Photo of a World Without World Wars

This is inspired by Photos from Featherston's Confederacy/ TL-191 and Photos of Kaiserreich . Serbia is resolved diplomatically, millions of lives are saved and the society of the 1910s never sees them. horrors of war and cultural revolution never happen, communism is still just an ideology for mad dreamers like anarchists, the red baron never becomes an aviation legend, mussolini continues his life in Switzerland and Hitler never becomes a dictator, as if were a world where Gravillo Princip's shot fails, and the future of the entire world is rewritten:
Some rules
  1. Everyone is free to create their own Headcanon as long as they meet the PoD on June 28, 1914
  2. Any photo will do as long as it doesn't get anyone in trouble with the mods and the board
  3. There should be no world war in another time, this is a forum that presents a world where no war on a global scale should take place.
  4. As long as you obey rule 3, you can create any headcanon
  5. Have a good time
I'll start:
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Engraving of the attempted assassination of the archduke of the Austro-Hungary Empire, Franz Ferdinand, by the Serbian nationalist Gravillo Princip, who started the Saravejo crisis in 1914

The Sarajevo crisis of 1914 was a political conflict between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Kingdom of Serbia, motivated by the attempted assassination of the heir to the Austrian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife by Serbian nationalist Gravillo Princip, the bullets fired by terrorist grazed Ferdinand's neck and his wife's abdomen, and Princip was shot by Austrian police. Europe, the crisis was resolved only with international intervention, at the London conference under the mediation of the United States it was decided that Serbia should hunt down anti-Austria terrorist organizations in its territory and both nations should maintain cordial relations, nobody knows what would happen if Princip had landed that shot.
 
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NOTE: All of my future posrtings there are same TL.

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Kaiser Franz Josef I of Austria-Hungary (1830 - 1917)

Franz Josef I ruled his empere very long time, longer than many other monarcsh and any other Austrian kaiser. During his last years he saw Crisis of Sarajevo which begun from assassination attempt of his heir archduke Franz Ferdinand by Serb terrorists. In 1916 he supported Bulgaria during Third Balkans War. He died in 1017 as quiet popular kaiser (ITTL without stress caused by WW1 he lives some months longer).

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Kaiser Franz Ferdinand I of Austria-Hungary/Danu8bia (1863 - 1948)

Franz Ferdinand I became kaiser in 1917 after death of his uncle Franz Josef I. He has already long time seeked further federalisation of Austria-Hungary and seeked way to give more autonomy for other nationalities of the multinational. empire. Hungary anyway opposed that and in 1918 situation escalated pretty badly and Hungary even treated to secede. This almost led to civil war but other minorities strongly supported Vienna and Hungary hadn't other choice as accept federalisation and so finally in 1919 new constitution was passed which changed Austria-Hungary as Danubian Empire.

Another important hting was resolve succession issue. Due his morganatic marriage Franz Ferdinand's children were removed from succession line and all of imperial titles. The kaiser managed to push with government legistature which allowed include his descendants to succession line and gave them imperial titles.

The Kaiser's reign too saw intervention to Montenegro in 1922, participating to Russian restless in 1927 and Romanian Civil War in 1935 - 1938. His reign too saw many other things like some border schisms with Italy and too some internal reforms like repealing of antisemitic legistature and giving full citizen rights to Jews. The kaiser died from lung cancer in 1948.

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Kaiser Maximilian I (1902 - 1984)

Maximilian became kaiser in 1948 after death of his father Franz Ferdinand I. During relationships of Danubia and Italy begun to improve. In 1950's Danubian culture begun to frourish even futher and Danubia became one of most important centers of European culture. Politically Danubia saw too much of change and several ethnic groups manage to get more rights. During Madimilian's reign Danubia too saw first chancellor who didn't speak German as his first language, Imre Nagy (1958 - 1965).

Maximilian's reign too saw many reforms like abolition of death penalty (1964), female suffrage (1977) and decriminalisation of homosexuality (1980).

Maximilian's reign was very succesful and Danubia prospered greatly. He wa<s quiet popular monarch and he died in 1984 from heart attack. During his reign succession law was too changed in 1972. New legistature allowed female succession in case that kaiser has not son.

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Kaiser Franz II of Danubia (1927 - 2020)

Franz II's reign was quiet uneventful altough it saw some societal changes and some new feforms like legalisation of abortion in 1988. The kaiser too proposed futher cooperation between European nations. In Danubia was too some rising nationalism altough support for separatism is still very low.

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Kaiserin Anna I (b. 1954)

Since future kaiser Franz II hadn't sons Danubian government decided to allow female succession to the throne. Anna became crown rpicness when her fater became kaiser. She took quickly several royal duties and became quiet popular. During Franz II's last years her had too several of her father's duties. Anna became kaiserin in 2020.
 
