Kentucky Fried Politics: A Colonel Sanders Timeline

Butterflies apparently prevent the assassination of Martin Luther King, which is really nice. His physical health was still bad, thouhgh - interesting to see whaat happens and the reaction if he has a heart attack (likely not fatal yet, but you never know, a friend of mine lost a brother to a heart condition in his mid-40s) in a few years.

Did Jack Kennedy, the former Secretary of State, really mean to say that he'd worked with the president on domestic stuff aand not foreign in that quote on Laos? Well, it's a long campaign, one can expect a few bloopers here and there.

What would have happened in that Labour Party leadership vote had there been a tie? Did I miss that part? It almost happened TTL.

That divide might spell trouble for them in the new elections in Britain, too.
@gap80 another great update
Is it possible Kennedy wins?
I can neither confirm or deny the end-results of the democratic process. :rolleyes:

I like the Kennedy logo.

Who were the "important persons" in Ireland who rejected talks, @gap80...

Other than that, it looks good...

Ian Paisley, radical leaders in the IRA, and the like.

Butterflies apparently prevent the assassination of Martin Luther King, which is really nice. His physical health was still bad, thouhgh - interesting to see whaat happens and the reaction if he has a heart attack (likely not fatal yet, but you never know, a friend of mine lost a brother to a heart condition in his mid-40s) in a few years.

Yes, apparently, MLK had the heart of a man in his 60s when he died in his late 30s IOTL.

Did Jack Kennedy, the former Secretary of State, really mean to say that he'd worked with the president on domestic stuff aand not foreign in that quote on Laos? Well, it's a long campaign, one can expect a few bloopers here and there.


What would have happened in that Labour Party leadership vote had there been a tie? Did I miss that part? It almost happened TTL.

That divide might spell trouble for them in the new elections in Britain, too.

I'm not too sure what the rules would be, as the OTL rule of needing 15% more than the next guy in the election wasn't established IOTL until 1965. But maybe here, this narrow election causes the rules to be amended (maybe they keep voting, US convention-style? :confused:)!

How did Britain cope! :eek:

PS. Enjoying this timeline very much.

I'll cover it better in the next chapter.

I'm glad you're enjoying this TL!

Is it kfc burgers or wendy's?

It's Wendy's, and its parent company is "Finger Lickin' Good Inc."
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Interesting chapter.

You might want to check the second debate, I think you have Wallace called when it’s Sanders speaking.

PM Stonehouse? Interested in this- also how is Britain’s industrial development going? Is the country still falling behind here? How’s the UK/Commonwealth space program going?

Rhodesia will be a mess for the UK. Not sure how involved we would get there?

About ‘66-68 syndication numbers started showing Star Trek’s popularity and it was mooted about bringing it back as the sets and stuff still (just) existed. Will we see the Enterprise fly again ITTL?
Chapter 29: July 1968 – December 1968
Chapter 29: July 1968 – December 1968

“I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel”

– Maya Angelou

For Running Mate, Jack picked Governor Grant Sawyer of Nevada, but Grant wasn’t Jack’s first choice. Carl Sanders and former segregationist George Smathers were vetted as possibly being able to win over southern voters, and Governor Lucey of Wisconsin or even Senator Mondale – you know, “Diet Humphrey” – could have possibly won over the rust belt, uh, mid-western states. But a deal could not be reached with Carl Sanders, Smathers declined out of the belief that his past would be too much of a detriment to Jack’s campaign, and Lucey and Mondale declined interest. Then we came across Sawyer, a dark-horse consideration at first, but he really believed he could appeal to both former Sanders and Humphrey backers. See, Nevada was often called “the Mississippi of the West” until Sawyer improved its image by finally pushing civil rights legislation through a conservative legislature and making the state economy healthier by modernizing the state’s casino regulations, fighting corporate ownership of those casinos, and renewing business responsibility for the use of the state’s land. By 1968, Sawyer, who I think was about 50, a year younger than Jack, had come a long way from his start in the conservative political machine of Senator Patrick McCarran that many powerful Nevadans considered his policies on education, the environment, and civil rights to be dangerously radical [1]. Jack figured Sawyer’s roots would win over conservatives while his more recent progressive actions would placate former backers of Humphrey, Morse and Gravel. Another plus was Sawyer’s open opposition to Republican-leaning special interest groups, which had led to him being known for feuding with the justice department of the Sanders administration. This made Sawyer be seen a fighter for his party and his ideals. The fact that he was the first governor in the country to back Jack in both 1960 and 1968 was another factor, too. But what sealed the deal was how well the two men got along.

– Ken O’Donnell, C-SPAN-I interview, 1988


The Daily Telegraph, UK newspaper, 7/7/1968


[pic: ]
– Jack Kennedy eating a jelly donut on the first day of the DNC, 7/9/1968

1968 Democratic National Convention

Date(s): July 9-12, 1968
City: Chicago, IL
Venue: International Amphitheatre
Keynote Speaker: Sen. Daniel Inouye of Hawaii

Presidential nominee: Jack Kennedy of Massachusetts
Vice Presidential nominee: Grant Sawyer of Nevada
Other candidates: Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota, Carl Sanders of Georgia

PRIMARY VOTING (by percentage share of popular vote):
Hubert Humphrey – 33.56%
Jack Kennedy – 31.79%
Carl Sanders – 16.28%
Mike Gravel – 7.11%
Wayne Morse – 4.47%
Mario Biaggi – 3.20%
George Wallace – 2.45%
Pat Brown (favorite son) – 0.61%
Pat Lucey (favorite son) – 0.37%
Lester Maddox – 0.07%
Bert Combs – 0.06%
Sam Yorty – 0.02%
Others – 0.01%

CONVENTION VOTING (by percentage share of delegates on final ballot):
For President:
Jack Kennedy – 53.4%
Hubert Humphrey – 28.9%
Wayne Morse – 16.4%
Mike Gravel – 15.9%
Carl Sanders – 7.6%
Mario Biaggi – 7.1%

For Vice-President:
Grant Sawyer – acclamation


SCHUMACHER: Tonight was the fourth and final day of the DNC, and with it came riots – riots possibly bigger than the ones seen at the DNC in 1964. The tumultuous commotion began after Kennedy formally accepted the nomination and may have been instigated by backers of Carl Sanders

HART: That’s right, David, Chicago did see some upheaval. Other sources claim the din was instigated by passive beatniks whom saw Kennedy as part of the “military-industrial complex” that President Eisenhower mentioned in his 1961 farewell address.

SCHUMACHER: Signs reading “We Want Sanders v Sanders in 1968” and “We Will Not Back Jack” were seen on the convention floor today and yesterday, though.

HART: Yes, and more active polniks, also derisively called shoutniks, began bellowing out their messages and phrases through bullhorns and group chants while standing on the top of vehicles in the area immediately outside the convention building. These vehicles included police cars.

SCHUMACHER: Indeed. According to a convention delegate we interviewed earlier, former Secretary of State Kennedy demanded that Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley not respond to the turbulent disruption with violence as it could, quote, lead to a repeat of 1964, unquote.

HART: And it seems Daley remembered the trouble of four years ago, and likely bitterly held his tongue, as after several hours of heated disruption, the truculent rioters departed. It seems all but the most diehard of the protestors grew tired and left.

SCHUMECHER: Nevertheless, the incident demonstrates the amount of Democrats left unsatisfied by this year’s nominee and compromise platform calling for a vague, quote, change in direction, unquote, in regards to foreign policy...

– Correspondents David Schumacher & John Hart, CBS News report, 7/12/1968

Kennedy hoped to win over the youth vote with more endorsements from liberal celebrities. However, polls repeatedly suggested younger voters actually favored Colonel Sanders due to his lowering of the age limit to 18, his ending of the war in Vietnam, and the “movie star”-like quality that came from his old film cameos, old TV commercials, and his face still in use on KFC products making him much more recognizable to young Americans than Kennedy. …A post-election demographic poll showed that Sanders had also won over the vote of married women over 40, demonstrating the Colonel’s appeal across generations...

– David Pietrusza’s The Epic Campaigns of the 1960s, 2008

POLL: KENNEDY LEADS SANDERS BY 5 POINTS: Jack’s Pa Says Election Will Be “A Formality For The Inevitable”

The Los Angeles Times, 7/17/1968


The Boston Globe, 7/20/1968

“Jack was now princeps de familia. That’s Latin for ‘head of the family.’ However, it was immediately assumed that that responsibility would fall to Bobby once Jack became President, and he began to be more involved in more family goings-on from the get-go… Father died convinced without a scintilla of a doubt that Jack was on his way to the White House come election night ’68.”

– Eunice Kennedy-Shriver, Boston Globe interview, 1989

In July 1968, the Red Sox, then the Phillies, and finally the Yankees [2] scouted a young graduate of Penn U’s Wharton Business School named Donald Trump. A New Yorker native aspiring to put a new economics degree to good use at his father’s construction company, Trump had been a student who had shown impressive skill in football, squash and tennis, but had always been a “huge” fan of the Yankees. Thus, Trump declined the Red Sox and Phillies offers, but was enthusiastic over the Yankee’s interests. “I have great feet – I can run to the bases really fast” Trump would often boast. After seeing him play, the Yankees determined he had potential and would be an asset to their roster. Putting “my business dreams for NYC…on hold for a while,” Trump began playing Major League Baseball in early 1969.

Pictured below: Donald Trump in 1968

[pic: ]
– John Helyar’s Lords of the Realm: The Real History of Baseball, Ballantine Books, 1994

“Under the Colonel’s supervision, the past three years have seen the most common image in American television shift from the horrific atrocities of War in Indochina and Cuba to the satisfying crispy tenderness of Kentucky Fried Chicken, and all that it represents – fulfillment, freedom, and proof that any goal can be achieved in the United States of America. Anyone with a dream and the will to work hard can form a business for the betterment of themselves and the betterment of society. And for that, ladies and gentlemen, it is with great honor and pride that the Republican Party will officially re-nominate Colonel Harland Sanders for President of the United States next week.”

– RNC chairman Ray C. Bliss’s at a private fundraiser, 7/29/1968 (leaked in December, but received little attention)

“There’s nothing us young people like more than freedom – freedom from oppression, freedom from regulations, freedom from fear. …The Colonel has proven in the past four years to be a man of his word. He’s brought our boys home from Vietnam, he’s lowering the voting age from 21 to 18, and he’s fixed the economy, and now, he wants to assure the American people can work, and that those who can’t will be covered with a monthly dividend. The Colonel deserves a second term and the youth of this nation will deliver it to him!”

– Bob Dylan addressing the RNC convention, urging young people to vote for Sanders, 8/5/1968 [3]


[pic: ]
– President Harland Sanders travelling from the Miami International Airport to the RNC via carriage, 8/6/1968

“Folks, at arrived at this here convention on a horse-and-buggy not as a publicity stunt, but as a callback to an era of progress and possibilities, and to reflect on how far we’ve come in the decades since untamed days of the Wild West. When I was ten years old and getting my first job on a farm, man could still only fly in dreams. But now, we’re less than a year away from stepping foot on the moon. When I joined the army in 1906, Americans workers in the cities and the countryside toiled in terrible conditions. But now, living conditions have improved phenomenally, and our economy is greater than it has ever been. Only in America can people come to together to get themselves so far in so few years. So now let’s continue that legacy into the next four years, and then into the 1970s and beyond!”

– Colonel Sanders at the RNC, 8/6/1968

1960 Republican National Convention

Date(s): August 5-8, 1968
City: Miami Beach, FL
Venue: Miami Beach Convention Center
Keynote Speaker: Sen. Bud Wilkinson of Oklahoma

Presidential nominee: Colonel Sanders of Kentucky
Vice Presidential nominee: William Scranton of Pennsylvania

Total delegates: 1,333
Votes needed: 667 (majority)

Results (President):
Harland Sanders (KY): 1,232 (92.5%)
Harold Stassen (MN): 55 (4.1%)
Jim Rhodes (Favorite Son) (OH): 36 (2.7%)
Others: 8 (0.6%)
Not Voting: 2 (0.1%)

Results (Vice-President): 1333
William Scranton (PA): 1,089 (81.7%)
Joseph O. Rogers Jr. (SC): 152 (11.4%)
Bo Callaway (GA): 48 (3.6%)
Frank Farrar (SD): 32 (2.4%)
Others: 9 (0.7%)
Not Voting: 3 (0.2%)


Vote for the Heritage and Independence Party!
Defeat the Yankee Socialists in November!

On August 10, the H.I.P. National Convention listened to the real voices of the American people and formed the following ticket:

For President:
Decorated Rear Admiral and Democratic nominee for US Senate in 1962 John G. Crommelin Jr. of Alabama

For Vice President:
Former Republican US Congressman from 1955 to 1967 and H.I.P. nominee for US Senate in 1966 Bruce Alger of Texas

Join the party that favors:

– limiting the power and influence of the federal government

– local laws for local needs

– An America free from the chains of the UN and other foreign and un-American influence

– lower taxes for higher freedom

– preserving Americans’ history of being the greatest people on Earth

– law and order on all city streets

– …and a President and Vice President who uphold the principles of the constitution and YOUR individual rights

With your support, we will take America back from the special interests and weak big-government bureaucrats that seek to tell YOU how and where to work, where to live, where to send your children to school, and how to live your life!

Protect your Heritage and Independence! Join the Party Now and VOTE H.I.P. IN NOVEMBER!

– Pamphlet for the “Hippy” 1968 Presidential ticket, first distributed c. mid-August 1968

“I’ve always liked trains,” the Colonel explained. “After comin’ back from servin’ in Cuba,” all the way back in 1907, “I got a job on the railroad in Alabama. I had to doodle the ashes,” meaning he had to empty the ashes from the trains’ fireboxes at the end of the train’s voyage. “It was probably the dream of ninety percent of all young fellows my age in those days [4].” He asked, “May I?” gesturing to the air horn cord overhead keeping closed the valve of compressed air.

What would you say but “By all means, Mr. President!”? And with a mighty whoo-whoo!, he enthusiastically began the railcar campaign on Rail Force One. The museum was both surprised and elated when Sanders requested the Ferdinand Magellan be taken out of retirement. Last used in 1954, the train’s Pullman Car used as the Presidential Rail Car was now owned by the Gold Coast Railroad Museum. It was an old train constructed in 1929, when Sanders was 39 and had moved on from working the rails, but still loved it. Now President, he found the private cars “accommodating.” At the end of the first train car is the kitchen, and as you enter from there the storage lockers are to your right and the food prep area is to the left. The car’s hall then meanders to the right row of windows, and when you follow it, you pass the pantry and worker’s quarters. Then you enter the Dining Room – spacious enough for roughly ten people – before moving past the chairs to the rest of the worker’s quarters. Finally, the last car is the President’s own personal car, complete with a bed and bathroom. In 1968, the Sanders Whistle-stop Tour took the Ol’ F.M. across the nation upon leaving the 1968 RNC, with no need for the Secret Service to worry due to WWII-Era safety features [5].

– Cully Waggoner, Gold Coast Railway Museum, edutainment segment, PBS Kids, 2008


[pic: ]
– First Lady Claudia helps the President depart Rail Force One at a campaign stop in Omaha, Nebraska, 8/14/1968


Jackson, MS – Several polls conducted by the American Institute of Public Opinion have noticed an average 5-point increase in approval of President Sanders in several northern states, including Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania, over the past month or so:

General Survey Question: “If the election for President was held today, who would you vote for?”
Statewide average in Missouri on July 20:
Colonel Sanders: 46%
Jack Kennedy: 43%
Undecided: 9%

Statewide average in Missouri on August 10:
Colonel Sanders: 51%
Jack Kennedy: 38%
Undecided: 11%
Statewide average in Oregon on July 20:
Jack Kennedy: 49%
Colonel Sanders: 39%
Undecided: 12%

Statewide average in Oregon on August 10:
Jack Kennedy: 46%
Colonel Sanders: 44%
Undecided: 10%
However, the Kennedy campaign has consistently been optimistic, noting these very polls as evidence that their message of “strength and order abroad, and liberty and prosperity at home” is resonating well with voters in the north. Meanwhile, Republicans viewed the boost in areas won by Johnson in 1960 and 1964 and indications that “more people are coming to realize the successes of this administration because election season is a time for reflection on how the past four years have been,” according to a source close to the Sanders/Scranton campaign in Ohio…

The Clarion-Ledger, Mississippi newspaper, 8/15/1968

Then in August, Apollo 7 was executed without a hitch, contributing to NASA’s optimism concerning the moon landing. Later that month, a date for the launch of the planned first manned mission to the moon was narrowed to March 1969.

We could have had the launch in December 1968, though. The Colonel liked the idea of landing on the moon on Christmas, but Farouk [El-Baz] opposed that launch date for precisely that reason. “Mr. President, this event must be a celebration of all of humanity and an event that unites all. Landing on that holiday will only unite Christians. It will be viewed by too many as biased. That will lead to division and anger among families, friends, communities that are more than just that one religion.” He insisted, “The date must be of no major significance if it is truly to be a day for humanity.”

“Plus,” Director Webb added, “What if something does go wrong after all?”

The Colonel considered another possible launch date in October, but he concluded it would become too political due to that year’s Presidential election, while we concluded it was too close of a date for us to prepare for it. And so, the March date was chosen as giving NASA enough time to finish preparing all involved for the monumental endeavor.

– mathematician Dorothy Vaughn’s Human Computers: Me and The Other Women at NASA, Langley Publishers, 1997

CRONKITE: Earlier today, President Sanders established another federal program meant to create jobs, this one specifically for troops returning from the Indochina Theatre. The program is meant to keep unemployment down. It seems that, in the vein of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President Sanders is favoring massive construction projects and services positions for these unemployed heroes.

SANDERS (in footage): Our country is growing. That means more people means more mouths to feed, more bodies to clothe, more minds to teach, more products to make, more services to provide.

– CBS Evening news, 8/20/1968

President Wants to Debate Kennedy: “He Gave The Other Sanders The Courtesy.”

– The Boston Globe, 8/21/1968


Associated Press, 8/24/1968

“I think both parties bring something to the table. Democrat politicians are good at startin’ wars, Republican politicians are good at endin’ wars. See? They balance each other out! But in all seriousness, I think the best way for the people to see the leadership skills of their choices for President is to see how well the candidates can defend their ideas from one another. Jack’s a good fella for agreein’ to this. I look forward to the debate.”

– Colonel Sanders to a reporter at a campaign stop, 8/24/1968

…but the Colonel has an awkward amalgamation of voters on his side – an assembly of disheveled communard shoutniks and small-farm rednecks, both groups found in movements and groups favoring locally based communities and an end to the war-industry machine…

– Freelance Journalist Hunter S. Thompson, 8/26/1968 article


The Question: “If the election for President was held today, whom would you vote for?”
Sanders: 43%
Kennedy: 40%
Crommelin: 8%
Other/Undecided: 9%

– Gallop poll, published 8/27/1968

Beginning in late February 1968, however, the Nigerian Navy successfully blockaded Biafra’s coastline, cutting off aid and food to the masses and causing starving to set in once supplies ran out. Under international pressure stirred up by Medgar Evers and his brother, fellow activist Charles Evers, Ojukwu and Gowon returned to the negotiating table in May 1968, ultimately culminating in a ceasefire in late August [6]. In exchange for returning to Nigeria, Biafra would become an autonomous territory within Nigeria.

The agreement was controversial as both sides viewed it as insufficient, and a revised agreement pertaining to the extent of Biafra’s autonomy was agreed to in September, which included relocating the nation’s capital.

…Between 300,000-to-500,000 Biafran civilians had died of starvation over a conflict stemming from regionalism and oil production...

