Empire of New Castille

Another update! Though I can't comment on them much since continental European history is not my strong suit haha I'm more looking forward to needs of the Empire update
For minor nations and characters it is mostly summary. These are are plausible and possible just not expounded as Slime bob wishes. Otherwise, just like with an expounded Mexico chapters, it will probably take me 10-20 chapters just to intro Napoleon II starting 1823 just to include his gilded cage life.

The way I wrote the timeline is mostly focusing on Philippines, summarize what is happening around/outside the Philippines.

Ok noted....though re-wondering right now why Philippines did not initiate trade with Japan earlier. Though I know you've answered (to be answered in future updates) before but please may you explain in the future updates on Japan on why Philippines did not initiate trade earlier especially with the creation of Imperial Galleon Ships (1924). Now I think about it (especially when your south American update in 1848 came out), Philippines has all reasons to initiate trade with Japan (isolationist, forced either way), way earlier than US in 1852. (and US only initiate the forced opening up because they wanted a resupply base and save haven for their ships aside from trade since in OTL, they don't have any bases yet in the Pacific )

I mean they are neighbors, Philippines has a supply base in Bonin Islands, Japan is within the Pacific trade route of Philippines, Japan also allowed Chinese merchants but only in specific area, why can't they extend the same to Philippines? a fellow free Asian trade-searching neighbor, US is losing influence in the Pacific and Philippines is developing its Pacific mare nostrum policy under the watchful eyes of Britain (for better or for worse). Finally if Japan won't trade, Philippines can do gunboat diplomacy with the Imperial Galleons. Something like "See them? these are our major trade ships and so they'll bring Philippine goods to your coasts and be your friend....oh, you won't trade? well..... they can be fitted with cannons and guns, and so they can transform into your coastal nightmare. So...TRADE.WITH.US."

In the south American update, Philippine can tackle the combined navies of South Americas by itself. With that naval strength with Imperial Galleons, if all fails, they can do gunboat diplo earlier to Japan than OTL US year.
I will. In OTL, Japan did receive a lot of demands from European countries to open up until US came along, who sent multiple expeditions. The French in OTL sent multiple naval expeditions in 1844 and 1846 which were denied. Perry had to come back multiple times. So there must be a lot of fear from the Japanese to start opening up and that foreign nation must fund multiple expeditions until the Japanese realize they have to open up.

I already got a chapter 30 update that will eventually snowball to Japan. Andres is currently not focusing on Japan and putting a lot of efforts and resources on something or someone externally and internally will have to resolve the issue coming from Europe. Funding a naval mission to Japan is not currently viewed as a good return of investment. The navy is currently either patrolling pirates around China, Borneo and Mindanao or doing drills for Andres upcoming plans. The galleons are better off carrying trade goods from China, Americas or Europe.

The view on how to deal with Japan will change after Chapter 30. I just have to settle the issues in Europe and Americas, Philippines internally before going to Chapter 30.
 
For minor nations and characters it is mostly summary. These are are plausible and possible just not expounded as Slime bob wishes. Otherwise, just like with an expounded Mexico chapters, it will probably take me 10-20 chapters just to intro Napoleon II starting 1823 just to include his gilded cage life.

The way I wrote the timeline is mostly focusing on Philippines, summarize what is happening around/outside the Philippines.


I will. In OTL, Japan did receive a lot of demands from European countries to open up until US came along, who sent multiple expeditions. The French in OTL sent multiple naval expeditions in 1844 and 1846 which were denied. Perry had to come back multiple times. So there must be a lot of fear from the Japanese to start opening up and that foreign nation must fund multiple expeditions until the Japanese realize they have to open up.

I already got a chapter 30 update that will eventually snowball to Japan. Andres is currently not focusing on Japan and putting a lot of efforts and resources on something or someone externally and internally will have to resolve the issue coming from Europe. Funding a naval mission to Japan is not currently viewed as a good return of investment. The navy is currently either patrolling pirates around China, Borneo and Mindanao or doing drills for Andres upcoming plans. The galleons are better off carrying trade goods from China, Americas or Europe.

The view on how to deal with Japan will change after Chapter 30. I just have to settle the issues in Europe and Americas, Philippines internally before going to Chapter 30.
Ok, here's me waiting for chap 30 then hehe. I'm satified with the answer for now.

Hmmm...WHAT's Andres planning?....interesting....well, then i'll just wait for future updates to get my answers then. Watched
 
26. Prince of the Empire (1845-1850) New
26. Prince of the Empire (1845-1850)

October 10, 1850 Imperial Council Manila

Andres had four members in his council - Chief of General Staff from the Army, Chief of Naval Staff from the navy and the two ministers from Civil service; one for home office the other for foreign office.

They were reviewing the update from the foreign office of the situation in Europe.

The Dutch requested again that the Philippine government to stop Philippine merchants from supplying Javan rebels and Balinese with weapons.

The council discussed what options they have…

After the discussion on what to do with Dutch control of East Indies, Andres shares a letter from Queen Victoria accepting his request.

In 1845, Andres was getting old. His children were not interested nor qualified to run the state. His brother Mariano was ageing and his children were also not interested in politics nor qualified. They were more interested in arts, literature and the luxuries of life. Nor they joined the army or navy. One of Andres’ son was even thrown to the prison labor camp for killing one of the naval sailors during a bar fight. Imperial Judiciary found Andres’ son guilty. Andres’ mistress appealed to Andres to release their son. Andres did not interfere in the court’s proceedings. He does not want a rebellious navy. His son was thrown to the prison labor camps which Andres signs off. Andres' relationship with his family was strained. The army and navy won’t allow both Novales’ descendants to take power. Andres knows that if he had chosen one of the members of the army or navy, a civil war might spark.

His plan was to install a person that his army, navy would fear, respect to ensure continuity and stability. The British were feared by his army and navy knowing they can invade Manila anytime. Although they believe they can resist the first British attack, they do not believe they can win in the long run with British blockades. Any ambitious plans by opportunistic locals to execute and takeover a son of Queen Victoria may earn the wrath of the British which both military and economically could be disastrous.

Duke_Aumale_1.jpg

Henri d’ Orleans, Duke of Aumale​

In his letter in 1845, Andres offered the Philippine crown to Queen Victoria’s son Alfred upon his death. Queen Victoria and the British did not respond after 6 months. Then, Andres started inquiring other candidates that had significant navies. He inquired from the French and Russian nobilities. Philippine representatives was in contact with Napoleon II, then in exile in London. No one exactly knows what Philippine representatives and Napoleon II talked about but it was rumored that he was offered the crown. Henri d’ Orleans, Duke of Aumale, was also in contention. He had a distinguished military career during the French pacification of Algeria in 1847. Henri is the son of then, French King Louis Philippe. Grand Duke Konstantin was also considered. He is the son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia.

The Army had their own candidate they were pushing in the absence of a British candidate. Prince Charles (Friedrich Karl Alexander) of Prussia who is the brother of the current King Frederick William IV. Prince Charles served the Prussian army since the age of ten in 1811 and is now the Inspector-General of the army.

