Photos from Featherston's Confederacy/ TL-191

In relation to Judaism, there wouldn't be a State of Israel and the Hebrew language wouldn't have as strong of a revival compared to OTL.
Anti-semitism would still be a problem and eventually frowned upon in civilized society, but it wouldn't have the same amount of stigma as it did in OTL.

I'd like to imagine that Islam in TL-191 is never radicalized as much, if at all.
Well, with the Ottoman Empire still extant as of 1944, the circumstances that allowed for the modern middle eastern turmoil (the slapdash borders drawn by the Allies in the Sikes-Picquot agreement, for example) don't occur. I imagine the Middle East is still uproarious, given the Arab revolt, but I would imagine it's contained.
In relation to Judaism, there wouldn't be a State of Israel and the Hebrew language wouldn't have as strong of a revival compared to OTL.
Anti-semitism would still be a problem and eventually frowned upon in civilized society, but it wouldn't have the same amount of stigma as it did in OTL.

I'd like to imagine that Islam in TL-191 is never radicalized as much, if at all.
Very true. There wouldn't be Israel and Hebrew would be mostly just liturgical language. Antisemitism would be slightly more common but probably due Afro-American genocide any genocidal regime would be really disgusted.

Islam would be pretty moderate due much weaker if even non-existent Wahhabism and there is not European colonialism in Middle East nor Israel. And Ottoman would control most of ME. Iran too probably would remain under Pahlavi dynasty.
Welcome to the forum!

It's nice to see some attention be given to South America in TL-191. Usually, it doesn't happen and there are some unexplored questions about how a Confederate victory in the Civil War would have affected the continent's diplomatic relations with the rest of the world, compared to OTL.
Yes, I noticed it doesn't get dealt with much by the books or even in this forum. What I find interesting (although I've decided not to adopt it for this series of posts) is the idea that the Paraguayan War in 1864-70 might not have happened. The continued existence of the Empire of Brazil and the fact that Paraguay can have an independent foreign policy to the extent of declaring war in 1915, would seem to indicate that there wasn't one. If you take the view of the left-wing historians that the war was primarily caused by the shortage of cotton from the American south, that would also be reasonable. As for the actual way the war ends, I tend to disagree with the use of the map showing Chile taking Rio Gallegos on the basis that they probably wouldn't even if they could. That would run contraty to the Chilean postion on renouncing any claims to the Atlantic, and the area is not economically any good, as well as indefensible since it is mostly a desertic tundra. Chile would most likely limit itself to annexing any of the disputed areas in the Andes like Laguna del Desierto and Punta de Atacama, and the mountain passes, similar to what Austria Hungary did with Romania in 1918. The reason for this being that they would not be strong enough to hold it, and Chilean foreign policy generally relied on obtaining the most defensible borders, since they still have to consider Bolivia and Peru. I don't think they would be allowed to annex the Falklands even if they wanted to after the first war, since the British did not collapse and it is mentioned that they heavily protected by Britain and Argentina.

The border with Brazil after the Great War is more difficult to predict, but I would take it that Brazil would limit itself to Misiones, as corrientes has no natural boundary to the South, and generally had not been disputed territory, while Misiones had a large Paraguayan population and, as a territory, had not been integrated into Argentina.

I would think the reason the war goes on after 1917 is simply that not much fighthing had occured and thus there was no need for the Entente forces there to give up, or that similar to Turkey, the nation would be unwilling to accept such a large territorial loss, and thus you would have a situation in which a treaty like Sveres is rejected and a milder one agreed after the longer war.

So I think most realistically the map on the right is probably a better representation of the land the Central Powers would take, akin to Greece after Lausanne.

2. The Empire Strikes First

As Irving Morrell’s barrels drove into Nashville, the Empire of Brazil decided that it would rather have a few thousand dead than to be excluded from the peace table.

