List of Alternate Monarchs and Aristocratic Lineage

I see, though I feel like she’d probably nudge her way in there.
She may try to wield some sort of power...maybe Ferdinand still appoints her as his ambassador? Whatever influence she does have will be of the ‘soft’ kind as it’s pretty likely that she is in charge of at least lady Elizabeth’s upbringing and I would expect that she is permitted frequent visitations with her sons.
 
She may try to wield some sort of power...maybe Ferdinand still appoints her as his ambassador? Whatever influence she does have will be of the ‘soft’ kind as it’s pretty likely that she is in charge of at least lady Elizabeth’s upbringing and I would expect that she is permitted frequent visitations with her sons.
I see, maybe she gets a ceremonial advisory role?
 
Juana I of Castile is born male (Ferdinand/Alfonso anyone?) but has very similar personality traits, but isn't called mad.... This is one of several marriages I could see happening, also I imagine things would go better for Catherine of Aragon here, as her marital value won't deteriorate after her mother's death (The succession in Castile is clear here) Also, Isabella of Aragon doesn't die (nor does her first husband) , thanks to my own discretion and the fact that she isn't traveling halfway across Iberia to get the damn Cortes of Aragon to swear her in. Also, Maria of Aragon marries Phillip "The Fair" and while he's still a tool, she would probably be much calmer about her husband's infidelities.

King Ferdinand VI of Spain and Jure Uxois King of Naples (b.1479, d.1555) m. Giovanna of Naples, Queen of Spain and Suo Jure Queen of Naples in 1495 (b.1479, d.1549) (1) had issue
1) Juana of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (b.1497, d.1550) m. King João III of Portugal (b.1497, d.1553) had issue
2) Juan, Prince of Asturias, later Juan III of Spain (b.1499, d.1562) m. Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Spain (b.1500, d.1563) (2) had issue
3) Stillborn son (1501)
4) Alfonso III of Naples (b.1504, d.1560) m. Alessandra d'Este, Queen of Naples (3) (b.1505, d.1550) had issue second marriage to Isabel de Toledo, Queen of Naples in 1551 (b.1530, d.1602), had issue
5) Isabella of Aragon, Queen of England (b.1506, d.1567) m. King Henry IX of England (b.1506, d.1552) (4)
6) Infante Pedro, Duke of Cadiz (b.1509, d.1573) m. Buenaventura of Navarre, Duchess of Cadiz (b.1505, d.1554)
7) Blanca of Aragon, Nun/Abbess (b.1511, d.1580) (5)


(1) His cousin, Ferdinand never remarries, heartbroken after his beloved wife's death
(2) A daughter of Maximillian I and Bianca Maria Sforza
(3) Eldest child of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia is born female and survives infancy
(4) Eldest son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, since they marry shortly after Henry's fourteenth birthday, he has an heir in the cradle before his father drops dead.
(5) His daughter becomes a nun, and even though Ferdinand isn't too keen on the idea, he decides it is better than making her marry someone she will resent. Blanca inherits her father's impressive longevity, dying of natural causes at the age of seventy-nine.
 
King Ferdinand VI of Spain and Jure Uxois King of Naples (b.1479, d.1555) m. Giovanna of Naples, Queen of Spain and Suo Jure Queen of Naples in 1495 (b.1479, d.1549) (1) had issue
1) Juana of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (b.1497, d.1550) m. King João III of Portugal (b.1497, d.1553) had issue
2) Juan, Prince of Asturias, later Juan III of Spain (b.1499, d.1562) m. Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Spain (b.1500, d.1563) (2) had issue
3) Stillborn son (1501)
4) Alfonso III of Naples (b.1504, d.1560) m. Alessandra d'Este, Queen of Naples (3) (b.1505, d.1550) had issue second marriage to Isabel de Toledo, Queen of Naples in 1551 (b.1530, d.1602), had issue
5) Isabella of Aragon, Queen of England (b.1506, d.1567) m. King Henry IX of England (b.1506, d.1552) (4)
6) Infante Pedro, Duke of Cadiz (b.1509, d.1573) m. Buenaventura of Navarre, Duchess of Cadiz (b.1505, d.1554)
7) Blanca of Aragon, Nun/Abbess (b.1511, d.1580) (5)