220px-Carl_von_Preußen.jpg

Prince Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia​

The Home office and the foreign office were very pro-British. The Foreign office policies were very much British aligned. The Home office is also very pro-British with a lot of British capital invested in the Philippines. The Navy was very pro-British with British advisors and naval officers trained by the British. However, in the absence of a British candidate, and the removal of Orleans line from French monarchy, and reestablishment of the Bonaparte’s in French government, the three offices would prefer a Bonaparte than a Hohenzollern.

220px-Gustave_Le_Gray,_Louis-Napoléon,_Prince-President_of_the_Republic,_1852.jpg

Louis Bonaparte​

When the British learned about Andres’ French, Prussian and Russian inquiries and the birth of Prince Arthur (third son of Queen Victoria), the British agreed to Andres’ proposal. The British did not want Andres handing over Philippines into the hands of the French or Russians or the Prussians which would push the Philippines away from British sphere of influence. The birth of Prince Arthur gave the British monarchy a spare to the heir, Prince Albert.

Alfred_Ernest_Albert_Duke_Edinburgh_02.jpg

Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh​

The Philippines was also not immune to protests or revolts like Europe. There were violent protests in Manila and Cebu in 1849 demanding more liberal laws. The Imperial Police arrested the protesters. In early 1850, there was an orderly protest by army and navy veterans at the streets of Ermita, Manila demanding right to vote. After their service, veterans lose the power or say once they were out of the army or navy. Andres and Imperial police only allowed these people to protest. He does not dare arrest veterans of the army and navy. Any other protesters were disapproved or rounded up as troublemakers.

Andres had a draft of the constitution, made by a committee appointed by Andres, and would form a regency (picked by Andres) upon his death until Alfred arrives and come to age.

The constitution includes all previous imperial decrees, freedom of religion, equality for all citizens, everyone gets a right to vote, and formation of an assembly/parliament. Citizenship can be acquired thru allegiance or birth. Legislation requires confirmation of the parliament and monarch. But the monarch gets to make legislation in case the Parliament is not in session. The Monarch retains most of his/her function including right to declare war, grant pardons, appoint ministers and judges, etc.

Andres tried to make the Judiciary under his reign independent, shielding them from the influence of military and home office. An independent judicial system was vital to the society he was creating. Technically, Andres had the power to manipulate the judiciary but he did not. He preferred the judiciary to practice interpreting with whatever law is written. He wanted this practice to continue after he is gone, with the power of judicial review separate from the monarch. He believes there should be prompt and impartial administration of justice to protect against the arbitrary will of the state.

The aim of Andres in the new constitution was to prevent crime rather than punish it. For that reason, torture was abolished and death penalty dropped for many crimes. Security and welfare of the community was the considered interest.

Censorship in all levels was still to be rigidly imposed except in the academics.

To prevent future repeat of army and navy veteran protests, the Imperial government organized veteran’s association for the army and navy. They will vote for representatives which will have direct access to the emperor and parliament. Right to peaceful assembly was allowed inside private homes or buildings. Political assembly, protest at public areas were not allowed. The police can arrest those who violate public spaces.

The council objects on several clauses on the draft. The army and navy rejects that everyone gets the right to vote. The army was the one who voted Andres in power not the people in 1823. The army and navy brass believes that right to vote should only belong to the people who serve within the military branches, enforce discipline and obedience to the state. Andres resolves the issue by citizens can only vote if they serve in the army or navy for 5 years. The Civil service representatives, composing of a lot of women civil servants, wants women to vote. The Army and Navy did not recruit females. Andres negotiates by forcing the Army and the navy to open both their branches to female recruits limiting them to non-combat assignments from medical personnel to administration and logistics.

Another contention is the right to run for member of parliament. The council rejects the idea that everyone should be able to run for office. Not everyone should be able to run without qualification. They added that the member must pass the civil service exam and serve Civil Service for 5 years (home office or foreign office). Then, one can run for member of parliament.

The Imperial council also wants descendants of Alfred to serve their branches for 10 years. All members of the imperial family should serve 3 years in the army and another 2 years in the navy and will be treated like everyone else with no special treatment. Then, serve another 3 years at home office, 2 years at the foreign office. Everyone must pass the civil service exam. Succession is absolute cognatic primogeniture. If one of Alfred’s descendant refuses service, they were out of succession and were stripped of any title and salary/allowance. If descendant is too young, the succession passes to the next in line who had completed government service.

After the issues were resolved, the army, navy and civil service both supported Alfred and the new Constitution.

With British approval, Spanish was added to Alfred’s curriculum of Latin, French and German. Andres regularly sends him books about the Philippines, laws and history. He also sends him news and updates on the life in the Philippines.

Nearing the end of the council meeting, Andres reminds them of dinner, to celebrate the retirement Jose Azcarraga Secretary of the Foreign office. The dinner will be held at Malacanang river house owned by Johannes Andreas Zobel, Jose’s friend and German migrant, local pharmaceutical mogul.[1] Everybody congratulates Jose in his last day in the Imperial council.

Before the meeting was adjourned, a Gurkha guard entered accompanying a man and Andres’ personal secretary. He was Andres next meeting.

This man was tall and features similar to a mestizo Sangley Filipino. Andres’ personal secretary presents him as Francisco Mercado.[2]

Andres is planning to build railways and telegraph lines all over Luzon. Francisco will be heading the construction of the railway and telegraph lines. He will begin with the line from Manila to Cavite City with a distance of 25 kilometers. Francisco will be assisted by British advisors and engineers.

Andres looks at the document of Francisco Mercado, combination of public records and research done by the Emperor’s eyes.

Born in Biñan Laguna 1818, Francisco Mercado’s father died in 1826. He attended public primary school, then graduated with multiple degrees of engineering at Varela University. He was part of the team that built the extension of railways and telegraphs in Cebu. He married a woman named Teodora Alonso in 1848, who he met at Varela University, graduating in Commerce. Teodora started several businesses in Calamba. They have a one-month-old child named Saturnina. [3]

[1] Johannes Andreas Zobel migration happened in OTL in 1832 and TTL. He was one of the patriarchs of the current billionaire Zobel-Ayala clan in OTL; Malacanang was not bought by the government TTL

[2] Francisco Mercado retained his name due TTL not having the OTL Spanish Claveria in 1849 decree forcing Filipinos to adopt Spanish approved names. However, due to changes in TTL, public school was more appealing than private school which offered Latin that Francisco took in OTL. He also took Latin and Philosophy in OTL in Colegio de San Jose compared to Varela University engineering TTL.

[3] Teodora Alonso and Saturnina remain as OTL except Teodora enrolls in business in TTL Varela University. In OTL Teodora met Francisco Mercado in Colegio de San Jose. Her education background in OTL was mathematics and literature. She was born in 1827 same as OTL.
 
