Look to the West -- Thread II

Discussion in 'Alternate History Discussion: Before 1900' started by Thande, Jan 1, 2011.

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  1. Beedok I exist.

    Joined:
    Dec 14, 2008
    Location:
    Centauri Commonwealth
    So that's what he said to get credit for the Prussia quote.
     
  2. MrP Enemy of the people Banned

    Joined:
    Apr 6, 2005
    Location:
    Emirate of Cheshire
    I am up to speed! I do like "Neo-Franciscan". I surmise it carries more of a religious overtone than OTL. Did you know someone tried to set up veganism as a religion a few years back to get tax breaks? There was a thing in the magazine. I don't believe it went anywhere. Huzzah for a throne in Nafplion - will it stay there ITTL? After all, if nobody is espousing "the glory that was Greece", then Athens won't get puffed up. My soft spot for Nafplion would be its undoing, no doubt, as in such a TL, it would have all the cruddy pollution that makes Athens so godawful IOTL.

    It is good to see there's a strong focus on history teaching ITTL. ;) Nice to see state-sanctioned healthcare in Louisiana, although the origin is sad. Remarkable to learn it's OTL!

    Shades of Scotland in our last election!

    In Memoriam, old boy.

    Jolly interesting collection of updates here here! As Roberto says, this business of businesses and of treating men as property is quite attention-grabbing. I'm glad I finally caught up!
     
  3. Admiral Matt Member

    Joined:
    Jan 18, 2004
    You.... You just saved America.
     
  4. Chargone Strange and Unusual Thing.

    Joined:
    Apr 29, 2008
    Location:
    New Zealand.
    perhaps only temporarily. note that insidious little 'yet'.
     
  5. Analytical Engine Monarchist Collectivist Federalist

    Joined:
    Mar 12, 2007
    Location:
    UK, EU (for the moment), Earth
    Past updates suggest that Carolina stays in the ENA.

    As for slavery, I'm not entirely sure that that's the primary reason for the Popular Wars in the ENA. Or, at least it might hang on afterwards for a bit...

    However, old LTTW maps by Thande do have an independent California (for a while, anyway).
     
  6. ArKhan ಠ_ಠ dance monkey. dance. ಠ_ಠ

    Joined:
    Jun 12, 2007
    Location:
    Land of the weirdos
    Shame about the Tories joing with the Whigs instead of the Radical-Neutrals. Here I was hoping you'd make up for killing off Fox/Henry IX. Had they lived, I'm sure slavery would've been over already.
     
  7. Thande a special man who knows these things Donor

    Joined:
    Jan 22, 2005
    Location:
    Großyorkshire
    A Review of the Nations of Europe in the Year of Our Lord 1825

    Note: This is not a formal part of the LTTW timeline. It is simply a review to fill in any information about the nations of Europe that has not been covered in the main TL. It does not necessarily represent every independent state, and a few outside Europe such as Persia have been added. 1825 is the year chosen because this is an arbitrary time before the events leading up to the Popular Wars start to happen.


    ALGIERS

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    Flag: Seven horizontal stripes of white-blue-red -white-red-blue-white.

    Formal name: Deylicate of Algiers. Sometimes called the Regency of Algiers in the west.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy. Theoretically the Dey is an appointed lieutenant of the Ottoman Sultan, but in practice he often acts as an independent ruler.

    Head of State: Dey-Pasha Hadji ben Ali (de facto).

    Royal family: N/A

    Head of government: N/A

    Parliament: The Dey is advised by a Diwan or council of ministers.

    Capital city: Algiers, but since the burning of the city the Dey rules from Oran while it is rebuilt.

    Currency: Ottoman Kuruş.

    Religion: Sunni Islam.

    Foreign alliances: The city of Algiers was destroyed by ICPA forces in 1818. Since then the country has been struggling to recover, particularly due to the chaotic situation in the Ottoman Empire.




    AUSTRIA

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    Flag: Black-yellow bicolour, representing the colours of the House of Hapsburg.

    Formal name: Not technically a single state, but a collection of entities ruled by members of the House of Hapsburg (but not generally considered to include Italy-Lorraine or Greece). Also called the Hapsburg Monarchy, the Hapsburg Dominions, and (only by the government) “the Holy Roman Empire”.

    Type of government: A collection of states under absolute monarchy. This is technically elective, but is in practice hereditary. After the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, Francis II has attempted to revive the title, responding to rejection by the Concert of Germany by arbitarily (and illegally) reassigning the electoral titles to parts of the Hapsburg Dominions. The electors are now the King of Hungary, the Duke of Krakau, the Duke of Bavaria, the King of Croatia, the King of Bohemia and the Countess of Tyrol—most of whom are Francis himself. Imperial power is somewhat moderated by Diets in the states, which are made up of nobles only.

    Head of State: His Imperial Majesty Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Bavaria.

