Map Thread XX

Nine San Marinoes

A1 – Sister Republic of San Marino: The advance of Napoleon's army in 1797 presented a brief threat to the independence of San Marino, but the country was saved from losing its liberty by one of its regents, Antonio Onofri, who managed to gain the respect and friendship of Napoleon. Due to Onofri's intervention, Napoleon promised to guarantee and protect the independence of the Republic, even offering to extend its territory according to its needs. The offer was gratefully accepted by the regents.

A2 – Grand Duchy of Serravalle: From 1499 to 1503, Cesare Borgia carved out a state for himself in Central Italy. In 1503, he occupied the Republic and moved its capital to Serravalle. However, after the death of his father, Pope Alexander VI, in the same year, he was unable to keep most of his acquisitions and decided to merge the rest into a single duchy.

A3 – Most Serene Principality of San Marino: The Sammarinese Citizenry Meeting of 1906, the first such meeting in three centuries, ended oligarchic rule and resulted in the transformation of San Marino into a principality under House of Fattori, following the example of the other three European microstates. Domenico Fattori was Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, for Internal Affairs and for Finance from 1859 to 1906. He was also Captain Regent 11 times already.

B1 – People’s Republic of San Marino: San Marino had the world's first democratically elected communist government – a coalition between the Sammarinese Communist Party and the Sammarinese Socialist Party, which held office from 1945. As a result of the compromise that ended the Italian Civil War of 1946-1948, several pro-communist parts of Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany and Umbria seceded and joined San Marino.

B2 – Legation of San Marino: On October 17, 1739, Cardinal Giulio Alberoni, Papal Governor of Ravenna, used military force to blockade the country. Considering the period and the expansionistic policy of the Papal State, whose territory extended up to the borders of the Republic of San Marino, the Pope authorized Cardinal Alberoni to “peacefully” approach the borders of the sovereign State and to wait for the voluntary surrender of San Marino people and the following annexation to the Papal State as a separate legation.

B3 – Sammarinese Radioecological Resettlement Zone: The SRRZ is a radioecological nature reserve, which was created to enclose the territory most affected by radioactive fallout from the Montalto disaster. On May 7, 1989, and in the days after the reactor’s explosion, a wind pushed around 70 percent of the radioactive cloud spread over southeast. Therefore, 100 percent of San Marino’s territory was contaminated and the population was evacuated.

C1 – Sammarinese Social Republic: The Sammarinese Social Republic was the second and last incarnation of the Sammarinese Fascist state and was led by Giuliano Gozi and his reformed Republican Fasces. It was a German puppet state with limited recognition that was created during the latter part of World War II, and existing from the beginning of German occupation of San Marino in July 1944 until the surrender of German troops in San Marino in late September 1944.

C2 – Swiss Confederation: During the Unification of Italy, the Sammarinese decided that the best way to preserve their centuries-old traditions of republicanism and direct democracy would be to join Switzerland as another Italian-speaking canton.

C3 – Mount Titan, Inc.: Mount Titan Incorporated is an extraterritorial conglomerate that emerged from the Republic of San Marino and comprises the territory of the former state. Since 2047, San Marino is managed as a large company and every citizen with a valid Social Insurance Number is a shareholder of Mount Titan, Inc. Citizens receive a variety of benefits and non-shareholders are forced to the edges of society.​
Um, so unless there's some background POD here, there's no way the Safavids were gonna manage this in 1730. They're a total mess by that point and just six years from falling completely.
You're right, just having a bit of fun. The POD is around 1700. So not exactly at 1730 but 30-50 years before.

"The legacy of colonialism: who drew up the Middle East?"

1. Britain and France stick to the borders of the Sykes-Picot agreement.
2. Britain opposes ibn Saud.
3. Partial enforcement of the Treaty of Sevres (Italy still gets screwed over, and some borders are walked back).

