Emerald of The Equator: An Indonesian TL

What do you think about this thread?

  • Awesome!!

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  • Total voters
    108
Only 5 stations? I thought there would be more since indonesia ittl is quite free and diverse but i guess most of the population doesnt own tv and still have only radios

Towns on the pedalaman (hinterland) like Malang, Jombang, and even Pekanbaru are still far from any adequate TV transmitters. Radio remains supreme in Indonesia, for now. TV channels, however, can still enjoy a vast audience in most populated cities such as Singapore, KL, Jakarta and Surabaya, along with some advanced communities (mostly immigrants from the US) in Papua.
 
Towns on the pedalaman (hinterland) like Malang, Jombang, and even Pekanbaru are still far from any adequate TV transmitters. Radio remains supreme in Indonesia, for now. TV channels, however, can still enjoy a vast audience in most populated cities such as Singapore, KL, Jakarta and Surabaya, along with some advanced communities (mostly immigrants from the US) in Papua.
Well thats basically like otl tbh but i think since tje urbanisation is more prevelant my guess is that by the late 90s everyone will have a tv
 
War no more! Part 7: Infrastructure & Science
The Roar of the Equator: Infrastructure and Science

At first, the rise of Indonesia in the Asian theatre was unsurprising for the world. With all that manpower and resources from the archipelago, Indonesia has invested her raw resources to improve the nation’s fallen industry relative to Japan and Korea. Indeed, Indonesia, unlike any East Asian nation, was comparatively grappling in terms of catching up. Nothing had been more evident than in infrastructure.

Indonesia’s infrastructure wasn’t quite a unifying structure for the nation only because of one thing: geography. The archipelago had large straits across each island, rendering it costly and unworthy for the administration to initiate a build-up. As a result, infrastructure was focused to connect at least the largest islands first. Then, essential shipping routes were established to connect between islands. Assuming that these sea lanes fared similarly as the land ones, construction in Indonesia will be ‘interconnected’, at least de facto.

During Nasution Era, Indonesia underwent a massive overhaul regarding the minimal infrastructure Indonesia had had, especially after most of the damage by British bombers. After a general reconstruction effort, mostly repaying with oil commission or American donations, the President launched the massive national project that marked as the icon of his presidency. TJIP (Trans Java Infrastructure Program) and TSIP (Trans Sumatra Infrastructure Program) had become the bane of rapid construction in Indonesia [1]. TJIP constructed the ambitious Trans Java Toll Road, which connected Merak (near Cilegon, OTL Banten) and Malang (OTL East Java) under the longest stretch of four-lane tollway competing with the infamous Anyer-Panarukan construction. TSIP launched the longest toll in Indonesia, connecting Medan to Bandar Lampung. That way, Indonesia succeeded in competing with the abler regions of Malaya and Singapore and started to catch up in terms of growth.

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A stretch of Trans-Java Toll Road near Jombang, part of TJIP


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Medan-Binjai Stretch of Trans Sumatra Toll Road, part of TSIP
In Javan cities, construction had remained under the Subandrio’s administration to provoke industrialization in satellite cities. Jakarta started extending outwards, subsequently link with Kebayoran once and for all. Around the cities, smaller tier towns like Tangerang, Bekasi and Depok are thriving in numbers, accommodating the lower class that works on the city’s factories. The Jakarta Inner Ring Road was finished in the 1970s, while the Outer Ring Road achieved in the early 80s. Traffic soon grew dramatically as the centre became a bustling centre of commerce, office and government. Public transports soon follow to be built after toll roads, as LKY’s cabinet preferred mass transits rather than roads. In the end, nearly 43 cities in Java alone has either built or planned public transport, rail or bus, to bridge residential to their workplace.

