Map Thread XXI

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Nice. Is this from the same world as your earlier "holy roman USA" maps? And what's exactly going on with *Texas?

Yes, it's a quick & dirty re-do of a previous map but not the same TL.
*Texas is the forces of Jérôme backed by French troops trying to defeat the Federalists.

I was rather pleased with how the US turned out, still expanding West.
 
I am in debt to Nizams entry (#9769) of December 13, 2021 (Map Thread XX Page 489) for giving me the inspiration behind this alternative history; This is my cover version!

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THE WAR OF THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD
Harb Al'Likhwan Al-Muslimin’ (known to the Christian, European, states as THE TURCOMAN-ANDALUSIAN WAR) is a paracosm (imaginary world) in which the Christian forces of Castile and Aragón fail to recapture Iberia from the Moors

As a result, THE CALIPHATE OF CORDOBA ‘Khilāfat Qurṭubiyyah’ (known colloquially as Al-Andaluz with the demonym being Andalusians, Cordovans or simply Moors) goes onto conquer ALL of Iberia!

The Andalusians also subjugate the Mezzogiorgno region of Italy (known to the Moors as ‘Ard Sham Muntasaf Al-Nahar’) as well as the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Mauretania) and establish themselves as the premier Islamic state in western Europe.

THE CALIPHATE OF THE WEST ‘Khilafat Al-Gharb’ (as it is later renamed) expands to include the OTL West African states of Mali, Niger, Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Benin and Nigeria. The only West African countries the Cordovans fail to assimilate are Burkina Faso, the Ivory Coast, Ghana and Togo which come under The Akan Confederacy.

The Caliphate also establishes two ribbon type, coastal, developments along the Atlantic coastline of both North and South America (known in this paracosm as Janubia and Shimalia respectively) and they also established colonies at the mouth of the River Plate and, across the South Atlantic, at the mouth of the mighty Congo.

The Moors continued to expand and develop colonies in OTL Rio de Janeiro, Capetown, Durban and along the Indian ocean coastline of East Africa running from OTL Kenyan/Somali border to the mouth of the Limpopo River in Mozambique

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The paracosm, set between the years 1785 and 1882, sees Al-Andaluz embroiled in a war with the other great Muslim superpower of this paracosm – the Ottomans.

The Sublime Ottoman StateDevlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye’ is a unitary, contiguous, empire that covers the Dalmatian arm of Croatia, all of Bosnia-Hercegovina (known in this paracosm as Zachlumia), Montenegro, Serbia, the Wallachia region of Romania (known in this paracosm as Eflak), Bulgaria (known in this paracosm as Rumelia), Macedonia, Albania, Greece, Turkiye (obviously), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Western Iran, Syria, Iraq, the Lebanon, Israel, the Jordan, all of the Arabian peninsula, Egypt, Cyrenaica, the Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia.

CAUSES OF THE WAR

The origins of the war were, just like any other conflict, highly complex but at its heart was the desire of the Ottomans to break the Andalusian hold on the highly lucrative South East Asian and India ocean spice trade routes!

However, a secondary cause (of the war) was the desire of the Ottoman Sultan, based in Istanbul, to be seen as the natural leader of the Islamic world and in that respect, all the Islamic states shared the common objective of wanting to unify all Muslim believers into an Ummat Al-Muʼminīn or Commonwealth of True Believers.

The Ottomans held the trump card in that they controlled the two holy cities of Makkah Al-Mukarramah and Bayt Al-Muqaddas (OTL Mecca and Jerusalem respectively) and the Ottoman Sultan also commanded the best army in the world! However, the war was fought mainly at sea and, in this respect, the Andalusians had the better of the two navies!

The Andalusians and Ottomans are not the only Muslim states in this paracosm. In ASYA (Asia) there was also: -

  • The Khanate of Kokand (‘Khānneshin-e Khoqand’ or ‘Khoqand Khānligi’) covering eastern Uzbekistan, modern Kyrgyzstan, eastern Tajikistan and south-eastern Kazakhstan.
  • The Persian Empire (‘Kešvar-e Šâhanšâhi-ye Irân’) covering Iran, Turkmenistan and Western Uzbekistan.
  • The Mughal Empire (‘Gūrkāniyān’) covering all of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan plus all of India apart from the states of Kerala and Tamil Nādu which, along with Sri Lanka, formed the Hindu worshipping Vijayanagar
  • The Sultanate of Mataram covering all of Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea
The rest of Asia was dominated by states such as Patria Onoguria (details to follow) as well as a series of Hindu, Buddhist and Daoist states stretching across central and Northern Asia. The most powerful of these being DÀ MÍNG dominated by the Han (Chinese) dynasty of the same name covering all of OTL China (apart from Tibet and the Xinjiang-Uyghur regions).

THE STATES OF EUROPE IN THIS PARACOSM

The European response to the Turcoman-Andalusian war was mixed to say the least!