    Royal family: House of Hapsburg-Lorraine

    Head of government: Chancellor of State Karl Franz von Stadion, Graf von Warthausen.
    Capital city: Vienna. The Emperor rules from the Hofburg, the imperial palace.
    Currency: Konventionsthaler (Convention Dollar).

    Religion: Roman Catholicism as state church and majority religion, with some Protestant and Orthodox minorities. Jansenism a relatively minor undercurrent. Some persecution of Jews.

    Foreign alliances: Tuscany, Tyrol and Krakau are ruled by members of the family subordinate to the Emperor and are sometimes considered part of the same entity. Italy-Lorraine and Greece are ruled by members of the family but not considered to be subordinate, though they are allies. Austrian foreign policy is dominated by the alliance with France, the ‘renewed Diplomatic Revolution’. Good relations with Russia also apply to a lesser extent, mainly due to a share conservatism and viewing the Ottomans as the major foe. Austria’s chief goals are to drive the Ottomans back in the Balkans, presenting herself rather than Russia as the protector of the Christians (even the Orthodox ones) under Ottoman rule, and also to destroy the Concert of Germany and restore the Holy Roman Empire over all the German-speaking lands.




    BRANDENBURG-BERLIN

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    Flag: White, red, blue and yellow quarters—combines the colours of Mecklenburg and Brandenburg.

    Formal name: Grand Duchy of Brandenburg-Berlin. AKA East Brandenburg.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Royal Highness Frederick William II, Grand Duke of Brandenburg-Berlin.

    Royal family: House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

    Head of government: Minister-President Karl Wilhelm von Putbus.

    Capital city: Berlin. The Grand Duke rules from the Stadtschloss.

    Currency: Koalitionsthaler (Concert Dollar).

    Religion: Lutheran.

    Foreign alliances: Brandenburg-Berlin walks a tightrope between Danish and Saxon influence.




    BRANDENBURG-STETTIN

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    Flag: A white-red-yellow horizontal tricolour. Combines the colours of Mecklenburg and Brandenburg (in a different way to Brandenburg-Berlin).

    Formal name: Duchy of Brandenburg-Stettin. AKA West Brandenburg.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Grace Adolf Frederick VI, Duke of Brandenburg-Stettin.

    Royal family: House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

    Head of government: Minister-President Count Ulrich von Rostock.

    Capital city: Stettin. The Duke rules from the Stettiner Schloss.

    Currency: Koalitionsthaler (Concert Dollar).

    Religion: Lutheran.

    Foreign alliances: Although economically tied to Saxony, Brandenburg-Stettin is firmly in Denmark’s sphere of influence.




    BRITAIN

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    Flag: The ‘Union Jack’: the St George’s Cross of England (red cross on white) superimposed on the St Andrew’s Cross of Scotland (white saltire on blue).

    Formal name: Kingdom of Great Britain. Also known as Great Britain. Often erroneously referred to as ‘England’.

    Type of government: De jure, constitutional monarchy with a powerful elected Parliament. In practice, now an authoritarian state ruled by the Duke of Marlborough, generally known as John Spencer-Churchill or just ‘Churchill’. Parliament retains some powers.

    Head of State: His Britannic Majesty King Frederick II, by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover, Emperor of North America, Defender of the Faith.

    Royal family: House of Hanover.

    Head of government: His Grace the Duke of Marlborough, John Spencer-Churchill.

    Parliament: Bicameral, with an elected House of Commons and a noble House of Lords. Since the reforms of Charles James Fox, suffrage has been broadened to every Anglican or Catholic possessing at least ten shillings’ worth of property.

    Political parties: Dominated by the Rebirth Coalition, now commonly known as the Phoenix Party, which consists of former Tories and Whig-Liberals who rallied to Churchill during the French invasion. Opposition parties include nonaffiliated Tories and Whig-Liberals as well as Whig-Radicals and Radicals.

    Capital city: London. The King rules from the Palace of St James, while parliament governs from the Palace of Westminster. Both of these have been rebuilt since the 1807 fire, the former in an Orientalist style and the latter in a Neo-Classical one.

    Currency: Royal.

    Religion: The Church of England (Anglican Church) is the established church. Limited toleration towards the Roman Catholic minority. Some persecution of other religious minorities, including the Presbyterians, Wesleyans and other Nonconformists, and the Jews.
    Foreign alliances: Britain is largely isolationist towards the Continent and has drawn apart from her partner the Empire of North America as well. Her foreign policy is primarily aimed at achieving prosperity to continue rebuilding after the French invasion of 1807. This takes the form of expanding Indian trade and industrialisation. Britain effectively dominates the more minor states in personal union with her crown such as the Lordship of Man and the Channel Islands, but this is not true of Ireland or Hanover.




    CASTILE

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    Flag: Same as the pre-war flag of Spain, chosen by competition in 1788. A yellow Scandinavian cross on red, with the impaled, crowned arms of Castile and Léon atop it.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Castile.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy, though moderated by local Cortes assemblies. In practice under deep Portuguese influence.

    Head of State: His Most Catholic Majesty Alfonso XII, King of Castile.

