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How many times did New England ever have to go into coalition with other parties?

While it's not common at all, there have been many times in recent memory that a coalition government has gone into power. For the most part, it is between the Conservatives and Parti Francophone (or its predecessor Bloc Acadien). The two-party system is fairly stable, however. Labour hasn't needed a coalition partner since the 1970s, when Edmund Muskie used Liberal support to become, and remain, Prime Minister for sometime before achieving a majority.

How did the hurricane of 1938 affect New England?

I'd say it occurred much the same as OTL, only slightly worse on Long Island. Landfall was close to Southampton, which is the capital of Long Island, and thus far more infrastructure and population in that specific region. The hurricane knocked out railway lines connecting Southampton to Brooklyn, and ruined communication between Long Island and Connecticut, as the storm would have blown out the telegraph/telephone stations that connected the two islands. The Long Island Bridge hadn't yet been constructed, so there wasn't any damage done there.
 
Can you do a wikibox for the results of the New England general election, 2004?

Or maybe for all the elections?

I'll totally start on 2004, but I do plan on doing all of the elections dating back to the first at some point! This is only a one person show still, and I'm still on holiday so I don't have all the free time I want to work on all this! I have the PEI and Adirondack boxes in progress, and I am working on two maps currently. One of Europe, and one of the City of Hartford. I'll add the 2004 election to my list.
 
New England general election, 2005
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The 2005 General Election was held on 6 February 2005 amidst a swirling controversy over the impropriety of the ministers of the government of John Kerry, nearly all of whom were believed to be personally involved in tax fraud, using government resources to spy on the personal lives of Conservative MPs, breaking and entering, as well as falsification of records. As the scandal broke, MPs began to quit the Labour Party, and a motion of no confidence quickly passed.

Despite the near doomed status of the party, Prime Minister Kerry remained at the leadership of the party, mostly because there was no one willing to challenge him for the leadership, nor did anyone want to attempt to salvage the party's fortunes. As Labour collapsed, former MPs from the party's centre split off to form the Reform Party, headed by Shawn Graham. The party's left-wing organised under the former Deputy leader Barbara Boxer as the Socialist Alternative Party, while party stalwarts attempted to remain with Labour. Polls showed that Labour was in danger of losing all of their seats, a move which would be unprecedented in New England politics.

The Conservatives traversed the country, ensuring every voter knew of the misdeeds committed by Labour, but also put forth a new vision for the country, seeking to end each speech on a positive note, and to bring a sense of pride and unity to the country which had been bitterly shaken awake by the corruption. Voter turnout was the highest for a modern New England election at 82.3%, and the Conservative Party had won the most votes of any political party in New England history, capturing 8.8 million votes.

Despite the banner year for the Conservatives, Parti Francophone swept Labour seats across northern New England, and even garnered the most votes in New Brunswick. A few Conservatives in marginal seats even lost to the insurgent party, to the point where they claimed the position of second largest party in Parliament, allowing them to form the official opposition. This would usher in, as political historians have dubbed it, one of the strangest Government and Opposition relationships in parliamentary history. Given the right-leaning nature of both parties, and the fact that the two had been in coalition with each other only very recently, there was little the Opposition actually opposed the Government on. It was the centrist Shawn Graham who had the position of offering any real opposition to the government, but since he held no official title, it was only very rare that he had the opportunity to speak directly to the government ministers.

The Reform Party had been founded upon the idea of rebranding the Labour Party as a whole, and moving it more towards the centre and to distance it from its socialist roots. A main goal of Graham's was to merge Kerry's "New Labour" with the old Liberal Party from the past, and the collapse of Labour (as well as Barbara Boxer losing her riding in Long Island), was his opportunity to do so. While even the most pessimistic projections showed that Reform would manage at minimum 45 seats, the actual 20 it came in at was devastating to his chance to claim the mantle of the main party to oppose the Conservatives. Surging Conservative turnout, as well as three-way vote splitting in many urban areas, saw Conservatives win seats that they had not held since the turn of the (20th) century.

Barbara Boxer attempted to claim her share of the Labour Party by resigning and announcing the formation of the Socialist Alternative, which sought to bring the party more to the left, and to ignore Kerry's "New Labour," and pledged to raise taxes on the wealthy and corporations, as well as to expand New England's already generous social services. With signs of a growing economy from Kerry's tax reforms, there was little appetite for a reverse to what many agreed was a "broken" system. Boxer herself was tainted in her association with Labour, she had been, after all, the Deputy Leader. While her new party still managed to garner more votes than Labour, Boxer lost her riding, and the party soon found itself in disarray.

