Jefferson's Anti-Slavery Crisis: Alternate History of the U.S.

Canada Part 1 New
Canada: Part 1 (1783-1836)

In 1784, the British created a new colony called New Brunswick n Canada primarily due to the influx of Loyalists (fleeing the American Revolution). They settled along the shores of the St. John River. In 1791, the Constitutional Act replaced the Quebec Act and divided Quebec into two pieces, forming Upper and Lower Canada. Why did Britain do this? One reason was establishing consistent administrative structure in all the “Canadian” colonies of British North America; the construction of colonies of New Brunswick and Cape Breton in 1784 helped provide a model for this purpose. Consistency in the British Parliamentary system as a further model for colonialism and imperialism to spread to other areas of the globe was also an important goal.

Cutting costs by letting the local governments raise funds for local projects was also critical for the Constitutional Act. The British now wanted colonies that were relatively self-sustaining but still beholden to the mother country. The British also wanted to make sure the executive (governor) had more power than the elected representatives. The governor’s powers actually increased at the head of an appointed executive council. The elected legislative council of a colony was allowed to draft legislation and recommend action, but the executive made key decisions. This Constitutional Act was perhaps a response to the American Revolution, but it had its own problems, and was criticized as soon as a decade after its completion. Perhaps most tellingly, there would be less autonomy to colonial governments in Canada, not more. In addition, the Constitutional Act would be criticized for favoring the Anglican elite in both colonies. These complaints would boil over until the 1830s, where they would explode in dramatic fashion.

Lower Canada and Upper Canada actually had different cultures. Upper Canada was influenced strongly by the Church of England, and it was more similar to the other colonies in Canada than Lower Canada was. Lower Canada was the heartland of the old Quebec and was predominantly Catholic and francophone.

However, both groups had a similar problem. They were run by tight small groups referred to disparagingly as the Chateau Clique for the former (named because it ran the colony from the governor’s residence) and the Family Compact for the latter. In the case of Lower Canada, several attempts existed to expand the influence of its assembly. Many of the assemblymen wanted trade-offs that would limit the executive authority. Some reforms did happen by 1830, but for many reformers, it was too little, too late. There was also a great suspicion that the southern colonies in “British Columbia” and the Caribbean were given preferential treatment, and this rankled in the brains of many Canadians.

Economic development of Canada was going apace, but many in Britain saw Canada primarily as a source of raw materials to be brought for refinement back in the mother country. A canal-building project similar to the ones in the United States of America, along with railway projects, were successful

By the 1830s, several reformers were speaking actively against the tight small groups called the Chateau Clique and Family Compact. The other Canadian colonies were also facing mismanagement issues similar to those of Upper and Lower Canada, but slightly less severe. As such, a Canada-wide movement started to form…
 
Know-Nothing Idiots Part 1 New
The journey to civil rights isn't always quick, nor easy, even in a timeline where it's faster and more successful than OTL.

The Know-Nothing movement reached a height in 1832 due to the influx of migrations in the 1820s. Many Americans feared the mass migration due to concerns of replacement. Factory workers were often paid very little, and many companies would prefer picking immigrants due to their supposed superior work ethic. In fact, many immigrants would work hard to achieve their “American Dream”, where they wanted to make their life in the “Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave” more successful. America was a land of opportunity, but many people were thinking that the opportunity was not unlimited in their communities. Deluges of immigration settled the west and led to the formation of new states. For instance, Missouri became a state in 1820 in the Missouri Compromise; this was highly contentious. In exchange for Missouri’s statehood, slavery would no longer expand (expansion of slavery would be banned by 1830 according to the U.S. Constitution, but many lawmakers wanted it banned earlier) and Maine would form out of Massachusetts in short order (by 1824)—something that many lawmakers also wanted. The largely agricultural west had soaked up much of the immigration, but many other immigrants arrived in the cities due to the promise of a better life.

The Know-Nothing movement, called because its supporters typically stated “I know nothing” when questioned about the movement, was a nativist reaction to the supposed tide of huddled masses. It was also anti-Catholic, a fear that the Papacy could subvert America. Due to religious differences between Protestants and Catholics becoming a political issue, the large arrival of German and Irish Catholics further inflamed the movement; splinter groups such as the Order of the Golden Circle and Native Sons started to appear as well. Irish and German workers, unsurprisingly, were the worst targeted. Besides direct attacks and violence flare-ups at some polling places, signs started to appear which stated, “No Irish need apply”, and the spread of varying conspiracy theories. The spread of conspiracy theories linking the Roman Catholic Church to the ills of society became more common and frightening by the day. In response, various groups and people, such as William Lloyd Garrison, attempted to slow down the Know-Nothings by counterattacking in the media.

