. The warm relations that develop between Russia and USA only deepens distrust with Germany

- The Isle of Man Dispute: In the last days of GW2 the Irish took control of the Isle of Man in order to serve as a forward post against future British Aggression. However, the British recognize the island as their own, and shell the island several times throughout the 50s. The Americans and Germans take seperate sides in this conflict.

- Domestic opinion of Germany also takes a nosedive in the US. Many are horrified over the German Congo, and the key voting demographics of Irish Americans and Italian Americans are incensed over the Isle of Man dispute and Austrian-Italian border clashes respectively. In Germany, the public is outraged over the US treatment of Mormons and Southerners.

- Deep economic links develop between the US and Germany, but there are also several trade spats between them, especially over manufactured goods and steel.

- By the 60s, the Dewey Doctrine is effectively dead. Germans accuse the US of helping Liberia and Russia create nuclear programs, while the US accuses Germany of doing the same with South Africa and Argentina. When Japan and Italy are both able to create a nuclear bomb, both sides blame each other for the Dewey Doctrine's failure.

- With an uprising in France in the 1960s which contains many socialist elements, as well as Red terror attacks across the Continent, Germany asks the US to stop arms shipments to Russia. The US refuses. This is one of the last straws that breaks the alliance.

- German weapons are found in the hands of Southern insurgents, which is also one of thr last straws.

I'll probably take out the part about Brazil though. On second thought there'a very little reason for them to support the South.

And for Argentina, since the US shipped arms and advisors to Chile during the conflict in the 50s, the Argentines see shipping arms to the South as a sort of revenge.
what exactly is the Dewey doctrine?
 
News article covering Michael Jackson's Bad tour which started in Tokyo Japan in 1988.

(This wasn't edited btw, this really was a newspaper headline otl in 1988)
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Australian Patrol in the Jungles of West Papua during the 4th Pacific War, 1968.

The Invasion of West Papua was the first part of Operation Elephant against the Co-prosperity sphere during the Fourth Pacific War. The Invasion was to secure Australia from any future attacks from Japan and it's puppet states or worse using their chemical weapons on the Australian homeland.
(Yep, taking a page from After the End for this)
 
Estonian-forest-brothers-image-restored-by-Eerik-Niiles-Kross-I.jpg

Confederate Remnants laying an ambush position against a US patrol, c, 1947

The Remnants Conflict was a guerilla war fought between the Confederate Remnants and United States forces between 1944 and 1953. The Remnants were an assortment of Confederate army regulars, former Freedom Party officials, and militia members who refused to recognize the Confederate Instrument of Surrender and continued to fight against the United States with the goal of re-establishing the Confederacy.

The Remnants operated from remote areas such as Louisiana swamps, the Ozarks, and the Appalachian Mountains, and hoped to use these "redoubts" and "liberated areas" as a jumping off point to recapture the entire South. With some support from the rural White population, the Remnants were able to establish intelligence networks as well as supply lines for food and arms, which sustained them throughout the conflict. However, they were notorious for their tactics of terror, especially against Black Southerners and white "collaborators." In areas under Remnant control, Black Southerners were often discriminated against and massacred in ways reminiscent of Featherston's Confederacy.

There have been some allegations that the Remnants were given support by Japan, Argentina, South Africa, and perhaps even Germany, but this has not been definetely proven. The allegations of German support especially seem dubious as Teuton-American relations were just starting to break down during this time period. It would not be until the 60s that German arms flooded into Southenr groups.

smartcrop

Bicycles were often used by Remnant forces for recon as well as hit and run attacks.

The United States was eventually able to defeat the Remnants by seperating the fighters from their sources of material and popular support. Hundreds of thousands of rural Southerners were herded into "Containment Towns" so that they would be under the watchful eye of US soldiers and not be able to support the Remnants. The conflict also began the use of Special Operations soldiers specially recruited from units that had served in Utah and Canada. These soldiers conducted sweeps of rural territory to destroy Remnant hideouts as well as and burn farms and cropland that were essential for enemy food supplies. Jet aircraft also began to be used in the latter part of the conflict to destroy Remnant positions, and helicopters were introduced to quickly carry troops in and out of the conflict zone. Former Black rebels were also a key fighting force against the Remnants, working with US forces to conduct intelligence and counter-insurgency operations and using their knowledge of Southern terrain to their advantage. By 1953 most Remnant forces had been destroyed, and large scale insurgency in the South would not occur until the early 1960s.

7a6169009a35b7ad31dac14093934f02.jpg

US troops advance to destroy Remnant positions in Mississippi

View attachment 867238
A 1950s Sikorsky Aircraft ad that proudy boasts of the importance of Sikorsky helicopters in aiding US Marines during the Remnant Conflict.




KAR_Mau_Mau.jpg

Former Red Rebels on patrol against the Remnants

In the CSA today, the Remnants have been whitewashed and are seen as "freedom fighers", with many Southerners ignoring their crimes against the Afro-Southern population. Many Southern historians and nationalist figures have gone to great lengths to seperate the Remnants and Freedomite ideology, which has worked in the South and in some nations sympathetic to the Confederacy, though in the wider international historiography this effort has been met with derision.
Is it the equivalent to the Japanese Holdouts like if i can imagine they had a Confederate version of Lt Hiroo Onoda.
 
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