    Royal family: House of Bourbon.

    Head of government: President of the Council of Castile Vasco Trueba, Duke of Cádiz.

    Parliament: Local Cortes.

    Capital city: Madrid. The King rules from the Palacio Real.

    Currency: Spanish dollar.

    Religion: Predominantly and officially Catholic, with little toleration of minorities and little Jansenism.

    Foreign alliances: Subordinate to Portugal and serves her interests.




    CORSICA

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    Flag: A black Moor’s head on a white field. Formerly the bandanna covered his eyes; the flag was changed by Pasquale Paoli to symbolise the liberation of the island.

    Formal name: Corsican Republic.

    Type of government: Constitutional republic.

    Head of State: General-in-Chief César Fiori.

    Parliament: Diet of Corsica.

    Political parties: Not formalised.

    Capital city: Corte, though some functions have moved to Ajaccio.

    Currency: Corsican soldi.

    Religion: Roman Catholicism.

    Foreign alliances: Corsica has a strong alliance with Britain and essentially acts as her only remaining Mediterranean base.




    COURLAND

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    Flag: The traditional white-red horizontal bicolour of Courland with an additional narrow blue stripe to suggest a connection to the Russian flag, with the red on white lion coat of arms of Courland on top.

    Formal name: Duchy of Courland and Semigallia.

    Type of government: Constitutional monarchy.

    Head of State: His Grace Duke Alexander I, Duke of Courland and Semigallia.

    Royal family: House of Potemkin.

    Parliament: Diet of Courland.

    Capital city: Mitau. The Duke rules from the Mitau Palace.

    Currency: Courland thaler, pegged to Russian rouble.

    Religion: Lutheranism and Roman Catholicism, with an Orthodox minority.

    Foreign alliances: A vassal state of Russia.




    DENMARK

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    Flag: The ‘Dannebrog’, a white Scandinavian cross on red, often now with a Danish-Swedish jack in the canton.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Denmark.

    Type of government: Near-absolute monarchy, with limited parliament instituted by Christian VII.

    Head of State: His Majesty King Valdemar V and II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Duke of Oldenburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg.

    Royal family: House of Oldenburg.

    Head of government: Minister of State Poul von Krogh

    Parliament: Diet of Denmark.

    Political parties: Not yet formalised.

    Capital city: Copenhagen. The King rules from Christiansborg Palace. The Diet meets in Amalienborg Palace.

    Currency: Danish rigsdaler.

    Religion: Lutheran (Church of Denmark), officially and predominantly.

    Foreign alliances: Denmark is closely tied to Sweden through personal union. She is a member of the Concert of Germany through her posession of German states. Within the Concert she is most suspicious of Saxony’s aims, but would stand with the Concert against Austria. For the latter half of the eighteenth century she had an alliance with Russia against Sweden, but this is now mostly dead thanks to Danish and Russian interests diverging.




    FLANDERS

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    Flag: A gold lion rampant on a black field. Derived from the Palatine coat of arms of the House of Wittelsbach, and also the same as the traditional County of Flanders arms but with the colours reversed.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Flanders.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: Charles Theodore II, King of Flanders and Lord Palatine.

    Royal family: House of Wittelsbach.

    Head of government: N/A

    Capital city: Brussels. The King rules from Egmont Palace.

    Currency: Dutch guilder.

    Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic, although there is toleration of Calvinists.

    Foreign alliances: The Flemings have a strong alliance with the Dutch forged through the Jacobin Wars. A large part of the former Rhineland states have been incorporated into the new kingdom, not always without problems. French-speakers are something of a persecuted minority after infamously turning on the army at the Battle of La Belle Alliance.




    FRANCE

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    Flag: A single gold fleur-de-lys on a blue circle on a white field. The flag is sometimes known as ‘France Ultramodern’.

    Formal name: Kingdom of the French. Commonly still called the Kingdom of France. Occasionally called the ‘Vendean Kingdom’ as a nod to its exilic period in the Vendée.

    Type of government: Constitutional monarchy. In practice somewhat dominated by Regent Napoléone Bonaparte (Leo Bon e).

    Head of State: His Christian Majesty Charles X, King of the French.

    Royal family: House of Bourbon.

    Head of government: Prime Minister Napoléon Bonaparte.

    Parliament: Unicameral Grand-Parlement consisting of a mixture of elected and appointed seats.

    Political parties: Three main political parties, the Moderates or Bleus (Bonaparte’s faction), the Royalists or Blancs, and the Liberty Party or Rouges.

    Capital city: Paris. The King rules from the Palais Vendéen, a new building as Versailles was destroyed by the Lisieux regime. The Grand-Parlement meets in the Hôtel de la Loi, former residence of the National Legislative Assembly under Lisieux.

    Currency: Livre française (French Pound)

    Religion: Roman Catholicism as established church. Limited toleration of Protestants and Jews. Jansenism is common.

