Images from the Footprint of Mussolini



Propaganda Portrait of Kim Il-Sung, the first and only Premier of the People's of Korea from 1945-1972. As the ruler of the seemingly only "successful" Communist state in the world, Kim maintained an iron grip on his nation with most of his efforts internationally being done to keep Korea as a sovereign independent Communist state, allied with but not a puppet of the Soviet Union and never bowing to the whims of North China. Domestically his reign is remembered for Juche, Kim's ideology of self-sufficiency and Korean Nationalism where Korea would be a state to serve Koreans and the people's prosperity coming from the land they worked. After the downfall of the Soviet Union and the Second Chinese War, Kim was put under increasing pressure by ITO and the Roman Alliance to resign and transition Korea to a democracy. With high pressure of an invasion and opened public discontent for his abuses, Kim reluctantly resigned and received a 10 year prison sentence by the Hague, dying shortly after he was released.

Within Korea, Kim's legacy is heavily mixed with depictions of him in the wider world also being mixed at best. Despite being a Communist dictator, living conditions in Korea were tolerable for the majority of the population, with Korea never descending into the poverty of the Stalingrad Pact or the atrocities of Stalin and Suslov. The lack of an intensely organized crime against humanity such as the Holocausts cause many non-Koreans to think of Kim as "The Good Communist", who was simply well intentioned but corrupted by the nature of the ideology.

While initially hated within Korea for the revelation of his extensive purges and political crimes against tens of thousands, recent years have seen a revival in Kim's image as Korea's fading international spotlight, growing domestic mediocrity, and status as a zone of influence for China and Japan has caused a surge of nostalgia for the Kim era. Korean Nationalists see Kim Il-Sung as a flawed and tragic figure who became corrupted by Communism and was in too deep with the Soviets at the end of World War II to truly escape its influence. The "Kim Myth" further depicts Kim as a hero and savior of Korea who valiantly drove off the Japanese Imperialists and kept Mao at bay with Korea being the master in relations. The myth ultimately points to Kim as a man who made tough decisions for the good of the country to keep it independent and above foreign subversion, through his leadership Korea was a strong and respected nation within the world with the post-Kim era only leading to stagnation and weakness. Kim is most popular within rural Korea who see him as a champion of the farmers and defender against the Sino-Japanese encirclement.
 


Isaac Carpi, second man from left. About Carpi's life before his sacrification to save Mussolini's life is not known much. He was born to Jewish worker family to Solomon Carpi (1885 - 1935) and Zara Carpi (1887 - 1974) in Rome in 1910. He was oldest child of his parents and him had younger brother David Carpi (1912 - 1995) and sister Anna Carpi (1914 - 2004). Carpi family claims that they have lived in Italy since days of Julius Caesar if not even earlier. Isaac's father was conscripted to Italian army during First World War. Soon after the war Solomon alcoholised. It is supposed that he suffered from PTSD. His father's alcolholism and fact that Italy didn't get what it wanted despite that it was sacrificed so many young men on the war frustrated young Isaac. Ther e is not information did he see Blackshirt marchin to Rome in 1922 but it is possible that he begun to be influenced by fascism soon afterwards. Already in 1925 at age of 15 he joined to Fascist youth organisation and later to Blackshirts and Mussolini's personal life guard. On 14 July 1932 only at age of 22 him had prove being worth of honor of Blackshirt and took two bullets shoot by Communist Roberto Giovana dying instead il Duce. This sacrification influenced greatly to Mussolini's views. Mussolini too participated to Carpi's funeral. After Carpi's has named several places like streets and train stations. Him has too made some biographies.
 
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Georgy Malenkov a few weeks before his death in 1988.
Remembered as the man who precipitated the peaceful fall of communism, he was sanctified by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1999 being compared as the modern equivalent of Saul of Tarsus. During his government he endeavored to rebuild the international image of Russia, mainly with the European nations, China and Israel as well as the Russian geopolitical doctrine of neutrality.
 


Memorial site for victims of Communism in Moscow, Russia. It was built to place where standed Lenin's Mausoleum almost five decades before it was destroyed during Second February Revolution.
 


