Emerald of The Equator: An Indonesian TL

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8.4. All Eyes Towards Africa: Full-Moon rises for the British Empire
For the first time in centuries, the Parliament was dissolved. Even across the world, international media was surprised by this change of situation. In November, a snap-election was held. Unsurprisingly, the BUP claimed the majority. Taking almost 60% of seats in the Parliament, the British Unionist Party, a party of nationalism, white nationalism and pro-monarchism, swept the Labour and the Conservatives as ashes of the old era. Arthur Kenneth Chesterton was elected as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He instantly attempted to finish the problems in Africa.

In a single declaration, he proclaims that all territories which belong in Africa shall decide their fates. In the London 1972 Declaration, all British Overseas Territories were given the mandate to choose their future; either stay within the Dominion or announce their independence. All of them must reply to the declaration two months after.

With just that, nearly the whole region of Africa opted for their independence. White-supremacism was vilified by most of the Africans. By the start of 1973, Sudan, Eritrea, Somaliland, Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Nigeria and Gold Coast/Ghana declare their independence. The number of liberated nations in Africa on that year was considered as the African Year by most of us. Sierra Leone, and the Gambia, were the only ones who preferred to stay in the Empire, and thus was elevated as a Dominion, equivalent to Canada.

The next policy the BUP conducted was negotiating South Africa and the rump Rhodesia. After the Portuguese had received their portion of lands, the Federation was left with only South Rhodesia. Ian Smith, knowing that his old federative nation was lost, decided to subjugate his nation to the Southern larger nation. The National Party, the ones who then ruled South Africa, reluctantly accepted, and form the Union of South Africa and Rhodesia.

Chesterton was delighted to see his initial plans were already progressed by other people. He firstly requested that Rhodesia and South Africa unite, so to reduce the number of ‘White Supremacist nations in the Empire’. This strategy was used to decrease the UN’s dissuasion in British controversial policies, which Chesterton will attempt to. So, what he needed to do was only negotiate with South Africa for reconciliation and possibly returning South Africa to the Empire. Indeed, the similar beliefs of the BUP and the National Party in South Africa were enough for them to harmonize themselves. With a slight help of a UN intervention, both parties finally square themselves and South Africa was finally reincorporated as the Dominion of South Africa and Rhodesia this time. As part of the negotiable deal, Ian Smith, the same guy who betrayed the Kingdom by unilaterally declare Rhodesia independence, was appointed as the acting Prime Minister for South Africa and Rhodesia. In his inaugural speech, he exclaimed that South Africa will be a White nation by the new century, and glory for the Empire. In a controversial choice, however, he denominated his nation as an Empire, which slightly provoked the United Kingdom.

"White rule for South African Empire"
Ian Smith

While the African issue was done for Britain. Arthur Kenneth Chesterton had vowed for the British people that ‘as long as he was in charge, no Englishmen shall meddle in petty African affairs.’ The BUP’s popularity was gradually increasing as they had resolved their most troubling issue. But in terms of Overseas Territories, the United Kingdom was put into bother again as a new similar problem developed in the West Indies. The United Kingdom had held several islands in the Caribbean Sea, particularly in the Eastern part, where the littlest islands dwelled in. During the 1960s, those areas demanded self-governance. However, those micro-nations were practising nationalism, which enhances the dissolution of the territories to even smaller states.

Chesterton settles this issue with a simple remark. He invited Kenneth Blackburne for a future Federation, which he accepted. However, Chesterton also realized that forming a Federation for the West Indies would cause another dispute between small islands and the powers of Jamaica, Trinidad, and Barbados. As a result of it, Chesterton intended to establish three different Dominions in the Empire, a Dominion of Jamaica, Trinidad and the Federation of the West Indies. Sir Alexander Bustamante was appointed as the Prime Minister for Jamaica, Eric Williams for Trinidad and Tobago and Kenneth Blackburne for Dominion Federation of the West Indies.

" A Federation of Islands, a federation of the Indies, a federation for the Caribbean."
Kenneth Blackburne


In another Kingdom, a celebration was held for their success. For the first time, their colonies of Angola and Mozambique were united by land. King Duarte Nuno appraised this new achievement with the rename of his kingdom. Before was the Kingdom of New Portugal, was renamed the Kingdom of Novo Lusitania, as in another name for New Portugal. Uniquely enough, the Braganza reigned mostly for African tribes in Angola and Mozambique, which will later prove to affect the rule.