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The Gaplek Locomotive, a common Locomotive in Majapahit Region

In Sumatra, construction initially began due to Sumatra located between Java and Malaya. With the Toll Laut under operation, Sumatra expanded its cities and factories because they positioned themselves between Malaya and Java, the two giants of Western Indonesia. Even though dire opposition from ultra-conservatives in Padang and Aceh region kept blocking off arrivals, the rest of the island became extremely open in terms of cultural and social diversity. With that, the east coasts of Sumatra were ripe with newcomers from densely populated areas of Java and Malaya. The high exchange of population with a petite growth of transmigration from the current government also boosted the coasts into bustling cities filled with the island’s foreigners.

Deliberately, Malaya and Singapore’s increase was restrained to the urban areas. The countryside prevailed stagnated as expected, though only to return growing under Subandrio’s industrialization efforts. Still, the growth was virtually apparent, the countryside only flourishes because unemployment from the farmlands has moved to cities. Production soon met at a full flat because the villages are having fewer people by urbanization. In contrast, the locals remained happy for the all-out urban transport programs to be built, competing Java with around 12 Malayan cities under serious planning.

Subandrio’s personal programs, similar to the predecessor, was the revived TPIP (Trans Papua Infrastructure Program) and the new TMIP (Trans Malaya Infrastructure Program). TPIP was blessed for the government, as investors had already poured money even before the government planned the budget. The toll roads secured, naturally, are privately administered by investors; foreign or domestic. Subandrio’s less authoritative rule under a nett positive region also helped Papua to become one of the fastest-growing, least regulated places of Indonesia. At the end of Subandrio’s presidency, Papua had complete autonomy from the central Jakarta government. The profit the region created has kept the central authorities happy to let them be. That had caused every construction beside the TPIP to be sporadically birthed by the people living there. A group of German investors poured a North-South highway connecting Kotabaru and Merauke. Sibil, locating in between, was the Germans main objective, believing to posse

TMIP was a response program after Nasution had deliberately left the region under their own management. With LKY as Premier, TMIP was heavily explored and hastily planned. Similar to TSIP and TJIP, TMIP will possess a main four-lane highway and a two-lane railway. The TMIP, also, shall boost coastal ports to improve the capacity and efficiency, with that expanding the ports also. Malacca, Penang, Johor and Port Klang were Indonesia’s priorities. These would aid Singapore for rapidly rising shipment traffic, then reducing traffic jams and waiting time. Across the Strait, towns like Dumai and Medan also took part in reducing the island’s burden.
ss great mineral deposits around the mountainous regions. Construction began in 1985, predicted to finish by 1990.

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Penang Port in 1983

What was stunning for Subandrio was him passing a program that transformed an island thousand miles away from Indonesia proper, Madagascar. The republic holds strategic importance for markets in Africa, a potential that Industry Minister Hartanto discovered. These African nations can become economic partners, trade raw good with them to boost Indonesia’s growing processed goods. Yet, tensions are rising in the Congolese rainforest area, all of them seeing Indonesia as a bully for instability. That meant Indonesia will open ties with the UASR, a formerly strained nation currently opening for cordial connections. South Africa, despite a British dominion, is also a perfect candidate for Indonesia’s goods. Their apartheid policy has halted their industrial growth, lagging and stubborn on a pre-1960s system. Fortunately, that standstill in the economy may help us as their trading partner, considering most of their import goods are more expensive than ours.

The sole reason Madagascar can become a large hub for Indonesian goods to export is why LKY expanded programs on the island. It was extremely impoverished after the acquisition, the Premier changed the premonition with business opportunities, vast investment scheme and rapid raw resource exploration. Infrastructure was constructed rapidly. Toamasina and Antananarivo had their road connection paved. An oil discovery in Analalava made the American Chevron funded a freight connection from the town to Mahajanga, the largest port in northwestern Madagascar. Toliara had become the American naval base, therefore had its populace of 50000 Americans use a bus transit to St. Agustine, the sailor’s residence.

Although the outstanding infrastructure projects do improve the nation roundly, critics still questioned LKY’s biases towards the issue. It was because, in Borneo, Sulawesi and Maluku, there was significantly less construction that took place, depicting the government as abandoning these regions. Also, tourism spots are loosely funded, unlike ambitious Nasution policies, and are slowly worn out of budget. All for the government is industry and industry only. As a result, all of the infrastructure agendas are circling industrial potential.