Pilecki International Airport in Warsaw. Warsaw became popular tourist destination in 1980's thaks of many restored old buildings which were destroyed during Second World War and Second Soviet-Polish War. This made Warsaw-Okecie Airport (named as Pilecki International Airport in 1994 after Witold Pilecki) very busy place and it was expanded greately in 2000's. Warsaw is one of most visited cities in Europe and undisbutely most visited city in former Stalingrad Pact. This make PIA one of busiest airports in Eastern Europe. The airport handle over 50 % of all air traffic of Poland and handle around 600 flights daily. In 2019 it was used by over 30 millions passengers.
 


David Ben-Gurion giving speech in Libya on January 1944 soon after Battle of Trieste.



Jewish refugees building house outskirts of Tripoli in 1944. Even still nowadays Tripoli has one of largest Jewish communities in Africa. Jews are nowadays clearly part of North Italian society and in Libyan cities is not unusual that on some Libyan cities is church, mosque and synagogue on same street.
 


Poster of BBC documentary series "The World at War". It is one of most praised and famous documentaries about Second World War. It includes much of details about the conflict.

Episodes:

1. A New Germany (1933 - 1939)

Describes rise of Hitler and Nazi Party and German development up to outbreak of the war.Interviews include Ewald-Heinrich Von Kleist-Schmenzin, Werner Busch, Christabel Bielenberg and some other people.

2. Distant War (September 1939 - May 1940)

Describes first months of WW2 until beginning of invasion to France and Winter War between Finland and Soviet Union. Interviews include Charles Woodhouse, Martin Lindsay, Jock Colville and some other people.

3. France Falls (May - June 1940)

Describes fall of France. Interviews include Erwin Rommel, Edward Spears and many other still living officers.


4. Battle of Britain (July - October 1940)

Battle of Britain. Includes interviews of Keith Park, Trafford Leigh-Mallory and some other commanders and pilots of RAF and Luftwaffe,


5. Barbarossa (June - December 1941)

Describes German invason to Soviet Union. There is interviews of many still living German officers and some Soviet veterans.

6. Banzai! (1931 - 1942)

Describes rise of Japanese militarism, Second Sino-Japanese War, border conflict with Soviet Union, Pearl Harbor and early success of the empire. Interviews include Kōichi Kido, Minoru Genda and J.G. Smyth.

7. On Our Way (1939 - 1942)

Describes US actions on early stages of WW2 and entry to the war.

8. Birth of Fascist Bloc (June 1940 - October 1943)

Describes war against Yugoslavia and Greece, Italian diblomacy and creation of Roman Alliance. Interviews include Italo Balbo and some other fascist politicians.

9. Stalingrad (June 1942 - February 1943)

Describes disastrous Battle of Stalingrad. Interviews include several veterans of both sides.

10. Wolves on Atlantic (1939 - 1944)

Describes naval and submarine battles between Germans and Allies navies. Interviews include Otto Kretschmer and some other officers of WW2 navies.

11. Red Star (1941 - 1944)

Describes German occupation, partisan activities and re-organisation of Red Army. Interviews of Soviet and German veterans.

12. New Friends (December 1943 - April 1944)

Describes flee of Hungarian Jews, fall of Horthy's regime, German invasion to Italy, Battle of Trieste, Slovene resistanse closening relationships of British Empire and Roman Alliance and creation of Anglo-Jewish Army. Interviews include Anthony Eden, Orde Wingate, Italo Balbo and some other people.

13. South Asia Burn (1942 - 1944)

Describes war in South Asia from Burma to Indochina. Interviews include some officers of the struggle.

14. Inside of Reich (1940 - 1944)

Describes German society and politics during the war. Interviews include Traudl Junge and many other who followed the things.

15. Race to Danubian Kingdoms (January - May 1944)

Describes rapid fall of Romanian and Hungarian pro-German regimes and Italian invasion to Austria. Interviews include several politicians and officers.

16. Morning (June - August 1943)

Describes Landing of Normandy and liberation of France. Interviews include Bernard Montgomery and many other officers.

17. Occupation of Low Countries (1940 -- 1944)

Describes life, resistanse movements and liberation of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.

18. Shoah (1941 - 1944)

Describes Holocaust, formation of Anglo-Jewish Army and liberation of concentration camps. Interviews include Elie Wiesel, Orde Wingate and some other people.

19. Poland Is Not Perished Yet! (1939 - 1944)

Describes invasion to Poland, activities of Polish Home Army and Warsaw Uprising. Interviews include Wilm Hosenfeld and many others.

20. War Years in North (1939 - 1944)

Describes Winter War, Continuation War, occupation of Denmark and Norway and policy of Sweden.

