MotF 144: Res Publica

MotF 144: Res Publica

The Challenge

Make a map of a further integrated European Union or alternate equivalent.

The Restrictions
There are no restrictions on when your PoD or map may be set. Fantasy, sci-fi, and future maps are allowed, but blatantly implausible (ASB) maps are not

If you're not sure whether your idea meets the criteria of this challenge, please feel free to PM me.

Please try to keep images posted in this thread a reasonable size - feel free to post a smaller version of your image and provide link to a full-size version if you want to.


The entry period for this round shall end when the voting thread is posted on Sunday, September 18th.



Any discussion must take place in the main thread. If you post anything other than a map entry (or a description accompanying a map entry) in this thread then you will be asked to delete the post. If you refuse to delete the post, post something that is clearly disruptive or malicious, or post spam then you may be disqualified from entering in this round of MotF and you may be reported to the board's moderators.

Remember to vote on the previous MotF round!
United States of Europe


"Europe thus divided into nationalities freely formed and free internally, peace between States would have become easier: the United States of Europe would become a possibility."
- Napoleon Bonaparte [1]​

Welcome to the United States of Europe. In this universe, things went very differently in the Napoleonic Wars, and Napoleon himself became convinced of the wisdom of preserving the Continental System, rather than continuing on the warpath (except, of course, for a new Crusade against the Ottoman Empire, taking all its European lands for France). After his death, his successor, an alternate Napoleon II [2], carried out many actions that would he believed would aid in preserving French hegemony over the continent. Ironically, almost all of these actions involved giving up French power in some way. The first was the re-distribution of land among France and her more directly controlled puppets [3], and the granting of independence to many lands under French rule [4]. The second was the creation of a "European Council," made up of representatives from all the nations of Europe who would come together and "advise" (read: decide the line to tread for) the various national governments on matters of foreign policy and trade.

There was, of course, some opposition to the greater integration in Europe, or as many saw it, the extension of French influence into the domestic policies of nominally independent states. The greatest center of this opposition was the Austrian Empire, who saw Napoleon II willingly lessening the French grip on Europe and mistook it for weakness on the part of France and decided to pull out of the Continental System. This did not go well for them. It took just one full year for not just the Grande Armée, but a multitude of smaller national militaries, to crush the Austrian Empire. After the defeat of Austria, the European Council made the decision to dismember it. They threw large chunks to states who had contributed greatly to the war effort (and had natural claims on said chunks) [5], and granting independence to Bohemia-Moravia and Hungary, who had revolted and switched sides in the middle of the war.

As the European Council grew ever more powerful after the Austrian Revolt (as it was termed), many powerful multinational political groups began to question its undemocratic nature as a secretive, unelected group of power brokers. After years of mounting pressure to reform the Continental System's shared government, which had become bloated and somewhat redundant, with no actual direction behind the growing of its bureaucracy, the European Council made an announcement that would shock the world: the Continental System was to be disbanded. In its place, the United States of Europe would govern an ever closer union of European states through its central decision-making body, the 400-member Senate. [6]

While the political "parties" in the European Senate are more faction-like, most having no official structure or whips, it still follows a parliamentary structure partially based upon the British one, with a far-less-powerful President of the Senate taking the place of the Prime Minister. [7] The Senate's faction-parties are vague enough that every representative can be grouped into one of four groups:​
  • Jacobins — Have evolved into proto-socialists in some ways, supporting strong government, greater social spending, and interventionist economic policies in most areas. However, they are strongly free-trade (within the borders of the USE), deeply militarist, and have adopted some slightly more conservative social policies to compete with the Catholics. Highly federalist, and would prefer abolishing the various monarchies in the states where they still exist. Are seen as the “party of the establishment” in the USE in many ways. Bases of support include: France, the various formerly French or French-liberated states (i.e. Illyria, Greece, etcetera), Moldavia-Wallachia (thanks to their militarism in the face of Russia), and Poland. Will coalition with Liberals or Catholics.​
  • Liberals — Your standard classical liberals. Pro-free trade, anti-interventionist, anti-military, anti-Church. Most would prefer the abolishment of the monarchies, but will settle for constitutional monarchies. Are more confederalist than federalist—want to see more unions within the USE (i.e. Italy, Germany, etcetera). Bases of support include: parts of the Rhine, Northern Italy, Batavia, Switzerland, Bohemia-Moravia and Denmark. Will coalition with Jacobins and some Regionalist parties.​
  • Catholics — Exist as a reaction to the Jacobins’ and Liberals’ largely secular outlooks. Is deeply socially conservative, favors absolute monarchies (though it has no official line on the Union), and advocates the establishment of the Catholic Church as the official state religion of the USE. Is also very pro-interventionist and classically conservative. Takes much of the base of support away from Regionalist parties where it is strong. Bases of support include: Southern Italy (esp. the Papal States), Spain, and parts of the Rhine. Will coalition with anyone that offers concessions for them.​
  • Regionalists — Not a single party, but a sweeping category of various localist parties that advocate everything from a weakening of the Union to its total dissolution. They vary on every other issue, from monarchists to communists to extreme Protestants. Bases of support include: Hungary, Prussia, and the Balkans. Most parties will not coalition, though some will with various other parties.​