(1) His cousin, Ferdinand never remarries, heartbroken after his beloved wife's death
(2) A daughter of Maximillian I and Bianca Maria Sforza
(3) Eldest child of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia is born female and survives infancy
(4) Eldest son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, since they marry shortly after Henry's fourteenth birthday, he has an heir in the cradle before his father drops dead.
(5) His daughter becomes a nun, and even though Ferdinand isn't too keen on the idea, he decides it is better than making her marry someone she will resent. Blanca inherits her father's impressive longevity, dying of natural causes at the age of seventy-nine.
1) Fernando VI's eldest son will marry Madeleine d'Albret (she was already in Fernando el Catolico's custody for this purpose AIUI)
2) Fernando el Catolico will need no excuse to install his niece as queen regnant of Naples when her OTL husband dies. He loathes the Trastamaras, excepting his sister/niece.
3) Alessandra is a rather unlikely name for Lucrezia's daughter. Eleonora (for her mom-in-law), Lucrezia, or...big if, Giovanna (for her mom).
4) a Toledo match is borderline ASB. The main reason Eleonora de Toledo became grand duchess of Tuscany OTL was because her dad, then brotger, were viceroys of Naples (and Karl V had no other girl available to marry Medici. His daughter was refusing to remarry, and Cosimo was refusing to wait). Since that role is likely to go to Alfonso here, no Toledos. Also, assuming Isabel is Eleonora de Toledo's sister, ICR the name,but Karl V originally proposed Eleonora's sister for Cosimo, and when the Florentine ambassador to Naples saw the girl, he wrote back to Cosimo describing her as "una bruttisima" and described her as "exceptionally ugly". And then BEGGED Cosimo to rather delay a few weeks, since there were already marriage talks for Eleonora's ugly sister and honour could be satisfied since Cosimo would then be able to marry Eleonora with no scandal. Cosimo responded by commissioning a nude portrait of himself as Orpheus by Bronzino (was the 16th century version of a "dick pic") and sending it to Naples (and using that as an excuse for the delay).
5) Cadiz is an unlikely dukedom. A traditional royal dukedom like Peñafiel or Villena might go better. Fernando VII only gave it to his youngest brother OTL because he doubted the paternity of the guy and didn't want him to be addressed as infante.
6) nuns living exceptionally long wasn't unheard of. And it certainly had little to do with genetics. Nuns were removed from the dangers of childbed (which a contemporary Venetian compared to the Plague in that only one in three survived) had access to the best healthcare and subsisted on a diet free of the rich, fatty foods nd alcohol that caused their royal betters to be plagued with gout.
 
1) Fernando VI's eldest son will marry Madeleine d'Albret (she was already in Fernando el Catolico's custody for this purpose AIUI)
Guaranteed
2) Fernando el Catolico will need no excuse to install his niece as queen regnant of Naples when her OTL husband dies. He loathes the Trastamaras, excepting his sister/niece.
Exactly. As soon Ferdinand II of Naples is dead, Ferdinand of Aragon will marry his widowed niece to his second son and put them on the throne of Naples (he tried that in OTL with Giovanna WITHOUT a son to marry to her)
3) Alessandra is a rather unlikely name for Lucrezia's daughter. Eleonora (for her mom-in-law), Lucrezia, or...big if, Giovanna (for her mom).
I would say Eleonora, Lucrezia, Beatrice or Isabella.
4) a Toledo match is borderline ASB. The main reason Eleonora de Toledo became grand duchess of Tuscany OTL was because her dad, then brotger, were viceroys of Naples (and Karl V had no other girl available to marry Medici. His daughter was refusing to remarry, and Cosimo was refusing to wait). Since that role is likely to go to Alfonso here, no Toledos. Also, assuming Isabel is Eleonora de Toledo's sister, ICR the name,but Karl V originally proposed Eleonora's sister for Cosimo, and when the Florentine ambassador to Naples saw the girl, he wrote back to Cosimo describing her as "una bruttisima" and described her as "exceptionally ugly". And then BEGGED Cosimo to rather delay a few weeks, since there were already marriage talks for Eleonora's ugly sister and honour could be satisfied since Cosimo would then be able to marry Eleonora with no scandal. Cosimo responded by commissioning a nude portrait of himself as Orpheus by Bronzino (was the 16th century version of a "dick pic") and sending it to Naples (and using that as an excuse for the delay).
Isabel is the elder sister of Eleanor (they had also two younger sisters) and I also can not see that wedding happening. Eleanor will NOT end in Tuscany here (and is unlikely who also Alessandro or Cosimo will become Duke of Florence) but maybe she can end as second wife of Alfonso if he has already sons and remarried for love
5) Cadiz is an unlikely dukedom. A traditional royal dukedom like Peñafiel or Villena might go better. Fernando VII only gave it to his youngest brother OTL because he doubted the paternity of the guy and didn't want him to be addressed as infante.
6) nuns living exceptionally long wasn't unheard of. And it certainly had little to do with genetics. Nuns were removed from the dangers of childbed (which a contemporary Venetian compared to the Plague in that only one in three survived) had access to the best healthcare and subsisted on a diet free of the rich, fatty foods nd alcohol that caused their royal betters to be plagued with gout.
True and true
 
