Souds promising idea.
In 1900, the Guangxu Emperor used Empress Dowager Cixi's support of the Boxer Rebellion as an opportunity to restore his own power. His approach to limiting foreign influence in China was to exploit the increasing tensions in Europe by playing foreign powers against one another, offering additional privileges to Britain, America, and Germany in return for them opposing Russian, Japanese, and French influence in China. After the American Revolution, he enlisted the support of several American businessmen now essentially stranded in China to introduce more Western practices without bringing in more outside influence.So what's China like?
He is. At the start of the game, the American Revolutionary Front is a minor party, most noted for its support from within the military.Would Earl Browder be the DUA’s vanguardist leader?
Why is Emma Goldman the Vitalist leader?-He is. At the start of the game, the American Revolutionary Front is a minor party, most noted for its support from within the military.
Other major American political parties:
Socialist Labor Party (Syndicalist): The SLP led the American Revolution, and has consistently led the DUA since its inception. The party has maintained control of the Chamber of Labor Delegates (the legislative house representing America's labor unions), but its fortunes have declined in recent years, and it has lost control of the House of People's Representatives (although it is still the largest party there). Since the death of Premier William "Big Bill" Haywood in 1934, the party - and the nation - have been led by Joe Hill, a veteran organizer and author of many American socialist songs. However, while generally liked, Premier Hill is not a particularly skilled politician. A leadership conference is coming up in May, and most expect that Hill will cede leadership to either William Z. Foster, Party Secretary, or Huey Long, senior Delegate for the Longshoremen's Union.
Human Liberation Movement (Vitalist): The HLM is one of the two major opposition parties. While their leadership is largely composed of old-school anarchists, their base is primarily rural. Their greatest strength is the largely black communes of the South, who resent the SLP's emphasis on industry and urban areas. They advocate not only anti-urbanization, but a reconstructing of American society to focus on health and vitality rather than production. Emma Goldman and Oscar Ameringer are the party leaders.
United Farm-Labor Party (Cooperativist): The UFLP is the ITL counterpart of the Democratic Farm-Labor Party. Based primarily in the Midwest, the UFLP is most noted for its opposition to the big unions that not only make up the Chamber of Labor Delegates, but also control most of the American economy. The UFLP wants to see the unions decentralized, and more power given to individual cooperatives. Essentially, they want to transition to more of a market socialist economy instead of the semi-planned one currently in use. The UFLP leadership includes Norman Thomas and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Democratic Republican Party (Progressive): The D-Rs descend primarily from the old Democratic Party, which (somewhat reluctantly) backed the Reds during the Revolution. After the SLP pushed through a complete revision of the Constitution, the Democrats joined with a handful of Republicans who had also opposed McKinley, most notably Theodore Roosevelt (who did serve as Director of the National Park Service under Premier Debs), to form the Democratic Republican Party. The D-Rs don't officially condemn the Revolution, but they do want to see some elements of capitalism brought back (mostly entrepeneurship), and spend a lot of their time condemning the "excesses of socialism". Cordell Hull is the current leader of the D-Rs.
Constitutional Restoration Party (Liberal): The renmant of the old Republican Party, the CRP advocates the restoration of the pre-1906 Constitution. They are mostly irrelevant, having failed to win even a single seat in Congress for years, partly due to constant infighting quietly encouraged by the Union Investigation Service (the internal security branch). Officially they are committed to a peaceful restoration, but are dogged by reports that they are connected to militant groups and foreign enemies.
Prohibition Party (Conservative): The Prohibition Party survived the Revolution mostly by standing very still while there was any fighting. Its leaders were smart enough to not condemn the Revolution, but after Prohibition failed in the Chamber in 1919 (popularly attributed to the postwar flood of German socialist immigrants), they kept advocating not only for the prohibition of alcohol, but for restrictions on various other social excesses. The Prohibition Party regularly condemns jazz music, public dance halls, about 90% of the American film industry's annual output, and the increasingly libertine American sexual mores. Most Americans regard them as a joke, and they are probably the least likely party to come to power.
The remaining parties are actually underground militant groups, and are mostly there to be put into power should the DUA be conquered and puppeted.