"Rejoice! Rejoice! The Monarchy finally achieves our long time goal."
King Duarte Nuno
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8.5. All Eyes Towards Africa: Congo Conflict 1st Stage
“History is never good with the Congolese, and the Congolese has made it worse.”
Francois Mitterrand


A rough image to picture the crisis in Congo, neglect the dates.

In the midst of a global crisis brewing in Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo is considered the epicenter of it. The pro-France, later Pro-Soviet nation, have been the key of instability for the new decade of the African resurgence. Their domestic fiasco will affect the entire African continent, while their foreign relations will affect the world entirely, even the United Nations.

Here’s how.

In 27 October 1971, the Belgian Congo had finally declared their independence. After years of political struggle of Patrice Lumumba with his Mouvement National Congolais (MNC) has finally fruited. With the help of Joseph Kasa-vubu, they established the Democratic Republic of Congo with means to finally have the Congolese free of will. In practical aspects, however, things were not as simple.

The Katangan secessionists, led by Moïse Tshombe, destabilized the new government, by waging war from their native Katanga region. At first, the Katangan rebels were only assisted by their former Belgian overlords. As times go by, yet, these secessionists have mainly assisted by most of the Western powers, like the US, Germany and even the Great Britain. In 1972, most of the supports given by those powers have maintained the insurgence alive, and that infuriated the current government in Leopoldville, now Kinshasa.

Lumumba is a communist figure. Therefore, when he attempted to request help for fighting the rebels, he contacted two opposing left giants, the Soviet Union and France. Both of them actually prefer to help the Democratic Republic of Congo. In 15 October 1972, things changed unexpectedly. Antoine Gizenga formed a rival government in Stanleyville, now Kinsangani) and form the Free Republic of Congo, the republic that France directly assisted them. As the Congo region burnt in fires of civil war, the United Nations, finally, intervened.

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations. But, after the US-Soviet relations turns sour, and pave for the Cold War, the United Nations is wedged between two superpowers clashing for superiority, paralyzed the organization. In the 1960s, after the disbandment of NATO, the UN was seemed to rise again as a intergovernmental organization. However, much of the proposed plans, including the problems in Africa, was disputed by all 5 members of the Permanent Security Council, now each of them has their different objectives.

The Congolese Civil War, preceding the First Pan-African, is one conflict the UN sought to resolve. With the General Secretary Randolph Churchill. Randolph Churchill, son of the famous Winston Churchill, has developed a peacekeeper characteristics, along with a negotiator traits, akin to his father. As a prominent defunct-Conservative Party, Randolph declared independent or non-affiliated after the death of his party, which attracts many to put him in the UN chair. However, Randolph was not restraint, and mostly straight-forward, which leads to most of the resolution including split of nations. One example is the Nigerian Civil War, which end up liberating Biafra in 1971, months after the spark of Congolese Civil War.

In a quick negotiation with the Katanga leader Tshombe, the United Nations declared Katanga to be officially admitted to the UN membership, in attempt to undermine Lumumba’s declaration of Katanga’s illegitimacy. Following the UN, most countries also followed suit, one of them particularly was the Kingdom of Lusitania. As a reaction for this mess, Lumumba cut the strings, and achieve the improbable.

The DR Congo declared war on literally everyone. He started a war to the Lusitania, and also the French part of Congo, also under dismay by Operation Joan of Arc. He also declared war on alleged Tanganyika who supplied also Katanga. By 1972, every neighboring nations of DR Congo, except Sudan, is under a state of war. This unexplainable move of Lumumba led to his demise, an assassination in 2 July 1972.

On that day, a coup was commenced by Joseph-Désiré Mobutu. After the failures of the current government, Mobutu stormed Kinshasa and declared him to be the legitimate leader for DR Congo. In an instant, he also declare his government to be politically aligned with the US, granting the superpower access to the nation. As the Congolese Civil War had been evolving into a potential all-out war between France, Soviet Union, and the US, the United Nations scurried to return peace in the region, which end up with Luanda Conference.

