Guns of the French (story thread)

Discussion in 'Finished Timelines and Scenarios' started by mauriceq, Jan 14, 2018.

  1. mauriceq Well-Known Member

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    Discussion thread https://www.alternatehistory.com/forum/threads/guns-of-the-french.433170/

    Excerpt from Mexico and the Foreign Policy of Napoleon III by Michele Cunningham

    Following a dispute over debts, French soldiers entered Mexico City on 7 June 1863. General Almonte was appointed the provisional President of Mexico on 16 June, by the Superior Junta. The Superior Junta with its 35 members met on 21 June, and proclaimed a Catholic Empire on 10 July. The crown was offered to Maximilian, which he accepted on 3 October.

    Despite losing its capital, Mexico still seemed to have a number of advantages favouring guerilla warfare, which it had successfully conducted against the Spanish during its War of Independence. It had large scattered rural populations and harsh geography consisting of significant mountain ranges and deserts. However, after 1864, the sudden French technological advantage completely surprised and overwhelmed the Mexican defenders as they used a wide variety of new automatic rifles and aircraft to brutally crush the Mexican guerillas and exercise effective administration of Mexico for the proceeding century.

    The helicopter, in particular the Eurocopter EC725, allowed France to completely dominate the war, as they could now find enemy soldiers from the air and destroy them without even sending their own soldiers. However, the "New Frenchmen" only provided the France of 1863 with 90 days of military petroleum reserves, and the use of new vehicles required extraction and refining of petroleum, which required a reliable energy source. The existence of petroleum reserves in Mexico, and the lack thereof in France, provided the main incentive for France to continue to occupy Mexico in the following decades, as well as providing an incentive for France to colonize the interior of Africa.

    The New Frenchmen

    "Do you still consider France to be a great nation?" heard the Emperor Napoleon III in his sleep. He had been having a peaceful night at the Tuileries Palace until he heard those words.

    "What if France were even greater? What if France had a new industry capable of utterly usurping all other nations? We are the New Frenchmen, we come to you with gifts only. Listen to us, and we will provide you with everything our nation needs to be the premier nation. We are committed to French nationalism, and we must help France become great because we know what happens if France ever decays..." said a man with a black coat and mask obscuring his face. He had tinted glasses which obscured his eyes as well. There were others accompanying him who remained silent, the amount of which the Emperor could not determine

    Napoleon III was very disturbed that these possibly insane men have found their way into his palace, "Leave my room, immediately." He mumbled with a fatigued and mildly angered voice.

    "Soon enough, we will. In the meantime, we have left some papers in your room, which, if you use these correctly, will help your country further advance. There are some, how do I say it, facilities, in Evreux which contain examples of new inventions and technologies. I see you are growing exhausted, perhaps when you wake up in the future, we can have a discussion in better circumstances," they said before disappearing suddenly.

    "Had I drank too much tonight?" mumbled the Emperor before returning to sleep.

    ---

    When he woke up he found that the men who trespassed in his palace had indeed left some papers for him. The papers were completely white and the words were all perfectly aligned and orderly. The first page had a boxed inscription,

    These are the guides to constructing or maintaining critical inventions of the twentieth century using industry available in the ninetieth century. 3 km east of the town of Evreux, there is a military outpost which contains live specimens of the technologies mentioned here, as well as stockpiles of poison gasses, petroleum, automatic rifles, machine guns etc. We do not doubt that your engineers, provided with enough time, can replicate these inventions and even add to the designs. You have been provided with a great gift. Use this resource wisely.

    He proceeded to open the papers and saw prototypes for bizarre ideas, a machine which could change the temperature of any sealed room, a gun which could be made from scrap metal and fire at 10 rounds per second, a machine which could convert large amounts of coal and wood into small amounts of gasoline, and a camera which could record images in colour. He also saw guides on how to fly helicopters and airplanes. When he personally explored the facility at Evreux, he found it to be "the most bizarre and enlightening experience of my life."

    He then ordered 30 Vehicule Blinde Leger armoured scout car, 15 AMX Leclerc tanks, 50 Ford Ranger light utility vehicles, 20 Eurocopter Tiger attack helicopters, 20 NHIndustries NH90 and 8 Eurocopter Caracal transport helicopters to be sent via boat to Mexico. Some were rendered unusable along the way due to failure to maintain the equipment, while some ships sank due to the weight of the metal. The few that did make it across were unusable in the very poorly made dirt roads and mountains of Mexico. Transport helicopters allowed France to quickly supply forces and automatic rifles allowed individual soldiers to become much more effective. Soon, the morale of the Mexican guerillas began to plummet as they were intimated by automatic rifles and by tanks and aircraft, which they had no way to combat and many deserted. France also provided a surplus of food to loyal Mexicans. After the Republicans were reduced to a token force, Benito Juarez ultimately was killed in combat in Mexicali in 1867, marking the end of major combat actions.

    Soon after France conquered Mexico, it began implementing dramatic changes to the Mexican landscape, by extracting from oil, primarily from the Chicontepec and Cantarell Fields. The fact that France was able to successfully establish oil refineries which could then be used for vehicles was surprising to the world, but there was fear that France would then run out of cars, because it could not repair or manufacture cars, at least for the next few decades. Thus, a few Ford Ranger cars were kept in reserve in Paris, in hope that one day they could be replicated in the future. France also began appeasing the Mexican population, by providing an ample food supply using modern agriculture, which eventually caused the Mexicans to stop resisting. The building of missionary and government schools spread the French language among educated Mexicans and it soon became the language of the elite classes by the end of the nineteenth century. By the early twentieth century, the French language began spreading to the urban masses and became the primary language of education. Despite this, most Mexicans, who were lower class, remained more proficient in Spanish, especially in rural areas.

    To reduced the threat of the United States dominating the Western Hemisphere, France began donating immense sums of assault rifles and food to the Confederate States, which was in dire straits during the Southern War of Independence. This ultimately allowed Confederates to retake New Orleans from the Union, and then take over the Mississippi, which the Union previously held. Many have compared how desperate the United States was before French intervention to how desperate the Confederacy was before French intervention. France, confident in its abilities, demanded in an ultimatum that the United States recognise the Mexican empire, which was predictably refused by Lincoln. After the France declared war on the United States, they sunk most of the American navy, which broke the blockade, and the Confederates, gaining new morale, pushed Sherman's advance all the way back into Kentucky and, alongside French soldiers landing from transport ships along the coast, invaded Maryland, surrounding Washington D.C. Along with constant French bombing of northern industry, farms and soldiers, so after a year siege of Washington D.C., the capital of the United States ultimately surrendered, and the South became an independent nation. The historical monuments and resources of the city were looted by Confederates and sent back to Richmond.

    Lincoln committed suicide as the French approached the White House, while Andrew Johnson and his cabinet were allowed to keep their office as long as they kept recognising the sovereignty of the Confederate States.

    Excerpt from The Disunited States of America: The Unfinished Revolution by Jack D. Foner

    Plight of the Franco-Americans

    The defeat in the Southern War of Independence led to the birth of new American militarism and desire for revenge, characterised by a deep sense of bitterness, hatred and demand for revenge against the Confederate States and France. This was particularly manifested in the desire for another war with Confederacy in order to regain lost lands. A side effect of this was discrimination against Franco-Americans, in spite of the fact that thousands of them had lived in the United States for centuries without any issues. Only a few Frenchmen were outspoken admirers of Napoleon III. This resentment was manifested in the French Exclusion Act, which was a United States federal law signed by President Johnson on May 6, 1866, prohibiting all immigration of French people into the United States. Meanwhile, thousands of Franco-Americans were arrested or executed on charges of treason and supporting the enemy in wartime. Vandalism of French community institutions, such as schools, cemeteries or Catholic Churches, became common.

    As a result, many Franco-Americans emigrated abroad. By 1870, nearly 60% of the Franco-American population had emigrated outside of the United States, while the rest hid their nationality or fled to the Midwest like the Mormons had. About 105,000 of them went to the Province of Canada, and the rest to other countries such as the Confederate States, Mexico and France. The exiled Frenchmen went on to become a very conservative and anti-American force in their local politics. Eventually, the proceeding generations of Franco-American youth rejected their heritage, seeing greater benefit from assimilating into American society.

    Industrialisation of the Confederate States

    Jefferson Davis was voted out of office in 1866, because of his lack of popular appeal and war exhausting the south. The popular general-in-chief, Robert E. Lee, was elected with 75% of the vote. The Confederate States came into existence as an impoverished nation with immense ethnic conflict between whites and blacks and almost of all of its significant industries destroyed in its war of independence. Almost all free blacks and slaves had taken advantage of the chaos of the war to escape to the United States or the Mexican Empire, further damaging the Confederate economy. The slaveowners resorted to harsh measures to retain the few remaining slaves, such as lynching free blacks to "set an example". Many predicted that the new Confederacy would implode in a few years.

    However, the Confederacy made an unprecedented upturn thanks to new technologies provided by the French Empire. The construction of paved roads, new industries and extraction of petroleum reserves across the south provided new job opportunities and increased the population's standard of living. The first car manufacturer in North America, in fact, was Cooper Motors, named after general Samuel Cooper. Established in Texas in 1869, Cooper Motors produced the Cooper Model 1, a large family car which was made accessible to civilians for the first time, allowing much more convenient transport. The Confederacy, hoping to capitalise on these inventions for its own political gains, distanced itself from France, with President Lee infamously claiming, "The automobile is a Confederate invention," despite having been used in France and Mexico 6 years before.

    Agricultural slavery was instantly obsolete, as phosphate fertilisers and other agricultural techniques, combined with mechanised cotton production, reduced dependency on slaves. Ultimately, it was the higher cost of slavery compared to industry that resulted in many slaves being sold off or manumitted. Northern abolitionists, such William Lloyd Garrison, leading the American Anti-Slavery Society, attempted attacks on southern plantations, which led to paranoia of Washington D.C. which did not stop them. Ultimately, nonviolent methods, such as protesting or freeing slave children by paying for freedom when they were baptized were more effective. Slavery began to dwindle, reaching about 10,000 slaves before the Confederate States Constitution was amended to abolish slavery in 1889, the last nation in the Western Hemisphere to do so.

    Excerpt from The Franco-Austro-Prussian War: Prussia’s War with France and Austria in 1866 by Geoffrey Wawro

    Prussia and Austria had fought three Silesian Wars in the eighteenth century, all of which Prussia won, and the last of which escalated into a global conflict. Ultimately, Napoleon’s first conquest of Europe united them against a common foreign enemy, the French, which they then turned on when it was clear the French invasion of Russia failed.

    Growing desire to unify Germany emerged in the aftermath of the 1848 revolutions. Prussia and Austria were the German-speaking great powers, and Prussia’s coal resources had allowed it to unexpectedly industrialise and become stronger. Meanwhile, the minorities of Austria, such as the Hungarians, Italians, Romanians, Ukrainians, Poles, etc all wanted their own nation and were repeatedly suppressed by military force, such as the Hungarian rebellion in 1848 or Galician rebellion in 1846.

    After the distraction of the Mexican war ended, Franse began to focus on Europe. France wanted to prevent a united Germany, but also wanted to keep Italy as an ally. To this end, it promised to recognise Austria’s claim to Holstein, assist in any war against Prussia, provide advanced technologies and secretly endorse the return of Silesia to Austria in exchange for Austria providing Venetia to Italy.

    On 12 March, Austria officially ceded Venetia to France, and on 19 March ceded Venetia to Italy, which placated Italy. On 29 March, France fired around 50 Pluton conventional ballistic missiles at Prussian factories and military outposts, and occupied Freiburg. The battle of Freiburg demonstrated the effectiveness of French technology, as within a day France took a city with only 180 casualties while Prussia suffered 902. The next day, Prussia declared war on France, and Austrians began to invade Silesia.

    With 2 weeks, Austrians entered Breslau and French entered Hamburg. Entire Prussian cities had been burnt to the ground and the Prussian army had no method to fight back. Notably, incendiary bombs were used to destroy farmland and deliberately starve the population and the army. Within 3 months, the French were on the edge of Berlin. The Battle of Berlin was marked by immense civilian casualties, as a result of indiscriminate combing and French soldiers rode tanks into the streets, firing automatic rifles or machine guns into houses to root out enemy soldiers. It was also the first use of paratroopers in warfare, as 300 French paratroopers descended from C-130 Hercules aircraft and caused confusion by going behind enemy lines. The Prussians became desperate, often sending children with only stones or knives against French soldiers equipped with automatic rifles, with predictable results. Prussian soldiers often found that their weapons could not penetrate the French tanks. On August 31, 1866, Prussia finally surrendered.