Science

Indonesia’s science was groundbreaking in its own ways. The growth during Nasution days until now had been excellent. Undeniably, Indonesia had the most natural disaster occurrence yearly. The Ring of Fire has carried out earthquakes and volcanic eruptions regularly in Indonesia. In addition to man-made disasters like wildfires in Sumatra, droughts in Timor, and some landslides in Pasundan, Indonesia’s scientists have been arduous in predicting and mitigating these events.

Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika (BMG) was established in 1975 under the Ministry of Transportation. This organizational structure aimed at predicting natural disaster strikes, and that had been a difficult job because of Indonesia’s frequent happenstance. The BMG became quite prominent during its satisfactory precaution measures on the Dieng Plateau Eruption in 1979. The best BMG’s feat was predicting the Papuan Nelson Cyclone in 1983, in which the severe cyclone hit Port Moresby, destroyed dozens of buildings. Fortunately, BMG managed to save the people, and the cyclone killed none.

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Dieng Plateau Eruption 1979

One name of BMG’s achievement was the Natural Disaster Law of 1980. Passed in the Parliament unanimously, this law would improve disaster alerts by establishing countless small BMG outpost all across Indonesia. The initial numbers, constructed in 1981, was 1300 small posts, 870 of them located in Java alone. These stations can be a small hut is near the volcano’s crater or a large station filled with a laboratory. A distinct radio service would roam around these posts, alerting everyone in case of signs. By 1983, these stations are everywhere, and the time delay was shortened from before 1 hour to 15 minutes’ response.

Asia, Indonesia’s was the second leading scientist in geophysics and meteorology in Asia, lagging behind only Japan himself. Prof. Dr Barizki, a professor at Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) was the pioneer of modern Indonesia’s prominence in these fields. With American volunteers, they proceeded to research the Sunda Fault Line with the most sophisticated tools. More data can be stored and analyse, thereby predicting the next earthquakes to anticipate. Some young engineers also constructed their own weather device to discover any cases of cyclones, droughts, or thunderstorm in the making,

Besides meteorology and geophysics, Indonesia had followed the Americans on every scientific achievement. With President Glenn boosting the morale of American intellectuals, they have advanced science to great lengths, surpassing the Soviet Union by a ton. After the New Frontier Act of 1985, NASA and other scientific organizations had their budget increased, giving more space on trial-and-error, and campaigned aggressively on scientific advancements. Under the grace of NASA scientists, Lembaga Antariksa Indonesia had held massive cooperation efforts, scientific sharing and practical joint experiments solely to increase Indonesia’s aerospace capabilities. Their substantial achievement was the Palapa Program that became the icon of Indonesia’s 1980s space prestige.

Badan Tenaga Nuklir Indonesia (BTNI) was a research centre on nuclear physics and radioactivity. The Americans persuaded LKY into telling them that the nuclear power plant was beneficial for replacing coal and oil. LKY agreed because he intended to sell the oil rather than use it for power. He ordered BTNI to locate a suitable place for a possible nuclear power plant. At the end, of 1978, Subandrio passed his campaign of One Island One Plant Policy. The campaign was originated in Nasution’s era, but scrapped due to large sums of money need to use. However, Subandrio caught attention on this policy, and a nuclear power plant was heavily explored.

In 1981, the BTNI agreed on putting one nuclear plant in Pamanukan. LKY then ordered the first construction on a Javan nuclear power plant, but that was heavily opposed by residents, which caused small chaos in 1982. In 1983, BTNI proposed Kalijati for the power plant. This time, the residents approved, and the first power plant was built. In August 1985, Dumai was planning for a power plant to be built there. Aburizal Bakrie, the youngest pioneer in nuclear engineering, estimated that the location would easily supply electricity on Sumatra and Malaya, preventing any electricity shortage that Singapore constantly happens that year. In early 1986, during the riots, LKY approved for the plant to be built. Now, two plants are being constructed. In Papua, the plant was not funded by BTNI, but rather by the state government. The Fly Nuclear Power Plant was Papua’s efforts on achieving power-sufficiency to appease immigrants and newcomers to come here. [2]

===========================
This is the anticipated update to finish the non-political stuff. Basically, the government currently is investing in more industrial-related infrastructure rather than anywhere else. Public transport was immediate aftermath on cities growing from industrialization, hence the massive overhaul of the building. Tourism spots, the most famous OTL Bali, was not sighted like OTL Soeharto Era, which actually sees the potential that shaped Bali today.