– Introduction/Overview section of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s The Blood Spilled In Nigeria: A Civil War And Its Aftermath, 2014

After a long summer, Shelepin blamed Gomulka for the inability to suppress the protests which were only rising in energy in to the point that an overthrowing of the government in Poland was beginning to be seen as feasible by some Soviet higher-ups and inevitable by other Soviet higher-ups. Gomulka quickly passed the buck to General Moczar, his propaganda chief, and others. In early September, he announced the firing of half of his government officials and an end to the hostilities, but it was not enough. The protests saw Moczar and Gomulka as the perpetrators.

In a demonstration of the old phrase “enough a broken clock is right twice a day,” Shelepin did overthrow Gomulka after all, ironic describing him as being “too unstable and bloodthirsty to run a country.” Gomulka was replaced by Stanislaw Kania (b. 1927); he was a rubber stamp of sorts, loyal to Shelepin for giving him to job, but at least he was lucid and responsive; his relative youth, at just 41, gave the image of a generational shift in power that would favor the young activists. By the end of September, intellectual Leszek Kolakowski’s exile sentence was revoked, censorship laws were considerably reformed, the Jews of Poland were given a formal apology, and Gomulka, Moczar and company were on their way to a kangaroo court to take the blame for the atrocities of the past year.

But despite further reform efforts, the “Summer of the Shoutniks” damaged Poland’s relations with academics, the Catholic Church, Israel and Jewish people for many years to come.

– Alexander Korzhakov’s autobiography From Dawn to Dusk: A Cutthroat Career, St. Petersburg Press, 1997

I remember when I was 7 years old, and in the first week of the new school year, I came home almost crying and with a busted lip, which I managed to hide from Mom for about 25 seconds. She quickly learned how I had started a fight with a group of bullies who had seen her and Dad drop me off. They had been teasing me over having white parents and calling me an assortment of names. Mom was working as an educator then, teaching English to minorities she met with my teacher, and instructed me to conduct a campaign of peaceful, nonviolent resistance. When Dad learned of the incident, though, he brought me to the base’s gym to teach me how to win a fight. I remember being confused over which parent to listen to, and how the two of them fought when I received detention for punching out both bullies the next week.

Being a military brat, our family never stayed in one place for too long. However, I did not see it as a lack of stability – despite Dad always being away serving his country in Vietnam, then Laos and Cambodia – as my Mother was my best friend in those days. And we were not alone, of course. Mother and I would visit relatives on all three sides of the family – the Dunhams, the Obamas, and the McCains – whenever we could. Our family was scattered across the globe, with my biological father raising his own family in Kenya, Mom’s parents living in Hawaii, and Dad’s family sprinkled across Virginia, Mississippi, and other parts of the south (where some ancestors had fought for the Confederacy, starting the McCain tradition of military service).

But while we had many places to call home, we had none to call our own yet.

– Barack McCain’s Lessons From my Fathers, Sunrise Publishers, 1993

“As if his carriage and train rides were indicative enough I feel like I should point out that the president is too euphoric. Time is catching up to America, and we need a president who will focused more on the future than on the past.”


“What the Colonel overlooks in his quest to cut red tape is how much that red tape holds up – unemployment insurance; old age annuities; safety regulations for food, airlines, railroads, and roads; vaccination programs; health insurance; business and residential zoning laws; construction standards; trade and monopoly restrictions; licensing doctors, lawyers, CPAs and other professions; and nation park and wilderness conservation. Cut all that red tape and all of that will fall apart to the detriment of millions of Americans nationwide.”

– Jack Kennedy at political luncheon, Baltimore, MD, 9/4/1968

“I have worked with this man for over a decade and I have seen his effectiveness. He is a man of strong moral conviction and of strong work ethics. A hard-boiled humanitarian who follows the practice of smiling while carrying a big stick – or in his case, a big walking stick. He is a man who truly views others through the course of their actions, not the color of their skin. And for that, he has my endorsement and full support in the November election.”

– Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., in his official endorsement of Colonel Sanders, 9/5/1968

“I love pitching things. The communicating that goes on with people from all walks of life, the people I get to meet when I try to make a sale – they’re more valuable and informative than any liberal arts college degree. It’s through real people that you learn the ways of the world. I love learning people’s viewpoints, their wants and needs, and getting them to see things differently. To see why they need what I’m selling, why it’ll be to their benefit. It was like that on the drives of ’51, and on the campaign trails of ’55, ’64 & ’68.”

– Colonel Sanders’ Life As I Have Known It Has Been Finger-Lickin’ Good, Creation House publishing, 1974


The Washington Post, 9/6/1968


[pic: ]
– President Sanders riding in a motorcade past an unenthusiastic crowd in Boston, MA, as part of a tour of pro-Kennedy areas, 9/7/1968

“There is a theory that people on farms eat better than people in towns. That is true. And people who live on farms just naturally eat more. We worked harder so we demanded more food. We ate family style. We all helped ourselves from the same bowls. I even got so I liked cottage cheese with sour molasses.” [7]

– Colonel Sanders’ Life As I Have Known It Has Been Finger-Lickin’ Good, Creation House publishing, 1974


[pic: ]
NIXON: “Wait, the Colonel would eat what now? Molasses?! How peculiar.”

CURTIS: “Is that – did you put cottage cheese on your cake slice, Dick?”

NIXON: “Don’t you judge me Carl!”

CURTIS: “Where’d you even get - ? Oh, never mind!”

– Richard Nixon and Carl Curtis at President Sanders’ birthday celebration in the Oval Office, 9/9/1968; transcript released by the FBI in 2012 (but nature of recording device classified until 2029), photograph published 9/10/1968


…From 1959 to 1961, William H. Meyer (1914-1983) was one of the most left-wing members of the US House of Representatives (D-VT), but lost re-election due to the Green Mountain state being heavily pro-Republican at the time. Meyer’s subsequent bids for higher office on an anti-Cuban War platform failed in 1962 and 1964, but in 1968, the loss of his preferred candidates – Morse and Gravel – prompted him to try to win an election one more time.

In early September 1968, Meyer assembled a small circle of friends and members of Timothy Leary’s Natural Mind party in his West Rupert, Vermont home to announce his intention to try to run as the Natural Mind nominee for President in November. The NMP held a small (roughly 200 people) convention in Syracuse, New York to make the nomination official.

On September 14, Meyer won the nomination in landslide, winning over two party organizers with no public office experience, .

Due to his prior work with Natural Mind regional candidates in 1966 and 1967, the party asked leftist political activist Carl Oglesby (1935-2011) of Michigan to serve as running mate, after former Congressman George McGovern and other higher-profile names declined. Oglesby reluctantly accepted the offer despite the fact that he would be only 33 years old on inauguration day 1969 – he would not become eligible for the Presidency or Vice Presidency until July 30, 1970.

Meyer and Oglesby mounted an almost exclusively grassroots campaign centered on visiting liberal college campuses. The ticket was heavily anti-corporatist and anti-big business, yet Oglesby famously dismissed socialism as “a way to bury social problems under a federal bureaucracy” [8]. Oglesby also seemed to split with Meyers on taxes, with the former favoring a more libertarian stance and the latter favoring a progressive one.



The Daily Telegraph, 14/9/1968

“There is no substance to these claims whatsoever. I’m disappointed in our law enforcement agency’s failure to know fake documents when they see them.”

– Prime Minister Stonehouse, 15/9/1968

“I’m very satisfied with this administration’s handling of foreign policy issues, and I’m running for re-election because I think I have the knowledge, experience, and very importantly the energy that the President and the people of Kentucky need to have in the Senate.”

– US Senator Thruston B. Morton (R-KY), Meet the Press interview, 9/22/1968


…The H.I.P. nominee is polling at a national average of 4%. However, in polls conducted in southern states such as Alabama and South Carolina, the former Navy Rear Admiral has reached as much as 28%, at teams beating Democratic nominee Jack Kennedy for second place…

Birmingham News, 9/26/1968

KENNEDY: [snip] I believe we can do more for our schools. President Sanders’ words promoting higher education are admirable, but the fact remains that his administration has discouraged the education programs of the Johnson administration, causing college rates to actually drop. I also think that teachers should have better salaries, because if children are our future then we have to ensure their minds are equipped for the future.

MODERATOR: President Sanders, your rebuttal?

SANDERS: Jack, I have nothing against colleges, or any types of schoolin’. But I am not going to let the federal government have absolute control over education because what teachers want to teach and what students need to learn in states like Arkansas and the Carolinas differ greatly from the wants and needs of states like Massachusetts and New York. With all due respect, Jack, the federal government cannot force cultural change to an extent as severe as what Johnson attempted and what you are suggesting. Now, I will concede that the drop in college rates over the past year – I think it went down 2% or so – is disappointing as education is essential to the future of our nation, and like you have said, federal assistance should be available. But government influence and control over the individual freedoms of the states should never be allowed outside of assuring that people are treated equally and indiscriminately. The teachers in New York City don’t teach farmin’ essentials; and the teachers in Nebraska don’t teach subway ridin’.

KENNEDY: If I may rebut that rebuttal –

SANDERS: Sure, go ahead.

MODERATOR: Um, alright, you have one minute to reply.

KENNEDY: Colonel, this is not about influence, but assistance. The federal government should provide more funding to the states, and then the states can determine what is taught.

SENATOR: Okay, that’s fairer – I can get behind that, Jack.


KENNEDY: …Despite the Colonel’s claims the government can only reduce income taxes responsibly when the economy is prosperous. [snip] …I don’t believe that anyone is going to be able reduce the federal debt very much. [9] But I do believe that if the debt buildup under this administration is not reigned it in will bring fourth another recession like the one felt in 1958, after six years of Republican leadership.

MODERATOR: Thank, Mr. Secretary. Mr. President, your response?

SANDERS: Jack, we can’t burden the middle and lower classes with even more taxes.


KENNEDY: I agree, Colonel, I agree – I – I think people should be able to do a pay-as-you-go form of it, in the same way as the Tennessee Valley Authority, but, like you, I believe in a balanced budget, and the only conditions under which I would unbalance the budget would be if there was a grave national emergency, or a serious recession. [10]

SENATOR: Jack, an unbalanced budget leads to inflation – that’s Economics 101 right there. I understand that, and I never even went to college!


KENNEDY: …We need stability after these last hectic four years. America deserves an experienced leader… [snip]

MODERATOR: And President Sanders, your closing remarks.

SANDERS: …the economy will only be prosperous if people are encouraged to make consumer purchases, and the best way to do that is to lower taxes. …What we have here, on this stage tonight, is two ideas for how the federal government should work – centralized or decentralized – power to the fat cats on the nation’s capitol hill or power to the fat cats on the capitol hills of our 50 states. I promote the latter, as those cats aren’t so fat. I promote the concept that real change and progress starts at the bottom, at the local level, with small businesses and smart, hard-working people joining up with each other to improve their communities. That improves the local economy. And that improves the statewide economy. I have faith in the ability of the American people, when they are not burdened by bureaucracy, to make the right decisions. Because, you see, the free market only works when its users share a sense of morality, of doing the right thing due to standards ingrained into their hearts, not inked onto legislation telling them to do the right thing. That’s why the US economy is the strongest on earth! And it’s why we need education, to teach the next generation the same lessons that have made this nation so great – to teach children to care for not just themselves and their loved ones, but for their fellow Americans everywhere and from all walks of life, whether they come from the shores of Cape Cod or from fields of blue grass. That’s the beauty of America – we are the example to the world of just how much can be accomplished when men have freedom – freedom to speak their mind, freedom from federal overreach, and freedom to pursue their dreams! Thank you.

– First General President Election Debate, NBC transcript, 9/28/1968

Despite his one-liners and well-received closing statement, Sanders did not believe that he had performed well in the first debate, having stumbled a few times in stumbles in both the foreign and domestic policy sections, forgetting specifics and stuttering at times. Sanders had felt especially hurt when Kennedy had brought up his “ignoring” of the rising issue of busing students, as Sanders had openly questioned its effectiveness for years but had done little to “fix” what Sanders seemed to think was a “broken” policy. Political analysts, meanwhile, were divided practically 50-50 on who actually won the debate, while polling suggested a majority of viewers of the debate believed the Colonel had won.

– historian Jeff Greenfield’s How Everything Changed: The Effects of 1968, Centurion Publishers, 2015


The Daily Telegraph, 29/9/1968

It soon became apparent that Stonehouse had been a spy for the Czechoslovak Secret Service (a counter-intelligence police force) since 1962 and had provided secrets about government plans as well as technical information about aircraft in exchange for 5,000 pounds.

– Edward Wright’s History’s Greatest Scandals: Shocking Stories of Powerful People, Guardian Books, 2006


Associated Press, 9/29/1968

Khanh’s wrath is simply pushing more and more communist sympathizers and former V.C. fighters out of his country and into ours. When will the Americans learn that Asians are stronger-willed than Cubans? That they cannot change our minds about a superior form of government by shooting us? Let’s hope never – in my eyes, the more dead Americans, the better!

The rain season is coming to a close in a few weeks. We will launch the attack soon enough – our victory is inevitable!

– Phoumi Vongvichit, high-ranking member of the Pathet Lao, 9/30/1968 log entry


Washington DC – After several meetings with members of congress concerned over the practicality of forcing children to travel great distances for their education, President Sanders has called for a special task force headed by VP Scranton to look into the effectiveness of busing and “any and all” alternatives to the policy…

The Washington Post, 9/30/1968


…per the official rules, in the vacancy of the title of Prime Minister, the title, salary and functions of that role shall be conferred to the person bearing the designation of Deputy Prime Minister [11]. The current holder of that title is Michael Foot, who was a candidate for Prime Minister in this year’s May leadership election. …Queen Elizabeth II can dissolve Parliament and appoint a Prime Minister of her liking if she deems it necessary...

The London Gazette, 1/10/1968


London – a cross-party collection of MPs have tabled a motion in the House of Commons to impeach Prime Minister Stonehouse for “high crimes and misdemeanours.” The motion will likely be debated very soon, as the MPs in question plan to meet with the drafting team for the motion’s case and specific articles of impeachment later today…

The Guardian, 3/10/1968

…In light of the House of Commons’ steps to impeach Stonehouse grinding parliamentary legislation a halt, her majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, has announced her decision to dismiss the Prime Minister, effectively removing him from office...

– BBC, 5/10/1968 broadcast


– The Guardian, 10/5/1968

Upon the Queen’s announcement, officers arrested Stonehouse at his home as he attempted to leave the premises with a suitcase, which contained a change of clothes, a prosthetic beard, and a false passport and ID. He was remanded in Brixton Prison without bail. Charged with espionage, possession of false documents, and conspiracy to defraud. Stonehouse experienced a relatively quick trial that captured the interests of the United Kingdom for all of its 34 days, during which the court revealed Stonehouse had an IQ of 140 and had met with members of the Czechoslovakian government at least twice during his five months as Prime Minister. On 28 November, Stonehouse was sentenced to 10 years of house arrest and fined 10,000 pounds. While the House of Lords refused his appeal against the charges, many Britons were outraged at what they considered to be too light a sentence. Most citizens, though, were simply glad the drama had concluded, and wished for the country to “move on,” as the new year, and, soon enough, a new decade, approached.

– Edward Wright’s History’s Greatest Scandals: Shocking Stories of Powerful People, Guardian Books, 2006


[pic: ]

– Former US Secretary of State Jack Kennedy (D-MA) shaking hands with enthusiastic supporters while on the campaign trail in Philadelphia, PA, 10/10/1968

NASA’s October 11 launch of Apollo 8, meant to test the lunar module docking maneuver and re-entry procedure, launch yielded a number of protestors higher than unusual in part due to the presence of far-left presidential candidate William Meyer on the picket line. TV reports covered the protestors’ complaints that the government should be spending more money on anti-poverty programs than on “big rocket toys.” Both Kennedy and Sanders avoided directly addressing their concerns as both men supported the Apollo program, as did conservative third-party candidate John Crommelin. However, this development took American media’s attention away from a situation developing in Panama that same day. This distraction allowed the Colonel to address the Arias-Torrijos conflict…

– historian Jeff Greenfield’s How Everything Changed: The Effects of 1968, Centurion Publishers, 2015

Manuel Noriega had long been a sternly loyal apprentice to Omar Torrijos, allowing the former to get away with raping underage girls during his younger military years and with allowing the raping of prisoners. After an educational program in 1966 helped the recalcitrant Noriega “shape up,” his past crimes went unaddressed, especially due to the Johnson administration considering Noriega and Torrijos to be “assets” for their information-sharing activities. Due to this, both men assumed in 1968 that their plans to overthrow Panama’s President Arnulfo Arias would have America’s support.

Dr. Arias had a mixed record – he was an admirer of Mussolini’s fascism, but in his first term as President had built a social security program, granted women the right to vote, and strengthened labor laws. The US had already overthrown him once before in 1941, and, upon returning to the Presidency a few years later, was overthrown again by an alliance of the National Guard and wealthy families. [12] Torrijos, meanwhile, wanted to create schools and jobs for the members of Panama’s majority – the poor and mixed-race, not just the lighter-skinned social elite, the rabiblancos (white-tails) dominating Panamanian politics and commerce. When Arias came to power a third time, Torrijos began to plot a coup.

The only problem for Torrijos and company was the fact that US President Colonel Sanders supported the somewhat-populist Arias. While understanding the doctor was controversial, the Colonel also understood that his election had been fair and democratic, and did not believe a regime could be replaced without the people’s consent. Thus, upon the launch of the coup on October 11, orchestrated by Torrijos, Noriega, Major Boris Martinez, and the upstart Demetrio Lakas, the Colonel threatened to send in the US military to “restore the Panamanian people’s choice.”

A standoff of sorts ensued, with Arias holed up in the surrounded Presidential Palace thanks to what few military members still supported him. Lakas’ suggestion of Vice President Raul Arango serving as compromise successor was immediately rejected. Noriega, seeing the situation as a hostage crisis of sorts, demanded the United States “return the Canal” before any further actions occurred. The Colonel replied with “the Senate and I will never approve of handing over the Canal to a nation without liberty. Let Arias be and then we’ll talk.” The US President then wired Arias and demanded he “make concessions so you don’t lose it all.” On October 13, Arias announced a more liberal agenda for his presidency, and offered Torrijos the position of Vice President “with unprecedented influence on domestic policy” in exchange for Torrijos “calling off his dogs.” Torrijos agreed, and the military regrouped on the 14th.

Noriega expected to find himself in a highly influential position now. Instead, Torrijos pinned the coup on him, causing Noriega to be imprisoned for treason. The upper class rabiblancos were satisfied that the “ringleader” had been brought to justice and that “their man” was still at least barely clinging onto power, the nation’s poor were optimistic that Torrijos would ensure they would be helped, and Torrijos was happy to play semi-puppetmaster. Noriega, however, swore from his prison cell he would avenge himself.

In early 1969, talks controversially began over the administration of the canal, with “the Arias-Torrijos administration” arguing their country should take in revenue from the pivotal causeway. The Sanders administration, and conservative politicians in the US, countered the standard talking points – “we built it, we own it, we should keep it.” Arias suggested a gradual shift in control to the Panamanians, starting with more administrative responsibilities such as maintenance. These talks would continue into the 1970s.

– Ashley Carse’s Beyond the Big Ditch: Politics, Ecology, and Infrastructure at the Panama Canal, MIT Press, 2014


...the people will vote for a new parliament in December as planned…

– The Southern Daily Echo, UK tabloid, 10/15/1968

BROOKS: The candidates will now answer questions put by correspondents of the networks. Ladies and gentlemen, Sander Vanocur of NBC News, Stuart Novins of CBS and Bob Fleming of ABC.


SANDERS: …And so I would say that all of these proposals that Jack has made will result in one of two things: either he’ll have to raise taxes or unbalance the budget. Unbalancing the budget means inflation and raising taxes hurts consumer spending. The government can’t bits off more than it can chew.