    Foreign alliances: Dominated by the alliance with Austria, the ‘renewed Diplomatic Revolution’, which helps protect France while she rebuilds. Hostile to the Concert of Germany due to this alliance, and to a lesser extent the Three Sicilies. Cold relations with Britain due to the belief that Churchill engineered the death of Bonaparte’s father.




    GREECE

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    Flag: A light blue cross on a white field, with the Hapsburg colours in the canton.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Greece, aka Hellenic Kingdom.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Hellenic Majesty King Joseph I, King of Greece.

    Royal family: House of Hapsburg-Lorraine.

    Capital city: Nafplion.

    Currency: Italian lira.

    Religion: Predominantly Greek Orthodox, with a persecuted Muslim minority.

    Foreign alliances: Tied to Italy by both dynasty and economics.




    ALLIANCE OF HILDESHEIM

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    Flag: The Hanoverian white horse on a red field, bordered by the blue and yellow of Brunswick.

    Formal name: Not strictly speaking a single state, the Alliance is a grouping of the Kingdom of Hanover, the Duchy of Brunswick and the former Archbishopric of Hildesheim—the latter was never strictly secularised but is now administered by the Duke of Brunswick.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchies.

    Head of State: For Hanover, King Frederick II, represented in his absence by Paul William FitzGeorge, the Duke of Cambridge. For Brunswick, Duke Augustus II.

    Royal family: For Hanover, the House of Hanover. For Brunswick, the House of Brunswick.

    Capital city: Effectively Hanover.

    Currency: Koalitionsthaler (Concert Dollar)

    Religion: Predominantly Lutheran, with a Calvinist minority.

    Foreign alliances: Hanover remains tied to Britain by personal union but in practice this is now almost meaningless. Politically the Alliance has moved towards the Saxon position within the Concert of Germany.




    IRELAND

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    Flag: St Patrick’s Cross – a red saltire on white.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Ireland.

    Type of government: Constitutional monarchy, with the absentee monarch represented by a Lord Deputy, and a parliament of moderate and growing strength.

    Head of State: His Hibernic Majesty King Frederick II of Ireland, Great Britain and Hanover, Emperor of North America. Represented by His Grace Richard Wesley, the Duke of Mornington, Lord Deputy.

    Royal family: House of Hanover.

    Head of government: Prime Minister William Thompson.

    Parliament: Bicameral, on the British model, with a House of Commons and House of Lords. Members of the Church of Ireland and Catholics may vote, but with a property qualification that means the two groups yield about the same number of voters (as Catholics are far more numerous but mostly very poor). Other Protestant groups may not vote and often face discrimination.

    Political parties: No formal ideological divisions, although the terms Whig and Tory are sometimes used arbitrarily.

    Capital city: Dublin. The Lord Deputy governs from Dublin Castle. Parliament governs from the New Irish Houses of Parliament (replacing those destroyed during the USE revolt of 1798).

    Currency: Irish pound.

    Religion: Mostly Catholic, with significant Church of Ireland (Anglican) and Presbyterian minorities. Almost no Jansenism is present within the Catholics.

    Foreign alliances: Ireland is still somewhat economically tied to Britain but sets its own independent policies. Since the French invasion of Britain, Ireland has pursued more direct ties to the ENA.




    ITALY

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    Flag: An uneven green-white-red tricolour bearing a coat of arms showing the traditional arms of the Milanese, Savoy and Venice. The colours are based on the colours worn by the civic guard in the Milanese, which is the part of the country that was already under Hapsburg rule before the Jacobin Wars.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Italy. Sometimes called Italy-Lorraine as it is in a personal union with the Duchy of Lorraine and politically dominates it.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Majesty King Leopold I, King of Italy and Duke of Lorraine.

    Royal family: House of Hapsburg-Lorraine.

    Head of government: President of the Council of Italy Giuseppe Beretta.

    Capital city: Turin, although some government functions still go through Milan. The King rules from the Palazzo Reale.

    Currency: Italian lira.

    Religion: Almost exclusively Roman Catholic.

    Foreign alliances: As a Hapsburg possession, Italy is naturally close to Austria and the rest of the Hapsburg empire, but King Leopold is careful to chart a sufficiently independent course that Italy cannot be accused of being an appendage of Austria. Italy’s chief enemy is the Kingdom of the Three Sicilies. The Hapsburg Kingdom of Greece was set up under Italian auspices and is ruled by King Leopold’s brother.




    LITHUANIA

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    Flag: A red flag with the traditional Lithuanian Vytis crest, topped with thin stripes of blue and white to suggest the Russian flag.

    Formal name: Grand Duchy of Lithuania

    Type of government: Constitutional monarchy.

    Head of State: Grand Duke Peter I

    Royal family: House of Romanov

    Head of government: Prince Jonusas Radvila

    Parliament: Seimas. Bicameral on the Polish model, with an upper house of nobility and clergy and a lower house of commoners.

    Political parties: None formalised.

    Capital city: Vilnius. The Grand Duke rules from the Valdovu Rumai palace.