The Luanda Conference, conducted in 31 February of 1973, concluded the First Congolese Civil War. Belgian Congo was split into three, the Republic of Zaire in the East, the land-lock nation of DR Congo, later changed into Republic of Kivu, and also the Republic of Katanga. Unfortunately, the madness didn’t stop there, as the region engulfed again in a war after the rise of an Eastern power, particularly Kenya and the regions. As a pity also, the Congo region would be maintained to be divided for so long, that even until 21st Century, hatred among those nations is plentiful.
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8.6. All Eyes Towards Africa: Quick Look at UASR
The Precursor of the Nile Conflict

Water-politics has existed even before the creation of modern nations. The fundamental necessity of water compels nations to maintain their water holdings. In a different context, the sea can also be considered water politics. In the 17th Century, we witness competition for dominating the Caribbean Seas. After that, several seas, like the Mediterranean, had also been contested. The Strait of Hormuz is the current dispute for the water-politics. This applies similarly to rivers. Rivers, like the Mississippi, Zambia, and Yangtze, has been a battle for foreign nations to control trade, land, and influence.

The Nile is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa and is the longest river in Africa. The Nile, which is about 6,650 km long, is an "international" river as its drainage basin covers eleven countries: Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Republic of Sudan, and Egypt. In particular, the Nile is the primary water source of Egypt and Sudan.

The Nile has two major tributaries – the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile is considered to be the headwaters and primary stream of the Nile itself. The Blue Nile, however, is the source of most of the water, containing 80% of the water and silt. The White Nile is longer and rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, with the most distant source still undetermined but located in either Rwanda or Burundi. It flows north through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Uganda and South Sudan. The Blue Nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and flows into Sudan from the southeast. The two rivers meet just north of the Sudanese capital of Khartoum.

The northern section of the river flows north almost entirely through the Sudanese desert to Egypt, then ends in a large delta and flows into the Mediterranean Sea. Egyptian civilization and Sudanese kingdoms have depended on the river since ancient times. Most of the population and cities of Egypt lie along with those parts of the Nile valley north of Aswan, and nearly all the cultural and historical sites of Ancient Egypt are found along river banks.

Throughout the centuries, many disputes happened in this river. Egyptian civilization has sustained itself utilizing water management and agriculture for some 5,000 years in the Nile River valley. The Egyptians implemented basin irrigation, a form of water management adapted to the natural rise and fall of the Nile River. Since around 3000 BCE, the Egyptians constructed banks to form flood basins of various sizes that were regulated by sluices to floodwater into the basin where it would sit until the soil was saturated, the water was then drained, and crops planted. This method of agriculture did not deplete the soil of nutrients or cause salinization problems experienced by modern agricultural methods.

Dated from Egyptian Sultanate of the 19th Century, many treaties have been written for sharing the Nile. In 1959, an Agreement between the Sudan and Egypt, both under British Administration, for full control utilization of the Nile waters. After that, the agreement nullifies after the rise of the United Arab Socialist Republic, and Nasser decided to take a step.

Nasser attempted to push Egypt out of Nile’s dependency by creating his largest hydro-projects of Africa, Qattara Depression Project. The Qattara Depression Project, or Qattara Project for short, is a macro-engineering project concept in Egypt. It intends to create an artificial lake of the Qattara Depression. The Qattara Depression is a region that lies 60 m below sea level on average and is currently a vast, uninhabited desert. By connecting the region and the Mediterranean Sea with tunnels and/or canals, water could be let into the area. The inflowing water would then evaporate quickly because of the desert climate. This way a continuous flow of water could be created if inflow and evaporation were balanced out. With this continuously flowing water, hydroelectricity could be generated. Eventually, this would result in a hypersaline lake or a salt pan as the water evaporates and leaves the salt it contains behind. This would return the Qattara Depression to its current state but with its sabkha soils tens of meters higher. To contain the salt, Egypt would boost a salt industry on the artificial lake.

But, Nasser realized that water problems aren’t only in Egypt, but also in Syria and Iraq. Therefore, several water projects also created in the region, particularly in Tigris and Euphrates. Still, most of the projects need money, and Nasser needs a foreign backup. So he turns to France. In 1973, France arrives to conduct a treaty of friendship with the new Arab Republic. A tower is erected to solidify the friendship. Until the 80s, French influence is high in the new republic, and both the United States and the Soviet Union envied such relations. Nasser holds a large percentage of Middle East’s oil. Unsurprisingly, both superpowers would battle in the oil regions, especially after tensions erupted in 1976.
9.1. A Nation to Elevate: 1972 Constitution
27th of July, 1972

Suharto exhales in frustration. He realizes that the 1959 Constitution may have serious flaws.