The years had not been kind to the Empire since the abolition of Slavery in 1892, and although a Republican coup was averted, subsequent years saw numerous risings by the army and navy. With Emperor Pedro II dead, there was no real competent authority in the Empire, which fell into financial mismanagement and political instability. Attempts to reconstruct the navy in 1910 with the acquisition of two British dreadnoughts ended in humiliation when the semi-enslaved black crewmen seized the battleships in the Revolt of the Lash, and the navy was essentially disarmed by the outbreak of war in 1914. Consequently, Pedro III kept the country out of the war, expecting an Entente victory.


Pedro III (IV?) Of Brazil

Things changed dramatically when it was realized that, with the Confederacy on the ropes and the US Navy the largest force in the Atlantic, Brazil had become the only obstacle to the starvation of Great Britain. Fearing that it would be too late to join the fight, Pedro III overruled his prime minister, and ordered general mobilization and a declaration of war against Argentina by a time no later than May 25th, 1917. The Empire’s army was faced with one large problem; Its complete lack of procedures for mobilizing. Having no conscription, levies were raised from local militias, police forces, and blacks pressed into service from their rural latifundios and burgeoning urban shantytowns. On paper, Brazil had 190,000 troops ready to strike at Corrientes, although the reality was that there were no more than 60,000 in the entire army by the time hostilities began, five days behind schedule.

Although little work had been done improving the material condition of the Imperial Army from 1914 to 1917, this turned out to be in Brazil’s favor. Argentinian intelligence had noted the drive to mobilize Southern Brazil, and GHQ at Buenos Aires had acted accordingly, mobilizing 8,000 men from the still unused reserves. However, it was expected that Brazil would not be ready to enter the war until 1918, and likely attempt to outflank the better-equipped Argentines by invading Uruguay. The actual attack in early June, South American winter, over torturous terrain in the Misiones Jungle and Corriente's savannah came as a surprise to all.


Even The Second Line Argentine Units Were Equipped With Winter Uniforms, The Cordoba Cavalry At Pellegrini, 1917
There were little over 9,000 Argentine troops on Corrientes between Army and second-tier National Guard units, and a further 3,000 garrisoning western Paraguay, alongside 2,500 third-rate troops from the Paraguayan collaborationist government in Asuncion. The width of the attack took the badly positioned troops by surprise, as Imperial troops poured over every serviceable road in the frontier, which Wharton’s report to Richimond described as, “The same thing the Yanks did in 81’.” When Argentine troops did exist to meet the advance, it was rapidly halted. On the second day of the invasion, 12,000 Imperial infantry from the Dom Pedro division ran into the prepared trenches of the 3,000-strong 8th Corrientes National Guard Brigade at Isoqui. Lacking experience, the Brazilian colored regiments were ordered straight onto the Argentine positions, decimating the 1st Division, which lost 1,805 men that day alone, to 102 Argentines. This, however, was not enough.

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Corrientes National Guard Trops During The Battle Of Isoqui
A Brazilian brigade south the 8th National Guard crossed the border unopposed in an area that was assigned to a division which had only recently been formed, and was still mustering in Buenos Aires. Cutting of the railway to Isoqui, and all of Corrientes northeast of Curzu Cuatia, the entire Argentine defense scheme was made virtually useless. The 8th and 12th Brigades of the National Guard, along the 3rd Regular Brigade, both had to withdraw rapidly to avoid being cut off completely, and to save the City of Corrientes from capture.


Corrientes National Guard Troops Withdrawing To Saladas, 1917

The “long march” from the border to what would eventually become known as the “Justo Line” was not, as it would later be propagandized, a terribly difficult or epic affair. Argentine units were composed mainly of light infantry and following standard doctrine, had already developed ways to haul their heavier equipment when serving in Mendoza. Furthermore, the disastrously disorganized Brazilian advance, made without maps or an understanding of the terrain, was slow enough that all Argentine units were able to withdraw. The only significant battle of this period, the Cavalry charge at Pellegrini, in which the 3rd Brazilian cavalry regiment was repulsed by the 6th Cordoba Dragoons. Brazilian casualties were primarily a consequence of the wet terrain and cold weather, alongside constant rains, for which the Brazilian units were extremely ill-prepared.