There are two references from my previous posts, all can be click on the numbers. For those who will ask, I intended to skip Nurtanio here, it is because the man in charge, Habibie, will have something to do with Subandrio later on.
 
So Indonesia might reach "Italy" levels of GDP per capita PPP?

It should also benefit from Japanese expertise in high speed rail.

How would the healthcare system work in Indonesia TTL, is there may benefits that the state provides?

I do wonder, with much better auto industry, rail, living standards, does this indonesia have a vibrant arms industry?

How is religion in Indonesian? OTL ik more orthodox islam from saudi arabia TTL made strides despite most remaining mainstream Shafi'i today, but it should be less so TTL given much higher living standards, so I expect a lot of local shafi'i "sufism" thriving.

How popular is indonesia for tourism, given Indonesia has great beaches and coastal cities that with strong enough development (TTL development is probably that) could turn into tourist cities that rival places like Miami, Dubai, Auckland and Istanbul?
 
So Indonesia might reach "Italy" levels of GDP per capita PPP?

It should also benefit from Japanese expertise in high speed rail.

How would the healthcare system work in Indonesia TTL, is there may benefits that the state provides?

I do wonder, with much better auto industry, rail, living standards, does this indonesia have a vibrant arms industry?

How is religion in Indonesian? OTL ik more orthodox islam from saudi arabia TTL made strides despite most remaining mainstream Shafi'i today, but it should be less so TTL given much higher living standards, so I expect a lot of local shafi'i "sufism" thriving.

How popular is indonesia for tourism, given Indonesia has great beaches and coastal cities that with strong enough development (TTL development is probably that) could turn into tourist cities that rival places like Miami, Dubai, Auckland and Istanbul?

Possible, might be slightly lower tho. Depends on how well Indonesia will fare in the modern era.

Although HSR is already available in Japan and France, I don't think Indonesia had the economic benefits of having one atm. Probably around the 2000s Indonesia will look at the project.

So far, the healthcare system is pretty okay for now. Having slight basic care (free checkups and subsidized treatments). However, people still need to pay for medicines and more serious treatment. The current administration focused more on education and economy (part of the compromise LKY-Subandrio had during their early pact)

Definitely more vibrant than OTL, but still have a blocked growth by anti-war Subandrio.

Religion in Indonesia is mixed currently. Saudi Arabia is going more conservative and radical than ever (Wahabbis or Salafism), therefore some older folks (especially those who Hajj) had a slightly conservative-leaning. The younger folks, looking at the American friendly stance to Iran, are moderate and definitely Sufism.

Tourism only flourishes in major cities because they have extreme amounts of money from industrial buildup. Bali, Lombok and some other potential tourism spots that still lack industrial interests from the government remain less sighted from Jakarta and thus less developed.


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Btw, one major change that I do ITTL for the sake of not becoming ASB and more realistic is changing the 1972-1974 British Prime Minister from Richard Charles Edmonds to Arthur Kenneth Chesterton. The reason is that Chesterton was definitely the more mature right-wing politician than Edmonds, and certainly would be the pick. The stretch is that ITTL, Chesterton lives longer than OTL, thus him in 74 becoming the Prime Minister. He will die shortly after his resignation from ITTL in 1976 at age 77.
 
Oh why off limit?
Archaeologists and Historians are uncovering the base of Borobudur to find the infamous Karnawibhangga. It is the lowest level of the Borobudur, depicting human worldly lust that remained buried until now OTL. However, a small section of it (Southeast corner) was opened OTL. ITTL, they are uncovering the entire bottom level for scientific methods. They don't want the public to become angsty on Karnawibhangga, so it remained off-limits for now.