    After the Franco-Prussian-Austrian War, the Treaty of Calais was signed, with the following terms.

    1. Prussia abandons all territorial claims to Silesia, Schleswig, Holstein and Rhineland. Silesia and Holstein become Austrian, Schleswig becomes Danish, and Rhineland becomes French.

    2. Prussia pays Francs the value of 5 billion marks.

    3. Austrian and French soldiers can remain in Prussia until the payment of reparations is finished.

    4. Prisoners of war are returned to their respective countries.

    The War of 1866 resulted in 49,334 French casualties, 58,076 Austrian casualties and ~175,000 Prussian casualties. We can estimate half a million civilian casualties, including from starvation after the war caused by bombing of farmland and industrial centres.

    The war was cheered on in France as an example of France successfully dominating its historical opponent and reasserting its rightful position as the dominant European power, providing strong support to the Imperial government. Austrian reaction was less enthusiastic as many wanted to stay out of the war, but most were grateful that Prussia no longer posed a threat to Austria. Prussia was utterly humiliated and most of its people were starving and unemployed. Kaiser Wilhelm, who started the war by initiating a dispute over Holstein, was forever remembered as the fool who ruined the possibility of German unification through reckless aggression, and brutally crushed opposition to the monarchy in the aftermath of the war.

    Prussia and Britain agreed to sign an alliance, both fearing a dominant France. Belgium and the Netherlands mobilised their armies, fearing invasion by France if Napoleon III continued his expansionist warmongering path.

    Recording of a conversation held in a basement of Evreux Facility, January 10 1867

    1: We have been too reckless. A million people have died so far in pursuit of French domination of Mexico, the Confederacy and Prussia. The world so far is not used to this level of carnage.

    2: Providing our developments in medicine, printing, transportation, industrial goods, agriculture, etc has vastly increased the standard of living for Frenchmen.

    1: And everyone else? They have received only the worst of these developments, German mobs being slaughtered before machine guns like grass to a scythe, napalm burning alive Mexican children, French soldiers protecting the barbaric system of slavery in the Confederacy while expected to denounce it at home?

    2: I do not believe that the French soldiers are as reckless as you claim. You forget that civilisation has been brought to Mexicans, they have air conditioning now and treatment for most tropical diseases such as malaria. They should be grateful that we were able to provide them with help, they only fight us because they do not know anything else other than to fight.

    1: Do they want our "civilisation?"

    2: They do not know enough to know what they want. That is why we are here to educate them.

    1: What lets you make such a decision?

    2: Because we are a more advanced people. We have many inventions, let's say, which are only being spread to help the world at this time.

    1: You refuse to consider any negative impacts of your rash decision to spread lethal weapons to a people which cannot understand the implications.

    2: Alfred, these impacts, that you mention, are outweighed by the increase in quality of life that we created. Millions of people have been alleviated from poverty thanks to our phosphate fertilizers.

    1: And a million have died from bullets which you showed Napoleon III how to make. Was it impossible to spread air conditioning without spreading nuclear weapons?

    2: I won't deny that there are a few bad apples among the French government who are using these benefits for unapproved purposes. Civilisation is a package deal, you can't pick and choose.

    1: A few bad apples? To say there are a few bad apples is ridiculous when the new weapons of France were used to subjugate Mexico, the United States and Prussia, and now looking toward Belgium and the Netherlands. They never will stop expanding. They have committed genocide against Germany, and we gave them the planes to do it. Perhaps it was better we had just left them alone.

    2: This "genocide against Germany" is a raindrop when compared to the ocean of blood that a united Germany could open if it were left alone to conquer Europe. A few can die today so a million do not die tomorrow.

    1: You do not know what will happen tomorrow, all you know is that you fucked around today.

    2: We did not "fuck around" with the world. We provided generous benefits to the French Empire with the intention of improving its standard of living and that of the world as a whole.

    1: Seldom has history seen such a dominant, unilateral power astride the international scene. We see the Spanish and Mongol Empires as examples. When such a power finds areas which are relatively unarmed, the results are bleak and depressing for all the conquered people.

    2: And here we have offered a chance for change!

    1: Napoleon III saw this "chance for change" and conquered Mexico and the Rhineland and carved out from the United States, a slave power determined only to crush the African population. The world as a whole is not benefitting, only the elite minority loyal to Napoleon III. Sound of paper shuffling, followed by quick footsteps running away.

    2: You can't take those papers with you! Those are important.

    Man killed by sniper, found to have French secret information, Published in The Times on January 14, 1867

    Jeffery Josephson was born in 1838, in the northern French town of Rouen, the son of a farmer. He had been visiting Oxford as a tourist when he was shot and killed by a sniper at the entrance to the Malmaison hotel. The perpetrator has not been found at this time, but is suspected to be an agent of the French government.

    Policemen arriving to investigate the incident have found Josephson to have a stack of papers in his jacket, with highly classified information, such as information about artillery, automobiles, automatic firearms, radar, sonar, and jet propulsion engines previously only manufactured by the French government, and quickly turned over the papers to London. It is believed these inventions require a vast amount of resources to design and produce. Government figures have not made public comments on any specific details, but Gladstone has claimed the information is "highly precise and important".

    The French government has demanded that Britain return the papers with out viewing them, but this demand has been rejected. Tensions are rising between Britain and its traditional enemy, since France conquered the Rhineland it has been growing in power.


    Excerpt from The War of the Eight Coalition by Geoffrey Wawro

    The blood had hardly dried from the streets of Berlin when an alliance was signed between Prussia and the United Kingdom. The unseen devastation in Prussia created a sense of despair and hopelessness, which the Kaiser hoped to alleviate by fighting alongside Britain, hoping that victory would come this time. Instead of making an economic recovery, Prussia simply put all of its focus on its military, forcing children and criminals alike into the increasingly disorganised and unprofessional Prussian army. The people largely wished simply to live and be left alone, no longer interested in the grand German nationalist schemes that had caused so much devastation and failure.

    The United Kingdom, on the other hand, considered itself an exceptionally industrialised nation, with the best navy constantly protecting it from invasion and using its power to prevent any one European power from being strong enough to invade it. Now, another Napoleon was in command, and he seemed to have the exact same scheme as his uncle, conquering France's natural borders. Fearing any future French expansion, Britain and Belgium agreed that Britain could deploy a military force into Belgium in order to protect its neutrality and sovereignty.

    Napoleon III wanted to restore the borders of France that Napoleon I had established, which included Belgium, and the Josephson Affair convinced him that he had to act fast before France's technological advantage faded away. He quickly demanded that Britain withdraw its army from Belgium within 72 hours. Gladstone, was sure that, even if Prussia would defeat France alone, believed it could if Britain blockaded France and attacked the colonies. He refused the ultimatum and the French Empire declared war on the United Kingdom on January 30, 1867.

    The French invasion of Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium was a quick affair. The ancient fortresses that the three nations had depended on for millennia turned out to be utterly defenceless in the face of aerial bombing. Luxembourg's small army, which numbered under 400, did not resist, and on January 30, 1867, Luxembourg was annexed by France. Belgium was essentially surrounded, and French soldiers and tanks entered from the south and the east. Belgium was an easy conquest for France, and within three weeks Belgium surrendered, with 50,000 British soldiers encircled and taken prisoner. The Dutch were similarly helpless when France used aircraft and tanks against them, and fell without significant resistance. Willem III of the Netherlands and Luxembourg fled to London, while Leopold II of the Belgians was killed in the French invasion. The death of Leopold II led him to become a famous martyr among Belgian diaspora communities, and he is generally perceived as an innocent figure who died valiantly for his country. The Dutch Caribbean and East Indies went to France without significant resistance, as well. Prussian attempts to gain the Rhineland failed as the French defensive line, with trenches and machine guns, proved impenetrable.

    The British attempts to blockade France were easily defeated by superior French firepower. British Honduras was taken in 6 days by the Mexican Empire, which, alongside the Confederacy, declared war on the United Kingdom after the Netherlands fell. On February 14, a Dassault Rafale carrying a 300kt thermonuclear warhead was sent to nuke Edinburgh, resulting in 5,000,000 immediate civilian casualties, and a loss of a large portion of British industry. Additionally, French began bombing British industries, which they thought had been helping the war effort and British farms and all ships going to Britain, with the intention of starving it. Britain had no possible way to retaliate against aircraft.

    Gladstone was then provided with a peace offer, to recognise French control over Rhineland, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, Mexican control over British Honduras and the war would end right there, with the British Empire mostly intact. Or, he could have honoured his earlier promises and remained defiant, despite literally having no possible way to win this war.

    Would he accept the peace offer?

    Excerpt from The Third Carlist War by Louis Albert

    Fragmented by the war, Spain throughout the 19th century was destabilised as different political parties fought for control. After the fruitless Chincha Islands War and rising independence tensions with Cuba and the Philippines, the Glorious Revolution deposed Isabella II, and ushered the First Spanish Republic into power.

    Napoleon III could not accept the possibility that a popular revolution could depose the monarchy, feating it could set a precedent wihtin France. However, no political force was willing to restore Isabella, so he turned to the Carlists. Making a secret deal with Carlos VII, he agreed to cede Catalonia and the Philippines to France and Cuba to the Confederacy in exchange for French military support in gaining the position of King of Spain.

    The army's organisation was most effective, as they could be resupplied from the air and by supply trucks and the French troops' loyalty was certain as they had been vindicated by victories against Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Mexico, the United States, Prussia and the United Kingdom. The medieval-era forts around Spain were quickly demolished by aerial bombing, and France found sympathy among Catalonians for their annexation, hoping to bring increased tolerance of the Catalan language and benefits of modern technology and agriculture. Reconnaissance and air support to units on the ground proved critical to Carlist victory.

    Madrid had been captured within 16 days of the French invasion, and by 1870 the Liberals and Republicans had been militarily defeated or unwilling to fight anymore. Many surrendered due to the fear tahat if they kept resisting, they would face certain death without accomplishing much. Plus, many were more interested in having modern food products.

    Overall, Napoleon III had a far easier time invading Spain than his father had, with the Carlist forces sweeping over the competition. However, the issue of Catalonia became an open sore that prevented Carlos VII and Napoleon III from ever completely trusting each other, which would play a key role in future tensions.

    Diary of a Confederate by Nate Harlow

    As a result of the war in Europe, Spain had become so weakened that it could no longer retain its colonies, and was kind enough to grant us Cuba, a rich island south of Confederate Florida. All our officers said the Cubans harbored a great deal of discontent towards the Spanish Government, due to years of manipulation on the part of the Spanish. We were told that our presence in Cuba was justifiable, we were told we would be welcomed with flowers. The prospect of getting the Confederate States involved would result in a freer Cuba. I'll be damned if I knew why everyone thought that was a good idea.

    The second our Eurocopter Cougar landed in Havana, we already saw that the city had been all but destroyed. Houses, hospitals, libraries and school were indistinguishable in the ashes. Confederate soldiers who began killing innocent negro men and women in the streets with machine guns never were punished. I'd estimate about half the negro Cuban slaves had been killed by the Confederates. All the Cuban civilians I met were furious that we had destroyed their hopes of independence that we thought they had. Resistance sprang across the mountains, but the poor bastards never stood a chance against our attack helicopters and drones that could see them from the sky. They had a lot of men willing to die to fight us, but the best gun the Cuban resistance ever had was muskets, taking a minute to reload each shot while we could fire ten rounds a second with our AK-47 rifles that France so generously provided. Our navy and air force attacked all the ships going into Cuba without even asking who it was, which embarrassingly led to accidents where we fired on our own troop transport vessels.

    Most of the Spanish fled when they saw what was coming, but those who stayed had been hanged en masse by our soldiers. The goals of the Confederacy, to establish justice and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, were completely mocked by the actions of President Lee in his brash decision to conquer Cuba. Clearly, the man who once believed in honourable traditions has fallen into the same power trap as Napoleon III. I fear the Confederacy will be just as brutal as Napoleon's French Empire if we cannot contain our anger.

    I cannot in good conscience participate in such atrocities. Pray the Lord has mercy and that He will save these people and put an end to the war.