Guaranteed

Exactly. As soon Ferdinand II of Naples is dead, Ferdinand of Aragon will marry his widowed niece to his second son and put them on the throne of Naples (he tried that in OTL with Giovanna WITHOUT a son to marry to her)

I would say Eleonora, Lucrezia, Beatrice or Isabella.

Isabel is the elder sister of Eleanor (they had also two younger sisters) and I also can not see that wedding happening. Eleanor will NOT end in Tuscany here (and is unlikely who also Alessandro or Cosimo will become Duke of Florence) but maybe she can end as second wife of Alfonso if he has already sons and remarried for love

True and true
In all honesty, I picked Alessandra since that would be the female version of her maternal grandfather's name, which doesn't seem all that unlikely given that Alfonso and Lucrezia named their eldest son Alessandro. I honestly wasn't sure about who should marry Alfonso, but I was thinking either a local high ranking noble, or perhaps an Italian would work, the latter would be more useful once he is King of Naples. Of course nuns would have lived longer, but, OTL Juana's youngest daughter also inherited her mother's very long lifespan, and that's with all of her pregancies.
 
For a surviving First Mexican Empire, following the ideas of this thread: https://www.alternatehistory.com/fo...an-empire-survive.505012/page-2#post-21611974

This is what I have come up with so far, and I might develop a one-shot TL based on this:

Agustín I (1783 - 1846, r. 1821 – 1846) – m. Ana María de Huarte y Muñiz
--1. Agustín II b. Agustín Jeronimo (1807 – 1866, r. 1846 – 1866) – m. Alexandrina Victoria of Kent (Charlotte survives in TTL; Victoria is kicked down the succession line in TTL. Agustin and Victoria meet in the mid-late 1830s while Agustin lives in London). Aware of the Imperial Family’s precarious position, and the Republican threat, Empress Victoria makes a concerted effort to tie all her children to the royal families of Europe when possible.
----- 1.A. Agustin III b. Agustín Alejandro (1840 – 1901 r. 1866 - 1901) m. Princess Dagmar of Denmark (crowned as Empress María Sofía of Mexico because Dagmar is awesome and she might be willing to embark on a Mexican adventure; her older sister likely marries Queen Charlotte's grandson so Alexandra still gets to be Queen of the UK)
--------1.A.I. Princess María Nicolasa (1868 – 1917)
--------1.A.II. Prince Agustín Cristiano 1869 - 1870)
-------- 1.A.III. Princess María Georgina (1871 – 1899)
-------- 1.A.IV. Xavier I b. Xavier Alejandro (1875 – 1960, r. 1901 – 1913* forced to abdicate)
-------- 1.A.V. Princess Hortensia (1878 – 1918)
-------- 1.A.IV. Prince Juan Miguel (1871 – 1960)
----- 1.B. Princess Victoria María (1841 – 1910, r. 1866 – 1910) – m. Archduke Maximilian of Austria (because of course Max still runs off to Mexico and their ages match).
----- 1.C. Prince Ernesto Jerónimo (1843 – 1878)
----- 1.D. Alicia Empress of Brazil (1844 – 1910) m. Afonso I Emperor of Brazil
----- 1.E. Prince Salvador Arturo (1846 – 1923)
----- 1.F. Prince Jorge (1848 – 1939)
----- 1.G. Princess Elena (1850 – 1942)
----- 1.H. Princess Louisa Carolina (1853 – 1884)
----- 1.I. Princess Beatriz (1857 – 1944)
-- 2. Princess Sabina María (1810 – 1871)
-- 3. Princess Juana (1812 – 1828)
-- 4. Princess Josefa (1814 – 1891)
-- 5. Prince Ángel (1816 – 1872)
-- 5. Princess María de Jesús (1818 – 1849)
-- 6. Princess María Dolores (1819 - ¿?)
-- 7. Prince Salvador María (1820 – 1856)
-- 8. Prince Felipe (1822 – 1853)
-- 9. Prince Agustín Cosme (1823 - ¿?)
 