Another huge success was the Green Party, which saw its first MP come from the initial Labour resignations, with Carolyn McCarthy joining the party before Parliament dissolved. While she lost her seat in the election, the Green Party was successful in electing two MPs, the first ever federal victories for the Green Party, where they have maintained parliamentary representation ever since.

The year also saw 18 Independents elected, the largest number in recent memory. Many of them had previously been Labour MPs, but several newcomers were able to win seats as well. So remarkable was their vote share, that the Governor General had to rule that several Independent candidates who stood in ridings and came in second were eligible to be sent to the New England Senate, an extraordinary exception to the Constitution brought about because of the record-breaking 6.17% of the vote Independent candidates received. Both Prime Minister Kerry (who had not yet been released from his office) and the New England Supreme Court ruled this a violation of the Constitution, and the Senate was redistributed according to the non-Independent vote share. The Senate saw 75 Conservatives, 12 Reform, 6 Parti Francophone, 6 Socialist Alternative, 4 Labour, and 2 Green Senators enter the chamber as a result of the Supreme Court's ruling.
 
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New England general election, 2009
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The 2009 General Election was held on 14 June 2009 as a result of the New England Elections Act, the date being set as close to the latest legally allowed (9 August 2009; 4 years and 6 months from the last election) by Prime Minister Donald Carcieri, as his Conservative Party was met with fierce criticism over the decision to support the British manpower surge into Burma, and his government's refusal to hold a vote outside of Parliament on leaving the Commonwealth of Nations. To compound the bad news for the Conservatives, the world economy had taken a nosedive, and the country had entered into a deep recession.

Opposition to the Conservatives had finally returned to the Labour Party, as the Socialist Alternative MPs had shifted back to Labour during the legislative term, and Barbara Boxer was increasingly unpopular, attempting (and failing) at standing in the seat she lost in 2004.

Francophone's inability to offer a real opposition to the Conservatives cost them dearly, as many of their voter simply voted for the Conservatives instead, and seats which they obtained in southern New England were lost to Labour.

Graham's Reform Party slipped in support, and failed to have candidates stand in all 255 ridings, which they had previous promised they would do, and had done in the previous election. While Graham had planned on being a Centrist party, their members were more right of centre, which further resulted in a loss of potential Labour voters.

The real story of the election was the return of the Labour Party, which had been written off as being unable to contest any future elections in New England and that their brand was done. In an attempt to rebrand the party, Labour elected Paul Kirk, the former President of Statistics New England, as their leader. He had previous sat in Parliament as a backbencher, and made news when he was the first MP to quit both the Labour Party and Parliament in disgust over the actions taken by the Government.

Kirk campaigned on a message of change, all of the Labour Party had been decimated by the 2005 election, and he made it known that his team was new and untarnished by the chaos. He also heavily criticised the government's handling of the economic crisis, pledging an infrastructure bill as well as tax cuts. He undercut both the left and the right by pledging to be a force of moderation, something that greatly angered Graham and the Reform Party, who attempted to attack Kirk and Labour by saying they were simply attempting to copy their platform.

Despite losing once again, Ralph Nader's Green Party saw both of their MPs returned. Labour became the largest party in Parliament, with 110 seats, one more than the Conservative's 109. With Graham losing his seat in New Brunswick, the Reform MPs agreed to a supply and confidence agreement with Kirk's minority government, simply to ensure the Conservatives were not returned to power, but to ensure Reform would not be linked to Labour in an official coalition.
 
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Question: In 2005 acccording to the infobox Socialist Alternative gained 10 seats and in the write-up you mention 6 seats. That was the result of the Supreme Court allowing the large number of independents to be seated, correct? And based on the 2009 infobox five out of the six seats by Socialist Alternative had switched/"defected" back to Labour, or do I interpret it wrongly?

Oh and in general: this is an excellent collection of stuff ^^
 
Question: In 2005 acccording to the infobox Socialist Alternative gained 10 seats and in the write-up you mention 6 seats. That was the result of the Supreme Court allowing the large number of independents to be seated, correct? And based on the 2009 infobox five out of the six seats by Socialist Alternative had switched/"defected" back to Labour, or do I interpret it wrongly?

Oh and in general: this is an excellent collection of stuff ^^

S.A. obtained 10 Seats in the House of Commons, and 6 in the Senate. The Senate is appointed differently, all parties submit a list of 105 people to become a Senator, and Elections New England will choose from that list and appoint the Senate. Given the nature of Independents (they have no party), there was no list to submit. Thus, the Governor General attempted to select independents who fell short in Commons elections, but this was struck down by the Supreme Court.

By 2009, 9 Socialist Alternative MPs defected to Labour.
 