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Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924), 28th President of the United States (1913-1921)
Woodrow Wilson was the 28th president of the United States, beating William Taft and Theodore Roosevelt in the 1912 Presidential Election was re-elected in 1916, Wilson is a controversial president, Wilson introduced a comprehensive domestic legislation program early in his administration, something no president had done before. It had four major domestic priorities: the conservation of natural resources, banking reform, tariff reduction, and equal access to raw materials, which would be accomplished in part through the regulation of trusts.
Wilson introduced a comprehensive domestic legislation program early in his administration, something no president had done before. It had four major domestic priorities: the conservation of natural resources, banking reform, tariff reduction, and equal access to raw materials, which would be accomplished in part through the regulation of trusts.
Wilson's first two years in office were largely focused on implementing his domestic New Liberty agenda, Wilson was also one of the key mediators of the 1914 Saravejo Crisis managing at the London Conference to bring Austria and Serbia to an agreement, his conduct was highly praised for being able to bring two enemy nations to peace and prevent an unnecessary war.
However Wilson was responsible for creating a series of racist segregation laws that tarnished his mandate and delayed the civil rights movement for decades, during the outbreak of the civil rights mania (1969-1976) black activists often used his image as a great example of racist
Another great controversy was their nativist policies that aimed to undermine the influence of European immigrants in the United States, prohibiting the teaching of languages other than English in schools or the publication of official documents in German or Italian, these policies were rebuffed by the strong opposition of immigrants and pressure from European powers, at the end of his term in 1920, overseeing the controversial 18th amendment to the American constitution aimed at banning alcoholic beverages, this law was largely rejected due to immigrant opposition and fear of economic impacts
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James M. Cox (March 31, 1870 - July 15, 1957), 29th President of the United States (1921-1929)
James M.Cox was the 29th president of the United States, beating Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge in the 1920 Presidential Elections, was re-elected in 1924, his term was during the lull of the 1920s, a period known as "the calm before the storm "despite being considered an above-average president, he was widely criticized for not regulating mortgage brokers or recognizing a credibility problem early on, which could have avoided the Great Depression and economic recession of the 1930s
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Herbert Hoover (August 10, 1874 - October 20, 1964), 30th President of the United States (1929-1937)
Herbert Hoover was the 30th president of the United States, beating Al Smith and Joseph T. Robinson in the 1928 Presidential Elections, was re-elected in 1928
Hoover saw the presidency as a vehicle to improve conditions for all Americans, encouraging public-private cooperation - what he called "volunteering." He tended to oppose government coercion or intervention, as he felt it violated American ideals of individualism and self-reliance.
The first major bill he signed, the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929, established the Federal Farm Board in order to stabilize farm prices.
His first term (1929-1933) was peaceful, but behind the scenes the domination effect that would lead to the 1932 recession took longer and longer steps.
His second term however was a complete disaster
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A crowd outside the New York Stock Exchange.
On New Year's Eve in 1932, the day known as the "Black Saturday", the New York stock market crashed due to high speculation and the Federal Reserve's increased discount rate.
Then began the crisis of 1932[1], which, in short, translated into a crisis of credibility. Stockholders put their shares up for sale, in huge volumes, and as there were few buyers, stock prices fell.
1933 was born with an economic crisis on its doorstep, President Hoover's decision not to intervene in the economy only made things worse, in a few weeks the American crisis became global, the population used to great prosperity in the last 60 years was seriously hit, the crisis marked the end of the belle epoque and the beginning of a great period of tension, crises and wars in the 30s and 40s, it was the beginning of the "decade of the 10 wars"
[1]This crisis is more like the recession of the 1980s than the OTL great depression as the economy of European countries was not destroyed due to war, but had more impact as the world population has been used to great prosperity for 60 years since 1870
 
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A field in Flanders, where nothing interesting or heartbreaking happened.


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The Crown Jewels of the Romanov Dynasty on display in St Petersburg.
The "Quiet Revolution" in 1937 saw the end of the Romanov's absolute rule following the death of Tsar Nicholas II earlier that year. Driven to grief following the death of his son Alexei in 1921, the Tsar became increasingly insular and the Monarch let slip his grip on the Empire. During this period, the Imperial Duma was empowered by the Tsar's absence in political affairs and Russia's shift towards a more constitutional arrangement began.

The Tsar was succeeded by his brother, Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich to much controversy. The Duke had spent time in exile following a falling out with his family over his marriage to Natalia Brasova, and would finally return to Russia following the death of his nephew. The two would reconcile much to the chagrin of the Imperial nobility, who were hostile towards the Natalia and vehemently denied her any peerage within the Empire. It was in this environment that Michael would be reacquainted with Russian politics.

Michael would however prove popular with the Russian people. He would oversee the removal of Rasputin from the Imperial Court (the mystic having fallen out of the Tsar's favor following his son's death) and began making public appearances on the Tsar's behalf. The Duke was however largely uninterested in the governance of the Empire, and during his "reign" began deferring more and more power to the Imperial Duma. Historians also debate if this move was a deliberate retaliation against his family for rejecting his marriage, as some diary entries seem to indicate. He began working with reformist elements within the Empire, listening to their suggestions to help govern the state.

