List Political Parties of Alternate Countries

What this should be (and maybe it should also be in another forum) is an alternate country and that alternate country's political parties, just as it says on the tin. This can be as little as names and vague positions, or it can incorporate history, prominent politicians, etc.

As sort of a template, and further explanation:

Party -- info (founded, by, split off from, seats, ideology, etc.)
And as long as is necessary.

What could be done is, one person names a country and maybe gives some background, then the next person gives the parties, and names the next country. You get the idea. I think the best way for the thread to work is to do this, but at the same time people can post their own countries and parties.

First: Commonwealth of New England

(I'd prefer people be more detailed, but that's your decision.)
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I think one coherent project per post is going to attract more support. If I may:

Kingdom of England
(Succeeded English nation within the United Kingdom during Great Collapse of 1931)

Workers' Party
Led by Michael Seston, Prime Minister since 2009. Founded in 1930 as the United Kingdom began to unravel and has maintained its ideology of Democratic Socialism despite a split from the 'modernising faction' of the party in the 1970s. These members were formally expelled by leader Jack Jones at the tumultuous party conference of 1976. One of two parties competing for the title of 'the natural party of government' having formed as many administrations as the current opposition, the...

Democratic Party
This centre-right party is led by John Dee and was founded in 1933 out of the ashes of the Conservative and Liberal Parties (who both completely failed to dent the first Parliamentary elections to the Bullring Parliament). Traditionally soft on economic regulation and quietly socially conservative, its own struggles include a turbulent 1980s in which populist members such as Peggy Percy called on then-leader Quentin Mackenzie to finally harden the party's attitude to the big national trade unions that have controlled much of the economy since the 1930s. Percy and her supporters failed, and to this day the Democrats' position when in government is one of 'unenthusiastic co-operation' with the unions.

Mebyon Kernow
Established in 1979 and led by current Cornish First Minister Dick Cole, this party has quietly and reliably shut out the 'big two' from about half the seats in Cornwall in every General Election since 1985. A referendum on Cornish independence has been arranged for 2014, with polls showing that the Nationalist lead is within the margin of error.

Douglas Carswell rebranded the Freedom Party in 2010 into a far cuddlier entity. Still with an uncompromising attitude towards 'union power' and 'economic migrants', however, it remains increasingly popular with young people in England and may well become a serious parliamentary force as this generation reaches maturity. They currently hold 9 seats in the Bullring.

Moderate Party
Led by Yvette Balls, this party was founded by Tony Crosland in the wake of the Expulsion of 1976. Today it holds 34 seats in parliament and has, bizarrely, governed in coalition with its hated ideological enemies the Workers' Party. Advocating social democracy over democratic socialism, it remains a perpetual third or fourth party.

English Union of Fascists
Founded in 1936 and led today by Kelvin Mackenzie, this corporatist-fascist party advocates a centralisation of authority in an 'Albion Executive' and an end to Judeo-Islamic immigration. Alarmingly, Mackenzie himself was elected to the Bullring in 1999 and remains their only MP.


The Confederate States of America is a federal constitutional presidential republic comprising of five states. It won its independence from the United States of America following its victory in the American Civil War. Although the CSA once had as many as thirteen states following its independence, the nation suffered massive territorial losses due to the Treaty of Richmond which they were forced to sign after their defeat in the First Great War. The Confederate States of America now consists of South Carolina, Florida (excluding the southern half of the state which is occupied by the United States), Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi (excluding areas bordering on the Mississippi River which are occupied by the United States). The current Confederate government rejects the treaty and claims all of its former territory as well as the states of New Mexico, Arizona, Missouri, Kentucky, and Maryland. The Confederate States of America is notable for having one of the worst standards of living in the world, with only Haiti and Bolivia being lower in the Americas. This is in no small part due to the fact that the Confederacy is the only nation in the world where slavery is still legal, with around a fourth of its population believed to be slaves. The Confederacy is also one of the most militarized nations in the world, with an astronomically high military to civilian ratio.

Heritage Party
Although the original Confederate Constitution explicitly banned political parties, the idea of the Heritage Party was first pushed by the Confederate military establishment during the Second Constitutional Convention in the midst of the Mississippi Slave Revolt. The Heritage Party would promote Southern Unity through the ideology of "Preservation". Preservation is at its core a nationalistic, religious, and militaristic ideology which promotes the idea that "the Confederate lifestyle is mandated by God and by defending our nation and heritage we are acting upon God's will". Promoted through the churches and backed by the military, the Heritage Party has maintained an iron and undemocratic grip on Confederate politics since 1922. Currently, every single elected official in the CSA from the President to county coroner is a party member. Confederate President Landon Brothers, the nominal head of the party, is running for his fourth term in 2012 and is expected to win again without any opposition. Under the Brothers regime, the Heritage Party has expanded the nuclear program as well as attempted to launch several satellites to no success.
The names of politicians I've used perhaps wouldn't exist, but never mind, bit of fun...

Commonwealth of Britannia

A surviving successor, if reformed incarnation of the Commonwealth, with a Head of State figure labelled a 'Lord Protector' who takes on ceremonial duties akin to the OTL monarch. The state has a single legislature named simply 'Parliament' alongside a Council of Nations formed out of the collapse of the British Empire which includes elected representatives from such states as New England, Ireland, the Dependencies and Newfoundland. The Head of Government is the Prime Minister who wields most of the power.

The largest party in Parliament, once presided over 30 years of continuous government from 1914 to 1944. The party then entered a lengthy period of decline in membership due to a split over 'imperioscepticism' following the reorganisation of the remnants of the 'Imperial Era'. The Liberal establishment supported full democracy and independence for all states whilst a Liberal Unionist faction preferred a confederation or loose-union solution with a Commonwealth veto. The faction merged into the Conservatives to form the Unionists in 1940. The modern Liberal party was reformed by the second female Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in the 1970s when it ventured into neoliberalism, a direction which it remains on today. The party is centre-right and currently led by Daniel Hannan - the party has been out of office since 1982.