    Excerpt from The War of the Eight Coalition by Geoffrey Wawro

    "Gentlemen, the chill down my back has little to do with the rainy weather of London. I must admit that since the slaugher of Ediburgh, the tide of the war has developed in a direction which is unfavourable toward the interests of the United Kingdom. Recognising that the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium and British Honduras have already fallen, and recognising that as Edinburgh has been annihilated, it is no longer reasonable to continue the war against France. We see no progress in this war, and only the annihilation of the British people will occur if we continue our involvement in this Continental affair. The United Kingdom has no reasonable option but to accept the terms which have been outlined by Napoleon III, and that's the sad and sorry truth. May the powers above grant mercy upon our people, and let us pray that never again may we fall victim to such atrocities."

    Gladstone's London Speech, which was the first speech in the United Kingdom to have been publically viewed on radios, and contributed to widespread dissent among Gladstone. He had initiated and lost a war against France, in the process losing over five million Scottish civilians within a day, and having lost Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands through military incompetence. Modern historians now know that it was literally impossible for Britain to have won against France, no matter plans they used, thanks to French technological superiority, but the people at the time did not. After Churchill's speech the House divided. There was then a vote of confidence against Gladstone, which resulted in 520-61 against, as many members of his own party, after seeing the carnage of Edinburgh, did not vote in favour.

    On 21 December 1868, the war between France and Great Britain ended, and on New Years' Eve, Gladstone went to Buckingham Palace to resign and was succeeded by Disraeli.

    After Britain surrendered, France now moved into southern German states, occupying Bavaria, Prussian Province of Hohenzollern, Wurttenbemberg and Baden. These were united into the South German Kingdom, under the leadership of Napoleon III's son, Napoleon, Prince Imperial, with the understanding that when Napoleon III retired, his son would control both the French Empire and southern Germany. Prussia, despite being at war for almost 2 years, made no gains and its people only suffered further, it ultimately surrendered with the only significant change being ceding Hozenhollern.

    Excerpt from A brief history of Hawaii 300AD ~ 1900 by Dante Han

    Kamehameha V (1830–1872), born as Lot Kapuāiwa, reigned as the fifth and last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1863 to 1872. He was described as the last great traditional chief, who was placed in an irrecoverable position.

    Despite having recognised Hawaiian independence in the Anglo-Franco Proclamation of 1843, France began turning to the Pacific after the Great French War ended. Eager to gain control over the strategic region, Napoleon III presented Kamehameha V with an ultimatum in 1869 ordering the sultan to board the French flagship or Honolulu would be bombarded. Knowing that resistance would fail as seen in the Low Countries, he had no choice. Publicly humiliated, his authority was irreversibly damaged. The French allowed him to retain his position as King, but he lost all power.

    The French colonisation of Hawaii brought many new infrastructure projects, primarily military airports such as Jean Baptiste Kleber Air Base in Wahiawa, but also civilian airports which increased tourism. Medications for tropical diseases were introduced.

    Settlers and tourists from Francs began moving into Hawaii quickly and buying the sugar plantations, forming the richest group. Migrant workers from French East Indies and the French Philippines also moved in, but remained impoverished and confined to poorer ethnically homogeneous neighbourhoods, where crime was common.

    Discrimination soon became common as, by the infamous Wahiawa Code, only French citizens and their descendants were allowed to own businesses or serve in the government, judiciary and police. Additionally, any press articles mentioning independence were censored. Protests and riots were common, but all failed to remove the French administration.

    Excerpt from The Final Years of Napoleon III by Michele Cunningham

    The 1860’s were known as the “Decade of Success” in French culture. The automobile, plane and radio made French life more convenient and phosphate fertilisers and tractors allowed more to settle in cities and decreased the number of farmers. After the Great French War (aka the War of the Eighth Coalition) France had overwhelmed all of its enemies, Spain, Prussia and Britain, and hardly been harmed in the process. France was a global empire from Honolulu to Amsterdam to Mexico City. France was now clearly the dominant European military, political and economic power, and its people enjoyed an unprecedented standard of living. Patriotic demonstrations in the streets of Paris were common as the people celebrated the Emperor for each military victory.

    However, the price of French domination was paid by the rest of Europe. French success came only from using its new weapons and technologies to cruelly starve or massacre millions of people. Notable incidents are that five million Briton civilians died from the nuking of Edinburgh in 1867 and half a million Prussian civilians died from French bombing and massacres in 1866. Any institutions suspected of supporting nationalism were suppressed, often forcibly. Dutch Protestant Churches were disbanded. All Napoleonic principles of equality were abandoned as the French culture was prioritised and enforced upon all nations it deemed within its “natural borders”.

    Through the 1860s, the health of the Emperor steadily worsened. Some modern historians attribute his health to making strange decisions. Ultimately, he died on 9 January 1873, to be succeeded by his son Napoleon IV as Emperor of France.

    Napoleon III is considered among the most important figures of the 19th century. He is remembered favorably among Frenchmen today as a victorious wartime leader who reestablished French global supremacy. On the other hand, the rest of Europe sees him as responsible for mass repression of social liberties and millions of deaths from warfare, starvation, executions and nuclear bombing.

    Excerpt from Biography of Emperor Napoleon IV published in Encyclopædia Britannica
    Born in 1856, Napoleon IV was just 17 years old upon his coronation as Emperor of France and King of South Germany. He had certainly thought of becoming Emperor before, but never thought it would come this early. He thought that he should earn his crown by military prestige, and to that end he initiated many successful wars which greatly expanded the French Empire. He created a vast cult of personality, comparable to Napoleon I, making thousands of statues which featured him as "the great French nationalist". His rule placed priority on French nationalist ideas, and was marked by active suppression of foreign cultures, contrasting with his predecessors, who sought to work alongside other cultures within the Empire. The ideas of "Liberty, equality, fraternity" were quickly replaced by "French supremacy on this Earth". Censorship and harsh repressive measures were used against all opposed to his rule, with mass executions becoming common.

    By the end of his reign..., he had made for France the largest empire since the Mongols, having conquered almost the entire African Continent and Southeast Asia, with the harshest level of brutality.

    ...

    The following speech was given after his coronation at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, which is the same place where his grand-uncle Napoleon I was coronated.

    It is for the first time that I have taken the crown of my Grand-Uncle Napoleon I with honour. I will go beyond his vast legacy not only to ensure France is a great power, but to ensure that France is the greatest power. We were occupied and had a foreign monarchy forced upon us once, deprived of our New World colonies by the British Empire. But we were a strong nation and we rose up against the British. And now we have destroyed all British strength. While Napoleon I may have been incapable of hitting anything in England, we not only bombed them, we nuked Edinburg and ensured that they faced the consequences for their vain attempt to stop us. French planes and tanks terrify all opposition, all those who dreamed of crushing France, of reducing France cities to ashes, all are far less outspoken now that is their cities which have been destroyed. Our inventions grant us the speed and brutality we need to ensure France remains a glorious state. We will remove any force which could prevent the French Empire from obtaining the supreme position on this Earth. As the Emperor of France, I will take every measure possible to assert the Imperial authority everywhere. It is the French soldiers who know war and are willing to kill to preserve the French Empire who are paying the sacrifice which the French people need. We will exceed the natural borders, France will go beyond every border drawn on the map, we will exceed every expectation set upon us. The French Revolution lives on, and the French Revolution is great. Long Live France!


    Excerpt from A Concise History of the Netherlands by James Kennedy

    On 16 June 1875, Dutch nationalists organized a demonstration in front of the Amsterdam Police headquarters in order to demand the reintroduction of the Dutch language in education and independence from France. The governor-general of the French Holland, Louis-Jules Trochu, ordered the leaders arrested, and the crowd protested. He then ordered that the Amsterdam Police fire upon the crowd with machine guns, and disposed of the bodies in the Amstel River. The number of dead is in dispute, however it is estimated to be at least 100. Resentment generated by the Amsterdam Massacre ultimately led to a resurgence in Dutch nationalist sentiment. In the aftermath, French military presence in the Netherlands was increased to 30,000 men, and mass deportation of Dutchmen from the Netherlands to French Guiana.

    The whole story was never allowed to appear in the press or any other French mass media and remained classified. No one was prosecuted for participation in the killings, and no successive French government acknowledged that the massacre occurred.

    Amsterdam Massacre, anon

    The French administration was boasting about killing Dutch civilians ever since the country was invaded 5 or so years ago. What happened on 16 June 1875 was unsurprising considering the irrational and abnormal fear of the Dutch held by the French people. Among the hundreds of demonstrators massed in Amsterdam, only a few would have voluntary arrived if they knew they would be killed. They came with no weapons and only sought to speak their own language in their own community. But now that they already have been slaughtered, we can expect much more intense resistance against the occupation. If the Revolutionary Ideals of "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity" ever withstood the coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte, by now those ideals have now been completely replaced by the same French colonial domination characteristic of the Bourbon Kings. I fear that French society has been so overcome with a desire for reckless slaughter that it fails to consider any implication to its actions. The indisputable facts are that France only seeks to expand further, and that it will slaughter millions more if it wants to and that there is nothing anyone can do to stop it. The French Empire will be no different than the Spanish or Mongol Empires which murdered millions in pursuit of a place in the sun.
     
  2. mauriceq Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Nov 1, 2017
    Location:
    Barbados
    I set the world on fire by Markus Konig, published January 1, 1878

    It was 5:00h in the Channel. On one side was the United Kingdom, head of a prosperous industry and a large collection of colonies, and the other side laid the French Empire, a rapidly expanding Continental power utilising it’s industry to slaughter millions of problems and conquer vast tracts of land. The French Revolution had good intentions, originally spreading goals of equality among peoples and nationalist ideas. I fear that Napoleon’s coronation as Emperor seven decades ago was the first sign the revolution had ended. I cannot in conscience allow the French Empire to continue to occupy my land. Frenchmen massacre the citizens of Amsterdam and forbid my children from speaking to each other in their native language. I fear that I have to take some action or else the Dutch people will disappear completely. The French people are complicit in cheering on every new invasion committed in the name of France. They are an unfortunate casaulty in our war of national independence.

    It was two months since I was appointed as submarine commander. I said always that I was loyal to the Emperor and I would choose him over the Dutch. They accepted me as long as I spoke French. Deception is acceptable if it brings the greater good. Two weeks ago, my crew mutinied, killing 5 on board who remained loyal, and launched a nuclear bomb against the French city of Caen. I’d estimate I caused about a million deaths that second.

    We then sailed through the Atlantic into Halifax. The colonial police had no idea what to do with us. They brought us to Lieutenant Governor Sir Adams George Archibald, who requested to meet us personally. He spoke to me as if he were confused. I was thankfully a very educated man who spoke English acceptably. He informed me that England had been destroyed by a mass of meteroric explosions, decimating the society and leaving Canada to declare independence. I thought he just had a bit too much to drink last night, but now that I know the truth I see how desperate he was.

    We eventually negotiated a deal wherein our submarine and then schematics would be confiscated by the Canadian Confederation, and our crew walked away free. I remain a free man in Halifax today, and soon enough my countrymen in the Netherlands will be free too.

    Answering the British Question, anon

    The Paris Situation Room was a dark chamber illuminated by the white lights on the ceiling. The floors, walls and ceilings were all hardened concrete, tucked away deep under the Parisian catacombs. The television screen on the front wall provided a map of the world, while various smaller televisions on the side were off. Some portable computers were at the head of the long wood table at the center of the Situation Room. These computers were used to analyse vast amounts of data and organise government agencies. The French Army had improved dramatically thanks to the fact that officers could now communicate directly with Paris, instead of being on their own initiative as was the case in every other army. On the surface, the fact that we had given the French Empire our technology seemed to be a good thing for France, as its borders rapidly expanded, but I am keenly aware that this has come at the cost of millions of lives, and that eventually we will decay. Napoleon IV is all to eager to be a soldier, and his aggressive attitude might be used against him one day. I've seen how he compared his Empire to Spain and Mongolia, but those empires decayed and faded into history as well. Still, I have certainly had fun fucking around in the French Empire, and I will be sure to report any developments which come up.

    "Your Imperial and Royal Majesty, there has been a great crisis which has compelled us to drive you into the situation room", said the exasperated Marshal of France, Francois Achille Bazaine, "The city of Caen was subject to a nuclear blast. From what resources I have, it is reasonable to believe that a French nuclear submarine crew has mutinied against the Empire".