    Currency: Russian rouble.

    Religion: Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy, the two given equal status under Romanov rule. Jews are persecuted, but to a lesser extent than in Russia.

    Foreign alliances: Lithuania is tied to Russia as a subordinate power but one which has its own independent policy in many areas. There remain some cultural ties to Poland surviving from the Commonwealth. There is also a Lithuanian prince on the throne of Navarre. Lithuanians are strongly involved in Russian expansion into the Far East.




    LUCCA

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    Flag: A white-red-green horizontal tricolour. Drawing on the same Milanese colours as Hapsburg Italy, but in a different order.

    Formal name: Duchy of Lucca.

    Type of government: Constitutional monarchy.

    Head of State: His Grace Duke Rainaldo IV, Duke of Lucca.

    Royal family: House of Este.

    Head of government: Consul of Justice Luigi Simonetti.

    Parliament: Council of Lucca.

    Political parties: Not formalised.

    Capital city: Lucca. The Duke rules from the Palazzo Pfanner.

    Currency: Italian lira.

    Religion: Roman Catholic.

    Foreign alliances: The Este family, displaced from their possession of Modena after it was conquered by the Jacobins and later absorbed by the Hapsburgs, were given Lucca as a consolation prize. Their foreign policy centres on trying to regain their former possessions or at least some other superior position. Although they hate Hapsburg Italy in practice they are firmly within its economic orbit.




    MALTA

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    Flag: A white cross on a red field, with the letters ICPA on each canton in blue. Formerly had no letters but the Union Jack in the canton.

    Formal name: Knights of St John.

    Type of government: Formerly government by the Order of St John. In practice, a corporate state run by the ICPA.

    Head of State: N/A, but the ICPA-appointed Lord High Admiral of Malta effectively fills the role.

    Capital city: Valletta.

    Currency: Neapolitan piastra.

    Religion: Roman Catholic.

    Foreign alliances: Malta is effectively a neutral state run by the International Counter-Piracy Authority, although the formerly ruling Knights of St John continue to operate there.




    THE MITTELBUND

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    Flag: Five horizontal stripes of red-white-blue-white-red. Combines the colours of Hesse-Kassel, Hesse-Darmstadt and Nassau. Originated as a battle flag during the Jacobin Wars.

    Formal name: Not a formal state entity. The Mittelbund (Central League) began as an alliance to prevent attack by the Jacobin French or mediatisation by Saxony or Flanders.

    Type of government: A collection of absolute monarchies.

    Head of State: The most important are Duke William XI of Hesse-Kassel and Landgrave Louis XI of Hesse-Darmstadt.

    Capital city: Formally, none. In practice Frankfurt tends to be used for the purpose.

    Currency: Koalitionsthaler (Concert Dollar).

    Religion: A combination of Calvinist, Lutheran and Catholic.

    Foreign alliances: The Mittelbund is an uncomfortable member of the Concert, its states having originally banded together partly out of loyalty to the Hapsburgs, but Francis II proved too intransigent to deal with. Nonetheless the Mittelbund leadership is closer to the Hapsburgs on most issues than to the Saxons or the other Concert members.




    MOROCCO

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    Flag: A broken sword in white on a red field with a decorative border. This is often mistaken for a pair of scissors.

    Formal name: Sultanate of Morocco.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: Sultan Abdallah II.

    Royal family: Alaouite dynasty.

    Head of government: Sadr al-Azam (title) Muhammed ibn Zayid.

    Capital city: Rabat.

    Currency: Moroccan dirham.

    Religion: Sunni Islam.

    Foreign alliances: Morocco’s current policies are characterised by wariness towards the ICPA and the Royal Africa Company and a desire to take advantage of the chaos in Algiers.




    NAVARRE

    [​IMG]

    Flag: The traditional gold chained cross on red of Navarre.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Navarre.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: King Adam I

    Royal family: House of Czartoryski

    Head of government: N/A

    Capital city: Bayonne

    Currency: French pound

    Religion: Roman Catholic

    Foreign alliances: Dynastically tied to Lithuania and therefore Russia, acts as a Russian warm-water port.





    THE NETHERLANDS

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    Flag: Horizontal tricolour of red, white and blue, a.k.a. the Prinsenvlag.

    Formal name: Republic of the Seven United Provinces. Commonly known as the Dutch Republic.

    Type of government: Oligarchic confederal republic with hereditary stadtholder.

    Head of State: William V, Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of the United Netherlands.

    Royal family: House of Orange-Nassau (not technically royal).

    Head of government: none

    Parliament: The States-General, dominated by established interests.

    Capital city: Amsterdam. The States-General meets in the Binnenhof.

    Currency: Dutch guilder. The guilder is considered one of the most reliable currencies in
    Europe as, since the wrack of London, Amsterdam is the biggest financial centre.

    Religion: Calvinist, with Catholic and Lutheran minorities and toleration of the Jews.