26. Prince of the Empire (1845-1850)

October 10, 1850 Imperial Council Manila

Andres had four members in his council - Chief of General Staff from the Army, Chief of Naval Staff from the navy and the two ministers from Civil service; one for home office the other for foreign office.

They were reviewing the update from the foreign office of the situation in Europe.

The Dutch requested again that the Philippine government to stop Philippine merchants from supplying Javan rebels and Balinese with weapons.

The council discussed what options they have…

After the discussion on what to do with Dutch control of East Indies, Andres shares a letter from Queen Victoria accepting his request.

In 1845, Andres was getting old. His children were not interested nor qualified to run the state. His brother Mariano was ageing and his children were also not interested in politics nor qualified. They were more interested in arts, literature and the luxuries of life. Nor they joined the army or navy. One of Andres’ son was even thrown to the prison labor camp for killing one of the naval sailors during a bar fight. Imperial Judiciary found Andres’ son guilty. Andres’ mistress appealed to Andres to release their son. Andres did not interfere in the court’s proceedings. He does not want a rebellious navy. His son was thrown to the prison labor camps which Andres signs off. Andres' relationship with his family was strained. The army and navy won’t allow both Novales’ descendants to take power. Andres knows that if he had chosen one of the members of the army or navy, a civil war might spark.

His plan was to install a person that his army, navy would fear, respect to ensure continuity and stability. The British were feared by his army and navy knowing they can invade Manila anytime. Although they believe they can resist the first British attack, they do not believe they can win in the long run with British blockades. Any ambitious plans by opportunistic locals to execute and takeover a son of Queen Victoria may earn the wrath of the British which both military and economically could be disastrous.

View attachment 667965
Henri d’ Orleans, Duke of Aumale​

In his letter in 1845, Andres offered the Philippine crown to Queen Victoria’s son Alfred upon his death. Queen Victoria and the British did not respond after 6 months. Then, Andres started inquiring other candidates that had significant navies. He inquired from the French and Russian nobilities. Philippine representatives was in contact with Napoleon II, then in exile in London. No one exactly knows what Philippine representatives and Napoleon II talked about but it was rumored that he was offered the crown. Henri d’ Orleans, Duke of Aumale, was also in contention. He had a distinguished military career during the French pacification of Algeria in 1847. Henri is the son of then, French King Louis Philippe. Grand Duke Konstantin was also considered. He is the son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia.

The Army had their own candidate they were pushing in the absence of a British candidate. Prince Charles (Friedrich Karl Alexander) of Prussia who is the brother of the current King Frederick William IV. Prince Charles served the Prussian army since the age of ten in 1811 and is now the Inspector-General of the army.

View attachment 667966
Prince Friedrich Karl Alexander of Prussia​

The Home office and the foreign office were very pro-British. The Foreign office policies were very much British aligned. The Home office is also very pro-British with a lot of British capital invested in the Philippines. The Navy was very pro-British with British advisors and naval officers trained by the British. However, in the absence of a British candidate, and the removal of Orleans line from French monarchy, and reestablishment of the Bonaparte’s in French government, the three offices would prefer a Bonaparte than a Hohenzollern.

View attachment 667967
Louis Bonaparte​

When the British learned about Andres’ French, Prussian and Russian inquiries and the birth of Prince Arthur (third son of Queen Victoria), the British agreed to Andres’ proposal. The British did not want Andres handing over Philippines into the hands of the French or Russians or the Prussians which would push the Philippines away from British sphere of influence. The birth of Prince Arthur gave the British monarchy a spare to the heir, Prince Albert.

View attachment 667968
Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh​

The Philippines was also not immune to protests or revolts like Europe. There were violent protests in Manila and Cebu in 1849 demanding more liberal laws. The Imperial Police arrested the protesters. In early 1850, there was an orderly protest by army and navy veterans at the streets of Ermita, Manila demanding right to vote. After their service, veterans lose the power or say once they were out of the army or navy. Andres and Imperial police only allowed these people to protest. He does not dare arrest veterans of the army and navy. Any other protesters were disapproved or rounded up as troublemakers.

Andres had a draft of the constitution, made by a committee appointed by Andres, and would form a regency (picked by Andres) upon his death until Alfred arrives and come to age.

The constitution includes all previous imperial decrees, freedom of religion, equality for all citizens, everyone gets a right to vote, and formation of an assembly/parliament. Citizenship can be acquired thru allegiance or birth. Legislation requires confirmation of the parliament and monarch. But the monarch gets to make legislation in case the Parliament is not in session. The Monarch retains most of his/her function including right to declare war, grant pardons, appoint ministers and judges, etc.

Andres tried to make the Judiciary under his reign independent, shielding them from the influence of military and home office. An independent judicial system was vital to the society he was creating. Technically, Andres had the power to manipulate the judiciary but he did not. He preferred the judiciary to practice interpreting with whatever law is written. He wanted this practice to continue after he is gone, with the power of judicial review separate from the monarch. He believes there should be prompt and impartial administration of justice to protect against the arbitrary will of the state.

The aim of Andres in the new constitution was to prevent crime rather than punish it. For that reason, torture was abolished and death penalty dropped for many crimes. Security and welfare of the community was the considered interest.

Censorship in all levels was still to be rigidly imposed except in the academics.

To prevent future repeat of army and navy veteran protests, the Imperial government organized veteran’s association for the army and navy. They will vote for representatives which will have direct access to the emperor and parliament. Right to peaceful assembly was allowed inside private homes or buildings. Political assembly, protest at public areas were not allowed. The police can arrest those who violate public spaces.

The council objects on several clauses on the draft. The army and navy rejects that everyone gets the right to vote. The army was the one who voted Andres in power not the people in 1823. The army and navy brass believes that right to vote should only belong to the people who serve within the military branches, enforce discipline and obedience to the state. Andres resolves the issue by citizens can only vote if they serve in the army or navy for 5 years. The Civil service representatives, composing of a lot of women civil servants, wants women to vote. The Army and Navy did not recruit females. Andres negotiates by forcing the Army and the navy to open both their branches to female recruits limiting them to non-combat assignments from medical personnel to administration and logistics.

Another contention is the right to run for member of parliament. The council rejects the idea that everyone should be able to run for office. Not everyone should be able to run without qualification. They added that the member must pass the civil service exam and serve Civil Service for 5 years (home office or foreign office). Then, one can run for member of parliament.

The Imperial council also wants descendants of Alfred to serve their branches for 10 years. All members of the imperial family should serve 3 years in the army and another 2 years in the navy and will be treated like everyone else with no special treatment. Then, serve another 3 years at home office, 2 years at the foreign office. Everyone must pass the civil service exam. Succession is absolute cognatic primogeniture. If one of Alfred’s descendant refuses service, they were out of succession and were stripped of any title and salary/allowance. If descendant is too young, the succession passes to the next in line who had completed government service.

After the issues were resolved, the army, navy and civil service both supported Alfred and the new Constitution.