Sensing a weakness in the Muslim ranks, one would have thought the 37 Christian states of Europe would have banded together to overcome the possibility of the war spreading or at least one side emerging triumphant inevitably resulting in a fresh round of European invasions, but this was not the case!

Yes, several states, under direction from His Holiness the Pope, did indeed forge an alliance (known as THE CHRISTOFIDELIUM ‘Christian Protectorate’) but not every country wanted to be part of it nor did they want to accept the authority of the Pontiff! Many nobles saw Pope Pius VIII as a weak leader and one that lacked any real authority and soon two other, rival military alliances emerged, namely THE CONCORDIUM OF CAEN and THE SARMATIAN LEAGUE

The Concordium of Caen
(alternatively - L’union De Caen or Unio Cadomensis), named after the French city where the agreement was signed, was effectively an agreement between the English, French, Burgundians and four other states to come to each other’s aid in the event of the war spreading.

Against all the odds the English and French put behind them centuries of animosity and open warfare in order to combat the Muslim menace but it did not mean that everything was plain sailing and they were now all good friends – ‘oh no; old feuds continued to brew!

The Sarmatian League (Sarmatiya Soyuza or Liga Sarmatiska), the other alliance, was initially founded by members of the Swedish aristocracy desperate to avoid Danish hegemony and also prevent the Khanate of Kokand or the Tartar dominated Patria Onoguria (or Old, or Greater, Bulgaria) from penetrating any further west than the river Volga (see notes on definition of the Patria Onoguria)

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DETAILS OF THE 24 MEMBER STATES OF THE CHRISTOFIDELIUM


(Numbers correspond with the map): -

  • The Free and Independent City State of Hamburg covering the German city of the same name
  • The Union of Hanover & Brunswick-Lunenburg (or more simply Hanoverian Saxony) covering Niedersachsen
  • The Principality of Friesland covering the Dutch province of the same name plus Drenthe and Groningen
  • The Royal Dutch Netherlands (AKA The Orange Freestate or incorrectly as Holland) covering OTL Netherlands apart from Friesland, Drenthe and Groningen provinces.
  • The Grand Duchy of Munster (AKA The Ripuarian League) covering OTL North Rhine-Westphalia
  • The Grand Duchy of Trier, Koblenz & Mainz (AKA Das Rheinbund or Confederation of the Rhine) covering OTL The Rhineland Pfalz.
  • The Hessian Ducal Union (AKA The Hessenbund) covering OTL Hesse.
  • The Kingdom of Saxony (AKA The Sachsenreich or Imperium Saxonicum) covering Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Royal Saxony i.e., Leipzig, Dresden and Meissen
  • The Grand Duchy of Brandenburg-Silesia & Posen covering the Brandenburg Lander of Germany and the Upper Silesian region of OTL Poland
  • The Kingdom of Württemberg & the Grand Duchy of Baden (AKA Swabia-Alemannia) covering the OTL Baden-Wurttemberg Lander of Germany
  • Bavaria covering OTL German Lander of the same name.
  • Bohemia-Moravia (AKA Grand Duchy of Taschen or Freestate of the Ceska) covering the OTL Czech Republic.
  • The Tyrolean (or Alpine) League of Nations (AKA Rhaetia) covering OTL Eastern Switzerland, the Tyrol and the Trentino-Aldo-Adige region of Italy.
  • The Lands, Territories and Dominions of the Imperial Habsburg Court (AKA Cisleithania or simply Osterreich) covering OTL Austria (minus the Tyrol), the Friuli-Giulia-Venezia region of Italy and all of Slovenia
  • The Grand Duchy of Milan (AKA Lombardia or Union Milanese [pron. Miller-naze-ee not Miller-niece]) covering the Lombardy region of Italy
  • The Republic of Venice (AKA Repùblega de Venèsia) covering the Veneto region of Italy, the Istrian peninsula of Croatia and several of the Dalmatian islands, namely – Krk, Cres, Dugi Otok, Hvar and Korcula. They also occupy the areas in and around the ports of Zadar and Split
  • Legia Romagnolo (AKA The Rumagnal League or The Emilian Pentapolis i.e., the Union of Parma, Modena, Ferrara, Bologna and Ravenna) covering the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy
  • The Ordenstaat (AKA Pruthenia) covering the Warmia-Masuria region of Poland plus the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation.
Six other states also joined the Christofidelium to help bolster their ranks. They were: -