Argentine Troops Inspecting The Advance Of Imperial Columns In Paraguay, June 1917
A more successful avenue of advance for Brazil was Paraguay, the population of which was ripe for revolt upon hearing news of Brazilian advances through Mato Grosso and Misiones. The main Argentine force in the entire area was the third infantry division, which was spread out occupying Paraguay itself. Early on, panic had gripped the Headquarters of the Army of the Plate at Corrientes, and general Angel Allaria made a rash decision to abandon Paraguay and redeploy the 3rd Division to protect his own command against a Brazilian advanced thought to be far more dangerous than it was. The collaborationist government was toppled almost immediately, and Ferreira was executed by a revolutionary committee after he declined to escape with Argentine forces. Brazilian plans for using Paraguay as a springboard to invade Formosa were dashed, however, when the local revolutionaries attempted to resist their occupation of Paraguay at the battle of San Bernardino. Although the Brazilians made short work of the revolutionary army and marched in Asuncion, they would have to spend most of their available forces garrisoning the country against two simultaneous marxist and nationalist insurgencies which would last until the 1930s.


National Guard Artillery At Saladas, 1917
Brazilian advances on Corrientes came to a screeching halt on August 10th, with the Battle Of Saladas. The town of Saladas was a strategic railroad junction, which the withdrawing troops of the 12th Corrientes National Guard had occupied five days earlier. By this time, the first reinforcements from Buenos Aires arrived, including the experienced 10th Infantry Brigade, which was redeployed from the Patagonia front. The Imperial army meanwhile, although having technically suffered no more than 4,000 deaths, was down to negligible combat readiness. Ammunition for heavy guns had run out, hunger and typhoid fever had struck almost every time, and morale had plummeted to zero. Argentine bushwackers could have had a significant effect in destroying Brazilian supply lines, had there been any. A two hour rout in which Brazilian units were cut down by Argentine artillery followed, more reminiscent of early Union attacks on the Shenandoah than anything else. However, the true scale of the damage was unknown to Argentine commanders, who chose not to pursue what was still believed to be a far larger Brazilian force. By the time it was realized that the Brazilian position was at weak as it really was, the panicked government in Buenos Aires had signed the Armistice of Puerto Montt with both Chile and Brazil, when the US Navy threatened to attack Buenos Aires.


Argentine Infantry Charge At San Martin Hill During The Battle Of Saladas, August 1917


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USS Dakota, Modernized from her GW1 Configuration, after her participation in the Battle against the Royal Navy in late 1942, which saw the British defeated and Bermuda recaptured. She has the unique distinction of being the oldest ship in the battle, and scored a historic hit on the British Battleship Oliver Cromwell, so new she was still being paid for, which took out her bridge and forced her to withdraw from the battle, where she would later be sunk by Submarine as she meandered back towards the UK. The hit was noteworthy in that it was accomplished without the aid of the Dakota's troublesome targeting Y-Range gear, and was thus accomplished solely with her visual gun directors.
Dakota also scored several hits on the British Cruiser Ajax, which detonated the ship's forward ammunition magazine and obliterated the vessel in one hit.
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Im gonna take a small break from the Argentinaposting for a second.
Confederate Army Jackson barrels at the Texas front, partly colorized 1943 photograph. The tank shown in the picture belonged to the 5th Arkansas Mechanized Cavalry, and was thus a federal unit. However, it was staffed mainly by Texans, and it was responsible for securing order in Austin when the Texan Republic declared independence, whereupon it became the 3rd Texan Mechanized Battalion (having already been cut down to that level by casualties in 1944).