Once the right wing of the nation, the Unionists underwent a radical transformation from imperialists to democratisers, eventually veering leftwards in the 1950s in an attempt to prevent a rise of socialist dominance. The Unionists under Neville Chamberlain and his successors including Harold Macmillan, Hugh Gaitskell and Edward Heath advocated a large welfare state from 'cradle to grave' along with a semi-nationalised 'mixed-economy' with government run power, water and railways. The Unionists succeeded in their attempts, preventing the SWP from entering government after their brief stint from 1949 to 1954. The modern party describes itself as 'social democratic' but remains traditionally a staunch supporter of a Council of Nations despite sacrificing home union with Scotland and Ireland after a referendum in 1975. The party is centre-left but includes elements of the centre-right and hard-left making it a broad church. The party is currently in power under popular statesman and leader Hugh Grant with a strong 40 seat majority.

Loyalist Defenders (Cavaliers)
A fringe group of nationalists, monarchists and anti-Europeans, the party harks back to the Cavaliers and have tried numerous times to restore the monarchy, they gained their largest support recently from a refusal by Grant to give a referendum on the issue. The LD are thus the de facto protest vote. They describe themselves as 'centrist' but hold polarising views on different topics, they have recently come under fire for holding extremists. The party has 2 seats in Parliament and 18 seats out of 25 in the Council of Nations.

Democratic Socialists (DSP)
The left, the DSP is the successor to the SWP right following its split in the 1960s. The DSP is the current opposition and was recently in power under leader Jeremy Paxman who lost the election in the midst of the global financial crisis after the collapse in the price of gold. The party is still led in the interim by Paxman. The party describes itself as 'left-wing' and prides itself on a policy of wider nationalisation and abolishing devolution for Cornwall and Pembrokeshire.

Independent Front
The Independent Front was formed from the merger of the Free Cambria Party and the Cornish Revivalists. The party has little representation apart from in the Cornish Assembly and the Pembrokeshire Parliament.

Lady Protector: Margaret Thatcher
Prime Minister: Hugh Grant
Chancellor: Vincent Cable
Federal Republic of America:
Oregon and Texas disputes are reversed, as Texas is annexed peacefully, along with the purchase of New Mexico and Upper California, while the Oregon War is a total fiasco, with all of Oregon becoming a British colony and northern Maine becoming part of Ontario. Later, a Compromise of 1850 falls through and the entire west is opened up to slavery. Bleeding Kansas is joined by the Californian Civil War and the Pennsylvania-Virginia War. The latter spreads as "Moses Brigades" of volunteers from New York and New England fight alongside Pennsylvanians. In response, the "Siler River Brigades" of Southern landowners fight alongside the Virginians. This is only exacerbated by the Lemmon vs. New York decision, which southerners said invalidated all antislavery laws. In response to the conflict, martial law is declared by then-president Franklin Pierce. As such, Union troops were deployed to Pennsylvania. In response, on August 6, 1858, Pennsylvania, New York, and all the New England states, met in New York City and seceded from the Union. The call for troops by President Pierce was answered with the secession of Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Iowa. The American Civil War, as it was called, lasted six years, the turning point being the Battle at Newburgh, when Federal troops stopped the Union army from fording the Hudson River and threatening New York City. After the FRA drove the Union across the Mason/Dixon line, the UK and France extended diplomatic recognition to the Republic. An angry public demanded further campaigns against the slaveocrats, so that by 1864 the FRA had conquered the Union and been recognized as the legitimate government there. Land reforms redistributed land to freed slaves and yeoman farmers, and the Old Union was no more. In 2012 the Federal Republic of America is one of the world's superpowers, along with the Indian Federation and the Chinese People's Democratic Republic.
Political Parties:

Socialist Party Founded in 1888, led in the House of Representatives by House Minority Leader Stephen Hernandez (S, CA), and in the Senate by Minority Leader Maureen O'Connor (S, PA). In wake of the 2011 Recession, they are currently favorites to win the Senate, House, and Presidency in the 2012 Elections. Also known for the passage of the National Medicare Act (a single-payer system) in 1958 and the multipartisan Right to Marriage Act, which extended federal recognition to same-sex marriage.

Conservative Party Founded in 1900, led by President Andrew Nichols (C, FL), Speaker Ted Stackley (C, TX) and Majority Leader Leah Michaels (C, IL), this party, known for its social and economic libertarian views, has recently been the party of deregulation. Known most recently for the multipartisan vote to legalize same-sex marriage, as the party of deregulation they are largely blamed for the 2011 Recession, and are largely expected to lose both houses of congress and the presidency.

Christian Morality Party Founded in 1977 and led by Congressman Lucas Maddingly (CM, TX) and Senator Thaddeus Morris (CM, AL) this party is known for its diverse range of economic philosophies and its staunch social conservativism. After the Right to Marriage Act the party gained many disaffected Conservative voters. A mainly rural party which gains most of its support through conservative megachurches, they are unlikely to win the presidency and will likely lose seats in the upcoming election.

Green Party Founded in 1980, this left-leaning party is led by Congresswoman Anne-Marie Moreland (G, WI), and for 32 years has represented the interests of environmentally-conscious voters. Every Green member of Congress voted for the RTMA. They are favored to win one or two Senate seats and three governorships in 2012.
Republic of Vermont (Vermont doesn't become the 14th state, choosing to govern itself instead)

Social Democratic Party - Formed in 1894, the SDP is the largest political party in Vermont at the moment. It is centre-left and champions social democracy and democratic socialism. Prime Minister Bernie Sanders has denounced the "third way" centrist philosophy used by many parties in the Socialist International. It has been the strongest political party in Vermont since the 1980s.

