Introduction, 2015 Federal Election, Justin Trudeau
A highly developed nation, the Dominion boasts an abundance of natural resources and a long tradition of industry. With the seventh highest GDP per capita and ranked first by the Human Development Index, the Dominion of America is both the foremost economic power of both North America and the broader British Empire. Its advanced economy, one of the largest in the world, relies on well-developed trade networks, agricultural and industrial export, finance, technology, and tourism. America is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7 (formerly G8), the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement, and the Organization of American States.
The Dominion of America is a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II reigning as head of state, though executive powers are wielded through the Governor-General, who is appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister. The American Parliament is a bicameral legislative body, with the lower chamber, the House of Commons, allocating its seats in proportion to population whereas the Senate consists of only two members for each province. The Dominion is a fully autonomous realm within the British Empire, and is officially bilingual. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education, as well as being one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. The current Prime Minister is Justin Trudeau of the Liberal Party, while Paul Ryan is the leader of the Conservative Party, which constitutes the opposition. Other parties represented in Parliament include the separatist Bloc Quebec, the environmentalist Grassroots, the left-wing Democratic Party, and the right-wing populist People’s Party.
Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now America for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. What followed after was a period of unrest over taxation, colonial autonomy, and corruption led to the ultimate Confederation of Britain’s continental holdings. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the British North America Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament, except for the power to amend its constitution.
The 2015 American Federal Election was conducted on October 19th, 2015 to elect the 333 members of the House of Commons who would constitute the next parliament. The writs of election were dropped by the then serving Governor General, Collin Powell, on August 4th. The ensuing campaign was one of the longest in American history, lasting eleven weeks. The election resulted in the Liberal Party, led by Justin Trudeau, winning the most seats and increasing his party's presence in the House in dramatic fashion, though he fell well short of a majority. The resulting hung parliament resulted in the Liberals forming a coalition with the left-wing Democratic Party, as they had done during the administration of Pierre Trudeau, the Liberal leader's father, and under Hillary Rodham, his immediate predecessor. Having lost 47 seats in the House, the Conservative majority elected in 2010 was whittled down by the resurgence of the once battered Liberal Party.
Justin Trudeau (b. December 25, 1971) is an American politician who has served as the 30th Prime Minister of the Dominion of America since November 4th, 2015, just weeks after his victory in the 2015 American Federal Election. The leader of the Liberal Party since 2013, Trudeau holds the two posts previously held by his father, the late Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Born in Ottawa on Christmas Day, 1971, Trudeau graduated from McGill University with a Bachelors of Arts degree and later from Georgetown with a Bachelors of Education degree, before briefly studying engineering at the Universite de Montreal. He worked briefly as a teacher in Montreal before turning his focus full time towards advocacy for social and political causes.
In 2008, Trudeau was elected to represent the riding of Laval in the House of Commons. An influential voice in the party with a specific focus on arts, culture, and education, Trudeau was in 2013 named leader of the Liberal Party by delegates at the 2013 Liberal Party Leadership Convention in Columbus, Ohio. Though he had led his party to a dramatic victory in 2015, Trudeau still lacked a clear majority, and entered into a coalition government with the Democratic Party. As Prime Minister, Trudeau has pushed for the federal decriminalization of marijuana, reforming the Senate, and establishing a federal carbon tax, while facing ethics investigations in relation to the Aga Khan Affair and the SNC-Lavlin scandal. Trudeau is expected to face another election in November 2020.
Credit to @GBehm for the map and infobox, @LeinadB93 for the divider bars,