Russian-drawn states:
-Trabzon (a Greek republic)

French-drawn states:
-Antioch/Antakya (a Turkish republic)

British-drawn states:
-United Arab Emirates
What software do you use? This looks really great very contemporary style. Like something from a news article or documentary.
Do I dare ask how bad it was?
Well, here...
While that’s certainly an interesting idea, I doubt the Russian Empire, as highly nationalistic as it was in the 20th century could have been persuaded to listen to a Georgian. Once the Communists came to power, things would only get a little better for him. Jughashvili lacked Trotsky’s charisma and would probably be given some minor bureaucratic function, which seems like a waste of such a great mind. But given the great contempt Jughashvili showed for exploitation of the poor in our timeline, I feel that he would wind up getting killed for speaking out against the Ten-Year Plan. Which would have been a tremendous waste of a great mind.

Returning to the publication of maps...

A New World 4.png

Earlier in the thread, someone made maps of Britain and Spain having swapped Western Hemispheric colonies. I took the idea and started to run with it, stumbled, forgot, but now decided I may as well put this up here.

Though it suffered the loss of the United States of Mexic, the UK still holds on to the Dominions of South America and South Africa. While France won out in India and therefore seized Egypt (and avoided those pesky Napoleonic Wars, delaying Brazil's independence until the conclusion of the present revolutionary war), the UK still mustered a respectable colonial empire in the East. Spain has expanded into North Africa though it still holds its viceroyalty in the North of *America but Jadusohenia (*Mexico with the Iroquois in place of the Aztecs) broke away, though it did lose much land north of New Orleans to the USM.

The Kingdom of the Kongo was kept independent as a buffer between Portuguese and German Africa. Far to the North, Egypt was able to break away much of the Ottoman Empire before being taken down by France. Northwards still, Italy has been split by France in order to maintain control of the Mediterranean. Out in the East, Iran has seen better days but at least it's still a sovereign nation. With Russia busier in Europe due to a weaker Germany, China has not yet been seriously challenged, but all that is about to change...

I may go back and annotate this properly.
Love the flags :)

You should try Qbam for your next project. I would love to see some more detail and world building in the maps. :)

Thanks, though 2 are just blank but that was common OTL for radical political movements & early modern Asian states.

I might do a Q BAM but I don't want to make any promises yet
I really like the map, but four times as large? That would be 65 million square miles, more than the area of the entire old world, more than the area of the Pacific Ocean, three quarters of which would have to be filled in to make room, and would make the world's land and ocean areas roughly the same. I know this is fantasy geography, but it kinda stretches my suspension of disbelief.
I'm not really sure what you mean.

When you say, 4 times larger than OTL does that mean the Earth is Larger than before to compensate? Or are the Americas are so massive that Bermuda is right where the canary islands should be now
I've kept the Earth the same size. Basically how it works is that when you get into the New World you step into the enlarged lands, however before that it appears as normal.
It's January 1st, 1970 and American cosmonauts at Artemis Lunar Base are still celebrating the safe arrival of a supply shipment that arrived on Christmas Day

President Nixon sends his regards through a videophone call which is widely televised, although he knows the American presence on the Moon is more for show than a substantial investment in an attempt to control the high ground. The Soyuz Lunar Base is much larger and more populated, plus there are rumors that the station is storing nuclear missiles and even has a secret launcher. When Jerrie Cobb makes a slurred comment on the call about looking forward to cocktails with him in the White House, it's just par for the course. Richard shares a jovial laugh with his staff after the recording, then quickly returns to work. For all that it fascinates the public, there's much more important matters to deal with than the Moon.

Tricky Dick swivels his attention to an ingenious plan that Bobby Kennedy has been cooking up that would secure the Democratic-Republicans another term in the White House: the Family Assistance Program. It's time to show the damn riff-raff in the American Labor Party that Nixon and Kennedy intend to play hardball. The man who won Antarctica back for the United States of America isn't going into the next election without playing a few more aces. There are surely some Senators out there who aren't hungover this late in the day that could take a call... but if they are and they pick up, it may come to his advantage. Nixon doesn't want anyone remembering offhand remarks from Ben Franklin.

