For Want of A Sandwich - A Franz Ferdinand Lives Wikibox TL

Prince Filippos of Greece and Denmark
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Prince Filippos of Greece and Denmark (Corfu, Greece 10 June 1921 - Constantinople, Greece 9 April 2021) was a member of the Hellenic Royal Family and a Greek naval officer. He is a cousin to the current Hellenic Emperor Konstantinos XIV.

Born to Prince Andreas of Greece, seventh child of King Konstantinos, and Alice von Battenberg, Prince Filippos was born after his country had been defeated in the Great European War and while his father was commanding troops in the Continuation War in Northeastern Anatolia. After the Greek victory, Prince Andreas’ family settled in Smyrna, before it was broken by Princess Alice’s diagnosis of schizophrenia which led her to be placed in a sanatorium (she would later recover, become an Orthodox nun and canonized in the Greek Orthodox Church) ; Prince Andreas estranged himself from his family and all five children were raised by their maternal grandmother, Victoria von Battenberg, between Germany and England. Educated in England, Prince Filippos was interested in a naval career and was divided between the Royal Navy, the Kaiserliche Marine and even the Imperial Russian Navy where his uncle Louis von Battenberg served, before enlisting in the Royal Hellenic Navy in 1939.

During his long career, he served in the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Greco-Turkish Wars and the First Greco-Italian War; representing the Royal Hellenic Navy at the coronation of his uncle Alexandros as Emperor of the Hellenes in 1947, Prince Philippos served as military governor of Crete, Cyprus, before becoming Chief of the Navy General Staff from 1977 to 1986, at which date he retired from the Navy with the rank of Admiral of the Fleet. He is still celebrated as a very competent naval officer who helped to reform the Imperial Navy in the times of the Greater Game, trying to meet its match with Italy and Spain in the Mediterranean and strengthening Greece’s links within the Reichspakt.

As his sisters had married German aristocrats (most notably Theodora, who was Grand Duchess of Baden and Cecilie, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by the Rhine), he followed suit by marrying Princess Anna of Saxony, sister of King Maria Emanuel of Poland, in 1950 ; the marriage produced four children and lasted until Anna’s passing in 2012. Living in retirement between Greece, Germany and England, Prince Filippos was a very popular member of the Imperial Hellenic family, owing to his humour, his military service and campaigning for the monarchy during the 1991 constitutional referendum, along with embracing the Megali Idea andCh assimilation of Anatolia by the Greek government. Also known as a patron of equestrian sports and education, Prince Filippos died in the Emperor Alexandros Hospital in Constantinople, in Greece, two months before his 100th birthday.
 
So yeah, as you mentioned that there is a sizable population of Hellenized Turks in Greece, what do they usually identify as? Have they adopted Christianity as part of their Hellenization or do they identify as "Muslim Greeks" or something along those lines? Also, what became of the Blue Mosque? Converted to a church?
 
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Three monarch death from unnatural cause? Are they being cursed?
Not a curse, just proper bad luck. The Greek Royal family was deposed twice in OTL, after all.
Why did Indochina dissolve only to reconstruct later on?
Japanese meddling during the Century, before Inodchina decided to unite back after the fall of the Co-Prosperity Sphere.
If it’s possible I would be interested seeing the Star Wars wikibox on May Fourth
We will.
 
I came across this timeline today, and I really like it so far.

My jaw dropped, I wasn't expecting this, although I guess we now know who TTL's 20th-century big bad guy is now.

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Prince Filippos of Greece and Denmark (Corfu, Greece 10 June 1921 - Constantinople, Greece 9 April 2021) was a member of the Hellenic Royal Family and a Greek naval officer. He is a cousin to the current Hellenic Emperor Konstantinos XIV.

Born to Prince Andreas of Greece, seventh child of King Konstantinos, and Alice von Battenberg, Prince Filippos was born after his country had been defeated in the Great European War and while his father was commanding troops in the Continuation War in Northeastern Anatolia. After the Greek victory, Prince Andreas’ family settled in Smyrna, before it was broken by Princess Alice’s diagnosis of schizophrenia which led her to be placed in a sanatorium (she would later recover, become an Orthodox nun and canonized in the Greek Orthodox Church) ; Prince Andreas estranged himself from his family and all five children were raised by their maternal grandmother, Victoria von Battenberg, between Germany and England. Educated in England, Prince Filippos was interested in a naval career and was divided between the Royal Navy, the Kaiserliche Marine and even the Imperial Russian Navy where his uncle Louis von Battenberg served, before enlisting in the Royal Hellenic Navy in 1939.