(The real photograph is from Argentine army fireflies in the late 1940s).
Very true. There wouldn't be Israel and Hebrew would be mostly just liturgical language. Antisemitism would be slightly more common but probably due Afro-American genocide any genocidal regime would be really disgusted.
Hebrew still would have moved from a liturgical language to one spoken because of Ben-Yehuda and the Ottomans likely wouldn't have stopped much Jewish immigration. While the Ottomans are likely to survive for much longer than OTL, there would still be a growing Jewish population.
CSS Atlanta (1897)

CSS Atlanta At George V's Coronation
CSS Atlanta was a Nashville-class Armored Cruiser commisioned in 1897, built at the Wedham Iron Works in Mobile, Alabama. Ordered as a protected cruiser in 1892, the design was changed to an armored cruiser after the 1894 crisis on the Nicaragua Canal caused embarrasment to the Navy Department. The ship was inspired largely by contemporary Italian designs, particularly the Guissepe Garibaldi-class. It was, in effect, a pocket pre-dreadnought, with extremely heavy armor and quite fast at 21 knots. In fact, only its main battery of a single 10.5 inch gun, and the smaller displacement which made it so limited, set it apart from the battleships of the day. Consequently the ship was expensive, and one of only three in the class, alongside CSS Nashville and CSS Tallahassee. Atlanta was the second in the class to be commisioned, on July 21st of 1897, the anniversary of 1st Manassas.


CSS Atlanta In 1899, Somewhere In The Atlantic. (Watercolor By R. Featherson)

The CSS Atlanta was assigned to the Training Squadron on July 30th of 1897, where she remained until 1st of April 1898, whence she was reassigned to the 2nd Cruiser Squadron of the Atlantic fleet, based at Norfolk. Her career here was not eventful, save for a close avoidance of a collison with the battleship CSS Florida during the anual fleet manouvers. She was reassigned once more on October 3rd, 1900, to the First Cruiser Squadron of the Gulf Fleet. Here, she served alongside both her sister ships and operated out of Santiago, CU. Almost immediately, she departed for a tour of the CSA's carribean friends, Nicaragua and Colombia. The latter visit was marred by both controversy and glory over the Lamont Affair.

On November 6th, 1900, Atlanta arrived of the coast of Colón, in Colombian Panama, a region deeply affected by the ongoing Thousand Day's War between the Conservatives and Liberals. While the ship was restocking on coal, a sailor named Edwin Carr was killed in a local fight by the nephew of the Liberal commandant in city. Naturally, justice was not forthcoming, causing Captain William Long to occupy the city with two companies of marines and one of whitejackets, demanding the arrest of the perpetrator. A small battle took place when the Confederate whitejackets advanced on the local jailhouse, with the city being surrendered shortly thereafter.

To all of this, the American consul Henry P. Fletcher sent urgent telegrams to Philadelphia asking for the U.S. Navy to intervene, believing the occupation to be a part of a Confederate attempt at taking over Panama. U.S. president Thomas Brackett Reed, believing himself to have been fooled by the confederates, panicked. He ordered his secretary of state, Daniel Lamont, to write an ultimatum to Richmond, demanding Colon to be abandoned. The hastily produced letter, sent via Western Union, was an embarrasment to the United States, and was taken in Richmond as an insult.


Lamont's Telegram To Confederate Secretary Of States William C. Oates

The Navy Department in Richmond, which had not been consulted over the occupation of Colón, rapidly took the side of the Atlanta's captain. A stumbling U.S. Navy response was organized by sending the obsolete protected cruiser USS Baltimore from Haiti to Panama. When it reached Colón, its commander realized how much his ship was outgunned by the Atlanta, and rapidly withdrew when warned by the Confederate officers. As a result, Secretary Oates dismissed the U.S. demands, and Lamont was forced to resign. The incident was a major diplomatic victory for the CSA, and avoided the entrenchment of a "Nicaragua Syndrome," which had taken hold of confederate diplomacy after 1894.


Confederate Caricature In Whig Magazine, June 1901, Showing The New CSA Policy Of Preventing The Expansion Of US Influence In The Carribean
The actual crisis in Panama itself was resolved a month later, when mediation by the Empire of Brazil failed, and a regiment of Confederate Marines was dispatched to Panama. This caused the Liberal Command to settle with the Confederate Government for the death of Carr, whereupon the Atlanta withdrew.