  • The Danish Empire (AKA Danamarcia, Imperium Danske or Nordosoveldet) covering Iceland, The Faeroes, The Shetland Islands, all of Norway, all of Denmark, the Scania region of Sweden, The Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Pomerania Landers of Germany and the Baltic coastline of Poland
  • Tuscan League (AKA Unione Viola) covering Tuscany, Elba and Corsica
  • Lands of the Holy Roman See ‘LHRS’ (AKA The Patrimonium or Patrimony of St. Peters) covering OTL Italian states of Lazio, Umbria and Marche
  • Polonia covering the Ukrainian region of Zakarpattia ‘Carpathia’ plus all of Poland (apart from Upper Silesia, The Baltic Coastline and the Warmia-Masuria regions).
  • Hungariae (AKA Magyarea) covering Slovakia, Hungary, the Slavonian arm of Croatia and the Transylvanian region of OTL Romania
  • Bukovina (AKA The Molderland) covering The Republic of Moldova and the Romanian region of the same name
THE NINE MEMBER STATES OF L’UNION DE CAENNAIS: -

  • The Kingdom of Scotland (AKA Rìoghachd na h-Alba or simply Caledonia) covering all of Scotland apart from the Shetland isles
  • The Confederation of Irish Clans (AKA Comhdháil Chaitliceach na hÉireann known more simply as Ireland or poetically as The Union of Tara) covering all of the island of Ireland
  • The Kingdom of England (AKA Regnum Angelorum or simply Anglia) covering all of OTL England
  • The Cambrian Confederacy (AKA Cymru, Wallia or simply Wales) covering OTL Wales. It is a quasi-indepedendent confederation of Welsh principalities ultimatly under the jurisdiction of the heir apparent to the English throne and, as such, is still subject to English domination.
  • The Duchy of Lothrinigian-Burgundy (AKA Ducatus Burgundiae, Duché de Bourgogne, The Burgundian Netherlands or The Mosselland) covering OTL Belgium and Luxembourg plus the Nord Pas De Calais, Alsace-Lorraine and the Franche-Comté regions of France. Burgundy also lays claim to the Picardy and Champagne-Ardennes regions of France.
  • The Kingdom of France (AKA Royaume de France) which covered the Île-de-France, Normandy, Brittany, Pay De La Loire, Centre, Burgoyne, Poitou-Charentes, Limousin and Clermont-Ferrand regions of France.
  • The Duchy of Gascogne (AKA Duché de Gascogne or Duché de Vasconie) which covered the Aquitaine region of France
  • The Kingdom of Arles (Regnum Burgundiae/Regnum Arelatense, known more simply as Arelat or Occitania) covering the Midi-Pyrenees, Languedoc-Roussillon, Rhone-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Cotes-D’Azur regions of France plus most of Western Switzerland and the Italian regions of Piedmont and Valle D’Aosta.
  • The Republic of Genoa (AKA República de Zêna/Repubblica di Genova/Respublica Liguria or more simply as Genoa) covered the Italian state of Liguria
THE SEVEN MEMBER STATES OF THE SARMATIAN LEAGUE

  • Sweden (The Stormaktstiden) consisted of OTL Sweden (apart from the Scania region) plus all of Finland and the North West region of Russia (known to the Russians as Severo-Zapadny but to the Swedes as Ingria or Ingermanland). It contains the OTL Russian Oblasts of Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Leningrad, Murmansk, Novgorod and the city of Saint Petersburg. It also includes the two OTL autonomous republics of the Komi and Nenets peoples.
  • Livonia (Līvõmō or Liefland) consists of OTL Latvia and Estonia and was founded by a German company of mercenary knights known as The Brothers of the Sword or Schwertbrüderorden
  • Pskov (or Pleshkov) covered the Russian oblast of the same name which was founded by Russian nobles who refused to accept the authority of the Muscovite Tsar.
  • Lithuania (or Litva) covered OTL Lithuania, Belarus and all the Ukraine west of the Dnieper River (apart from the Zakarpattia i.e., Carpathian region which in this paracosm is part of Poland)
  • The Zaporizhian Hetmanate (or Het’manshchynna) covered all of the Eastern Ukraine and the Crimea i.e., the lands east of the Dnieper River
  • The Dominions of St. George-in-Caucasia (Land of the Kartvelian’s, Colchis or more simply as Georgia) covering the Caucasian republic of the same name.
  • The Tsardom of Muscovy (Imperium Moskovskoye) the single most powerful element of the Sarmatian League! Muskovskoye covered the Central Russian Highlands and the OTL Russian Oblasts of Belgorod, Bryansk, Ivanovo, Kaluga, Kostroma, Kursk, Lipetsk, Moscow, Oryol, Ryazan, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula, Tver, Ulyanovsk, Voronezh and Yaroslavl.


The only other state shown on the map, that hasn’t yet been detailed, are the lands to the east of the river Volga known in this paracosm as Patria Onoguria!