Constitution Party - The oldest political party in the Republic of Vermont, founded in 1810, the Constitution Party is the strongest conservative party in Vermont. It values a more strict interpretation of the Vermontian Constitution. It believes in small government, and is against government intervention of the economy unless of a major crisis.

Republican Party - Led by Howard Dean, the liberal Republican Party is a center to centre-left political party. It believes in strong environmental laws, a libertarian social policy, and a foreign policy that is against war unless attacked or provoked.

Coalition of Socialists and Greens - Traditional far-left party that gets 5% at most.
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Kingdom of Hawaii
Essentially, Hawaii is annexed by rogue seaman Lord George Paulet, and the islands come under the control of Britain. Instead of the OTL re-declaration of Hawaiian independence thereafter, they remain a British protectorate (despite American and French protestations) but Paulet proclaims both monarch of Hawaii (as George I) but also loyal to the Empire - a situation that suits Britain enough to allow the state's 'survival' until the present day.

The Governmental Parties of Philip III
A pro-monarchist party, named after the series of reforms that took place under the reign of George III and created a British-like constitutional monarchy. Despite the party's history, it is highly loyal to the crown and consequently is strongly conservative in nature. Due to the authoritarian nature of Hawaii since the House of Paulet's takeover, the Bayonets (formed in 1887) have essentially governed a Hawaiian one-party state (which had been the norm since the early 1840s). Nevertheless, the party has encouraged Hawaii's limited potential for industrial growth and are concentrating now on the creation of a financial and tourist hub from the United States and South America. The Party still advocates the basing of British troops both in bases across the islands but also the extensive naval facility at Longhill Harbour, which is the headquarters for the British Pacific Fleet and a division of Bricklayer-class nuclear submarines.

National Labour:
The largest opposition group, the party has only once led government - during the interregnum after the emergency abdication of the Bayonet government after the Japanese invasion of the Pacific sphere (1941). Whilst officially socialist in nature, it has faced strong repression from both the ruling Bayonets but also British international pressure and - more importantly - its troops. Indeed, the party is in favour of lowering British military presence in the islands and consequently has the backing of the National Labour Party of the United States (from where it receives significant funding). The party was founded in 1912 but for the major portion of its early life was illegalized by the monarchy. It was only legalized in 1940 to allow the creation of government after the flight of most of the Bayonets before the Japanese arrival.

During the early stages of the colonial era, Hawaii became a battleground between Protestant, Catholic and native religions. The Tolerants hope to strengthen the freedom to practice any religion, although they only have a single member of parliament and look unable to counter the strongly-Protestant Church of Hawaii funded by the Bayonets. The Tolerants, founded in 1955, traditionally ally with the National Labour Party over economic and foreign affairs, and have offered to join a coalition with them (if necessary) in the future. Nevertheless, the decline in religion as a political issue and the continuing failures of the party means it is unlikely to survive for too much longer.

The fourth official Hawaiian political party, the Nativists - with their radical policies of 'returning Hawaii to the Hawaiians' - are the only remaining illegal group in the islands. Formed out of a cornucopia of like-minded societies almost immediately from the islands' initial annexation in the 1840s, the party has never received a electoral majority (for fear of constituencial repercussion) and do not look likely to anytime in the foreseeable future. However, with the fall of Tahitian and Fijian monarchies in the 'Pacific Summer,' much hope has been restored to the 'party's' cause.

There are several other unofficial political parties, although none have a recognizable percentage of support from the national electorate.
Oregon Republic
The Oregon Treaty of 1846 Creates a separate country out of the disputed territory. Over time, Oregon develops an indepedent national identity, accepts large numbers of immigrants from Asia, and becomes a significant economic power. The nascent film industry relocates to its capital of Seattle in the early 1920s to escape US/British censorship.

The Liberal Party The natural governing party from Oregon's founding in 1846 to the Soft Revolution of 1919, the Liberal Party sunk into a period of obscurity before being revived under Ronald Reagan (President of Oregon: 1972-1984) in the late 1960s with a free-trade, socially liberal ideology.

The Social Democratic Party The governing party from 1919-1972, The Social Democratic Party supports Oregon's highly generous welfare state and a protectionist economic policy. The Social Democratic Party currently holds the majority in Parliament, led by Portland West MP Ryouko Tsuchiya.

The Green Party Formed in the early 1970s due to rising concerns about environmental pollution, the Green Party has staked out a centrist position on most other issues. The Green Party swept the Parliamentary elections of 1984, and President Song Tan was elected from the Green Party in 1988. Current President David H. Brown is a member of the Green Party
Nation: Kamchatkan Popular Democratic Socialist Republic. Established 2 May 1920 as a multiparty socialist democracy; wartime government-in-exile existed under the carefully anodyne name of the Liberal Constitutionalist Coalition. The LCC dissolved itself upon the reestablishment of the K(P)DSR on 2 September 1947.

Subsequently a de facto single party state under the Far Eastern Soviet Socialist Party, with one or more token opposition parties (e.g., the PPRP) electing some delegates to the State Popular Assembly but never seated in the Presidium or Central Secretariat, nor holding Commisariat (= Ministry) appointments.

Multi-party politics reestablished in 1968-9 -- with a vengeance; the current enormous number of parties (more than one for every ten thousand Kamchatkans) has nevertheless failed to translate into overall instability. The civil service is simply too well-entrenched, and slow to implement swings of policy on the timescale of electoral politics.

Party System: Currently 22 individual parties (18 holding one or more seats in the State Popular Assembly at present), here presented according to their (nominal/traditional) ideological spectrum, rather than by alliance, bloc, etc.

