Margarita – a Spanish TL

Philbert II of Savoy
Margarita – a Spanish TL

Philbert II of Savoy

Born in Pont-d'Ain, Philibert was the son of Philip (Filippo) the Landless, who until 1496 was a junior member of the ducal family, and his first wife Marguerite of Bourbon. In 1496, Philibert's father surprisingly succeeded as Duke, when his underaged grandnephew Duke Charles II of Savoy died, being the male heir of the line of Savoy.

The same year, the 16-year-old Philibert married the 9-year-old Yolande Louise of Savoy, his cousin and the only sister of the deceased young duke. She was daughter of Duke Charles I of Savoy, the Warrior, and Blanche of Montferrat, as well as granddaughter of Philibert's late uncle, Duke Amadeus IX of Savoy. She was the heir-general of her brother, father, grandfather, and her grandmother Yolande of France, the eldest surviving daughter of king Charles VII of France. Her birthright, after the death of her brother, was the succession of the kingdoms of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia although Philibert's father took those titles.

After a brief reign, Philip II died in 1497 and Philibert succeeded as Duke of Savoy. The young couple then at last advanced their claims, and took the titles Queen and King of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia.

In 1499, the 12-year-old first wife of Philibert died, childless. Her heir was her first cousin, Princess Charlotte of Naples, later Countess of Laval. Philibert continued to use the titles of Cyprus etc., despite the death of his first wife.

His next marriage tied him into the web of alliances around the Habsburgs, who ruled the Netherlands, Alsace, Franche-Comté, Tyrol, Austria, etc. In 1501, he married Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, the only daughter of Maximilian I and his first wife Mary of Burgundy, the duchess of Burgundy. She had previously been married to John, Prince of Asturias, heir to the thrones of Aragon and Castile.

Margaret would provide him with two daughters, Margaret of Savoy b. 1504 and Elizabeth of Savoy b. 1508.

Early in Philibert's reign, his first cousin Charles VIII of France died in 1498. The next king, Louis XII, would invade Italy the following year and conquer most of Naples. Louis would also conquer Milan, which neighboured Savoy to the east, thus putting the Savoyards between French possessions.

Philibert died in 1510 at the age of 30. Because he had no male heirs, he was succeeded by his young half-brother Charles III, who would marry Giovanna of Naples as suggested by Maximilian.
Anne of Brittany
Anne of Brittany

As Duchess, Anne fiercely defended the independence of her Duchy. She arranged the marriage of her daughter, Claude, heiress of the Duchy, to Charles of Austria, to reinforce the Franco-Spanish alliance and ensure French success in the Italian Wars. The marriage contract was signed on 10 August 1501 in Lyon by François de Busleyden, Archbshop of Besançon, William de Croÿ, Nicolas de Rutter and Pierre Lesseman, all ambassadors of Duke Philip of Burgundy, Charles' father. However, the engagement was cancelled by Louis XII when it became likely that Anne would not produce a male heir. Anne, determined to maintain Breton independence, refused until death to sanction the marriage, pushing instead for Claude to marry Charles, or for her other daughter, Renée, to inherit the Duchy. On March 10, 1512, Anne of Brittany would be able to give birth to a son, named Charles, however her plans for Claude would be frustrated as Charles, the one she wanted to marry to Claude, Charles of Austria is betrothed to Anne of Bohemia and Hungary and the marriage of Claude and Francis, duke of Angouleme would go forward and Anne of Brittany would die on 1513 after the birth of her son and Louis XII would die in Spring 1515 giving france to a regency council ruled by Claude and Francis for Charles IX and would not afford to continue the war so they withdraw from the war.

In the west, Malacca was captured by Portuguese in 1511. The delicate balance between Demak and Daha ended when Udara asked Portugal for help in Malacca and forced Demak to attack both Malacca and Daha under Adipati Yunus to end this alliance. A large number of courtiers, artisans, priests, and members of the royalty moved east to the island of Bali. The refugees probably fled to avoid Demak retribution for their support for Ranawijaya against Kertabhumi.

The Portuguese would retain their alliance with the Hindu Majapahit faction and Prabu Udara would will his lands to the Portuguese which results in parts of Java under the Portuguese and this alliance would spread to Sunda, Bali and the northern half of Saludong which is under Majapahit influence until which would mean Saludong would be a Portuguese, and the Kingdom of Caboloan would be a Portuguese vassal, Sunda and Bali would be Portuguese Colony with the Balinese kingdoms as Portuguese vassals as well as Sunda giving the city of Jayakarta as a Portuguese possesion, the alliance of the which frustrated the peace plans with the Bruneians regarding Tondo (it is the Bruneians who rule the Southern part of the Island of Saludong) via a marriage treaty because the Northern part of Saludong would go under the Portuguese and the Portuguese would continue the war with the Bruneians and gained Tondo in one battle, however the Bruneians would not be able to give up the rest of their domains in Saludong, the Portuguese would call their part of Luzon/Saludong as Zambales.