Patria Onoguria (AKA the Realm of the Volga-Kama-Bolghars) is dominated by the old, Turkic, Bulgarians who adhere to the religion of Tengriism. It contains 5 regions of the present-day Russian Federation, which are: -

  • Povolzhye (known informally as Volgaria) containing the OTL Russian Oblasts of Kirov, Nizhny-Novgorod, Orenburg, Penza, Perm, Samara, Saratov and Ulyanovsk as well as the 5 autonomous republics of Bashkortostan, Mari-El, Tatarstan, Udmurtia and Chuvashia.
  • Yuzhniye (known informally as North Caucasia) containing the Oblasts of Astrakhan (AKA Xacitarxan), Volgograd, Krasnodar and Rostov-On-Don. It also contains the autonomous republics of Adygea (AKA Circassia) and Haľmg Tañğç (AKA Kalmykia).
  • Yuralskiy (known informally as the Union of Uralic or Permian Republics) containing the Oblasts of Kurgan, Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Tyumen plus the autonomous regions of Khanti-Mansia (AKA the Yugra) and Yamaly-Nenyotsiye (AKA the Yamal-Nenets Republic)
  • Siberia (known in this paracosm as Sibir-Tartaria) containing the Oblasts of Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk and Tomsk plus the three autonomous republics of Altai, Tuva and Khakassia
  • Severo-Kavkazsky (known informally in the west as Southern Caucasia) contains the single Oblast of Stavropol plus the 6 republics of Dagestan, Ingushetia (AKA Ğalğaj Moxk) Kabardino-Balkaria (AKA Qabarti-Malqar), Karachay-Cherkessia (Qaraçay-Çerkes), North Ossetia (AKA Iryston or Alania) and Chechnya (AKA Noxçiyçö or Noxciyn).
N.B. Dominion over the Severo-Kavkazsky region is highly contested with by The Dominions of St. George-in-Caucasia i.e., Georgia but as the vast majority of the people in the region have readily converted to Islam, the best Georgia can do is defend its own borders against Muslim raiders or risk being overrun by the Ottomans to their south.

THE AMERICAS IN THIS PARACOSM

Known in this paracosm as Alam Al-JadidThe New World’ (but to the Europeans as Terranova), both North and South America were largely colonised by the Andalusians with the North being referred to as Janubia and the South as Shimalia.

The Andalusians created two ribbon type, coastal, developments in the New World! The first ran from Chesapeake Bay all the way to the present day (OTL) border of Mexico and Texas and the second ran the entire length of Shimalia’s Caribbean and Atlantic coastlines i.e., from the border of Panama and Colombia to Pernambuco in Brazil (known in this paracosm as Al-Khashab)

The Andalusians do not control OTL Mexico where, in this paracosm, the Aztecs destroyed the last remnants of the Mayans in Yucatán and the Purépecha-speaking Tarascan Empire to the west before heading northwards towards their ancestral homeland of Aztlan.

Free from any OTL European interference, the Aztecs then formed an alliance with the equally fearsome Huastecs and Comanche Indians after which they renamed the ‘Triple alliance’ as The Mexihcotlan Empire (demonym being Mēxihcah or poetically as the Children of Huitzilopochtli) and in this paracosm it comes under the control of an absolutist emperor – The Tlatoani – which, by the mid-19th century, is Cuauhtémoc XI.

The Aztecs (or more correctly the Mēxihcah but known to the Andalusians as Al-Mashik) ended up controlling all of Mexico (except for Sonora and Baja California) plus Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. They also conquered Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Haiti & the Dominican Republic), San Juan and Puerto Rico in the Caribbean.

OTL Chihuahua and Coahuila states were then given over to the Huastec/Comanche Confederation, while Costa Rica and Panama were given over to the League of the Chibcha. Cuba, Hispaniola, San Juan and Puerto Rico were merged into the Taino People’s Alliance which the Moors referred to as Al-Qarib.

The Andalusians also trade extensively with the other great empire of the New World – The Inca Empire of Tawatinsuyu!

‘The Land of the Four Quarters’ or Ard Al-Arbae Al-Arbaeati’ to the Moors, covers most of OTL southern Colombia, a sizeable proportion of the Upper Amazon, all of the Acre and Rondonia provinces of Brazil, and all of OTL Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. It also covers virtually all of northern Chile and most of North-western Argentina.

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THE TURCOMAN-ANDALUSIAN WAR IN EUROPE


Sometime in the late 17th century, the Andalusians came to an understanding with the Lands of the Holy Roman See ‘LHRS’ AKA The Patrimony of St. Peters or the Patrimonium (the Italian states of Lazio, Umbria and Marche) in which they guaranteed the independence of the Roman Papacy but only on the condition the Mezzogiorgno (i.e., the Italian states of Abruzzo, Molise, Puglia, Campania, Basilicata, Calabria, Sicily and Sardinia) either converted to Islam or paid an exorbitant annual tribute to Cordoba and reluctantly, the Pope was forced to agree to the later!