During his long career, he served in the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Greco-Turkish Wars and the First Greco-Italian War; representing the Royal Hellenic Navy at the coronation of his uncle Alexandros as Emperor of the Hellenes in 1947, Prince Philippos served as military governor of Crete, Cyprus, before becoming Chief of the Navy General Staff from 1977 to 1986, at which date he retired from the Navy with the rank of Admiral of the Fleet. He is still celebrated as a very competent naval officer who helped to reform the Imperial Navy in the times of the Greater Game, trying to meet its match with Italy and Spain in the Mediterranean and strengthening Greece’s links within the Reichspakt.

As his sisters had married German aristocrats (most notably Theodora, who was Grand Duchess of Baden and Cecilie, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by the Rhine), he followed suit by marrying Princess Anna of Saxony, sister of King Maria Emanuel of Poland, in 1950 ; the marriage produced four children and lasted until Anna’s passing in 2012. Living in retirement between Greece, Germany and England, Prince Filippos was a very popular member of the Imperial Hellenic family, owing to his humour, his military service and campaigning for the monarchy during the 1991 constitutional referendum, along with embracing the Megali Idea andCh assimilation of Anatolia by the Greek government. Also known as a patron of equestrian sports and education, Prince Filippos died in the Emperor Alexandros Hospital in Constantinople, in Greece, two months before his 100th birthday.
Nice.

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Réginald Fils-Aimé (born 25 March 1961 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current President of Haiti, serving a single six-year term since his inauguration on 14 May 2016, after being elected in the 2016 Haitian presidential election, as the candidate of the Rally of Progressive National Democrats (Rassemblement des Démocrates Nationaux Progressistes).

Born into a upper-middle-class family in Port-au-Prince, as his parents were participating in politics, Fils-Aimé benefitted from the American help given to Haiti during his youth, enjoying scholarships that allowed him to graduate with a Bachelor of Science in applied economics and management from Cornell University. Returning to his country of birth to work in the thriving industrial sector, he aligned himself with the presidency of Jean-Bertrand Aristide, that took power in 1987 ; as such and being one of the few Haitians who had studied in the United States, he climbed rapidly in the Haitian economy, managing to become Haiti’s first millionaire before his 40th birthday. However, as the Aristide regime grew more and more authoritarian, the industry tycoon distanced himself from the President, joining Leslie Manigat’s RDNP.

After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Fils-Aimé became very popular as he gave away his personal fortune to help relieve the suffering population and rebuild the devastated city of Port-au-Prince ; after Aristide was overthrown by the military later in the year and free regular elections were organized, he was elected deputy for Port-au-Prince and funded the unsuccessful campaign of Manigat in 2010. Becoming a household name in Haiti, he reluctantly pursued the RDNP presidential nomination in 2016 after Manigat offered to step aside ; he was elected with 64 % of the popular vote in the second round, defeating independent candidate Wyclef Jean.

As President of Haiti, Fils-Aimé intensified diplomatic and economic relations with the Havana Organization, allowing Haitian economy to continue his double-digit growth, in spite of the damage dealt by Hurricane Matthew a few months into his presidency, later putting his efforts into dealing with the outbreak of Wuchang Pneumonia in the Americas ; under his term (limited to one under the 2010 constitutional reform), Haiti continues to be the fastest growing economy in the Americas. In order to limit the arrival of refugees from the Hispaniolan Civil War and secure the borders of Haiti, Fils-Aimé ordered the Haitian military to intervene in their eastern neighbour’s ongoing conflict, securing the border and later petitioning the Havana Organization for a full-scale military intervention. On 7 February 2021, President Fils-Aimé was victim of an assassination attempt, that left him unscathed but killed one of his bodyguards ; the perpetrator, a Hispaniolan refugee, admitted under police watch to being an field agent from Hispaniolan intelligence. In light of this assassination attempt, US President Russ Feingold has promised to look further into the Hispaniolan issue.
Oh boy, here we go with the more interesting choices for World leaders.