With British approval, Spanish was added to Alfred’s curriculum of Latin, French and German. Andres regularly sends him books about the Philippines, laws and history. He also sends him news and updates on the life in the Philippines.

Nearing the end of the council meeting, Andres reminds them of dinner, to celebrate the retirement Jose Azcarraga Secretary of the Foreign office. The dinner will be held at Malacanang river house owned by Johannes Andreas Zobel, Jose’s friend and German migrant, local pharmaceutical mogul.[1] Everybody congratulates Jose in his last day in the Imperial council.

Before the meeting was adjourned, a Gurkha guard entered accompanying a man and Andres’ personal secretary. He was Andres next meeting.

This man was tall and features similar to a mestizo Sangley Filipino. Andres’ personal secretary presents him as Francisco Mercado.[2]

Andres is planning to build railways and telegraph lines all over Luzon. Francisco will be heading the construction of the railway and telegraph lines. He will begin with the line from Manila to Cavite City with a distance of 25 kilometers. Francisco will be assisted by British advisors and engineers.

Andres looks at the document of Francisco Mercado, combination of public records and research done by the Emperor’s eyes.

Born in Biñan Laguna 1818, Francisco Mercado’s father died in 1826. He attended public primary school, then graduated with multiple degrees of engineering at Varela University. He was part of the team that built the extension of railways and telegraphs in Cebu. He married a woman named Teodora Alonso in 1848, who he met at Varela University, graduating in Commerce. Teodora started several businesses in Calamba. They have a one-month-old child named Saturnina. [3]

[1] Johannes Andreas Zobel migration happened in OTL in 1832 and TTL. He was one of the patriarchs of the current billionaire Zobel-Ayala clan in OTL; Malacanang was not bought by the government TTL

[2] Francisco Mercado retained his name due TTL not having the OTL Spanish Claveria in 1849 decree forcing Filipinos to adopt Spanish approved names. However, due to changes in TTL, public school was more appealing than private school which offered Latin that Francisco took in OTL. He also took Latin and Philosophy in OTL in Colegio de San Jose compared to Varela University engineering TTL.

[3] Teodora Alonso and Saturnina remain as OTL except Teodora enrolls in business in TTL Varela University. In OTL Teodora met Francisco Mercado in Colegio de San Jose. Her education background in OTL was mathematics and literature. She was born in 1827 same as OTL.
I'm sorry if I don't make any sense right now...this update just made me drunk on pure endorphins and I might comment on it again later once I gained my brain faculties back (i'm not thinking straight at this time) haha

FINALY, you addressed the succesion problem I kept on asking about and Philippines retained its monarchy government with an heir in mind. I was half expecting a transitonal constitution to a republic (since you specially said that it was on purpose that there was no law on the succession, and here I was thinking, oh Andes is thinking a republic or something...). Prince Alfred huh, I don't know so much about him but I thik its time to read more on him haha...(wondering though if Andres ever considered the Spanish monarchy but given the circumstances, perhaps not....)

The ending was delish, Mr. Mercado is looking great! In fact his appearance is the one that flew me over to the moon. Hmmm, an engineer too....and Mrs. Teodora is businessnesswoman this TTL hmmmmmmm....are we looking at a future family clan whose business is somewhere on the lines of transportation?.....I can see our future you-know-who devoting their lives to trains, railways and transportations. They are a bright one too so more innovations on the field.....what will be those innovations, I wonder?

PS:

Though wondering, would the British royal family ever give one of their own to the Philippine crown? While its a boon for Philippines (and Affie himself would be Emperor of the Philippines Islands), isn't Philippines a particularly fairly new monarchy (compared with other monarchies in Europe which are already established for generations) and there's always the subtle racism. (Why should we send our prince to this asian brown country? There are more better places or matches in Europe for our dear prince).

Would Philippines love this foreign British royalty to be their future king? Will Prince Affie himself love the Philippines despite being from Britain? (It will be a big adjustment for him to move permanently into a tropical country if the diseases doesn't get him first). Also, i just realized that Affie may put Britain first rather than Phils especially if he spent his early years in Britain. Would this be an issue later for Phils, having a monarch with this attachment to his mother country. He may have his 10 years of service to and may swear loyalty to Phils but Britain will always be at the back of his head, having been raised there. Why prince Affie and not Arthur? Let Affie be the spare while Arthur gets Philippines.

I really like Prince Affie as the heir, he apparently loves the Navy (though by this time no one knows yet), i can imagine the implications and butterflies from this...one thing for sure though, with a British-born monarch, Philippines will be a major british ally in Southeast Asia in the years to come.

Does Emperor Andres have plan B in case Affie doesn't make it to adulthood? The spare? After all, we can never be too sure of people's fates....

And the title will still be Emperor? Cuz i can see british influencing filipinos to drop the title of Emperor so as not overshadow the Queen title.

And speaking of titles, since a british monarch may be its future ruler......maybe its high time that Philippines should change its name....it's bad taste to lead a country with a name practically that means "Islands belonging to Philip", a Spanish king. Hmmmm.....is this where your major title of this ATL comes in? Empire of New Castille? Still sounds Spanish though haha.

Little nitpicks hehe but overall, I'm happy with the update! I'm just glad that Philippine did not end up with major coups or such (one of the the things that plagues latin am).
 
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Will Alfred marry one of andres’s grand daughters?
To be determined. Might spoil, Alfred is still 6 years old.

I'm sorry if I don't make any sense right now...this update just made me drunk on pure endorphins and I might comment on it again later once I gained my brain faculties back (i'm not thinking straight at this time) haha

FINALY, you addressed the succesion problem I kept on asking about and Philippines retained its monarchy government with an heir in mind. I was half expecting a transitonal constitution to a republic (since you specially said that it was on purpose that there was no law on the succession, and here I was thinking, oh Andes is thinking a republic or something...). Prince Alfred huh, I don't know so much about him but I thik its time to read more on him haha...(wondering though if Andres ever considered the Spanish monarchy but given the circumstances, perhaps not....)
Too much a jump given whats in play in the Philippines. I started with an army man wanking the Philippines. So if we assume that army man wanks, his establishment and those surround him would be conservative nor not accepting having a republic. Having republic means a revolt, economic disruption, resources tied in civil war. Not good for wanking Philippines

Philippines atm is like a European like conservative reactionary monarchy to give time to develop.

The ending was delish, Mr. Mercado is looking great! In fact his appearance is the one that flew me over to the moon. Hmmm, an engineer too....and Mrs. Teodora is businessnesswoman this TTL hmmmmmmm....are we looking at a future family clan whose business is somewhere on the lines of transportation?.....I can see our future you-know-who devoting their lives to trains, railways and transportations. They are a bright one too so more innovations on the field.....what will be those innovations, I wonder?