Quick note:
Hello everyone, part of my 'reviewing my TL' moment. I decide to change a great event. Kissinger after revision will not be the 'appointed president' after the death of Shafer. Instead, Haldeman will. Haldeman's backstory of the Langley Scandal will unfold slightly different than Kissinger. So sorry for this change, but I hope this would make the TL better.
 
War no more! Part 8: A President's Thinking
17 May 1986
Jakarta, Indonesia


After five years of premiership and eight years of presidency, the 72-year old Subandrio has already felt a president’s weight after months of serious work. His recent trip to the Federal Kingdom of Germany has compelled him a week of rest on the Presidential Palace. In addition to it, his recent fury towards the agitating military exhausted his energy. A few weeks ago, Umar had given the torch to Try and Wahono, as stated in the 1986 Year Congress of PRD. Umar’s popularity never returned after multiple accusations of corruption and budget embezzlement. Instead of continuing the stubborn path, he relented and passed on.

At Subandrio’s party, a great change is going to happen. The faction led by Mahathir Mohammad was squeezing LKY and Musa Hitam from the majority. Mahathir and his countryside politicians felt cheated with the urban Federal District’s rapid development. The fact that LKY and Musa Hitam fitted to the city-dwellers also confirmed this new faction, Melayu Bersatu Faction [1], to kick the Malacca Faction out from leading the PPP. Worse, the Melayu Bersatu Faction attracted Sumatran folks also, a base that Subandrio’s Hatta Faction endure on.

The PRD, conveniently, allied themselves beside Mahathir’s Melayu Bersatu Faction, with malicious intent on reducing Hatta and Malacca’s Faction. It was unfortunate that Mahathir’s ideologues were no different than Hatta during his prime times. Yet, due to Subandrio and LKY, the hatred had grown larger than common sense could fathom. Despite the similarities, Melayu Bersatu Faction has similarities with PRD regarding the pro-farmer and increasingly populist concept. Subandrio can guess a pact between these two groups, Melayu Bersatu attracting Malayans while PRD for Javanese and Sundanese ethnicities.

For the Malacca Faction, LKY has met Habibie for a negotiable alliance, therefore aligning themselves as a nationalist outlook. The Premier does have some nationalistic tendencies. His campaign was always civic nationalism and state multiracialism. He embraced the arrival of Jews into North Madagascar, while others criticized and condemned that particular race deeply. The other faction that had no interest in aversing the Jews were Habibie’s Nusantara Faction, no wonder they’ve discovered that both men aren’t so incompatible after all.

The President stopped his political analysis for a moment. He had no business in lobbying anew, he had determined to step down after ending his presidency in 1988. So far, the President’s aide-de-camp has been Adam Malik. He was also retiring, and gave the Hatta’s Faction leader to Sabam Sirait, Subandrio’s secretary, by January next year. Besides, the domestic political circus was entirely pointless looking at the world clown that is happening now.

“Mr President, the UASR demand us to renegotiate our trade deals, it is said that the Egyptians demanded more.”

The Suez Canal had been Indonesia’s main trade to Europe and holds vital importance of flowing technology to our own nation. While Japan and Hong Kong have given decent electrical appliances, Indonesians have bought any German industrial advancement that the country can purchase. As the European nation’s industry was the best since the 19th century, Indonesia could not resist the lure of the Rhenish industrial competence. Everything, from mining tractors to agricultural shovels, is bought to satisfied the Indonesian elite market along with the industry that tried to copy it. So, Suez Canal had been the bloodline of Indonesia's future. The UASR understood this and wished trade deals to help prioritise Indonesian ships to pass through without delays. That befell with the cost of livestock subsidies, something the UASR are lacking off from her growing population. Last year, the UASR demanded another product, this time processed food subsidies. Now, Subandrio suspected it would be coffee.