He slouches in the car that drives him to his 2nd House, the office on Medan Merdeka Selatan. He realizes that the morning Harian Loear in the other side of his seat, the headline is written ‘Nixon ousted from Republican! Nixon forms Conservative Party. He chuckles for a second, truly Soe Hok Gie was a psyche. He anticipated Kissinger and Nixon would fight each other, like two bulldogs for a chunk of meat. Kissinger used his realpolitik abilities to kick him from the party. Indeed, Suharto was terrified of Nixon. One intelligent agency had given him a 5-minute recording of Nixon’s wrath of Madagascar’s annexation.

“Damn Nasution. Let us teach them a lesson.” He wondered what those words could mean to the President. However, considering the embargo America has done is strangling the Indonesian economy now. For some time, he opted to let that matter fly away.

Speaking of Madagascar, that same nation has attempted to negotiate the meanings of the 1959 Constitution. The 1959 Constitution was drafted for enticing the liberals, or the Western nation, so Indonesia would not be vilified. Papua, naturally, demanded to stay inside Indonesia’s central government, but with the rising power of the United States, Jakarta chose to grant them Special Administrative Region. Now, when Madagascar is introduced as another SAR, they find the law based for it a bit confusing.

Truly, the 1959 Constitution is perplexing. Everything from the legislative body, to the administrative divisions, all very strange. In 17th of July, he called Sugiyono Mangunwiyoto, a retired Brigadier General of the Army, for solving this issue. In short, Sugiyono gathered numerous law, state and political experts to converse a newly revised draft for signing.

When he returns to his office, a pile of paper sat on his Secretary’s desk, written all around the front pages ‘1959 Constitution; 1972 Revision’. He grabs that to his office, and he started to read. In the first five pages, the original draft was given to the President Nasution, while Premier, DPR Chairman and the DPD Chairman, are given a copy. The next pages recite the exact preamble issued in 1945, partly because the preamble was good enough.

Suharto gets bored when he saw the usual Chapter I, but what caught his eyes was the 2nd Chapter, and the other chapters later. He keeps reading it very precisely, no words missed, no characters overlooked. When he arrives at the Administrative Divisions Chapter, he is finally certain.

This will end SER and SAR. He thought. A long story short, this drafter, named Hussein bin Dato' Haji Sir Onn, a Johor, has thought beyond us. He determines that a federal state is not what would be State of Jogjakarta or Sunda, but rather a much larger context. He believes that those regions must stay as provinces of the Indonesian State.

Yes, he intends to make Indonesia consists of Four States: the State of Indonesia, State of Papua, State of Melanesia and State of Madagascar. With just that, everything seems to be lawed easily. No more unnecessary Amendments written for those SARs, just create them a new state and we will be fine.

He also writes a viable solution for the SERs, instead of becoming a peculiar region granting exclusive economic rights, those SERs may now become one with the Federal Government. Federal Districts, quote, to finally clarify the region needs. Instead of separating SERs with the central government, Hussein attempts to mush it all up.

Suharto then rethinks about the government separation of powers. Written by another Hussein, this time Hussein Tjahja, he writes a distinct separation of powers in the executive body. Current Indonesia’s tradition, Premier elected by the MPR, and President elected by the people, is maintained. Instead, what is revised is the cabinet and the succession. There will be no Vice President, as the Premier will act like one. The order of succession is concluded like this: President, Premier, Foreign Minister, Defense Minister, Secretary of State, and Speaker of the President. If inconveniently they all die, the MPR should hold a general snap-election for the executive.

In the legislative body, the bodies were also simplified. Instead of having a DPR (House of Representative), DPRD (Regional House of Representative), DPD (House of Senate) and DPRDAK (Special Administrative Region House of Representative)., the legislative body would only have DPR (House of Representative) and DPD (House of Senate). DPRDAK and DPRD would become a state legislative body, separate from the central government.

Seeing the whole picture, Suharto agrees with the writers of the new Constitution. He feels amazed with the cooperation of a few dozens of men. Soe Hok Gie then arrives.