The Blacks:
- Kamchatkan United Labor and Trades Party (26 seats): Oldest political party in the country, founded in 1860s. Generally syndicalist, but has oscillated between social democratic and anarchist poles; the 'least black' of this group. Remained powerful as an organization even during the period of actual or effective one-party rule, when it controlled (if not constituted) the National Trade Union Federation and was at least freely alluded to as a 'tendency' within the monoparty.
- Workers' Internationalist Party (11): anarcho-syndicalist and connected to the IWW since its foundation in 1905; one of the leading parties in the Revolution but was suppressed occasionally even as early as the 1920s; lost many supporters postwar and only began to regrow its rolls in the 1990s.
- Antinational Revolutionary Workers' Front (3): also IWW-descended and originally a faction of the WIP, one strongly influenced by the Spanish Civil War. Maintains a strong, hard-line anarcho-communist position, and while extremely anti-state, has successfully run several candidates for the State Popular Assembly.
- Libertarian Party (0): Considered a cult by most native-born Kamchatkans and made up almost entirely of American and other Western immigrants. Comprises many stridently competing trends/schools, including pagans, Gnostics, Objectivists, and transhumanists; generally speaking anarcho-capitalist. Very active and loud for its size, but unlikely to ever be competitive for a single SPA seat in the forseeable future.

In terms of defense policy, all the Black parties favor the old revolutionary-era, inter-war ideal of large, widespread, decentralized people's militias; or failing that, universal conscription to create massive reserves of armed troops.

The Reds:
- Khitan Socialist Party (35 seats): center-left and really social democrats more than socialists; the 'least red' of this group and an old player in national and international politics. Has never changed its name from 'Khitan' to 'Kamchatkan' despite the changing times.
- Khitan Democratic Communist Party (30): a party of the Kamchatkan post-Trotskyist 'New Left'; while never a majority in itself it has basically been the dominant party in Kamchatka since it was first permitted to participate in elections after '68.
- People's Permanent Revolutionary Party (7): an original (now paleo-) Trotskyist party, very powerful from the first decade after the Revolution into the 1950s, but became cautious under Soviet domination in the late '40s, failed to regain ground after the Thaw, and lost much of its membership and impetus to the KDCP in the late '60s and early '70s.
- Far Eastern Soviet Socialist Party (CPK) (4): Formerly known as the Communist Party of Kamchatka; claims legitimacy as the heir of orthodox (Soviet) communism against the FESSP. The dominant, Soviet-backed/aligned party from the end of WWII through the 1960s. Went from representing >85% of the electorate in 1966 to <10% in 1976. Has since developed a strongly technocratic slant.

The Greens:
- Green Party of the North (22 seats): notably more technocratic and less consensus-based than most Green parties around the world; generally social-democratic with environmental interests. Together with the PAM-ML, a primary focus is on problems of global warming and ocean acidification.
- Native Action Party of the Khitans (8): nativist, anti-technological, anti-immigrant; encourages autarky; much more left-wing than the National Heritage Party but otherwise have much in common.
- Popular Action Movement, Marxist-Leninist (4): Maoist, oriented towards and identified with the Third World/Global South; opposed to nationalism/localism, concerned with global environmental issues.
- Popular Spiritual Alliance (1): coalition of religious activists (both Buddhist and Christian), with a moderate left socioeconomic policy but relatively conservative cultural values. The Khitan equivalent of a Christian Democrat party.

The Blues (national democrats and liberal nationalists):
- Khitan National Democratic Party (22 seats): emphasis on classical liberalism; mildly nationalist; advocates for maximizing economic growth.
- Independent Party for a Free Republic (16): similar to KNDP (above) but newer (founded in the late '90s), more neo-liberal in ideology, and generally more focused on economic issues: free trade, low taxation, small government, globalization.

Both Blue parties share a distaste of the National Service requirements and conscript-based armed forces in particular; they are major advocates of increased defense spending to build a smaller but technologically first-rate military. Both are notably pro-immigration, as well.

The Yellows (what would probably be called 'Whites' in international political tradition; monarchists and conservative nationalists):
- National Heritage Party (6 seats): mildly isolationist; anti-immigrant, pro-natalist, agrarian-oriented; expresses Maoist-derived populism wedded to a right-wing economic model.
- Monarchist Restoration Movement (2): lobbies for the reintroduction of the Khitan monarch as the head of state (i.e., replacing the Presidency); also advocates for recovery of territories lost to Russia, Japan, USA.
- Conservative Action League (1): a pressure group, largely Orthodox Christian and Russian. Occasionally considered an 'Orange' party (= Brown), but at the present moment rather accommodating and liberal.

The Oranges ('brown' in international terminology; far-right, theocratic, and fascist ideologies):
- Synarchic Study Group (1 seat): a largely intellectual circle developing theories and proposals for a basically fascist national (and global) society/government; notably anti-racist while strongly nationalistic; has some pull with some powerful business leaders, and seeks involvement with overseas economies/states. Ties to Alaskan Independence Party and other nearby regional secession movements.
- National Rebirth for Triumph Force (0): an openly fascist and militant group with a small core of dedicated activists; constantly harassed and frequently suppressed. Awesome uniforms.

- Rock and Roll Party (0 seats): Founded in the '80s to bring more hard rock and metal bands to tour Kamchatka. Largely a joke party.
- Traditional Revolutionary Party (0 seats): running on a platform which appears to be a confused pastiche of (rather nostalgic) futurist rhetoric and iconography; seems to be sincere and not a parody.

* N.B., this is written as of late 2001; I experience significant lag time between OTL and this ATL.


The Australian Socialist Republic is a unitary socialist republic comprising of the mainland of the Australian continent. It came into fruition following the Australian Red Army's victory over the Anglo-French Union and Commonwealth forces in the Australian Civil War. Following liberation, Australia became a full member of Comintern. Following the Russo-American Split and the dissolution of Comintern in 1955, there was an internal struggle between supporters of Russian and American socialism.

