MotF 198: Vae Victis

MotF 198: Vae Victis

The Challenge

Make a map depicting the consequences of a war for the losing side.
The Restrictions
There are no restrictions on when the PoD of your map should be. Fantasy, sci-fi, and future maps are allowed.

If you're not sure whether your idea meets the criteria of this challenge, please feel free to PM me or comment in the main thread.
Entries will end for this round when the voting thread is posted on Monday, June 17th, 2019.

Any discussion must take place in the main thread. If you post anything other than a map entry (or a description accompanying a map entry) in this thread then you will be asked to delete the post.
Correction for the European History Exam for Extensive 4 leval.

Topic 1 : The "Italian Concerto", from the beginning to the current situation.

1 From this blank map of Italy before the Italian Wars, display all the border changes, the name of the new states, and the designated rulers as they were intended to happen adter the Conference of Placenza. You will only use your personal knowledges as well as the documents in front of you. /12

To get all the 12 points, you needed to display all these informations :

1 In Aosta was to be held a referendum on the future of the Valley : would Aosta be integrated to France or as a new Swiss canton ? The outcome was in favor of the Swiss option.
2 The Principality of Monaco, Mentone and Roccabruna. The Prince of Florestan I Grimaldi.

2 What were the differences with Italy in 1854 ? Explain the reasons of these changes. /8

Were awaited at least 3 elements out of 4 to have the maximal grade.

- The Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Napoli were held under personnal union by Louis I di Borbone, because his older brother abdicated in his favor soon after his coronation. The former King then became Mayor of Napoli, and Prime Minister of Napoli during the four first years of his older brother's reign.

- The Principality of Parma, the Kingdom of Lumbardy and the Principality of Modena are associated to each others, having a common military, a common diplomacy, and a common currency, the Crowned Lyra. The interests of the three states were evident, as the Kingdom lacked a port and the two principalities were looking for allies.

- The Kingdom of Umbria could not elect it's prince, for the first result was the ever-troublemaking Count of Cavour. As a result, Louise de Bourbon, sister of the King of the French Henri V, was made Queen. This caused great unrest in the Kingdom until the Queen showed her good intentions and devotion to her new country.

- The Principality of Monaco, Mentone and Roccabruna never became truly independent, as they signed a treaty with France soon after their independence, making the Principality a semi-dependency of the French Crown.
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The Nations of the Danube

A History of the Nations of the Danube

When one Gavrilo Princip failed to assassinate the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand, everyone thought a crisis had been narrowly avoided. However, what followed was arguably even worse.

Less than one year later, Franz Ferdinand became the emperor of the Central European power he was born in. As he was an advocate of the movement for federalization, his first action was the creation of the Federated States of Austria-Hungary. Autonomous governing bodies were created for many distinct regions. That didn’t mean he was open to all ethnicities within his empire’s borders, though; for example, he was much more friendly to the South Slavs than to the Hungarians. In the end, his reforms only made each part of the Empire drift further apart.

In February 1916, a crisis erupted between France and Germany between colonial claims, eventually extending to continental Europe. On the 15th of February, George Clemenceau delivered an ultimatum calling for the return of Alsace-Lorraine, which was promptly ignored by the Kaiser. War broke out, and the powers of the Entente, Britain and Russia, immediately took France’s side. Emperor Franz Ferdinand joined Germany’s side based on their defensive pact. And so, war broke out.

Austria-Hungary initially had to fought only in the Eastern Front, but even there they faced difficulties against the Imperial Russian forces. Things got worse when Italy joined the war, forcing the Dual Monarchy to split their troops. After 3 years, in 1919, few things had changed. Two years later, the war was still raging despite all predictions, and had expanded to the Balkans. Once the Allies seemed to be winning in the troubled region to the south of Austria-Hungary, problems began to appear. The country was fighting in two fronts again (Russia had made peace after revolutions and civil war), and by this point was still alive only due to German backing. Mutinies were common, and more and more revolutionary organizations were being formed.

In 1922, the Dual Monarchy reached its breaking point. The German-Austrian forces in the Balkans completely collapsed, and one by one, major cities there were falling. Salonika, Skopje, Tirana, even Belgrade fell. Once Belgrade had been reached, the road to the interior of the Empire was open. That was when revolution occurred in every corner of it, from Bohemia to Transylvania. The Allies initially supported any movement that they could agree with, but soon started sweeping through the Hungarian Plains and Illyria on their own. In 1924, the structure of Austria-Hungary was completely absent. Numerous rebel movements were fighting the Entente and A-H Army, and were also often fighting between them. This conflict that raged even after the end of the Great War was ended in 1925 with the Treaty of Nice.