The death of the Tsar triggered a crisis of succession, and it was the ultimately the empowered Duma that assisted Michael in ascending to the throne in '37. At the time of his ascension, the Duma had taken on many functions of the state that previously sat with the Tsar himself. Nominally democratic institutions were introduced and the transition from Empire to Federation would begin in earnest. Throughout the 1940's the power of the monarchy was formally restrained with the Tsar's consent, evolving into a constitutional arrangement not dissimilar to that of the United Kingdom.

His death in 1957 triggered a great outpouring of grief and his funeral would be televised to millions of homes across Russia and the world. Thousands of foreign dignitaries, including royals from Danubia, Germany and the United Kingdom would attend to pay their respects to "The People's Tsar".

 
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Abu Dhabi, capital of United Gulf Emirates (UGE)

United Gulf Emirates was formed in 1980. It consists Abu emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Bahrain, Dubai, Fujairah, Kuwait, Qatar, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Ouwain. Emirates practise pretty much their own politics. Gernerally the country is quiet illiberal (altough not quiet suich degree as in OTL). Thanks of oil UGE is pretyt prosperous and important bank center of Middle East. It is economic rival of Ottoman Empire.

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Addis Abeba, capital of Empire of Ethiopia

Ethiopia experienced many reforms during 1940's and 1950's like abolition of slavery and some degree of industrialisation. But emperor still had and has still much of power over government. The country had through whole 20th century bad relationships with Italy altough tensions never escalated as war. And Ethiopia is still claiming Eritrea (still held by Italy in 2021) and parts of Somaliland (held by Italy still in 2021 too).

In 2021 Ethiopia is somehow industrialised but still quiet poor nation (altough not that badly as in OTL due lack of civil war in 1980's). Emperor and nobility have still much power and the country has stricktly Christian based legistature and even constitution states that emperor is basically sacred man and all state officials must be members of Ethiopian Orthodox church. Ethiopia has been critised about its extrmely harsh majeste leste legistature, jailing of several people who are critised government and discrimination of non-Orthodox Christians, Muslims and Jews.
 
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Bulgarian army crossing Serbian border during Third Balkans War in 1916

Tensions in Balkans have been really high already since First Balkans War. Crisis of Sarajevo in 1914 didn't help any altough large-scale war was avoided. But it was just time of question when some conflict would break out. And this would happen eventually in 1916.

Bulgaria has been really bittered since its defeat on Second Balkans War in 1913. Finally on February 2, 1916 Bulgraria declared war to Serbia and Greece. Austria-Hungary and Germany gave strong support for Bulgaria. Russia was on side of Serbai but it didn't intervene. Bulgaria was quiet succesful and already by May Bulgaria had already captured Skopje and Thessaloniki/Salun. Grece and Serbia suffered from several defeats and finally on June 7 both nations sued peace. Bulgaria gave harsh terms. Greece had give up whole Southern Macedonia and Serbia had give Northern Macedonia and some of its Bulgarian lands to Bulgaria. This made Bulgaria basically great power of Balkans and rightfully got a nickaname "Prussia of Balkans".
 
List of Summer Olympics in the Modern Era (1896-2020)
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1896 Summer Olympics
Main city: Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Opening Ceremony: April 6
Closing Ceremony: April 15
Official opening: George I of Greece

1900 Summer Olympics
Main city: Paris, Third French Republic
Opening Ceremony: May 14
Closing Ceremony: October 28

1904 Summer Olympics
Main City: St. Louis, United States
Opening Ceremony: July 1st
Closing Ceremony: November 23
Official Opening: David R. Francis

1908 Summer Olympics
Main city: London, United Kingdom
Opening Ceremony: April 27
Closing Ceremony: October 31
Official opening: Edward VII of the United Kingdom

1912 Summer Olympics
Main city: Stockholm, Kingdom of Sweden
Opening Ceremony: July 6th
Closing Ceremony: July 22
Official opening: Gustaf V from Sweden

1916 Summer Olympics
Main city: Berlin, German Empire
Opening Ceremony: June 30
Closing Ceremony: August 1st
Official opening: Wilherm II of Germany

1920 Summer Olympics
Main city: Antwerp, Kingdom of Belgium
Opening Ceremony: August 14th
Closing Ceremony: September 12th
Official opening: Albert I of Belgium

1924 Summer Olympics
Main city: St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Opening Ceremony: July 8th
Closing Ceremony: July 31
Official opening: Nicholas II of Russia

1928 Summer Olympics
Main city: Amsterdam, Kingdom of the Netherlands
Opening Ceremony: July 28
Closing Ceremony: August 12th
Official opening: Prince Consort Henrik of the Netherlands

1932 Summer Olympics
Main City: Los Angeles, United States
Opening Ceremony: July 30th
Closing Ceremony: August 14th
Official opening: Vice President Charles Curtis

1936 Summer Olympics
Main city: Vienna, Danubian Federation
Opening Ceremony: Ausgust 1
Closing Ceremony: August 28
Official opening: Franz Ferdinand I from Danubia

1940 Summer Olympics
Main city: Tokyo, Japanese Empire
Opening Ceremony: July 20th
Closing Ceremony: August 4th
Official opening: Showa Emperor of Japan

1944 Summer Olympics
Main city: London, United Kingdom
Opening Ceremony: June 25
Closing Ceremony: August 10th
Official opening: George VI from the UK