Communist Party of Australia (CPA)
The official successor of the original pre-Revolution Communist Party, the CPA has been the dominant party of the socialist republic since the Revolution. They advocate an American-style socialist republic and maintaining close relations with the American Worker's Republic. The party is widely popular among Red Army, advocating that Australia maintain its duty of spreading socialism throughout the region. The CPA is also popular among Asian immigrants who make up an estimated 1/3 of the population (polling on the basis of race and ethnicity is illegal in Australia). The CPA's First Secretary George Edwards is the current leader of Australia.

Marxist-Leninist Party of Australia (MLPA)
The current opposition party, the MLPA formed following the Russo-American split and the dissolution of Comintern. The MLPA rejects American socialism as a "bourgeois" ideology and advocates moving Australia towards the Russian sphere. They also reject the "militarization" of Australia, opposing The MLPA's First Secretary Jane Robinson is the current leader of the opposition.

Green Socialists of Australia Party (Greens)
The Green Socialists of Australia Party are an environmentalist party which advocates the ideology of Green Socialism. They are decidedly neutral on the whole CPA-MLPA rivalry and have gained support in recent years. Their First Secretary and founder is Margaret Nguyen.

Anarchy Australia (AA)
Anarchy Australia is an anarcho-socialist party and a full member of Anarchist International. Anarchists were a prominent faction of the CPA before and during the Revolution, but many anarchists were dissatisfied with some of the more authoritarian aspects of the socialist republic that formed afterwards. The party is especially popular among university students. Their First Secretary is Billy Thornton, Jr, the son of the party's founder.

Liberal Party of Australia (Libs)
The Liberal Party of Australia is the only anti-socialist party to hold seats in the Australian People's Congress since the Revolution. The party advocates a return to a capitalist economic system and romanticizes pre-Revolution Australia. It is often the recipient of anti-establishment protest votes during hard economic times. Their Leader is Paul Turner III.

Indigenous People's Party (IPP)
The Indigenous People's Party is the official political party of the Australian Aboriginal people. It advocates the advancement of the Australian Aboriginal people within the socialist system and has strong ties to both the Greens and the CPA. Their First Secretary is Rosa Nangatadjara.
The Rhineland Republic, established in 1923, is one of the numerous successor states of the German Empire and short-lived Weimar Republic that followed it. The Rhenish National Assembly, a 200 seat legislature in the capital city Aachen, has been dominated by five major parties since the republic was founded.

Rhine-Ruhr Workers Party (RRAP)
The RRAP is the Rhineland's successor to Weimar and Wilhelmine Germany's Social Democratic Party. During the 1990s, an ideological struggle took place between the socialist and communist wings of the party. The result was the defection of most of the moderates to the VRB and a loss of more than half its seats in the 2009; the RRAP currently has 25 delegates to the National Assembly.

United Rhenish Movement (VRB)
The VRB was formed from the fusion of several small seperatist groups in the Rhineland during the early 1920s. For the first five years of the Rhineland Republic's existence, the VRB was the party of government (thanks mainly to French funding and support). Since then, the VRB has risen and fallen several times, dissolving in 1937, 1956 and 1982 but always being reformed after a few years. The current incarnation of the VRB is a center-left social democrat party with 57 seats in the Assembly as of the 2009 election.

Centre Party (Zentrum)
The Centre Party is a conservative Christian Democrat party dating back to the formation of the German Empire in 1870. The Rhineland was always a Centre Party stronghold, and it remains so today. The modern Centre Party is the Rhineland's mainstream conservative party. Under the leadership of its charismatic young president Karl Stoschberg, Zentrum took 71 seats in the 2009 election and formed a coalition government with the DVVP.

German National Union Party (DVVP)
The Rhineland's local Pan-German party, the DVVP was founded in 1926 as a local branch of the Bavarian NSDAP (an obscure, short-lived ultranationalist party). It outlasted its parent party and remains an official, if nominal, advocate of German reunification while focusing mostly on conservative social and economic issues. It earned 41 seats in the 2009 elections and is the junior partner in the current government.

Wacht am Rhein (WR)
Wacht am Rhein is the latest in a long line of far right parties in the Rhineland. It advocates economic protectionism, anti-immigration policies, a hard-line anti-Latin League foreign policy, and "pan-Germanic" solidarity. WR has never seated more than 10 delegates in the National Assembly and currently has 6.
The Second Roman Republic - The Second Republic was declared following the murder of Emperor Commudus and would go on as Rome's official government all the way the present day. There are several parties within the government. All the parties use historical figures from Roman past to make them more appealing.

Optimates- The Optimates were founded by Lucius Antonia and are the primary conservative faction within the Senate. They support little change of the Republic, believing it to be perfect. They are primaritly supported by the Patrician class. Figures they use to represent their party are figures such as Cincinatus as one of their's forebearers

Populares - The Popluares represent the Equestrian and much of the Plebian class. While their membership in the Senate is less than the Optimates they have nearly always held the position of Tribune of Plebs. The support citizenship for living in the Republic's borders and moderate change of the government to better represent the Plebian classes. They cite Gaius Marius as their party's forbearer

Proletarians - The Proletarians are an off break of the Populare Party and support complete and total overthrough of the current government and the establishment of a "Dictatorship of the People". They are hardly represented and have only a strong following in the lowest classes of the Plebs and Head Count. They use Julius Caesar and Gaius Marius as their party's forbearers.

Imperators - The Imperators support the creation of a constitutional-monarchy with the Emperor has head of government and two consuls as head of state. They were orginally reactionaries within the Senate but have since modified their positon. They have followers in nearly all classes of Roman society but not enough to form a majority to take control of the government. Emperors such as Augustus, Claudius, and the Five Good Emperors have all been used by the Imperators as ways to advance their agenda.
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The Chinese People's Democratic Republic is a so-called socialist republic in East Asia, founded after the Revolution of 1950. However, without a strong and unifying leader following the assassination of Song Jiaoren, elections were held between different socialist factions of the revolution. From the very beginning, it has refused to join the Comintern citing national sovereignty as an excuse. The early Chinese government puts a lot of effort on industrial and agricultural development, as well as social welfare and free education as in enters the booming 60s. Today, China is one of the strongest powers in the world, only after the Federal Republic of America and the Indian Federation.