    "I am aware of the fact that one of our vessels had mutinied against us, killing French civilians in the process", the Emperor paused for a few seconds and slowly put his right hand on the table. "We cannot allow the idea that there was a mutiny to spread. If the oppressed people see there is a mutiny, they could join in. It would be wiser, therefore, to blame an external enemy, of which the closest is Britain."

    I saw it was my turn to contribute, and replied, "It would indeed be a wise decision for the French Empire to use this opportunity to conduct, let's just say...retaliatory measures of an equivalent degree."

    "Emperor, go far beyond what Zeta said, go far beyond an equivalent degree. Only with the elimination of England as achieved with nuclear weapons can France have a clear path to expand. If we nuke them once or twice, they will be angered and one day want revenge and nuke us in return. Only if the English do not exist anymore, will France become the supreme nation. Leave no prisoners", said Noah Thalmann. An American Jew of German descent, he spoke French slowly and in a thick American accent. Thalmann had isolated himself from the world, spending most of his time smoking heroin and playing video games on his computer in an underground bunker. I sometimes wonder why he bothered coming to France.

    I hoped the Emperor would allow the United Kingdom a chance to recover, as a French Empire with no competition at all would simply get boring. But he did listen to Thalmann, in spite of all logic. "Good thinking, Epsilon. I do believe that the continued presence of a hostile Britain near France is detrimental to my overall goal of expanding the power of France. The conquest of Britain will be too difficult, so the complete removal of the British people will be possible in just a few minutes". He sounded almost excited, "Zeta, get me the black box". He then did clicked on some tabs on his laptop.

    I dragged the black box from the end of the table toward my Emperor. I would never again have another chance to do this.

    "Thank you for your service, Zeta".

    He pressed some buttons and looked at his computer for a few seconds. The screen flashed white for a second, and I peered over and saw London, Manchester, Carlisle, Newcastle, Bristol, Cardiff all labeled in red. These were the cities chosen to be destroyed, and I assume the surrounding area would also be destroyed.

    His voice was only a little saddened, "Goodbye, my friends".

    I knew that we had destroyed an entire nation in those seconds. I must confess that I had a strong urge to pull out my TT-30 pistol and shoot myself, but I did not. I just wanted to see what would happen, I cared not for the suffering inflicted in the process.

    "Good work, everyone. With the destruction of England now achieved, the meeting is now adjourned. We all must exit the situation room," said the Emperor, gliding to the exit in a rather whimsical manner for someone who just committed genocide against an entire country.

    As we all got up and left, Thalmann looked at me and said, "Did you really just nuke Britain?" "

    I nodded.

    He said to me in English, "Aren't you gonna get radiation poisoning and shit, since the wind blows to the east in the Channel? Well that's not my problem, since I'll probs OD before then, ah fuck you!"

    My pupils broadened and I felt seriously concerned for the first time today. I do not know how serious he intended to be when he made that remark, but Thalmann had mentioned a real issue, as most of the Netherlands and Rhineland were still farmland at this time.

    I responded, "Couldn't we just import crops from Mexico or the Confederacy?"

    "That is, if you dumbasses doesn't nuke them on a whim too!"

    "Dumbass has a point!" I reluctantly replied.

    We all took the remainder of the elevator ride to street level in silence. I pondered on how history would remember my actions. I assumed the French people would remember me positively and everyone else would hate me.

    Excerpt from The Murder of Britain: My Experience by George W. M. Reynolds

    The War of the Eighth Coalition was humiliating only to the government. Although our mighty industrial strength and navy had been turned to shreds before devilish concoctions, there was little the average resident of Oxford had to care. The next attack that France conducted upon the United Kingdom, the British Ethnocide, was the most brutal and cowardly action ever conducted in the history of mankind. Without even risking their own men, France turned to the devil to wipe out our nation for them. White lit up the sky as ten million British men, women and children died on New Years' Day 1878, with ten million more to come in the next few years, and four million emigrated. Corpses laid on every street, with their skin peeling off and bone fragments showing. Some of them were visibly burnt, while others appeared to have no visible external damage. I could not tell whether any of them were man or women, or even human. Bands of raiders swept through the land, eating anything they could find, grass, leaves, leather clothing or even human corpses. Our doctors, who once considered themselves to be the best in the world, had no viable response. Crops refused to grow anymore, and people starved to death. I can attribute many of the deaths due to the simple fact that people did not know the consequences of radiation gas, and they kept living in Britain after the mass destruction instead of leaving to wherever they could.

    It is an unlikely coincidence that I happened to survive the ethnocide, when it was a real possibility that I could have died then. I fear that the radiation gas will get to me within a year, regardless. I believe that, aside from simply blaming the devil, the cause of the war was competition between aristocratic monarchies for prestige and influence, a competition that oftentimes exceeds reasonable limits. Authoritarian monarchies seeking to expand are the root cause of most wars. Is it not true that social hierarchies and difficulties of the British throne dissociate the ruling class from the reality of war? Now, there is no longer any ruling class, but I can only hope that the next British government, if there ever is one established, is firmly Republican and does away with the elitist sentiment which caused the thousand-year struggle with France which ultimately ended in our near-eradication as a people. If we had stable Republican regimes on both sides of the Channel, we would never need atomic weapons. I do fully blame France for initiating this surprise attack, and proceeding to occupy Gibraltar, Malta, the Ionian Islands and the Channel Islands, and I never intend to reconcile with France.

    I only hope that the world reforms from learning about this tragedy, and never uses atomic weapons again.


    Excerpt from Biography of Emperor Napoleon IV published in Encyclopædia Britannica

    After the British Genocide, Napoleon IV quickly occupied several British colonies outside the Home Islands, those being the Channel Islands, Hong Kong, Malta, Aden, Brunei, Guiana, Gibraltar, British West Africa and the remainder of British Caribbean. The Confederate States occupied the Bahamas, Bermuda and Jamaica. Australia, Western Australia, Columbia, New Zealand and South Africa all declared independence under white colonial governors, while the Raj collapsed and the Indian Wars began. The use of atomic weapons would prove troubling to some parts of French society which were Anglophilic, marking the beginning of the French Resistance, but the most severe impact only came near his death, when radiation poisoning of crops spread to the Continent and caused starvation within France.

    Next, he look toward Portugal, and sent in a small invasion force toward Lisbon, hoping to remove the last remaining Continental ally of Britain. Portugal, seeing the fate of the United Kingdom, did not even put up a token resistance, and allowed the French soldiers in voluntarily. French paratroopers also landed in Luanda, Bissau and Stone Town, where the local garrisons were quickly overwhelmed. Fontes Pereira de Melo was forced at gunpoint to sign the French-Portuguese Treaty of Mutual Cooperation, which ceded Portuguese Africa, Timor and Macau to France, permitted the establishment of military bases in Portugal, forced Portugal into an alliance with France, prevented Portugal from having any alliances or signing any treaties without prior French approval. Pereira de Melo, like his Dutch and Belgian counterparts, is seen as a tragic figure who was at the wrong place at the wrong and was incapable of any action. Isolated guerilla resistance occurred sporadically for the next few years.

    Napoleon IV then turned his attention to Tunisia, where he sent 700 paratroopers to the residence of the Tunis court. The paratroopers came as an absolute surprise to the Tunisians, who had never seen soldiers armed with assault rifles nor aircraft. Having heard rumours about Britain, many fled in panic instantly and refused to fight. Muhammad III as-Sadiq agreed to the Treaty of Bardo, which gave France responsibility for the defence and foreign policy decisions of Tunisia. Italy, which believed Tunisia to belong to them, began to distrust French intentions and only reluctantly cooperated with France from then on.



    Confederate Nuclear Speech by President Joseph E. Johnston

    Two hours ago, in the Arizona Territory, a Confederate Air Force B-52 plane dropped an atomic bomb in the desert. It made a big boom, very strong noise. Very powerful, believe me. Now, I know some people whole came to watch it, personally I wouldn't advise you to.

    The Confederate States of America has developed one of the most important weapons in the history of mankind. Using the strength of our educated scientists and vast natural resources, the Confederate States of America now possesses a nuclear bomb. This bomb is not to be taken in humor. This bomb can destroy entire nations.

    Let there be no mistake; if the Yankees or the negroes come again, we shall completely destroy their power to make war. We are harnessing the basic power of the universe to an unprecedented destructive potential. The Confederacy now must particapte on the world stage as a powerful nation. This is a great turning point in our country's history, and we will take full advantage of the opportunity.

    The Confederacy will prosper with God as our Defender!

    Excerpt from The Franco-Italian War by Jeremih Parker

    The decision to invade Italy seems almost bizarre, considering the help that the French Empire had previously provided to Italy in unifying. However, the Italian government’s decision to dispute French control in Malta and Tunisia, and French unwillingness to see any nation develop to an equal standard and end up as a colonial competitor as well as Napoleon IV wanting to imitate the conquests of his great uncle which included northern Italy, contributed to resentment between France and Italy.

    Napoleon IV contacted Franz Josef of the Austrian Empire with an offer to reclaim Lombardy-Venetia. Seeing from the success of the last war, where he cooperated with France against Prussia to gain Silesia, he completely agreed, and the Austrians mobilised quickly along the Italian border.

    France embargoed Italy and deprived it of technical support and spare parts for a month, allegedly in response to Italian claims to Malta. On December 27, 1878, the French Air Force began bombing Italian military bases and in a week the French Army drove from Rome to Pescara, effectively splitting Italy in half.

    On January 6, 1879 French paratroopers and naval units landed in Palmero and conquered the city in three weeks. They drove south and remaining Sicilian forces surrendered on February 28, 1879. The invasion of Piedmont proceeded rapidly, as artillery and air bombardment weakened defences. The Italian civilians frequently joined in the fight and actively assisted the Italian Army. Mustard gas was used during the Battle of Turin. At the same time, a landing on Naples was attempted.

    On August 25, 1879 Florence, the Italian capital, surrendered and opened to a peace discussion. Lombardy-Venetia was ceded to Austria, Sardinia, Piedmont and surrounding areas were ceded to France and the Two Sicilies was recreated. Napoleon IV proclaimed himself king of the rump Kingdom of Italy, with its capital in Pescera.

    This war would be a warning for France not to spread its technology, because it began to fear that its weapons would be used against them. Although the conquest was eventually successful, it lowered the sense of invincibility that France felt. Lower intensity guerilla war in the Alps continued for years to come.

    Excerpt from History of North America by William Dewitt

    The Confederate States

    The Confederacy was born with a number of disadvantages. Its farms, road and rail infrastructure were destroyed and most of the slaves had been killed or escaped. The border states of Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware were still in Union hands. The prevailing feeling, in spite of what the government said, was that secession was a costly mistake that only benefited the rich.

    In spite of this, the Confederates had a large educated population that was able to successfully establish new manufacturing industries. French technical details were provided to the Confederates and reconstruction went along smoothly. With improvements in medicine, agriculture and public sanitation, the life expectancy for white people increased from 40 in 1860 to 65 in 1870, while the life expectancy of slaves increased slightly from 22 in 1860 to 28 in 1870.

    Large numbers of white immigrants began arriving to the Confederacy. Overall, 2,000,000 arrived in this period, primarily from Germany and the United Kingdom. Most were displaced from French Wars in Europe. Confederate advertising in Europe focused on the greater standards of living and new opportunities available. The new immigrants helped to boost the number of whites against the blacks, and by 1880 the Confederacy and Union had equal population.

    Slavery lessened over time as machines made agriculture by hand cost-prohibitive, and in modern factories it was cheaper to pay negligible wages to freedmen then to keep slaves in captivity and pay for their shelter and food too. Slavery was gradually restricted to small farmers. However, free black people had no legal rights as they were not citizens of the Confederate States nor were they allowed to testify in court. Many free blacks were arrested without trial and executed on suspicion of conspiracy to overthrow the government of the Confederacy, while others were lynched by angry white mobs, to which the government did not take action. Prejudices caused mass immigration of free blacks from the Confederacy to the United States, and to a lesser extent, Canada and the Bahamas.