PS:

Though wondering, would the British royal family ever give one of their own to the Philippine crown? While its a boon for Philippines (and Affie himself would be Emperor of the Philippines Islands), isn't Philippines a particularly fairly new monarchy (compared with other monarchies in Europe which are already established for generations) and there's always the subtle racism. (Why should we send our prince to this asian brown country? There are more better places or matches in Europe for our dear prince).
Andres is white mestizo, Varela is white, Insulares. The initial establishment were whites- Insulares, Creoles and Spanish mestizos. Even Jose who dealt with Mexico and the one retiring as minister of Foreign office is white born in Basque/Peninsulares.

At the moment, racially Philippines is top white. Brazil comes into mind with their monarch when Pedro I took power. Those that deal with British(foreign office) are mostly white. Most of the Chinese and brown skin Filipinos still needs time to be educated and trained so they are upstarts, or middle management.

There is racism in play. But to have a friendly and powerful country near China given to another European nobility. It is the next best thing of the British colonizing the Philippines. They can view Alfred as a British governor like managing another colony (e.g. British India or Singapore/Malaya) if they want.

Would Philippines love this foreign British royalty to be their future king? Will Prince Affie himself love the Philippines despite being from Britain? (It will be a big adjustment for him to move permanently into a tropical country if the diseases doesn't get him first). Also, i just realized that Affie may put Britain first rather than Phils especially if he spent his early years in Britain. Would this be an issue later for Phils, having a monarch with this attachment to his mother country. He may have his 10 years of service to and may swear loyalty to Phils but Britain will always be at the back of his head, having been raised there. Why prince Affie and not Arthur? Let Affie be the spare while Arthur gets Philippines.

I really like Prince Affie as the heir, he apparently loves the Navy (though by this time no one knows yet), i can imagine the implications and butterflies from this...one thing for sure though, with a British-born monarch, Philippines will be a major british ally in Southeast Asia in the years to come.

Does Emperor Andres have plan B in case Affie doesn't make it to adulthood? The spare? After all, we can never be too sure of people's fates....
Queen Victoria can always give another son if the British so wished or another one of royals. Not unless they want a Bonaparte or a Prussian or a Romanov in the Philippine throne.

As for Arthur vs Alfred, Andres asked for Alfred in 1845. But the British could give Arthur. Let us see who will rule.

With the 10 years of service, I carefully chose descendants of Alfred. Alfred being exempted. Being Queen Victoria's sons carries a lot of weight in TTL Philippines including the Navy and home office.

And the title will still be Emperor? Cuz i can see british influencing filipinos to drop the title of Emperor so as not overshadow the Queen title.

And speaking of titles, since a british monarch may be its future ruler......maybe its high time that Philippines should change its name....it's bad taste to lead a country with a name practically that means "Islands belonging to Philip", a Spanish king. Hmmmm.....is this where your major title of this ATL comes in? Empire of New Castille? Still sounds Spanish though haha.

Little nitpicks hehe but overall, I'm happy with the update! I'm just glad that Philippine did not end up with major coups or such (one of the the things that plagues latin am).
Could be. Lets see what the title will be. Andres has not died yet...

New Castille is the name of Luzon. Although it is a Philippine wank, majority of the manpower, industry talent will be based in Luzon. Cebu despite the most advance island is too small, around 20 times smaller than Luzon to carry the Philippines to regional power status.
 
At the moment, racially Philippines is top white. Brazil comes into mind with their monarch when Pedro I took power. Those that deal with British(foreign office) are mostly white. Most of the Chinese and brown skin Filipinos still needs time to be educated and trained so they are upstarts, or middle management.

There is racism in play. But to have a friendly and powerful country near China given to another European nobility. It is the next best thing of the British colonizing the Philippines. They can view Alfred as a British governor like managing another colony (e.g. British India or Singapore/Malaya) if they want.

So in essence, Philippines formally becomes an official part of the British empire if Alfred ascends to the throne (minus the bloodshed & revolts that usually comes with it) though constitutionally, Emperor Alfred leads a sovereign independent nation, just really really pro-British leanings....

Queen Victoria can always give another son if the British so wished or another one of royals. Not unless they want a Bonaparte or a Prussian or a Romanov in the Philippine throne.

As for Arthur vs Alfred, Andres asked for Alfred in 1845. But the British could give Arthur. Let us see who will rule.

With the 10 years of service, I carefully chose descendants of Alfred. Alfred being exempted. Being Queen Victoria's sons carries a lot of weight in TTL Philippines including the Navy and home office.
I'm alright with Alfred actually haha well, then let's see then....

New Castille is the name of Luzon. Although it is a Philippine wank, majority of the manpower, industry talent will be based in Luzon. Cebu despite the most advance island is too small, around 20 times smaller than Luzon to carry the Philippines to regional power status.
True, true I think the only islands that could support a large population like Luzon would be Mindanao and Borneo but as of now, it is very unlikely (Andres is not even focusing on them, just the profits he can gain as of now...the way Andres is treating these southern islands apart from Bohol, Cebu and Northern Mindanao, they might as well be colonies of Imperial Luzon.....and this hurts my southern heart. If Imperial Luzon keeps this status quo for the decades to come then I kinda wish that the southern islands would push for federalism or secession (if worst comes to worst). It can could be possible with the OTL culture more persisting in these areas and they will view Andresians (people in directly controlled islands) different from them.
 
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So in essence, Philippines formally becomes an official part of the British empire if Alfred ascends to the throne (minus the bloodshed & revolts that usually comes with it) though constitutionally, Emperor Alfred leads a sovereign independent nation, just really really pro-British leanings....
No it will not, as it is not a union its just the Emperor is British and most of the aristocrats/Philippine nobility are natives or is it Namayan? And if the monarch got too pro british in the sense of being a vassal like relationship well someone might be angry and goes coups and revolts. Or Pulling a Santa Anna as I call
 
So in essence, Philippines formally becomes an official part of the British empire if Alfred ascends to the throne (minus the bloodshed & revolts that usually comes with it) though constitutionally, Emperor Alfred leads a sovereign independent nation, just really really pro-British leanings....


I'm alright with Alfred actually haha well, then let's see then....


True, true I think the only islands that could support a large population like Luzon would be Mindanao and Borneo but as of now, it is very unlikely (Andres is not even focusing on them, just the profits he can gain as of now...the way Andres is treating these southern islands apart from Bohol, Cebu and Northern Mindanao, they might as well be colonies of Imperial Luzon.....and this hurts my southern heart. If Imperial Luzon keeps this status quo for the decades to come then I kinda wish that the southern islands would push for federalism or secession (if worst comes to worst). It can could be possible with the OTL culture more persisting in these areas and they will view Andresians (people in directly controlled islands) different from them.
Andres is not really treating the southern islands badly. He does not have complete sight on these islands. His Emperor's eyes are somewhere else like outside the Philippines or Luzon mostly(those who would most likely rebel against him since the Army and reserves are stationed in Luzon). The resources that would have made these corruption known are the Emperors eyes which are being used to keep him alive.