The starry-eyed dreamers of four African republics, proud new members of the Popular Federation , are still optimistic about their future after a few years in the union, and not just because of the continuing surge in trade, industrialization, and immigration. Many look ambitiously towards their neighbors, deeper within the African continent. High hopes abound concerning the possibility that all Africans may soon unite with their socialist liberators in Russia and China to resist European colonization for all time. That sentiment is growing even in far-away South America, championed as it is by the Castro brothers and all those powerful Cuban trade unions. To Chairman Kosygin, who is catching an inebriated slumber, it's fascinating that despite his continued focus on economic reforms, his foreign ministry is always coming back to him with good news. It's enough to make even a hard-nosed bureaucrat like him drink one too many margaritas.

The leadership of the Revolutionary Socialist Republic of Vietnam is not so easily swayed. The Viet Minh conquered South Vietnam in 1969 and has already captured eastern Laos through their affiliate organization, the Pathet Lao. They are most concerned about the Khmer Rouge, who facilitated the entrance of Cambodia into the Popular Federation and receives substantial assistance from them. Also, the neutralist Laotian government in Luang Prabang has cultivated support from foreign interests, but remains weak in the face of such a powerful army as the Viet Minh. President Le Duan is eager to exploit this weakness...

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I missed this meme when it was A Thing, but what exactly do the letter & number combos stand for? I can never figure out what the categories in this sort of map are supposed to be.
It's just a convenient way to number a grid. A, B, C, etc. are the columns, 1, 2, 3, etc. are the lines.
n Basically, yes

Man, that's going to screw with the heads of the natural philosophers for the next few centuries (on the positive side, we'll get an FTL star drive in 1902. :biggrin: ).

Reminds me of Baxter's "The Pacific Mystery", although in that case the Pacific's spacetime geometry is so weird it might be effectively infinite.
This is my cover for what the world looks like in Nineteen Eighty-Four, based partially off the information from Nineteen Eighty-Four Graphics.

The timeline diverges in 1950 when the Korean War escalates into a nuclear exchange between the USA and the USSR and their respective allies.

It isn’t exactly known what happened afterwards (partially due to the machinations of the Minitru and its counterparts), but here’s a rough outline:

The governments of the USA (Washington was leveled by Soviet nukes, causing a power vacuum after the entire chain of succession was vaporized), UK and British Dominions were overthrown by Socialist movements within them, which proceeded to merge into the English Socialist Party of the newly formed Oceania (which soon absorbed a highly destabilized/collapsing Latin America, Iceland and the European colonies in Africa south of the Congo). Initially, the to-be Ingsoc Party intended to realize their lofty and utopian goals; in the early 1960’s, however, a more totalitarian-leaning faction of the Party led by Oswald “Big Brother” Moseley (who remained socialist ITTL but retained his totalitarian tendencies) violently seized the reins of power, purged their liberal counterparts (89% of all Party members at the time, with the remaining 11% becoming the Inner Party by the time the novel takes place), and transformed Oceania into the Hellhole we all know and love.

Meanwhile, during the initial chaos following the nuclear exchange, the Soviet Union managed to conquer mainland Europe; not just the land of the countries that were part of NATO, all of it. "Glorious Uncle" Stalin’s successor, Lavrentiy Beria, would not only continue the former’s policies, but expand them, and reorganized the SSRs so that they weren't all based off of major ethnic groups; Beria renamed the country the Eurasian Union sometime in the late 1950’s.

With the world’s superpowers distracted, China (ruled by the KMT) would launch wars of expansion into the Koreas, Japan and Indochina for their resources, manpower and (in Japan's case) industry, to help fuel/kickstart Chiang "the Marshall" Kai Shek's version of OTL’s Great Leap Forward. In 1961, he declared the Republic of East Asia, and proceeded to join the ongoing war between Oceania and Eurasia as its own side. (Despite what the Minitru and its counterparts say, there aren't any shifting alliances of 2 superstates against the third; it's always just been a 3-way battle royale since 1962.)

And it is a battle that will likely drag on, at least until the pollution and inevitable resource shortages caused by constant war production causes the whole thing to grind to a stop, thanks to the Ingsoc, Novbol and Selfdeath Parties' true goal: holding on to power for power's sake until the end of time. In reality, however, no matter how much the Inner Parties apply Doublethink to the situation, I'd say they've only got until the mid-21st century at most before everything (not just Oceania, Eurasia, Eastasia and their respective Parties, but human civilization itself) crashes and burns.