    Foreign alliances: The Dutch have a strong partnership with Flanders forged over the course of the Jacobin Wars and are a member of the Concert of Germany. Their main foe is Portugal due to struggles over dominating the East India trade. Because of this the Dutch have pursued alliances with both the UPSA and New Spain.




    OTTOMAN EMPIRE

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    Flag: A red pennant with a gold crescent, derived from the symbol of the city of Contantinople.

    Formal name: Sublime Ottoman State. AKA the Sublime Porte.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: DISPUTED

    Royal family: House of Osman.

    Head of government: DISPUTED

    Capital city: Constantinople.

    Currency: Ottoman Kuruş.

    Religion: Sunni Islam, with toleration (but increased tax tribute) of minorities including Orthodox and Catholic Christians and Jews.

    Foreign alliances: The Ottoman Empire is currently still in a state of flux due to the Time of Troubles.




    PAPAL STATE

    [​IMG]

    Flag: A red-yellow vertical bicolour.

    Formal name: States of the Church. Also known as the Papal State(s) or the Patrimony of St Peter.

    Type of government: Elective theocracy.

    Head of State: Pope Alexander IX

    Capital city: Rome. The Pope rules from the Apostolic Palace.

    Currency: Papal States scudo.

    Religion: Roman Catholicism.

    Foreign alliances: Somewhat dominated by the Three Sicilies, though the Pope tries to be neutral.



    PERSIA

    [​IMG]

    Flag: A white triangular flag with a green edge, bearing the Lion and Sun, traditional symbol of Persia (based on the astrological conjunction of the Sun in the constellation of Leo).

    Formal name: Empire of Iran (known as Persia in the west after its predominant ethnic group)

    Type of government: Currently transitioning from liberal absolute monarchy to constitutional m onarchy.

    Head of State: Shah-Advocate Zaki Mohammed Shah.

    Royal family: Zand dynasty.

    Head of government: Grand Vizier Karim Ismail.

    Parliament: Majlis, currently an experimental advisory body.

    Political parties: Not yet formalised.

    Capital city: Shiraz. The Shah-Advocate rules from Karimkhan Castle.

    Currency: Persian toman.

    Religion: Predominantly Shia Islam, with Sunni Muslim, Alevite, Christian, Jewish, Zoroastrian and Ba’hai minorities, which are all protected under Zand policy.

    Foreign alliances: Persia has a close working relationship with Portugal. Aware of the dangers of growing too dependent, though, she is trying to broaden her contacts with the west. Persia’s chief foe is the Ottoman Empire and for that reason she maintains at least correct relations with Russia as a potential ally. She also faces Kalat in the east, though since the fall of the Western Durrani Empire the threat from Afghanistan has diminished. Persia supports central Asian states such as Khiva as a buffer against Kazakh expansionism.




    POLAND

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    Flag: A red-white-red horizontal tricolour with tail pennants and the Polish coat of arms.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Poland.

    Type of government: Elective monarchy.

    Head of State: His Majesty King John George I of Poland.

    Royal family: Currently House of Wettin.

    Parliament: Sejm. Only aristocrats may vote, but that’s over 10% of the population.

    Political parties: Not formalised.

    Capital city: Warsaw.

    Currency: Polish zloty, pegged to German Koalitionsthaler.

    Religion: Roman Catholicism, with a large Jewish majority the treatment of whom varies.
    Foreign alliances: Poland is currently in a personal union with Saxony and has economic ties to her. This has grown somewhat unpopular due to the perceived manner in which it worsened the 1822 famine. Poland also desires to win back territory from the Prussian remnant.




    PORTUGAL

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    Flag: The Portuguese coat of arms on a white field.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Portugal.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy, but with some experiments in parliaments.

    Head of State: His Most Faithful Majesty John VI, King of Portugal and the Algarves.

    Royal family: House of Braganza.

    Head of government: Jorge Dias de Oliveira, Marquess of Palmela

    Parliament: No formal entity as of yet.

    Capital city: Lisbon. The King rules from the Palácio das Necessidades.

    Currency: Portuguese real.

    Religion: Roman Catholicism predominant and official, with a minor Jansenist strain.
    Foreign alliances: Portugal has strong influence over Castile. Her former alliance with the UPSA was broken by Portugal joining the Third Platinean War against the UPSA. Portugal’s chief foe is the Netherlands due to the two fighting over the East India trade.




    PRUSSIA

    [​IMG]

    Flag: A black Scandinavian cross on white with a black Prussian eagle in the canton.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Prussia.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Majesty King Henry Frederick I, King of Prussia.

    Royal family: House of Hohenzollern.

    Head of government: Count Wilhelm von der Trenck.

    Capital city: Marienburg.

    Currency: Konventionsthaler (Convention Dollar).

    Religion: The ruling elite are Lutheran, but a majority of the population are Catholic Poles.

    Foreign alliances: The remnant of Prussia wants nothing more than to regain some of her former territories within the old Holy Roman Empire, and there is no deal with the devil she will not make to attempt that goal.