Are they still the most peaceful country peace index-wise? Also what is the music scene like?
 
Country profile - Ankole
Ankole is a country in Eastern Africa. It is bordered by Tooro-Rwenzururu in the north, Buganda in the east, Tanganyika and Ruanda in the south and Ubangi in the west.

History
A Bantu kingdom dating back to the XVth Century, also known as Nkore, Ankole was integrated into the Uganda protectorate in 1901, before gaining back its own independence first as a British protectorate in 1966, then as a sovereign country in 1976 ; the era was marked by the ascension of Grace Ibingira, a judge who had associated himself with Milton Obote’s Uganda People’s Congress before distancing himself and becoming an ally of Bugandan King Muteesa II and the British ; in contrast with the absolute monarchies that constitute the former Uganda, Ankole remains a representative monarchy thanks to Ibingira’s efforts.

Politics
The Omugabe, the monarch of Ankole, is elected by a Council of Tribes and holds, in contrast with his fellow monarchs of the Great Lakes, only ceremonial power : since 2011, the Omugabe has been Rwebishengye II, who resides most of his time in London. Inspired by the Westminster system, the Banyankole Parliament is elected by male universal suffrage and his leader serves as Prime Minister : Grace Ibingira, father of Ankole’s modern independence, served in the position until his death in 1995, until he was succeeded by his Minister of Economy Yoweri Museveni ; both were elected thanks to landowner suffrage, that allowed the Ankole People’s Congress to be the only one represented in Parliament ; a popular uprising led to Museveni’s removal in 2006 and the establishment of male universal suffrage along with multipartism ; since 2013, Kizza Besigye, a doctor from the Forum from Democratic Change, has served as Prime Minister since his predecessor’s Eriya Kategaya’s death.

Population
A densely populated country, Ankole is dominated by a Bantu group, the Banyankole, who use Runyakole as their language. The Banyakoles appreciated the democratic thaw as early as 2006 but still experience poverty, living in squalor in the countryside, even if Mbarara, Ankole’s capital and largest city, is currently one of the fastest-growing cities in eastern Africa.

Economy
A rural country, Ankole retains an agricultural economy and depends heavily on trade with Buganda and the Commonwealth, of which the country remains a member. In foreign affaires, Ankole is considered to have been, since independence, a satellite state of Buganda.

Army
The Banyakole Army is quite unnoticeable, the country having experienced peace since independence and having its protection remain on Buganda and the Commonwealth.

Culture
A peaceful country, Ankole benefits from tourism, the visitors appreciating its folk traditions and the beauty of its lands.
 
Rwebishengye II
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Charles Rwebishengye II (born 18 October 1991 in Mbarara, Ankole) is the current Omugabe (King) of Ankole, having succeeded his father Nkore VI on 14 October 2011.

Prince Rwebishengye was studying economy in London when he was elected King by the Tribal Council, a natural candidate for the old throne in the Great Lakes, and a particular one as Ankole has had a stable parliamentary system since independence, the only one in the region until Buganda adopted one in 2020 ; as a result, Rwebishengye II has been absent from his country for ten years, the regency being assured by the Tribal Council. Under the guise of completing his studies, the Omugabe has been a fixture of fixture of British gossip magazines, throwing decadent parties and dating top models, living the life of an opulent playboy, which becomes an issue given the state of poverty in Ankole. But as the King’s person is sacred, well...
 
Grace Ibingira
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Grace Stuart Katebariirwe Ibingira (23 May 1932-8 December 1995) was a Banyankole politician, serving as Prime Minister of Uganda from 1964 to 1966 and later Prime Minister of Ankole from the country’s independence on January 1 1976 until his death, a member of the Ankole People’s Congress.

Educated in law in Aberystwyth and London, Ibingira was a member of the bar in Middle Temple before returning to the East African Federation to serve in the Supreme Court ; there, he associated with Milton Obote’s Uganda People’s Congress, serving as a MP for the party after having been its legal adviser. Relying on London and Mengo’s fears about Obote, perceived as a Pan-Africanist revolutionary, Ibingira allied himself with Kabaka Muteesa II of Uganda to depose and exile Obote, replacing him as Prime Minister of Uganda ; it was merely a caretaker job as the dissolution of the Uganda Protectorate was already decided by British Prime Minister Enoch Powell and was effective two years later in 1966 ; Ibingira retreated to his home country of Ankole, where he used his political connections to promote a parliamentary system, that was effective when the country became independent in 1976.