KENNEDY: On this, I think a compromise can be reached. We can raise federal funding for teacher salaries so they can financial afford the materials that they need and want without the federal government directly directing them what those lessons and materials will be.


SANDERS: Your question brings out a point that I am very glad to make. Too often in appraising whether we are moving ahead or not we think only of what the federal government is doing. Now that isn’t the test of whether America moves. The test of whether America moves is whether the federal government, plus the state government, plus the local government, plus the biggest segment of all – individual enterprise – moves. [13] America has done so well since 1963 because this administration backs that last segment, the spirit of the individual dreamer, the mom-and-pop stores of the land.


SANDERS: …I think these proposed economic incentives would create and expand jobs and business opportunities across the U.S. and in turn educate the next and future generations so they are capable of performing useful skills, which will be a better focus of the government’s time and money than prolonging people’s dependency on handouts.

BROOKS: But Mr. President, doesn’t that contradict your pledge to help the poor?

SANDERS: That is the help they’ll be getting and much more – this’ll incentivize those who can help themselves to go and help themselves so more time is spent helping those who can’t help themselves. The lazy people in this country must understand that, in America, you do not ask what your country can do for you – you ask what you can do for you country.

KENNEDY: I disagree with that statement, Mr. President. It suggests blind loyalty; that people should give their all and receive nothing in return.

SANDERS: Haven’t you been listenin’, Jack? I already explained what they’re gettin’ in return – pride in their hard work. With hard work, not even the sky’s the limit, thanks to NASA.

BROOKS: Mr. Secretary, your rebuttal?

KENNEDY: I support the calls for effective tax reform to encourage productive enterprise and to discourage the nonproductive pursuit of tax loopholes; it means tax reform to end the erosion of the tax system, and prevent a progressive shift of the tax burden on to those least able to pay. It means using the massive fiscal and monetary powers of the Federal Government to combat recession and to stimulate growth.” [14]


KENNEDY: “The coal industry is an example of the problems raised by new technology and by automation. It is too late now to take the steps we should have taken two decades ago to prepare for this problem. But automation will continue to loom large in our future, in the economy generally as well as in coal. The national government has a responsibility, I believe, to help to plan and program progress to avoid further dislocations and lost jobs. Through government-union-industry cooperation, we can provide against dislocation and job loss, retrain workers, and schedule change to avoid upheavals.” [14]

SANDERS: Well, Jack, here’s where we agree. Because there’s something inside of me that makes me want to help people, especially people who are having difficulty of some kind [15]. I can see it’s inside you, too, Jack.


SANDERS: Folks, the world, the present, and the future are all what you make of them. If you – if anyone – has a vision for how to make the world a better place, don’t let people put it down. They shouldn’t. They should work together to make sure it’ll work – determine the strings attached and cutting them away the best you can – and make that vision a reality. Government should help with such positive endeavors, not against them. At least that’s what I think.

– Sanders, Kennedy, and moderator Ned Brooks, 10/15/1968 debate

“While the Colonel looked forward to the rematch, Jack believed he’d perform even better than he felt he had the first time around. We didn’t expect the second debate to backfire on us but it did. Sanders demonstrated his showmanship skills when describing foreign policy and economic plans and achievements, and it made him, at almost 78, seem not old, but wise but also energetic and physically and mentally sharp despite his years. It was around this time Goldwater called the Colonel ‘a man of conservative mind and liberal heart.’ Jack, though, was recovering from a flu at the time, and was trying to hide what must have been incredible back pain. He didn’t have the time for one of his natural remedies on the night of the debate, so instead he took some pills and downed a medical cocktail or two before going onto that stage. And that combination of elements led to Jack coming off as stiff, wooden, and at times even tired. Many viewers ended up complaining that he seemed disconnected and bored, when actually, he was trying to discuss complex issues at a time when he really needed to be resting. The image of Jack on that night was not at all that of a young and energetic politician, which was what Kennedy sought to present himself as to the nation, but instead the image of a 51-year-old apathetic member of the Democratic establishment class. For once, the cameras had actually not been good to Jack.”

– Harris Wofford Jr.’s autobiography Don’t Speak American With Just English Words: My Life In Washington, Simon & Schuster, 1999

Sanders: 48%
Kennedy: 43%
Crommelin: 3%
Other(s): 1%
Uncertain: 5%

– Gallup Poll, 10/16/1968


[pic: ]
– Colonel Sanders sits down with firefighters during a campaign trip across Missouri 10/17/1968

“You know who really creates jobs, Mr. Sanders? The customers, not the employers! Employers are just job-fillers, not job-makers!”

– X-Men leader Elbert X at a rally in Akron, OH, 10/18/1968


Associated Press, 10/19/1968 report

…now, back to today’s top political story: former Secretary of State and Democratic nominee for President Jack Kennedy was hospitalized in Baltimore earlier today. While an official reason is unannounced, we have received word from a member of the Kennedy campaign that Secretary Kennedy has suffered a hernia while campaigning in Maryland…

– ABC World News Tonight, 10/20/1968 broadcast

A few nights ago, both Kennedy and Sanders exited separate-but-close-by hospitals after being treated for a hernia and pneumonia, respectively. Nevertheless, the double-hitter health scare had now made health care a major issue for voters on bipartisan lines. Subsequently several politicians are calling for more funding for Medicare and Medicaid, while others call for more transparency to come from Presidential candidates. Going even further with this are Heritage and Independence Party co-founders Farris Bryant and Congressman John Rarick, who are calling for both Jack Kennedy and Colonel Sanders to submit to medical health examinations…

– CBS Evening News, 10/24/1968 broadcast

“The idea of harassing Presidential nominees into releasing their medical information is a preposterous invasion of personal privacy meant to turn two common incidents experienced my many Americans into a ridiculous tool for fearmongering and brewing up suspicion in the American democratic system. It’s immature at the least and unpatriotic at the most.”

– U.S. Senator George A. Smathers (D-FL), 10/25/1968

By July, the Pathet Lao had been split into two branches – one in the north, along the nation’s border with the former North Vietnam, and one in the South, mainly along the nation’s southern border with Cambodia. The town of Xam Nua in northern Laos, not very far from the Vietnam border, became the headquarters of the northern branch Pathet.


Louangphrabang, a city resting on the Mekong River, was located to the left of the center of the “pan” that is northern Laos. In the nation’s south, its “pan handle,” insurgents were being repelled from Pakxe, a city on the Mekong River, and the town of Salavan, which was once a Pathet Lao stronghold.


Communist insurgents in Laos had been helped by the fact that Laos had had a large Vietnamese population since long before the Fall of Hanoi. Understanding this, General Abrams countered by increasing US collaboration with other ethnic groups. The US Army worked closely with local Hmong tribesmen along with the Mien and the Khmu. A pivotal coordinator was Vang Pao (1929-2011), a King loyalist, a Major General in the Royal Lao Army, and member of the Hmong ethnic group.

The tide of victory had tossed between the two sides since 1965 as the status of the war in Lao’s north throughout the year generally depended on the weather. The dry season started in November and December, which was when the Lao and Vietnamese communists tended to launch military operations as fresh troops and supplies flowed down newly passable mountain trails. The US began assaults on their territory when the rainy season began in June and July.

The Laotian and American air forces worked to train more Laotian Nationalist troops, pilots and tank drivers. As 1968 continued, we slowly encroached upon Communist territory in the northern and southern fronts. When the Royal Lao Army and US Army launched a joint counter-attack in September, the weather was on America’s side – had it been a sunny day, and the sun was in the enemy’s eyes that morning.

Long Tieng, a small majority-Hmong military base hastily built in 1962, was nestled in a valley made by three formations of limestone mountains. It had runways for planes, storage for supplies and tools for equipment repair, making it a pit stop of sorts for the war effort. From Long Tieng, the offense against the Pathet Lao stronghold of Xam Nua was launched on October 1, roughly a month before the Pathet Lao planned to renew offensive maneuvers on Louangphrabang. Infantry regiments reclaimed the area as artillery/tank battalions concentrated troops on trails out of Xam Nua in a tactical operation meant to surround the enemy. Hmong commandos and US Air Force phantom jets then struck specific targets with cluster bombs. At the end of the month, the city finally fell to our forces, and most of its inhabitants were either KIA or became POWs.

– US Air Force veteran Jim Duffey’s Air America: An Aerial View of Laos 1959-1968, 1997

PATHET LAO H.Q. XAM NUA FALLS! Communists in Disarray!

…additional reports confirm that Phoumi Vongvichit, a high-ranking member of the Pathet Lao, is among the hundreds of casualties lining the streets of Xam Nua. General Creighton Abrams claims the communist guerillas are “leaderless and desperate, and now that they’ve lost this battle, they are disheartened.”

– Stars and Stripes, 10/27/1968

The Pathet Lao were unable to match the US assaults thanks to US-Royalist-Hmong alliance and coordination promoted by the sides’ respective leaders. A lack of coordination among the decentralized communists produced a splintering affect as small pockets of guerillas rallied around minor military leaders.


In the far north, Pathet Lao guerillas fled from Louang Namtha north into China and west into Burma. In total, roughly 500,000 supporters of Communism fled to other countries (over half to Cambodia), while the rest were captured or surrendered.

– US Air Force veteran Jim Duffey’s Air America: An Aerial View of Laos 1959-1968, 1997


– The New York Times, 10/29/1968


– President Sanders re-election banner, c. late October 1968

Support for the President has swelled in light of the defeat of the Pathet Lao in Indochina …With two days left to go, Kennedy and the Colonel are traversing the country to win over remaining undecided voters. …The race for the White House still heavily favors Sanders, with polls depicting the President defeating Jack Kennedy by roughly a ten-percent margin, reflecting a margin widening of over five percent from polls conducted two weeks ago…

– NBC News, 11/1/1968 broadcast

RATHER: Yes, Walter, and as you can see, here behind me, we have set up a large map of the states to track the results. So far, the Colonel has won South Carolina and Indiana, and New Hampshire, Maine, and Connecticut are still too close to call. ….For the people at home watching this transmission on Black and White television sets, the lighter shade of grey, here, representing a Colonel victory, is Red, and the darker shade of grey, the one filling in Massachusetts, is Navy Blue, in honor of Kennedy’s service in the Navy.

CRONKITE: Why was red chosen, Dan?

RATHER: Well, Walter, that’s one of the first colors you think of when you hear “the Colonel” – you think of red and white, the colors of KFC.

– CBS News, 11/5/1968 broadcast


[pic: ]
Sanders/Scranton (Republican): 39,647,535 (55.1%)
Kennedy/Sawyer (Democratic): 29,213,973 (40.6%)
Crommelin/Alger (Heritage & Independence): 2,086,712 (2.9%)
Meyer/Oglesby (Natural Mind): 791,511 (1.1%)
All other votes: 215,867 (0.3%)
Total votes: 71,955,598


The seven narrowest states were all won by Sanders. The election saw an expectedly low turnout, especially for Kennedy in the South, where he only won the state of Georgia, the home state of former Governor Carl Sanders, whom campaigned for Kennedy/Sawyer in the fall despite his primary feud with Kennedy. This collapse in Democratic support in nearly all of the South has led to the election being considered the start of the Sixth party system, as, “while retained for some years afterward on state and local levels, The New Deal Coalition fell apart on the national level in 1968.” The coalition seemingly collapsed in the wake of Colonel Sanders’ strategy of campaigning on positions shared by both Black voters, and poor and rural white voters.

…But arguably the most prevalent contribution to Sanders’ victory was the end of military hostilities in Vietnam (early 1967) and Laos (October 1968), on which the Sanders campaigned heavily.

…Resentful segregationists and hard-right conservative disapproving of The Colonel’s more libertarian policies could vote for the Crommelin/Alger ticket in 25 states. Crommelin won 2.89%, with most of those votes coming from Mississippi and Louisiana. Other than these voters, most segregationists sat this election out, or voted for Sanders out of sheer protest of Kennedy’s connection to the Johnson administration…

…Kennedy managed to win Illinois by winning the city of Chicago, debatably thanks to the political machine of Mayor Richard J. Daley. Despite losing the Democratic primary in the states in 1960 and 1968, Kennedy’s constant visits to Appalachia led to win finally winning West Virginia. The presence of Meyer/Oglesby on Oregon’s ballot cost Kennedy that state by a .5% margin…


United States Senate election results, 1968
Date: November 5, 1968
Seats: 34 of 100
Seats needed for majority: 51
Senate majority leader: Mike Mansfield (D-MT)
Senate minority leader: Everett Dirksen (R-IL)
Seats before election: 57 (D), 43 (R)
Seats after election: 51 (D), 49 (R)
Seat change: D v 6, R ^ 6

Full List:
Alabama: incumbent James D. Martin (R) over Armistead I. Selden Jr. (D), John M. Patterson (HIP) and Robert Schwenn (I)
Alaska: incumbent Ernest Gruening (D) over Elmer E. Rasmuson (R)
Arizona: Paul Fannin (R) over Roy Elson (D)
Arkansas: incumbent J. William Fulbright (D) over Charles T. Bernard (R)
California: incumbent Thomas H. Kuchel (R) over Anthony C. Beilsenson (D) and Paul Jacobs (Natural Mind)
Colorado: incumbent Peter H. Dominick (R) over Stephen L. R. McNichols (D) and Gordon G. Barnwall (HIP)
Connecticut: incumbent Abraham A. Ribicoff (D) over Edwin H. May Jr. (R)
Florida: William Cato “Bill” Cramer Sr. (R) over incumbent George A. Smathers (D) and C. Farris Bryant (HIP) [16]
Georgia: incumbent John William Davis (D) over E. Earl Patton (R)
Hawaii: incumbent Daniel K. Inouye (D) over Wayne C. Thiessen (R) and Oliver M. Lee (Natural Mind)
Idaho: incumbent Frank Church (D) over George V. Hansen (R)
Illinois: incumbent Everett Dirksen (R) over William G. Clark (D)
Indiana: incumbent Birch Bayh (D) over William Ruckelshaus (R)
Iowa: incumbent Harold Hughes (D) over David M. Stanley (R)
Kansas: Bob Dole (R) over William I. Robinson (D)
Kentucky: incumbent Thruston B. Morton (R) over John Y. Brown Jr. (D)
Louisiana: incumbent Russell B. Long (D) unopposed
Maryland: Charles Mathias Jr. (R) over incumbent Daniel J. Brewster (D) and George P. Mahoney (HIP)
Missouri: incumbent Edward V. Long (D) over Thomas B. Curtis (R)
Nevada: incumbent Alan Bible (D) over Edward Fike (R)
New Hampshire: incumbent Norris Cotton (R) over John W. King (D)
New York: incumbent Jacob K. Javits (R) over Joseph Y. Resnick (D)
North Carolina: incumbent Sam Ervin (D) over Robert V. Somers (R)
North Dakota: incumbent Milton R. Young (R) over Herschel Lashkowitz (D)
Ohio: William B. Saxbe (R) over John Gilligan (D), incumbent Frank L. Lausche (I) and John M. Briley (HIP)
Oklahoma: Henry Bellmon (R) over incumbent Mike Monroney (D)
Oregon: incumbent Wayne Morse (D) over Wendell Wyatt (R)
Pennsylvania: Herman T. Schneebeli (R) incumbent Joseph S. Clark (D) and Frank W. Gaydosh (HIP)
South Carolina: incumbent Ernest Hollings (D) over Marshall Parker (R)
South Dakota: incumbent Joseph H. Bottum (R) over Wayne Peterson (D)
Utah: incumbent Wallace F. Bennett (R) over Milton N. Wellenmann (D)
Vermont: incumbent George D. Aiken (R) unopposed
Washington: incumbent Warren G. Magnuson (D) over Jack Metcalf (R)
Wisconsin: incumbent appointee Philleo Nash (D) over Jack B. Olson (R)


United States House of Representatives results, 1968
Date: November 5, 1968
Seats: All 437
Seats needed for majority: 218
House minority leader: John McCormack (D-MA)
House majority leader: Charles Halleck (R-IN)
Last election: 225 (R), 212 (D)
Seats won: 236 (R), 201 (D)
Seat change: R ^ 11, D v 11


United States Governor election results, 1968
Date: November 5, 1968
State governorship elections held: 35
Seats before: 23 (R), 27 (D)
Seats after: 26 (R), 24 (D)
Seat change: R ^ 3, D v 3

Full List:
Arizona: incumbent Jack Williams (R) over Samuel Goddard Jr. (D)
Arkansas: incumbent Winthrop Rockefeller (R) over Marion Crank (D)
Delaware: Russell W. Peterson (R) over incumbent Charles L. Terry Jr. (D)
Illinois: incumbent Charles Percy (R) over Samuel H. Shapiro (D)
Indiana: J. Irwin Miller (R) over Robert L. Rock (D) and Melvin E. Hawk (Prohibition)
Iowa: incumbent Robert D. Ray (R) over Paul Franzenburg (D)
Kansas: incumbent Robert Docking (D) over Rick Harman (R)
Missouri: incumbent Ethan A. H. Shepley (R) over Thomas F. Eagleton (D), Lawrence K. Roos (Missourian) and Bill Beeny (HIP)
Montana: incumbent Tim M. Babcock (R) over Forrest H. Anderson (D) and Wayne Montgomery (New Reform)
New Hampshire: incumbent Harrison Reed Thyng (R) over Emile R. Bussiere (D)
New Mexico: incumbent David F. Cargo (R) over Mack Easley (D)
North Carolina: James Carson Gardner (R) over Robert W. Scott (D)
North Dakota: incumbent William L. Guy (D-NPL) over Robert P. McCarney (R)
Rhode Island: incumbent John Chafee (R) over Frank Licht (D)
South Dakota: incumbent Frank Farrar (R) over Leath Carroll Fullerton (D)
Texas: incumbent John Connally (D) over Paul Eggers (R) and John Trice (HIP)
Utah: incumbent Mitchell Melich (R) over Nicholas L. Strike (D)
Vermont: incumbent Philip H. Hoff (D) over Deane C. Davis (R)
Washington: incumbent Daniel J. Evans (R) over John J. O’Connell (D) and Ken Chriswell (HIP)
West Virginia: Arch A. Moore Jr. (R) over James Marshall Sprouse (D)
Wisconsin: incumbent Pat Lucey (D) over William Kaiser Van Pelt (R)



[pic: ]
– Jack Kennedy conceding the election to Sanders, 11/6/1968

Once again, I thank you all for supporting me through this valiant endeavor to better our country. All of you, and all the people of the United States who went out and campaigned and voted, have shown your faith and loyalty to this great nation by participating in our vital electoral process. Through such process the future of this nation had been determined, and I will not stand in its way… I congratulated the Colonel with a phone call earlier tonight …While I may not be the President in the next year, I will not be a silent private citizen. I will continue to be a voice for the needs of the working man, the worried housewife, the wounded soldier, the small businessman, and all the men, women and children that make this country strong and proud. For while I may not serve as their voice as their president, I will still serve as their voice as a fellow American patriot as nobly as I can… Thank you.

– Jack Kennedy’s concession speech, 11/6/1968


…Drawing 6,000 letter a week, Star Trek was one of the more cerebral shows on the air, watched by a plethora of high-brow citizens, including actual scientists, doctors, college professors, and members of NASA...
In the winter of 1968, former President Lyndon Johnson, back in the Senate and taking a break from political hubbub to unwind after that year’s elections, paid more attention to the show. Johnson had been directed to the show in early 1967 by aides who enjoyed its promotion of space travel. Lyndon himself became one of the many high-profile politicians (along with Nelson Rockefeller and others) who sent letters to NBC demanding Star Trek not be cancelled after just two seasons. The show’s renewal for a third season in March 1968 emboldened Johnson’s spirits. However, during a visit to the studio in mid-November, the former President was shocked to learn that the show’s budget cuts and inferior time slot (Fridays at 10:00 PM) were network decisions. Johnson soon met with NBC executives and, failing to convince them to “give Gene all of his five-year mission,” offered to use “a sliver” of his own hefty salary to cover and pay for extra production costs. In a follow-up meeting in December, Johnson again urged NBC to greenlight “the final two seasons” not just to support the Apollo Program but because “the future of America was connected to the stars, and do you want to be able to say your studio was a part of that legacy, or that your studio worked against destiny?”