21. The Plot (April - June 1944)

Describes Operation Valkyries, aftermath of Hitler's assassination and Wehrmacht mutiny. Interviews include Erwin Rommel and some other still living plotters.

22. Downfall (June - October 1944)

Describes last months of Third Reich. Interviews include many officers and veterans of Germany and Allies.

23. The Pacific (1943 - 1945)

Describes war on Pacific. Includes interviews of some officers.

24. The Bomb (1939 - 1945)

Describes Manhattan Project, nuking of Hiroshima and Kokura and surrending of Japan. Interviews include many scientists and workers who participated to Manhattan Project.

25. The New Order (November 1945 - February 1946)

Describes occupation of Germany and Japan, new political situation in Europe and East Asia and trials of Nuremberg and Tokyo. Interviews include Anthony Eden and some other politicians of that time.

26. Rembembering (September 1939 - August 1945)

How war was seen by civilians and veterans.
 


Last photo of president Franklin D. Roosevelt taken on June 7th 1944 only one day before his death.



33rd POTUS Henry A. Wallace. His presidency caused much of mess and worsened relationships with United Kingdom. His presidency is one of most infamous moments in US history and it was very scandalous. Nowadays he is considered one of worst presidents of United States by historians and common people.



Harry S. Truman announces his resignation from office of US president on April 27th 1948 only seven hours after Wallace was removed from his office by Congress. Truman's presidency is shortest one in US history and one of shortest presidencies of whole world. He was too last president from Democratic Party. During next years Truman was largely humiliater by Senate commitees and generally accused if not Soviet spy at least hellish stupid. Truman published his memoirs in 1955 where he tried explain his actions. It was just during last months of his life before his reputation was partially restored.
 
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Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. during WW2

Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. was born on 1915 as oldest son of prominent businessman and poplitician Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. Younger Kennedy participated to WW2 as pilot. In 1945 he married Edith Bouvier Beale. They got four children: Joseph P. Kennedy III (b. 1946), Patrick Kennedy (b. 1948), Maryann (b. 1950) and Michael (b. 1953). Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. entered to politics and was elected as senator in 1946. He was firstly member of Democratic Party but jumped soon to Republicans. In 1956 Kennedy was elected as 37th president of United States. His presidency saw cooling relationships with Roman Alliance, Arlington Agreement which mostly ended violence in South and booming economy. Kennedy acted as president to 1965. He published his memoirs in 1972. Kennedy died in 1998. Nowadays he is seen mostly pretty positively.
 


Josip Broz Tito was originally from modern day Croatia. After collapse of Yugoslavia Tito begun underground activity against unpopular Serbian government. He managed start Serbian Civil War in 1945 and one year later Tito's partisans captured Belgrade and Serbia became socialist republic without Soviet help. Tito faced soon his first challenge when Croatia invaded Serbia. Tito managed call all Serbs to arms (ratherly easy when Croats wanted kill all Serbs) and resist Croats long enough that Soviets managed come help him. This ended Serbo-Croatian War.

After the war Tito became very depedent from Soviet support altough him had bit more freer hands than other Soviet slave states in Europe. Tito never stopped from dreaming about re-creation of Yugoslavia, of course as socialist state. During Tito's reign Serbia maintained pretty poor nation altough not as bad as East Germany, Poland or Slovakia. Tito's Serbia too treatened Jews slightly better than other Communist nations. One reason was that it was logistically transport all Jews to Soviet Union when there were neutral Hungary and Romania between Serbia and USSR. But their life were still very restricted and many Jews moved to Israel, Italy and Bulgaria. Orthodox church had too much of limitations on its activities but even that had more liberties than other churches on Stalingrad Pact.

Altough Tito was basically Soviet puppet he managed control Serbia quiet freely with iron grip. He was one of few Communist leaders who managed keep undisturbed leadership until end of Communism. It was helped by Tito harsh strategy against other potential strongmen. He managed purge Serbian Communist Party from everyone who could challenge him, either outright executions, ruining their reputations or enforcing them leave the party. So even during years of Khruschev there wasn't anyone who could had replace him. And Tito was anyway quiet popular in Serbia.

In 1972, soon after Second February Revolution Tito was ousted by military coup. He was sent to Hagua and sentenced to prison rest of life where he died in 1979. Nowadays Tito is not as hated Communist leader as other are but in Serbia is some underground nostalgy but due authotarian right-wing regime it never hasn't got such nostalgy as Kim Il-sung in Korea.
 

