Been on a bit of a Newfoundland kick for Hail, Britannia (results to come soon). So here's a DBWI entry - What if Newfoundland remained independent? Nicking a bit from Kanan's New Zealand Newfoundland is a country in northeastern North America, sharing a land border with Canada to the west and a maritime border with New England in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The country geographically comprises the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi). In 2018, the country's population was estimated at 812,400. About 90% of the province's population lives on the island of Newfoundland (and its neighbouring smaller islands), of whom more than half live on the Avalon Peninsula. A former English then British colony, Newfoundland gained responsible government in 1855 and was elevated to a dominion of the United Kingdom in 1907. Despite a significant economic crisis during the Great Depression and the aftermath of the Great War, Newfoundland remained independent of its larger continental neighbour and is a close ally of the United Kingdom and New England as part of the Commonwealth. Since the 1960s, Newfoundland has welcomed refugees from southern Africa escaping the Apartheid regime in South Africa, and Black Africans now make up ten per cent of the country's population with 15 per cent being Europeans of African origin. Incumbent Prime Minister Derek Hanekom is a South African refugee who's family fled the Apartheid regime, making him one of two Commonwealth leaders of South African origin, the other being Helen Zille of New Zealand. Much like New Zealand, Newfoundland's position on African refugees has long been the subject of debate within the country, with the two main parties, the United Nation and Democratic parties strongly supporting an open immigration policy and ensuring that the refugees from Africa are able to find a safe home. Whilst others such as the Heritage and Alliance'49 parties have campaigned against further African immigration, calling for "Newfoundland for Newfoundlanders". The country has also seen a rise in support for leaving the Commonwealth, largely in opposition to the ongoing War in Burma and the African refugee question, whilst republicanism has become a mainstream part of the political discussion, culminating in the 2009 flag referendum which replace the Red Ensign with the Newfoundland Tricolor.