Ibingira would hold the Prime Ministership with an iron fist for almost 20 years until his early death at 63, showing the exterior appearence of a modern African country inspired by Britain when in fact, a single party, the Ankole People’s Congress, would hold power thanks to ballots being only open to landowners and a country still living in poverty. Nevertheless, Ibingra is still perceived in the upper tier of African leaders, avoiding the troubles that arose in other countries.
 
Yoweri Museveni
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Yoweri Katuga Museveni (born 15 September 1944 in Rukungiri, British Uganda, now part of Tooro-Rwenzururu) is a Banyankole politican, serving as Prime Minister of Ankole from 9 December 1995 to 5 April 2006.

An economist trained at the University of Mombasa, Museveni returned to Ankole, a country from which his father was originary and pursued politics there, serving a financial advisor then as Minister of Economy to longtime Prime Minister Grace Ibingira, becoming the prime candidate to succeed him in 1995 after he passed away. Museveni was then a happy man : he was young, he would lead Ankole’s phony parliamentary system for the reminder of his life and he was ready to cooperate with Buganda and Great Britain, the true masters of Ankole.

Nevertheless, in more than ten years, Museveni did nothing to alleviate the poverty and desire for freedom from the Banyankoles ; after the 2006 elections, where the Ankole People’s Congress would obtain another 100 % of votes (being the only party allowed to run), Museveni had to experiment an entire month of riots and strikes, a rare occurrence in the small peaceful country ; King Nkore VI, along with his partners, convinced Museveni that he had to go and the Prime Minister announced his resignation and fled to London, where he has lived in opulence ever since. His replacement for Prime Minister, Eriya Kategaya, a member of the newly found Movement for Democratic Change and his former Minister of Foreign Affairs, would respond to the people’s demands by granting them universal suffrage… Restricted to the literate males. Museveni has been gone for almost 15 years, Ankole is still a poor, flawed democracy and his son, Muhoozi Kainerugaba, is the Chief of Staff of the small Banyankole Army, and is said to have the support of the Tribal Council...
 
So yeah, as you mentioned that there is a sizable population of Hellenized Turks in Greece, what do they usually identify as? Have they adopted Christianity as part of their Hellenization or do they identify as "Muslim Greeks" or something along those lines? Also, what became of the Blue Mosque? Converted to a church?
Hellenized Turks speak Greek and abide by the laws of the Hellenic Empire, but they are still Muslims, those who converted are really few. As of the Blue Mosque, the government wanted first to have it converted but the riots that happened for the reconsecration of Hagia Sophia dissuaded them ; so instead, the Blue Mosque became a museum dedicated to the Ottoman Era.
Great to see this back, @MaskedPickle! May I make a request... I'd love to see some information on the German Kaiser, Wilhelm V. Might you consider doing an infobox on him? Brilliant as always though.
It's on schedule, as everything on this TL !
Are they still the most peaceful country peace index-wise? Also what is the music scene like?
Well, Iceland is quite peaceful, but Uruguay is another contender for the title here. As of the music scene, well, it has trouble exporting itself, but I would think it's still the same than OTL.
 
Hellenized Turks speak Greek and abide by the laws of the Hellenic Empire, but they are still Muslims, those who converted are really few.
Speaking of Greek Muslims, what became of the communities of Greek-speaking Muslims who were historically expelled in the 1920s after the Treaty of Lausanne?
 
Jean III
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Jean III (Paris, 4 September 1874-Algiers, 25 August 1940) was King of the French from 16 October 1925 to his death, hailing from the House of Orléans, and becoming the first reigning monarch of France since the abolition of the Second Empire in 1870. He was succeeded by his only son Henri VI.

When he was born in 1874, the prospects of Jean to become King were dire to say the least : his great-grandfather, Louis-Philippe d’Orléans, had been deposed in 1848, he was the youngest son of Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres, and the conflict between the two pretending Houses of France, the Bourbons and the Orléans, had not been fixed : the Legitimist pretender, Henri, Count of Chambord, blew his chances at being offered the Crown by the nascent Third Republic, and the 1886 Law of Exile proscribed all other heirs to be ever present on French soil. To be true, Jean, known as the Duke of Guise, was considered such a cadet that he was authorized to reside on French soil. By his marriage to his cousin Isabelle, Jean was son-in-law to “Phillippe VII”, the Orléanist claimant from 1848 to 1894, and brother-in-law to “Philippe VIII”, the claimant from 1894 to 1925.