However, when the Ottomans tried to do the same thing in the Balkans, His Holiness refused point blank to accept a similar agreement with the hated Turks and as a result the Ottomans were forced to keep a large portion of their army in OTL Bosnia-Hercegovina, Southern Romania and the Adriatic in order to fight off continuous counter invasions by the Christian states of Europe, the most effective of these being the fearsome Magyar dominated Black Army of Matthaeus Corvinus VIII

Both the Moors and Ottomans mockingly referred to Christian Europe as the Realm of the False Prophet ‘Eelam Al-Nabii Al-Kadhib’ or even more derogatively as - the Land of Disbelievers ‘Ard Al-Kafari’ but this only infuriated the Christians even more resulting in a dramatic increase in the ferocity of these raids!

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QUESTIONS


  • How does having two powerful Muslim states in Southern Europe (and the New World) effect the growth and development of Christian, Northern, Europe?
  • How does the war progress and who else is involved?
  • What affect does the war have on the other great Muslim states in this paracosm?
  • Denmark establishes colonies in OTL Labrador and Nunavut! Do other European states like Scotland, England, France and Burgundy do something similar?
 

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Gust

Donor
I am in debt to Nizams entry (#9769) of December 13, 2021 (Map Thread XX Page 489) for giving me the inspiration behind this alternative history; This is my cover version!
[post shortened]
Could you post the images into the post itself? Having them in attachments makes it look like there is no map, which might confuse some people.
 
Known in this paracosm as Alam Al-JadidThe New World’ (but to the Europeans as Terranova), both North and South America were largely colonised by the Andalusians with the North being referred to as Janubia and the South as Shimalia.
Really Nice idea, but you have the terms mixed up in this paragraph. You are referring to the south with the word for north and the north with the word for the south. Unless this is on purpose that is.
 
The only nitpick I can make is that I'd prefer Lwów to be part of "Red Ruthenia" and not Małopolska.

Love it tho, beautiful map.
On previous versions it was, but then a few Polish friends informed me that Red Ruthenia was used only as a poetic name already in the 18th century, and that such a Poland as this one wouldn't name "Ruthenia" a part of what they consider core Poland (they're Polonising the hell out of Belarusians and Ukrainians)
 
Eight Alternate Fates of Austria-Hungary
Eight Alternate Austrias.png


A map series of eight alternate fates of Austria-Hungary, focusing on the period after the Congress of Vienna to the First World War. Some of these fates are nigh ASB (Look at H) but I don't give a damn. Lore below for each of the eight fates.

A: Empire of Austro-Hungary-Italy

The Habsburgs wins the Italian Wars of Independence against the Savoyards and their French allies, keeping the majority of their North Italian possessions. During the Augsliech of 1867, the Italians voiced the creation of an Italian crown within the Empire. In 1867, the Italian Kingdom was created as a third monarchy, ruled over by the Habsburg Emperor in Vienna. The Italian Kingdom would see considerable industrial growth and development in the coming decades, with the capital of Florence becoming one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Empire. The Austrians would also win against the Prussians in 1866, though losing North Germany to the Prussian-led German Confederation. South Germany would be formed into a confederation under Austrian protection.

There are problems though, being faced with rivalries against the Germans, and the Savoyards still holding onto the claim of unifying Italy. The Italian peninsula is still unruly, with the Papal States and the Neapolitans having to call in the Habsburg army to quell rebellions by socialists and radical nationalists. Despite the issues faces against the Triple Monarchy, the Empire still remains a hegemon of Central Europe and it sets to remain that way.

B: South Germany in Austria

Despite the brilliance of Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck, only time could tell when a coalition was formed against the rising Prussians in the German Confederation. When the Brother’s War started in 1866, Bismarck was met with an unfortunate situation with the entry of Napoleon III’s France on the side of Austria. Despite the odds faced, the Prussians won in the North, keeping Northern Germany under their belt, though forced to renounce claims to South Germany and the recognition of the French annexation of Luxembourg.

The South Germans, fearing Prussian or French invasion, petitioned to join the Austrian Empire. During the midst of the 1867 Augsleich, the monarchs of South Germany were invited and the Habsburg accepted to annex the South German kingdoms into the Empire. To prevent too much Austrian power, the monarchies of Bavaria, Baden, and Wuttermburg remained autonomous kingdoms within the Empire. The Austrian Empire remains allied to the French and ironically the Italians against the Germans in the North and their Russian allies.

C: Austro-Hungairan Colonial Empire

Losing their sphere of influence in Italy and Germany, some Austrians saw it fit to turn their attention overseas to the establishment of colonies. The Hungarians protested the venture but later negotiation negated Hungarian protests by establishing said colonies as codominiums under joint Austrian and Hungarian rule. In the 1890s, Austria laid claims to Southern Somalia and Northern Borneo, becoming the first colonies of the Empire. In 1899, the Austro-Hungarians purchased Spanish Rio de Oro. In 1910, the French and Germans could not negotiate who gets Morocco, so it was given to Austria-Hungary to avoid war.

