Impact of a United India

Let's say that Jinnah remains in the Indian National Congress and that the Muslim League (and the idea of Pakistan) remains stillborn. With no split between Hindu and Muslim elements of the Indian nationalist movement, when India becomes independent, it becomes so as a united Dominion of India, not as two nations. What happens next?

Scenario A: United India only consists of OTL India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Scenario B: Burma, Aden (which was run from the Raj), Nepal, Bhutan, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka are also part of said united India
 
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Let's say that Jinnah remains in the Indian National Congress and that the Muslim League (and the idea of Pakistan) remains stillborn. With no split between Hindu and Muslim elements of the Indian nationalist movement, when India becomes independent, it becomes so as a united Dominion of India, not as two nations. What happens next?

Scenario A: United India only consists of OTL India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

More likely.

BIg difference in the modern world. Great India is the world's largest Moslem nation, holding about 40% of the world's Moslems. (OTL India is fourth, with about 15%.) But all these Moslems are in a majority non-Moslem nation. Jihadist sentiment and Moslem supremacism seem to flourish in Moslem-majority nations - Pakistan is a hotbed of such.

Where Moslems are outnumbered, they are less aggressive.

This change would alter the circumstances of about a third of the world's Moslems, probably reducing the spread of jihadism.
 
It might also increase the level of inter-communal violence. A lot depends on how supportive the Muslim populations are of Delhi. Would there be a Muslim "nationalist" party that challenges Congress to rule India on its own? A 40% bloc that tries to control India on its own, or frustrate Congress's attempts to rule, or just as a huge veto on anything it doesn't like, may make governance very hard.

Potentially I see anything from everyone working together just fine to civil war and future partition.
 
What will Indian relations with the Muslim world be like due to India being the largest Muslim nation on Earth and in Scenario B, India has Aden?
 

longsword14

Banned
What the hell is this sentence?

To answer the OP, India is nigh-unrecognizable with many more Muslims in it and it will be impossible for Hindu nationalism to be able to gain control of government as a result.

If the sentence had been Muslim religious factions would stir trouble in areas of extreme concentration, then it would make some sense. While religion is always a card to play, religious dog-whistles are much more common in areas where the size of a minority is not too small. I do not know whether Hindu or Muslim platforms would be used to inflame the electorate; you know that Muslim religious-nuts are not blame-free and would have quite the presence in this timeline.There maybe less strife on the other hand, with some other issues being used by various politicians to break the Hindu-Muslim tread which would have been well-worn seven decades into the life on the union.

Jinnah and company may have been a good foil to an idealist section of the congress, but I doubt it would have any meaningful use. A lot of people associated with Jinnah (or rather the people with whom Jinnah later associated) were not really about a shared sense of ideology beyond the burning issue of religion. Even though a certain small group might tilt economic policy, as soon as this cadre of pre 1947 men is out/dead, who knows what might happen ? Politics in the subcontinent have not been dominated by issues of well thought out economic policies but rather economic policies supported by whoever is in charge. This problem is present to this day and will or some time, with the men in political positions carrying the same dark spots concerning matters of economic thought.

Or I am too pessimistic, had Nehru actually been influence to tilt on his position by men he had cordial relations with things could have gone in quite a different direction with the latter generations putting their trust in those who followed Jawaharlal Nehru. Patel dying so early was a great loss; had he left a camp in the congress that were not so enamoured with OTL policies Congress might have been different in the following years.
 
How do you think would Indian relations with the rest of the world be like if India hadn't been partitioned?
Well, I'd imagine that India would be truly neutral in this situation, since there is no Pakistan to cause it to lean Soviet. It would likely be neutral in the Cold War, having cordial relations with both powers.
 
Indian relations with the Middle East would be interesting due to India being the largest Muslim nation on Earth and in scenario B, has an enclave in the Arabian peninsula (Aden).
 

Isaac Beach

Banned
Including Aden presents an interesting geopolitical situation because it gives India a stake in the Arabian peninsula. Would Aden be better off than OTL or worse? I can't imagine the Saudis & co would be too pleased with all those inevitable Hindu migrants in a non-servile position nearby.
 
An united (and most likely non-aligned) India on its border may lead to the PRC to be closer to the USSR, so no Sino-Soviet Split, would it butterfly, hopefully, the Cultural Revolution?
 
An united (and most likely non-aligned) India on its border may lead to the PRC to be closer to the USSR, so no Sino-Soviet Split, would it butterfly, hopefully, the Cultural Revolution?
Or it could lead to closer PRC- US relations if India gets friendly with the USSR.
 
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