After accomplishing his military service in Denmark (as he was prohibited to do so by the French government), the Duke of Guise wished to support his motherland’s colonial expansion by settling with his family in Larache, in Spanish Morocco, by 1909. In the same time, Jean’s prospects at becoming the Orléanist pretender accelerated, due to the early deaths of his brothers Robert and Henri in 1885 and 1901, of his father Robert in 1910 and of his cousin Ferdinand in 1924 ; as Philippe, the Duke of Orléans, was childless, making the Duke of Guise the heir apparent when France lost the Great European War, was shaken by the Syndicalist Revolution and his exiled government in Algiers was overthrown by a military coup in 1924.

Even if the military junta chaired by Marshal Foch wasn’t composed at all of die-hard monarchists, the French exiled community and army in Algiers certainly were, as the Republic had been discredited and that the Algiers government needed a figure to rally under, as a modern age Joan of Arc ; as Foch, Lyautey, Franchet d’Espèrey and other military leaders were rather old, reliving the old days of the monarchy seemed like a great idea. The Spanish government-in-exile forbid the French junta to get in touch with Legitimist and Carlist claimant Jacques de Bourbon, and the Duke of Orléans Philippe knew that he could childless, was too happy with his life as an explorer and felt undermined as a rallying figure due to his estranged wife, Maria Dorothea of Austria, having sided with the Danubian Federation during the conflict. So he left his cousin, the Duke of Guise, accept the proposal of Marshal Foch to leave Morocco for Algiers and be proclaimed King of the French on 16 October 1925, bringing on the Third Restoration and taking the regnal name of “Jean III”. He would become head of the House of Orléans a year later with the passing of Philippe.

Already aged 51 and unprepared to official functions, the Duke of Guise threw all his energy towards the education of his son, the Dauphin Henri, and assumed his role as a constitutional monarch for an exiled government, representing France abroad (even if he was seen as a puppet monarch worldwide) and letting politics first to the military and after their successful election in 1930, to the Action Française’s Integralist program, even if he had an unsteady relation with his President of Council, Charles Maurras, due to his unorthodox views on Catholicism. As a constitutional monarch, he refused to throw his support behind Eugène Deloncle’s Pyrist coup attempt in 1937, and later the Regency that was formed in his name in Dakar.

The outbreak of the French Exile War, the First Algerian Uprising and the Tuareg Uprising threw the exiled Kingdom in disarray ; Jean left more and more of his official duties to his son and he died on 25 August 1940 in Algiers’ Summer Palace, broken and believing that the monarchy would never return to the homeland. He was proven wrong by the World War, and Jean’s coffin would be reinterred in a lavish ceremony in Saint-Denis Basilica, along with his royal predecessors, in 1950, after the Liberation of France.
 
Henri VI
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Henri VI (Nouvion-en-Thiérarche, Aisne, 5 July 1908 - Luxemburg, 19 June 1999) was King of the French from 25 August 1940 to 29 May 1968, succeeding his father Jean III of the House of Orléans and until he abandoned his throne during the Situationist Revolution.

Henri, from his birth until the Third Restoration in 1925, went from fourth-in-line for the Orléanist claim to Dauphin of France, just aged 17. Even as he spent the Great European War and the Syndicalist War in his family’s compound in Morocco, Henri became convinced that the divine right of kings was made for him, as events had conspired to make France a kingdom again and for the House of Orléans to represent the hope of a humiliated nation against the Syndicalist Ogre. The Dauphin became very invested in politics, throwing his support behind Maurras’ Action Française, even if he finally decided against joining Deloncle’s Pyrist movement, knowing that he would only further distabilize the kingdom. The Dauphin also took notice of the disdain other nations showed to the French-government-in-exile : as his sister managed to marry the King of Montenegro, he himself had no suitable bride behind other European nations, having to marry his cousin Isabelle d’Orléans-Bragance, hailing from the deposed Brazilian Imperial House ; this marriage proved fruitful, as 11 children were born of the union.