“Bring them to the table, Mr Anwar. Besides, Nasser would not be staying long.” Subandrio answered. He shrugged the country of being too cautious. The Suez Canal was an international passage owned by the Egyptians, yet they have abused the passage to increase relevance. He could not argue too much, though, Indonesia is doing the same thing in the Malacca Straits.

Any third nation, despite historical discrepancies, will fall under any case in these two contexts: lack of power rotation and lack of delegation. Starting in the 80s, President Nasser had effectively centralized the nation under his rule except for Hussein and his huge Iraqi Ba’athist Army. His popularity had never waned caused him to suffer a disease like all leaders before him, he built his own cult of personality. In Yugoslavia, General Kadijević was wise enough to care for the national state rather than own cultural and ethnic groups. He stopped the early dissolution of Yugoslavia from the rising protests from each cultural identity. In the UASR, Subandrio has no hesitancy that Saddam will eventually form his independent Iraqi state after the death of Nasser. The sickness had been too Egypt-centric, especially with Nasser’s new pharaoh-Esque new capital proposal West of Cairo, it raged much of the Syrian and Iraqi’s plea that wished for funds to divert from there. Corruption also started to infect the government. According to our intelligence, local Jordanian legislatures are starting to receive Saudi’s money to rebel that supported some militias including the new movement in Palestine. Inevitably, the UASR will be spliced sooner or later.

The Arabian money was draining away in Libya also; the Gadhafi dictatorship was losing control after a small militaristic Islamic rebellion sprouted on Benghazi, crippling the nation’s oil production. The Iraqis are sent there, only to realize they are fighting Saudi militias in this proxy war. The French have been funding Gadhafi too, but that will certainly hamper UASR’s stability. The idea of Islamism has been prevalent in the heart of Islam, Saudi Arabia. So, much of the young populace in the Middle East are feeling less hopeful about the old Pan Arabism from socialism characteristics and promoted more on fundamentalism and Wahhabism. Moreover, since the French were restoring connections with the Germans, the UASR carelessly advocated for Pan Arab to expand in French Africa, hinder further relation improvements.

That worrying trend of Wahhabism also caught notice by Subandrio in Indonesia. Although Indonesia’s friendliness to Iran does help decrease discrimination, the rift between moderate and purist Islam has deepened. The NU is frightened with Muhammadiyah and the more radical Front Pemuda Islam. The essence of religious uniformity was already dangerous to Indonesia that two of the major rebellions are sourced by that background. Short term benefits for Subandrio’s party is obvious, the PUI will split shortly. The premise which he worried about is the uncertain future of Indonesia.

“No, Sir. I don’t believe so. But the problem is your initiative of a neutral Indonesia.” Anwar noted.

Buggers, President Subandrio comprehended the Foreign Minister’s understanding. Indonesia’s status to be non-aligned nations has disintegrated after the 60s and 70s. Much alone to the 80s, where business with First World Nations have become the most frequent occurrence. The fourth NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) Summit will convene in Nairobi, Indonesia will attend even though the fiery eyes African nations will give. UASR’s renegotiation may hamper Indonesia’s return as the original NAM member. Being non-aligned essentially rendered all nations friendly towards Indonesia. However, looking at the fruits of capitalism and American scientific advancement, the LKY cabinet has no plan on returning to non-align.

Official Indonesia’s stance had been leaning, if not very, towards the Western Bloc. Fortunately, Indonesia’s was not entirely shifted to one side after a negotiation with communist France, it soothed the old guards thinking for neutral Indonesia. The recent French appeasement towards the Germans, however, may cause the entire question to return. The PRD, not surprised, brought on this issue to the Parliament, mocking the government as too US-leaning. More harsh comments came from PPI and PUI, seeing the ‘demoralization’ of the society from their perspective.

Subandrio continued to converse about the President’s wishes to join the Summit. The Foreign Minister, yet, showed less enthusiasm for this event. He considered that showing presence at that Summit only bring nuisance and chaos to the Parliament, which the cabinet has enough of. The debate with Foreign Minister Anwar continued, meanwhile a small knock arrived Secretary Sabam Sirait.