    In 1870, Robert Lee suffered a stroke while in office, but was rushed to a hospital quickly and survived. He ran for another term in 1871, gaining 80% of the vote running against P. G. T. Beauregard, another Confederate general, for improving the economic situation of the south and continuing to discriminate against black people. In his second term, he massively increased military expenditure, increasing training for pilot, tank and mechanic crews and implementing mandatory military service of 9 months for white male citizens between the ages of 19 and 45, while allowing black males to voluntarily join. A Southern Ballistic Missile Defence System was created, to prevent incoming missiles or aircraft from arriving. Additionally, the Confederates began mining for uranium in Alta Mesa, Brooks County, Texas, starting the Confederate Atomic Project.

    In 1876, Lee declared that he was retiring due to age, and would not run in the next election. The 1876 election, just like prior election, was between various officers who fought in the independence War. Of these, Robert H. Anderson and his running mate P. G. T. Beauregard ran on "reconciliation plan" wanting to completely reconcile with the United States and bring friendly relations and trade to bring long-term prosperity as "the North and South have more in common than differences", Leonidas Polk ran on an abolitionist platform and Joseph E. Johnston and his running mate Gustavus Woodson Smith wanted to "regain Southern honour" by retaking the border states. Ultimately, Johnston won with 60% of the vote.

    A month after his inauguration the Confederacy amassed troops along the American borders, threatening escalation to a full war, causing widespread panic. Grant, also an Independence War veteran, called for peace and negotiation. Johnston ignored these requests and attacked anyway on December 15, 1876, using air superiority to destroying the minute American army and navy on the ground. The Confederate soldiers were very motivated by their idea of Southern nationalism, while the Northerners felt the effects of starvation and helplessness to the superior technology of the south. Confederate soldiers entered Jefferson City on December 25, and by January 31, 1877, after the capture of Delaware, Washington D.C. surrendered again. Grant was forced to sign a ceasefire, ceding Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware and Washington D.C. to the Confederate States. Grant moved the "provisional capital" to New York City, and called the ceasefire, "the greatest travesty and humiliation ever issued upon our nation."

    Collective suicide and desertion became common as blacks feared the arrival of Confederate forces. Many American soldiers and officers, who were completely aware that nothing the United States could do would allow them to defeat the Confederates, deserted their posts and fled. Missouri, Maryland, and Kentucky were all made states of the Confederacy, with pro-Confederate governors and legislatures were appointed, often men from those states who fought in the Independence War such William Quantrill as Governor of Missouri, while Delaware was made a territory due to a lack of any public support for joining the Confederacy as a state. Washington D.C. was ceded to Maryland and West Virginia was annexed by Virginia as part of its historic territory.

    After presiding over a triumphant military parade in Washington, D.C., Johnston tested a nuclear weapon in Confederate Arizona in 1878, making it the second nation to do so. The degree of French assistance in developing it is uncertain, as Johnston claimed that it was entirely a Confederate invention. His popularity rapidly exploded after he annexed the Bahamas, Jamaica and Bermuda from a weakened Britain after France nuked Britain. ...


    The United States

    After Lincoln's suicide, Andrew Johnson became President of the United States. In contrast to Lincoln, he held strong opposition to federally guaranteed rights for free blacks in the North, refusing to protect former slaves. His presidency was dominated by the catastrophic aftermath of the war, where he had to administer the repair of much infrastructure which had been bombed by the French during the war. After firing Edward Stanton as Secretary of War, he was impeached for violating the Tenure of Office act. Because the majority of the government and public disagreed with his position toward the South, he was impeached, placing president pro tempore of the United States Senate, Benjamin Wade, as President of the United States.

    Benjamin Wade held progressive views, favoring women's suffrage, trade union rights, and equality for African-Americans. Modern historians believe he was simply ahead of his time. He infamously stated in his inaugural address, "no peace with the Confederacy, no recognition of the Confederacy, no negotiations with it..." In his brief term in office, he passed the Civil Rights Act of 1868, giving black people equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation and prohibiting exclusion from jury service, while reaffirming their ability to run for office. He failed to get Congress to act on trade unions or female suffrage, and did not run for a second term in 1869.

    Ulysses Grant was elected with 80% of the vote over Horatio Seymour. Grant was famous for his service in "War of Southern Secession", where he cornered the South before the French intervened. As President, he reaffirmed black citizenship and civil rights, prosecuted the Confederate irredentists in Missouri and Kentucky, tried to have peace with native Americans while improving the economy. In spite of the American refusal to officially recognise the Confederacy, its trade vastly boosted the economies of both countries, as natural resources were given to the Confederacy in exchange for manufactured products and designs. The trade propelled the economy into success, giving Grant three terms. Grant's second term saw the founding of the
    United States Army Air Corps, a section of the United States Army which flew airplanes based on technology leaked from the Confederacy.

    Grant's third term, however, would be a tremendous disaster. The millions of Union soldiers stationed on the Confederate border would be destroyed like paper to a fire when the Confederates, who were able to supply all their men with automatic rifles, moved into Maryland and surrounded Washington D.C. within a week. With heavy bombardment destroying most buildings in Washington D.C, including the Capitol and the White House, and all Union armies being destroyed upon contact with the Confederates, Grant had no possibility to fight on and offered a ceasefire. He reluctantly moved to New York City, and ran the country from there until his shameful resignation on 30 April, 1879, which ceded the Presidency to Allen Thurman, President pro Tempore of the Senate.

    Thurman never accepted the right of a state to secede. Despite having encouraged compromise and a political settlement, he grew to detest the expansion of the Confederacy once it destroyed and annexed Washington D.C. He quickly began rebuilding the American military, and improving the conditions of black people throughout the country.

    Transcript of Conversation in Paris Situation Room, 1880

    static followed by light tapping on glass

    Napoleon IV: Can you hear me?

    Alexander II: Yes, and I do believe this magical device is awe-inspiring

    Napoleon IV: To go over my country's inventions, unfortunately, is not why I have contacted your nations today. I must discuss with urgency that the French Empire intends on embarking a war against the Turkish Empire with the intention of securing control over the Levant, and that we are willing to accommodate ceding to Persia, Russia, Austria, Greece, Serbia and Romania the administration various sections of the Turkish Empire.

    Baron Heinrich Karl von Haymerle: The Emperor support the view that the provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall be occupied and administered by Austria, and he is willing to initiate a war to establish control.

    Alexander II: Had your father not signed the Treaty of Paris in 1856? Had you not refused to allow us to attack the Turkish Empire just two years ago when the Bulgarians were rising? I find your change of position utterly confusing.

    Napoleon IV: As the dominant power on Earth, we could not afford to set the precedent that any nation could invade another without our approval. Besides, as you know, we were distracted by Italy. Now that France has decisively defeated Italy and its hostile neighbours, we can now focus on the Mediterranean. The Suez Canal is our ultimate prize, which will allow us to connect with the East Indies and Indochina and import their natural resources in a more efficient manner, and the Levant will allow us greater control of the Mediterranean coast. All foreign armies will be received as liberators by the Christian community, which has been subject to immense repression for centuries by Turkish authorities. My plan is to provide Bosnia and Herzogovina to Austria, Bukovina and Armenia to Russia, Greek-speaking territories to Greece, Romanian-speaking territories to Romania, Mesopotamia to Persia, Serbian-speaking territories to Serbia, independence for the Kurds and the Albanians, Libya, Egypt, Qatar, Mount Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus and Constantinople to France. The Turkish Empire will be disarmed and confined to the mountains. I believe this proposal with satisfy all parties involved. I also do believe that you must accept this offer, as if word gets out that you refused, then your people will all demonstrate anger at the missed opportunity.

    Alexander II: I object. I do not believe France has any claim to the city of Constantinople, historical or otherwise.

    Napoleon IV: The strategic situation requires that France hold all entrances to the Mediterranean Sea.

    Alexander II: I disagree.

    Napoleon IV: Enough is enough. You have stated a claim, but you cannot enforce it. We have been kind enough to allow you to take Armenia already. Do not provoke any further anger, or there will be consequences.

    pause

    Napoleon IV: Are there any other concerns?

    Nassereddin Shah Qajar: What are the boundaries of 'Mesopotamia'?

    Napoleon IV: I do not have a map with me at this moment, but I can tell you that Mesopotamia includes the historic territory of the ancient Persian Empire, now inhabited by Sunni and Shia Arabs. It is somewhere around Tigris–Euphrates river system

    Nassereddin Shah Qajar: This will suffice, thank you.

    Napoleon IV: And that concludes today's Skype call. I can assure you that annexing these land will make you very popular among your people and cause any disruptions to cease, and that the Turkish Empire is a declining state which cannot adequately provide for its people the proper civilisation. I am glad to have had this opportunity to negotiate a suitable arrangement for its replacement.

    Excerpt from A History of the Ottoman Empire by Douglas A. Howard

    The Ottoman Empire had long been the "sick man of Europe", because its grip on the Balkans had been diminishing for centuries. It had barely defeated a small Bulgarian peasant revolt in 1878 when all European great powers turned on it during its period of civil strife. On January 15, 1880, a series of nuclear weapons were detonated in a surprise attack over Anatolia, targeting Antalya, Angora and Samsun, sending a clear message that France held an advantageous technological position over the Ottoman Empire. At the same, France bombed Ottoman army and navy bases and French shipments of advanced small arms, tanks and planes began arriving in Greece and Persia. Despite this, Abdul Hamid II, widely respected by the Turkish people, continued to resist. French paratroopers landed in Constantinople on the 20th, facing intense resistance. Armored columns carefully moved through the rubble transporting infantry deeper into the city where they faced snipers, and illusive hit and run attacks. Frustrated at their casualties and the civilians noncompliance to the government's demands for information, French soldiers largely resorted to killing any male who was able to hold a gun rather than take the harder task of finding the rebels among the civilians. Notably, the Greek and Armenian minorities in Constantinople actively provided directions and assistance to French forces. The capital of the Ottoman Empire fell on February 15, 1880, a month after the war had begun. Assaults on the Persian border met with failure as the Persians lacked the ability to supply their army, while the Greeks and Russians took small border territories.

    Abdul Hamid II was captured in Bursa while hiding underground, and he was forced to sign the Treaty of Constantinople, which allowed him to remain in power of a rump Ottoman Empire, weak and isolated in the mountains, but ceded almost all Ottoman land. Specifically, Libya, Egypt, Qatar, The Levant, south-east Anatolia and Cyprus went to France, Thrace, Rhodes, Northern Epirus, Crete and southern Macedonia to Greece, Armenia and Bukovina to Russia, Bosnia to Austria, Mesopotamia and Kuwait to Persia, Macedonia was split between Serbia and Bulgaria finally Kurdistan, Bulgaria and Macedonia became independent.

    Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt, an Ottoman vassal state, had shown a desire for autonomy and did not consent to the presence of French soldiers in Egypt. His rule was increasingly unpopular with time, as the disaffection in the Egyptian army was increasing. During the Franco-Ottoman War, he surrendered within two weeks of the French landing at Cairo and replaced with Hussein Kamel, who was appointed Sultan of Egypt by the French, and agreed to the French offer of protection and ceded the Suez Canal to France in exchange for gaining Palestine from the Ottoman Empire.



    Excerpt from The Second French Empire published in Encyclopædia Britannica

    Since the Roman Empire, no single state ever dominated Europe. Multipolarity traditionally had afforded the British the ability to play off one power against the other, which they did at times with consummate skill. When Spain grew too strong, Britain allied with France, and when France grew too strong, Britain allied with Spain. However, the hyperdevelopment of France, starting in 1864, was so sudden and unexpected that France was able to annihilate Britain and all its regional rivals before they could touch it. Under the reign of Emperor Napoleon III, France quickly conquered Mexico, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Luxembourg and South Germany, carved out the Confederacy from the United States, coerced Tunisia and Portugal into becoming protectorates, used nuclear weapons to destroy the British Empire and his son Napoleon IV continued the trend by annexing most of Italy and carving out Sicily as a puppet state.

    Napoleon IV proceeded to force Colombia to cede Panama by threatening to use nuclear weapons against Columbian cities. The Panama Canal was then built by the French government from 1880-1884. Napoleon IV, wanting to "succeed where Bonaparte failed", had designs on Egypt, where Napoleon I failed and had to retreat. He got together Russia, Persia, Austria, Greece, Serbia and Romania to form an Anti-Turkish coalition in order to completely disband the Ottoman Empire. This coalition completely succeeded, and the Suez Canal, which had previously been under Egyptian administration, became French, along with Mount Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus and Constantinople, while Libya, Egypt and Qatar became French protectorates. This set the stage for French gains in Africa, which encompassed almost the entire continent. Despite seeming to have impressive size when viewed on a map, it is important to note that, in general, only along the relatively flat terrain of the coast had French control really been established, as many nomadic tribes continued their way of life regardless of the French occupation.