By 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, though small compared to the vast British and French Empires, stands as a proud symbol of Austrian power. Organized into codominiums of Morocco, Somaliland, and Borneo, the colonial empire spans around the world. Although cherished by the Austrian public, the colonies are little profitable, though North Borneo makes a considerable profit for the monarchy. With the advent of war in Europe, the overseas Empire might be lost as well, or expanded…

D: Competent Austria-Hungary wins WW1

Despite the assumptions of foreign observers that Austria-Hungary was next in line to the Turks to be the ‘sick man of Europe’, hefty reforms to the K.u.K. in the 1900s under German oversight chastened the K.u.K. into a considerable fighting force. When war broke out between Serbia and Austria in 1914, the K.u.K. smashed through Serbian lines and conquered the Balkan nation by the end of 1914, being joined by Bulgaria. The Russians would be expelled from Lemburg while the K.u.K. marched into Warsaw and Bialoytysk. With the French fallen after the Germans were victorious at the Marne, the Russians were left alone, soon sued for peace by 1915.

The strong performance of the K.u.K. during the war under the Austro-Hungarians earned Austria respect by the Germans, allowing them to make large gains during the Berlin Peace Conference. The Austrians would annex Congress Poland into a personal union, and turn rump Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania under Prince Wied into protectorates. Romania would fall under Austrian influence as an ally against the Russians. Although a proud and victorious Empire, ethnic problems had not been resolved, and the Austrians seek to establish a third Slavic crown much to Hungarian chagrin. Fears are rising of a Second Hungarian Rebellion, though with the Germans assuring of support to the Habsburgs, the fight will end most the same as in 1848.

E: United Kingdoms of Great Austria

The death of Franz Joseph I in 1911 by pneumonia took the life of Europe’s oldest monarch, succeeded by the charismatic Franz Ferdinand. Franz Ferdinand reoriented Austro-Hungarian policy, re-approaching the Russians for a friendship and supporting the Bulgarians in the Balkan War as a new ally to the Germans and Austrians. In 1917, Franz Ferdinand’s policies against Hungarian power in the Empire turned into a war between the Hungarian half versus the Austrian half. With German support and Russian neutrality, the Austrians crushed the Hungarian rebellion within a year. After their victory, the United Kingdoms of Great Austria was founded.

The Hungarians were stripped of their empire, being handed out to long-oppressed minorities of the empire under their own kingdom. The rest of the Austrian half and Bosnia were reorganized into ethnic states. With the empire’s ethnic minorities gaining self-determination, the Austrians can no longer worry about the ethnic problem of the past. Despite the new system, nationalists still threaten the monarchy in Hungary, Transylvania, and Serbians lands.

F: Austria-Hungary-Croatia

The First Great War was hard on the Habsburg monarchy, suffering from near-famine conditions through most of the war and thousands dying in the frontlines in Galicia and Venetia. The struggle was vindicated in the victory of the Central Powers after the fall of Russia and France in 1918 and a status quo peace with the British. The Austrians would further lose their position as a great power, with Poland and Ukraine, though having Habsburg monarchs, remain predominantly in the German sphere of influence. The Austrians still made gains in the Balkans, annexing rump Serbia and Montenegro as occupation zones and reinstalling Prince Wied to an expanded Albania.

The Empire would be reorganized under Emperor Karl I. The predominantly Polish, Ukrainian, and Romanian province of Galicia would be partitioned among each respective nation-state in order to satiate Hungarian protests of the annexation of Serbia and Montenegro. In 1927, a third South Slavic crown under the Croats would be created. The Hungarians protested but German pressure forces the Hungarians to accept the creation of the Croat kingdom. It is now the 1930s and the empire is modestly stable and still loyal to the German Empire, though now faced with the threat of communist regimes in France, Italy, and Russia. Whenever war would break out, both the Germanic empires of Austria and Germany can count on each other.

C: Danube Federation

The Russian Brusilov offensive of 1916 combined with American entry into the war in 1915 spelled the end of any prospects of a Central Power victory. In order to save his throne and realm, Emperor Karl I sent peace requests to the Entente, whom were eventually accepted, resulting in Austria pulling out of the seemingly futile war. At the peace table, the Austrians had to accept the territorial demands of their neighbors, giving land to the Russians, Italians, Romanians, and Serbs. Although on the side of the Germans, the French and Russians wanted to preserve the monarchy and allowed Karl I to remain on the throne.

After the war, Karl I was able to drastically reform the empire due to the Hungarians weakened after the Treaty of Versailles. Hence, the Danubian Confederation was born as a commonwealth of nations led by the Habsburg monarchy. The Danubians would ally with the Russians and French, leading them to economic prosperity in the 1920s, until the depression of 1929 caused the economy of the empire to suffer. To make things worse, the rise of the communistic Strasserists in Germany, combined with the cooling of relations between Russia and the Anglo-French makes Danubia a vulnerable target to the Germans.