The 750-seat Congress of People's Deputies is elected directly by the electorate, a mixed electoral system of party-list proportional representation and single-seat constituencies (FPTP) is used. While "reactionary parties" are forbidden according to the Constitution, even far-right parties are now able to form and win seats. The President is largely symbolic, while normally the First Secretary of the biggest party would be appointed Prime Minister. The incumbent Prime Minister of China is Tan Zuoren of the Green Party, which is part of the ruling center-left coalition.

People's Party
The People's Party is a center-right party which once claimed to be preaching socialism with Chinese characteristics, which has then become the defender of "Confucian democracy". Founded by Deng Xiaoping in 1947, it was a participant in the Revolution of 1950, and was considered a mainstream socialist party. However, Deng himself has moved the party to the right in the disguise of Third Way Politics since 1970. After winning the election of 1974, the People's Party began introducing market reforms in the name of pushing towards the "social market economy", effectively making China a socialist republic-in-name-only. In the 1980s, the People's Party gives up socialism in its platform, and instead introduced Confucian democracy, emphasizing the four cardinal virtues: humanity, justice, propriety and wisdom. Finally, the People's Party platform of 1980 emphasizes the "Confucian understanding of humans", "harmonious development of the Chinese society" and "the peaceful road towards a responsible power".

It was the dominating party of China from 1974 until 1998, after the Sanya Nuclear Disaster, and has since then only won the general election of 2006, though the minority coalition with Republicans falls apart 2 years later due to the end of supply and confidence of the center-left opposition. It is however, the largest parliamentary party, and has 201 seats in the CPD.

Green Party
The Green Party is an environmentalist and social progressive party that has become increasing popular following the Sanya Nuclear Disaster in 1996. It strongly advocates the principle of sustainable development, a more ecological friendly agriculture, better preservation of the environement but also of cultural heritage. Against nuclear energy, it promotes a shift to alternate energy and a comprehensive program of energy conservation. Founded by Liang Congjie in 1984, it is now part of the ruling Center-left Coalition and is now led by Prime Minister Tan Zuoren. It has 160 seats in the CPD.

Social Progressive Party (SPP)
The Social Progressive Party is social democratic party founded in 1970. It was founded by anti-Deng People's Deputies of the People's Party after Deng declares that the People's Party would seek the Third Way in 1970. It advocates economic equity, social justice, gender equality, aggressive human rights protection, a stronger public healthcare system and better social assistance. Following its landslide victory in the election of 1998, the SPP government was reelected in 2002, but lost many of its seats in the 2006 election due to the All China Airlines Scandal, and is still struggling to recover, despite that it has become part of the government again. It now has 157 seats in the CPD, and is now led by Ai Weiwei, son of the legendary revolutionary, Ai Qing.

Chinese Socialist Party (CSP)
The Socialist Party of China was arguably the most important participant in the Chinese Revolution of 1950. It was founded by Song Jiaoren. A Marxist-Leninist party, the CSP does not advocate socialist revolution, but instead proposes a democratic revolution to achieve democratic change in politics and the economy. It advocates the establishment of a truly socialist, democratic and pacifist society by working within the framework of the "de facto capitalist state" in order to achieve its goals. After its devastating defeat in 1974, it has since lost its significance in Chinese politics. Holding 82 seats in the CPD, it is now part of the center-left coalition.

Taoist Socialist Revolutionary Anarchist Party (TSRAP)
The Socialist Revolutionary Anarchist Party is an anarcho-socialist party founded in 1945 and a full member of Anarchist International. It advocates a world without authority, military, law, social class, national border and government. It also considers Laozi the father of anarchism. The SRAP was an important participant of the Revolution, but has since then become alienated. Seen as responsible for the terrorist attack against the presidential palace in 1977, the party was banned, but was revived in 1993. The party is especially popular among university students. It has no single leader, but is led by a joint executive committee. It has 33 seats in the CPD.

National Socialist Party of China (NSPC)
The USPC was split from the Socialist Party of China just after the assassination of Song Jiaoren. Today, it advocates extreme nationalism, while supporting the establishment of a true workers' state by overthrowing the "evil market system that has ruined the fruits of the revolution". It is currently led by the charismatic Bo Xilai, and has 29 seats in the CPD.

People's National Frontier (PNF)
The PNF is a far-right nationalist party, formed after its split from the NSPC in 1965. It is a militarist party, and is often accused of being racist. The People's Constitutional Court rules that the party is constitutional and legal after being sued by the government, but the restriction against non-Han Chinese joining the party is declared unconstitutional. It supports the revival of the ancient Tang Dynasty, and the invasion of former historical territories of China now occupied by foreign powers. It also denounces democracy as useless. It is now led by former Colonel Zhu Chenghu, who was fired due to his controversial remarks that China has the right to invade Korea as it was part of the ancient Chinese territories. It now has 24 seats in the CPD.

Republican Party
The Republican Party is a classical liberal and rightist party formed in 1990. It supports the abolition of the socialist state, economic liberalism and measures like reduced bureaucracy, privatisation, deregulation, removal of subsidies and the reduction of national debt. It has 22 seats in the CPD.

Coalition of the Radical Left (CRL)
The Coalition of the Radical Left is a political alliance of Communist and far-left socialist parties formed in 2008, so as to unite "true Marxist-Leninist parties" to contest future elections. It is now led by Han Deqiang, and has 20 seats in the CPD.