View attachment 667432

The golden pixels scattered throughout the superstates are each Province's chief city/regional capital.

Go ahead and criticize me if you want, but this is my first map post on this site, so please be mindful of that.
A continuation of my last post, here's my headcanon for the history of Oceania:

Ingsoc can find its roots in the various socialist movements within the United States of America and the British Commonwealth. Society in these countries weren’t all that great in the early 20th century, with America being economically ruled by giant capitalist companies who were trying to squeeze every last drop of productivity from the population as they could; work lasted up to 12 hours per day, leaving little time for people to see their families, do their hobbies, and simply live. Unlike OTL, Roosevelt simply fails to become president, and the capitalists continue business-as-usual monopolizing everything from steel to lumber to the water people drink. Because of this, no matter how much they tried, the worker’s unions had little success or support to push legislation through congress to improve their health, safety, and wages (mostly due to the fact that by 1940, every member of congress was bought out by the very companies the unions were fighting against).

Things weren’t quite as bad in Britain, where the workers were at least allowed to form their own political organization, the Labor Party. However, they were constantly sidelined by their Conservative and Liberal counterparts within Parliament not only in Britain itself but also its Dominions, even as the conditions of the working class visibly deteriorated.

Another factor to Ingsoc‘s eventual rise is that of race. The Anglosphere was predominantly European in ethnicity and background, however there was a sizable minority of Africans in the American south, who were being used as a source of labor cheaper than even their white counterparts, not helping that their ancestors were slaves before the first civil war. A more glaring misdeed, however, was the situation in the Dominion of the Union of South Africa, where despite making the majority of the population, native Africans were treated as second-class citizens under the English and Dutch-descent Boers.

Due to these factors, tensions between the ruling elite and the common people rose throughout the first half of the 20th century. There was a brief hope for change when the Bolsheviks took over Russia, however when it quickly devolved into a dictatorship, that hope quickly evaporated. The situation only got worse with the Great Depression of the 1930’s and the 2nd Great War, the latter of which made the inhumane toil the corporations and trusts subjected the working man to mandatory by law, and they kept it that way even after Japan surrendered in 1945.

Ultimately, everything came to a head when the 3rd Great War erupted in Korea in 1950, specifically when it went nuclear in 1953 as the Red Army approached Paris. The resulting devastation in Britain, America and parts of Canada sent the western allies’ economies into the gutter, and their societies were thrown into upheaval. In the US, the Soviets had wiped the capital of Washington off the map through heavy atombombing, killing not only the President but his entire line of succession, creating an all-out power vacuum. Seizing the moment, the Workers’ Party of the USA had their militia storm government buildings in all major cities (the military was stranded in Europe, and therefore were helpless to events back home), and by 1955 had secured their rule over the States.

In the Commonwealth nations, where there was still law and order, the public blamed the ruling Conservative-Liberal coalition government for the devastation caused by the nuclear exchange, and were soon voted out and replaced by the Labor Party and its counterparts. Almost immediately, the capitalist giants of the Anglosphere found themselves surrounded not only by their own laborers but a hostile government, as were the racist institutions in South Africa and the former CSA; within a few years, they were thoroughly torn down and brushed under the rug of history.

Now that their goals had been accomplished, the socialist parties were now faced with the question of where to go next. Fortunately, the answer came on November 20th, 1957, when Lavrentiy Beria declared the reorganization/merging of the USSR, its East European puppets and its occupied territories into the Eurasian Union, and denounced the western socialists as “fake” and "too lenient", declaring that they were to be swept away by the strength of the newly rebranded Neo-Bolsheviks. The “false” socialists promptly banded around this cause to survive and eventually defeat the Neo-Bolsheviks in Moscow. To better organize their efforts, on May 30th, 1958, the British Commonwealth member nations and the United States of America officially merged into the Union of Oceania, and the various socialist parties of those countries merged into the English Socialist Party. (‘English’ as in the cultures of the Anglosphere as a whole, not just England by itself.)