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Cristino isn't a name (or a word), the Spanish version of Christian is Cristián.
Actually, several 19th and 20th century Spanish infantes had the name (the male of Cristina):

  • Alfonso Maria Cristino Justo (1912-1936), son of the duke of Galliera
  • Alfonso Pio Cristino, Prince de los Asturias (1907-1938)
  • Alfonso Cristino Teresa (1941-1956) the ill-fated brother of Juan Carlos
  • Pedro de Alcantara (several names) Cristino, duque de Durcal (1862-1892) son of Infante Sebastian
  • Luis (several names) Cristino, duque de Ansola (1864-1889) brother of the preceding
 
Actually, several 19th and 20th century Spanish infantes had the name (the male of Cristina):

  • Alfonso Maria Cristino Justo (1912-1936), son of the duke of Galliera
  • Alfonso Pio Cristino, Prince de los Asturias (1907-1938)
  • Alfonso Cristino Teresa (1941-1956) the ill-fated brother of Juan Carlos
  • Pedro de Alcantara (several names) Cristino, duque de Durcal (1862-1892) son of Infante Sebastian
  • Luis (several names) Cristino, duque de Ansola (1864-1889) brother of the preceding
Nevermind then. I'm from a Spanish speaking country and never heard of that name. It must have fallen out of use.
 
Beatrice of Burgundy b. 1140 m Frederick Barbarossa of HRE b. 1125(a) d. 1166 Philip the Lion b. 1147[1] d. 1220(b)
1a. Beatrice, Duchess of Swabia b. 1156 m. Henry the Lion
2a. Kunigunde of Swabia b. 1164 m. Wllliam II of Sicily
3a. Louis VIII b. 1166 m. Berengaria of Navarre
4a. Robert of France, King of Jerusalem b. 1170

2. Son of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Louis VIII
 
I really thought this would be easier. I could not come up with a plausible backstory for some of them. And the real reason for the change in number was that i wanted it easier
Royal house of Svealand – Sweden

Farmer king dynasty 49-789


Svealand selected their kings from farmers during this period, some only laste a short while before murdered, but others made the kingdom grow and was popular and died of old age. Most names from mythology becauce of the great fire that burned the kings list


Harald 49 – 59 Is said to have been born from the mist


Fjodor 59 – 99


Linus 99 – 115


Harald 2nd 115 – 119


Harald 3rd 119


Linus 2nd 119 – 130


Eric 130 – 190


Sten 190 – 199


Fjordor 2nd 199 – 149


Mats 149 – 169


Fjordor 3rd 169 – 180


Harald 4th 180


Birger 180


Jonas 180 – 199


Karl 199 – 225


Fjordor 4th 225 – 230


Linus 3rd 230 – 231


Engelbrekt 231-232


Eric 2nd 232 – 250


Eric 3rd 250 – 260


Engelbrekt 2nd 260


Linus 4th 260


Johan 260 – 300
Supposed to have had 10 wives with 10 children each


Arvid 300 – 330


Linea 330-340


Linus 5th 340 – 370


Fjodor 5th 370 – 383


Per-Eric 383-388


Eric-Per 388-401


Birger 2nd 401 – 404


Johan 2nd 404 – 454


Johan 3rd 454 – 488


Fjordor 6th 488


Arthur 488 – 491
Murdered Fjordor and bribed the nobels to accept him


Sten 2nd 491 – 501 Fjordors best friend who murdered Arthur


Sten 3rd 501 – 560


Ned 560 – 562


Joffery 562 – 600


Engelbrekt 2nd 600
Liked to drink and fight bears, fought one to many


Anton 600 – 666


Emil 666 – 674


Roger 674 – 676


Emil 2nd 676 – 696


Anton 2nd 696 – 714


Julius 714 – 715
Born in Byzantium and bribed his way to the throne, but was killed within a year by a other nobles.