In January 1969, NBC executives agreed to greenlight two more seasons, and in February would shift its time slot to a more preferable time and day, but the budget was kept at 10% lower than it had been for season 2, forcing Johnson to stick to his pledge of covering additional finances via quarterly donations to the Star Trek production company. For all his trouble, Roddenbery convinced the former President to guest appear in the Season 4 episode “The Truculent Sieve.” There, Johnson spends his entire five minutes of screen time portraying retired a starship captain named Logan Barzilai Jasper who supports Kirk and Spock’s attempts to defuse a hostage crisis:

[pic: ]

– “Star Trek: The Ultimate Trip Through the Galaxies,” Entertainment Weekly Special Edition, 2003

As a result of the exodus of “undesirables” (as Nguyen Khanh called them) from Vietnam, and the defeat of the Pathet Lao in Laos, the rate of communist guerillas invading Cambodia through its northern border doubled between September and December 1968, where the rebel forces regrouped with each other and native Cambodian comrades-in-arms.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

Pops always preferred a large hen turkey, the bigger the better. He’d cover the bird generously with butter, sprinkle its outside and its hollowed-out inside with salt and pepper, and put it in a roasting pan, breast up, keeping the heat low all the way through to make the meat more moist and minimize shrinkage [17]. Pops would then leave us in charge of basting while he went off the prep for the gravy and work on the other dishes. Thanksgiving was often like this when we were younger, and there was no reason to break with tradition now, even if this time we were celebrating the holiday in the White House.


As the meal came to a close, Uncle Clarence declared with a belch, “that’s nothin’ better than your birds, brother!”

Claudia simply rolled her eyes with a smirk, and said, “Just pass the gravy boat over to me, will ya?”

“Oh, sure thing, Josephine.” Clarence said.

Both Father and Claudia flashed him a look of contempt with a bit of disappointment – Father had been married to Claudia for twenty year, yet Uncle Clarence still forgot at times.

“Oops, sorry,” he then offered to pour a helping from the boat for her.


Upon seeing the number of empty plates, Aunt Violet went to clear the table. Millie interposed, explaining “we have help for that now,” and offered to call up the White House staff celebrating Turkey Day in their own ways in their dining room a quick walk away.

Aunt Violet insisted, “I’m perfectly capable of doin’ this myself. Been clearin’ tables for 63 years and I ain’t quittin’ now.”

Millie warned her to be careful, “that’s very expensive china.”

“A dish is still a dish no matter what you call it,” Aunt Violet retorted.


Pops and Clarence went to the Lincoln room to watch some football on a television set while Aunt Violet and I went into the kitchen to make some Turkey Brunswick Stew out of all the scraps. I didn’t need to visit a soup kitchen to understand the importance of never throwing away food. Into a pot we placed the turkey scraps, tomatoes, salt and pepper, onions, broad beans, corn, butter and other bits, tasting as we went to check on the seasoning [Auto150].


“You really should visit more often,” I told Uncle Clarence.

“Ah, I don’t like to bother your father when he’s working. And he’s the President – he’s always working! You never know where he’s going to be next.”

“Tell me about it,” Harley added, “You wouldn’t believe the amount of running around he’s done this year alone. It’s kind of amazing, really.”

I was just glad Pops was relaxing. He seemed more tired than usual, and for once seemed actually happy to just kick back and rest for a day with his family.

Uncle Clarence, though, seemed even more tired. Before dinner, he seemed under the weather, in fact.

As he left he coughed several times, each expulsion of air from his lungs sounding a bit more painful than the last.

“Say, you alright, Uncle?” I had asked him.

“Aw, it’s just a bug or something. Don’t worry, now, none. I’ll be fine,” he had assured me.

– Margaret Sanders’ The Colonel’s Secret: Eleven Herbs and a Spicy Daughter, StarGroup International, 1997 [18]

After almost six years in office, the politburo had grown tired of Shelepin. On 10 December 1968, party leaders met with the Premier in Moscow, and informed him that he was being “let go,” to use an American phrase. Shelepin did not take easily the news that he was being effectively deposed, especially when the move was backed by former allies such as Aleksi Inauri and Nikolai Podgorny and Vyacheslav Molotov, whom disagreed with his switch to supporting détente. He refused to go quietly.

“Inauri, I made you! You’d still be heading the Georgian GB if it weren’t for me!” Those were reportedly his last words.

What happened next remains unclear. Their conservation turned violent, and words shouted turned into fists flown. Shelepin sought to physically defend himself and at some point pulled out a pistol. Then, either one of two things happened: He fired the gun into the air as a warning only for the bullet to ricochet and hit him. Or he fired the gun at someone in the room and one of the men of the room fired back in self-defense. Various sources have claimed different specifics to each version, and a highly-improbably third story claims he committed suicide.

But at the time, the events themselves did not matter as much as their end-result, that the ruler of Russia had been instantly killed by a bullet to the head.

– Alexander Korzhakov’s autobiography From Dawn to Dusk: A Cutthroat Career, St. Petersburg Press, 1997

SHELEPIN HAS DIED!: Beloved Leader Passes Away At 50 From Sudden Heart Attack

Pravda, Soviet newspaper, 12/6/1968

Nikita smirked with a huff. Of course he was still out of favor but even he knew Shelepin’s death did not simply coincide with the unofficial political discontent of late. “I’m not surprised,” Nikita said, “Shelepin was too unruly to be a good ruler, ignoring internal issues and doing a terrible job handling crisis after crisis.”

– Anastas Mikoyan’s The Path of Struggle: The Memoirs of Anastas Mikoyan (English translation), Sphinx Press, 1988 (written in 1978)


…Sovietologists are perusing the situation unfolding in the USSR. The political ramifications of Shelepin’s sudden and unexpected demise will depend on his successor – or successors. At the moment, the politburo seems to be supporting the formation of a troika, a triumvirate of leaders meant to govern without a single individual dominating alone. Such alliances were formed after Stalin and Khrushchev left office and lasted for a few months each time. The leading contenders to be part of this trinity of politicians are the following (in alphabetical order):

Leonid Brezhnev, age 62 – Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and the effective leader of the moderate communists, Brezhnev is supported by Konstantin Chernenko; should he become part of a troika, Brezhnev’s support of the Leninist policy of focusing primarily on improving agricultural conditions could produce a shift from Shelepin’s city-based economic policies.

Aleksi Inauri, age 60 – a Colonel General in the Soviet Army and the former leader of the Georgian KGB, Inauri has effectively been Shelepin’s loyal right-hand man since 1965.

Alexei Kosygin, age 64 – the current Chairman of the Council of Ministers is a leading voice in the liberal wing of the party, and supported Shelepin’s push for improving industrial output in order to compete against the US economy.

Vyacheslav Molotov, age 79 – a close Shelepin ally, Molotov is a former member of the 1953 troika and fierce defender of Stalinism whom has some support among older members of the politburo.

Nikolai Podgorny, age 65 – a Ukrainian “old Bolshevik” hardliner critical of Shelepin’s shifts of late, Podgorny was a protégé of Khrushchev and is more moderate (and at times even liberal) than other members of the USSR’s communist party’s conservative wing; last year, for example, Podgorny engaged in talks with Pope Paul VI as part of the pontiff’s ostpolitik, culminating in greater openness for the Roman Catholic Church in Eastern Europe.

Mikhail Suslov, age 66 – a Stalinist and the unofficial ideologue chief for the party, Suslov is an open supporter of inner-party “democracy” and heavily prefers collective leadership over individual leadership.

The combination of communists will work to determine the Soviet Union’s geopolitical and economic policies, and their view of the Shelepin-Sanders summit could either improve or deter the Sanders administration’s attempts at détente…

– The New York Times, special issue, 12/8/1968

After re-entering the race for his House seat at the last minute, narrowly winning re-nomination, and barely scraping by in the general election, Gravel found himself already looking at another political opportunity. On December 11, 1968, US Senator Robert Bartlett (D-AS) suddenly died in office. Alaska’s Governor at the time, a Republican, Mike Stepovich, eventually appointed state congressman and fellow Republican Ted Stevens to the fill the vacant seat. Days later, Stepovich announced that the special election to fill in the remaining four years of Bartlett’s term would be held in November 1969 (with party primaries to be held in September) [19]. Gravel announced his bid for the seat on March 3.



…In light of the Stonehouse scandal, the election results are not too surprising. Conservatives won 401 of the 630 total seats in the House of Commons, depleting Labour’s numbers to just 205. The Liberal party obtained 24 seats after party members successfully distanced themselves from the Labour party.

…with the UK’s GDP unsteady for the past three consecutive quarters, unemployment rising, and housing prices only recently beginning to recover, Enoch Powell will succeed Prime Minister Michael Foot with a clear mandate for his policies…

– The Guardian, 15/12/1968

…This is an all-points bulletin: be on the lookout for suspect in attempted murder. Suspect is a tall white male, reportedly dark sunken eyes and white glasses. Patrol car overheard shouting and officers spotted suspect holding two teenagers at gunpoint at the lover’s lane on Lake Herman Road. Suspect told to lower weapons and shots were fired when suspect attempt to enter a car, likely his own. Suspect fled scene on foot clutching hand and limping, most likely was shot. Suspect is still armed and is considered highly dangerous…

– A.P.B. broadcast from Benicia, San Francisco Bay, CA police to all of its personnel, 12/20/1968


– The San Francisco Chronicle, 12/22/1968

Apollo 9 lasted from December 21 to December 27, 1968. It was the closest human beings had ever gotten to the moon at that time… The next few weeks and months would be a very critical time for NASA – the next mission was the big one – the one where mankind would finally step foot on the moon.

– mathematician Dorothy Vaughn’s Human Computers: Me and The Other Women at NASA, Langley Publishers, 1997


Secretary of State: US Senator Carl Curtis of Nebraska
Secretary of the Treasury: former US Congressman Eugene Siler of Kentucky
Secretary of Defense: US Army General Charles H. Bonesteel III of Virginia
Attorney General: civil rights attorney Wayne M. Collins of California (incumbent Walsh retired in January 1969)
Postmaster General: former State Supreme Court Justice Leif Erickson of Minnesota
Secretary of the Interior: outgoing Governor George Dewey Clyde of Utah
Secretary of Agriculture: US Senator Bourke Hickenlooper of Iowa
Secretary of Commerce: economist and University of Chicago professor Milton Friedman of Illinois
Secretary of Labor: former Undersecretary of State Herbert Hoover Jr. of California (incumbent Larson retired in January 1969)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare: Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York
Secretary of Transportation: businessman and railroad executive John C. Coolidge III of Massachusetts

Cabinet-Level Positions:
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency: incumbent Director Allen W. Dulles of New York
Director of the Federal Bureau of Information: incumbent Director J. Edgar Hoover of Washington, D.C.
US Trade Representative: US Congresswoman Florence Dwyer of New Jersey

The President’s Executive Office:
White House Chief of Staff: businessman Frederick B. Dent of New Jersey (incumbent McElroy retired in December 1968)
White House Deputy Chief of Staff: physician Dr. William Kemp Clark of Texas (incumbent Crisp retired in November 1968)
White House Counsel: political strategist and campaign co-manager F. Clifton “Cliff” White of New York
Counselor to the President: congressional staff member and advisor Bryce Harlow of Oklahoma
Chief Domestic Policy Advisor: civil rights activist and employment reform advocate Whitney Young of Kentucky
Chief Economic Policy Advisor: economist and financial advisor Sylvia Porter of New York
Chief Foreign Policy Advisor: publisher on the political economics of national security and atomic energy economist professor J. R. Schlesinger of New York
Chief National Security Advisor: former W.A.C. Lieutenant Colonel Ruth Briggs of Rhode Island
Special Assistant to the President: businessman Harland David Sanders Jr. of Kentucky
Assistant Special Assistant to the President (position created in 1969): banker Joseph Robert Wright Jr. of Oklahoma
Director of the Office of Management and Budget: economist Arthur F. Burns of New Jersey (incumbent Mayo reassigned in January 1969)
Other Counselors and Advisors: African-American speechwriter Andrew Hatcher of New Jersey, assistant speechwriter Jennifer Salt of California, others
White House Communications Director: campaign information director Lee Edwards of Illinois
White House Appointments Secretary: outgoing Deputy Assistant to the President Liddy Hanford of Washington, D.C.
White House Press Secretary: campaign press secretary Ronald Ziegler of California
Administrator of the Small Business Administration: State Senator and small business owner Marshall Parker of South Carolina
President Sanders’ personal secretary: incumbent personal secretary Wanda Boner of Kentucky

Other Notable Members:
Surgeon General: incumbent Luther Leonidas Terry of Alabama
Solicitor General (representative of the Federal Government before the Supreme Court): columnist and former US Senator Joseph H. Ball of Minnesota
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Vice Chairman Benjamin O. Davis Jr. of Washington, D.C. (incumbent Franke retired in January 1969)
Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: US Navy Admiral Thomas H. Moorer of Alabama (incumbent Davis promoted in January 1969)
Secretary of the Army: West Virginia University President Elvis Jacob Stahr Jr. of West Virginia
Secretary of the Navy: Admiral Arleigh Albert Burke of Maryland
Federal Reserve Chairman: incumbent William McChesney Martin of Missouri
NASA Director: incumbent James Edwin Webb of North Carolina

Notable US Ambassadors (in alphabetical order):
To Argentina: Chief of Protocol of the US (July 1968-Jan 1969) Shirley Temple Black of California (incumbent Kaiser retired in January 1969)
To Austria: businessman Malcolm Forbes of New Jersey
To Brazil: US Congressperson Catherine Dean May of Washington
To Cambodia: US Army General William Westmoreland of South Carolina (Kane resigned in 1966, Acting Ambassador served between appointments)
To Canada: former Governor and former US Senator Lawrence Wetherby of Kentucky
To Cuba: former Ambassador to Spain John Davis Lodge of Connecticut
To France: former White House Assistant Staff Secretary John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower of Maryland
To India: incumbent diplomat Dalip Singh Saund of California
To Italy: oil tycoon, art collector, and social programs promoter Algur H. Meadows of Georgia
To Japan: incumbent diplomat G. Mennen “Soapy” Williams of Michigan
To Laos: businesswoman, aviation pioneer, WAAC co-founder, and WASP co-founder Lieutenant Colonel Jacqueline Cochran of California
To Mexico: lawyer and Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy Edward Hidalgo of New York
To Saudi Arabia: former S.A.G. President Ronald Reagan of California (incumbent Crichton reassigned in February 1967)
To South Africa: mining engineer Allan H. Hoover of Iowa
To South Vietnam: diplomat and former US Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. of Massachusetts
To the U.K.: former Continental Illinois Bank Vice President Robert Mayo of Illinois (incumbent Hoover reassigned in December 1968)
To the U.N.: former Ambassador to Japan, former Ambassador to Indonesia, and former Ambassador to Czechoslovakia John Moore Allison of Nebraska
To the U.S.S.R.: Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Jack Crichton (incumbent Herter died December 1966)
To West Germany: journalist for the National Review John Rensselaer Chamberlain of Connecticut


[1] Italicized part pulled from his Wikipedia article (the passage seems to have valid sources)
[2] IOTL, he was scouted by just the Red Sox and the Phillies, and he turned them down because he was a Yankees fan: You can blame the additional scout on butterflies.
[3] IOTL, Dylan was a Republican who supported Barry Goldwater in 1964!:
[4] Italicized bits are from this article:
[5] Youtube: /watch?v=C2NNujJKJL4
[6] Roughly 1½ years sooner than OTL.
[7] Passage is from his OTL 1966 autobiography, page 15
[8] Quote found here:
[9] OTL quote from OTL 1960 debate:
[10] OTL quote from OTL 1960 debate, 31:53 mark: youtube: /watch?v=gbrcRKqLSRw
[11] As noted here:
[12] Info found here:
[13] Nixon said this in the 1960 debate of OTL:
[14] Italicized segments are from OTL:
[15] From his 1966 Autobiography.
[16] US Senator George Smathers (D-FL) doesn’t retire here due to the political situation being more prospective than it was IOTL (he loses re-election by a 2% margin, though): youtube video /watch?v=mG8QC_oTyFA (22:14 to 22:58 mark)
[17] Page 144 of his 1966 autobiography gives the recipe for this.
[18] Oh yeah, the Colonel had two younger siblings: Clarence Edward Sanders (b. 9/18/1892) and Violet Catherine Sanders Cummings (b. 9/24/1895)
[19] One year earlier than OTL because a different person is serving as governor here. Also, this website: suggests the election should have happened in 1969 IOTL anyway, but for some reason did not.

Interesting chapter.

You might want to check the second debate, I think you have Wallace called when it’s Sanders speaking.

Fixed it. Good eye, thanks!

PM Stonehouse? Interested in this- also how is Britain’s industrial development going? Is the country still falling behind here? How’s the UK/Commonwealth space program going?

Rhodesia will be a mess for the UK. Not sure how involved we would get there?

Industry is suffering more than OTL due to Brown's Labour government failing to properly respond to the Salad Oil scandal. Furthermore, OTL factors such as the loss of the Suez and the closure of many operations in mining and manufacturing is hurting high-paid working-class labor. So yeah, they're not in a good place right now.

The British space program still focuses on unmanned launches like in OTL, the Blue Streak rocket are still being launched as the first stage of the European Europa carrier rocket, but funding for it is on the verge of being cut in light of the country's socio-economic/political situation unfolding.

Stonehouse has a score to even, so he'll want to get the job done. Plus, with the next general election coming soon, a rally-around-the-flag event wouldn't hurt.

About ‘66-68 syndication numbers started showing Star Trek’s popularity and it was mooted about bringing it back as the sets and stuff still (just) existed. Will we see the Enterprise fly again ITTL?

Upon looking up Star Trek's history, I see I should have mentioned them in March. So instead, I've gone and thought up something else, and it is in this chapter! :)

Who's Malcolm Forbes supposed to be the ambassador for? Good update, BTW...

Austria (good eye catching that typo!)

Thanks for all the comments, everyone! I really appreciate them!
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Yeah, the Zodiac Killer gets cut short, LBJ in Star Trek, and Donald Trump in baseball?!? This is one of the most interesting TLs I've seen...
Interesting update.

As a note the Brits don’t impeach their leaders they have a ‘motion of no confidence’ to get rid of a party leader.

PM Powell is terrifying for race relations - though the IRA are boned.

Who was the person who died after that 2 hour gun battle with the Police?

Thanks for the Star Trek piece! How did Ball persuade Shatner, Nimoy and co to sign on for Season 3 and 4? Did Roddenberry, and the other main creatives come back- or are we looking at quite a different Trek here for the last 2 seasons?
Interesting update.

As a note the Brits don’t impeach their leaders they have a ‘motion of no confidence’ to get rid of a party leader.

Then what was this?:

Who was the person who died after that 2 hour gun battle with the Police?

The Zodiac Killer. With Lee Harvey Oswald (after accidentally killing Che Guevara) and Ho Chi Minh (after the fall of Hanoi) having fled to parts unknown, I figured the people of TTL would not suffer from having one less OTL mystery to ponder. Plus, with the rise of the pro-Malcolm X "X-men" and youth activism in general, police are on patrol more frequently, or at least are more active/attentive, in the vicinity in question ITTL.