This flagrant racism was largely not solved until late 1836 when bills about equal protection received serious consideration, and the abuses of the Know-Nothings were brought to the forefront of public attention. The movement was very mysterious—probably due to the lack of response given by its supporters. As such, very little was known about its leaders at this time, especially after the movement went underground due to the federal government wanting to reduce the anti-immigrant racism, calling it a blight on the “All men are created equal” sections of the US Constitution and Declaration of Independence. The Know-Nothings would resurface later, but for now they burrowed underground like prairie dogs. Perhaps the big deciding factor for the defeat of the initial Know-Nothings was the alliance of corporate interests (who wanted more immigration for labor purposes) and civil rights groups who wanted to protect immigrants and their rights. The corporate interests had enough money and influence to counteract the Know-Nothings and affect the way Americans thought about the new immigrants. Fervor for the founding fathers could have also contributed to the failure of the Know-Nothing movement in several areas due to their racism
 
Know-Nothing Idiots Part 2 New
Updates arrived. What do you think?
Here's another one.

The corporate interests and companies which wanted more immigration didn’t do this due to an interest in immigrant welfare. They opposed the Know-Nothings, but they supported the influx of immigration for more labor. The most infamous of these was Charles Goodyear, notorious for using company mercenaries to “beat the devil” out of his mostly immigrant workforce. Too many times, corporate mercenaries slugged workers with batons and bludgeons; more than once a small private army of thugs had fired upon striking workers using new rifled muskets. Goodyear had several enterprises, one of which was in rubber, but other Goodyear factories produced various components for railways. He attempted to perform vertical integration, or controlling various parts of the same industry. This way, he could have a greater control over the rail industry than any of his rivals, who typically had influence in only one or two sections of the industry. He was on his way on becoming one of the earliest and most infamous “Titans of Industry”.

The word got out on just how bad Goodyear was. Many Americans didn’t buy the “Industrial Propaganda” coming out of newspapers owned by him. They were furious. Various Senators and Representatives exploited this, running for office on such campaign promises. Goodyear fought tooth and nail with lobbying and often outright corruption to get his way. But that thankfully didn’t happen. Even some of the other industrialists thought Goodyear went too far on mistreatment of his workforce. It was looking awful, a disgrace to supposed “equal treatment” that the nation so cherished. Other historians, though, found a less noble motive—the fall of the Goodyear corporate empire could allow other companies to pick up the pieces. This came to a head in 1840, a “Workplace Safety Act”, which prohibited the use of mercenaries, private armies, etc. in cities and started the development of a “Federal Workplace Safety Guidelines” and an inspector force to ensure compliance(note the important exception on the frontier). This Act passed despite the efforts of Goodyear to lobby Senators and Representatives to stop it. This, combined with a law on monopolies in 1841 (although it was heavily criticized for an “I know it when I see it” definition of monopolies), mauled Goodyear’s various industries.

Know-Nothings resurfaced in the late 1840s and early 1850s along with the next wave of immigration. The collapse of Goodyear and the realization that the American Dream wasn’t only a dream drove even more immigrants towards the United States of America. Backlash ensued due to fears of overcrowding in some places, though. The Know-Nothings returned, with them even gaining some state legislature seats, and a Senate Candidate in New York by the name of Fillmore. They seemed to be more successful this time due to the wave of immigration being even larger than the previous one, though once again, their presence was thankfully limited by the importance of equal rights to most Americans. The Know-Nothings attempted a rebrand, calling themselves, the “American Party”, but this fooled hardly anyone. Many people just saw them as a tired, old retread of nativism. As a result, the organization died as it lived, reviled by most Americans.

Nevertheless, the Know-Nothings did bring up a valid point. Overcrowding was a problem in various cities in the United States of America, and it was becoming detrimental for the immigrants themselves. As a result, city planners attempted to make housing more affordable, and to avoid the worst excesses that were documented by various social groups. Horror stories of sordid living conditions that fueled the paranoia about diseases and immigrants started to emerge, and many local and state initiatives arose to save them. By 1858, the Federal Government attempted to pass a law about housing standards… while this attempt failed, it would inspire several other housing law proposals. Several best-selling books about the plight of the worker, such as "The New Slavery" by Sojourner Truth in 1854, had galvanized Americans. They would not stand for the horrid injustices in their country. The push for equal rights after the end of slavery in 1836 would be the beginning of a new era in America.
 
Goodyear got mauled though. Next issue after the Canada one that's the end of him. A dark guy like him or WMIT Goodyear doesn't do well in a nobler and brighter setting. Without AFC he's not nearly as formidable as say in "What Madness Is This".
Yeah, but WMIT is the first thing that comes to mind whenever I hear his name.
 
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