Newspaper Clipping Showing The Embarcation Of Confederate Marines (1900)
Atlanta continued to serve on the First Cruiser Squadron until 1905, when she replaced the protected cruisers CSS Sterling Price and CSS Zebulon Vance in the China Station, guarding the Confederate Legation at Tianjin. The CSA had obtained the concession after the Boxer Rebellion five years earlier, which C.S.M.C. troops had a role in putting down.

Confederate Marines During The Siege Of The Legations In 1900

Atlanta would spend two years here, with the only incident of note being the observation of the Siege of Port Arthur in 1905, and her rescue of 300 Russian crewmen from the aftermath of the battle of Tsushima, in which her similarity to the Japanese cruisers Kassuga and Nisshin was noted by international observers. Upon returning to New Orleans in 1907, the ship was made the flagship of the Third Cruiser Squadron. She made several international visits, including at the Argentine Centennary celebrations and George V's coronation, both in 1910, as well as Bastille Day celebrations in France during 1912, and a visit to New York in 1913.

CSS Atlanta A Year Before The Oubreak Of War (1913)
When the U.S. declared war on the Confederacy in 1914, Atlanta put to sea at the head of her cruiser squadron, meeting up with the British cruiser HMS Good Hope, with whom she escorted the landing force that occuped Hati in the first month of the war. The next few weeks were spent sinking US merchants in the Gulf of Mexico, and in the destruction of the German raider SMS Leipzig at the Battle of the Isle of Pines. Following repairs, she was re-assigned to the Pacific Fleet at Guayamas.

In transit to her new posting, the Atlanta passed near the coast of Dutch Guayana due to a navigational error. The only dutch ship present, HNMLs Evertsen, fired a warning shot, which the Confederates mistook for hostile fire from a yankee raider due its single smoke stack and bad weather. Atlanta fired back with its main battery, striking Evertsen's conning tower and killing Jean Rambonnet, the ship's captain and second most powerful figure in Dutch Guayana. The incident caused and uproar, and only German desire to maintain Holland as a neutral source of food kept the Dutch out of the war.


The Dutch Battleship Evertsen, c. 1904
After a brief stay in Buenos Aires, the ship went around Cape Horn and eventually reached its destination in Guaymas, becoming flagship of the Second Cruiser Squadron. She aided Mexican forces in the defense of Baja California by shelling U.S. positions, but her career here was cut short. On Febuary 3rd, 1915, the US Submarine USS Leapfrog torpedoed the Atlanta just south of Baja California. CSS Nashville was also hit, but the torpedo was a dud and she was therefore able to rescue survivors from Atlanta.


A Recognition photo of the CSN Cruiser CSS Newport News in 1941, shortly before the commencement of Operation Blackbeard.

With the CSN struggling to recover from its post-GW1 downsizing, a decision was made by Naval command to dedicate resources to vessels that could do significant damage to Union war efforts: while a new Battleship program was begun based on the French Richelieu-class, Featherston did not try to restore the CSN's prior "Grand Fleet Array" of the pre-GW1 era, which had been designed to operate in sync with the Royal Navy and French Fleet. Featherston acknowledged, perhaps a bit ahead of the curve, that the Grand, single battle these fleets were designed for would, by the nature of their design, never materialize.

"The only thing more useless than a gun that can't shoot straight is a gun that never shoots at all. These highbrow Naval officers with scrambled egg on their hats and heads up their backsides think we and the Brits're just gonna sail out, blast the Yankee and Hun fleets to scrap iron, and sail on home triumphant. Did it never occur to them that the Yankees and Huns had fleets of their own, just as powerful? They almost seemed surprised to discover such a thing. And in their surprise, they got gun-shy. Their grand battleships made excellent Seagull sh*t collectors, and the Yankees sank our freighters, made mockery of our coastline, and merrily sailed all over the Atlantic." -Jake Featherston, "Over Open Sights."