1948 Summer Olympics
Main city: Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Opening Ceremony: July 28
Closing Ceremony: August 13
Official opening: Umberto II of Italy

1952 Summer Olympics
Main City: Minneapolis, United States
Opening Ceremony: July 17th
Closing Ceremony: August 1st
Official opening: President Huey Long

1956 Summer Olympics
Main city: Melbourne, Dominion of Australia, Imperial Federation
Opening Ceremony: November 22
Closing Ceremony: December 8th
Official Opening: The Duke of Edinburgh

1960 Summer Olympics
Main city: Lausanne, Switzerland
Opening Ceremony: August 25
Closing Ceremony: September 15th
Official opening: Max Petitpierre

1964 Summer Olympics
Main city: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Opening Ceremony: October 15th
Closing Ceremony: November 7th
Official inauguration: President Plinio Corrêa

1968 Summer Olympics
Main city: Mexico City, Mexico
Opening Ceremony: October 12th
Closing Ceremony: October 27
Official opening: President José González Torres

1972 Summer Olympics
Main city: Munich, Bavaria, Germany
Opening Ceremony: August 26
Closing Ceremony: September 11th
Official opening: Albertch from Bavaria

1976 Summer Olympics
Main City: Montreal, Dominion of Canada, Imperial Federation
Opening Ceremony: July 17th
Closing Ceremony: August 1st
Official Opening: Elizabeth II of the UK

1980 Summer Olympics
Main city: Moscow, Russian Empire
Opening Ceremony: July 19
Closing Ceremony: August 3rd
Official opening: Tsar Vladimir III of Russia

1984 Summer Olympics
Main city: Tehran, Imperial State of Iran
Opening Ceremony: July 31
Closing Ceremony: August 15th
Official Opening: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran

1988 Summer Olympics
Main city: Keijo, Chōsen, Japanese Empire
Opening Ceremony: September 17th
Closing Ceremony: October 2nd
Official opening: Emperor Showa

1992 Olympic Games
Main city: Barcelona, Kingdom of Spain
Opening Ceremony: July 25th
Closing Ceremony: August 9th
Official opening: Carlos Hugo I of Spain

1996 Summer Olympics
Main City: Atlanta, United States
Opening Ceremony: July 19
Closing Ceremony: August 4th
Official Opening: President Tommy Mahfouz

2000 Summer Olympics
Main city: Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
Opening Ceremony: September 25
Closing Ceremony: October 28
Official opening: Fuad II of Egypt

2004 Summer Olympics
Main city: Constantinople, Kingdom of Greece
Opening Ceremony: August 12th
Closing Ceremony: August 31
Official opening: Constantin II of Greece

2008 Summer Olympics
Main city: Sofia, Tsardom of Bulgaria
Opening Ceremony: August 1st
Closing Ceremony: August 18th
Official opening: Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria

2012 Summer Olympics
Main City: London, UK, Imperial Federation
Opening Ceremony: July 27
Closing Ceremony: August 12th
Official Opening: Elizabeth II of the UK

2016 Olympic Games
Main city: Madrid, Kingdom of Spain
Opening Ceremony: August 3rd
Closing Ceremony: August 20th
Official opening: Carlos Xavier I of Spain

2020 Summer Olympics
Main city: Tokyo, Japanese Empire
Opening Ceremony: July 20th
Closing Ceremony: August 5th
Official Opening:Emperor Reiwa
 
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FIFA World Cup List (1930-2022)
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1930 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Republic of Uruguay
Dates:13-30 July
Champion:Uruguay (1st title)

1934 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Kingdom of Italy
Dates:May 27-June 10
Champion:Italy (1st title)

1938 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Third French Republic
Dates:4-19 June
Champion: Italy (2nd title)

1942 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Republic of Argentina
Dates:1-16 July
Champion:Uruguay (2nd title)

1946 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:German Empire
Dates:5-22 June
Champion:Germany (1st title)

1950 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Republic of Rrazil
Dates:June 24-July 16
Champion:Brazil (1st title)

1954 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Switzeland
Dates:June 16-July 4
Champion:Germany (2nd title)

1958 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Kindom of Sweden
Dates:8-29 June
Champion:Brazil (2nd title)

1962 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Chile
Dates:May 30-June 17
Champion:Brazil (3rd title)

1966 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:United Kingdom
Dates:11-30 July
Champion:United Kingdom (1st Title)

1970 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Republic of Colombia
Dates:1-22 June
Champion:Italy (3rd title)

1974 FIFA World Cup
Host Country: Danubian Federation
Dates:1-29 July
Champion:Germany (3rd title)

1978 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Kingdom of Spain
Dates:1-25 June
Champion:Argentina (1st title)

1982 FIFA World Cup
Host Country: Dominion of Canada, Imperial Federation
Dates:2-30 June
Champion:Argentina (2nd title)

1986 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Republic of Mexico
Dates:May 31-June 29
Champion:Argentina (3rd title)

1990 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Kingdom of Italy
Dates:June 8-July8
Champion:Morocco (1st title)

1994 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:United States
Dates:June 17-July 17
Champion:Brazil (4th title)