Socialism and Freedom Party
The Socialism and Freedom Party is a trotskyist party (in OTL terms) and a participant of the 1950 revolution. It is now led by Liang Guoxiong, and has 9 seats in the CPD.

Chinese Masses Party (CMP)
The Chinese Masses Party is an anarcho-syndicalist party split from the TSRAP. It was formed by a group of far-left labor unions in 1950. It advocates workers' solidarity, direct action, and workers' self-management. Referring parliamentary politics as useless indirect action that does no good; while the party has run in elections and win seats, it has continuously practiced abstentionism, and has refused to take seats. It has 7 seats in the CPD.

Other parties represented in the CPD:
Chinese Youth Party (1)
Socialist Workers' Party (1)
Liberal Democrats (1)
Independents/Non-partisan (3)
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The Dominion of the Cape:

The Dominion of the Cape, often called Capeland, is a country in southern Africa, and a member of the Commonwealth. It is a cosmopolitan country, with the majority of the country being 'coloured' or mixed race people, the descendants of Bushmen, white settlers, and African ethnic groups. There are also large white minorities (evenly split between Afrikaans and English speakers) and African minorities, mainly Xhosa.

United Democratic Congress - This party is currently the biggest in the Cape legislature, and is from the same political family as other African liberation movements, such as the African National Congress in Azania, the Zimbabwe Africa National Union in Zimbabwe, and the Zulu People's Congress in KwaZulu-Natal. It is generally centre-left and social democratic and draws most of its support from the Coloured and white working class, with large pockets of black support.

Cape Liberal Party - The official opposition in the legislature. It is centre right, and despite its name, relatively conservative. Opposes abortion, same sex marriage, and the abolition of the death penalty (all which happened under the UDC government). Advocates greater ties with the West. Its support is quite racially mixed, and also draws support from across the class spectrum.

Democratic People's Movement - the true liberal party in the Cape. Classically liberal, and has close ties to the liberal ruling parties of the UK and New Zealand. Most support from the white and coloured middle classes.

Pan-African Alliance - Black conscioussness movement. Rather militant and left-wing, and has called for the seccession of the black majority areas in the east of the country. Draws suppoort from the black working class and black intellectuals. It is a minor party, rarely getting more than two percent of the vote.

Dominion Party - Minor party, mainly supported by English speaking whites and recent British immigrants. Calls for closer ties with the UK and opposes the republicanism of most of the three big parties.

Afrikaner Party - Relatively minor party, supports Afrikaner interests. Also struggles to win more than five percent of the vote.

There are also a number of minor parties who rarely win parliamentary representation, such as the Cape Green Movement, the Cape Communist Party, the militant Coloured People's Congress, and the Anarchists' Social Movement for Freedom.
The Ecuadorian People's Republic is a self-proclaimed socialist republic in South America that was established in 1930 when the Ecuadorian Red Army, led by the Big Four - César Endara, Alejandro Maldonado, Juan F. Karolys and Enrique A. Terán, captured the city of Quito and executed then President Ayora before the Army. General Secretary César Endara was made Chairman of the Supreme Soviet Presidium while his most loyal lieutenant Alejandro Maldonado was made Premier.

The two most spoken languages in Ecuador are Quechua and Spanish. Ciudad Alfaro, previously the quiet town of Montecriste, was proclaimed the provisional capital of the newly declared Ecuadorian People's Republic on the fifth of May, 1930. On the eleventh of August 1941, Chairman Ricardo Romero proclaimed a law naming the town as Ecuador's official capital, and renaming it in honor of the revolutionary leader and assassinated president Eloy Alfaro who led the Radical Liberals in the 1895 revolution. The country's largest city is Guayaquil, known by Comintern for being the location of the Ecuadorian Red Revolution's humble beginnings in the general worker's strike of 1922.

Democratic Socialist Party of Ecuador - Founded in 1956 by Pedro Saad in the aftermath of the old Socialist Party's takeover by the social conservatives, the Democratic Socialist Party of Ecuador has become the dominant political faction in the People's Assembly since 1990. It currently sends 125 delegates to the Assembly. Its base of support is racially mixed and draws support from all across the country.

Social Christian Party - The "official" opposition to the Democratic Socialists in the People's Assembly; it was the old Socialist Party prior to it being taken over and rebranded by the social conservatives led by Rafael Echeverria Flores. It still supports left-wing economic policies though it is incredibly right-wing when it comes to social issues: favoring the restriction of abortion rights in Ecuador, opposing same sex marriage and advocating the re-illegalization of divorce. Its popularity is greatest on the costal areas, particularly around Ecuador's economic center and most populous city, Guayaquil, and in the coastal provinces which constitute close to half of the country's population. However, as a sign of deep regional divide on politics, the Social Christians hold little power in the Sierra. It sends 35 delegates to the People's Assembly.

Afro-Indian Alliance (AFI) - It was founded in October 1967 as an alternative to the traditional cluster of parties that have dominated Ecuadorian politics until now and it was a way to advance the interests of a wide variety of black Ecuadorian and indigenous peoples' organizations throughout the Ecuadorian People's Republic. It calls for a greater autonomy of black and native Ecuadorian-majority areas in the north and east of the country. It sends 25 delegates to the People's Assembly.

Reformist Party (PR) - A moderate, though rather minor political party that was founded in 1959 by Luis Noboa out of the squabbling between the liberal and conservative factions of the defunct Socialist Party of Ecuador. It advocates for gradual market reforms in the state-controlled Ecuadorian economy as well as increasing diplomatic and economic ties with the South American Community of Nations. It currently sends 11 delegates to the People's Assembly.