Needless to say, Featherston would not allow the CSN to let the Yankees have it their way again. as part of Operation Blackbeard, He anticipated that US shipments of raw materials via the Great Lakes and occupied Canada would become crucial to their war aims. As the push to Lake Erie would cut the USA's industrial machine in half on land, the CSN, in conjunction with the Royal Navy, would cut off Yankee operations by sea.

Commerce Raiding had been a part of the CSN from it's inception, and the ships's bell from the CSS Alabama was still rung every year at the graduation ceremony from the CSN Naval Academy in Mobile, Alabama. To this end, Featherston devoted a large section of the CSN's naval construction to cruisers and commerce raiding vessels, leading to the development of the Mobile-class. Named, fittingly, after both the Capitol of the state of Alabama AND the first Capitol of the CSA, the vessels were devoted to one thing above all: sinking Yankee freighters.
The Four ships of the class, CSS Mobile, Newport News, Jackson and Atlanta, began construction in 1935, and were ready upon the outbreak of war. Paired up into two groups, the Mobile and Newport News were to deploy north to cover the mouth of the Great Lakes, coordinating with British cruisers to interdict US and German commerce, while Jackson and Atlanta deployed south, to protect the Caribbean and Coordinate with the French operating out of French Guiana.

These latter two participated in the recapture of Bermuda and the attack on the Bahamas where, in conjunction with the new Battleship CSS Louisiana and the Royal Navy, they loaned their heavy guns to bombarding US positions and sinking the few naval assets the US had in the area. Jackson took three major hits from US aircraft, including a suicide run from an F3A "Katzenjammer" that crashed into her aft turret, and was forced to retire to Havana for repairs, leaving Atlanta to join the Louisiana task force.

IN the North, Under the command of Admiral Chester Nimitz, things initially went well for the CSN, where the USA's disarray following the success of Blackbeard meant few transports were in convoy allowing for easy pickings. Indeed, initially the crews joked they didn't need to convene with CSN supply ships, as they were able to forage off the stocks captured from US freighters. Basing themselves in the British Orkney islands, In the first 6 months of the war the two ships successfully sank over 100,000 tons of US commercial shipping.

The Newport News earned a Battle Star when she dueled and sank USS Phoenix in December 1941 off Newfoundland during an ambush of an early attempt at convoying, and the Mobile soon followed suit when she engaged and sank the Destroyers USS Cassin and USS Downes in January 1942. A brief lull followed, as the US began moving materials overland via the Canadian railroad network, but what was to follow would ring in naval history for years to come.

In May 1942 the German High Seas Fleet, led by the newly-built Battleship Bismarck, broke out into the open sea in an effort to draw the Royal Navy into a major battle. Sighted by the Confederate Raiding force as they passed through the Denmark strait, the CS vessels were able to warn the British about the movement of ships and, as per their alliance, they began to shadow the German ships and undertook a series of annoyance attacks to draw off smaller German units.

Things came to a head when the Germans peeled off a force consisting of the New Cruisers Admiral Hipper and Nurnburg, older Cruiser Koln and, most distressingly, the Battlecruiser Moltke to deal with the Confederate vessels. Badly outgunned, and with the German vessels able to match their speed, the Confederates could not escape.

So they Attacked.

Splitting up, Nimitz banking on the belief that the Germans would likewise divide their forces, each ship soon found themselves facing two opponents. The Newport News squared off against the Moltke and Nurnberg, while the Mobile faced the Adm. Hipper and Koln.

Newport News
led her German pursuers into a squall, using her British-designed Radar array to coordinate her gunfire through the rain. While both of the other vessels likewise possessed Radar, their systems weren't quite up to the same standard as the CSN's tech, and, somewhat embarassingly, the Moltke knoecked her own array offline with her first shot, the vibrations from her guns damaging her system. This led to Nurnberg needing to feed location data to the Moltke as well as engage on her own, leading to delays in passing information to her own gunners, resulting in her rate of return fire dropping dramatically.