The government of Oceania was organized into Provinces, based off of the countries that formerly occupied the land that was now Oceania (bar the assimilation of Alaska into Canada and the reunification of Ireland), and the Provincial governments were governed by the federal government. The federal government was composed of 3 main branches: the Ministry of Plenty, which supervised the redistribution of wealth and products, both industrial and agricultural; the Ministry of Truth, which was intended to give the Proles (proletariat sounded too Russian) accurate, up-to-date information about the war and other ongoing events; and the Ministry of War, which controlled the Oceanic Proles’ Free Army, Navy and Air Force. The 3 ministers in charge of them were subservient to the Worker’s Congress (think the politburo), seated in New York City. In turn, the Congress was subservient to the Supreme Chairman, the first of whom the WC elected to that position being Oswald Mosley.

However, this system of centralized government was short-lived. As Oceania was forming, to its south Latin America was collapsing into anarchy. Due to border security issues, the WC decided to intervene in 1960 to restore order. The same would happen in the former European colonies in Africa from Congo southwards in 1963. This is where they ran into a problem: not all of the colonies (which were swiftly integrated into South Africa) had belonged to the British; Angola and Mozambique were Portuguese and Congo was Belgian in former ownership; not to mention that Latin America was culturally Spanish (Portuguese in the case of Brazil), and were distinctly un-English. The solution, devised by John F. and Robert “Bobby” Kennedy, was to decentralize rule to the Provincial level. Each province would have its own Congress and 3 ministries, run locally both in its operations and the people the Party would recruit to man them, while the federal government would take on a more supervisory role. Not only did this reduce administrative stress, but it also helped the Proles everywhere in the country not feel like they were being ruled from some Far-off land.

Unfortunately, the brothers Kennedy would never be credited for their genius, in fact they, as well as nearly all of the other founding members of the Party, would disappear completely from the historical record.

You see, Oswald Mosley, the de facto leader of the largest country to ever exist, was likely the biggest control freak to've ever lived; though the rest of the English Socialist Party didn’t realize it in 1958, they had given a tyrant along the likes of Stalin, Beria and Hitler the keys to the Union. Shortly after the annexation of Latin America, Mosley initiated a “shakedown” of the Party, and from then until 1965 a whopping 89% of Party membership was arrested, tried and convicted of crimes against “the revolution” (most of which were likely fabricated), and executed. Some of those purged, such as Gus Hall and Lawrence Sharkey, had legitimate reasons to be eliminated, however Mosley also purged liberal socialists, such as the Kennedys, moderate socialists like the trio of Aaronson, Rutherford and Jones, hardcore socialists like Emmanuel Goldstein, and… well, anyone who wasn’t an absolute sycophant towards him and his personal version of English Socialism. All efforts and contributions of the purged were subsequently attributed to the Supreme Chairman.

Once the purges were complete, Mosley began vilifying everything socialism stood for, claiming to be doing so for socialism’s sake. The Ministry of Truth was converted into a massive propaganda machine, spewing outright lies for the Proles to consume. The idea was to make them too distracted by their own lives and entertainment to be interested in politics, and for the most part it worked. The Ministry of Plenty’s operations were rerouted to wasting physical materials so that the standards of living wouldn’t rise, and give the Proles more impetus to overthrow him and his lackeys, the newly-dubbed Inner Party. The Ministry of War was rebranded as the Ministry of Peace.

To top off the paragraph above, in 1969, Mosley added a fourth branch to the government: the Ministry of Love. This ministry and the Thought Police warrant their own discussion, but the short of it is that Oswald wanted everyone in Oceania to love him from the moment they were born to the day they died, no exceptions or martyrs allowed. Most of the ministry’s operations were focused on the Outer Party, the mass of bureaucrats formed in the wake of the purges of the early ‘60’s who, despite carrying out most of the Party's actual work, were very, very disproportionately targeted for vaporization, re-education and unperson-ment.

Mosley also... reorganized the provinces within Oceania:

Columbia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia were merged into the province of Bolivia, named after Simon Bolivar; Argentina, Chile and Uruguay were merged together to form River Plate (Rio de la Plata[?]).