Then again, paganism is rather different from organised religion.Emma Goldman said:
Anarchism has declared war on the pernicious influences which have so far prevented the harmonious blending of individual and social instincts, the individual and society. Religion, the dominion of the human mind; Property, the dominion of human needs; and Government, the dominion of human conduct, represent the stronghold of man's enslavement and all the horrors it entails.
Vitalism is a lot more than paganism. In fact, paganism isn't even a core tenet.Why is Emma Goldman the Vitalist leader?-
Then again, paganism is rather different from organised religion.
So like a less violent version of the Unabomber?Vitalism is a lot more than paganism. In fact, paganism isn't even a core tenet.
Vitalism is primarily an anti-industrial and anti-hierarchical ideology. Vitalists believe that the modern world has become focused on wealth at the expense of human well-being, both physical, mental, and spiritual. Extreme vitalists (who aren't really represented for game reasons) resemble a much less murderous Pol Pot - get people out of the cities, shut down the big factories, return to an agrarian society. Moderate vitalists view this as the ideal, but far in the future.
The reason vitalism has absorbed much of the anarchist movement is that since the American Revolution, American syndicalists have mostly given up on abolishing the state (although the more doctrinaire types, like Foster, are demanding that everything be run through the unions). For obvious reasons, socialists around the world frequently take their cues from America, so this split is increasingly widespread. Vitalism applies anarchism not only to government, but all societal institutions, including organized religion. Some vitalists, such as Goldman, are simply atheists. But vitalism itself originated in India (I think I forgot to mention that earlier) and generally avoided attacking religion directly in favor of attacking its abuses. A common idea among Hindu vitalists is redefining the caste system from something you are born into to something you choose (sidenote: perhaps a vitalist Indian state could have symbols representing the four castes on its flag). These vitalists explicitly rejected the notion of atheism, arguing that spiritual well-being was just as important to their program as physical and mental well-being.
In Britain and Ireland, that has taken on the form of a rejection of Christianity itself in favor of a return to paganism (given the cultural dominance of the Anglican and Catholic churches). Scandinavian vitalists are similar, although they lean less on theology and more on playing up the egalitarian nature of pre-Christian Norse society. Haiti has essentially made voodoo a state religion, with a predictable reaction in the former Dominican Republic (which if you look closely at the map, is now under Haitian control). Japan has basically dropped the imperial cult aspect of Shintoism (and many Japanese leaders are making noises about favoring Buddhism instead). Bolivia and Guatemala (the other two vitalist states in the Americas) are more pluralistic and syncretic. Mao's Chinese vitalists favor Taoism over Confucianism or Christianity. And in the DUA, the HLM's membership variously endorses unorganized Christianity, outright atheism, and even various forms of Native American beliefs.
Something like that. Mind you, most vitalists don't want to actually abandon all modern technology, they just want to move manufacturing to small town machine shops and the like. And like the syndicalists, they generally accept that their ideal state is years or decades off.So like a less violent version of the Unabomber?
They'd probably join the radical wing of the syndicalists. Foster is hellbent on abolishing the House, and some socialist nations (such as the Commune of Hawaii) are run entirely by unions (the current system was a concession to the Democrats), which more closely resembles the anarcho-syndicalist ideal envisioned by Daniel DeLeon. Whether this truly qualifies as abolishing the state is of course a subject of fierce debate. The more doctrinaire syndicalists are generally in Foster's camp, still embracing the anarchist label, while Long represents a more moderate and statist wing. Generally speaking, people who were actual socialists IOTL will be more in Foster's camp, and those who weren't will be aligned with Long.Where would a pro-urbanisation, pro-industrialisation anarchist go?
The name is a bit vagueIt is. What should we change about Vanguardism?
Lenin isn't completely forgotten ITTL. He's known almost exclusively as a theorist who died in Switzerland.The name is a bit vague
The 'vanguard party' is a concept not only non-unique to leftism but one that excludes Strasserist and National Syndicalist types (Social Nationalists).
Plus the idea of the Vanguard Party itself was created by Lenin who I assume is largely forgotten ITTL.
Thanks! Any plans on making a discord?