The Treaty of Nice established a system often known informally as the “Danubian Power Balance”, where all nations carved out of the former Empire were purposefully weak and dependent on the Entente for aid and support. Their army was limited, and their government also had limited power. The nations of the Danube were mostly based on ethnic boundaries, which has helped the stability, but no one pretends the group of nations is stable. Nationalism is on the rise, especially in Czechia (mainly against the Sudetenland) and Hungary. And with tensions also rising all over the globe and a new war approaching, the Danubian powder keg could erupt at any moment.
Whelp, here's my first ever MotF entry, which I named "Free Our Comrades!" This map is supposed to be a piece of Russian propaganda from my timeline Man-Made Hell: A History of the Great War and Beyond, with the map depicting territory lost by the Russian Soviet Republic in an alternate Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

The map was apparently too large to upload as a file, so it can instead be found here

Excerpt from National Geographic Society's "The War of Persuasion: Propaganda of the Great War," published circa 1968

From its very inception, the Russian Soviet Republic's history was defined by warfare. The discontent that led to the Russian Civil War emerged from Phase One of the Great War, in which the backwater and extremely aristocratic Russian Empire was decisively defeated by the German Empire and her allies within the Central Powers, and the Soviet Republic itself was forged from a nearly three year-long civil war against the monarchist White Army and the social democratic Green Army.

Therefore, the Russian people were obviously tired of endless warfare by the time the Red Army secured most of Russia west of the Ural Mountains. As Leon Trotsky began his infamous campaign eastward into Siberia, Vladimir Lenin negotiated a peace agreement with the Central Powers in 1918 at Brest-Litovsk that established numerous German puppet states in eastern Europe and recognized the independence of a German-aligned Ukrainian Republic. Handing over some of Russia's most valuable territory to German imperialism was far from popular, however, it was viewed as necessary to end the Eastern Front and pull Russia out of the Great War.

After the Red Army won the Russian Civil War and Victor Chernov's Russian Democratic Federative Republic was exiled to Siberia, the Russian Soviet Republic began to rapidly industrialize under the leadership of Premier Vladimir Lenin. Even if the Eastern Front had fallen silent, the Great War still raged on in the west. The buildup of the Red Army only further accelerated when the Second French Revolution began following the escalation of mutinies in 1921 into a civil war between the French Third Republic and socialist French Commune, and the Comintern continued to expand into the frontlines of the Great War when a trade union strike in Great Britain turned violent in 1922, leading to the formation of the Workers' Commonwealth.

Things only got worse as fascism, a reactionary ideology that served as the antithesis to Marxism, rose in the Kingdom of Italy under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. A ceasefire may have been declared on the Western Front by German forces, who were ordered not to interfere in the Second French Revolution, but Soviet-German tensions were continuing to grow, especially as the fascist German Fatherland Party of Alfred Hugenberg rose to prominence in the Reichstag. In the January of 1923, Hugenberg assumed the position of chancellor, promoted intervention in France, and ultimately declared war on the French Commune. This infuriated the Soviets, who had been building up their military force for four years by this point, thus leading to a Soviet declaration war on the German Empire in the February of 1923 and the beginning of Phase Two of the Great War.

As General Leon Trotsky began his invasion of eastern Europe through the Principality of Belarus, the Soviet war machine was completely mobilized, and propaganda was distributed throughout Russia. This particular propaganda poster (named "Free Our Comrades!") was produced early into Phase Two and depicts German puppet regimes in eastern Europe as oppressive pawns of Berlin, keen on exploiting the East European proletariat, whilst also depicting the Soviet Republic as the liberator of eastern Europe. It is worth noting that the Principality of Belarus is labelled as "West Belarus" to invoke a mindset that Germany split the Belorussian region in two, while Germany is labelled with the more hostile and reactionary name "Imperialist Germany."

Title translation:

"Free our Comrades!
Victims of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty"

Bottom translation:

"Years after vile imperialists forced us to give up a huge tract of land in Brest-Litovsk Treaty for peace, thousands of our comrades have since suffered from German imperialism.

Poland faces a new division between Germany and Austria-Hungary, and further degradation of Polish sovereignty is inevitable ...
Ukraine, once free from German and tsarist oppression, is now ruled by a fascist tyrant...
Our Belarusian comrades lost half of their nation to the German puppet regime ...
The Baltic proletariat is oppressed by the German bourgeoisie ...

We will free our comrades!
We will return what was lost in 1918!
We will always protect the east from imperialism!"

(Link if it doesn't load)

Finland loses the winter war.