When Henri succeeded his father on 25 August 1940, mainland France was under the oppressive yoke of Syndicalist dictator Jacques Doriot ; the French government-in-exile in Algiers had no true army, was torn apart by a far-right uprising in Dakar, claiming to be the Regency for the Kingdom ; Tuaregs, Eburnians and soon the Muslim Brotherhood in Algeria were in open revolt towards the settlers. The situation looked dire, but Henri saw it as a heavenly call for greatness, to cement his role for restablishing the Kingdom of Saint Louis ; he took the regnal name of Henri VI, even as no King had never reigned over France as Henri V, as the number was claimed by the Count of Chambord, the Legitimist grandson of Charles X who refused to return to his throne, wishing for the white flag to fly over France. In placing itself in the continuity of this intransigeant claimant, the new King of the French proclaimed his resolve for his birthright.

The discovery of oil in Sahara turned French treasury for the better and in giving the Presidency of Council to the military in 1942, Henri VI pushed towards a steady repression of independentist movements in exiled France : Algerians were crushed in 1944, Tuaregs in 1943. The outbreak of the World War also helped considerably, as the Algeirs government welcomed the retreating German armies in Africa, allowing for a greater foreign recognition. Under the patronage of the King, the Funchal Agreements in 1946 allowed to reconciliation between the Action Française and the Regency, under the one goal of reconquest of mainland France. The Battle of Morocco, the Allied landings in Andalucia and Pas-de-Calais turned the tables during the World War and on 11 September 1948, a military-civilian committee led by Edmond Michelet formally proclaimed the restablishment of the Kingdom of France in Compiègne, in Mainland France. On 19 September 1949, the Confederation of Workers’ Republic capitulated and self-dissolved ; the following day, as all Allied countries were celebrating Victory Day, King Henri VI landed in Marseille, and would enter Paris as the rightful monarch two days later.

France was exhausted by two great wars, a decade of Doriotism, his population decimated by the concentrated fire of the entire world, the country being partially occupied by the Allies ; the restablishment of a monarchy, far entrenched in Integralism and coming from the other side of the Mediterrean, looked like an anachronism, a century after the fall of Louis-Philippe and after 80 years of republicanism, including 30 of Syndicalism. Nevertheless, under Edmond Michelet’s Restauration Nationale (stemming from the old Action Française and Deloncle’s Francistes), the White Terror made the monarchy stand in the French’s mind.

Henri VI, now seating in the Elysée Palace in Paris, was not that happy. The 1950 Constitution defined his role as a constitutional monarch, even if he retained a right to veto and the power to dissolve both Houses of Parliament ; France was still deprived of Alsace and Lorraine, while the British annexed the Channel Islands and occupied Normandy, Flanders and Wallonia annexed parts of northern France, Italy annexed Corsica and Savoy, Catalonia annexed Roussillon, the Basque Country became independent, Germany occupied Burgundy, Britanny soon became independent in 1955 (even if Occitania and Normandy voted otherwise) and Paris was completely destroyed by the World War and being rebuilt according to Le Corbusier’s modernist plans.

Henri VI was officially deprived of powers, but the King made very clear that he threw his supporter behind Restauration Nationale and even privately funded royalist paramilitary groups during the 1950s, in order to track down Syndicalist insurgents. He repeatedly threw his support behind military coups that reacted to leftist victories in elections, such as Philippe de Hautecloque’s (1955) and Honoré d’Estienne d’Orves’ (1958), the latter of which he particulary approved of, throwing his support behind the Moral Order policies, and threw his support behind the military during the Second Algerian Uprising (even as his second son, Prince François, died in Kabylia in 1960). The soft power of the King was also seen in finding royal matches for his offspring : his son the Dauphin would marry into the Royal House of Württemberg, while his daughters married the heirs of England, Bulgaria, Finland and even the German Kronprinz. Henri VI also encouraged French participation to the European Community and the Reichspakt ; the King was popular abroad, but he was not much seen during the 1954 and 1956 hungers and during the massive race riots against Algerian immigrants in France. As President of Council François Miterrand, who ruled from 1963 to 1968 as a member of the Restauration Nationale, summarized it: “We used to say in France that you don’t need to be more royalist than the King ; with Henri, it has become logically impossible”. On 7 May 1964, evidences of tax evasion by the King were published by L’Express magazine, further breaking the image of Henri VI, who was seen as a distant despot ; the rift was furthered when in response to a general strike in March 1966, the King personally asked the German government to reinforce its military presence in Burgundy.