I see you have read the new Constitution. But Sir, Carrefour is in Hotel Indonesia, Sir. Maybe you could visit him.

He nods and walks with Gie downstairs.
9.2. A Nation to Elevate: Frederik Trihandoko
1st August 1972

Fan Zheng Xiong, also named Susilo Frederik (Fred) Trihandoko, is finally elated. A snap-election in 1973? Well, that is convenient. He is an economist, an active one. He criticized the current government in tackling the embargo done by the United States. Yes, the Uncle Sam itself. Starting a month after the annexation of Madagascar, the United States issued an embargo to Indonesia. Their defence was that the annexation was ‘undemocratic’ although the entire bloody UN approved it. In truth, he knew that annexing that nation meant for a relation to France, and the United States worried about it.

France, according to Fan Zheng Xiong, is a peculiar country. A communist nation, but in reality, people are more liberal than the States itself. The French Fifth Republic nourish their Liberté, égalité, fraternité. If Thorez did not soldier on France as a communist nation, everyone would think the hexagonal nation as social liberals, to quite an extent. Thorez maintains the party system, but deep down what he wanted is the disbandment of the party system. In France, the situation is getting better. The revolts in Southern France has eroded and breakthroughs in French militants. Niger has effectively become the border between order and chaos. Pax Francia in the West, and instable tribes in the East.

British colonies, in West Africa, also blocked further American intervention by making diplomatic entanglements. America is not being loved in Africa. Political drawbacks, diplomatic incidents, and military stalemates are pushing America out of West Africa. It seems that the American Century is not having in Africa.

He never knew what was in the minds of Kennedy during the NATO dissolution. No one in Indonesia hardly knew. But, Anwar Suryadihardjo, had a strikingly intriguing thought of piecing them up.

The embargo from Uncle Sam has complicated things in Indonesia. The economic dependency since the 1960s has fruited to be devastating. Luckily, the infrastructure sectors have been unaffected due to them already finished. But, nearly every other sectors are hit. The economy goes for a downturn, now more to a recession. Even with only America involved, the embargo cut most of Indonesia’s imports majorly.

Fred has a very simple solution to this problem. For him, the United States’ action can be easily deflected. His nation has been quite reliant on American dominance, and he comprehends that. However, by starting to open to more countries, even how sour our relationship is with them, could alleviate the losses. In addition to it, he thinks it is time for national companies to rise and thrive. Oil, rubber, and minerals are mining sectors abundantly resides in good portions of Indonesia. Textile is also full of potential. Food is unquestionable.

He is now preparing for a speech. Becoming a popular man in Indonesia will rise his chance of becoming a Trade Minister, is his dream.


Nasution is slightly apprehensive. The national polls are not giving a good sign for Parindra. The PPP is rising, and so does the PKI. The latter has risen to a larger extent, with Untung declares an immediate end for American friendship, something now the public eagers to. PPP is also rising, particularly due to the disappointments of the current government. Since 1970, the American has issued an embargo to Indonesia, and the dire effects start to show in late 1971. Now, this is a recession.

At least, Nasution hopes, that the PNI will accept the offer. Three-months prior, the PGI’s top leadership met PNI for a potential union. As famous by name, and also the oldest, PNI is largely egoistic about the union, mainly because of what will the successor name. That has frozen the Parindra into further talks, and back down.

Last month, the PGI had finally searched a union’s name. Partai Nasional Indonesia – Raya, or PNI-R, as the identity. At first, it was seen as a childish muck up of words. Later on, the PNI grew fond of the word and decided to agree with it. PNI-R was the brainstorm of Guntur Sukarnoputra, the son of Sukarno. He wants PNI to remain as the glorious name, living even before Indonesia was born, and keep living on till the future. The extended ‘R’ in the back is to commemorate PGI’s current golden era and the bastion of the right. On the outsider’s eye, this union is may be considered as a strange event. But, for the sake of the government, both parties have determined that this is necessary to rule another ten years. With this also, they wanted to reconcile with the PPP, possibly because there is no other party the PNI-R is suitable with.

However, with this merger coming up, a few setbacks happened inside the Parindra itself ~ the Fundamentalists. Particularly not the NUs, but the more radical ones in Aceh, West Sumatra and West Java. They have commented with Parindra’s lack of religious policies for the last 7 years. They threatened to leave the party if the coming elections will not change Parindra’s outlook. Nasution processed the threat as no big deal, as the Fundamentalists are small enough to not cause a significant shrink of voters.