In the earlier updates, The inspectors are being bribed. So in the view of Andres every governor is doing right .

e.g. Official imperial reports given to Andres would put literacy at 60%-80% but in reality they are like 5-10%. Roads and infrastructure are the same as Luzon but are not, etc.

Assuming Andres actually visits lets say Panay Island accompanied by the navy or army, he will be shocked of what he will see, probably would decapitate every governor and mayor in that island. Then, reforming his inspectors.

It is one of the weakness of having multiple islands before telegraphs, modern tech. Easier to hide corruption especially if taxes/cash going to Manila are what is expected to be. It is like the Eye of Sauron(Andres) is not focused on the other islands. Everybody is trying to keep a low profile to enrich themselves.

No it will not, as it is not a union its just the Emperor is British and most of the aristocrats/Philippine nobility are natives or is it Namayan? And if the monarch got too pro british in the sense of being a vassal like relationship well someone might be angry and goes coups and revolts. Or Pulling a Santa Anna as I call
No nobility in the Philippines. Andres and Mariano's children cannot inherit any titles. Andres did not put any law to make them nobility. As of 1850 Philippine constitution, only Alfred and his descendants can be considered nobility. But their nobility is dependent if they would serve the government institutions.

Coups are less likely. The first draft I put OTL Maximilian Hapsburg ( of Mexico) as Emperor of the Philippines. But that would end as a coup since Austrians dont have the power projection of the British.

Alfred as monarch, very minimal chance. Everybody who has the power to coup either is friendly to British or scared of the British. The powers that be dont want the British treating the Philippines like China in TTL Opium war since the Filipinos saw it first hand. And the British arent far away. Hong Kong and Singapore or Royal navy ships visiting and docked in Manila Bay.

While the Gurkha Guards are too loyal.

All of the Philippine military and Philippine government is monarchist aligned at this time. And if they would attempt a coup it is more or less they will put a European nobility in power. Like if the Army coup, the preference would be putting a Hohenzollern as monarch rather one of them in power. That is of course if the army can overpower the Navy and the Gurkha guards with British help.
 
No it will not, as it is not a union its just the Emperor is British and most of the aristocrats/Philippine nobility are natives or is it Namayan? And if the monarch got too pro british in the sense of being a vassal like relationship well someone might be angry and goes coups and revolts. Or Pulling a Santa Anna as I call
Hhmmm....Namayan did say that the by this time the monarchy is well established in Luzon (do remember that Andres already crushed any revolts such as the Palmeros etc by this time and the places that matters (Luzon, Bohol and Cebu) are well underway of being educated under the Andresian education (which keeps the masses loyal to crown) and significant developments in the cities in these areas (such as better healthcare, better economy which leads to more job opportunities, better infrastructure etc coupled with intolerance of troublemakers or those against imperial law) gives rise to masses that have better amenities and are contented more or less (which keeps them from fully revolting) with a healthy dose of respect/fear of the Empire (as long as they follow the rules).

In the recent chapter, the poeple who matter most in the earliest years in Andres government are the military seeing that they are ones who made Andres the emperor....I think the question here slime-blob is that,are these military men are old philippine nobility? or are they mestizos, creoles, insulares, of the old spanish government who hated discrimination? (which leads to meritocratic mindset), then you'll have any idea what the trend in this ATL Philippines politics.

But yeah, these nobility (if they are civilians rather military, they would have to join the military to have more influence) in the directly controlled areas had to play nice with the Empire laws at this time or else face consequences (I mean, this is the Andres who let his own son jailed by the laws of the empire, if he can do that to his own son, what's stopping him from doing it to other nobles?). The established elites/nobles in less directly controlled areas like Visayas and Mindanao however............
 
It is one of the weakness of having multiple islands before telegraphs, modern tech. Easier to hide corruption especially if taxes/cash going to Manila are what is expected to be. It is like the Eye of Sauron(Andres) is not focused on the other islands. Everybody is trying to keep a low profile to enrich themselves.
I did say Andres did not focus on these island and thus the unintended consequences (unequal development of the islands etc. which may lead to case wherein Luzon is the one developing the most while others lag behind) for many decades to come. In this ATL, I can see among Luzon masses the rise of middle classes of educators, professionals and entrepreneurs while their island neighbors remains underdeveloped. (same issues as OTL Philippines today more or less)

I did not really say that Andres treated them badly.....I think they are just neglected in other parts of governance (for Andres, as long as the money keeps coming in, he wouldn't really prod more and just be content with what is being reported to him, he wouldn't really double check for the possible corruption).....

My other nitpick would be Andres himself. I'm so amused that he's this morally just character (his refusal to manipulate the judiciary and his treatment of his son is what gets me, any absolute autocrat would have manipulated a bit if technically he can get away with it, such is human nature)

But he does have his fair share of controversial decisions (genocide of the Igorots in Cordilleras is one, your tidbit on how modern historians think on this subject shows this). So, I think that evens out???....

Coups are less likely. The first draft I put OTL Maximilian Hapsburg ( of Mexico) as Emperor of the Philippines. But that would end as a coup since Austrians dont have the power projection of the British.
Well, in this ATL...can Mexico still have their second Mexican empire? Have Hapsburg be the king (or some one else more favorable to UK whom they have a defensive treaty by this time, you know, against United States? and this just made me think of an idea, why don't we have Prince Arthur be the King? that way this solidifies Mexico defense alliance with UK against US. The French may go after the US (by force or alliance) this time instead of Mexico to counteract British presence/alliance with Mex....god, the butterflies here but then........Mex really looks up to French liberalism and army too so....eh idk now haha) With this....are you willing to do another update on Mexico? Cause I'm now curious of what will happen to Mexico with all the 1848 butterflies in Europe. Even just a summary will be good!
 
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I did say Andres did not focus on these island and thus the unintended consequences (unequal development of the islands etc. which may lead to case wherein Luzon is the one developing the most while others lag behind) for many decades to come. In this ATL, I can see among Luzon masses the rise of middle classes of educators, professionals and entrepreneurs while their island neighbors remains underdeveloped. (same issues as OTL Philippines today more or less)

I did not really say that Andres treated them badly.....I think they are just neglected in other parts of governance (for Andres, as long as the money keeps coming in, he wouldn't really prod more and just be content with what is being reported to him, he wouldn't really double check for the possible corruption).....

My other nitpick would be Andres himself. I'm so amused that he's this morally just character (his refusal to manipulate the judiciary and his treatment of his son is what gets me, any absolute autocrat would have manipulated a bit if technically he can get away with it, such is human nature)

But he does have his fair share of controversial decisions (genocide of the Igorots in Cordilleras is one, your tidbit on how modern historians think on this subject shows this). So, I think that evens out???....
Not a morally just character, more or less his decisions benefit the nation, a patriot. He did allow genocide and conquest of Borneo. He is a typical imperialist.

Although he is doing good as patriot of the country, him letting his son go to prison to follow laws/judiciary independence made him less popular among his children and his mistress. Or that Andres was willing to pass the leadership to another person from a foreign land to benefit his country rather than giving to his family.