1998 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Third French Republic
Dates:June 10-July 12
Champion:Brazil (5th title[1])

2002 FIFA World Cup[2]
Host Country:South Africa, Imperial Federation
Dates:June 1st-July 1st
Champion:Federation of Nigeria, Imperial Federation (1st title)

2006 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:German Empire
Dates:June 9-July 9
Champion:Argentina (4th title)

2010 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Kingdom of Egypt
Dates:June 11-July 11
Champion:Germany (5th title)

2014 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Empire of Brazil
Dates:June 12-July 13
Champion:Brazil (6th title)

2018 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:Russian Empire
Dates:June 14-July 15
Champion: Danubian Federation (1st title)

2022 FIFA World Cup
Host Country:United Arab Emirates
Dates:2022

Six-time champions:Brazil(1950, 1958, 1962, 1994, 1998, 2014)
Five-time champions:Germany(1946, 1954, 1974, 2010)
Four-time champions:Argentina(1978, 1982, 1986,2006)
Three-time champions:Italy(1934, 1938, 1970)
Two-time champions:Uruguay (1930, 1942)
Champions: Danubian Federation(2018), Morocco(1990), Nigeria(2002), United Kingdom(1966)

[1]Ronaldo never suffers convulsions in the 1998 World Cup and Brazil wins the final
[2]The world cup with the fewest participants since 1930, most nations decided to stay out of the cup as a boycott against apartheid
 
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Probably only known photo of Gregory Rasputin, odd siberian man who lived in Russian imperial court and was treatening tsarevich Alexei on his hemophilia

About Grigory Rasputin is known only few and all what is known is from some diary marks of court members and few remaining court document. It is known that he was living several years with imperial family and tried treat Alexei's hemophilia. Alexei anyway died from complications of the disease in 1920. After this tsar Nicholas II expelled him to Siberia, where from he assumed to be originated. The tsar basically tried destroy all documents and photos of him and he even removed Rasputin from his own diary. Only few of documents survived. These were found only in 1990's so all people who knew him were already dead. There is not any knowledge about Rasputin's life and his ultimate fate after his expulsion altough there is some strange stories about him like one old woman's story where she recalled that his father, who was barber in Tobolsk got strange client on early 1920's who asked him shave his beard and who quicly disappeared to crowd on streets. But it is not sure if this man was Rasputin.

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Tsar Nicholas II (1868 - 1927)

Nicholas II was last authotarian ruler of Russia. His reign saw many failures altough there was some success altough not really due his skills. He was becoming increasingly unpopular and almost was last tsar of Russia. But ultimately it was death of hsi son and heir Alexei which caused things going worse. The tsar begun take more power back and even tried enact more of antisemitic legistature and continue russification of minorities. But serious crisis happened in 1921 when Nicholas sent troops to border of Ottoman Empire and sent demands that OE should give more rights to Russians regarding Bosporus Straits and give Armenian regions of Anatolia. Ottoman government might had somehow accepted demands over the strait but giving its territories to Russia was big no. Britain, Germany and Danubia too opposed demands of Russia and finally the tsar had give up. Furthermore worsening economy, increasing famines and stagnation caused much of frustration.

Things just turned more disastrous and several failed crops in 1926 caused chain reaction which finally broke out as Revolution of 1927 on February. Firstly there was several riots in several small cities when peasants came to demand more cheap bread and better conditions. Many too begun demand more democracy and rights to minorities and even aboliton of monarchy. Soon restless and riots spred to St. Petersburg, Moscow and many other large cities. Finland and Poland saw outright uprisings against russification politics. On July 18 Nicholas Ii tried speak to crowd but it was too few too late. Sme bullets were shot and these killed the tsar.

Nowadays many historians and common people see Nicholas II being one of worst and incapable tsars in Russian history and pretty much guilt for Revolution of 1927.

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Tsar Michael II (1878 - 1957)

Grand duke Michael was younger brother of Nicholas II. He anyway lived outside of court several yearfs before Nicholas II called him back after tsarveich Alexei's death and such him became heir of the tsar despite some opposition.

After assassination of Nicholas II him became new tsar altough he was quiet relucant for that office. He never didn't like about idea being on such status and futhermore Russia was midst of violent revolution and there was real risk of civil war. But already during August he managed to negotiate with several politicians and so on August 23 was signed Winter Palace Agreement. This gave new constituion. The constitution cut off greatly tsar's power and Duma got more legistature power. Tsar couldn't anymore just dissolve that without agreing with prime minister. It too gave equal rights to ethnic and religious minorities. Finland and Poland were allowed to vote for their independence and them became independent in 1928. Bessarabia, which was occupied by Romania during the revolution, was given to Romania. Situation was eventually pacified during next months. Whole Revolution of 1927 was killed about 1500 people and wounded several thousands.

Rest of Michael II's reign was quiet peaceful and he diddn't intervene to politics very much. Him became quiet popular ruler. His reign anyway saw intervention to Second Sino-Japanese War on 1930's where Russia managed to take Southern Sakhalin back. His reign too saw notable rise of economy and better living conditions for many commoners. Michael II too managed to improve relationships with other powrs. This helped less tensions in Europe. His reign too saw Olynmpics of St. Petersburg in 1952.

