English Canada/French Carolina: A Timeline

1. Thanks!
2. Because King Leopold II (say what you will about him) never "purchased" the Kongo, Africa doesn't see as much European colonization as IOTL. The Sahel, Central Africa and the Horn of Africa are largely independent. East Africa definitely has European influence, but direct colonization isn't likely ITTL.
3. The Commonwealth's population is already around 100 Million by 1900, due to OTL's Canada seeing much more settlement from the British than it did from the French. As for the welfare systems, I really have no clue how it'd look by 1900.
Well that's a significant increase from a total of 80 million in the US and Canada combined in 1900 in OTL. What does TTL Canadian prairies and arctic look like? To what extent are the British exploring their arctic holdings and extracting resources therefrom? Speaking of the arctic, what does Antarctica look like in TTL?
 
Well that's a significant increase from a total of 80 million in the US and Canada combined in 1900 in OTL. What does TTL Canadian prairies and arctic look like? To what extent are the British exploring their arctic holdings and extracting resources therefrom? Speaking of the arctic, what does Antarctica look like in TTL?
1. The Canadian Praries have been settled by this point, both by Americans moving west and European immigrants (mainly German, British and Scandinavian). The Arctic is still the Arctic, though, so not many people have moved there.
2. There have been a few gold rushes in the Arctic, but aside from that there's no real reason to move there.
3. Still full of Penguins.
 
Part 64: From The Cape to The Kalahari

In the second consecutive update on the Land of the Blessed Rains, I’ll go more in depth on the only region of Africa that I have a shred of credibility covering, Southern Africa. In 1850, the non-Indigenous population of the Republic of South Africa (Whites and Coloureds, basically) was 404,000 (1. I have absolutely no idea what the native African population was in 1850, and 2. I doubt that the South African government would’ve counted them)., growing at a steady clip due to a high birth rate and steady immigration from The Netherlands and Germany. After the explosion of immigration following the Dutch Civil War in the 1840s, the influx cooled down to about 2,500 per year during the 1850s, before reaching 5,000 per year by the end of the 1860s. The population grew to 558,000 by 1860 and 772,000 by 1870. After that, however, several key events would lead to a surge of European immigration to South Africa and change the course of the nation forever…

In 1872, Diamonds were discovered on the farm of Vooruitzicht in the Northern Cape, sparking a Diamond Rush that drew thousands of eager prospectors to the desert, both from inside South Africa and from overseas. Permanent immigration more than doubled from it’s previous levels from 1872-1875, before cooling down a bit after the rush concluded. However, that would only prove to be the warm-up, as the main event was still to come.

In 1885, gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand region of the Highveld, sparking a gold rush. However, this wasn’t any ordinary deposit of gold, but one of, if not the largest deposits of gold in the world. This seemingly endless deposit of gold (which is still being mined IOTL as of 2020) drew well over 100,000 prospectors turned settlers (I’m not counting those who returned home later on) through the latter half of the 1880s, and European settlement remained high throughout the 1890s. Goudenberg, the main center of the goldfields went from nonexistent in 1880 to a population of 125,000 in 1900. Kaapstad grew from 50,000 in 1850 to 275,000 in 1900, still the largest city in South Africa. The South African Government had also expanded northwards into the Namib and Kalahari deserts, the major settlements in those northern regions being Walvisbaai, Windhoek and Olijfhout.

By 1900, the White and Coloured population of South Africa had grown to 2,400,000, making up nearly half of the total population of 4.96 Million (the rest were almost entirely made up of Native Africans). Aside from the aforementioned Goudenberg and Kaapstad, some of the major cities and towns in South Africa included Stellenbosch, Paarl, Graaff-Reinet, Oudtshoorn, Swellendam, Mosselbaai and De Baai. Now, time for a brief touch-up on the neighboring British colony of Natal.

In contrast to the racially split South Africa, Natal retained a solid African majority of about 80%, due to its high Native population density. The non-African population was split pretty evenly between Whites (mainly British) and Indians, largely descended from laborers on sugarcane plantations. Aside from the capital of Port Natal, the major settlements in Natal were Richards Bay, Port Shepstone, New London, Umtata, Ladysmith and Newcastle. As with most of my updates, I don’t know how to close it out, so I’ll say farewell for now.
 
Perhaps it splits off into multiple states due to civil conflict thanks to the dreadfully obsolete administration.

I would personally like to see one of the states become one of the most developed countries in Asia and gain a Western army.

Maybe the state that becomes industrialized is Shandong, due to its large population at the time (at about 40 million) and its coastal location making it an excellent place for trade. Also, if it becomes industrialized, it can join Japan in a sort of alliance to keep the rest of China in line and control Asian trade.

What do you think, @Gabingston ?
Hmm, sounds interesting.
Admittedly, I have a soft spot for a surviving Qing Dynasty (or at least an Imperial China).
So, any other ideas for East Asia (China, Korea and Japan) in the Late 19th Century? That's gonna be my next update.
 
Poll on how much of East and Southeast Asia is colonized ITTL. IOTL, Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos were all colonized (many of those names originate from the colonial era), while Thailand (then known as Siam) and China for the most part escaped colonialism. The Philippines are already under British control and India is already a hodgepodge of European colonies and puppets ITTL, so they're out of the question. You guys elected for less of Africa to be colonized ITTL as compared to our own, but maybe you guys will decide a different fate for Asia. Alright, here's the poll: https://www.strawpoll.me/19343885
 
Part 65: Asia in the Late 19th Century
Part 65: Asia in the Late 19th Century

Instead of my normal style of update, I’m gonna be doing a brief rundown of East Asia in the last few decades of the 19th Century by country and/or region:

  • Japan: Japan continued to reform and westernize, developing a sizeable industrial base and taking large amounts of influence from Britain and America, the latter housing a sizeable Japanese diaspora (more on that in a future update).
  • Korea: After being hesitant to western influence at first, the Joseon dynasty reformed into the Korean Empire, while also being contested between the three dueling powers of Japan, Russia and China.
  • China: The Chinese governance system was steeped in millennia of Confucian tradition, but by the Late 19th Century it’d become clear that the system was in need of some serious reforms in order to keep up with the West. Military reforms were instituted after humiliation by the British and Russians, but it was an often long and tiresome process, since the Chinese elite was by and large Conservative (and for good reason, don’t fix what ain’t broken). Many European exclaves exist on the coast of China, the most notable being Hong Kong, Macau, Guangzhouwan and Port Arthur, while the Japanese have their eyes set on the aforementioned Port Arthur, as well as Taiwan.
  • Indochina: Indochina remains mostly untouched by European colonialism, as except for the coast of Burma and select British outposts in Malaya, this region is entirely independent.
  • Indonesia: Most of Indonesia is under Dutch rule, but the islands of Timor and Flores are Portuguese, while native states like Aceh and Brunei remain independent.
  • India: Pretty much where it was at the end of the First Global War
 
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