Who are the spacefaring powers? How advanced is space travel?

(All in order of achievement)

Manned Mars Landing:
United States (Planned: 2030)

Lunar Base:
Soviet Union (Planned: 2021)

Manned Lunar Landings:
United States (First: 1972; Last: 2007)
Soviet Union (First: 1977; Last: 2015)
United Kingdom (First & Last: 1986)

Manned Earth Orbit:
Soviet Union (First: 1961; Last: 2018)
United States (First: 1961; Last: 2018)
United Kingdom (First: 1962; Last: 2016)
Germany (First: 1970; Last: 2017)
New England/Canada (First: 1976; Last: 2017)
France (First: 1981; Last: 2009)
Italy (First & Last: 1990)

Solar System Probes
Soviet Union [Lunar] 1959
United States [Lunar] 1959
United Kingdom [Lunar] 1961
Soviet Union [Mars] 1962
United States [Venus] 1962
United States [Mars] 1964
Soviet Union [Venus] 1966
United Kingdom [Venus] 1967
United Kingdom [Mercury] 1967
United States [Mercury] 1967
Soviet Union [Jupiter] 1973
Germany [Lunar] 1974
United States [Jupiter, Saturn] 1974, 1979
United States [Uranus, Neptune] 1986, 1989
New England/Canada [Lunar] 1992
New England/Canada [Jupiter, Saturn] 2002, 2005
United States [Pluto] 2015
SpaceX [Mars] 2016

Satellites
Soviet Union 1957
United States 1958
United Kingdom 1961
New England/Canada 1964
Germany 1964
France 1966
Italy 1970
Japan 1973
Israel/South Africa 1988
Spain 1998
Brazil 2003
Poland 2008
SpaceX 2008
Vietnam 2010
 
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Can you tell us a little about the German government? since there was no ww2 It must be interesting.

Germany is headed by the President of Germany (Reichspräsident) who is elected for a seven-year term renewable indefinitely by a direct election using a two-round system. The President maintains broad powers, many of which are never used or exercised only at the will of the Chancellor (Reichskanzler). The Reichstag is the parliamentary body of Germany (Deutsches Reich) which is split into two Chambers, the Reichstag and Reichsrat. Universal suffrage over the age of 18 elects members of the Reichstag, which deals with the majority of the legislation of the country, and is where the Chancellor must sit. Members are elected in single-member constituencies. The Reichsrat is appointed by state legislatures, each based on their population (Prussia, being the largest state in Germany, dominates this chamber).

Germany is divided into Free States (Freistaats) and Free and Hanseatic Cities (Freie und Hansestadt):

Free States:
Anhalt
Baden
Bavaria
Brunswick
Hesse
Lippe
Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mecklenburg-Sterlitz
Oldenburg
Prussia
Saxony
Schaumburg-Lippe
Thuringia
Württemberg

Free and Hanseatic Cities:
Bremen
Danzig
Hamburg
Lübeck

Each State and Free City are Republics, with legislatures elected directly by the people. Bavaria and Prussia are the only two states with an upper chamber, which representation is given to the state's provinces.

The system greatly resembles a Westminster parliamentary system due to the fact that the Commonwealth had aided Germany in the civil war against the Communists, and were instrumental in assisting the fledgling group of anti-Communists, while being mindful to promote those more prone to democracy, not wishing to side with the monarchists and other hard-right figures. Instead, the British worked with Zentrum, SPD, and the German Democratic Party to help establish a parliamentary republic.

Today, the political scene revolves around the two largest parties, the Social Democratic Party and the German Democratic Party, each representing the broad centre-left and centre-right respectively. Zentrum had merged into the DDP in the 1960s, along with the Bavarian People's Party. German nationalists and monarchists still remain a strong force, with the National People's Party (unrelated to the similar but defunct German National People's Party, which started the disastrous war with the Soviet Union) being the catch-all for the right to far-right elements of the electorate. The German National Worker's Party is the third-largest fascist party in Europe, holding similar beliefs to the Fascist Party in Italy (the largest and current opposition party in Italy). The German National Worker's Party has never been in government nor in the Opposition, and its appeal is mostly limited to those with little job opportunities and as a protest vote.

The Polish Party represents the still sizable Polish minority in eastern Germany, concentrated in upper Silesia and southern East Prussia, as the region has historically been home to Polish people, but had become a destination of refugee for escapees of the Communist regime in Poland. In Prussia, the Polish Party is split into two, contesting constituencies that are majority Polish, but federally, they are a unified party which allies itself with either the SPD or the DDP depending on their stance on Polish issues. Roughly 4 million Polish people live in Prussia alone, with another estimated half a million living in other states in Germany.
 
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