[1] - OTL quote

[2] - Or so the USE-approved history books of TTL say. In the reality of TTL, he was really more of a puppet of his advisors.

[3] - Formerly directly-ruled French land was given to Italy and the Rhine, as well as some extra land for Batavia that it hadn't ruled before being conquered by Napoleon I.

[4] - Batavia, the Papal States, Illyria, Bosnia, Serbia, Greece, Bulgaria, Albania, and Sardinia were all given independence.

[5] - The Rhenish got Austria proper, the Poles got about 2/3 of Galicia-Lodomeria, and Moldavia-Wallachia got the other 1/3.

[6] - Originally, the Senate made only foreign policy and trade decisions, but now it commands the USE's integrated military (though not the individual state militaries that still exist) and the USE's various social programs.

[7] - The President of the Senate basically serves the same function as the OTL USA's Speaker of the House, with one or two differences.
The direct origins of the Union of Islamic Republics come from the Syrian and Iraqi Civil Wars of the 2010s, in which Iran supported the governments of those countries in defeating Da’esh and, in Syria, various other groups rebelling against their government. After Iraq and Syria had been fully stabilized in 2019, the alliance between the three was formalized as the Middle East Council.

Iran, Iraq, and Syria had in common that they were all led by Shia Muslims. The great majority of Iran is Shia, and following the 2018 secession of Iraqi Kurdistan and with it not only Kurdish Sunnis but many Arab Sunnis, so was Iraq. Although Shias were a minority in Syria, the highly destructive war had disproportionately affected Sunni regions, increasing the Shia proportion in the country.

The Middle East Council was opposed by Saudi Arabia and its allies, as well as Israel. Following a series of failed interventions in the region, the United States was hit by a wave of isolationism and, though still an opponent of the MEC, was much less involved in the region than they had been just a few years ago.

In 2020, Yemen entered the MEC- or, more specifically, the Iran-supported ‘Houthi government’ of Yemen did, which was opposed by the Saudi-supported ‘Hadi government’. Meanwhile, the authoritarian monarchy of Saudi Arabia was seeing increasing opposition within itself. With greatly decreased economic and military ties to America, Saudi Arabia was having greater difficulty holding itself together. In a repeat of what had occurred in many Arab countries a decade earlier, protests became riots, and when the government intervened with force, it broke out into warfare. Rebellions broke out in other Gulf states- Qatar, Bahrain, and the UAE. The MEC countries initially provided non-military support to these rebels, but soon they had troops on the ground and the entire Arabian peninsula was in a state of war, the only neutral country being Oman. With their popular support, the MEC quickly gained the upper hand.

Within a year, a new order existed in the Arabian peninsula. Saudi Arabia was trisected- the west became the neutral Republic of Hejaz, the center was a remnant Saudi Arabia, and the Shia-majority east was the East Arabian Republic, a member of the MEC. A small area in the south was also given to Yemen. Bahrain, no longer under the Al-Khalifa monarchy, was also a MEC country. Qatar and the UAE were in an unusual position. The majority of their residents had been foreign workers, most of which had fled. These territories were placed under an MEC military government, which was quite harsh to the remaining population. People from other parts of the MEC were encouraged to immigrate and become a ‘replacement population’. Eventually, the territory that had formerly been Qatar and the UAE became the Islamic Republic of the South Persian Gulf, an Iranian puppet even more so than other MEC countries.

In addition, the Middle East Council was renamed the Union of Islamic Republics, and became closer to a supranational union than a simple alliance. This union’s capital would be a new city along the Iran-Iraq border and near the Persian Gulf called Hidahta in Farsi and Al-Ittihad in Arabic, meaning ‘Unification’.