Newport News soon tipped the scales when a lucky shot took out the Nurnberg's radar, leaving the two German ships effectively blind. This allowed the News to close the range dramatically, using her superior maneuverability to keep the Germans guessing as to her location. This was not to say she did not take a few hits of her own, as the Moltke's powerful 11-inch guns scored a few near-misses that sprung hull plates and punched several holes into the ship's upperworks and funnel.
But finally, in what would come to be known as "The Finest Hour of the Confederate Navy," the News found herself in a perfect position and, taking advantage of a momentary break in the fog, closed to near point-blank range and unloaded a full broadside into the Moltke.

Three of her shells passed over the battlecruiser and slammed into the Nurnberg, taking out the vessel's port propeller, aft turret and rear fire control array. She turned away, making smoke and nearly unmaneuverable.

The six shells that hit Moltke herself, however, touched off a cataclysm. One shell ignited stored Anti-Aircraft munitions on her deck, lighting the ship up in a bright phosphorescent cloud and igniting several nearby fixtures, as well as momentarily blinding the ship's bridge crew. Another smashed the port barrel of her aftmost turret, touching off a shell that had been loaded and causing a backblast that blew the roof of the turret off. Two struck the base of her bridge, reducing the structure to a shamble of scrap iron, and finally the last two slammed into her aft funnel, blowing out her boilers.
Aflame from stem to stern, dead in the water and unable to return fire, the Moltke's crew hauled down her colors before another barrage came from the Confederate vessel.

Nimitz and Jefferson Clancy, the News' captain, allowed the Germans to Abandon ship before sending a barrage into the Moltke's portside below the waterline. The German Battlecruiser would capsize within the hour, taking over 400 of her crew with her.
After sending off a triumphant Radio report to Richmond of their victory, the News set about picking up the survivors of the battle, intending to hand them over to the British. This effort ended, however, when she received a distress call from the Mobile: the other Confederate vessel was having a much harder time, having taken several bad hits early in her battle with the German fleet and worse still, two US cruisers had arrived and were headed the News' way. Mobile would later be sunk by German carrier aircraft as she limped towards home.

In a moment that some say marred the Confederate victory, Nimitz made the reluctant decision to release the German sailors into the icy water of the North Atlantic as she made her escape to the west. By the time the Nurnberg had managed to turn back and the US Cruisers Philadelphia and Portland had arrived the next morning, over 250 additional members of the Moltke's crew had succumbed to wounds and exposure and perished.

Despite the US papers making much noise about how she had "abandoned" the Moltke's crew, the Newport News was the talk of the Confederacy, Hailing Captain Clancy as "The greatest Confederate mariner since Raphael Semmes" and making much noise about the impotence of the German and American navies in the face of the threat. The loss of the Mobile dampened the celebration somewhat, but when the News sailed triumphantly into her namesake port a month later after dodging USN patrols and submarines, no less than Jake Featherston himself was there to welcome her home. Admiral Nimitz and Captain Clancy were both awarded the Order of the Virginia for their success, a major propaganda victory in the face of the faltering land war.

it would be among the last for the CSN.

While the German fleet suffered an inglorious defeat at the hands of the British, subsequent US operations soon undid the Allies' early war efforts, and Bermuda and the Bahamas were soon back in US hands. Hot on the heels of the massive failure of Operation Coalscuttle and the Battle of Pittsburgh, the tremendous losses in CSA manpower meant Featherston had to strip men from the Confederate Navy to fill the ranks. This led to the CSN's Northern task force, reorganized after Pittsburgh, to essentially serve as a "fleet in being" as it lacked the manpower and fuel to properly deploy.

The fleet would still be there in 1944, when a report of Featherston's presence led to the US using a Superbomb on the city.
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The Confederate Naval Academy was at Mobile, not Charleston. It was mentioned in the series several times.
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A photo of Bletchley Park, circa 2019. During the Second Great War, the Mosley Government and the British Armed Forces would establish an intelligence center within the walls of this mansion, it was were where the Radius conducted their Intelligence War.

