King John - a Plantagenet Timeline

Release of the Duchess
King John

Release of the Duchess
On 1206, Eleanor of Brittany would plead for her release and husbands were chosen by her uncle and her regents in Brittany and an Anglo-Aragonese alliance was made and Prince Ferdinand of Aragon was chosen by John as the consort of the captive duchess and Ferdinand was forced in the Treaty to swear fealty and give up Eleanor’s claims to England and Angevin Possessions to John, this was an alliance between Aragon and England in order to strengthen its control over its French possessions.


Eleanor, Duchess of Brittany would be released on 1207 and married her new Duke Consort Ferdinand of Aragon, she gave birth to four children namely Geoffrey(1208, Matilda(1209), Maria(1212) and Arthur(1217)), the two would have a cordial and good relationship, Alix of Thouars would be sent and married to Hugh, duke of Lusignan in order to quiet him about Isabella of Angouleme.


there are three nieces of John, were still unmarried and can still marry which are Alix and Philippa of Champagne, grand daughters of Marie of France, Beatrice of Burgundy, grand daughter of Alix of France and Mafalda of Castile, daughter of Eleanor of Castile, Mafalda is more marriageable at that point, the death of Maria of Montpellier in Puerperal fever after the birth of his son James would allow a further marriage alliance with John and as well as the nullification of the marriage of Maria of Montpellier would not be even needed at the birth of the heir to Aragon and Montpellier, the dowry of the proposed bride with Peter II would include the English claims to the County of Toulouse and claims to Provence via the Countess Philippa.


The chosen bride would be chosen of John’s neices and Mafalda of Castile was chosen, Mafalda of Castile would have given Peter II of Aragon four more surviving children, Philippa of Aragon(1209), Raymond of Aragon(1212), Bohemond of Aragon(1213) and a daughter named Eleanor of Aragon(1218).
 
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The death of the Queen
The death of the Queen

On September 9, 1209, Blanche of Castille, wife of Prince Louis would give birth to a daughter named Berengaria, four years on January 26, 1213 after Blanche of Castille gave birth to healthy twins named Philip and Marie, a few months after she has given birth Blanche of Castille would die and a marriage with Alix of Champagne was arranged, the marriage was far more incestuous than that of Blanche and she was a relative of of both King John and Philippe Auguste and Innocent II would easily grant the dispensation, the marriage was made to continue the peace between King John and Philippe II Auguste, Alice would give birth to three surviving children named Robert(September 25, 1216), Isabelle (March 1224) and Charles (March 21, 1226), Alice’s sister, Philippa would marry Hugh of Cyprus.


The marriage of Alice of Champagne would have saved the peace between the French and the English on the treaty of Goulet, however Philippe Auguste would be wary of Eleanor of Brittany ruling Brittany, whose husband is allied to her uncle.

Theobald of Navarre and his mother Blanche of Navarre would be forced to quit allying with Philippe Auguste and switch to John of England as Prince Louis’ new wife is a threat to their rule in Champagne, this marriage was for John a success in his plans since Louis VIII created new enemies.

The death of the queen of France would create a distraction which would cause Joanna I of Flanders to flee with her husband Ferdinand of Portugal with her sister Margaret to England leaving her sister in law Berengaria of Portugal in the French court under Queen Ingeborg’s care, Berengaria later marries Valdemar II as the second wife of the Danish King.
 
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Changes in Castile and Leon
Changes in Castile and Leon

Ferdinand, Prince of Castile, Heir of the throne since his birth. On whose behalf Diego of Acebo and the future Saint Dominic travelled to Denmark in 1203 to secure a bride, on 1207 this would have been successful as Helena of Svirker was chosen as the bride of Ferdinand Prince of Castile,


The fact that Mafalda of Castile became the Queen of Aragon would have changed the fate of her sister, Eleanor who is now arranged to married the future King of Leon however Ferdinand would change his mind and shift his betrothal and alliance to Beatrice of Swabia and instead Eleanor would have married another, Theobald I of Navarre.
 
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Battle of Bouvines
Battle of Bouvines


The Battle of Bouvines was fought on 27 July 1214 near the town of Bouvines in the County of Flanders. It was the concluding battle of the Anglo-French War of 1213–1214. A French army of approximately 7,000 men commanded by King Philip Augustus defeated an Allied army of approximately 9,000 commanded by Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.


In early 1214, a coalition was assembled against King Philip Augustus of France, consisting of Otto IV, King John of England, Count Ferrand of Flanders, Duke Henry I of Brabant, Count William I of Holland, Duke Theobald I of Lorraine, Theobald I of Navarre, Raymond VI of Toulouse, Peter II of Aragon and Duke Henry III of Limburg. Its objective was to reverse the conquests made by Philip earlier in his reign.


After initial manoeuvring in late July, battle was offered near Bouvines on 27 July. The long allied column deployed slowly into battle order, leaving the Allies at a disadvantage. The superior discipline and order of the French knights allowed them to carry out a series of devastating charges, shattering the Flemish knights on the allied left wing. In the centre, the Allied knights and infantry under Otto enjoyed initial success, scattering the French urban infantry and killing Philip. The death of Philippe Auguste would have meant that the French would have lost the initial stages of the battle however, counterattack by French knights smashed the isolated Allied infantry and Otto's entire centre division fell back. Otto fled the battle and his knightly followers were defeated by the French knights, who went on to capture the Imperial eagle standard. With the Allied centre and left wing routed, only the soldiers of the right wing under Renaud of Boulogne and William de Longespee held on. They were killed, captured or driven from the field. A pursuit was not conducted as it was nearly dark.


During the battle, Ferrand, the Flanders would not participate the actual battle and provide troops as he is in England although he was able to correspond with the troops of Flanders to participate in the battle and the Aragonese would support the Plantagenets on the Duchy of Aquitaine aside from giving troops to the Battle of Bouvines as Eleanor of Brittany and Mafalda of Castile are married into the house of Aragon, the Aragonese would protect the Duchy of Brittany against the French Knights and the English have granted the King of Aragon a claim to the Duchy of Toulouse via Princess Mafalda of Castile, this would have meant that the Plantagenets would retain the whole of the Duchy of Aquitaine but Normandy and Anjou are lost, however the last problem is that the Margraviate of Provence and County of Toulouse is still controlled by the crusaders and they would need to reclaim it from them.


Note: I will change the POD of this Timeline..
 
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