H: Restored Austria-Hungary

The formation of the Anglo-French Union allowed for the imperialism of days old to sustain itself in the postwar world. In Central Europe, the specter of communism loomed and a strong power was needed in the region to deter Soviet expansionism. The Franco-British would support the reformation of Austria-Hungary, inviting Otto I to take the throne of both Austria and Hungary. The South German monarchies would also be restored as autonomous kingdoms within Austria-Hungary. Eventually and unexpectedly, the Czechoslovaks joined the union as an autonomous member, fearing Soviet expansionism after the invasion of Poland in 1949 and communist coups carried out in Romania and Bulgaria.

The restored Austro-Hungarian Empire stands as the main bulwark against communism in Central Europe. The Austro-Hungarians are also close allies to the Franco-British imperialist bloc, which are competing against the communist Soviet bloc and the pro-independence American bloc. What was once a long-fallen Empire is now revived again and is set to remain that way for years to come.
 
Eight Alternate Fates of Austria-Hungary
View attachment 710573

A map series of eight alternate fates of Austria-Hungary, focusing on the period after the Congress of Vienna to the First World War. Some of these fates are nigh ASB (Look at H) but I don't give a damn. Lore below for each of the eight fates.

A: Empire of Austro-Hungary-Italy

The Habsburgs wins the Italian Wars of Independence against the Savoyards and their French allies, keeping the majority of their North Italian possessions. During the Augsliech of 1867, the Italians voiced the creation of an Italian crown within the Empire. In 1867, the Italian Kingdom was created as a third monarchy, ruled over by the Habsburg Emperor in Vienna. The Italian Kingdom would see considerable industrial growth and development in the coming decades, with the capital of Florence becoming one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Empire. The Austrians would also win against the Prussians in 1866, though losing North Germany to the Prussian-led German Confederation. South Germany would be formed into a confederation under Austrian protection.

There are problems though, being faced with rivalries against the Germans, and the Savoyards still holding onto the claim of unifying Italy. The Italian peninsula is still unruly, with the Papal States and the Neapolitans having to call in the Habsburg army to quell rebellions by socialists and radical nationalists. Despite the issues faces against the Triple Monarchy, the Empire still remains a hegemon of Central Europe and it sets to remain that way.

B: South Germany in Austria

Despite the brilliance of Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck, only time could tell when a coalition was formed against the rising Prussians in the German Confederation. When the Brother’s War started in 1866, Bismarck was met with an unfortunate situation with the entry of Napoleon III’s France on the side of Austria. Despite the odds faced, the Prussians won in the North, keeping Northern Germany under their belt, though forced to renounce claims to South Germany and the recognition of the French annexation of Luxembourg.

The South Germans, fearing Prussian or French invasion, petitioned to join the Austrian Empire. During the midst of the 1867 Augsleich, the monarchs of South Germany were invited and the Habsburg accepted to annex the South German kingdoms into the Empire. To prevent too much Austrian power, the monarchies of Bavaria, Baden, and Wuttermburg remained autonomous kingdoms within the Empire. The Austrian Empire remains allied to the French and ironically the Italians against the Germans in the North and their Russian allies.

C: Austro-Hungairan Colonial Empire

Losing their sphere of influence in Italy and Germany, some Austrians saw it fit to turn their attention overseas to the establishment of colonies. The Hungarians protested the venture but later negotiation negated Hungarian protests by establishing said colonies as codominiums under joint Austrian and Hungarian rule. In the 1890s, Austria laid claims to Southern Somalia and Northern Borneo, becoming the first colonies of the Empire. In 1899, the Austro-Hungarians purchased Spanish Rio de Oro. In 1910, the French and Germans could not negotiate who gets Morocco, so it was given to Austria-Hungary to avoid war.

By 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, though small compared to the vast British and French Empires, stands as a proud symbol of Austrian power. Organized into codominiums of Morocco, Somaliland, and Borneo, the colonial empire spans around the world. Although cherished by the Austrian public, the colonies are little profitable, though North Borneo makes a considerable profit for the monarchy. With the advent of war in Europe, the overseas Empire might be lost as well, or expanded…

D: Competent Austria-Hungary wins WW1

Despite the assumptions of foreign observers that Austria-Hungary was next in line to the Turks to be the ‘sick man of Europe’, hefty reforms to the K.u.K. in the 1900s under German oversight chastened the K.u.K. into a considerable fighting force. When war broke out between Serbia and Austria in 1914, the K.u.K. smashed through Serbian lines and conquered the Balkan nation by the end of 1914, being joined by Bulgaria. The Russians would be expelled from Lemburg while the K.u.K. marched into Warsaw and Bialoytysk. With the French fallen after the Germans were victorious at the Marne, the Russians were left alone, soon sued for peace by 1915.

