Discussion in 'Alternate History Maps and Graphics' started by ES1702, Dec 29, 2018.
The 2009 Conservative Party Leadership Election
The 2011 Labour Party Leadership Election
The United Kingdom General Election 2013
Conservative Majority of 4
The 2013 Labour Party Leadership Election
The United Kingdom General Election 2018
Conservative Majority of 20
The 2018 Labour Party Leadership Election
The 1966 United Kingdom General Election
The 1964 General Election on 15 October brought to an end 13 years of Conservative government and led to the installation of Harold Wilson as Labour's third Prime Minister, and the youngest British Prime Minister for more than 150 years. However, the new Labour government had only won a majority of 4 seats. This was judged to be unworkably small. A by-election in January 1965 reduced their majority to 2.
On 28 February 1966, backed by strong performances in the polls, Harold Wilson announced there would be a snap General Election on Thursday 31 March. Parliament was dissolved on Thursday 10 March.
Labour ran their campaign under the slogan of "You know Labour government works". For the Conservatives, they didn't have much time to prepare for the election and their leader, Edward Heath, had had little time to become well acquainted with the public. The Liberals under Jo Grimond struggled financially to bankroll a second election campaign in under two years.
Polls leading up to election day itself showed large Labour leads, though optimism remained in the Conservative camp that their 1964 result would hold up well with limited losses, although they acknowledged privately that Harold Wilson was going to win an increased majority.
The result itself beat the expectations of everybody. Labour won a landslide majority of 216 seats - the largest since 1931. It was also the first election since 1931 where one party won an absolute majority of the votes cast across the United Kingdom, with Labour winning 51% of the vote.
Following the disastrous result of the election, Edward Heath conceded that it would be inconceivable for him to stay on as Leader of the Conservative Party, despite only being in post for eight months. He said he would remain on as Leader until the State Opening of Parliament before resigning to make way for the election of a successor.
Following the State Opening on 21 April, Heath resigned as Leader of the Conservative Party. Four candidates declared their intention to seek the leadership. Reginald Maudling and Enoch Powell, who both stood in 1965, said they would stand. Quentin Hogg and Iain Macleod, who were rumoured candidates the year before, also stood for the leadership.
The first ballot was held on Wednesday 4 May, with second and third ballots following on Wednesday 11 and Wednesday 18 May.
The 1971 United Kingdom General Election
Five years after his landslide, Harold Wilson called the next General Election for Thursday 18 March 1971 - one of the latest dates possible ahead of the expiry of the five-year term. Throughout the Parliament, the polls had fluctuated with the new Conservative leader, Reginald Maudling, proving to be popular with the public. The Conservatives performed well at local elections and held consistent leads in the opinion polls throughout the Parliament.
Maudling conceded publicly that it would be a "difficult job" to overturn the 216-seat majority that Wilson had won in 1966, but said he was "determined" to do the best he could in the election and hoped to become the next Prime Minister. Polls at the start of the campaign showed Labour leads of 7-12 points, but they narrowed as the campaign went on, ending in a 2-point Labour lead in the final poll, which still would've handed them a reasonably comfortable majority due to the sheer size of their 1966 landslide.
The election itself was a third successive Labour victory, the first time that had happened, and left Wilson with a much reduced majority of 82 seats. The Conservatives gained over 60 seats and had cut Labour's lead from over 12% in 1966 to under 5%. Despite this success, he resigned as Conservative leader shortly afterwards saying a new leader should "take our party forwards towards Government at the next election."
The leadership election for the Conservatives began almost immediately and three candidates put themselves forward. Quintin Hogg put his name forward for a second time, seeking to frame himself as the candidate to build on Maudling's election success. William Whitelaw threw his hat into the race, framing himself as the builder of bridges between the left and right of the party. And, Keith Joseph - one of the standard bearers of the Tory right - put his name forward, too. The first and only ballot took place on 8 April, which resulted in Quintin Hogg winning an absolute majority and the 15% lead over the second placed candidate as required under the rules. He was dully elected leader.
The 1976 United Kingdom General Election
Harold Wilson surprised the political world when he announced on 16 October 1974 that after 10 years as Prime Minister he would resign. A leadership election was immediately set into motion that, after two ballots, resulted in James Callaghan, the Foreign Secretary, becoming the Leader of the Labour Party. He was appointed Prime Minister on 1 November. Despite initial pressure for him to call a snap election, Callaghan maintained that the next election would take place in 1976 at the expiry of the current term. This gave him just over a year as Prime Minister before having to call an election.
The election was called in mid-February for 18 March. The Conservatives launched a campaign emphasising the rise in unemployment, the increasing militant behaviour of trade unions who were "holding Labour to ransom" and the need for change after over eleven years of Labour government. Callaghan's campaign acknowledged there difficulties arising, but that they were ones that only a Labour could solve. The Liberal campaign was overshadowed by the political and sex scandal surrounding their leader, Jeremy Thrope, who refused to resign until after the election. Whilst this was expected to damage the Liberals, they did improve on their 1971 performance.
The election resulted in a Conservative majority of 89 and ended Callaghan's short tenure as Prime Minister and Labour's eleven years in power. Quintin Hogg was appointed Prime Minister on 19 March.
After the General Election, James Callaghan announced that he would not immediately resign but would seek to stay on until the local elections in May. He did this, he said, with the support of the executive of the Labour Party and his (now Shadow) Cabinet. Following the local elections on 6 May, which resulted in losses for Labour, Callaghan resigned and the process for a leadership election began. Three candidates put themselves forward. Roy Jenkins and Michael Foot stood again, joined by Tony Benn. The first, and only, ballot of the election was held on 26 May 1976.