    RAGUSA

    [​IMG]

    Flag: A representation of St Blaise and the letters ‘S.B.’ on a white field.

    Formal name: Republic of Ragusa. Also known as the Republic of Dubrovnik.

    Type of government: Oligarchic republic.

    Head of State: Rector of Ragusa (elected monthly).

    Parliament: Consilium Major (Grand Council).

    Capital city: Dubrovnik.

    Currency: Ragusa perpera.

    Religion: Roman Catholic.

    Foreign alliances: A tributary state of the Ottoman Empire.




    RUSSIA

    [​IMG]

    Flag: White-blue-red horizontal tricolour, supposedly created by Peter the Great in imitation of the Dutch flag.

    Formal name: Empire of All Russias, or Russian Empire.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Imperial Majesty Paul I, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias.

    Royal family: House of Romanov.

    Head of government: N/A

    Capital city: St Petersburg. The Tsar rules from the Winter Palace.

    Currency: Russian ruble.

    Religion: Russian Orthodox Church. Religious minorities often face persecution, especially the Jews. However, some German Protestant sects are tolerated and have settled in Russia.
    Foreign alliances: In the eighteenth century Russia pursued an alliance with Denmark against Sweden, but this has largely come to an end due to Danish and Russian interests diverging. Russia enjoys fairly good relations with Austria, largely due to the Ottoman Empire being seen as a common foe. Lithuania, Courland and Navarre are all ruled by Russian-associated rulers. Russia has also established relations with Korea, Persia and the Kazakh Khaganate. In the east her major goal has been to establish trade with China and Japan, but thus far this has mainly taken the form of inadvertently toppling both their governments.




    SARDINIA

    [​IMG]

    Flag: A white cross on a red field with a blue border.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Sardinia.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: King Victor Felix I of Sardinia.

    Royal family: House of Savoy.

    Capital city: Cagliari.

    Currency: Neapolitan piastra.

    Religion: Roman Catholic.

    Foreign alliances: The remnant of the Savoyard empire is seen by its ruler as nothing more than a stepping stone to try and regain some of his family’s former glory. Due to its enmity towards the Hapsburgs, Sardinia is in the Three Sicilies’ political orbit.




    SAXONY

    [​IMG]

    Flag: A white-green-white horizontal tricolour. The Saxon coat of arms uses the colours black, yellow and green, so to avoid confusion with Hapsburg yellow and black they have taken the only unique colour and put it against a white background.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Saxony.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Majesty King John George V of Saxony and Protector of Thuringia.
    Royal family: House of Wettin.

    Head of government: Chancellor Gottfried von Lingenthal.

    Capital city: Dresden. The King rules from Dresden Castle, also called the Residenzschloss.

    Currency: Koalitionsthaler (Concert Dollar).

    Religion: Predominantly Lutheran. The royal family is mostly Catholic but, paradoxically, other Catholics are often discriminated against.

    Foreign alliances: Saxony has ambitions to lead the Concert of Germany and is considered the main enemy of Austria within Germany, particularly considering how Saxony built up her power during the eighteenth century precisely because Austria saw her as a loyal puppet. Economically she dominates more than half the Concert and the Koalitionsthaler is based on the old Saxon dollar.




    SWABIA

    [​IMG]

    Flag: Three black lions on a gold field.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Swabia.

    Type of government: Mostly absolute monarchy, with some constitutional reforms towards a Diet.

    Head of State: His Majesty King Frederick IV, King of Swabia.

    Royal family: House of Württemberg.

    Head of government: Michael Elchingener.

    Capital city: Stuttgart.

    Currency: Koalitionsthaler (Concert Dollar).

    Religion: Catholics and Lutherans have equal status.

    Foreign alliances: Swabia is a firm member of the Concert of Germany and is particularly paranoid about the Hapsburgs, as they are surrounded on three sides by Hapsburg territory and Francis II’s fury at the Swabians escaping punishment for collaboration with the French is well known.




    SWEDEN

    [​IMG]

    Flag: A yellow Scandinavian cross on blue, now usually with the Danish/Swedish jack in the canton.

    Formal name: Kingdom of Sweden.

    Type of government: Constitutional monarchy.

    Head of State: His Majesty King Valdemar II and V of Sweden, Denmark andNorway, Duke of Oldenburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg.

    Royal family: House of Oldenburg .

    Head of government: Lord High Chancellor Carl Ludvig Ehrensvärd.

    Parliament: Riksdag, based on Four Estates: nobility, clergy, burghers and peasants.
    Political parties: Old division of ‘Hats’ and ‘Caps’ still used to some extent, though Hats have been out of power for so long that the real division is between factions of the Caps.

    Capital city: Stockholm. The Four Estates of the Riksdag meet separately and in various buildings.

    Currency: Swedish riksdaler.

    Religion: Church of Sweden (Lutheran).

    Foreign alliances: Sweden is closely tied to Denmark through personal union and is somewhat dominated by her.