Ecuadorian Nationalist Party (PNE) - It is the latest in a long line of far-right political parties in Ecuador and are considered the fringe by the other political parties. It advocates the complete and utter disestablishment of the socialist state, the deportation of illegal immigrants, the disfranchisement of non-white Ecuadorians, and rapid deregulation of the state-dominated economy. It only had four seats in the People's Assembly as of now which is considered remarkable - considering they've held a single seat since their formation in the late 70s.
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The Republic of North Dakota is more an autonomous entity within the United States than a true independant republic: the proclamation of independance by then-Governor William Langer in 1934 was actually recognized by the Smith administration, more worried about the ongoing civil unrest and economic crisis than the whereabouts of an isolated state. Langer thus became the first President of North Dakota, ruling from 1934 to 1948. The current President is John Hoeven from the Agrarian League, elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2011, succeeding two-term President Kent Conrad.

The Agrarian League has ruled North Dakota since its creation, holding the presidency and both chambers of the legislature to nowadays. It holds social conservative, small governement and strongly agrarian values.

The opposition parties, which are the Labor Party, the Nativist Party and the Reunification Party never made a breakthrough in North Dakotan politics, as they favor a reunification with the United States, which is unlikely to happen due to the current tax agreements with the United States.
From a TL I've been thinking about for a while:

Major parties in the Republic of Alyeska - from a TL where America never purchased Alaska. Because of minimal Russian involvement in the territory (other than converting all the Inuit to Orthodoxy), when the Gold Rush hit in the 1890s the Russian administrators were soon vastly outnumbered by Americans and Canadians looking to strike gold. They tried to outcompete the Americans by importing political prisoners as forced labor for the mining, but that just made the situation more volatile, and when the Tsar sent the military to expel the Anglo settlers, they revolted and declared a Texas-style republic. That's the First Republic - the second one came after a couple decades of American administration, when things went south in the Lower 48.

Alyeskan National Party - The dominant party. Founded during American rule by Alexander Wolf, one of the First Republic's two Founding Fathers. The party is a broad church reaching from social democracy to hard reactionism, and ideological struggles mostly take place behind closed doors in Party meetings. The ANP is heavily associated with the Wolf family (who have occupied the Presidency for most of the country's existence, and are practically its royal family), and the legacy of the second Founding Father, the Russian exile Vladimir Ulianov.

Native Rights Petition - The NRP began as a single-issue ethnic party, founded in the 1940s but relatively ignored by the establishment until the 1970s when tensions over land ownership and white incursion on native-owned property had reached a fever pitch. The debate over the Native Land Act of 1973 nearly split the country in two, but the wounds have healed and the NPR now participates in Congress as a green social-liberal party still focused on minority rights.

Socialist Party of Alyeska (Marxist-Londonist) - While most of Alyeska's socialists remained within the governing party, followers of the Londonist call for a small, disciplined vanguard party to lead the revolution left the ANP at the same time as Jack London's policies led to the Majoritarian-Minoritarian split within the American SP. Banned from 1917 to 1946, the M-Ls were legalized after their participation in the resistance against the Canadian occupation during the Pacific War. They remain on the political fringes, however, and haven't won a Congressional seat since their Popular Front with radical native-rights groups broke down in the 80s.
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United States of America
Technically an 'alternate country' thanks to a victory by Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive Party in the 1912 Presidential Election.

Progressive Party
Initially a split from the dominant Republican Party, the Progressive Party, led by Theodore Roosevelt, grew into a governing party following the former President's victory over Republican William Howard Taft, Democrat Woodrow Wilson, and Socialist Eugene Debs in the 1912 Presidential Election. The Progressive Party has followed a largely social liberal line since its inception, although the party has veered towards neoliberalism since the administration of President John Shelton (1977-88, then 1993-97). President Meghan Ryan, a neoliberal Progressive, is looking to win a second term come November.

New Democracy
The former right-wing of the Democratic Party, New Democracy is based in rural communities and has become a voice for conservatives dissatisfied with the Progressive and Democratic parties. In 2008, the party was founded and surprised many by coming in second place in the popular vote, beating both the Democrats and the Socialists, with nominee Jim Boyd of Idaho winning the nomination yet again to challenge the Progressives in 2012. Boyd is expected to do very well in the conservative American Southwest and Plains states.

Democratic Party
The nation's oldest political party, the Democrats were formerly a big tent party with members from across the ideological spectrum fighting for breathing space in an attempt to establish a party capable of governing the United States. On the left resided the 'Bryanites', members of the Popular Democracy Caucus that favor re-distributive economics; the Democratic nominee in the 2012 Presidential Election, Lisa Lambert of Missouri, is a member of the Populist faction of the Democratic Party. Owing to an ideological split that fomented in the 2008 Presidential Election, the rightist Democrats, known as 'Wilsonians' or 'Bourbons' formerly comprised a large faction of the party, though many of these Democrats split the party in favor of the New Democracy party in the 2008 Presidential Election. The Democrats, once the proud opposition of the Progressive Party, have now been reduced in number and replaced as the second largest party by New Democracy.

Social Democratic Party
Formed in the early 20th Century as the Socialist Party of America, the Social Democrats reinvented itself as the Social Democratic Party in the 1970s, becoming a major player during the administration of President Shelton (P) by helping the Progressive Party to enact national health insurance among other measures. The Social Democratic Party is strongly tied to the Concert of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and its nominees do well despite the rigidity of the FPTP voting structure of the United States. The Social Democrats are rapidly increasing in membership as the Progressive Party moves rightward, and many see the Social Democrats as having a shot at governing the country should the Progressive Party splinter as the Democratic Party has. The Social Democrats' nominee in the 2012 Presidential Election is Darrell West, a member of the House of Representatives from Chicago.

Polling for the 2012 Presidential Election, as of July 2012

Pres. Meghan Ryan (Progressive) -- 38.4%
Gov. Jim Boyd (New Democracy) -- 29.9%
Sen. Lisa Lambert (Democratic) -- 18.8%
Rep. Darrell West (Social Democratic) -- 11.0%