Henri VI saw the 1968 legislative elections as a mere formality : the war had been won since almost twenty years, Mitterrand had had managed to rule a stable right-wing government for five consecutive years, the regime was blessed by the victory in Algeria, he had established himself as a true leader of the new Europe… The future looked bright. He was blind to the fact that the French Left had managed to find rebuild itself under Marseille’s deputy Gaston Defferre, who had managed to keep in check the most radical elements. The Réconciliation Socialiste Party won the 1968 elections in a landslide on March 12 and according to the Constitution, Henri VI had to form a government under Defferre. On April 27, the King violated the Constitution by dismissing Defferre and appointing Mitterrand in his stead, ordering the military to block all access to the Chamber of Deputies. All political parties condemned the King’s actions and demonstrations were soon taken over by Situationists and Neo-Syndicalist, resulting in massive urban riots and a full-scale civil war.

On the night of 28 to 29 May 1968, King Henri VI and the Royal Family fled incognito to Württemberg, fearing for their lives, without giving notice to the Mitterrand government. What was called the “Second Flight of Varennes” was seen as King Henri VI as a diplomatic voyage, in order to secure German support if the civil conflict escalated, thinking that his absence would convince the political class to call for his return. The King was always blind : the Germans had their own issues to deal with, and the absence of the King was seen as an abdication, resulting in a power vaccum that convinced Christian-Democrat President of the Senate Antoine Pinay to proclaim a Republic on 12 June.

After the French Civil War was over and the Fifth Republic became official, King Henri VI was in Stuttgart, expecting to return and wanted by no one.

The former King, who first tried to no avail to form his own government-in-exile, like in the days in Algiers, was soon given a small palace in Luxemburg, as the government of Württemberg wanted to spend no money for an exiled monarch, despised by all. Henri was extremely wealthy but he dilapitated his fortune in lavish banquets for his few supporters and in funding the Fidélité Royale party, formed to reunite monarchists during the French Fifth Republic. Separating from his wife in 1976, the former King also enacted terrible control over his family, disowning his sons Michel and Thibaut, the former for his poor marriage and the latter for his support for Neo-Syndicalist causes and his association with the Milieu ; he also impeded his heir, the Dauphin Henri, from trying to restore the monarchy as a political candidate, forbidding him to run in a Republic that had overthrown him.

Henri VI was persuaded that he was the providential man for France, that he would one day return from his exile to return her once more to grandeur ; he died after 31 years of exile, his wealth gone, forgotten by all, the day of the wedding of his grandson Eudes, on 19 June 1999, in a German Grand-Duchy. As a courtesy to the former Kings of France, Flanders authorized the burial of the King in Rijsel, the former French city of Lille, so that the former King would close to his homeland.
 
Dauphin Henri (Henri VII)
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Henri d’Orléans (Algiers, 14 June 1933-Stuttgart, 21 January 2019) was the Dauphin of France from 25 August 1940 to 19 June 1999, being expected to succeed his father Henri VI as King of the French until the end of the monarchy on 12 June 1968. He was then the Orléanist claimant to the French throne until his death, claiming the regnal name of “Henri VII”.

If his father had been convinced that it was a heavenly design that he had become King of the French, his son the Dauphin was educated in this idea ; his birth, under the reign of King Jean III, in Algiers, giving a heir to the newly restored Kingdom of France, was seen as an evidence of God’s Blessing. Henri VI had become Dauphin at 17 ; the future Henri VII was 16 when the homeland was liberated from the Syndicalist yoke.
Serving in the French Army and seeing combat during the Second Algerian Uprising, the Dauphin was educated in the same belief of divine birthright than his father, even he proved more pragmatic and democratically inclined than the ruling King, who wanted to build his heir in the same mold as him. As such, the Dauphin took place in the “diplomacy by marriage” plan fostered by his father ; he married Marie Thereze, daughter of King Albrecht II of Württemberg, in 1957, the same day than his sister Claude married German Kronprinz Friedrich Wilhelm. The marriage proved very unhappy, and even if he produced five children, two of them, including the future “Dauphin” François, his eldest son, were terribly disabled by toxoplasmosis. Henri VI resented his son for “this undignified offspring”, as he put it in public. This threw the Dauphin further under the influence of his father, and he followed him in his absurd journey to Germany in May 1968, that precipated the end of the monarchy.