Already during early years of Michael's reign there was again discussion over succession. His son Georgy (1910 - 1988) wasn't seen as acceptable as tsar and it was assumed that tsar's title would go another branch of Romanov dynasty. Georgy anyway got hereditary noble title and right to attend to royal events. As new heir became Michael's cousin Cyril Vladimirovich. After his death as new heir became Cyril's son Vladimir whom became tsar after Michael II's death. The tsar died in 1957 and his funeral were fist televised funeral event of Russian royalty.

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Tsar Vladimir III (1917 - 1991)

Vladimir became heir to Russian throne in 1937 after death of his father Kirill Vladimirovich. His marriage was anyway bit controversial because his wife wasn't member of reigning royal family but was member of former Georgian royal family which weren't seen real royals. But Duma anyway accepted this marriage whn there wasn't miuch of will to cause new succession crisis. Him became tsar after Michael II's death and his coronation was first televised Vladimir's reign saw further development of the country. Russia became nuclear power when it deotnated its first nculear bomb in 1970. Russia too sent its first human to space in 1972[1]. Russia too passed full female suffrage in 1968. Homosexuality was decriminalised in 1988 and in 1990 abortion was allowed under certain cases.

The tsar was quiet popular and he died in 1991. He was succeeded by his oldest daughter Maria I.

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Tsarina Maria I (b. 1944)

Maria I was born as first child and daughter of future tsar Vladimir. Due agnatic succession laws of Russia she wasn't expected to become ruler of Russia. But since Vladimir didn't get son and no one wanted new succession crisis Duma accepted new succession legistature which allowed woman ascend to imperial throne if tsar hadn't son.

Maria becmae tsarina in 1991. Her reign saw some futher developments and too Summer Olympics of Moscow in 1992 and Winter Olympics of Vladivostok in 2010. In 1994 Russia too adopted Gergorian Caldendar when it was clear that Julian Calendar didn't fit with Sun calendar and it just caused much of confusion with foreigners.

Maria's reign has seen Russia improving futher and in 2021 it has population of 412M{2]. Russia is really developed country and its population is enjoying about high living standards and good social security system and health services. There is anyway some nationalist and separatist feelings in Baltics, Ukraine, Caucasus and Central Asia.

[1] Due lack of WW2 nculear bomb is invented later and due lack of Cold War there is not space race and so not real rush there too.
{2[ Due lack of world wars, Russian Civil War, Communism (speciality Stalin's terror) and post-communism population collapse Russian population manage to rise really high.
 
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Edward VIII of United Kingdom (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 de junho de 1894 - 8 de junho de 1936)
He was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India from January 20, 1936 until his assassination in June of the same year.
Edward was born during the reign of his great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, as the eldest son of the Duke and Duchess of York, later King George V and Queen Mary. He was named Prince of Wales on his 16th birthday, seven weeks after his father succeeded as king, he became involved in a series of sexual affairs that worried his father and then British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin.
Edward became king on the death of his father in January 1936, in a troubled time caused by the Financial Crisis of 1932, as king he showed impatience with court protocol and caused concern among politicians for his apparent disregard for established constitutional conventions.
Edward proposed a rapprochement with Germany and the Central Powers, which worried the members of the British government and the other members of the Entente Cordial, his policies however never came into practice due to his assassination on June 8, 1936 by an Irish republican nationalist member of the IRA, after his death he was succeeded by his ninth brother Albert who adopted the royal name of George VI
 
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Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1928)

Lenin was long-time communist activist. He begun act against Russian monarchy already at young age when his older brother was hanged from assassination attempt of tsar Alexander III. Lenin lived several years in Switzerland but returned to Russia already at beginning of Revolution of 1927. He anyway failed on creation of communist government and him had return to Switzerland. When it was clear that Russia his momentum is over and Russia is not going to become communist he committed suicide.

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Josif Dzugashvili sometimes called as Stalin (1878 - 1927)

Dzugashvili has been read several revolutionary literature already since 1890's. He too met Lenin in 1903 in Finland. He became supporter of communism and operated often for cause of revcolution. During Revolution of 1927 he was operating in Georgia, his birth regions. Russian army and security forces killed him in Tbilisi when he was leading his unit and tried rush to palace of governor of Tbilisi.

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Leon Trotsky (1879 - 1920)

Trotsky has already years worked with cause of revolution. Since he saw revolution in Russia being unlikely or at least not happening soon, he went to Mexico which was midst of its own revolution. He managed bring some Mexican commu7nist leaders and was able to resist Mexican government and American expedition forces. Trotsky was anyway killed in Northern Mexico and his communist army was totally defeated soon.
 
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Famed Austrian comic book artist Adolf Hitler, known for his superhero character Das Swastika. Hitler's comics have frequently been analyzed by comics historians as representing an extreme, reactionary element in superhero fiction. Despite this, the character has been adapted to film and other media multiple times.
 