    THREE SICILIES

    [​IMG]

    Flag: Quartered representations of Naples, Sicily, Aragon and Romagna.

    Formal name: Technically the Kingdoms of Naples, Sicily and Aragon are all separate states. However they are often administered as a unit and are nicknamed the Kingdom of the Three Sicilies.

    Type of government: Absolute monarchy.

    Head of State: His Majesty King Gennaro I, King of Naples, Sicily and Aragon and Protector of the Patrimony of St Peter.

    Royal family: House of Bourbon.

    Head of government: President of the Council of Naples Pere de Portolà.

    Capital city: Naples. The King rules from the Palazzo Reale.

    Currency: Neapolitan piastre.

    Religion: Roman Catholic with little to no Jansenism.

    Foreign alliances: The Three Sicilies has a gentleman’s agreement with Portugal to keep Spain divided. Her major foe is Hapsburg Italy, meaning she has established alliances with the Concert Powers in Germany to keep the Hapsburgs in check. She also now possesses Tunis as a colony after conquering it during the Ottoman Time of Troubles.
     
    Last edited: Mar 6, 2011
  8. Thande a special man who knows these things Donor

    Joined:
    Jan 22, 2005
    Location:
    Großyorkshire
    Have you got all that? Good--because soon it's all going to change.
     
  9. LordInsane Supporter of the Alliance

    The post of Riksdrots was ressurected in this timeline too - only, it wasn't removed again?
     
  10. Thande a special man who knows these things Donor

    Joined:
    Jan 22, 2005
    Location:
    Großyorkshire
    Yes. Well, not yet, anyway. In fact the post is rather more important considering he basically acts as the Danish king's viceroy in Stockholm.
     
  11. LordInsane Supporter of the Alliance

    Hm... why was the position of Lord High Justiciar ressurected in LTTW? From what I gather from OTL, its restoration had to do with Gustav III's coup and the the resulting weakening of the President of the Chancellery - IIRC, that coup or an analogue didn't happen here (as hinted at by the survival of the Caps and Hats). Er, it might (but then, it might not) also make sense for the Danish king's de-facto viceroy to be the one in charge of foreign policy (among other things) rather than the one in charge of the courts.
     
  12. Thande a special man who knows these things Donor

    Joined:
    Jan 22, 2005
    Location:
    Großyorkshire
    Possibly, I basically had in mind the idea that the LHJ happened to be the senior member of the Privy Council at the time of the death of the King of Sweden so he ended up being the one who negotiated the end of the Great Baltic War, and then in subsequent years the later LHJs remained the head of the Privy Council and effective Viceroy purely by default. You can argue the Danes wouldn't want a Swedish Chancellor anyway as they would want to control Swedish foreign policy.
     
  13. IchBinDieKaiser Casual Historian

    Joined:
    Jul 22, 2008
    Location:
    California
    Very interesting. This timeline is so massive that I haven't even attempted reading it yet, even though I have the whole thing copy pasted on a word file. It's just so intimidating. I don't know how you find the time, but good job. I think I will start reading it... right... about... NOW!
     
  14. Thande a special man who knows these things Donor

    Joined:
    Jan 22, 2005
    Location:
    Großyorkshire
    That's basically why I do these occasional summary things, to remind everyone of the overall situation and to encourage casual readers to read the whole thing to figure out how it got to this.
     
  15. LordInsane Supporter of the Alliance

    Well, my wonder was because, uhm, the President of the Chancellery was the senior member (the clearly senior member) since 1684, and - although my sources aren't very detailed, to say the least, so I may be overinterpreting - the Privy Council went perfectly fine without a Lord High Justiciar, and its ressurection had more to do with the King wanting to weaken the Privy Council than anything, while the President of the Chancellery* had authority over a wide range of areas.:eek:
    *I think that would be the translation of 'Kanslipresidenten'.
     
  16. Thande a special man who knows these things Donor

    Joined:
    Jan 22, 2005
    Location:
    Großyorkshire
    OK then, I'll change it.
     
  17. ArKhan ಠ_ಠ dance monkey. dance. ಠ_ಠ

    Joined:
    Jun 12, 2007
    Location:
    Land of the weirdos
    I noticed you said "Countess of Tyrol". Knowing you that little detail is going to be important later on...
     
  18. SavoyTruffle Rabbit Tank

    Joined:
    Sep 14, 2010
    Location:
    Touto
    So quickly? Not even the borders set at the Congress of Vienna in OTL changed that fast, but then again, you could parallel this with the post-Versailles borders.
     
  19. ArKhan ಠ_ಠ dance monkey. dance. ಠ_ಠ

    Joined:
    Jun 12, 2007
    Location:
    Land of the weirdos
    Can we get an updated map first?
     
  20. MrP Enemy of the people Banned

    Joined:
    Apr 6, 2005
    Location:
    Emirate of Cheshire
    Of lots of little gems, my favourite is surely this.

    Heheheheheh! :D
     
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