Thanks for the Star Trek piece! How did Ball persuade Shatner, Nimoy and co to sign on for Season 3 and 4? Did Roddenberry, and the other main creatives come back- or are we looking at quite a different Trek here for the last 2 seasons?

Well, IOTL Martin Luther King convinced Nichelle Nichols to stay on as Uhura; I could imagine a former President convincing the original cast to stay on "for the good of the country, and for the sake of NASA and humanity's future" would help. Though I imagine some cast and crew members would still leave the show ahead of the series finale (a bit like "Barney Miller" in OTL. I guess).

Oh, now I'm imagining LBJ giving Kirk and Spock the Johnson Treatment!

Thanks for the feedback!

What Happened to Jimi Hendrix in this timeline? because wasn't he in the army during the Cuban war ITTL

I'll cover this in the next chapter (E.T.A. July 4), @INSCOPEDJFK1963 !
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That British dude was nuts, was that real guy? Nice to see Queen Elizabeth II do something few monarchs can nowadays and that is really step in when needed to handle a political problem.

Lyndon Johnson and Doctor McCoy, both being from the south, would make an interesting Duo. I would imagine that Johnson's character had to have a southern background like McCoy's.
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Chapter 30: January 1969 – July 1969
Chapter 30: January 1969 – July 1969

“If you doom the world, the survivors will make sure you’re not among them.”

– Hunter S. Thompson (TTL)

INTERVIEWER: So let’s move on now to some political questions. First up, since KFC’s been in the news recently, you were 5 years old when Colonel Sanders was first elected President. What it was like growing up under his presidency? Was weird seeing the President’s face on fast-food paraphernalia?

ALEXANDER: No, actually. I thought it was normal because I had no reason not to. Presidents have their faces on coins, so having his on a bucket seemed like impressive, to be honest! But yeah, I figured out before any of my friends did that the guy on the bucket was the same guy who’s picture was hung in the post office and the principal’s office and the like. Heh, I remember, my family loved Kentucky Fried Chicken a lot, and we at it all the time. As the son of two working parents, there were plenty of dinnertimes when a bucket of chicken and all the fixins saved the day. [1] I think I saw the local KFC counter more times than the inside of our family’s fridge! But eventually I did think it was weird that I never saw any other presidents on food except for the Quaker Oats guy, who I thought was Ben Franklin at the time.

INTERVIEWER: Did the franchise ever seem partisan, or conservative to you?

ALEXANDER: Well it was a family restaurant, so they were all about wholesomeness and keeping a happy and welcoming environment. On the other hand, from time to time, you would see a car waving the Confederate flag parked in a KFC parking lot. You still can today, in fact – but only from time to time.

– Oscar-winning actor Jay Scott Greenspan in an interview for Variety magazine, 2019

TOMMY CHONG: Hendrix was a wild one, man. We first met at the start of ’69 …He was a nasty drunk, though – violent and hateful, full of rage and wanting to hurt anyone who even looked at him even sorta in the wrong way. But he was full of love, and he was everyone’s pal, when he was high.

–, 2014

In early 1961, Hendrix was arrested twice for driving stolen cars, and was given a choice: go to jail, or join the US military. With news reports broadcasting American forces entering Cuba in April of that year, and after meeting with local injured WWII veterans, Hendrix decided that “an American prison was comparatively safer than a tropical war zone.” He began his sentence on May 31, 1961. Hendrix reported disliking the prison’s conditions, and was twice reprimanded for starting a fight. He described two racially prejudiced guardsmen as “nothing new” to him. In November, though, his attitude became less recalcitrant upon joining the prison’s music band. Hendrix was soon granted a few hours a day to play guitar, and after a month of good behavior, was allowed to ask his father to send him his red Silverton Danelectro guitar. In March 1963, Hendrix was released early on parole for good behavior. Hendrix had established a rapport with his fellow prisoners, and had had his troublesome attitude placated by the music he played in jail.

Needing a change in scenery, Hendrix moved to Nashville, Tennessee and formed a band called the King Kons. After two years of performing rhythm and blues music at venues in the South, the band broke up over creative differences, and Hendrix moved to Harlem for another change of scenery. In the Summer of 1965, he won first prize in an amateur contest at the famous Apollo Theater, boosting his music career enough for him to sign on to Little Richard’s band The Upsetters. It was around this period that Hendrix began using recreational drugs such as cocained, though some claim he did not try LSD until 1967. Friends noted his use of drugs produced the opposite effect that alcohol had on him.


…57% of customers who took the survey identified as “conservative,” 52% as “Republican,” 56% as “male” and 45% as “white.” The numbers for each of these groups are increases from the 1967 survey results – in the respective order – by 5%, 4%, 7% and 2%. …While the number of customers has increased overall, non-white customers have slowly decreased at an average rate of 4% since 1965. In the past fiscal year (1968), however, these numbers have improved (going up 7% from the 1967 fiscal year’s rate), possibly in the face of easing racial tensions in the US overall since 1965…

This report concludes more focus should be made to win over more non-white, liberal, and female customers…

– KFC customer demographics report, 1/5/1969


…citing same reasons for their first nuptial break-up, with Marilyn accusing Joe of being “too controlling” and Joe accusing Marilyn of being unfaithful, an accusation Marilyn claim’s is “Joe’s green eye…showing.” Monroe and DiMaggio were first married from 1954 to 1955, but were then remarried in 1963. The announcement of their divorce comes weeks before the release of Monroe’s latest movie, “Rain,” a film adaptation of W. Somerset Maugham’s short story. It is Marilyn’s first movie since the 1964 black comedy “What a Way to Go!,” after which Monroe and DiMaggio “took a two-year vacation.” In development is another film, a biopic on Jean Harlow entitled “Platinum,” scheduled for release in 1970. However, in light of Monroe’s past incidents of emotional drama, it will not be surprising if this celebrity break-up stalls production.

The Hollywood Reporter, 1/8/1969

Democratic House leadership election 1969:
Date: January 10, 1969
Seats: All 201 Democratic-held seats
Seats needed to win: 101


John William McCormack (MA), a protégé of Speaker Sam Rayburn, had been Speaker from 1962 to 1967, and had the support of the party hierarchy. Mo Udall (AZ), a Congressman since 1961, opposed McCormack due to the results of the November 1968 elections, which saw another Massachusetts native, former Secretary Jack Kennedy, lose the Presidential election by a surprisingly wide margin. Udall campaigned on the need for a reform of party procedures and a generational “changing of the guard” for the next generation of Democratic voters and leaders. He led a coordinated effort with fellow reformers, but he needed to form a coalition of Congressmen beyond the reformists to win; he won over doves, progressives, and pro-union congressmen in that endeavor by blaming the loss of the House in 1966 and 1968 on McCormack.

Udall – 102
McCormack – 99


Carl Bert Albert (OK), a Congressman since 1947, had been Minority Whip since 1967 and was Majority Leader from 1962 to 1967. Albert’s expected re-election was derailed when he was arrested on January 3 for drunk driving and crashing into a car (and the other driver receiving non-serious injuries while Albert was not injured) in the Cleveland Park neighborhood of Washington. Albert removed his name from consideration to address his alcoholism and the pending legal repercussions (which culminated in an out-of-court settlement) but did not resign. Congressman Hale Boggs (LA), a more conservative politician with a moderate streak, announced his candidacy on the fifth. Boggs’ challengers were reformists James O’Hara (MI) (whom allied with Udall in a coordinated effort to win over the party’s top leadership spots) and Tip O’Neill (MA), plus the liberal B. F. Sisk (CA) and the moderate Harding Noblitt (MN).

Boggs – 108
O’Hara – 72
O’Neill – 11
Sisk – 6
Noblitt – 4

– [2]

“Chief Justice, Vice President, Speaker, former Presidents and First Ladies, and each and every one of my fellow citizens: it is with great pride and humility that, on this day, I begin to lead this country of ours into a new decade of innovation, freedom, prosperity and peace. …During these last four years we took one step out of the jungle and will soon reach out and touch a satellite of the heavens. But we still have many more obstacles to overcome down here on Earth before we encounter the new obstacles that may lay in store for us in space. There is still poverty, there is still corruption, there is still hunger, there is still pollution, there is still disease and warfare and death. But we’ve overcome wait ails us time and again before, and will again, because we are Americans. And Americans always rise up from the deep and dark wells of despair and together achieve the highest beacons of humanity’s greatness.”

– Colonel Sanders’ second inaugural address, 1/20/1969

“…I believe another certain Kentucky-born Republican by the name of Abraham Lincoln would be proud that his party still contains the energy and moral compass it possessed over one hundred years ago. …Colonel Sanders achieved bipartisan support in order to maintain the safety, sanity and security of this nation, and this will continue during the next four years.”

– Vice President William Scranton, 1/20/1969

Just days after attending the 1969 inauguration, Father received a phone call from Aunt Bessie. Uncle Clarence, Father’s kid brother, had died.

– Harland David “Harley” Sanders Jr., In the Thick of It: The Story of The Colonel and His Son, Sunrise Publishing, 1991


Chicago – The brother of President Sanders, Clarence Edward Sanders, 76, passed away in his home in Cook County on the 26th. Secret Servicemen surrounded the grieving party to ensure the funeral service was held in a small and private venue earlier today. Reverend Billy Graham reportedly said a few words at the funeral. Clarence will be interred in Elmwood Cemetery in Lake County.

The Colonel’s brother was born on September 18, 1892 to Wilbert Sanders and Margaret Dunlevy, and was married to Bertha Northcutt before his second marriage to Bessie Chartier DeLor. His is survived by Bertha, Bessie, children James and Charles, brother Harland, sister Violet Sanders-Cummings, and many other relatives. Clarence was a boisterous presence in the White House, much like the Colonel. “They were cut from the same cloth, to believe in the high value to honest work and respect for one’s fellow man,” says his niece, Margaret Sanders. The Sanders family requests that donations be given to humanitarian organizations in lieu of flowers or cards.

Chicago Tribune, 1/29/1969

Many say it was solely Pastor Waymon that cured me. But I think another ingredient to it was my grandchildren and great-grandchildren. They loved to visit the White House. They really brought life to that old building. And I didn’t want to expose them to the sin of swearing. Even still, I would cuss up a storm even if I wasn’t absolutely sure that any one of them wasn’t within earshot, behind a door or running down the hall.

After my brother Clarence passed away in January 1969, something compelled me to speak to Rev. Graham. I asked him to speak at Clarence’s funeral. He obliged, and I was captivated by the confidence of his words. After the ceremony, I asked him if I would be damned for all eternity for cursing. He told me to listen to God through the words of the bible. So I started reading a bit of the bible each night, keeping its thoughts and ideas stored in the back of my mind as the weeks went on.

About a month later, in February…

– Colonel Sanders’ Life As I Have Known It Has Been Finger-Lickin’ Good, Creation House publishing, 1974

1969 was a year more focused more on domestic policies getting passed. I mean, foreign events occurred, of course, but the President wanted to focus on the concerns of the voters after so much time in his first term spent on concerns overseas. He called for decentralizing the education system for the US, but still urged vocational education and job training to cut down on already-low unemployment rate. He also strongly supported programs to help the poor, um, like building homeless shelters and food pantries, and federal assistance programs that fund statewide assistance programs, just in case the Federal Aid Dividend proposal fell through again like how it had in 1965.

– Former Press Secretary Ron Ziegler, 60 Minutes Interview, 1991

The troika between Inauri, Molotov and Kosygin was shaky at best from the very beginning. Immediately, Inauri sought to consolidate power, and was aided in that effort by the aging Molotov. Upon dismissing Kosygin without an official explanation, the troika dissolved and Inauri became the effective ruler of the USSR.

Below: Aleksi Inauri

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Inauri, who was 60 years old in early 1969, was a Soviet Colonel General and the commander of the Georgian KGB from 1954 until 1963, after which he rose through the ranks under the Shelepin era. As head of the Georgian KGB, Inauri, who was of Georgian descent (“just like Stalin,” as he often pointed out), responded vigorously to anti-Soviet dissident groups in Georgia with strict discipline and a large web of espionage of KGB undercover agents infiltrating dissident groups, which included the Georgian Orthodox Church at one point. His political support for Shelepin formed early; in 1963, he was the one who personally escorted Khrushchev out of Moscow. Co-workers in the politburo considered Inauri to be “clever” and “very cunning” when it came to getting things done…

– Victor Cherkashin’s Adamant: The Rulers of the USSR and the KGB, Basic Books, 2005


Washington, DC – Senator John Sherman Cooper (R-KT), a political ally of The Colonel, introduced on Capitol Hill today a new bill for “urban restoration.” …The bill’s goal is to “find and fund forms for fixing” sources of urban violence, Cooper explain on the Senate floor…

The Washington Times, 2/15/1969

As a United States Senator, Mondale worked hard to build up the center of the party on economic and social issues. Unlike like his own father, a fervent liberal, he was not a crusader for the New Deal. Instead, he realized the Democratic base (especially ethnic blue-collar workers) was gradually moving to the right and he worked to keep their support. Mondale showed little or no interest in foreign policy until about 1969, when he realized that some knowledge was necessary if he had loftier aspirations than the Senate. …He developed a centrist position on foreign policy, avoiding alignment with either the party’s hawks…or its doves. [3]


CRONKITE: In political news, President Sanders has offered amnesty to Indochina draft-evaders in an official announcmenet at the White House earlier today.

SANDERS (in clip): A conditional amnesty program for deserters and draft-evaders of the Indochina Theater will waive such folks of any charges – provided they agree to work for a year in public service, and other requirements, pending the severity of each case.

CRONKITE: Ten months ago, Sanders created the Presidential Clemency Board to oversee the execution of the program. Today’s announcement comes at the conclusion of months of the board reviewing hundreds of related cases from all branches of the US military...

– CBS Evening News, 2/16/1969 broadcast

On February 17, 1969, a US B-52 Stratofortress on a routine exercise experienced an engine breakdown and crashed into the rocky highlands of northern Newfoundland, Canada [4]. While four of the six crewmen onboard successfully bailed out, the remaining two, plus two Canadian surveyors on the ground, perished in the resulting fireball. The plane’s nuclear payload was onboard, and while did not detonate in a nuclear explosion due to being disengaged at the time, the crash did cause a conventional explosion and the dispersion of hazardous radiation into the areas surrounding the mountains east of Daniels Harbour. While basically ignored by American media, due to being buried in the second page of most papers as a minor Air Force incident, Canada’s Prime Minister Hellyer accused Sanders of recklessness.

In the White House briefing room, Sanders pounded the desk with his cane in aggravation [5]. “Hellyer, don’t give me that bulls#*t!” he spouted into the receiver. “We signed off on sharing air space for military exercises back in ’66!”

On the other end of the line, Hellyer refused to back down on his assertion that the blame for the incident lies entirely at the Colonel’s feet, and hung up before the Colonel was finished ranting. Realizing his anger was not helping, he let out one last groan of frustration before composing himself. “Sorry y’all had to see that.”

“It’s alright, sir, we’re used to it,” Curtis assured him.

“Really?” The Colonel seemed a bit surprised. “Well, let’s get the head of the Air Force in here. We’ve got to get our stuff out of there. And figure out how to clean up the mess we’ve spilled.”

Bonesteel suggested “Shouldn’t we agreed to the specs for a joint US-Canadian cleanup plan with Hellyer’s men first, sir?”

“We wait for him to get off his high-horse and who knows how many people will die from this radiation cr*p? No, no, we’re sending in cleanup crews ASAP!”

American officials subsequently launched Project Zhivago (a reference to the 1965 film Dr. Zhivago, which contains famous scenes set in icy Siberia), an extensive operation to remove debris from ice and waterways in northern Newfoundland, where in February the temperature was often below -30 degrees Fahrenheit, and winds often blew at over 30 miles per hour. As such, equipment failure from freezing conditions slowed American efforts. These conditions were complicated by concerns that the spring thaw expected to arrive in several weeks would melt contaminated ice and spread the radiation. Nervous over the time crunch, local Canadians sought to help in any way they could.

In Ottawa, though, Hellyer called for tariffs on American imports as a way to financially compensate for the environmental damage caused by the stratofortress crash. Further talks between Hellyer and Sanders led to Hellyer finally agreeing to send in Canadian officials to assist with the cleanup, but talks of compensation persisted.

The incident’s renewal of tensions between the Hellyer and Sanders governments made citizens in both countries with families and friends across the border nervous of the possible economic ramifications. However, after weeks of uneasiness, Sanders offered an olive branch in the form of agreeing to cover financial costs for the cleanup in exchange for Hellyer ending his tariff proposal. Hellyer agreed to the offer after both leaders agreed to blame “the Cold War,” not each other, for the incident.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

“In 1969, I had a date with Tricia Nixon. It was a date arranged by my dad, as he had just started working as the national RNC chairman at the time, and Nixon was back in the Senate, and they thought, well, why not? It was interesting. I showed up to pick her up in a purple gremlin. I took her to a dinner held for Frank Borman, the astronaut from Houston who was a friend of my Dad. It wasn’t exactly a romantic dinner, but afterwards we did manage to have some time alone, and we got to know each other better. Our likes, our aspirations, our fears. Things like that. Dating the former VP’s daughter had its hurdles, though. It included things like sneaking away from the Secret Service, which really pissed off Senator Nixon from time to time. But, uh, he didn’t think little of me, we got along well enough, I’d say.” [6]

– George W. Bush, 2011 interview

While Dave Thomas’ Wendy’s was the shop primarily used for the introduction of new items, sometimes we would experiment in expanding KFC’s menu, too. In February 1969, Pop decided to visit me and the kids after an apparently stressful meeting with the Air Force over some issue or other, and he decided to see the new menu items he’d heard so much about.

“Don’t worry, Pop, they’re all based on your old recipes,” I assured him.


Pop took a bite out of the new potato salad [7] made with fresh potatoes, fresh herbs, and creamy butter. After a few suspenseful seconds, Pop declared with delight “I like it! Great job, Mildred!”

– Mildred Sanders Ruggles’ My Father, The Colonel: A Life of Love, Politics, and KFC, StarGroup International, 2000

…About a month later, in February, I quietly visited KFC headquarters Florence. Afterwards, I met with Governor Robsion in Frankfort. I was about to head to the airport when something compelled me to visit Louisville, maybe to check on some relatives or the city’s Republican mayor, I wasn’t sure. I convinced the secret service to take over there. It was Sunday morning, and as we passed the Assemblies of God church, I remembered why the Louisville had been on my mind – this was one of the many churches that had invited me to sit in on their services since becoming President. I thought back to Reverend Graham telling me to listen to the good word, and so I figured, “I’m already here, why not check in?” The Secret Servicemen were very wary of this, but I believed no harm could come from entering a church.

The Evangel Tabernacle Assembly of God’s pastor was an energetic middle-aged man named Waymon Rodgers. Finishing up his sermon, I was impressed by his raw emotional urge for his flock to follow the faith do good deeds, so I went and got to talk to him in private. He wasn’t expecting to talk to the President that Sunday, but sometimes unexpected things happen – how you respond to them, though, is what really matters in the end.

When I asked the pastor what he thought about my soul. I opened up to him about my swearing problem, but I went even further and told him about my insecurity over my actions as Commander-in-Chief. All the young men killed in Vietnam and Laos, and the innocents gone forever on both sides. And more recently, the men killed in the Newfoundland Incident. The more I thought about it, the more eager for I became to hear his answer. He told me I was preaching to the young man; he told me to kneel and pray to God directly. I did so, and I prayed for my very soul. I prayed for Jesus to save me, and to forgive me for the sins of my past actions. Pastor Waymon then knelt down next to me and asked if I’d like to be born again.

I told him, “I really would. Do you think that Jesus could save me to the point where he would take away my cussing?” I said at the verge of tears-shedding.