The 2019 Conservative Party Leadership Election
Boris Johnson became Leader of the Conservative Party on Monday 22 July 2019 following the result of the 2019 Conservative Party leadership election. On Tuesday 23 July 2019, Theresa May chaired her final Cabinet meeting as Prime Minister. On Wednesday 24 July 2019, Theresa May attended her final Prime Minister's Questions as Prime Minister in the House of Commons. That afternoon, she travelled to Buckingham Palace to tender her resignation with The Queen. Shortly afterwards, Boris Johnson was invited to form a new government. Over the course of that afternoon, evening and the following day the new Prime Minister formed his Cabinet and reshuffled the junior ministerial ranks.
The Boris Cabinet
The new Prime Minister started to form his Cabinet within an hour of entering Downing Street. The Great Offices of State were, as is tradition, appointed first.
Sajid Javid was appointed as the new Chancellor of the Exchequer. To fill his shoes at the Home Office was Security Minister Ben Wallace. Jeremy Hunt was given a promotion to become Deputy Prime Minister and First Secretary of State. Andrea Leadsom was the somewhat surprising choice to fill his shoes at the Foreign Office.
Penny Mordaunt retained her position as Defence Secretary, having only held it for a couple of months. Former Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab returned to Cabinet as the new Justice Secretary and Lord Chancellor.
The new Brexit Secretary was Kit Malthouse, who had worked with Boris Johnson in London and famously brokered the Malthouse Compromise. Liz Truss, initially tipped to become Chancellor, was made the Business Secretary. Greg Hands was appointed International Trade Secretary.
Leadership contender Matt Hancock remained as Health Secretary. Michael Gove was moved to become the new Housing Secretary, with Therese Coffey succeeding him as Environment Secretary. Damian Hinds was another of the ministers to keep their job, in his case as Education Secretary.
Alok Sharma was appointed as Work and Pensions Secretary following the resignation of Amber Rudd. Tracey Crouch was appointed Culture Secretary. Theresa Villiers made a return to the Northern Ireland Office, whilst David Mundell and Alun Cairns stayed on as Scottish and Welsh Secretaries, respectively.
Gavin Williamson was appointed as the Leader of the House of Commons, while Baroness Evans retained her position as Leader of the House of Lords.
A small handful of others were given the right to attend Cabinet. They were the Minister without Portfolio and new Chairman of the Party, James Cleverly. The new Chief Whip, Steve Barclay. The new Chief Secretary, Julian Smith. The Attorney General, Geoffrey Cox. DExEU minister Steve Baker, charged with no-deal planning. And MHCLG minister Jake Berry, charged with overseeing the Northern Powerhouse.
The 2019 United Kingdom General Election
The Leader of the Opposition, Jeremy Corbyn, tabled a motion of no confidence in Her Majesty's Government. The debate and vote took place on the first day of Parliament's return from the summer recess - Tuesday 3 September. The result was 318-317 against the government, following the rebellion of three (previously) Conservative MPs: Dominic Grieve, Sam Gyimah and Guto Bebb.
The two-week period under the Fixed Term Parliaments Act 2011 during which a motion of confidence in a new government must be successful to avoid an election elapsed without success for either of the main parties on Tuesday 17 September. On that day, Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced he would go to Buckingham Palace the following day to formally request the dissolution of Parliament for a General Election. On Wednesday 18 September, a Crown proclamation was issued calling the General Election for Thursday 24 October. Parliament was dissolved the following day.
Opinion polls at the start of the campaign followed a pattern seen since early July: the Conservatives, Labour, Liberal Democrats and The Brexit Party locked in a four-way battle. The campaign was, as expected, dominated by Brexit. Labour suffered when Jeremy Corbyn refused to answer whether Labour would back 'Remain' or it's own negotiated deal in the referendum it said it would hold if it won the election. This helped ensure predictions of a rapid Liberal Democrat fall away didn't materialise. Momentum was sucked out of Nigel Farage and The Brexit Party over the course of the campaign, though, with Boris Johnson telling the country that the election was the "last opportunity to save Brexit" and that under him Britain would be out of the EU on 31st October - just 7 days after the election. In Scotland, the fracturing of the unionist vote helped open the door to the SNP in seats it had lost two years previously.
On election night, the Exit Poll predicted a Conservative majority of 4, with the Tories on 327, Labour on 210, the SNP on 46, the Liberal Democrats on 44, Plaid Cymru on 3, the Greens on 1, The Brexit Party on 1 and the others on 18. The actual results returned a healthy Conservative majority for Boris Johnson, but on just 31% of the national vote - a record low for a majority-winning government. Turnout fell by over 4%, blamed on Brexit discontent among the electorate. Labour suffered it's worst performance in terms of seats since 1935 and it's worst performance in terms of vote share since 1918. The Liberal Democrats just managed to leap frog the SNP to reclaim the 3rd party position it had lost four years ago. The SNP made a small number of gains. The Brexit Party failed to win any seats. In Northern Ireland, the Ulster Unionists, SDLP and Alliance all gained seats at the expense of the DUP and Sinn Fein. The Alliance won the third highest number of votes on 16.3%, compared to 23.1% for Sinn Fein and 32.4% for the DUP.
Conservative Majority of 28
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