The strong performance of the K.u.K. during the war under the Austro-Hungarians earned Austria respect by the Germans, allowing them to make large gains during the Berlin Peace Conference. The Austrians would annex Congress Poland into a personal union, and turn rump Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania under Prince Wied into protectorates. Romania would fall under Austrian influence as an ally against the Russians. Although a proud and victorious Empire, ethnic problems had not been resolved, and the Austrians seek to establish a third Slavic crown much to Hungarian chagrin. Fears are rising of a Second Hungarian Rebellion, though with the Germans assuring of support to the Habsburgs, the fight will end most the same as in 1848.

E: United Kingdoms of Great Austria

The death of Franz Joseph I in 1911 by pneumonia took the life of Europe’s oldest monarch, succeeded by the charismatic Franz Ferdinand. Franz Ferdinand reoriented Austro-Hungarian policy, re-approaching the Russians for a friendship and supporting the Bulgarians in the Balkan War as a new ally to the Germans and Austrians. In 1917, Franz Ferdinand’s policies against Hungarian power in the Empire turned into a war between the Hungarian half versus the Austrian half. With German support and Russian neutrality, the Austrians crushed the Hungarian rebellion within a year. After their victory, the United Kingdoms of Great Austria was founded.

The Hungarians were stripped of their empire, being handed out to long-oppressed minorities of the empire under their own kingdom. The rest of the Austrian half and Bosnia were reorganized into ethnic states. With the empire’s ethnic minorities gaining self-determination, the Austrians can no longer worry about the ethnic problem of the past. Despite the new system, nationalists still threaten the monarchy in Hungary, Transylvania, and Serbians lands.

F: Austria-Hungary-Croatia

The First Great War was hard on the Habsburg monarchy, suffering from near-famine conditions through most of the war and thousands dying in the frontlines in Galicia and Venetia. The struggle was vindicated in the victory of the Central Powers after the fall of Russia and France in 1918 and a status quo peace with the British. The Austrians would further lose their position as a great power, with Poland and Ukraine, though having Habsburg monarchs, remain predominantly in the German sphere of influence. The Austrians still made gains in the Balkans, annexing rump Serbia and Montenegro as occupation zones and reinstalling Prince Wied to an expanded Albania.

The Empire would be reorganized under Emperor Karl I. The predominantly Polish, Ukrainian, and Romanian province of Galicia would be partitioned among each respective nation-state in order to satiate Hungarian protests of the annexation of Serbia and Montenegro. In 1927, a third South Slavic crown under the Croats would be created. The Hungarians protested but German pressure forces the Hungarians to accept the creation of the Croat kingdom. It is now the 1930s and the empire is modestly stable and still loyal to the German Empire, though now faced with the threat of communist regimes in France, Italy, and Russia. Whenever war would break out, both the Germanic empires of Austria and Germany can count on each other.

C: Danube Federation

The Russian Brusilov offensive of 1916 combined with American entry into the war in 1915 spelled the end of any prospects of a Central Power victory. In order to save his throne and realm, Emperor Karl I sent peace requests to the Entente, whom were eventually accepted, resulting in Austria pulling out of the seemingly futile war. At the peace table, the Austrians had to accept the territorial demands of their neighbors, giving land to the Russians, Italians, Romanians, and Serbs. Although on the side of the Germans, the French and Russians wanted to preserve the monarchy and allowed Karl I to remain on the throne.

After the war, Karl I was able to drastically reform the empire due to the Hungarians weakened after the Treaty of Versailles. Hence, the Danubian Confederation was born as a commonwealth of nations led by the Habsburg monarchy. The Danubians would ally with the Russians and French, leading them to economic prosperity in the 1920s, until the depression of 1929 caused the economy of the empire to suffer. To make things worse, the rise of the communistic Strasserists in Germany, combined with the cooling of relations between Russia and the Anglo-French makes Danubia a vulnerable target to the Germans.

H: Restored Austria-Hungary

The formation of the Anglo-French Union allowed for the imperialism of days old to sustain itself in the postwar world. In Central Europe, the specter of communism loomed and a strong power was needed in the region to deter Soviet expansionism. The Franco-British would support the reformation of Austria-Hungary, inviting Otto I to take the throne of both Austria and Hungary. The South German monarchies would also be restored as autonomous kingdoms within Austria-Hungary. Eventually and unexpectedly, the Czechoslovaks joined the union as an autonomous member, fearing Soviet expansionism after the invasion of Poland in 1949 and communist coups carried out in Romania and Bulgaria.

The restored Austro-Hungarian Empire stands as the main bulwark against communism in Central Europe. The Austro-Hungarians are also close allies to the Franco-British imperialist bloc, which are competing against the communist Soviet bloc and the pro-independence American bloc. What was once a long-fallen Empire is now revived again and is set to remain that way for years to come.
27/10, not enough Austria-Hungary
 
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