Italian blackshirts, manning a machine gun, prepare to mow down captured members of the Schutzstaffel outside of Dachau who surrendered to them (the Blackshirts).​
 


King Birendra of Nepal. He ascended to the throne in 1972. During his reign Nepal became constitutional multiparty system where king became mostly figurehead of the state altough him has still some power. He helped Nepalese people after 2015 earthquake which killed around 9000 people and damaged capital city Kathmandu badly. This increased popularity of the king and royal family. Recently almost 75 years old king has suffered from several health troubles and there is even rumors that he might abdicate on near future.
 


Berlin after the battle on early November 1944.



Magazine on 4 November 1944.



People celebrating VE on midst November 1944.
 
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Italian propaganda poster created shortly after the Battle for Trieste.

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A still from the movie "Stermio tra gli Abissini" ("Stermio Among the Abyssinians"), released in 1969 and detailing the latest adventure of Sergio Stermio, a sort of bounty hunter going around Italy and its colonies to right wrongs done by the mafia, communist agitators and afrofascists (but called "afronazists" in regime parlance). This movie in particular is about Stermio being contacted by a woman to rescue her uncle, a wealthy store owner kidnapped by afrofascists for ransom money, and carving a way throught Abyssinia and parts of Kenya with fistscuffs and his trusty revolver.
Due to its particularily crude depiction of native Ethiopians as overly aggressive primitives who had to rely on foreginers for organization, and East Africaners as brainless puppets of English industrialists, this movie is often ignored when talking about the history of the Stermio series; and, in the wake of the subsequent Italian retreat from the area, the movie almost killed Carlo Pedersoli's career (who played Stermio in the movie) due to backlash, only recovering at the Turn of the Millennium.
 
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Scene from Finnish movie Sissit (The Guerillas, 1980). Like its name hints it tells about Finnish resistance movement on early years of Finnish SSR. The movie was international success. It tells realistically about activities against Soviet Union and atrocities committed by Red Army. The movie helped boost Finnish movie industry. Already on 1980's movie was always shown on Finnish TV on every Independence Day.



Scene from Finnish movie Punainen uhka (The Red Menace, 2011). It tells about company of Whites during Finnish Civil War in 1918. Due Soviet occupation Finnish Civil War was almost forgotten and it wasn't generally discussed before end of 1990's. Due stronger hatred towards communism and socialism Reds are not be seen in very good light (like in OTL). This movie shows very realistically atrocities commited by Reds. And even generally atrocities of Reds are well-known altough in Finland is admitted that Whites too commited several atrocities at end of the war. But still the civil war is seen as national tragedy (like in OTL but ITTL Reds are not seen as innocent martyrs like in OTL).
 


Poster of Polish movie Powstanie Warszawskie (Warsaw Uprising,1975). Like its name says it tells about succesful Warsaw Uprising in 1944. This movie marked re-birth of Polish movie industry. The movie was international success and it too helped increase common knowledge of the event among young Poles who have lived whole their life under Soviet regime without much of knowledge about the uprising. It too boosted Polish nationalism.
 


Holodomor Memorial in Kiev, Ukraine. Holodomor is recognised as genocide in Ukraine and in many other countries, speciality in Europe and North America and in many countries Holodomor denial is crime. It is one of most infamous Stalin's acts what he commited before WW2 and Second Holocaust.
 
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A wikipedia infobox showing the world's largest economies in 2020
Just wondering, how did India, Chinese, and Vietnamese economies get that large? Especially India, didn't Hindu fascism bring poverty? Maybe I misread and thinking Afrofascism within Zaire.

Ending planned economy early led toward faster growth?
 
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Just wondering, how did India, Chinese, and Vietnamese economies get that large? Especially India, didn't Hindu fascism bring poverty? Maybe I misread and thinking Afrofascism within Zaire.

Ending planned economy early led toward faster growth?
No planned economy with many restrictions helped Indian economy greatly. And probably lack of conflicts with neighbors and internal troubles like Islamic terrorism and Communist guerillas helped keep economy and society stable.

And China is not communist so it can develope its economy more. And Vietnam has not suffered from OTL wars and communism. And it has good treade deals with Cambodia and Laos which are too more prosperous than in OTL.
 
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