    Transcript of Speech of the People by Jaroslav Dombrowski

    Citizens!

    Enough of militarism, no more general staff with braid and gilding on their uniforms! Make way for the People, for fighters with bare arms! The people, not only of France, but of the world, must depose all monarchist bourgeois regimes which have caused so much death and pain and divided the working class among each other for their selfish gain. If you desire that the sacrifices you made to survive were not in vain, then you must make the Emperor pay for his crimes. If you want an end to the carnage in Turkey and Africa, if you want adequate bread for your family, you will support the revolution!

    If you want to live in a France that is free and where all are equal; if you want to spare your children from your pain and misery; you will rise up like one man- and because of your formidable resistance, the enemy, who proudly imagines he will put you back into your yoke. No more Emperors! No more hereditary positions! No more bourgeois national divisions! We are all common people with the common idea of establishing a society on communist principles.

    Citizens, your representatives will fight and die with you if needed; but, in the name of this glorious France, the mother of all popular revolutions, permanent home of the ideas of justice and solidarity which must be and will be the laws of the world, march at the enemy, and let your revolutionary energy show him that traitors can try to sell Paris, but that no one can surrender it or conquer it.

    The French Worker's Council requires the support of all - and you require the support of the French Worker's Council.

    Excerpt from Terror of the Second French Empire by Ethan Maritz

    The 1880's saw living standards dramatically fall and internal dissent rising at home, while France neglected to fix its internal issues and instead focus on excessive overseas expansion. France's new inventions, such as modern medicine, could no longer do anything about the symptoms radiation poisoning. This demonstrated to the people that their government was weak like any other, and did not have everything it promised. Then, starvation began to set in as harvests throughout Europe turned up empty as fallout from England shifted east due to the wind. Crops no longer grew, farmers no longer made a living and people began to starve. All of the "modern agricultural techniques" that the French Empire promised turned out to be useless. Only food from the Confederacy was available, but at a higher price and in lower supply.

    Thousands poured into the streets demanding that the Emperor help them, but all the only action taken was strict rationing. By some estimates, the population of Europe dropped by about 3 million people. A collapse in work discipline followed, as people no longer had an incentive to work. A rallying point for communist, republican and nationalist movements in the French Empire was that it could no longer provide enough resources for its people to survive, and spent all the resources it did have trying to create African colonies which would have no impact on the average Frenchmen. Many thousands of perceived opponents of the regime were arbitrarily tried, and large numbers were executed.

    A further shakeup took place in Dombrowski's Rebellion in 1881, caused by the introduction of rationing in Paris, was the first time that the French people had revolted against the Empire. Dombrowski led thousands of Parisians to loot stores, burn down houses and cause chaos in order to weaken the government. These Parisians were of all different political affiliations, including Bourbon monarchists, Republicans, Anarchists and Communists. The French government responded quickly and with overwhelming force, deploying tens of thousands of troops, flooding Paris until no place was left for the rebels to hide. This resulted in substantial civilian losses and although it was a military victory for the Empire, it precipitated the public support falling against it.


    Excerpt from The Second French Empire published in Encyclopædia Britannica

    The conquests of Africa from Morocco to Madagascar, were achieved only by placing a blanket of sarin gas on the continent. When French people had been starving and dying thanks to radiation poisoning from the excessive use of nuclear weapons against Britain, the French Empire did not take action, it instead further expanded, threatening to nuke China and Siam to force them to cede Hainan, Taiwan and Kouang-Tcheou-Wan and Laos and Cambodia, respectively. Slogans such as "Leave Africa, think about us!" and "No More Victims – For Peace" were common among French protestors, indicated that many wanted France to stop expanding and refocus on its internal issues. Despite this, other Frenchmen were still proud of the Empire and believed that personal sacrifices had to be made for France to be great. Many suspected of having anti-Imperial sentiments were arbitrarily arrested or executed and the records of the protests are scarce but they would leave a strong legacy in the national consciousness.
     
  3. mauriceq Well-Known Member

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    Excerpt from Terror of the Second French Empire by Ethan Maritz

    France expanded rapidly since the reign of Napoleon III, which added a large amount of ethnic minorities to the Empire. There were different attitudes toward these minorities, with the government making an effort to assimilate the "white Europeans", such as the Italians, Germans, Dutch, Swiss and Catalonians, by providing many social and economic benefits, while abusing and practically enslaving the Asians and Africans. Surprisingly, the European minorities did not revolt frequently, as they lacked the resources and many people thought they would gain more from following along with France than rebelling. The French people viewed imperialism as the fulfillment of a mission to bring civilization and Christianity to the pagans and it boasted of France's cultural superiority over everyone else. However, the riots in the 1880's caused a policy shift. In order to reduce the risk of future rebellions, Napoleon IV attempted to enforce French customs upon all of the French Empire. During his reign, the French language gained greater emphasis. In 1881, French became a required subject of study in every French school, and children who spoke other languages at school would be physically punished. However, the radio and television would prove more important in spreading French, as subject peoples felt that they could communicate with more people if they learned French.

    When Napoleon IV found out that a Dutchman betrayed the French Empire by nuking Caen, he enacted harsh retribution on the Dutch as a whole, and banned all Dutchmen from government offices. The killings were explained as being, "a necessary procedure to attack the British and American agents attempting to destroy the French Empire". In the pragmatic interest of securing his side of the English Channel, and believing that the Dutch were a liability, he undertook a campaign to kill the Dutch people from 1882-1885, which is now known by its Dutch name, "Catastrofe", or Catastrophe. Irrigation systems and dams, crucial to agriculture, were destroyed by aerial bombing, flooding Holland and intentionally aggravating the famine. Planes dropping toxic gasses would be sent in the middle of the night in order to kill the civilians while they were sleeping, and during the day soldiers would indiscriminately spray houses with machine gun fire. Armed groups of soldiers would surround houses of the survivors, and residents would be lined up and shot. Some tried to escape. Those who ran into the forests died from starvation or eating contaminated food, while those who attempted to swim or raft to the English Republic would also die from radiation poisoning. Of the 5,000,000 Dutch people who lived in Holland (including Flanders) in 1880, 500,000 remained in 1885, with 500,000 emigrated and 4,000,000 dead. Of the 10% of the population which remained, the majority suffered from disability, infertility or cancer, while proceeding generations developed genetic defects, making it impossible for them to reach adulthood and causing a gradual lowering of the population. Those who did arrive in the British Republic had nothing but the clothing on their backs and struggled to survive in the poor environment of post-apocalyptic England. The white South African Republics actively encouraged Dutch immigration with generous subsidies, in order to balance out the African population, while the Confederacy and United States received lesser amounts.

    The deportations established radical environmental changes. The use of nuclear and chemical weapons had so badly tainted the soil that no crops would grow anymore, in fact it is estimated that 10,000 years will pass before Holland is suitable for agriculture again. Despite the French government repeatedly offering to subsidise the movement of French citizens to Holland, none arrived, fearing radiation poisoning. Before the Catastrofe, French Holland was rapidly industrialising, considered the richest province of the French Empire, while even today the Netherlands remains underpopulated, a basket case where political violence disrupts everyday life, half the population depends on emergency aid to survive and average life expectancy is the lowest in the world.

    The Catastrofe was the final nail in the coffin for the moral legitimacy of the French Empire. While the French people had largely approved to the cruelty against Africans and Asians, they did not approve of their government taking action against fellow white Christians. Notably, Confederate President Joseph Johnston condemned "the senseless massacre of fellow Christians", signifying the first break in Franco-Confederate relations. In the aftermath, France became an increasingly more repressive police state, using new electronic technologies to monitor civilians suspected of disloyalty and executing them without due process. The French Empire only barely held onto power against the widespread dissidence and civil unrest.


    Excerpt from The South African Reader: History, Culture, Politics by Clifton Craig

    Following the dismantling of Britain, Prime Minister Molteno of the Cape Colony unilaterally declared independence on 1 February, 1878, declaring himself President of the Cape Republic and
    exiled British governor Henry Frere. Molteno had always detested that the colony was run primarily according to Britain's interests, rather than southern Africa's, and had previously demanded responsible government. Unusually for an African colony, Molteno balanced white and black desires carefully in order to retain his position, rather than surpressing the black people.

    In 1880, he declared that he would not seek another term, and that he would hold the first election in independent election in Cape Republic. Notably, these elections allowed any black or white man to vote, which had always been Molteno’a goal. Saul Solomo, who founded the South African Justice and Equality Party, promoted non-racialism, anti-imperialism and peaceful relations with all neighbouring states, competing with independent candidate Cecil Rhodes, who claimed British people were “the finest race”, advocated for suppression of Afrikaner and black voters and aggressive expansion north. Solomo won with 80% of the vote, including the entire black vote and most of the Afrikaner vote. Rhodes had 20% of the vote, almost entirely among Anglo settlers. President Solomon immediately occupied Natalia, a British settler colony which had been in a state of anarchy after the British left, and declared the South African Republic. Solomon made national defence a priority, enacting strict conscription and creating the South African Bureau of Defence which produced indigenous weapons designs. In his words, “South Africa should be a beacon of light in the dark world, a place where black and white are colors and nothing more. We will defend our biracial democracy against all enemies, foreign and domestic”.

    France and allowed Zulu to remain as an independent buffer state, while supporting the Afrikaner Republics unofficially. Despite all the speeches of Afrikaner leaders and the denunciation of France for massacring the Dutch, France covertly send thousands of guns and other armaments and supplies in order to help fight against the perceived threat of the black rebels.

    Excerpt from Imperial Russia: The Bear Awakens by Nicolas Thiemann

    Since playing a major role in the defeat of Napoleon, Russia had been regarded as militarily invincible, but, once opposed against a coalition of the great powers of Europe in the Crimean War of 1853, the reverses it suffered on land and sea exposed the decay and weakness of Emperor Nicholas' regime. In 1855 Alexander II began his reign as Tsar of Russia, presiding over a period of political and social reform beginning with the emancipation of 20 million serfs. Education of the peasant masses started on a vast scale, and with the assistance of French companies, Russian industrial growth was significant. New prospecting technologies such as reconnaissance aircraft and helicopters allowed deposits of mineral resources to be found. Rapid industrialization, which greatly expanded manufacturing capacity, especially in military industry. As a result, the Russian Empire was transformed from a largely agrarian economy into a great industrial power, eclipsing France's industry by 1885. An example of the sudden growth of Russia can be seen in Central Asia and Afghanistan, where the use of anti-insurgency aircraft and machine guns allowed a decisive defeat of the rebellious Islamic emirates, and in Alaska, where by 1860, the Russian government was ready to abandon the uninhabited territory, but a few years later, gold and oil were discovered, which propelled population growth to 58,000 as settlers rushed in.

    The relationship between the French and Russian Empires can be difficult to understand at times. Each nation regarded the other as a potential adversary as well as an economic partner. The Franco-Russian Convention of 1885 stablilised relations, and resolved lingering tensions. France and Russia discussed splitting Iran into two zones, with France having concessions in Mesopotamia and along the coastline, while Russia gained the north. They agreed to retain Nassereddin Shah Qajar as leader of a stable puppet government that submitted to foreign concessions and worked well with their imperialist goals. They also agreed that Kurdistan and the remnant of the Ottoman Empire would remain as buffer states, while Russia would recognise the French claim to Constantinople and not interfere with the internal affairs of the Austrian Empire, Africa, nor India in exchange for a free hand in Afghanistan and China. This agreement, combined with the French expedition to Japan, effectively divided Asia into French and Russian spheres of influence.

    The policy of granting concessions to Russia allowed Russia to strengthen immensely. In 1870, Russia completed the Trans-Siberian railway, forming a rail connection from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok, and 1887, Russia conducted its first nuclear test, becoming the world's third nuclear weapons power, after France and the Confederacy, shocking the entire world, and in 1889 it launched its first artificial satellite, Akademii-1. Despite having prior warning from his intelligence services, Napoleon IV was taken by surprise and denounced Russia for its, "betrayal of the peaceful transfer of technology for the intended purpose of industrialisation." Napoleon IV prohibited the exportation of modern French armaments the following year, but it proved too little, too late, as billions of French weapons had spread throughout the world. They remained trapped in a sort of "static confrontation" against the Russian Empire, as neither of them sought to fully destroy each other, but both sought to undermine each other's sphere of influence by supporting independence movements in each other's territories, with France supporting the Poles and Russia supporting the Africans.