Andresians will emulate his actions, more patriotic, law obedient, frugal, less on family.

Well, in this ATL...can Mexico still have their second Mexican empire? Have Hapsburg be the king (or some one else more favorable to UK whom they have a defensive treaty by this time, you know, against United States? and this just made me think of an idea, why don't we have Prince Arthur be the King? that way this solidifies Mexico defense alliance with UK against US. The French may go after the US (by force or alliance) this time instead of Mexico to counteract British presence/alliance with Mex....god, the butterflies here but then........Mex really looks up to French liberalism and army too so....eh idk now haha) With this....are you willing to do another update on Mexico? Cause I'm now curious of what will happen to Mexico with all the 1848 butterflies in Europe. Even just a summary will be good!
Mexico is too stable at this point to switch from republic to empire. Hapsburgs last update got fragmented. They still rule the hapsburg empire but independently. Maximilian is ruling Hungary.

U.S. is still too powerful. Mexico got lucky last war. Before the North American war started US demographics was still large 19M the industrialize areas are still intact which are in eastern USA and near the lakes. US human development is still top notch that i cannot simply butterfly them as automatic weak. They will produce a lot of tech like OTL in the mid 19th century.

Americas will be the next update. I am doing the updates by geography in a certain decade, then back to Philippines, then Europe since I havent dealt with the Germans in 1848 then back to Philippines.
 
In 1845, Andres was getting old. His children were not interested nor qualified to run the state. His brother Mariano was ageing and his children were also not interested in politics nor qualified. They were more interested in arts, literature and the luxuries of life. Nor they joined the army or navy. One of Andres’ son was even thrown to the prison labor camp for killing one of the naval sailors during a bar fight. Imperial Judiciary found Andres’ son guilty. Andres’ mistress appealed to Andres to release their son. Andres did not interfere in the court’s proceedings. He does not want a rebellious navy. His son was thrown to the prison labor camps which Andres signs off. Andres' relationship with his family was strained. The army and navy won’t allow both Novales’ descendants to take power. Andres knows that if he had chosen one of the members of the army or navy, a civil war might spark.
With this paragraph, I was thinking what if Novales did produce a son/daughter that is worthy (he's still 45 and if he did chose a younger mistress, the better), bonus points if this child is around Alfred's age and would be still too young to prove himself around the time Andres made his constitution. If this child grew up to emulate their father, charismatic, be an overachiever and prove themselves by merits that the council makes notice of it (moved partly by their desire to prove themselves to Andres, the strained relationship would just fuel them more....."I did this, I did that father! Even the council approve of me! Why shouldn't I lead this nation?)....well, I can imagine the resulting tensions from this

Philippines by this time is already meritocratic by then, it would be neglected but worthy child of Andres vs the heir-by-law british prince for the throne (a possible spark for a civil war, especially if this child gained enough followers among the military and civil service by their charisma and merits alone). Just an idea though hehehe

Andresians will emulate his actions, more patriotic, law obedient, frugal, less on family.
My goodness, I hope this does not erode so much the on the family oriented Filipino culture have in the directly controlled areas. But this may also a blessing in disguise, this might mean an Andresian raised Filipino family may emphasize that you contribute something worthwhile to the family/society to be welcomed and that you'll be punished socially among your family members if you're underperforming and If you're doing really that bad that you embarrassed your family, you'll be disowned (family -oriented meritocratic ethos, I think). Less inclination for rise of particular political dynasties wherein you can hold position of power by virtue of being born and raised in an established political family regardless of competence or lack thereof. (this might also tie in with the above idea: neglected but worthy of child of Andres wins the throne)

Would like to comment on this sentence too:
descendant is too young, the succession passes to the next in line who had completed government service.
Would it better for a regency to be set up (just like what Andres is doing for Alfred), until the heir in question grew up and proved themselves capable to lead (had undergone goverment service etc). Only pass the crown to the next in line if the current heir was unfit (abdicated or refused goverment services)
 
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Would it better for a regency to be set up (just like what Andres is doing for Alfred), until the heir in question grew up and proved themselves capable to lead (had undergone goverment service etc). Only pass the crown to the next in line if the current heir was unfit (abdicated or refused goverment services)
Regency possible. But my goal was to have a capable successor on the onset or the goal of the council. Have someone capable rather than just regency.

It is more like a mix of Primogeniture and Seniority.

I could edit later if need be.
 
The Imperial council also wants descendants of Alfred to serve their branches for 10 years. All members of the imperial family should serve 3 years in the army and another 2 years in the navy and will be treated like everyone else with no special treatment. Then, serve another 3 years at home office, 2 years at the foreign office. Everyone must pass the civil service exam. Succession is absolute cognatic primogeniture. If one of Alfred’s descendant refuses service, they were out of succession and were stripped of any title and salary/allowance. If descendant is too young, the succession passes to the next in line who had completed government service.
The council objects on several clauses on the draft. The army and navy rejects that everyone gets the right to vote. The army was the one who voted Andres in power not the people in 1823. The army and navy brass believes that right to vote should only belong to the people who serve within the military branches, enforce discipline and obedience to the state. Andres resolves the issue by citizens can only vote if they serve in the army or navy for 5 years. The Civil service representatives, composing of a lot of women civil servants, wants women to vote. The Army and Navy did not recruit females. Andres negotiates by forcing the Army and the navy to open both their branches to female recruits limiting them to non-combat assignments from medical personnel to administration and logistics.
I find it interesting that succession law is absolute cognatic primogeniture. At first time I read this, I assumed it was the male -preference cognatic primogeniture (skimmed lightly actually) and would explain why Andres would specifically ask for a male royal. Now I realized with this constitutional law, Andres can technically ask for Princess Alice (Queen Victoria already has Princess Royal Victoria, and a potentially, her daughter Alice to be empress regnant rather than consort?......why wouldn't Victoria give Alice to the Philippine crown then?) to be the future crown princess of the Philippine Islands (but given the male dominated field of Philippine army and navy, I have doubt if Andres could get away with that without risking a coup, I mean he already has to wrangle them into accepting the women recruits, but foreign and home council might be more amendable). Philippine culture with traces of pre colonial was always kinder to its women and it wouldn't be far fetched to have female monarch instead (hell, Britain has Queen Victoria though she was never the crown princess)

Imagine from the butterflies from this, an Empress who has contrast personality and character than strict and militaristic Andres. Due to that, her reigning era may be more contrasting than that of her predecessor and may ease Philippines from a militaristic police state to a more democratic state. Slow transfer of power from the military to civil side.