The Mannerheim line was renowned as unbreakable, and this reputation would be proven by the first months of the Winter War, but as the war went on Finland's situation was becoming dire, and on March 5 1940 the red army finally managed to break through, the situation was thight but maybe by pure luck, they managed to take the city of Vyborg within the next week, the finnish peace delegation which was proposing peace was refused, now confident, Stalin decided to keep the army fighting, and eventually, it won against a Finland on its last legs. By late April 1940, as Germany was invading Norway, Finland surrendered. The state's sovereignty was compromised and it was annexed into the Soviet Union as a SSR. In germany this finnish defeat was a dissapointment, but the trouble the red army had invading it was a proof of the inferiority of the Soviet Union.

The Border between the Soviet Union and Sweden would be extremely tense, in Sweden while the opinion was still mostly for peace, it became clear that the largest threat was the USSR and not Germany. This threat would materialze in May 1943 when the USSR, having inflicted important defeat to the germans, decided to take the important iron supply of germany, the mine of Kiruna, which extracted 90% of the iron in Europe. The mine would be taken by september despite an impressive showing by the swedish army. As Stalin didn't want to expense too much ressources attacking sweden the frontline would become frozen until the last months of the war in Sweden.

When Germany finally surrendered, the red army had firm control of large parts of Northern Norway and Sweden, at the Potsdam conference their fate was crucial. Stalin wanted the Kiruna mines as well as strategic ports like Narvik's, it would be a direct threat to the american control of the north atlantic, the red army also occupied sweden and norway as south as trondheim and Gävle and could easily keep them. Eventually a compromise was reached, the red army would retreat much further north, Sweden would become neutral and the USSR could carve a weirdly shapped region from Sweden and Norway that would contain mines and important ports. Svalbard would be annexed into the USSR and given to the Murmansk Oblast. Finally it would be decided that the northern half of the finnish lapland would be added to this state, mostly as a punishment for the failed Helsinki uprising in 1942 which diverted precious troops away from the frontline.

In this sparsely populated new state, most Swedes and Norwegian that didn't have their roots in the region and hadn't already fled during the war quickly fled. While Russians quickly settled in important towns and cities. However many finns and norwegians who had been living there for centuries stayed, to further keep them in check, Stalin decided to get the Samis, the indigenous population of Northern Scandinavia, who are traditionaly reindeer herder (but many lived in cities at the time), on their side. The Area was given the status of Autonomous SSR "dedicated" to the Samis, the few thousands of them living in the Murmansk Oblast were deported. In he new ASSR, Sami culture and identity was promoted, large fishing rights were taken away from Norwegians and given to Samis. Many Norwegians and Finns had however partial Sami Ancestry, just like many Samis also had Norwegian Ancestry, and this official policy pushed some to "reclaim" their identity, further alienating Norwegians and Finns. The Sami writing was standardised and it became a main language of teaching. The Result was a sami population that was a plurality in the ASSR, but also very heterogeneous, with more than half their population being of mixed ancestry, many who did not speak the language nativelly, and the standardisation of the language neglected the reality of the various dialect, many being only very slightly intelligible with others.

The ASSR had an important role during the cold war, the Soviet naval and submarine base was a direct threat to American control over the Northern Atlantic, and it was a central component that led to the Norwegian crisis in 1982, the threatening soviet presence also was a direct cause of the US' chrome dome operation in the north atlantic and the Husavik incident in 1965, during which a nuclear bomb fell and contaminated several dozen km² of land in Iceland, which would lead to its exit from NATO. Internally most of the development focused on military and the exploitation of the ASSR's ressources, mostly hydrological and mineral. These two would cuase problems however, the creation of several dams would flood signficiant parts of the country and force some Sami Herder out, who often had to leave the countryside. The intensive exploitation of the Kiruna (now named Badje-Sohppar after its northern Sami name) would cause a deadly mudslim that would claim the lives of 70 peoples in 1987.

Eventually the Iron Curtain fell and the Soviet Union collapsed, as an ASSR its status was a matter of debate, but after seeing the declaration of independace of Finland, and since it had its own identity and had signficiant ressources, it decided to become independant, although Russian presence in some naval bases was kept. Many Norwegians and the remaining swedes quickly left to their wealthier southern Neighbours. The 1990s had a chaotic politics, the transiton to a market economy was laborious, and conflict between the Russian, Sami and the small Norwegian and Finnish as well as within the diverse Sami population resulted in political gridlocks. This prevented the country from quickly integrating the european economy and EU contrary to some of the other post soviet states. Eventually in the early 2000s as the situation was becoming more stable it started to open itself an promote tourism, after a decade iit would become one of the main cornerstone of the country's small economy, and it became a candidate at European membership in 2011, with the process expected to end during the next decade. The country's population is one of the smallest in europe at 330,000 , and it is the least densely populated. Self Identified Samis make up nearly 140,000, most however are of mixed ancestry and live in cities. Most large cities are diverse, often having similar sized Sami and Russian/Ukrainian population and smaller norwegian and finnish populations, while the countryside is very sparsely populated, mostly by Samis.
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