Karl 2nd 715 – 720


Per-Eric 2nd 720 – 735


Arvid 2nd 735 – 748


Julius 2nd 748 – 78
8 Wanted his children installed as heirs. Many opposed him. Civil war for a year and the kingdom changed. His second in command became the first real king of Svealand


House of Anund 789 – 1065

Stability and the kingdom became hereditary


Anund 789 – 809


Karl 3rd 809 – 825
United Svealand and Götaland into Sweden


Harald 5th 825 – 875


Harald 6th 875 – 888
Conqured Gotland


Anund 2th 888 – 904


Anund 3rd 904 – 933
During this period Finland was taken


Johan 4th 933 – 970


Johan 5th 970 – 987


Anund 4th 987 – 1010


Anund 5th 1010 – 1035
Took the island of Bornholm from Denmark


Anund 6th 1035 – 1040


Sten 4th 1040 – 1041


Sten 5th 1041 – 1050
Lost Bornholm to Denmark


Anund 7th 1050 – 1064 Lost Öland and Gotland to Denmark


Odin 1064 – 1065



House of Sture 1065-1245

Overthrew house of Anund.


Sten 6th 1065 – 1073 Died by poison


Sten 7th 1073 – 1095


Linus 6th 1095 – 1111
, also known as the great. Married into the Norwegian royal family and when the Norwegian king died in 1105 Linus became king of Sweden and Norway


Johan 6th 1111 – 1130


Sten 8th 1130 – 1170


Stanislaw 1170 – 1195


Sten 9th 1195 – 1200
Secured the Faroe islands


Peter 1200 – 1225


Karl 3rd 1225 – 1245





House of Vasa 1245 – 1347
After Sture died on the male side the only living relative was married to a Vasa. The numerical was reset becuace of the uncertanty that people from 1000 years ago really existed. Many documents had burned in the great fire of the capital in 1200. Stockholm made capital in 1247


Gustav 1245 – 1264 Retook Öland from Denmark and conqured Estonia


Johan the Daneslayer 1264 – 1300 Retook Bornholm and Gotland from Denmark. Defeated a large Danish navy


Gustav II 1300 – 1325 Continued the expansion of the Swedish empire. Ingria(OTL area around St Petersburg) and the Koala peninsula taken from Novgorod.


Eric 1325 – 1347 Latvia and Riga fell into Swedish hands. Duke of Pommerania married daughter of Eric and the duke died in 1346 and Pommerania fell into a union with Sweden. Had no children





House of Sture 1347 – 1491
After Vasa died in the plauge another Sture family came to power.


Johan II 1347 – 1349 Died when the brother of a mistress killed him in a drunken rage


George 1349 – 1355


Eric 2nd 1355 – 1381 Secured a marriage with Denmark and as the king of Denmark died without a clear heir in 1379 Denmark and Sweden formed a personal union. In 1381 Denmark rebelled and Eric fell in battle


Gustav III, also called the great 1381 – 1410. Defeated the Danish rebellion and went to war against Novgorod defeating Novgorod and annexing the area. Then married a daughter to the prince of Moscow.


George 2n 1410 – 1444 Took part in the ill fated crusade against the Ottomans and died in the battle of Varna.


Eric 3rd 1444 – 1447 Tried to stop Poland and Lithuania from forming a union and fought a war in Poland and died leading the final charge in the battle of Krakow


Magnus 1447- 1460 Avoided war as long as possible and prefered to arrange marriages. Married his sibling into noble families in Poland and yet again arranged a marriage with the Tsar of Moscow. Brother of Magnus, Eric, married a austrian princess


Christoffer 1460 – 1461


Markus 1461 – 1469


Henrik 1469 – 1488 Completly reworked the system in Sweden and how the army was financed. Church now had to report all deaths, how they moved. In present day many people are happy about this since origin family search in Sweden can be traced to this year.