“Afternoon Mr President and Foreign Minister, the plane scheduled to Japan has arrived. You need to go to Halim Airport, Mr President.”

The 4th Summit of the East Asian Community is in two days, President Subandrio acknowledged. Four years of decreased tariffs have earned East Asia the greatest economic boost in history. While China lagged in Madame Mao, the First Island Chain [2] has improved dramatically. The average economic growth of EAC members is the highest in the world, GDP rise is also competitively rising against the European stagnation. Japan, obviously, is the leader and host of the EAC. The nations presented the most sophisticated tools and methods, which then powered by South East Asia’s relatively cheap labour to push the production.

Premier LKY already warned Subandrio that any raise in lower-wage salaries will ruin this opportunity. Currently, Japan is still keen on investing in Indonesia, despite has noticed the cost of labour in the Philippines and South Vietnam are much cheaper. The disparity between high-tech cities and slow-growth rural have maintained Indonesia’s paradox: being quite ahead on society while still benefiting as a developing nation. Plus, Premier LKY also stopped the nationalization of companies, a trend that he himself implemented years ago. For him, the current dynamics had transformed that further nationalization would mean more disadvantages than advantages of the nation’s economy.

That’s what Subandrio always criticized LKY for; just the economic mindset. On the President’s behalf, society progressed not solely from a better economy, it needed welfare to protect. Indeed, more money makes society better apparently, but what’s the use of money if there’s no guarantee of healthcare, pensions and insurance. Besides, Indonesia’s core doesn’t imply prioritizing economies, it has five principles, two of which stressed man’s justice and prosperity.

Meanwhile, the United States has expressed a possible overhaul to restructure the Pacific islands administration. Since most of the UN’s Pacific Trust Territories was transferred to American control (some of the previously were NZ or Australian controlled), the Americans were planning on giving each cultural regions referendum, either joining America as commonwealth territories which can be admitted to statehood, or demanded independence. The Glenn Administration has decided to resolve the acquired Pacific islands once and for all. With that, he invited Indonesia to help the Americans to be one of the Pacific’s defender. Moreover, this case will not be a one-party opt, Subandrio affirmed, as even the Conservatives are willing to let them go, even preferred independence rather than admitting them.

This new trend of the US gave a new idea of a possible Pacific Alliance consisted of the US, Indonesia, Australia and NZ. Subandrio told the President that reaching out to Australia will still be different from the war and much effort will be exerted. New Zealand, however, is amenable to heal old wounds and continue cordial relations.

“Alright, Secretary Sabam. Also, do you received any whereabouts on Toba?”

Toba was a registered Indonesian cargo ship that lost contact near Socotra Island. Hopefully, the tropical storm only disrupted radio transmission.

=========================​
[1] An idea of Melayu Bersatu Faction is like the current party in Malaysia, UMNO.
[2]
First Island chain derived from here.

This is an intro to Subandrio's thoughts, next up would be his visit to Japan.
 
17 May 1986
Jakarta, Indonesia


After five years of premiership and eight years of presidency, the 72-year old Subandrio has already felt a president’s weight after months of serious work. His recent trip to the Federal Kingdom of Germany has compelled him a week of rest on the Presidential Palace. In addition to it, his recent fury towards the agitating military exhausted his energy. A few weeks ago, Umar had given the torch to Try and Wahono, as stated in the 1986 Year Congress of PRD. Umar’s popularity never returned after multiple accusations of corruption and budget embezzlement. Instead of continuing the stubborn path, he relented and passed on.

At Subandrio’s party, a great change is going to happen. The faction led by Mahathir Mohammad was squeezing LKY and Musa Hitam from the majority. Mahathir and his countryside politicians felt cheated with the urban Federal District’s rapid development. The fact that LKY and Musa Hitam fitted to the city-dwellers also confirmed this new faction, Melayu Bersatu Faction [1], to kick the Malacca Faction out from leading the PPP. Worse, the Melayu Bersatu Faction attracted Sumatran folks also, a base that Subandrio’s Hatta Faction endure on.