And Pastor Waymon said to me “Colonel, God is going to save you tonight and you’ll never cuss again.”

In that moment, I went from believing in Jesus to accepting him into my heart.

We left to return to Washington. A few weeks later, I managed to get a hold of him on the phone and tell him the most wonderful of news. It was like a curse had lifted. I told him, “Since I prayed the sinner’s prayer, things have completely changed in my life. I have not cussed even one time since then. It has really made a difference with me.” [8]


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Above: National Secretary of Radio Lee Shultz (left), me (center), and Revivaltime host C. M. Ward (right) sharing in a moment of prayer, circa 1969

– Colonel Sanders’ Life As I Have Known It Has Been Finger-Lickin’ Good, Creation House publishing, 1974

I have already said all of this before in my book, but I think I can say it all again.

Basically, after the Invasion of Poland, when we killed all of those innocent people, young, old, anyone we spotted, anyone who couldn’t get out of the away or run fast enough, after all that, I was… broken. Not a single person back home even knew about it. What we did in Poland was the final straw; it was the catalyst for me. I was already so resentful of being forced into the Soviet Army in early 1968, but what they made us do in the army… in the invasion… it disgusted me, and it, um, distressed me, to my breaking point…

In late February, I was still in the army unit when I heard about Inauri honoring our latest cosmonauts with a motorcade parade in Moscow. It was for the docking of two crafts, or something, together up in space. They were called the Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5, I believe, and it happened a few weeks before. They may have been trying to downplay the upcoming moon landing. Anyway, the announcement gave me an opportunity that I did not want to lose. That night, I stole two handguns, both small enough to easily hide in my coat, and I fled from my army unit. I made it back, all the way back, to my home in Leningrad, my family’s home. There, I stole my brother’s police uniform and then I set out for Moscow.

It was very cold out on March 1, but all the people outside did not mind. It was always cold; there was no heat, no stores where you could go out and buy a coat or a scarf or even a pair of dry underwear to keep you warm, not like how it is now. No, back then you froze for the good of the country! Heh. But, no, no, back to what I was saying. The people, assembled on the street to wave at the celebrated cosmonauts, some of them were hoping to get waved at and others were hoping to catch a glimpse at their blindly-beloved leader. So none of them noticed me.

As I waited for my chance, my mind drifted to the Johnson and Sanders assassination attempts – the ones in 1963 and 1964, I believe, the ones spread all over the Soviet media in order to show how America was such a weaker nation as it could not even protect their leaders from harm. Those assassins had failed because they had never got a clean shot, as far as I knew; that’s what the soviet papers told us, at least Kommunist if not Pravda. And because of this, I waited until I actually saw Inauri exit the limo. I was glad I did this, or I would have fired into the wrong car, and who knows what would have happened after that! Heh. But when I saw him, Inauri, the latest symbol of the people’s oppression, I got up on this ledge for a better view of him, one that was clear, clean, and unobstructed. And I had to act very quickly. I took out both handguns and I fired right at him. I saw the bullets hit him. Then I was knocked to the ground.

– Viktor Ivanovich Ilyin, Russian-1 TV interview, 3/1/2009

Ilyin managed to fire all twelve bullets – that is six in each pistol – before being subdued by a frightened but angry crowd headed by security men. Five bullets hit parts of the limo. Three in total hit and injured others around Inauri, none severely. Of the four bullets that hit Inauri, one hit him in the arm, one grazed the side of his head, one hit the left-side lung, and one hit the side of the abdomen, slowed by a roll of fat the kept it from reaching anything vital. The one that cracked a bone in his ribcage was not so severe, though, so we did not focus on that one as much as we focused on other one. The one in his left lung. The leader immediately had trouble breathing, and he bled profusely. He was stabilized just as we were getting him into the operating room. It required hours of careful surgery to remove the bullet as it was in a position too delicate to risk removal, and we determined he could survive with it still in him. The KGB interrogated us to ensure we had done all we could. This however, just led to the KGB placing the blame for the incident, as they called it, on two members of Inauri’s personal guard, whom were executed for negligence. It was terrible, but understandable. The regime couldn’t suppress something witnessed by so many people, and once the news spread, the Russian people wanted blood. And if we couldn’t blame the Americans, then we would have to blame some of our own.

– Anonymous Doctor, Russian-1 TV interview, 3/1/2009

EXTRA: SOVIET LEADER SHOT AT PUBLIC CELEBRATION EVENT! Aleksi Inauri Expected to Recover, According to Reliable Sources

The Daily Sketch, 3/2/1969

ANDROPOV: Why did you decide that you are a judge and can decide with a gun in your hands?

ILYIN: Because a person should live, not exist.

ANDROPOV: What does that mean?

ILYIN: Now people try to survive by any means possible… something is very wrong in our society.

– Audio recording of KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov interrogating Viktor Ilyin, 3/1/1969 [9]

I went through a court case where I had no defender and was not permitted to do any talking! They then sent me to a lunatic asylum. I was tortured within an inch of my life. Inauri then decided I would be kept alive, as executing me would end my suffering. But I discuss that part of my life in my book.

– Viktor Ivanovich Ilyin, Russian-1 TV interview, 3/1/2009

With three years left to go in his seven-year term, early speculation that he would win re-election in March 1972 was perfectly understandable. President Mitterrand’s collective bargaining agreements and tax-and-spend economic policies were implemented despite several scandalous accusations. Conservatives, moderates, and even some liberals accused him of being a Soviet Spy, of using the Treasury for personal profit, and of weakening NATO. However, probes into these accusations produced nothing. Not even investigations into alleged mismanagement of funds for Mitterrand’s “Grand Projects,” a social agenda similar in some ways to American President Johnson’s “Great Society” agenda, proved nothing. Mitterrand’s approval ratings never significantly dropped to begin with, leading to his finance minister controversially stating “people care more about results than origins,” sparking another investigation that found nothing. Politically, Mitterrand was at times isolated even within liberal/socialist circles, leading to him making and breaking alliances whenever doing so favored his administration’s agenda. By doing this, France saw the abolition of the death penalty, the establishing a 39-hour-work week, and (despite what many thought a socialist President would never support) the end of a government monopoly on radio and TV broadcasting between 1965 and 1969. Mitterrand also formally apologized to the Huguenots on 2 February 1966. Such effectiveness made him popular among the people, but not among party leaders. The most unsettling aspect of his Presidency for conservatives was his closeness to China, even before The Colonel famously broke bread with Chairman Mao. In 1961, during the Great Chinese Famine, Mitterrand had visited China and denied the existence of such mass starvation [10]; however, this would not become a major stain on his legacy for decades. Mitterrand’s opening of trade relations with the PRC in 1969, though, was popular among 52% of the French people, according to contemporary polling. Overall, Mitterrand’s political future seemed very secure.

– Jonathan Fenby’s The History of Modern France, Scholastic, 2015

…Also in the news, President Sanders today signed into law the Rural Development Act, a broad act aimed at increasing the quality of life in rural areas across the country…

– NBCB News, 3/2/1969 broadcast


…the three Astronauts on board the historic flight are some of NASA’s finest. The Mission Commander is Air Force Colonel Gus Grissom, 42; the Lunar Module Pilot is Major Charles Bassett, 37; the Command Module Pilot is Capt. Ted Freeman, 39. If all goes as planned, Freeman will remain in orbit while Grissom and Bassett land the Lunar Module “Eagle” on the moon. Grissom will exit the vehicle first, making him the first man on the moon…

– The Orlando Sentinel, 3/3/1969


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– Lyndon Johnson proudly looks on as Apollo 10 lifts off, 3/3/1969

For a long while we saw nothing out the window as the moon was cloaked in darkness, and it wouldn’t be until the sun rose onto it when we could finally see our destination. Back at home, 500 million people were following our voyage on television and radio sets across the globe. The largest audience in history was watching, and listening to our every move.

Gene Kranz, the flight director, helped us land in that wobbly strip of alien ground. One more task done, still more left to go, I remember thinking. The landing site had needed to be smooth, relatively free of problematic craters, cliffs, and hills, and give us with good visibility – The Sea of Tranquility (or Mare Tranquilitatis) beat out Central Bay (Sinus Medii) and the Ocean of Storms (Oceanus Procellarum) for the spot.

We had to make sure we had landed safely, and that all of our equipment was still working. Charles lightened the mood by joking “hey, I think I see Flash Gordon flying by!”

We opened up the hatch to the spectacularly flat region of the moon, and I remember gazing at the majestic mountain ranges way off in the background. As commander, I received the honor of becoming the first man to walk on the moon on March 7, 11:52, EST. We were 238,900 miles away from Earth, but the live broadcast being viewed worldwide brought millions of eyeballs to Earth’s satellite, and for a long moment all of them were watching just the two of us.

I had rehearsed saying the famous words over and over, and I think I did said them just fine: “This is just one small step …for… just one man, but it’s… also one giant leap… for all of… mankind.” It was a little wordy, I will admit, but I’m not a writer, and I was too concerned with the mission at hand at the time.

When I felt my boot finally make contact with the ground, I felt a huge surge of relief rush over me. We still had our work cut out for us, but we took a brief moment to let it sink in what we had already accomplished that day. The mission had made its mark in the annals of history; after thousands of years of dreaming, after 21.2 billion dollars and nearly a decade of hard work from thousands of people. After the losses suffered and so much sacrifice made, mankind had finally made it to the moon.

When we raised the American flag, it noticeably wobbled and waved a bit from the vibrations of sticking it into the lunar surface. We checked the cameras and equipment, and immediately went to work. The two of us spent roughly 3 hours outside the spacecraft collecting lunar material to bring back to Earth while Ted piloted the command module “Columbia” in lunar orbit.


Right before we left, I commented to the millions still watching us at home, “we came here out of curiosity, and for the pursuit of knowledge, and in doing so, we also hope to bring the message of peace and love to every part of the Universe, starting with this natural satellite that we call The Moon.” We all felt a sense of true accomplishment, that because of this astounding feat, this worldwide celebration of the human spirit, the world’s future could only get brighter.


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– Gus Grissom’s autobiography Into that Glorious Vacuum: My Trip to the Moon and Our Trip Beyond It, St. Martin’s Press, 1987

Despite introducing its own TV sets 1960, Motorola was a 40-years-old company that was not shy about going for big and bold endeavors. When Gus Grissom spoke the first words from the Moon, he said them through a Motorola transceiver. …Motorola was all about the sales pitch that personal computer consuls were going to be the next big thing. One studio head described the concept as a “glorified robot accountant,” but they were certain it would change world of business. Turns out they undersold it!

– Former Motorola CEO Evan Williams, PBS edutainment special, 2009

“The moon landing was the only thing my fellow students were talking about in class that whole week, the day of the actual landing was on a Wednesday… [snip] …On Thursday, one kid in home room complained that his parents thought it was a waste of money, but everyone else disagreed – even the kid in question thought that it was still cool. Another kid in class claimed it would more than pay for itself once we start mining in space. The teacher backed him up on this and I think that made the poor kid feel better about it all. I felt even better when I learned on Friday that President Sanders had revealed that the Apollo 12 mission would include the only Black Astronaut qualified for the mission – Air Force Major Robert H. Lawrence Junior. At the time, it seemed that Lawrence would merely fly the Command Module, meaning that while he would not land on the moon, he would still be the first Black man to go to space.”

– Dr. Ben Carson, 2019 memoir


…The fifth crewed mission of the Apollo Program and splashed down in the Pacific, on March 11, eight days after blasting off from Florida. The mission fulfilled President Johnson’s 1961 promise of sending mankind to the moon “within the next ten years.” …the astronauts spent the next days in quarantine in case they brought back anything contagious… ...Since that celebratory photo-op at the White House, the Apollo 10 astronauts Gus Grissom, Charles Bassett, and Ted Freeman, have ridden in massive parades in New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles this past week. …Millions of cheering fans fill the streets with their adoration and admiration for these sudden celebrities… Yesterday, during their time in Los Angeles, they attended an official state dinner held to celebrate the flight. A glamourous celebration of going to the moon and back was attended by a plethora of politicians, dignitaries, scientists and foreign ambassadors. Even some major Hollywood celebrities were spotted at the event, including Marilyn Monroe, Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, and Steve McQueen. …The three lunar men will start a worldwide tour that will take them several countries across the world, according to a reliable source…

The Hollywood Reporter, 3/23/1969

“What was the mood in the Soviet space program when American astronauts landed on the moon?”

“It was very similar to feeling among Americans when Gagarin went into orbit. Some of them tried to ignore it, some of them were insulted. …the Soviet propaganda did not play it up or give too much information… The Russian people had many problems in day-to-day life, they were not too concerned about the first man on the moon.”

– Interview with Nikita Khrushchev’s son,

People may say many things about Inauri, but to me, he was a comrade. A companion. I had never gotten along too well with Shelepin, especially towards the end of his life. This was mainly because he was hinting at shutting down the Star City projects and completely throwing away the Soviet Union’s plans for a lunar landing. Not only had the Americans beaten us to it, but our tests in N1 rocket program kept ending in disastrous failure. To him, the era of the Cosmonauts was reaching its end.

That changed under Inauri. Aleksi, new to the office and its administrative responsibilities and undeterred by the attack on his life, was a man of military background, like myself. He believed that space exploration was an expansion of the military; “outer space needs protection from capitalism, like any place does,” was how he put it. When I first went to speak with him about the lunar exploration programs, he listened to me. He respected my experience, and agreed with my assertion that a lunar landing of our own would revitalize Soviet morale and intimidate the Americans. As a result of our many conversations over the course of his reign, funding for Star City’s programs – from Zond to Soyuz – increased to unprecedented levels.

Among the Stars: The Autobiography of Yuri Gagarin, 1995

THE FEDERAL AID DIVIDEND – IT’S NOT JUST A FAD!: Everyone’s Talking About It, But Who’s Actually Working On it?!

…Senate Leader Dirksen expects the F.A.D. bill to be voted on by the end of the congress currently in session…

– Tumbleweed magazine, March 1969 issue

“Folks, the task force led Vice President Scranton has brought me some very revealing stats with this her report. Y’all have a copy? Yeah? Good. Because it seems forcing whites to go to black-majority school districts and forcing blacks to go to white-majority school districts may be worsening racial relations. In practice, the policies are wrong, but in theory, they are for the best of intentions. Still, the report paints the picture that voluntary integration of communities should be encouraged, and it can’t be rushed or forced under most circumstances. We live together in this country and we should live together in our towns and cities, and we should encourage whites and blacks with being okay with having each other as neighbors. That’s what it comes down to. Stereotypes and blind prejudices aren’t things you can simply legislate away. So I don’t think I’m going to support busing anymore.”

“Folks, folks, settle down, please. Folks, busing is already creating racial hostilities where there were none before. And since its implementation under President Johnson, it is hurting children and families on both sides of the issue. Children wake up early to spend what can end up being hours riding a bus to a school so far away from home that the parents themselves can’t afford to travel there for parent-teacher meetings or any school events at all. I think that if the federal government is going to interfere in this manner, it’s better to build up the disadvantaged than build down the advantaged. To that effect, I’m going to promote towns themselves becoming integrated naturally. I’ve spoken to some Governors and Mayors and I think many with racial problems should make penalties for biased realty maneuvers. Because that’s what determines these school districts in the first place!”

“Well because the fact is, folks, that housing segregation is still going on despite court rulings against it, as my domestic policy chief has pointed out and demonstrated with the Scranton report. Instead of forcing black students to travel far away from families for an integrated school experience, blacks should not be discouraged from moving into better school districts, and that starts with fair and color-blind housing and real-estate practices. Now I’m aware that getting rid of deep-rooted prejudice is not something that can get done in just four years, as it needs to be slow and it takes time and effort, but justice and social harmony are worth the time and effort.”

– Colonel Sanders at a press briefing, 3/27/1969

“I’m surprised. I think the Colonel is finally catching on to what his conservative friends on the hill are up to. Busing suggests that all white people schools are better than all black-people schools. It’s a sneaky, less open way to putting us down, by suggesting to our children that we can’t run a school without them and without their children in it.”

– Malcolm X to a reporter, 3/27/1969

“I’ve spoken to the President, and I’ve told him that increasing school funding overall, in a manner that is blind to racial demographics, would be a process much easier to handle than busing and it would be much more effective as well. I’ve told him that we need early teaching programs, and smaller classroom for the more problematic youths…”

– Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., 3/28/1969

BYE BURGERS, HI HOOPS: McDonald’s Ray Kroc To Run San Diego Padres; A Woman To Take Over As CEO!

…Ray Kroc, the man who turned a Floridian small burger shack into a worldwide brand through streamlining mass production techniques, has stepped down as CEO of McDonald’s to take on a new role – manager of a California-based baseball team. “Baseball has always been my lifelong favorite sport,” explained Kroc at a press conference earlier today, where Kroc also announced who is replacement would be at McDonald’s.

Kroc’s designated successor is Board of Directors member June Martino, who he described as having the gusto and experience necessary to lead the company into the next decade. “Martino has the integrity and restless ability to deal with problems big and small.”

Martino, 51, began her career working for Kroc in 1948, when he hired her to do bookkeeping for his Multimixer milkshake enterprise. She previously served as McDonald’s Corporate Secretary and as the head of its Treasury. In the multimillion-dollar corporation, Martino also has often played the pivotal of peacemaker, mediating between opposing managers and directors, because she is the “only universally liked executive in McDonald’s,” according to one anonymous McDonald’s manager. Martino will join Mildred Sanders in being the female CEO of a major fast-food company, making her one of the most financially and economically powerful and influential women in the country.

– The Financial Times, late March issue


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The New York Times, 3/29/1969

The 1969 Turkish military memorandum was the second military intervention to take place in the Republic of Turkey, coming nine years after its 1960 predecessor. It is known as the “coup by memorandum,” which the military delivered in lieu of sending out tanks, as it had done previously. The event came amid worsening domestic strife, but ultimately did little to halt this phenomenon.

Years of economic recession (brought on mostly by internal mistakes, but also by the economic ripple effects of the 1963 Salad Oil scandal) had led to a steadily-rising wave of social unrest in Turkey, marked by street demonstrations, labor strikes, and even criminal activities such as Cam Bomb campaigns, petty robbery and vandalism, and even political assassinations. Both left-wing and right-wing factions opposed the government rule of centrist PM Suleyman Demirel, whose failure to keep together factions within the ruling Justice Party caused legislation to come to a halt, which only worsened the situation. In March 1968, the death of a 21-year-old college student named Deniz Gezmis at the hands of police during a riot created a martyr and escalated hostilities. By the start of 1969, universities were unable to function properly as more and more students took to the streets, and pro-government factions violently assaulted liberal professors. Industry suffered due to striking workers.

On April 2, 1969, through the Chief of the General Staff, the armed forces handed the PM a memorandum amounting to an ultimatum. It called for a new government that “inspired by Ataturk’s views, will implement the reformist laws” needed to “neutralize the current anarchical situation.” Seeing the situation as a way of walking away from the problem without being seen as doing so cowardly, Demirel took the opportunity and resigned, putting opposition leader Ismet Inonu in charge

Inonu, wanting to remain in power through any means necessary, quickly became a puppet for the military, whose leader declared on April 3 “We are the liberators of the good Turkish people; we will reign in the chaos immediately.” The right-wing de facto military junta imposed martial law, established a curfew, banned youth organizations, prohibited union publications, and illegalized strikes. Hundreds were rounded up and tortured, other sent to state-run kangaroo court trials. The situation continued to worsen…

– Stephen Kinzer’s Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds, Farrar and Giroux Publications Ltd, 2001


Washington, DC – Church bells rang out today in celebration of the Holy Union of Congressman Kenneth “Ken” Hechler and Governor Cornelia Genevive “Coya” Knutson (nee Gjesdahl). “Today I did something I never thought I’d ever do – get married!” the groom proclaimed at today’s reception, “But of course, that was before I met Coya.” The two politicians, known for their down-to-Earth styles and humble attitudes, first met in Washington, DC in early 1961, as Hechler was beginning his second term in the United States House of Representatives and Knutson was beginning her third (and first consecutive) term in the House. Hechler, age 55, represents West Virginia’s 4th district, and Coya Knutson, age 57, represented Minnesota’s 7th district before being elected Governor last November. When asked about her surname, Ms. Knutson remarked “I will probably keep my name as is; the people of this state and the people of my old district, not to mention all of my friends and family, are already used to ‘Ms. Coya Knutson,’ as am I. I’m just happy Ken approves this.” Mr. Hechler concurred: “I don’t mind, as long as she’s happy.” Hechler and Knutson plan to continue to divide their time between Minnesota, West Virginia, and in Washington, D.C. "Only in modern America," Hechler notes, "can 2 people build a marriage across 2 states and a federal district."