In the 2020s, the UIR took advantage of troubles in the decaying post-Soviet regimes in the Central Asian nations, gaining influence over changing regimes. Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan joined the UIR. Even the remnant Saudi state failed to hold power, and following a UIR-backed coup, it became the Islamic Republic of Najd and joined the UIR.

Meanwhile, Afghanistan was destabilizing. Its government was weak, and the Taliban was regaining power, as were other insurgent movements. This had a destabilizing effect on eastern Iran, including several terrorist attacks occurring in the region. The UIR had enough of this, and in 2034 they invaded Afghanistan to restore stability. After some years of military occupation, they unexpectedly made the move to dissolve Afghanistan. Iran annexed the western portion, much of it Farsi-speaking, Tajikistan gained the Tajik areas in the northeast, and the remnant became the Republic of Pashtunistan.

In 2040, the Union of Islamic Republics has made further moves toward unification, prompting debate over whether it should at this point be considered a single country. Its members retain different systems of government and separate UN seats, but the UIR has a unified military, a semi-unified economy, and unified foreign relations. Its most recent entries are Oman, in which an increasingly centralizing monarchy prompted a UIR-sponsored revolution, and the Islamic Republic of Eritrea, which was created after a civil war in Eritrea ended in a ceasefire and the small eastern half looked the UIR for protection. Although the UIR’s central government is a parliament elected democratically from each republic, individual member states have varying levels of democracy.

The UIR was once strongly backed by Russia, but various disputes have decayed their relationship. Now, they look toward India, Europe, and ironically, now the USA, which is ending its isolationist period, for allies. They need these allies to help defend against a Turkish, Egyptian, and Pakistani alliance created to defend against further UIR expansion and provide an alternative power in the Muslim world.

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The European Federation was created in 2024, consisting of the "inner circle" of EU members who desired full political union.

As of 2046, it is very much a federal state akin to the United States. The Federation is the second-largest economy in the world, after China and just ahead of the United States; it possesses nuclear weapons and has a spot on the UN Security Council.

In the end, Eastern European countries proved to be more receptive to full political union than Western European countries, and the center of gravity of the European economy has steadily drifted eastwards. In 2041, it was decided to move the European Federation's capital from Brussels to a central location in Brcko, which is undergoing massive expansion; Brcko is slated to become a cosmopolitan city with a predicted population of 9 million by 2060. Also in 2041, some of the larger member states were divided up; this was a very controversial move and protests against the partitions still occur five years later.

So I spent the bulk of the last 3 weeks working on my pitch for "Res Publica" and amassed a fair pile of notes, incoherently ranging from the 1890s to the 1970s. Admittedly I should've worked way more and much faster on the actual map but I kind of got caught up in the idea.
What follows is a very brief summary of the story behind the "Danubian Union"...

  • The crucial divergence period is the turn of the century (late 1890s, early 1900s)
  • WW1-analogue is caused by a Russo-German dispute and pitches the Entente (Russia, France) against the CP (Germany, A-H), with lots of nations joining in as it progresses (1907-1911)
  • Franz Joseph I. dies in 1908
  • a Bolshevik Revolution is largely unsuccessful in Russia but Germany shifts to the left after the war
  • Franz II. is assasinated in Budapest 1916, allowing Karl to implement the reforms Franz had been pushing for
  • Trialism is adopted in a modified version
  • Interwar Period-analogue sees shifts to the right in France, Italy, Russia and Romania
  • WW2-analogue are smaller regional wars, a "Latin War" (France-Italy-Romania) and a "Russian War" (Russia) (1931-1934)
  • Karl I. dies in 1932
  • irredentist attack by Romania on A-H-S leads to some nasty ethnic cleansing and after the counter-invasion by A-H-S and Germany the "Dismemberment of Romania" takes place
  • these events mold the Habsburg Dominions together as bulwark against Russian and Latin aggression but they only work so long
  • Otto I. becomes a strong believer in "Danubianism", a devolving of the Habsburg Empire and renewal through the Danubian Free Trade Zone (economic union set up by Franz II.)
  • the "Great Devolution" (1952) sees the end of the A-H-S Empire and the foundation of the modern Danubian Union
  • in 1968 the world is nearing the end of a decade of tacit rapprochement between the Freedom and Nationalist Alliance
  • the powder keg that is the Ottoman Empire is three years from bursting and engulfing the world in a renewal of hostilities
I'll add the numbering later and further clarify the map. If not here then on Imgur or DeviantArt or something.