Nasution reaches for the coffee and sips a few. Maybe, we will win another round.
Several changes:
Party names will now be Indonesian. Most of the party names, if translated to Indonesia, may be considered a bit... off... Therefore, I try using Indonesian ones instead.

PPP is Partai Persatuan Pembangunan, the native version of PUP or Progressive Union Party
PKI is Partai Komunis Indonesia, the native version of CPI or Communist Party of Indonesia.
Parindra is Partai Indonesia Raya, the native version of PGI or Party of Greater Indonesia, although in here this is the 2nd Version of Parindra.
PNI is Partai Nasional Indonesia, the native version of INP or Indonesia National Party, although in here is also the 2nd Version of PNI, established in 1947. But, it has the same beliefs as the old one, different from Parindra.

Do you like the new format though? I'm a bit experimenting here.
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time to create NAM then.

As Indonesian I like the new format as it's easier to keep track of the party.

It seem the world will be more multipolar
9.3. A Nation to Elevate: Sabuk Biru
2nd August 1972

Mayor Jenderal Budi Suherman is watching at Batam Island on the horizon. He has stayed in Bintan for quite some time now. Just at the Western tip of Bintan, a military base, the largest in Indonesia, is being built. Although construction is halted due to recent American embargo, most of the important needs were already built. Army camps have established for the size of a company, committing at least to secure the Malacca Strait. Controlling the busiest trading routes in the world, patrolling them was at the utmost difficulties. Although Mayjen Budi is an Army officer, the base was majorly gifted for the Coast Guard. He is here because Premier Suharto has given him an observational task, for the grand plan Project Sabuk Biru.

Sabuk Biru, or Blue Belt, is a major covert grand plan from the government. It lists key islands located in Malacca Strait and Karimata Strait. Stated as the obvious, Bintan will be a hub for Army activities and also a co-joined military headquarters for all four branches. Funded formerly by the United States, the base itself should also be part of the United States military bases overseas, but the current diplomatic relation confirmed yet otherwise. Using the existing infrastructure, the base is prioritised for the Coast Guard first, at least until the government has more money to renew constructing.

Just south of Pulau Batam, Pulau Lingga is going to be constructed as one of the national science research centres. After relations turned sour, NASA directly confronted Nixon by launching the Apollo Program to the Moon on March 26, 1971. There is a hot dispute between the two bodies. In a devious way, he also supports Papua’s independence from Indonesia. This is something that will ease how things work in Papua. Indeed, by the start of 1971, there were a few insurgents popping in Papua. More of them has revolted now, but the migrants from Java has actually assisted the current government in handling those revolts. Even though NASA still launch to the Moon with Indonesia’s base, Papua is getting out of hand. After the launch the Apollo, Nixon quickly fired the Director, and replace with the ones cooperative with him. In the end, the Liberty Space Center is abandoned by NASA and is now used for the Army to combat the existing growing partisans.

How weird, Mayjen Budi though. The Americans are not cooperative with their own.

Therefore, trying to get a backdoor, Premier Suharto instructed that the Federal Republic of Indonesia should need a new science research centre only for national agendas, not any other foreigners.

South of Pulau Lingga there are Pulau Bangka and Pulau Belitung. These two are giants comparing two the rest of the mentioned. While Pulau Bangka is relatively undisturbed, Pulau Belitung is getting an upgrade. Over the course of nuclear research, Indonesia has not found a better location to establish a nuclear research centre rather than Belitung itself. Java and Sumatra is a lost cause, the fault lines in those regions have cause volcanoes to be extremely active, thus heat the grounds. While the North Java was relatively flat, far from volcanoes, and near to the sea, cities have grown in there. The safe distance that the Indonesians want far from any residence and that is impossible for Java. Belitung, on the other hand, still has a relatively low population, and the government can encourage them to leave to nearest Bangka for Belitung to become an exclusive island. With that, Belitung may also be a second base for the Navy, Army and Air Force.