Linus 1488


Staffan 1488 – 1489 Overthrew Linus and imprissoned him


Linus 1489 Returned when nobels rebelled, but fell in battle


Staffan 1489- 1491 Returned, but had to fight civil war upon civil war. Was executed by Magnus Stenbock in 1491



House of Stenbock 1491-1550
Overthrew house of Sture in the bloody civil war


Magnus 2nd 1491 – 1510 Overthrew the Sture family and then joined forces with Moscow to destroy the Golden horde


Henrik 2nd 1510 – 1550 Sole child to Magnus. Fought a war against Poland and finaly took Courland. Married his daughter with James Stuart, commander of the navy


House of Stuart 1550 – 1680


Married into house Stenbock and got the kingdom when Sture lacked male heirs


James 1550 – 1580 Sent traders and colonists to Northern America. Allied Scotland and defeated England and secured the rights to trade and colonize Hudson bay in modern Kanada.


Henrik 3rd 1580 – 1589 Marriage with the French royal family and an alliance. Defeated England yet again. Also formed a personal union with Scotland


James 2nd 1589 – 1611 Marriage with Austria. War with Poland that saw Sweden take the whole coast.


George the 3rd 1611 – 1632 When Russia lacked heirs Sweden claimed the throne in favor of the bastard of George called Gregory, Poland-Lithuania also wanted a piece and fought Sweden. In the end Sweden Gregory could put Gregory on the throne in exchange for Danzig and Courland. Gregory was legitimized after taking the throne


Gregory 1632 – 1656 Sole male heir to George and ruled over one of the largest countries on earth. Expanded the nation eastwards. Faced a long rebellion when changing the religion in Russia from Ortotox christianity to Swedish christianity In North America New Sweden now consisted of most of the eastern American seaboard


Gregory 3rd 1670 – 1679 The warrior king. In 1670-1674 he fought against England, Netherlands and Spain. Lost most of the American posesions and Sweden realized their future was not on that continent. 1678 Poland started a war. After a while Sweden got the upperhand, but in the battle of Warsaw king Gregory and both his brothers and crown prince Philip was part of the army that fought a battle. The Swedish army was in a bad position and they all led a cavalry regiment in a desperate charge that won the battle, but they all died


Hedvig-Elonora 1680


House of Holstein-Gottorp 1680 – 1800


All members of house Stuart died in the war against Poland and the oldest princess became queen and abdicated in favor of her husband


Adolf-Fredrik 1680 – 1701 Secured a union with Poland


Fredrik-Adolf 1701 – 1718 Reworked the armed forces.


Gustav-Adolf 1718 – 1732


Adolf-Gustav 1732 – 1750


Fredrik-Gustav1750 – 1777
Riots around the country that the armed forces put down


Gustav-Fredrik1777 – 1783 War against Austria over Silesia, ended in status-quo


Adolf-Fredrik 2nd 1783 – 1792


Adolf-Gustav 2nd 1792 – 1799
War against China over trading rights and forts. Joined the navy and died off the Chinese coast


Gustav-Adolf 2nd 1799 – 1800 The mad he was called. He orodered every Chinese prisoner killed. He refused peace and wanted Chinese to pay for his fathers death. Was killed in a coup



House of Agustburg 1800 – 1909 and then House of Vasalund from 1909


Holstein-Gottorp was overthrown and a prince of Augustburg was asked to became king. Becauce of the war against the German federation the royal house changed its name in 1909 to a place were there was a castle


Gustav 4th 1800 – 1820 Oversaw the building of the first railways. Signed a peace with China that secured the border for a 100 years.


Walter 1820 – 1844 Faroe islands were handed over to United kingdom


Alfred 1844 – 1870 Denmark asked for and was granted independence ending the union that had existed since 1400s.


Alfred 2nd 1871 – 1888 Last king who was the head of the goverment


Walter 3rd 1888 – 1920 Allowed the universal vote in 1900. Polish union ended after plebcite. Gave up all rights in Germany after the great war


Karl 1920 – 1945 Russia rebelled and Sweden decided to grant them independence after a few months.


Karl 2nd 1945 – 1973 Oversaw the transformation to parliamentarism. Baltic states granted independence


Karl 3rd 1973 - Changed the succession law so that the first born would inherit, no matter the gender. Finland voted for independence, a vote that failed 59 – 41 percent. Norway voted 90 – 10 in favor of remaining in the union. Iceland voted almost unanimous to become independent.
 
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