Paraguay and the Guyanas were assimilated into Brazil.

The rest of Central America was reintegrated back into Mexico, as they’d been a part of the country when it first became independent.

Britain, the ancestral homeland of all the Anglo-Saxon cultures, was renamed Airstrip One; Ireland Airstrip Two; New Zealand Airstrip Three.

Lastly, the province of America (the former continental USA) was split apart; everything east of the Mississippi River became the province of Atlas, everything from there to the Rio Grande and Rocky Mountains became the province of Missouri, and the remaining third became the province of California.

I could go on with the ways society was torn down and distorted by Mosley, or Big Brother, as he came to… insist everyone call him. (e.g., Newspeak, the Anti-Sex League, the eradication of all pre-existing holidays and their replacement with Hate Week) But I know you already know most of it, so I'll address the elephant in the room: Why did Oswald Mosley create one of the 3 mothers of all nightmare regimes to ever exist [in fiction]?

The answer is simple: Big Brother had wanted power not for luxury or for pleasure, but for its own sake. Worse, what he believed, and what he managed to convince the rest of the Inner Party, to be the ultimate way to express that power was by controlling every physical and psychological aspect of another person’s life; specifically, by making them suffer. He made a speech about it to his fellow Inner Ingsoc Party members at one time, and I think it explains it best:
“Power is in inflicting pain and humiliation. Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing. Do you begin to see, Comrades, what kind of world we must create to maintain it? It will be a world of fear and treachery and torment, a world of trampling and being trampled upon, a world which will only grow more merciless as it refines itself. …

…Everything else we shall destroy — everything. The sex instinct will be eradicated, and we shall abolish the orgasm. Procreation will be an annual formality like the renewal of a ration card. There will be no husbands or wives or friends. There will be no progress, except progress towards more pain. There will be no loyalty, except loyalty towards us, the Party. There will be no laughter, except the laugh of triumph over a defeated enemy. There will be no art, no literature, no science, no curiosity, no enjoyment of the process of life, no emotions except fear, rage, triumph, and self-abasement. There will be no concepts such as freedom, liberty, mercy, or love, except of course love towards us. But always, there will be the intoxication of power, constantly increasing and constantly growing subtler. Always, at every moment, there will be the thrill of victory, the sensation of trampling on an enemy who is helpless. My fellow Congressmen, if you want a picture of the future, it is a future of eternal victory over man itself!”

-Oswald “Big Brother” Mosley, at the National Party Congress in Bogota, 1973
Big Brother would die in 1980, but this would be carefully buried from the eyes of the Proles and Outer Party, as he was "too powerful a propaganda tool to dispense with," as our fellow user troy put it. Despite this, the Party has been going on without him ever since, determined to make his "dream" reality...


Ask me any questions you have about this, and I'll gladly answer. I'll even put down headcanon for Eurasia and Eastasia if you'd like!
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Well, here...

Returning to the publication of maps...

View attachment 667654

Earlier in the thread, someone made maps of Britain and Spain having swapped Western Hemispheric colonies. I took the idea and started to run with it, stumbled, forgot, but now decided I may as well put this up here.

Though it suffered the loss of the United States of Mexic, the UK still holds on to the Dominions of South America and South Africa. While France won out in India and therefore seized Egypt (and avoided those pesky Napoleonic Wars, delaying Brazil's independence until the conclusion of the present revolutionary war), the UK still mustered a respectable colonial empire in the East. Spain has expanded into North Africa though it still holds its viceroyalty in the North of *America but Jadusohenia (*Mexico with the Iroquois in place of the Aztecs) broke away, though it did lose much land north of New Orleans to the USM.

The Kingdom of the Kongo was kept independent as a buffer between Portuguese and German Africa. Far to the North, Egypt was able to break away much of the Ottoman Empire before being taken down by France. Northwards still, Italy has been split by France in order to maintain control of the Mediterranean. Out in the East, Iran has seen better days but at least it's still a sovereign nation. With Russia busier in Europe due to a weaker Germany, China has not yet been seriously challenged, but all that is about to change...

I may go back and annotate this properly.
What's, uh, what's going on there with the Germans and Austrians?