    Excerpt from Western Australia: Harry Ord's Nation by Nicolas Thiemann

    The Independent State of Western Australia was formed in the most dire circumstances. The population was entirely concentrated in Perth, with scattered rural communities elsewhere. Western Australia was isolated by the desert separating it from the eastern coast of Australia, where most of the Australian population lived. However, it is also commonly believed that Harry Ord, a British colonial administrator, declared independence in order to secure his own political power in the territory, believing that he would have more influence over an independent Western Australia than as governor of an Australian province. Whatever the case may be, the Independent State of Western Australia was declared on 4 August, 1878, after the British Isles had been destroyed by a French nuclear attack. Ord declared that Western Australia would "remain loyal to our deceased fathers and mothers", and kept the symbolism with the British Ensign in the corner of the Western Australian flag.

    Western Australia saw surprising economic development after its independence, with wool and mining becoming dominant industries. Western Australia encouraged white immigration, in order to increase the population. After a railway line connecting the west coast to the east coast was completed in 1880, with French help, the influx of miners from eastern Australia increased the interaction between both sides. Many began to realise the common history, language and culture between the two sides of Australia, and pushed for unification. Ord, however, still refused, stating that Western Australians would be discriminated against by the more populous states. He responded to the Australian Unification Movement harshly, imprisoning the intellectual and social elite out of fear that they might support Australian unification, as well as suppressed local cultural expression by native Australians. Ultimately, he died in Perth on 20 February, 1885, to be followed by his chosen successor, William C. F. Robinson, who held a referendum on annexation, which saw roughly 70% of people vote for independence, and 30% vote for union. Robinson allowed greater social rights, freeing political prisoners and eventually held free elections in 1896, resigning. He is now known for being an "Australian Cincinnatus", who did good things with his position of virtually unlimited political power.

    Ord's legacy has been the target of heated debates because of the different views held about him. The Unionist view, held by United Australia and the Australian White Party, is that he was a "rogue Briton" who illegally declared independence with the intent of selfishly expanding his political power within Western Australia, created an obsessive cult of personality and denied the Western Australians a chance for democracy. The Secessionist view is that he lead Western Australia into independence, he openly encouraged immigration and economic prosperity.

    Transcript of a class presentation, Dollar Academy, Republic of Scotland

    Mr. Dennison: William and Samvel, your group is next to present about The Caucasus in the War of 1889

    William: Ok

    walks to the front of the class and draws a stickman on the chalkboard

    William: Ok guys, so who knows who this guy is?

    pause

    William: This right here is Alimardan Topchubashov, who fought alongside Persia and France during their invasion of Russia in the hope of creating an independent Azerbaijan.

    William: A little context, during the Franco-Russian War of 1889, France used a bunch of nuclear weapons and destroyed the Russian economy and most of its population it what it claimed to be a "pre-emptive attack", thus opening the door to various independence groups to take over. It is important to note that although the war was declared by France, the majority of forces fighting against the Russian Empire actually came from hostile minorities within the Russian Empire, and that most "French" soldiers would actually have been from Africa. Anyway, after France overran the Russian concessions in Persia, it moved north into Baku with the intent of securing the oil. They received a warm welcome initially, with many Azeris even handing out flowers to French soldiers. They found strong support for the creation of the French Azeri Legion, which was perceived by many in Azerbaijan as a step towards the attainment of Azeri independence and attracted many volunteers.

    Samvel: Just a few days after the war began, my great grandfather, who lived in Baku, obtained a refugee visa when he went to then-neutral Kurdistan, and then paid for a flight to Scotland, which is why I am here today. However, not all families could were lucky enough to afford a flight abroad, with most remaining internally displaced and suffering from starvation, disease and war. The French Azeri Legion was responsible for numerous massacres against the Armenian people of Azerbaijan, displacing or slaughtering almost the entire Armenian population. In particular, the majority-Armenian Vararakn was left depopulated. In addition, the Ottoman Army, which conducted an invasion of Armenia simultaneous with France and Persia, also slaughtered most Armenians, accusing them of having cooperated with the Russians. The conditions of Armenians was undoubtedly harsh, and repression and genocide continued after the war with their territory divided between the Ottoman Empire and Azerbaijan

    Amir: Is not true that Russia and Armenia ethnically cleansed the Turks during the invasion of Turkey in 1880?

    Mr. Dennison: Child, let us not get too distracted here. That is not the point here.

    William: What Samwel said is all true, unfortunately. The Armenians sided with the Russian Empire, which lost the war, and thus had no protection from atrocities. It is even more unfortunate that the Azeris had been slaughtering Armenians often of their own initiative, without consulting France. Most Armenians actually feared the collaborators more than the French or Persian Armies, because the collaborators knew the terrain and the difference between Azeri and Armenian civilians. This is all very sad.

    pause

    Samvel: After Russia surrendered in 1890, Alimardan Topchubashov, the former commander of the French Azeri Legion, was appointed President of the Independent Azeri State, which in fact was a French protectorate. President Topchubashov would remain in office for the rest of his life, which was thirty years after the Imperial French Army left. The economy of Azerbajian was mostly based on oil and agricultural exports, and quickly modernised after its independence. The political opposition was subjected to persecution, and military generals were frequently imprisoned on alleged charges of treason. For a guy who was only in office because of a foreign invasion, he was very paranoid about Persia, Turkey or Russia coming in again, and had peacetime conscription of all adult men and women for 6 months and constructed elaborate border defenses. Today, he is remembered as a national hero in Azerbaijan for achieving independence, despite his harsh and brutal rule. Azerbaijan is the only country where Napoleon IV has any sort of positive reputation at all, where there are statues of him still displayed outside. Does anyone have any questions?

    Mr. Dennison: If you don't mind me telling my story, I will tell you that one time, when I visited Baku, they had a restaurant called Napoleon IV Cuisine. I told them, 'how can you have a restaurant named after the guy that killed about a hundred million people?' They said, 'He had strong and stable leadership, he killed the Russians and their Armenian puppets, and expedited our independence. He freed our people.' I found that conversation absolutely insane, as someone who knows the brutality of the Napoleonic monarchy, that there are people alive today who admire them is absolutely sick.

    Samvel: Any other question?

    John: What's it like in Azerbaijan today?

    Samvel: Today, I think they still hold onto the racist mentalities that began the war. However, if you come as a tourist and don't do anything moronic, there should be no problems. It's a democracy in name only, but at least it is stable.

    John: Ok

    Mr. Dennison: Thank you for presenting. Your group may be seated now, and you will receive a grade in a few weeks.

    Excerpt from Wrestling a Bear by Jordan Paulson

    If there ever was a war that defined the term, "pyrrhic victory", the Second French Invasion of Russia would be it. At the cost of a million military casualties, France defeated the Russian Empire, a nation which it had previously built up as its ally. After defeating Russia, France's internal situation only worsened due to the cost of the war and the fact that the public was fatigued, imperial conquests could no longer make them happy with the government, instead they were seen as a massive waste of lives and effort. Ultimately, the Second French Invasion of Russia allowed the French opposition to the monarchy to unite under a common cause...

    In 1889, when the Russian Empire acquired nuclear weapons, Napoleon IV was startled and ordered his allies to cooperate in an invasion of Russia. Japan and Austria joined, both of which were monarchies which industrialised with immense French aid. France launched surprise nuclear attacks on Minsk, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tsaritsyn, Novgorod, Irkutsk and Perm, and invaded Russian Persia in tandem with Austrian invasion of Poland and Ukraine, and Japanese invasion of Sakhalin, Kuriles and Vladivostok. French Constantinople was closed to Russian transit, along with blockades on the Baltic Sea by France and on the Russian Pacific coast by Japan. Despite having lost contact with the Emperor, who was presumed killed in action, Russian army fragments continued to fight. France recruited the support of ethnic minorities, promising Finnish independence in exchange for support against Russia, which attracted many volunteers, as well as in Azerbaijan, Afghanistan and Central Asia, where local Muslims eagerly volunteered to fight against the Russian occupation. France conducted a naval landing at Helsinki in June 1889, and invaded southern Russia from Persia n August 1889.

    The campaigns in southern Russia were extremely brutal, with starvation and heat sickness often proving more deadly than enemy fire. Because of the small size of the French population, France began recruiting soldiers in its colonies, promising full French citizenship to the descendants of those killed in battle. About a million Africans and Indonesians served in the War of 1889, they were assigned to the occupation of Central Asia, where it was assumed that being fellow Muslims would endear them to the locals. However, they often proved even more vulnerable than French soldiers, because commanders often provided them with the inferior weaponry and rations and they did not have any particular motivation to fight.

    Ultimately, the war was won not from decisive battle against Russia, but from starvation and nuclear weapons. The Imperial Russian Army, without an emperor, often resorted to cannibalism and theft to get supplies. General Aleksey Kuropatkin, after having half his army desert while moving to confront the French in Turkestan, surrendered in 1890, marking the end of organised Russian resistance.

    In the following peace, termed the "Peace of Dushanbe", Russia was forced to make enormous concessions, and had to renounce its right forever to produce or use nuclear weapons. Persia and Azerbaijan (including the part of Armenia which was Russian prior to the 1880 war) became French protectorates, Poland became an Austrian protectorate, Alaska, Ukraine, Lithuania, Afghanistan, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Turkestan became independent states, Turkey annexed the remainder of Armenia and Japan annexed Sakhalin, Kuriles and Vladivostok. Karelia was given to Finland and parts of Afghanistan were given to Persia as a reward for their cooperation during the war. Russia fell into a prolonged period of anarchy and starvation, with a decades-long civil war ensuing and local warlords and tribes dominating the Siberian tundra.

    Excerpt from A Brief History of the White Revolution by Johann Thomson

    The proclamation of a "beacon of hope" inspired many settlers to arrive in South Africa. The wars breaking out across Europe and Asia, as well as rampant starvation, persecution and unemployment under the French Empire displaced many, and the discovery and exploitation of gold and diamonds in the 1880s led to a period of unprecedented prosperity and growth. It is estimated that the percent of whites increased from 20% in 1880 to 30% to 1890. However, this massive immigration created huge disparities in wealth between the largely European capitalists and the Indian and black work force. The blacks, who had lived in nomadic tribes for millennia, felt immensely threatened, and began forming their own militias, such as the Black Unity Movement, which tried and failed to overthrow the new republic in 1884, and later began to impede settlement and regularly harassed white villages. In response, the whites, led by Cecil Rhodes, formed the White Coalition, a broad coalition of parties dedicated to ensuring white power at the expense of all ethnic minorities. Both parties, as well as parties supporting the republic, built militia that engaged in increasingly violent street battles. Strikes and rebellions against the government were bloodily suppressed.

    South Africa began to fail to live up to its promises to support the new immigrants, as most of them remained poor and disillusioned by the rampant crime, overpopulation, corruption, low wages and police brutality. The 1885 elections were boycotted by the whites, who, in the words of Charles Coghlan, "could not stand in the same line as the barbaric negroes, let alone be governed by them". This resulted in a landslide victory for the South African Justice and Equality Party, led by Nicolaas Waterboer, a community leader of the Griqua. Refusing to accept the legitimacy of the election, armed members of the White Coalition quickly assembled on Greenmarket Square, demanding that a new election be held without black voters. Saul Solomon refused, marking the beginning of the White Revolution.

    As the protests grew over the day Saul Solomon ordered his soldiers, mostly white, to fire on the protesters only for those soldiers to defect and join the protestors. Realizing that his position was untenable, Solomon quickly fled to Canada to obtain political asylum. Cecil Rhodes declared himself Premier of South Africa, and the new government, almost overnight, cancelled all elections, fired all senior government or military officials accused of sympathizing with blacks and began a violent crackdown on the black communities, targeting men, women and children alike. He instituted legislation prohibiting blacks from walking outside in urban areas before 7am and after 9pm would be detained if found without a signed pass from their employer or the government, and prohibited miscegenation and black employment in government offices. Rhodes' expansionist policies set the stage for the rapid annexation of Zulu, and sporadic border skirmishes with the Boer Republics to the north. White rule sparked significant international and domestic opposition, prompting a militarization of South African society. The government responded to a series of popular uprisings and protests with military force, supporting local militias formed by white settlers against the black population. South Africa established its own native armaments manufacturing, including aircraft, small arms, armoured vehicles, and even biological and chemical weapons.