The Portuguese had an immense success in gaining the territories of Portuguese Java, Zambales, Bali and the Lesser Sundanese Islands which are Majapahit possesions in the 1510’s.

This was the time when the Castilian throne under Charles V would explore a trade route to the Spice Islands via an expedition by Magellan on 1521 and discovered the Islas de San Lazaro or Filipinas which would be put under the jurisdiction of New Spain, the jurisdiction of the Castilian East Indies and Portuguese East Indies would not have a border until the Bruneians are defeated by the Spanish but it did not matter as the two thrones are under one monarch.

Magellan’s fleet would have Rajah Matanda as his captive which would give the Spanish a blueprint of their later conquests of the Bruneian possessions led by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi.
Marriage Matches
Marriage Matches

Sigismund the Old

The second child of Sigismund the Old Sigismund the younger was born on 1 July 1515. After the childbirth, Barbara became ill. It is unclear if it was childbed fever or some other disease. On 1 October 1515, Barbara suffered what was described as apoplexy, but a it is impossible to determine the actual cause.] She died the next day and was buried at Wawel Cathedral.

By 1516, Emperor Maximilian would promise his grand daughter, Margaret of Savoy or Margherita di Savoya to Sigismund the Old to become the new Queen of Poland, she would arrive on the death of her grandfather on 1519, Maximilian, she would be known for her own beauty and intellect, she would be interacting with her husband in German, she would be giving birth to further children, namely, Anna b. 1520, Olbracht b. 1522,Catherine b. 1526 and Ludwik b. 1530.

Margaret of Austria would have doubts about the match of her own daughter and would prefer her daughter to not be used as a marital pawn of her own father, she would want to ensure that her own other daughter, Elizabeth or Elisabetta would not end up as a marital pawn by her own grandfather, Maximilian when he died in 1519 she is left unmarried, however, Charles V have plans with her.

On 1520’s Elizabeth of Savoy would be offered to the constable of France Charles de Bourbon but the offer would be prevented as they decided that Elisabetta should be the bride of Frederick II, Elector Palatinate.

Eleanor of Austria

In 1517 Eleanor may have had a love affair with Frederick II, Elector Palatine. Her brother King Charles, who had succeeded their elderly grandfather King Ferdinand as King of Spain the year before, once discovered her reading a love letter from Frederick. Charles forced Eleanor and Frederick to swear in front of an attorney that they were not secretly married, after which he expelled Frederick from court. Margaret of Austria would force Charles to marry Eleanor to John of Portugal rather than Manuel of Portugal because Manuel of Portugal wanted to marry Eleanor and instead it is Germaine who should marry Manuel of Portugal, Germaine would prove to be still fertile as she gave birth to Infante John b. 1519 and Infanta Maria b. 1520 until her second husband died in 1521 and Eleanor is married to John of Portugal on 1517 where in she would have been guaranteed of a happy future rather a possible marriage with her father in law.

Eleanor would have given birth to Infante Alfonso b. 1518, Infanta Maria b. 1522, Infante John and Infanta Catherine b. 1526, she would have imparted what she has learned in the Spanish court.

Marriages of Charles V

On a peace treaty in 1517, Anna of Navarre would have married Charles V, Anna of Navarre is eight years older than her groom in exchange for a marriage between Catherine of Austria and Henry II of Navarre and Anna was guaranteed to be a spinster before this, she would give birth to three children, Infanta Margarita (June 10, 1518), Infante Felipe (May 4, 1520) and Infanta Anna (November 10, 1521), she would have been reportedly scrawny, a dwarf and ugly and of fragile health like her cousin Claude, she would have worn after giving birth to Infanta Anna and would die a few months after giving birth, she would be buried in Granada. Charles V would remarry to Isabella of Portugal who would give birth to two surviving further children, Infante Carlos (May 21, 1528) and Infanta Joanna (June 26, 1535).

While Catherine of Habsburg would have many pregnancies with Henry II of Navarre while only Joanna of Navarre (1522) and the childless Henry III of Navarre(1530) would survive infancy.
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