Residing in Stuttgart, in the court of his father-in-law Albrecht II, and later of his brother-in-law Albrecht III, the Dauphin proved to be a more sympathetic face than the former King, being seen as more articulate than his intransigeant father, and also devoid of all his poor misgivings. His presence in the French political debate was much more quiet than his father’s, as he issued from Württemberg a monthly bulletin commenting French actuality, letting the leaders of the Fidélité Royale party working in the homeland, as the whole former French Royal Family were forbidden by law to cross the border.

In the French presidential election of 1992, the victory of Fidélité Royale’s candidate, Vendée’s Philippe de Villiers, was seen as a divine surprise for the Orléans ; after the failure of the Rocard and Séguin presidencies, along with the riots that marred the Bicentenary of the French Revolution, the French people looked like they were ready to return to the better days of the monarchy. Villiers reined in a Moral Order policy and took the road to negotiation with Algerian insurgents ; on 3 February 1993, the Dauphin Henri was authorized to return to French soil, taking residence in Paris, as the Law of Exile had been recalled. A referendum on monarchy was announced by President de Villiers on his New Year’s Eve Speech for 1994 : it seemed that Henri VII would maybe rule after all.

Nevertheless, even it seemed that France had been ready, the announcement of the referendum created large urban riots throughout the country, with even Republican forces within the Army threatening the government with a coup ; the Dauphin was himself victim of an assassination attempt on 25 February, and the idea of a referendum was soon forgotten, as the political debate was soon overtaken by the issues in Algeria. In spite of this setback, Villiers, the Dauphin and like-minded political leaders looked forward to the presidential election scheduled for 1997 ; the Dauphin would be inaugurated as a presidential candidate and assured to restore monarchy thanks to the ballots. The Dauphin fostered his image in France, supporting the policies of the Villiers presidency ; he even proposed to negotiate during the Notre-Dame hostage crisis, and his speech after its terrible conclusion was applauded worldwide.

Came 1997, Villiers announced that he would not run for re-election, and the Dauphin prepared to be designated as presidential candidate by the Fidélité Royale party. Nevertheless, on 21 April, the former King Henri VI unexpectedly issued a formal declaration that forbid his son to run as a political candidate, claiming that doing so would contribute to acknowledge the institutions of the Republic, and forfeit all his rights to the Orléanist succession along to his father’s fortune. Even so close to power, the Dauphin was still in his father’s control, and he formally announced on 25 May that he would not run, throwing down all monarchist hopes. Bernard Tapie’s Liberals won the election ; after the death of his father in 1999, being forbidden to remain on French soil as the official claimant, the Dauphin returned to his exile in Württemberg.

Even as the official pretender, “Henri VII” kept his distance with French politics, knowing that his hour had passed and that he couldn’t endeavour in a political career at 66. As the House of Orléans had lost his wealth, he fostered further trouble inside the monarchists by restablishing his disabled son François as Dauphin, in spite of his unfitness to rule. The early death of François on 1 January 2017 would put an end to the quarrel and “Henri VII” himself died on 21 January 2019 ; in an irony of history, he died on the anniversary of the beheading of Louis XVI. Buried in Rysel alongside his father, he couldn’t know that events would turn in favor of his heir Jean less than a year later...
 
The record for Deputy Jean d’Orléans is not at all impressive, but he is assured to be the next President of France, a largely ceremonial role under the Sixth Republic, as incumbent Hervé Mariton is ineligible for re-election and that the Régénération party has been precisely formed to ensure Pierre de Villiers’ power and to pave the way for the Restoration ; he was acclaimed as Régénération's presidential candidate at the party's congress in Reims, on February 22 2021, a mere formality as the election is decided by the Parliament, filled with monarchist deputies. With the support of General de Villiers, who has already drafted a new Constitution, the claimant is insured to be elected President come May 2021, and before the summer is over, to be restored as King of the French, with the General as his Prime Minister.
Somewhat Greek style George II restoration then it looks.
And how is the Republican opposition faring through it?
 
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