He drinks his coffee, for now, imagining what the near future may look like for Batam and Bintan.
9.4. A Nation to Elevate: At Both Ends
Andre Resapa was elected as the leader of Partai Sosial Demokrat Madagaskar after Philibert Tsiranana announced that he intended to run for President of the new Republik Madagaskar. The new Constitution, 1972 Revision, update or maybe eliminate the current status of Special Administrative Regions. Those regions now are federal states, while the current federal states are shifted as provinces of Republik Indonesia. Therefore, there are now five states, Republik Federal Indonesia as the national state, Republik Indonesia, Republik Papua, Republik Melanesia and Republik Madagaskar as the regional states. After deciding that Republik Federal Indonesia may be confused with Republik Indonesia. The Indonesians decided to alter their name as Republik Nusantara. So, Republik Indonesia becomes the unifying banner for Pan-Austronesian nation.

Andre ever asked why we just name the newly revised federal republic as Austronesia. The only feedback he received was a backlash of using a similar name with Australia. In the 1970s, public hatred against Australia is still high, and none is willing to associate our nation with the southern nation.

Nevertheless, there is a general election coming for the revised Republik Federal Indonesia, and it seems that the magnet has shifted for the left.

Parindra, now PNI-R, is unaware of the aftermath it created after the Madagaskar annexation. Andre’s native island is a left island, supportive of left economic and social policy. The next blow against PNI-R is their hasty attitude of incorporating Bahasa Indonesia as the unifying language there, instead of the current Malagasy language. In addition to it, French diaspora is still influential and thus prying for being noticed and cared for by the current government.

Partai Sosial Demokrat Madagaskar is allying for Partai Persatuan Pembangunan. Adam Malik as the new figure for PPP has shown great interests in allying the former. The region is promised to receive a majority for the PSDM, possibly turning the tides for the left-wing political spectrum.

Despite the upcoming hopes, the PSDM requested the PPP in not allying PKI. Although also a left-wing party, PKI is yet a radical version of one, still advocate for a system akin to China and India. Mao Ze Dong is almost an icon for Asian Communism, and the face of the Soviet Union as the world’s commune was diminished as Yuri Andropov’s administration is tainted with what is called Vistula Spring.

Andre Resapa is grinning as the reports came. The results will be a landslide, and the PNI-R can do nothing about it.


Jenderal D.I. Panjaitan is sitting on a bivouac with the commanding Brigadir Jenderal Aditya Rumbesa. The higher rank having received a repetitive report about the increasing problems in Papua. Especially the eastern portion, Republik of Papua announces a martial law. Organisasi Papua Merdeka, or a regional separatist, has sabotaged numerous civilian administrative offices. Moreover, Pot Mosbi is now overrun by OPM, and declare the city as the new capital of Independent Papua. Indonesia is not happy about this, neither do Republik Papua. The contender in Pot Mosbi enraged Kaisiepo from Kotabaru.

‘What is the current situation?’ Jenderal Panjaitan asks. He was never briefed about the reports about Papua, but he guesses it would be dire.

Semenanjung Ekor* is mostly controlled by the hostiles and proceeds to expand Westwards. Cendrawasih is suffering difficulties entering the region. No road network, just jungles from Merauke to Kerema. They are having the upper hand.’

Jenderal Panjaitan analyzes the problem. Almost every part of Papua is just nature, no roads and trails to follow. Premier Suharto acknowledged this issue to the DPR, saying that a general infrastructure must be built in the region. However, as most of the money is drained for paving Java and Sumatra. DPR is not having more road-building unless they want to bankrupt the nation. Now, after the current embargo, it is going to.

‘We believed the Australians are involved in this, as Melanesia has not seen any US Fleet.’ Brigadir Jenderal Aditya continues. Jenderal Panjaitan knows that the only way the Americans can bring supplies for the insurgents is from the East, and that is monitored by Melanesia. The nearest US base is Palau, and that cannot even support their own. The other bet is Guam, Mariana Islands. But it is inefficient that the US Air Force must travel thousands of miles, and met our lands first so that they land supplies for the rebels in Pot Mosbi.

Jenderal Panjaitan, once again, analyzes the situation on Papua. Presently, he decides he would execute a plan similar to what Kolonel Suprapto did a decade ago.

‘Can we do the Miracle of Hanoi?’

*Semenanjung Ekor is the Peninsula located at the South-Eastern tip of Papua, where Port Moresby, currently called Pot Mosbi, lies.
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