Federation of South Africa The need for allies in the African continent led to the creation of several puppet states in strategic regions, tasked with defending the several blind spots of the incredibly large Mittelafrika. The most important of these was the Federation of South Africa. Brought together from the former Union of South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Bechuanaland, Basutoland and Swaziland, its creation was established in the Linz Conference and was carried out on 16 March, 1920, after a German-backed Boer rebellion ousted the transitional Republic of South Africa. The result was a unified Federation of South Africa: an authoritarian state under the absolute governance of Hansel de Kruger. The Dutch and Afrikaner minority in South Africa occupied the ruling, wealthy high class, while the black native population toiled like slaves in factories and plantations. The Germans maintained an active military presence, and indeed the South African economy was geared to be almost dependent on Germany. As a federation, South Africa was divided into several "autonomous" states with their own local leaders and assemblies; the democratic process, however, was a sham, as only those loyal to de Kruger are even allowed to participate at all. While there is strong resentment among the native population, the strong leadership of de Kruger, Germany's military help and the somewhat coinciding political divisions meant that the Federation of South Africa was relatively more stable than most other countries in the region. The flag, of course, features a tricolor similar to Germany's, only the black is in the lower part and instead of red you have orange: an obvious reference to the Dutch ruling elite.