If butterflies are good to her, she'd would have the potential of being the Mother Empress of the Philippine Nation, known for her interest in the advancing medical fields and introduction or enhancement of civil or social services, her era marked by the declining power of the military. (Possible butterflies of doing away with the rigid military-like school education into a more humane style)

But because of this abrupt changes, there a really big chance that the military will try to coup her in an effort to preserve their power and prestige. (I mean in the new constitution, if has one has to vote, one has to pass through being a navy or army at one point, which adds more influence/power for the army and navy, which I kinda fear. Though as said by your last update, the fact she is of the same stock as Alfred, a British royal daughter of Queen Victoria, only a female one, would really deter the ambitious persons of exacting coups on her in fear of the British retaliation)

Maybe I just wanted her to have a chance, her OTL life was sad case of tragic circumstances.
and if no Alice, when will Philippines ease of its militaristic and autocratic state?

It also very interesting too if Philippines pursue the absolute primogeniture succession law at this point in time. Wasn't the norm in those years male preference/agnatic primogeniture?

Presently, Philippines is already a militaristic state, becoming like OTL Japan (where in the military has more power than the civil side because of its beginning of the army choosing Andres and Andres being a military leader himself) and if left unchecked, this might evolve into radical militarism (that later became Japan's downfall)
 
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Maybe I just wanted her to have a chance, her OTL life was sad case of tragic circumstances.
and if no Alice, when will Philippines ease of its militaristic and autocratic state?
Fortunately though, it had plenty of resources within its borders. It may just want trade concessions and captive markets to sell her produce, and that means taking advantage of China and Korea's weaker ability to resist foreign influence.
 
Fortunately though, it had plenty of resources within its borders. It may just want trade concessions and captive markets to sell her produce, and that means taking advantage of China and Korea's weaker ability to resist foreign influence.
True true, one of Japan's reason for radical militarism was the lack of resources......but still, the Philippine military is gaining much influence and power especially with the new constitution (the voting requirements is one thing). Someone like Princess Alice might counteract the military's influence in the government. (although Prince Alfred is a good choice too but someone like him might likely keep the military status quo)
 
I find it interesting that succession law is absolute cognatic primogeniture. At first time I read this, I assumed it was the male -preference cognatic primogeniture (skimmed lightly actually) and would explain why Andres would specifically ask for a male royal. Now I realized with this constitutional law, Andres can technically ask for Princess Alice (Queen Victoria already has Princess Royal Victoria, and a potentially, her daughter Alice to be empress regnant rather than consort?......why wouldn't Victoria give Alice to the Philippine crown then?) to be the future crown princess of the Philippine Islands (but given the male dominated field of Philippine army and navy, I have doubt if Andres could get away with that without risking a coup, I mean he already has to wrangle them into accepting the women recruits, but foreign and home council might be more amendable). Philippine culture with traces of pre colonial was always kinder to its women and it wouldn't be far fetched to have female monarch instead (hell, Britain has Queen Victoria though she was never the crown princess)

Imagine from the butterflies from this, an Empress who has contrast personality and character than strict and militaristic Andres. Due to that, her reigning era may be more contrasting than that of her predecessor and may ease Philippines from a militaristic police state to a more democratic state. Slow transfer of power from the military to civil side.

If butterflies are good to her, she'd would have the potential of being the Mother Empress of the Philippine Nation, known for her interest in the advancing medical fields and introduction or enhancement of civil or social services, her era marked by the declining power of the military. (Possible butterflies of doing away with the rigid military-like school education into a more humane style)

But because of this abrupt changes, there a really big chance that the military will try to coup her in an effort to preserve their power and prestige. (I mean in the new constitution, if has one has to vote, one has to pass through being a navy or army at one point, which adds more influence/power for the army and navy, which I kinda fear. Though as said by your last update, the fact she is of the same stock as Alfred, a British royal daughter of Queen Victoria, only a female one, would really deter the ambitious persons of exacting coups on her in fear of the British retaliation)

Maybe I just wanted her to have a chance, her OTL life was sad case of tragic circumstances.
and if no Alice, when will Philippines ease of its militaristic and autocratic state?

It also very interesting too if Philippines pursue the absolute primogeniture succession law at this point in time. Wasn't the norm in those years male preference/agnatic primogeniture?

Presently, Philippines is already a militaristic state, becoming like OTL Japan (where in the military has more power than the civil side because of its beginning of the army choosing Andres and Andres being a military leader himself) and if left unchecked, this might evolve into radical militarism (that later became Japan's downfall)
I chose Alfred due to Andres still coming from Machismo culture despite tolerating gender equality. Before the Constitution, females weren't even allowed in the military.

The pressure of the Home office and the earlier development of gender equality in the Philippines due to earlier reemergence of parts of Philippine culture was part of the decision.

But choosing the Andres' successor now as female will not go well with the Army, Navy brass. The succession in Constitution only applies post Alfred.

Gender equality is one of the Filipino culture that will be retained by Andresians. Andres reign can be considered more advance than the West in Social development allowing even females to vote, gain power. And other things like hygiene, healthcare, etc. It is the product of pre Hispanic culture reemerging.
 
I chose Alfred due to Andres still coming from Machismo culture despite tolerating gender equality. Before the Constitution, females weren't even allowed in the military.

The pressure of the Home office and the earlier development of gender equality in the Philippines due to earlier reemergence of parts of Philippine culture was part of the decision.

But choosing the Andres' successor now as female will not go well with the Army, Navy brass. The succession in Constitution only applies post Alfred.

Gender equality is one of the Filipino culture that will be retained by Andresians. Andres reign can be considered more advance than the West in Social development allowing even females to vote, gain power. And other things like hygiene, healthcare, etc. It is the product of pre Hispanic culture reemerging.
Understandable, considering Andres, his history and how he was voted to power and his supporters, I really assumed at first that the constitutional law was the usual variation of the male-line primogeniture, only to realize it is actually the absolute primogeniture.

Interesting, since the absolute primogeniture succession law came to be a century later (1980s), and here's ATL Philippines having it in their constitution at 1850s. I'm quite amazed on how our gender culture endured and survived 4 centuries despite having 2 colonizers which were mostly backwards more or less in social development in this area (US only warmed up to it in OTL in early 20th century). So, absolute cognatic primogeniture is also sensible to a culture like Philippines.
 
Understandable, considering Andres, his history and how he was voted to power and his supporters, I really assumed at first that the constitutional law was the usual variation of the male-line primogeniture, only to realize it is actually the absolute primogeniture.

Interesting, since the absolute primogeniture succession law came to be a century later (1980s), and here's ATL Philippines having it in their constitution at 1850s. I'm quite amazed on how our gender culture endured and survived 4 centuries despite having 2 colonizers which were mostly backwards more or less in social development in this area (US only warmed up to it in OTL in early 20th century). So, absolute cognatic primogeniture is also sensible to a culture like Philippines.
There are factors like lack of manpower also in play, 2 million people in the Philippines at POD 1823. Females are another source of talent pool.

Add Borneo to that and industrialization, urbanization, Luzon and Cebu will need more people to work at the fields, factories, government.

Compared to Britain, who had 20M+ during this time period, will tell you how much labor shortages there are or will be. Of course the advantage of too much land, is more space per person for farms, less dense population which could be positive in human development (like height/taller Filipinos, less disease due to less dense urban areas).
 
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