– Celebrations section of The Washington Post, Sunday, 4/13/1969

[In April 1969, T]he Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China opened in Beijing, the first in almost 14 years. Defense Minister Lin Biao delivered the opening address warning of American encroachment: “Their Colonel peddles his capitalist wares in the Philippines and Japan, perched right off of our shores. We cannot let them in.” Zedong soon confronted Lin over the rhetoric, and demanded an explanation.

The rift between Lin and Mao had already started in 1967, when Lin insulted Mao’s wife, Jiang Qing, which made it difficult for Lin and Qing to support each other over their shared view that Mao’s warming of relations with the US was a mistake. In 1969, Lin attempted to avoid being purged for suggesting the US was “a nation of liars that could not be trusted” by claiming his misspoke due to illness. Lin and Mao had disagreed in the past over the Korean War and the results of the Great Leap Forward, but this time, Mao would not tolerate his close ally’s opinion differing from his own even if it was unintentional. In fact, Mao may have possibly gone ahead with talks with US officials simply to spite Lin. Furthermore, Mao was critical of Lin’s recurring health issues – “Do not emulate the Ming emperor Shizong, who devoted so much of his time to searching for longevity medicines that he neglected his governing responsibilities” – despite Zedong’s own health beginning to decline at around this time.

As a result of this exchange, Zedong decided not to purge Lin, believing his actions were the result of health ailments, not a differing of opinion. Instead, Mao stripped Biao of his responsibilities and demanded he visit a hospital to revive his health. With the delegates of the Ninth National Congress approving unanimously, the moderate Zhou Enlai was promoted to the position of Vice-Chairman over the quietly more liberal (and ultimately purged) Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping. This made Zhou Enlai officially Mao’s designated successor.

– Yu Changgen’s Zhou Enlai: A Political Life, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2006

[On Thursday, April 18, 1969, T]he Colonel turned off the television set in anger, outrage at the continuation of youth protests. Youngsters that voted for him in 1968 were either disappointed at the lack of progressive legislation scheduled for the rest of 1969, believing their concerns should take precedent, or outraged at the Colonel coming out against busing. “Did you read about how one of the KFC outlets in Minnesota got hit by a Molotov cocktail the other day? It was just some light damage and no one was hurt, but the media treated it like it was nothing! That wasn’t nothing, that’s the action of violent hoodlums! Who ever heard of political activists acting like criminal vandals?”

Claudia was about to comment when the Colonel’s National Security Advisor, Ruth Briggs of, arrived at the Oval Office unannounced.

The Colonel remarked, “What is it, Ruth? I’m trying to figure out how to handle these picket-punks before they hurt someone.”

“Sir, we have a bigger crisis on our hands.”

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

The President, Secretary of State Curtis, Secretary of Defense Bonesteel, Chief Foreign Policy Advisor Schlesinger, Chief National Security Advisor Ruth Briggs, Special Assistant to the President Harley Sanders, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Benjamin O. Davis Jr., Secretary of the Army Elvis Stahr Jr., and Secretary of the Navy Burke all convened together to review the situation. In their respective offices, the US Ambassador to the U.N. John Allison and the US Ambassador to the Soviet Union Jack Crichton were on secure lines.

“What calamity do we need to clean up before it spills everywhere now?”

“Sir!” Bonesteel shot up to exposit the collected information. “The Russian Navy is mobilizing warships. They were detecting leaving Rostov and passing through the Sea of Azov a few hours ago. They’re now in the Black Sea and heading south. We’re concerned the move may be against our PGM-19 Jupiter intermediate-range ballistic missiles set up in Turkey during the Johnson administration.”

“Sir,” a man at a desk jumped up, “Ships are now 200 miles north of Sinop.”

“What’s that, another abbreviation?” the Colonel inquired.

“No, sir, it’s a town on the northern tip of Turkey.”

“Y’all think they’re heading there?”

“It’s a possibility, sir.”

“Alright, alright, I know the drill – get me the Kremlin,” Sanders contacted Inauri through the hotline established for communication between Johnson and Khrushchev. Soon the Colonel’s counterpart was asked “Is this some kind of exercise or practice your men are doing over there? Because you’re getting very far from your coastline.”

The Premier’s reply was played so the whole room could hear it. “No, Sanders,” Inauri was blunt, “Turkey’s revolution has complicated travel of our ships through the Bosporus. It has thrown a wrench into Russian trade with the rest of the Mediterranean and Middle East. Also, Turkey is the host of many Russian exchange students whose lives are now in danger. The Soviet Union must protect its own. We will restore law and order to Turkey to do so. Goodbye.”

“Sir, he’s bulls#!tin’ us!” Ambassador Crichton exclaimed, “I was just talking to an education delegate of theirs at the UN last month. They’ve had no foreign exchange student pograms since Shelepin took over.”

“You sure that’s right?” The Colonel asked.

“Scout’s honor!”

Bonesteel remarked “He must be aiming at the Jupiter missiles in Turkey, sir. If he invades, he could try to obtain them.”

“And if we call him out on it, we’ll be confessing to their existence, embarrassing us on the world stage in front of our allies,” Ambassador Allison trailed on.

“Our only nuclear missile sites in the area are in Italy and Turkey [11], and Inauri could see our support of Turkey, despite the military now being in charge, as a threat to Russia,” reviewed Curtis.

After a moment of mulling, the Colonel asked “So. What are our options here? We can’t do nothing.”

“We can use diplomatic pressure to get the Soviets to leave,” offered Allison.

“Inauri doesn’t care about international pressure – we need to do some ‘intervening’ ourselves in Turkey,” Secretary Burke suggested.

“But invasion will escalate into another proxy war that could very easily spill into a nuclear one given there’s actual nukes in the hypothetical battle zone!” warned Harley.

“No, no, no, we need some leverage against Inauri to get him to abort the invasion. How long until their ships are in Turkey’s waters?”

“Just twelve hours, sir.”

“Make it ten hours – ten hours to find some type of leverage.” As the men and women in the room scurried about, the Colonel began to think aloud. “Now, why would Inauri be so interested in Turkey? It’s a democratic state, sure, an ally of NATO,” he suddenly shouted “hey by the way, will somebody see how our NATO allies British are responding to all of this?!” Causing several men at the phones to swivel around in their chairs and begin calling people. “Maybe they have some idea or something. We’re not the only country fighting communism after all.” He tapped his finger on the edge of his cane, “Something just seems off here.”

“Sir?” The Brooklyn-accented voice came from behind him. The Colonel turned around to see a young man, roughly 24 years young. An intern for Secretary Stahr, by the look of things.

“Yeah?” The President said.

“Sir, this may be nothing, but, um – ”

“Sonny, if you think you can help in any way, then let’s hear it, come on, come on!”

“Well, I play poker quite often and Inauri’s voice – it sounded like he was holding something back, like how when you hope nobody calls your bluff because your hand isn’t as strong as you want the other players to think it is.”

“Are you sure?”

“It could be there’s something more valuable in Turkey than he’s letting on.”

“Hmm… Charlie,” the Colonel called over Secretary Bonesteel, “Get the U2 planes over Turkey. Scour the area for anything suspicious.” As people began moving around once more, the Colonel thanked the young man for the suggestion, and resumed pondering aloud. “If we don’t reply to Inauri, Turkey could fall, and with it, our nuke sites and possibly the rest of the eastern Mediterranean. And if we do reply, to try to get out our nukes before the Turks arrive, we could end up going to war.” He leaned forward into the main table and tightly clasped his hands together. “Lord, please guise us through this challenge.”

Three hours later, Turkey’s military junta leaders responded to the invasion that they correctly deduced would soon be coming to their northern shores with an invasion of their own. In order to boost morale for the junta and to “scare away” the Soviets from invading, the Turkish military flexed its muscles with an invasion of Cyprus.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

Both Greece and Turkey had joined NATO in 1952. In 1953, a signed agreement between Greece and the US provided for the establishment and operation of US military installations in Greece, including Crete Naval Base, a major military facility at the Greek island’s Souda Bay, on the northwestern coast of Crete.


Greece was also an important ally of the US since the Truman administration’s policy of containment, meant to prevent the further spread of Communism in Europe, and American military assistance to the country had continued since 1947, despite Greece’s Civil War ending in 1949. Both Greece and Turkey important to the containment policy, which theorized that keeping Turkey and Greece communist-free would stop the rest of the Mediterranean and middle-eastern areas from falling to it as well. Turkey and Greece received special economic and military assistance in the post-WWII years. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Turkey was the bulwark of NATO’s southeastern flank, and was the host of Incirlik Air Base, a vitally important operations base of the US Air Force located at the bottom-center of the country, fairly close to the Syrian border.


…reports are coming in that the nation of Turkey has sent troops into the island nation of Cyprus

– ABC News bulletin, 4/18/report


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– Iconic photo of the Colonel learning about the Invasion of Cyprus amid the Turkish Missile Crisis, 4/4/1969

Soon the Colonel was back in the situation room.

“Sir, relations between the Greek and Turkish communities on the island were worsening recently, and now they will only worsen. The British, due to their bases there, tried to keep the peace in the past, but their new PM – that Powell guy – he’s actively seeking to hand over the responsibility to NATO or the UN.” Bonesteel was very much in an exposition-saying role on this day.

Curtis continued, “Meanwhile, the President of Cyprus, the "hard-liner" Archbishop Makarios, is worsening the situation even further by being difficult to work with, and there’s the chance that insulting him in any way would lead to him supporting the Russians over us in his attempt to repel the Turks.”

“Like what happened to Fidel Castro in Cuba,” Sanders observed.

“Exactly. Holding the island is strategically vital in the region, as it lies in front of Israel and Egypt,” Bonesteel added.

“So the Archbishop would support the Russians against the Turks if we don’t get into another war,” said the Colonel.

“Right, sir,” both Curtis and Bonesteel this time.

“Alright, get on the phone lines the Inonu fella and the Greek king and P.M.,” referring to Greece’s Prime Minister Grigoris Lambrakis and King Constantine II.

In a four-person telephone conversation, Sanders threatened to cut financial aid to, or even impose an arms embargo on, both Greece and Turkey if either engaged in military activities against the other.

“Even if the other side is the only side to blame?” bellowed the dovish Lambrakis in outrage.

“You’re both looking for a fight, you’ll both get it if either of you starts it,” The Colonel would not tolerate two of their allies started a fight while a more pressuring issue lingered around in the Black Sea.

Before American military support began, Turkey had a large but weak and highly antiquated army that would not at all have been able to repel a Soviet invasion. Amid pressure from the Turkish military, which obviously enjoyed America’s support, Inonu agreed to pull back Turkish troops from Cyprus – but only because he believed he had made his point to the Russians (despite their ships not stopping), and even if he hadn’t, he saw the “military exercise” as “good practice” ahead of the Russian invasion.

Once off the phone, Harley expressed his dislike of Turkish leaders of the past. “I hope the junta leaders man up and confess what their predecessor refused to.”

“What do you mean, son,” asked the Colonel.

“They refuse to recognize the Armenian Genocide, and their prison policies are full of human rights violations. I saw the effects of the Holocaust when I was in Germany. If I was in your shoes, dad, I wouldn’t let them off so easily.”

The Colonel sighed as he nodded and patted his son on the back. “One crisis at a time, son. One crisis at a time.”


The ship would be at the coast of Kastamonu province in just two hours and fourteen minutes when the “dirt on Inauri” the US was looking for finally surfaced.

“A U-2 spy plane has produced clear photographic evidence of Soviet ballistic missile facilities were being installed in Turkey’s Kirsehir Province just before the revolution,” explained Bonesteel as the photos were brought in, “we believe nuclear material is there.”

“Then…their so-called intervention isn’t – or least not entirely – to remove our missiles after all! It’s to protect their own from the new Turkish regime! Turkey is unstable, but it’s still our ally.”

After a moment of contemplation, the Colonel returned to the Soviet hotline, and after several minutes, Inauri finally answered.

“You have sixty second starting now, Colonel”

“Inauri, listen to me! We can settle this without bloodshed.”

“What do you mean?”

“We can both get something out of this, we can reach an agreement of some kind, and I’m good at that sort of thing, you know, and – ”

“If you are trying to stall for time, you have failed. Goodbye, Colonel.”

“We know about the missiles in Kirsehir?”


“Inauri, you don’t have to invade Turkey to get your nukes back. If you invade, you and I both know that it can end with a lot of glow-in-the-dark suffering on both sides. Don’t be the man that dooms your own nation to spite someone else’s. We can stop the warfare now, but I need your help to do that.”



“…What exactly are you asking for, Mr. President?”

The ships came to a stop; the Turks were on the edge of their metaphorical seats. After several hours of tense negotiations, the Colonel and the Premier established an accord. The Soviet vessels would return to Russia, the Russians would remove their Kirsehir silos, and the Turkish conservative regime’s loaned Ilyushin II-28 light bombers would be returned to the USSR. In exchange for this, the US would dismantle their Jupiter MRBMs in Turkey and acknowledge the existence of their US missiles being in Italy.


The crisis averted, the Colonel was sure to commend the young intern whose suggestion had prompted the canvassing of Turkey that had led to Russia’s Turkish Missiles being discovered. The Presidential citation was a boon for the career of the young man, who had already served his country in Cuba from 1963 to 1965, had begun interning for Advisor J. R. Schlesinger in 1966 (after failing to start a career as a baseball player), and had now done his part in another military conflict. That intern was future US Senator Gabriel Kaplan.

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

In subsequent talks with Greek and Turkish leaders, the Colonel agreed to travel to the region on official state visits later in the year. The visit to Greece in February 1970 would mark the first time a US President visited the region since President Eisenhower met with Greek PM Konstantinos Karamanlis at Maximos Mansion in Athens in December 1959. Similarly, no President had visited Turkey since Eisenhower met with Turkish President Celâl Bayar in the latter's capital city of Ankara a few days earlier in December 1959 (although there were talks of LBJ meeting with Turkey’s PM in 1965 if Johnson had on re-election).

The visit to Athens established a trade deal with Greece, allowing for the easing of Greece exporting to the US petroleum products, cement, marble, steel products, pipes and refractory products. A similar deal was signed with Turkey the next month.

– Harland David “Harley” Sanders Jr., In the Thick of It: The Story of The Colonel and His Son, Sunrise Publishing, 1991

Inauri was violent whenever he hit the bottle, and in the aftermath of the Turkish Missile Crisis, Inauri hit his alcohol collection like a speeding train. The military had failed to simply remove the missiles from Turkey before the Americans or their potential new Turkish friends (the junta leaders) could notice. Due to the U2 spy planes, the Americans learned of the ploy. Inauri conceded to repossessing supplies they had already given the junta. While America admitted to having silos of their own in Turkey, too, Inauri had truly wanted to invade Turkey to prove Russia’s military might. But the threat of American intervention in Turkey, and the off-chance of Americans obtaining their weapons, was too great. The risk was too great. The excessive downing of vodka and the works was too great as well, and the leader was clearly despondent over the failure of the confrontation to lead to his preferred outcome. Inauri soon started complaining of severe headaches on the left side of his head, the side that had felt the deep graze of an assassin’s bullet just months before.

In the early hours of April 29, the Premier was found unresponsive on a sofa in his home in Moscow. He was pronounced dead at the hospital. He was 60 years old. The official report reads he suffered from phlebitis, that an unattended blood clot, produced from stress, had burst in his skull while he was resting. Those close to Inauri, however, believed the General had died from a drunken stupor, possibly drowning in his own vomit during the night, or suffering liver failure.

Regardless, KGB leader Yuri Andropov was quick to voice the possibility that Inauri’s death was the work of an assassin, possibly a capitalist from the US. Without any evidence, Andropov tried to eject the US Ambassador from Moscow, but ultimately stood down due to pressures from the Politburo.

Speaking of which, with the Russian ruler gone, the issue of his successor stirred across the Soviet politicians. Inauri had made many enemies during his brief premiership, and it was decided that his remaining allies would not be considered. Ultimately, in light of Inauri’s hawkish conservatism, a dovish moderate establishment politician was chosen. Alex Kosygin promised thee politburo “these past six years of failure were the results of conservative inaction. I promise that the Soviet Union will achieve glory in the ’70s under my supervision!”

– Tom Smith’s Twelve Hours in April: The Turkish Missile Crisis, Simon & Schuster, 1999

…after roughly two years of appeals, disgraced former Teamsters Union President Jimmy Hoffa begins his 12-year prison sentence today. Hoffa was found guilty of bribery, fraud, and jury tampering...

The Overmyer Network, 4/24/1969 broadcast


– The Sacramento Union (Ted Kennedy’s newspaper), 4/25/1969

WHEN CAN CHURCH INFLUENCE STATE?: The Constitution vs. Colonel Sanders And His Budding Friendship with Falwell and Graham

The Atlantic magazine, opinion article, late April issue

“So the Colonel has met with some religious leaders. How is that a big deal exactly, I wonder? He’s praised Jerry Falwell and Billy Graham. So is the President not allowed to praise anyone who’s a religious figure? What else is he not allowed to do – he’s in his fifth Presidential year and I can’t even remember one incident of him even praising his own KFC chicken! Furthermore, I feel like I must point out how congress has an official religious figure – the Chaplain of the US Senate – and yet, none of the these complainers are making any mention of him. Why is this different, I wonder?”

– William F. Buckley Jr. (host), Firing Line, WOR-TV, Saturday 5/3/1969 broadcast

Due to a lack in government oversight at the federal level, California’s shoutniks, progressive politicians, and various environmentalists convinced Governor Pat Brown to impose higher safety regulations in regards to offshore oil drilling in late 1967. On May 8, 1969, the Golden State’s Santa Barbara Channel would experience a disaster that tested the strength of these regulations and the resolve of the people of California. Furthermore, it brought the dark side of industry to the sunny beaches of America.

– Robert Easton’s Black Tide: The Santa Barbara Oil Spill and Its Consequences, Delacorte Press, 1972

A blow-out off the California coastline, during drilling on Union Oil’s Platform A in the Dos Cuadras Offshore Oil Field propelled oil into the water. Over the course of the next five days, between 40,000 to 60,000 barrels of crude oil spilled into the channel and onto numerous beaches in Southern California, tarnishing the coastline from Goleta to Ventura as well as the shores of some of the Channel Islands. Drilling had been occurring in the area since 1896, but no spillage incidents had ever come even close to this extent. The well was immediately plugged, but oil and gas continued to emerge through additional rips on the ocean floor. Upon Union Oil’s contact with the US Coast Guard, Governor Brown was contacted and he immediately sent in local assistance despite Union Oil claiming “no significant level of oil is leaking” and that the situation was under control. This immediate action taken by Governor Brown is considered a pivotal moment in containing the amount of oil spilled.