    The white government of South Africa found support from the Confederacy, which, adopting similar government policies intended to marginalize blacks, praised the White Revolution for "a steadfast policy of segregation and stanch adherence to their traditions in the face of overwhelming external agitation", and France, which viewed South Africa as a partner against resistance to white governments in Africa. The Boer Republics remained neutral, knowing that either a black or an Anglo government would desire their lands.

    Excerpt from Founding of the German-Hungarian Empire by Gerhard Meyer

    Germany was a place of hidden resentment after 1866, which had only barely been suppressed by the French, Austrians and local monarchs. The North German states were not allowed to unify with Prussia after its defeat in the Franco-Austro-Prussian War of 1866, and Prussia was utterly crippled as a nation. German nationalism, however, remained a powerful force of resistance against the French Empire, that it never was able to fully suppress. The desire to unify all German-speaking peoples under one state intensified due to the repression of the German language and culture in regions annexed by France. German nationalism was initially most popular amongst the well-educated intelligentsia: professors, grammar school teachers, and students, but after it was publically spread throughout the German Internet, the common people began to support it as a way to remove the persecution that Germans faced in France, and Germans from different countries begna to have closer connections to each other. With Prussia decimated, Austria became the most significant German-speaking power, and it began producing propaganda advocating for the unification of all German-speaking peoples. However, France did not allow the formation of a united Germany, perceiving it as a threat.

    Due to the exhaustion of France after its invasion of Russia, Emperor Franz Josef correctly predicted that France would not be willing to fight anymore, and that he would win immense public support within Austria if he successfully unified Germany, thus securing his position. On 14 March 1890, the War of German Unification began, as a series of Austrian air strikes destroyed the unprepared and small militaries of the divided German states. In several public appearances, King Wilhelm II threatened to destroy the invasion, claiming that his forces would invade the larger Empire and not stop at Prague, but rather Vienna. However, the much better-equipped and well-trained Austrian military was able to almost effortlessly invade Germany, by 20 April, the Austrians surrounded Berlin, which had largely been reduced to rubble. Wilhelm II lost the support of the army and agreed to a deal wherein he would agree to disarm the Prussian Army and accept a subservient status in exchange for retaining his title as King of Prussia. The other minor German states followed, seeing no path to resistance.

    Franz Josef was coronated as Emperor of Germany at the Stadtschloss in Berlin on 30 August. Many Germans did not want to involve themselves with the affairs of Hungarians and Slavs, so from 1867 territories connected to the Hungarian crown were incorporated into Germany-Hungary under the name of Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, while most of the Prussian Partition was added to the Protectorate of Poland under German control. The Emperor's patriarchal authority largely held the Empire together while the politicians squabbled among themselves. The Austrian Empire, unlike the French, was marked by tolerance for different ethnicities, and North Germans were allowed to keep their Protestant Churches, while provisions of healthcare, social services and food were used to essentially buy their loyalty.

    France's power was indeed broke after the Russian War, and despite its vehement protests, it did not take action against the German-Hungarian Empire. This allowed Germany-Hungary to become a base for insurgents in South Germany and Rhineland, who began a 20-year war to gain their civil rights back and rejoin Germany, known as the Second German War of Unification. Despite claims that France would quickly and decisively defeat the German Nationalists, its society was shaken hard by the frequent suicide bombings within France, which created a sense of vulnerability and lack of confidence in the French Empire to secure its borders. The military and diplomatic cost of the war to the French Empire was high, with France often resorting to African colonial recruits, who became notorious for ill-discipline and reprisal attacks on civilians. Violence in the border regions, especially Strasbourg, was notable for its ethnic character and its high number of French civilian victims. Overall, the Second German War of Unification was widely seen as a turning point, because it was the first moment where France was no longer invincible...

    Excerpt from The French Occupation of Turkey
    The Committee for the Restoration of Turkey was a group of Turks committed to the removal of French rule in parts of Turkey through non-violent methods. On 30 April 1890, Namik Kemal was arrested for giving a speech in Constantinople advocating for the return of the traditional Ottoman capital. His ideas of constitutional government and multi-party democracy proved threatening toward the French, who feared a general revolt across occupied territories. His radical views earned him support among the Turkish community of Constantinople, who began protesting.

    Soon, the initial demand to free Kemal was expanded, as protestors advocated for giving inmates access to a state attorney and due justice, and political demands such as the withdrawal of French soldiers from Turkey. The French, who had not been prepared to deal with riots, initially refused to respond, which allowed the protests to turn violent, targeting Jews, Armenians and Greeks, who they accused of collaboration. Eventually, martial law was declared, 15,000 African soldiers under the command of General Ben Jervais were sent to quell the riots, succeeding over the course of a month...A notable incident occurred when a French soldier drove a tank over the crowd at Taksim Square...

    The relatively lax rule in the city became more rigidly enforced as the French garrison was intensified, and the relative freedom of the press ended. Ben Jervais was praised by Napoleon IV for "saving the rule of British law in Constantinople against uncivilised rioters". The total amount of deaths..is estimated to be between 200 and 20,000. The Constantinople massacre galvanised resistance against France across Turkey, used by a tool by later Turkish leaders...


    Diary of a German
    I joined the German Nationalist Army to see action for the first time. After the French Invasion of Germany in 1866, my family emigrated to New Hampshire as refugees, receiving nothing for their troubles. I was out of work and, rather than wither away on a rural farm, I needed a greater cause to dedicate my life to. So, I flew to Prague, against my mother's wishes. She was scared for my life, but I knew that the needs of the German people were more important than my family.

    I woke up early to get to the safehouse in Dreisesselberg, Germany. There, we would get our armaments, ammunition and rations for the day, and, if we lived, go back to sleep. The Germans exposed us to amenities we never had thought of before, instant telephones which could be used to communicate directly with soldiers rather than through soldiers greatly helped improve our coordination. The military situation for us remained locked as we could not expel France, while France could not remove the German Nationalist Army without removing the Germans and invading Germany, which would provoke a broader war which they could never handle.

    Every day, French aircraft bombed raids on German areas, inflict damage on an indiscriminate variety of lands, killing thousands of us. They used chemicals, sinking deep into the soil, to try to destroy our farmland. Over time, however, the German intelligence pinpointed the location and direction of approaching French planes, allowed us time to move out of the way of the bombers, living to fight another day. Their aging air force became outclassed as the German Empire gave us the big rockets to shoot them down.

    Most of my actions were directed toward isolated pockets of French soldiers and police. We were told that five hundred French would die each week in Germany, and I've noticed that they began to switch to Germans and Africans a few months back. There were two kinds German in the South German Legion, the first was more dedicated than the French themselves. I could not hope to understand why a man would betray his nation for the one that had committed genocide against it. They were our worst enemies, because they knew that both French and Germans regarded them with suspicion, and they had to work extra hard to ensure that France trusted them once they betrayed the Germans. They told France all the hiding spots, being more lethal toward us than the French themselves. The rest of the South German Legion had little loyalty to their officers and political leaders and avoid risking their lives to fight the Nationalists. They would flee, desert or defect rather than fight back, thus providing us with a valuable source of new recruits and weapons. The African Legion was recruited among the poorest of the poor niggers, who only came for the French citizenship. They only had training from their traditional hunting ways and were entirely undisciplined that is they killed every German they saw on the streets, stole from the corpses and ashes, and ran away into the forests whenever they saw someone else with a gun.

    The violent tactics of the French have not gotten us to lay down our arms, on the contrary the French have encouraged the Germans, of all political opinions and sentiments, to increase their support of the Nationalists, while the French people can only press for a peaceful resolution. I can only hope that Germany prevails and that France exits our country. As long as we have a sanctuary in Germany, France can never dominate us.

    Excerpt from The Later Years of Napoleon IV

    As the French Empire continued to expand on the map, it brutally repressed its own people. Food had to be imported due to the effects of fallout on European farms, which many Frenchman could not afford. Even worse, most of the food was requisitioned to soldiers occupying the colonies. France had, in effect, bled its mainland dry to support the largest colonial empire. The fact that the French Empire was the largest empire meant nothing to its people, as cynicism and disillusionment grew as it became increasingly clear that the French Empire could not deliver its promise of a utopian technologically advanced future. At the same time, France ran into a deep economic crisis, marked by significant unemployment, poverty and inflation. Contrary to their expectations that the colonies would grant France wealth, they only seemed to be an endless pit of blood and treasure, where thousands of Frenchmen would be forced to travel to far-off regions to only to be killed by guerillas. On the other hand, Napoleon IV started a wide housing project, with the aim of providing white family in the French Empire with an apartment free of charge, and strong investment in secondary and university education, combined with the French Telecommunication Network, allowed universal literacy for the first time. However, these buildings suffered from low design quality, mind-numbing appearance, second-rate construction materials and shoddy construction practices, and today they are now mostly rusted...On the other hand, religious discrimination, particularly against the Jewish minorities, had largely ceased after the French takeover, in fact, in Africa and Middle East, the French government put local Jews and Christians into government offices as a way to balance the Muslim majority.

    Ironically, the most difficult challenges would stem from domestic problems in France itself, while the colonies were easily bought off by providing them with new technologies and food to keep their loyalty. A culture of dissent started growing within France. However, it was weak because communists, Catholic fundamentalists, anarchists, socialists, republicans, Bourbonists all competed for control of the resistance. However, it should be noted that the defense of the French colonial empire was consensual in French society. Most of the aforementioned groups (with the exception of the anarchists and communists) supported French colonialism abroad. He relied on secret police, known as the French Department of Security or DSF, to enforce the policies he wished to implement, by restricting postings on the French Telecommunications Network to those who supported the government, suprressing local media. He fought against German nationalists for eight years during the "German Revolt" or "Second German War of Independence", which resulted in a virtual French victory in 1898, with the war only reigniting after his death...
    Napoleon IV's cult of personality, which largely built upon Napoleon I's legacy, was prevalent throughout the Empire. Thousands of portraits, posters, statues and murals erected in his honor all over the Empire. Throughout his administration, large masses of supporters, many of whom were paid, gathered to cheer at Napoleon IV's fiery speeches, often lasting hours. He would declare himself to be a "great statesman and state-builder", and talk about a strict nationalist ideology, clamoring for "French supremacy", thereby rejecting the notions of equality that Napoleon I had fought for.

    His constant purge of government and military officials and intellectuals ensured that no entity would ever grow strong enough to overthrow him, balancing subordinates off each other and imprisoning anyone suspected of resistance. Because of this, Napoleon IV saw limited prospects for his regime lasting beyond his death as he did not believe Napoleon V could do his job adequately. Nevertheless, after Napoleon IV died in 1900 of throat cancer while in Paris, Napoleon V dedicated his reign to trying hold the Empire together...

    On the eve of his death in 1900, the French Empire was the largest military power and empire, but in other respects was in decline, a process to which Napoleon IV contribued to by his refusal to adopt domestic and military reform. Views of him today are mixed, with his stregthening of urbanisation, military, education, and national pride balanced by the millions of people killed in wars he started, as well as subsequent famines, and the mass repression within France. A vast literature devoted to Napoleon IV has been produced; it is so substantial that even specialists could not read it all. Notably, states which were established after the fall of the Russian Empire, Azerbaijan in particular, view him positively for allowing them a chance for independence by destroying the Russian Empire. great statesman and state-builder.

    Excerpt from the Coronation Speech of Napoleon V

    Citizens of France! I am honoured today to accept the crown as Emperor of the French. I will take every measure to ensure that the citizens of France are prosperous once more and that French Supremacy is asserted across the globe. France has every reason to be a strong nation, and I will not let the power of France falter. I repeat, we will not falter, we will rise again. I have in my father a great example, and thousands of years of French pride, tradition and history, which I will follow with conviction. God Himself will be proud of the work that we have done, in civilising this Earth to highest level possible, and expanding our Empire at time when the world thought it was impossible. I will build off these legacies to continue to ensure a bright future for France. All that is necessary for the French Empire will be done. With approval from God, the French tradition and the French people, I am now Emperor of the French. Prosperity is in our future!