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Rio de Janeiro, capital city of Brazil. The city is one of safest capitals in Latin America and it is one of most important centers of international trade. In 2021 Brazil is pretty stable and proseprous nations and chaotic early decades of the republic and authotarian integralist era (1930 - 1962) are just distant memory.

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Getúlio Vargas (1882 - 1965)

Vargas became president of Brazil in 1930. He begun immediately take more of power for himself, centralised the country and made several economic reforms. But pretty soon he begun to take more authotarian rule and soon all political parties were banned and press was fully controlled by government. Tens of thousands political opponents were jailed and even tortured and/or killed. Vargas too gave more power to Catholic Church. He too nationalised several companies and restricted power of workers' unions. Economy anyway begun to boost and general living standards beceame better. Brazil too became more stable. Vargas manage dto stay on power longer than any Brazilian president before or after him despite couple military coup attempts. But in 1962 he finally stepped down due health issues. Soon after this Brazil transferred to democracy.

Nowadays In Brazil and abroad people have quiet controversial views about Vargas. In other hand he is seen as man who reformed Brazilian economy and stabilised the country. But many too see him as dictator who controlled press, didn't allow political opposition and jailed people who openly oppsed his regime.
 
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Helsinki, capital of Republic of Finland

Finns were already long time been frustrated over russification attempts of Russian government. Support for independence just grew further through 1920's and there was even many terrorist activities against Russian officials and Finnish pro-Russian politicians. When Revolution of 1927 broke out Finns rose up against Russians. At agreement of Winter Palace tsar had accept referendum for Finland. 70.1 % of Finns voted for independence and Finland became independent in 1928. Despite some suggestions about adopting monarchy Finland ended as republic. During early years Finland had some disputes with Sweden but these were dealt peacefully by giving autonomy for Åland.

In 2021 Finland is quiet rosperous nation with population of 6 012 000. Finland has good relationships with Sweden and Russia. Officially Finland is neutral but it is leaned towards German-led Mitteleuropa Union.

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Great Synagogue of Warsaw is one of most famous landmarks of Warsaw and one of most important centers of Jews of Eastern and Central Europe. In Europe is living millions of Jews. But there is too antisemtic still pretty common altough all European countries have long time ago repealed their antisemtic legistature.

Poland itself became independent at end of Revolution of 1927 with referendum where 93.7 % of Poles voted for independence. Poland became kingdom and basically vassal of German Empire. In 1970's Poland got more of independence but has still close relationships with Germany. Poland has too quiet good economy but the country is too pretty conservative like for example one of stricktest abortion legistarue in Europe. Altough most Poles don't care about bigger country, some nationalists would want annex Galicia and Polish speaking regions of Germany. But they are quiet small minority.
 
The cover to German author Eleanor Roth’s award-winning 1956 alternative history novel The Shot Heard Round The World, one of the most influential works in the genre. The novel depicts a world in which Gravillo Princip’s failed assassination attempt against Franz Ferdinand had succeeded, and the ensuing chaos caused a massive war across the world. This fictional “Great War” has completely devastated Europe and has lasted for over four decades. The novel follows dual narratives, one of a woman living in war-torn Frankfurt whose home is captured by Russian soldiers and another of her younger brother, a child soldier forcibly drafted into the military fighting in the irradiated ruins of Hamburg. The novel marks a significant shift in the alternate history genre; it was among the first to not feature time travel or interdimensional travel and one of the first with a female protagonist. As well, it popularized the concept of an in-universe alternative history, featuring a fictional novel known as And Desire Shall Fail, which depicts a world where Ferdinand survived the assassination attempt and war is averted. The novel has been praised for its bleak depiction of war, its thoughtful and fleshed-out worldbuilding, and its strong prose. The novel has twice been adapted: once as a film by David Lynch, who emphasized some of the novel’s more dreamlike elements (to largely negative reviews) and a recent television adaptation by Damon Lindelof which saw widespread acclaim.
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Constantinople, capital of Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire was regarred as "sick man of Europe" and many even prdicted that the empire would collapse by itself. But it didn't happen. Governments on end of 1910's and 1920's managed to enact several reforms and it too gave some level autonomy to Arab regions. In other hand Armenians and Greeks experienced futher Turkification campaing (altough without WW1 it doesn't go that terrible as in OTL so no Armenian Genocide). There too happened several idnustrial developments and economic reforms. Foinding of oil from Mseopotamia too helped develope economy altough Germans took more control over oilfields through German oil companies.

In 2021 OE is quiet prosperous nation and undsiputed ruler of Middle East altough Iran is quiet strong rival of OE. The empire is quiet different from that what it was in 1914 being more stable, richer, more modernised and more industrialised. It is one of most important oil production nation and the country is too popular tourist destination thaks of such cities as Constantinople, Damascus, Baghdad and Jerusalem. And of course as ruler of Mecca it too sees annual pilgrim masses coming there. Compared to many other Muslim nations Ottoman Empire is relatively liberal and democratic nation.

