Have a head of state die in battle in the industrialized age.

Coup attempts are probably your best bet since they tend to put key figures directly at risk and often sidestep the enormous scope of warfare between states.
 
Hussein was captured while hiding, and hung after a dubious trial. I don't think that counts.
Omar died of illness in obscure circumstances, so I don't think that counts either.
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi blew himself up by suicide vest in the middle of a special forces raid targeting him, so his death could count. The Islamic State was kind of a bullshit country though, so I don't know if he would count as a head of state.
ISIS was like a mafia so you are right probably not a true state

I was just mentioning names of rulers who could have died in action ( not that they actually did)
 
Abiy Ahmed was reported to be leading on the frontline back last november/december during the counter-offensive against TDF-OLA, of course how much of that was propaganda we'll never know, but that's an option if you want another death of a head of government in battle in 2021
 
During a thermonuclear war the POTUS really fully embodies the "command in chief" aspect of the job, directly commanding nuclear forces and becoming a primary target themselves.

They may be manhandled out of bed by Secret Service agents, thrown onto a helicopter flying nap of the earth and spitting flares then rushed onto Air Force 1 or an E-4 that is making a combat take-off, mere moments before the airfield gets nuked.

They then spend 48 hours in the air before landing somewhere with hopefully an intact bunker or a ground mobile command post.

They can be killed at any point by nuclear strike, mishap, friendly fire or assassins and likely most of their friends and family are dead, all of their assets destroyed and while they are better off then most survivors they still face uncertainty, violence and hardship in their future.

I know that's not what you're looking for but I think that's the closest you will get to a modern head of states experience being comparable to a typical combatants in a war. A SAC crew on a bomber or in a silo faces simular stresses and arguably a Boomer crewman faces less risk.

Who knows, maybe in the chaotic aftermath the President has to pick up an M-16 and defend themselves against an angry mob or a warlords forces.
 
Leader of Bosnian Muslims ? In Sarajevo
Forget his name
Alija Izetbegović was the President.
Actually, the deputy Prime minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the time, Hakija Turajlić, was killed by a Bosnian Serb soldier, but it was in cold blood while he was on a diplomatic mission, not in battle.
 
During the Peninsula Campaign, Lincoln and his two Cabinet secretaries travelled to the Union Navy anchored off Norfolk, took command of local bombardment operations, then took a small boat to shore to personally conduct reconnaissance on the banks of the James River (May 8, 1862) before the landing 2 days later. That's the closest incident I can think off to an American President putting himself directly at risk during an industrial war (say he's killed by a Confederate sharpshooter covering the retreat down the river).

To the Gates.PNG

- To the Gates of Richmond: The Peninsula Campaign (by Stephen Sears)
 
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Didn't the King of Jordan fly his attack helicopter against ISIS a fair bit. He could have easily been KIA.
 
Shah of Iran was a airforce pilot maybe he dies when his F4 is shot down by Iraqi airforce in one of the border skirmishes of the late 70s
 
Which is a very emotive way of saying that given the scale of modern wars in terms of the size of the battlefields and the sheer complexity of running them that leaders need to be at some central point with good communications and far enough back so the enemy can't easily take them out. Also modern armies tend to be made up of professional soldiers. The days when some king could ride at the head of their armies and see the whole of the battlefield are long over and the idea of having Lloyd-George or Churchill out in the front lines is more than faintly absurd.
During the run-up to D-Day, Churchill started insisting that he'd go along to watch the landings from one of the warships involved. He was only dissuaded from this when George VI said that if that would be safe enough for the PM to do then it should be safe enough for the monarch as well and he'd accompany Churchill. It's probable that this was a bluff, to get Churchill to back down, but if that had been a serious intention on George's part instead then potentially we could have lost both of them in the same incident.
(N.B. In his younger years, George had served in the Royal Navy: He was at Jutland, as a Midshipman, commanding -- IIRC -- one of the turrets on Jellicoe's flagship.)
 
During the run-up to D-Day, Churchill started insisting that he'd go along to watch the landings from one of the warships involved. He was only dissuaded from this when George VI said that if that would be safe enough for the PM to do then it should be safe enough for the monarch as well and he'd accompany Churchill. It's probable that this was a bluff, to get Churchill to back down, but if that had been a serious intention on George's part instead then potentially we could have lost both of them in the same incident.
(N.B. In his younger years, George had served in the Royal Navy: He was at Jutland, as a Midshipman, commanding -- IIRC -- one of the turrets on Jellicoe's flagship.)
Churchill literally almost got blown up by German artillery because he crossed the Rhine River in 1945 when fighting was still going on.
 
DeGaulle insists on riding on the leading French tank into Paris …. Gets blown up by friendly allied fire
French soldiers almost turn on their allied counterparts
 
Not head of State but in WW1 the German Imperial Crown Prince commanded an Army as did Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria.
 
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