However, state officials falsely believed the oil would be swept away from the coast, not towards it. On the second and third day, heavy winds pushed heavy amounts of oil onto shorelines, blackening hundreds of boats and beaches. Residents were even evacuated in some areas due to the risk of explosions from the sudden abundancy of hydrocarbon vapors.

On the third day of the disaster, President Sanders flew to Santa Barbara to personally survey the spill and cleanup efforts. The President spoke with horrified residents and visited a beach littered with sick and dying oil-covered seagulls, lamenting “no birds should get that oily.” After talks with Governor Brown, the Colonel “decided to not oppose” the governor’s decision to impose a halt on all offshore drilling in his state “until a greater understanding of what went wrong and how it can be prevented in the future has been obtained.”

This moratorium was amended to six months due to economic concerns. However, Brown also doubled the size of the channel’s ecological preserves and other environmental “buffer zones”. Stricter oversights were imposed, commercial fishing was suspended, and tourism took a heavy toll. Governor Brown blamed the incident on companies, saying “they need to be forced to care about things other than maximizing profits,” but he still received criticism for the catastrophe occurring under his care to begin with. Brown had been in office for over ten years, and so many political opponents blamed him for “not doing enough when he clearly could have.”

The main spill continued for days until finally tapering off on or around May 15, but the effects were felt for much longer. The spill left a significant impact on the area’s marine life, killing sea birds, dolphins, seals and sea lions. The incident was the worst oil spill in American history at the time, and its affects remained in the consciousness of Americans – especially California – for years afterwards. The public outrage to the disaster was so strong that it catapulted further environmental legislation at the California state and the US federal levels, most of which remain in effect today.

– K. C. Clarke and Jeffrey Hemphill’s The Santa Barbara Oil Spill: A Retrospective, University of Hawaii Press, 2002

The Santa Barbara spill made the pro-environment activism of the 1960s more accepted and valid to a much larger segment of the US population. The spill fueled interest in the Natural Mind party, which had opposed drilling in the 1966 gubernatorial election. Subsequently, the party received a stronger amount of support as the months continued on, and this support matched a rise in registered N.M. members as its co-founder Tim Leary began an early campaign for the 1970 gubernatorial election.

– Robert Wilder’s Listening to the Land and Sea: The Politics of Environmental Protection in California, University of Sacramento Press, 1999

…The President still has much to smile about: unemployment is down to its lowest point in eight years. …Soldiers returning from Vietnam and Laos are filling low-pay jobs created by the Sanders administration’s federally-funded/state-regulated urban renewal projects…

– The Wall Street Journal, 5/11/1969


…the 42-year-old starlet’s third husband (and fourth marriage overall) is Roy Hamilton, a 40-year-old African-American singer best known for soul singles such as 1954’s “You’ll Never Walk Alone” and 1955’s “Unchained Melody.” The surprise announcement of their marriage, in a private ceremony over the weekend, comes just months after Monroe’s divorce from Joe DiMaggio. The interracial union may cause an uproar among Americans opposed to mixed-race couples, despite them being legal in all 50 states since the Loving v. Virginia Supreme Court Case of 1967…

– The Hollywood Reporter, 5/12/1969

MARCH TO MEXICO BUILDS: 100-Mile March In 110-Degree Heat

CALEXICO – Over 4,000 farm workers and their allies came together in this border town tonight in a showing of international solidarity and unity forged between farm workers of the United States and Mexico. The rally, attended by three US Congressmen, US Senators Walter Mondale (D-MN) and Ralph Yarborough (D-TX), a collection of movie and television stars from Hollywood, labor leaders from both nations, and thousands of farm workers from the Coachella and Imperial Valleys and Mexicali, was held at the conclusion of a 100-mile march from Indio to the Mexican border. The march was organized by the United Farm Workers Organization Committee, AFL-CIO, with the intention of demonstrating its commitment to improving wages and working conditions for all farm workers, regardless of race or nationality. UFWOC Director Cesar Chavez celebrated the marchers’ “boycott spirit” in the face of opposition… [12]


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...Senator Mondale, who is also working with Civil Rights Activists Martin Luther King and Ralph Abernathy on anti-poverty legislation, has praised that anti-illegal immigration worker rights champion Cesar Chavez for bringing the plight of “the men and women who toil to provide the most basic of human necessities – food, pure and simple food.” Mondale and Yarborough are also calling for better workplace treatment policies, and an increase in the influence of state unions. As Senator, Mondale has secured finances for his home state to build new roads, hospitals, and colleges, and for it, he obtained the endorsements and campaign contributions of many building and road contractors for his 1966 re-election bid, and is becoming a most popular politician among US labor unions.

El Malcriado, 5/18/1969

– video clip on the earlier works of Cesar Chavez (former Assistant Secretary of State Robert F. Kennedy can be seen at the start), 1966

Apollo 11
was the second manned Apollo mission to land on the moon. It began with a launch from Cape Canaveral on May 18, 1969 and concluded with an Atlantic splashdown on May 26, 1969. The mission consisted of three crew members: Commander Jim Irwin (1930-91), Command Module Pilot Ed White (b. 1930), and Lunar Module Pilot Gordo Cooper (1927-2004)… Cooper would retire from NASA in 1970, shortly after a second trip to the moon…

–, c. 2019

The 30th Annual Horatio Alger Awards Induction Ceremony in Washington, D.C. is pleased to announce the selection of President Harland Sanders for the nomination of this year’s Horatio Alger Award. Sanders has been selected for starting out as a humble farmhand and ending up as President of the United States. The selection is also in light of the Colonel’s hand in ending warfare overseas through military intervention in Vietnam and Laos, preventing further warfare from unfolding in Turkey, in Vietnam, signing major legislation early this year, and his landmark discussions with the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China. The award ceremony will be held in one week, on the 25th [13].

– Horatio Alger Society, official statement, released 5/18/1969

BRADLEY BESTS YORTY!: Former Cop Will Become L.A.’s First Black Mayor!

…The April 1, 1969 primary saw Democratic city councilman Tom Bradley come in first place with 42% of the vote, followed by conservative Democratic incumbent Mayor Sam Yorty at 26%, Democratic KABC-Channel 7 TV news anchor Baxter Ward Baxter Ward at 17%, and Republican U.S. Congressman since 1961 Alphonzo E. Bell Jr. at 14%...

…In tonight’s May 27, 1969 runoff, Bradley won roughly 51.3% of the vote, while Yorty won roughly 48.7% of the vote...

…After 23 years of serving as a city police officer, culminating in a promotion to lieutenant, Bradley was elected to City Council’s 10th district seat in 1963. Since then, he has worked to “bring groups together” and improve the quality of life in the city. …Bradley successfully formed a coalition with former Ward voters, campaigned on the topic of improving the city’s low-income residential areas, and criticized incumbent Mayor Sam Yorty’s 1968 Presidential run: “It’s clear his focus is on a seat of power higher than the one he was elected to.” Touting his “prior life” in law enforcement, Bradley at times compared himself to the comparatively more conservative Mario Biaggi, the cop-turned-politician Governor of New York in order to reach out to conservative voters.

– The Los Angeles Times, 5/27/1969

Sanders had had enough of Khanh’s stubbornness.

On May 30, the CIA launched a bloodless coup in Saigon aiming at replacing Khanh with a more moderate leader who could earn the respect of the people while still maintaining loyalty to the United States.

In a phone call, Khanh demanded to know the meaning of the troops storming his home at 2:30 in the morning.

The Colonel explained, “Khanh, you stabilized your country very admirably. You reigned in the post-war confusion and chaos. But now you’ve taken things too far. By chasing away your fellow Vietnamese brethren, you are throwing salt and lemon on a wound. You are unravelling everything you worked to preserve.”

Khanh was curious as to whom his replacement would be.

“Nguyen Xuan Oanh,” Sanders pronounced the name as best he could. A banker trained at Harvard by trade, Oanh was the economist charged with managing country’s economy and finances. His military experience was minimal, but that matched the Colonel’s goal – he figured appointing one of the rare anti-Khanh generals to the Presidency would promote the continuation of hostilities. The Colonel believed the people of Vietnam had to move on from the fighting toward a brighter, more peaceful future.

“The people will never stand for this,” Khanh angrily warned over the phone.

“That’ll be for the people to decide – unlike you, Oanh actually intends on holding elections. The Presidential one will be next year. If you want, you can run in it. Convince the people to give you another shot. But that’ll be then, not now. Right now, you’re going to wallow in luxury while under house arrest. In many ways, you are a good man. But the ways in which you are a bad man can’t be ignored any more. Your reign of terror is over. Now, if you’ll excuse me, I have to accept a rags-to-riches award.”

– Rick Perlstein’s Colonel’s Country: The Trials and Crises of the Chicken King Presidency, Simon & Schuster, 2014

“I was surprised and honored…when I was given the Horatio Alger Award. I didn’t even know who Horatio Alger was. Having to quit school in the seventh grade, I wasn’t familiar with Alger’s books. …When somebody hit it lucky, I’d hear someone say, ‘He’s a regular Horatio Alger,’ but it didn’t mean a thing to me. I figured someday I’d find out what it meant. All I knew was that it meant ‘from rags to riches.’ So when I got the nomination, I was surprised. I received a letter telling me I’d be nominated and asking if I could come to New York to the Waldorf-Astoria on a particular day in May… I told them I could. I looked into it and I found the association fosters the American way of life. It tries to convince young people that there are still opportunities for everybody who really looks for them. Those opportunities aren’t all gone yet. You don’t have to belong to a big corporation to make it. Take me. I came from nothing. The nominations committee picked 15 or 20 people they thought should receive the award. Then they sent those nominations to 500 colleges and they were distributed to 3,000 campus workers who read the stories and biographies. They were the ones who determined which 10 people were to receive the awards each year. President Eisenhower, President Hoover, Conrad Hilton and J. C. Penney have been among the winners. Some mighty fine folks have gotten it. Some of the smartest men I’ve ever known never finished high school or college but they have a native intelligence. There’s a lot of difference between a little book learning and being educated. It all depends on how you define education. The world seems to feel that they only educated men are those who’ve enjoyed a formal education. I know many successful men who never even got out of grammar school.” [14]

Pictured: Me receiving the Horatio Alger Award from Dr. Norman Vincent Peale


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– Colonel Sanders’ Life As I Have Known It Has Been Finger-Lickin’ Good, Creation House publishing, 1974


Dickey’s is a family-owned casual restaurant chain first established by Travis Dickey in Dallas, Texas in 1941. Inspired by the success of other fast-food restaurants franchising during the 1950s and 1960s, Dickey’s began franchising in June 1969. Dickey’s serving of a delicious plethora of meats and side dishes, using the same recipes first used in 1941, has made it the largest barbecue franchise in the United States.

Dickey’s: We Speak Barbecue!



Variety, June 1969 issue

Walter Jenkins had lived a good life. At age 51 in 1969, he was a top aide to Senator and former President Johnson. He had a wife of 24 years, Helen, and six kids at home, four boys and two girls. Yes, he and Helen had separated in 1965, they but never divorced and remained close. Jenkins had worked for Johnson since 1939, and had become an understanding and temperamental navigator of “the shark-infested waters of the Potomac,” as journalist Bill Moyers put it in 1975. He was a pivotal member of Johnson’s staff, and kept himself away from public eye, working behind-the-scenes to help his boss. It was never his intention to attract media attention, and inadvertently start a national movement, when he entered that YMCA.

On June 9, 1969, Jenkins was arrested in a Washington, D.C. YMCA restroom, was booked with another man on a charge of disorderly conduct, and fined. While some newspapers such as the Chicago Tribune and the Cincinnati Enquirer refused to run the story of a former President’s aide being arrested, most went ahead and did. On June 11, similar charges stemming from incidents at the in same restroom, having occurred on January 1959 and February 1965 [15], were uncovered, ruining Jenkins’ initial “fatigue” excuse.

It must be understood that homosexual behavior was widely condemned in the United States at this time…

– Brandon Teena’s The Rise of BLUTAG Rights: The Story of the Bi-Lesbian-Undefined-Trans-Asexual-Gay Movement, Scholastic, 2019

Lyndon is disappointed. His earlier suspicion that Walter was framed seems to have dissipated in light of the prior incidents coming to light. So many are telling Lyndon to fire Water to save face, but I disagree. I think Walter can whether the storm. …Earlier today, Lyndon told some reporters, and I quote, “I couldn’t have been more shocked if Lady Bird had tried to kill the Pope.” [16] …Lyndon is still thinking of his Presidential aspirations. The urge to return to the White House is still burning within him; the thought of 1972 is clearly on his mind. …Understanding Walter’s importance to Lyndon’s Senate staff, Rev. Billy Graham has suggested that Lyndon “forgive the sinner, but not the sin.”

– Ladybird Johnson’s private diary, 6/12/1969 entry

“I knew Jenkins from serving as commanding officer of his Air Force Reserve unit roughly 20 years ago, so I know what kind of character he has. So, you know what? So what if he’s what you could call a curious fellow? It’s not like he’s been replaced by a body snatcher – it’s the same good and hardworking Christian man that I’ve known for years, and the same hardworking Christian man that D.C.’s known for years.”

– Senator Barry Goldwater (guest), Firing Line, WOR-TV, Saturday 6/14/1969 broadcast

It was a sad time for Jenkins’ wife and children, and I was not about to add to their private sorrow. There are some things, like loyalty to friends or lasting principle, that take priority over the game of politics.” [17]

– Barry Goldwater, Meet the Press Interview, 6/15/1969

Lyndon is surprised by how much mail isn’t hate mail. Some of the letters could even be described as ‘understanding,’ I want to say. …I visited Marjorie the other day. She’s moving back to Texas. She’s taking the kids with her…

– Ladybird Johnson’s private diary, 6/16/1969 entry

In support for his friend, Johnson encouraged the Dean of Washington National Cathedral Francis B. Sayre Jr. to defend Jenkins as “a good, religious man” who upheld the values of the church. With the former President’s encouragement, The American Mental Health Foundation published a letter on June 17, which read “The private life and inclinations of a citizen, Government employee or not, does not necessarily have any bearing on his capabilities, usefulness, and sense of responsibility in his occupation. The fact that an individual is homosexual, as has been strongly implied in the case of Mr. Jenkins, does not per se make him more unstable and more a security risk than any heterosexual person.” [18]

– Brandon Teena’s The Rise of BLUTAG Rights: The Story of the Bi-Lesbian-Undefined-Trans-Asexual-Gay Movement, Scholastic, 2019

The bipartisan problem of homosexuality is nothing new to Washington D.C. President Eisenhower faced the issue with would-be appointee Arthur H. Vandenberg Jr., the son of a US Senator. Vandenberg Jr. had homosexuality problems and could not pass a security test to join that administration as the President’s appointments secretary. This was all the way back in 1953. [19]

– journalist Drew Pearson, Washington Merry-go-round column, 6/18/1969

…The Democratic Party has been the host of homosexuality for decades...

…In 1919, when he was Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Franklin D. Roosevelt himself investigated “conditions of vice and depravity” occurring within the US Navy Training Station in Newport, Rhode Island, after the Democrat Woodrow Wilson’s Justice Department declined to investigate [20].

…In 1942, Democrat David I. Walsh found himself caught up in a complex scandal involving Nazi spies and Walsh being a patron of a Brooklyn brothel for homosexuals. Walsh had been a Senator from 1919 to 1925 and again from 1926 to 1947, and Governor of Massachusetts from 1914 to 1916, yet his private activities went undiscovered until after decades of public service…

– The Arizona Republic, 6/20/1969


– The New York Post, 6/21/1969

“I’m surprised Joe just sold out his own kind. But then again, the man is a scrupulously closeted homosexual.” [21]

– Deputy CIA Director Richard Helms, Meet the Press interview, 6/22/1969

The truth was coming out, like a beautiful butterfly leaving its cocoon (though the phrase “coming out of the cocoon” would not catch on until much later). After Johnson tried to minimize the scandal by coming to his vital aide’s defense, Republicans tried to inflate the scandal by accusing the Democratic party of having harbored Blutags for decades. These accusations were countered by Democrats making accusations of their own. These exchanges came at the expense of the people they were outing, but the very fact that so many people were being outed brought to light a hidden truth – that Blutags had always existed. The political fighting led to non-straight people realizing that there were more people like themselves out there than they had thought, and led to straight people realizing that Blutags existed, period (though the term Blutag would not be coined until many years later as well). Same-gender Attraction was entering the sphere of public awareness, and soon enough, the bravest of the BLUTAG community were deciding to follow the advice of the ancient Romans: carpe diem...

– Brandon Teena’s The Rise of BLUTAG Rights: The Story of the Bi-Lesbian-Undefined-Trans-Asexual-Gay Movement, Scholastic, 2019


– The Washington Post, 6/24/1969

…This year’s robust economic growth is believed to be the result of closing budget deficits in 1967 and 1968 after the end of the Vietnam Conflict…

– The Financial Times, 6/29/1969

…In recognition of the President’s support for higher education, including donating his salary of the last financial quarter to school fitness programs, a new major league baseball team has officially been founded – the Louisville Colonels. The public unveiling comes after licensing and advertising specifics were agreed to between MLB and KFC officials, after weeks of negotiations and legal research… There was a short-lived Louisville Colonels team in the 1880s; this new team is unrelated to that one... …This new baseball team should not be confused with the basketball team formed in 1967 called the Kentucky Colonels and named after Kentucky’s historically famous colonels, not after President Harland “The Colonel” Sanders…

Sports Illustrated, 7/2/1969


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– The Colonel on Independence Day, 7/4/1969

[1] Based on this:
[2] Info from here:
[3] Mondale summary in italics taken from his Wikipedia article.
[4] 13 months later than a similar incident that happened in Greenland IOTL:
[5] According to this:, Sanders “‘made a lifelong habit of swearing at employees, his own and those of lucky restaurant owners, and knocking any surface with the end of his cane to indicate his displeasure at imperfectly cooked scrambled eggs.’ But for the most part, he was as well-behaved a corporate icon as the Jolly Green Giant.”
[6] 3:30 mark in this Jimmy Kimmel interview from 2017 youtube: /watch?v=5ir1hhpkwbo
[7] Based on this vintage KFC menu!:
[8] All quotes (italicized parts) pulled from here:
[9] Exchange between Ilyin and Andropov is verbatim OTL: youtube, starting at the 2:50 mark: /watch?v=3jeHGVt8ucw
[10] OTL!:
[11] IOTL, the US had nukes in Greece from 1963 to 1984, but not here due to the lack of a certain missile crisis occurring in 1962; this also means that the US never had to remove their missiles from Italy or Turkey like how they agreed to in OTL.
[12] Paraphrase of first article found in the PDF of El Malcriado, Volume III, Number 5, found online via googling “Cesar Chavez 1969 march” (I still can’t figure out how to insert a link to a PDF, sorry, but hey, at least I’m citing my work! :))
[13] The date of the ceremony is based on OTL’s 2019 ceremony date (April 4-6) (found via ) and from the first page of Chapter 16 of the Colonel’s OTL 1966 autobiography, which describes his OTL award being giving during a ceremony that was held “on a particular day in May”
[14] OTL quote, found on Chapter 16 of his OTL 1966 autobiography
[15] The 1959 date is OTL, the 1965 date is ATL
[16] OTL quote, found via Source 18 on Walter Jenkin’s wiki article
[17] Italicized portions are OTL and found somewhere in his autobiography, according to Walter Jenkins’s wiki article. However, no link is given and I couldn’t find Goldwater’s autobio online (though I may have not looked hard enough or even overlooked it), so take the quote with a large grain of salt just in case.
[18] OTL quote according to Source 35 on Walter Jenkin’s wiki article
[19] OTL Drew Pearson quote.
[20] FDR quote and other info found here:
[21] OTL Richard Helms quote.

E.T.A. for next Chapter: July 18

Happy Independence Day, everyone!​
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