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Flag of Kingdom of Arabia

Emirate of Jabal Shammar ruled by Rashidi dynasty had several wars against Saudi ruled Emirate of Nejd. Finally in 1927 with support of Ottoman Empire Jabal Shammar conquered Nejd and emir of JS declared hismelf as king of Arabia. Later Arabia managed to take most of the peninsula under its control. Founding of oil from east coast helped boost economy of the country. It too experienced some modernisation altough it is still nowadays bit backward nation.

In 2021 Kingdom of Arabia is still absolute monarchy altough there is some level of democracy on local level and there is elected council but it is ratherly advisor organ for king and his government. The kingdom still uses Sharia legistature (not anyway in such degree as OTL Saudi Arabia). Arabia has quiet poor human right situation (but still not as bad as OTL Saudi Arabia and for example women have much more rights). Economy and living standards are pretty much same as OTL Saudi Arabia.
 
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King George VI of the United Kingdom (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 17 December 1952)

He was King of the United Kingdom and the British Empire and Emperor of India from 8 June 1936 until his abdication on 1 May 1952.
He was plagued by smoking-related health problems in the later years of his reign and died of coronary thrombosis in 1952. He was succeeded by his daughter Elizabeth II
Known as "Bertie" among his family and close friends, George VI was born in the reign of his great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, and named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort. As King George V's second son, he was not supposed to inherit the throne and spent his childhood in the shadow of his older brother Edward. He attended naval college as a teenager and served in the Royal Navy. In 1920 he was made Duke of York. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923, and they had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. In the mid-1920s, he had speech therapy for stuttering, which he learned to manage to some extent. George's older brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII after his father died in 1936. Later that year, Edward was assassinated by an Irish republican, and George became the fourth monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. [1]
George VI's reign was chaotic, reigning during the chaos of the "Ten Wars Decade" and the aftermath of the 1932 Financial Crisis was a period when the British Empire was about to collapse.
His reign saw in 1936 the British intervention in Palestine and the Creation of the British Protectorate of Judea, fruit of the policy of Liberal Prime Minister Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel (A Jew) also in 1941, the United Kingdom supported the Japanese invasion of China, which deteriorated relations with Russia and the United States.
His reign was also marked by the policy of the "Churchill Era (1937-1955)" [2] which marked the improvement of relations between the United Kingdom and its colonies such as South Africa, Egypt and India and the first steps towards the creation of Imperial Federation
He was plagued by smoking-related health problems in the last years of his reign and abdicated in May 1952 in favor of his daughter Elizabeth, who died of coronary thrombosis in December 1952.

[1] Without World War I and the anti-German craze, the name of the UK royal house was never changed to Windsor

[2] As Churchill never created Gallipoli's failed plan, his popularity was not spoiled and he won the 1937 elections
 
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Carol II, king of the Romanians (1893 - 1953)

Carol was real scandal magnet already when he was crown prince. His scandalous lifestyl.e finally were enough to parliament and royal family and they decided that prince Carol would be skipped on line of succession and as new king would become his son prince Mihai. Mihai became king Michael I in 1927 but only three years later Carol returned to the country and ousted his son. Carol II begun rule with authotarian style and he even dissolved parliament and repaled constitution. His rule caused much of frustration and economy was too collapsing. Futhermore relationships weren't really good with Danubia and Bulgaria. Things just escalated and in 1935 Romania fell to civil war between several factions. Danubia and Bulgaria intervened and Romania annexed Dobruja region. Civil war ended in 1938 when integralist Iron Legion managed to take power and Carol II had abdicate and flee to Portugal where he lived rest of his life.

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Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (1899 - 1964)

Codreanu was right-wing politician who established in 1930's underground integralist movement Iron Legion. It was antisemitic, militaristic and expansionist movement. At end of Romanian Civil War it managed to take total power and COdreanu became all-powerful prime minister of the country. Monarchy was preserved but king hadn't any real power. Codreanu's government enacted several anti-semeitic laws and Iron Legion militias occassionally attacked against Jews. Orthodox CHurch too got more power and Orthdox Christianity was declared only legal religion and Romanian was made only allowed language.

Codreanu too spent much of money to army. Several Romanian nationalists wanted to take Transylvania from Danubia and take Dobruja back from Bulgaria. In 1943 Romania with Serbia attacked to Bulggaria starting Fourth Balkans War. Danuibia and Germany anyway begun to supply Bulgaria and Bulgarian army was anyway in better condition than Serbian and Romanian ones. After first successes both nations begun suffer more and more defeats and finally sides made peace without border changes.

Such humilitating defeat frustrated people greatly and soon Iron Legion lost its popularity. Codreanu tried keep his power and sent militias to streets. But king Michael I didn't just watch from side and with some military personnels he ousted Codreanu and disbanded Iron Legion. Codreanu fled to Spain where he lived rest of his life.

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Michael I, King of the Romanians (1921 - 2017)

Michael became king already in 1927 only at age of 6. But he was ousted already three years later by his father Carol II. Him becaem king again in 1938 after his father had leave the country. Firstly Michael I was totally under control of prime minsiter and dictator of Romania, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu. But in 1943 him managed to oust the PM. Soon after this Romania became democracy altough it has alway suffered from instability. Michael I was quiet popular king and Romania propsered greatly during his reign.
 
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