Edit: I plan on making a post here about the Intelligence War in the world of TL-191.

A Confederate Sydenham Helmet next to an American M1941 Steel Helmet on the shores of the Delmarva Peninsula

After recapturing Bermuda from the Confederates and British & regaining the Delmarva peninsula, General Daniel MacArthur had wanted to invade Virginia's eastern coast but was not allowed to by the U.S. War Department. The Super-bombing of Newport News further disinterested the U.S. army from performing any land invasion of Virginia.

Confederate soldier holding a modified Tredegar Automatic Rifle.

This version of the TAR mostly existed as prototypes until they were given to the most elite units of the Confederate military. Some were captured by U.S. soldiers around the Confederacy and used against C.S. soldiers.
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Intelligence War, Espionage, and Spies of TL-191, Part 1

A photograph of an Enigma Machine, which was the primary coding machine that was used by the Central Powers during the Second Great War, including the American version of the machine dubbed the Prophet Machine.

A photo of Captain Maksymilian Ciężki, circa 1935. Ciężki was part of the Polish Army Cipher Bureau, which his had caught the attention of the Germans after his Bureau cracked the Enigma Code and was made head of a Joint Polish-German (and later Austro-Hungarian and Union) Cipher Group known as Department 14. The work of Department 14 and waged an Cipher War against the Radius Alliance to both protect the Enigma Code and also to crack the enemy code which was known as the Genie Cipher. It was the efforts of Ciężki's Department 14 which had contributed, perhaps decisively, in the Defeat of the Radius Alliance in Europe and possibly the CSA.

Women belonging to the US Navy's Special Signals Department working feverishly to break the Allied Anglo-Confederate Naval Codes, circa 1942. In a combination of these women's efforts and the capture of a Genie Machine and it's codebooks off the British Submarine HMS Tutankhamen in the North Atlantic by the Union Navy, the Union was able to crack the enemy codes, which had immensely helped the turned the tide of the Battle of the Atlantic into Central Powers' favor.

A pre-war photo of Virginia Hall, circa 1939. During the Second Great War, Virginia Hall would be an agent for the Union Military's Intelligence Organization known as the OSS (which stands for the Office of Strategic Services), in which would operate heavily in Featherston's Confederacy posing as originally a War Corespondent (under the pseudonym of Rosa Forester) for the Confederate Propaganda Machine. Hall would play a crucial part in the Union Victory during the Second Great War by providing information about the Confederate Military's Troop Movements, their weapons development, and also revealed to the Union High Command of details regarding to the Population Reduction. Her greatest contributions was when she revealed information to the Union High Command about General Patton's intended operation in Tennessee in late 1943. Shortly afterwards, the Freedom Party Guards and it's Security Department would find out about her and would commit to a massive man-hunt for her. However, Hall would never be caught by the Freedomites despite a high bounty on her head. After war's end she would awarded the Distinguished Service Cross from the head of the OSS General William Donovan.

A photo of a High Standard OSS Pistol from the Rock Island Auction catalog, circa 2017. This pistol would be the mainstay pistol for Union saboteurs, commandos, and spies during the Second Great War.​

Last known image of Dr. Francois Duvalier (right) with an unknown colleague (left)

During the Second Great War, the Confederacy invaded Haiti and began to indiscriminately eradicate the Black population. In the previous war, it was merely occupied to prevent the United States to keep a foothold in the Caribbean.

A U.S.- educated Haitian doctor by the name of Francois Duvalier was involved in a series of battles against the Confederates, where he acted as a soldier and a medic. The risk of capture was elevated when Dominican troops under Trujillo agreed to invade the country during Operation Blackbeard in return for some financial compensation and potentially gaining the rest of Hispaniola (the latter promise was somewhat of a tongue-in-cheek statement said by Featherston)

Duvalier was captured and turned over to the Confederate army in 1943 and burned alive, on the reasoning that a bullet was more valuable to use on the Americans once they started to regain Haiti.