The PRD, conveniently, allied themselves beside Mahathir’s Melayu Bersatu Faction, with malicious intent on reducing Hatta and Malacca’s Faction. It was unfortunate that Mahathir’s ideologues were no different than Hatta during his prime times. Yet, due to Subandrio and LKY, the hatred had grown larger than common sense could fathom. Despite the similarities, Melayu Bersatu Faction has similarities with PRD regarding the pro-farmer and increasingly populist concept. Subandrio can guess a pact between these two groups, Melayu Bersatu attracting Malayans while PRD for Javanese and Sundanese ethnicities.

For the Malacca Faction, LKY has met Habibie for a negotiable alliance, therefore aligning themselves as a nationalist outlook. The Premier does have some nationalistic tendencies. His campaign was always civic nationalism and state multiracialism. He embraced the arrival of Jews into North Madagascar, while others criticized and condemned that particular race deeply. The other faction that had no interest in aversing the Jews were Habibie’s Nusantara Faction, no wonder they’ve discovered that both men aren’t so incompatible after all.

The President stopped his political analysis for a moment. He had no business in lobbying anew, he had determined to step down after ending his presidency in 1988. So far, the President’s aide-de-camp has been Adam Malik. He was also retiring, and gave the Hatta’s Faction leader to Sabam Sirait, Subandrio’s secretary, by January next year. Besides, the domestic political circus was entirely pointless looking at the world clown that is happening now.

“Mr President, the UASR demand us to renegotiate our trade deals, it is said that the Egyptians demanded more.”

The Suez Canal had been Indonesia’s main trade to Europe and holds vital importance of flowing technology to our own nation. While Japan and Hong Kong have given decent electrical appliances, Indonesians have bought any German industrial advancement that the country can purchase. As the European nation’s industry was the best since the 19th century, Indonesia could not resist the lure of the Rhenish industrial competence. Everything, from mining tractors to agricultural shovels, is bought to satisfied the Indonesian elite market along with the industry that tried to copy it. So, Suez Canal had been the bloodline of Indonesia's future. The UASR understood this and wished trade deals to help prioritise Indonesian ships to pass through without delays. That befell with the cost of livestock subsidies, something the UASR are lacking off from her growing population. Last year, the UASR demanded another product, this time processed food subsidies. Now, Subandrio suspected it would be coffee.

“Bring them to the table, Mr Anwar. Besides, Nasser would not be staying long.” Subandrio answered. He shrugged the country of being too cautious. The Suez Canal was an international passage owned by the Egyptians, yet they have abused the passage to increase relevance. He could not argue too much, though, Indonesia is doing the same thing in the Malacca Straits.

Any third nation, despite historical discrepancies, will fall under any case in these two contexts: lack of power rotation and lack of delegation. Starting in the 80s, President Nasser had effectively centralized the nation under his rule except for Hussein and his huge Iraqi Ba’athist Army. His popularity had never waned caused him to suffer a disease like all leaders before him, he built his own cult of personality. In Yugoslavia, General Kadijević was wise enough to care for the national state rather than own cultural and ethnic groups. He stopped the early dissolution of Yugoslavia from the rising protests from each cultural identity. In the UASR, Subandrio has no hesitancy that Saddam will eventually form his independent Iraqi state after the death of Nasser. The sickness had been too Egypt-centric, especially with Nasser’s new pharaoh-Esque new capital proposal West of Cairo, it raged much of the Syrian and Iraqi’s plea that wished for funds to divert from there. Corruption also started to infect the government. According to our intelligence, local Jordanian legislatures are starting to receive Saudi’s money to rebel that supported some militias including the new movement in Palestine. Inevitably, the UASR will be spliced sooner or later.

The Arabian money was draining away in Libya also; the Gadhafi dictatorship was losing control after a small militaristic Islamic rebellion sprouted on Benghazi, crippling the nation’s oil production. The Iraqis are sent there, only to realize they are fighting Saudi militias in this proxy war. The French have been funding Gadhafi too, but that will certainly hamper UASR’s stability. The idea of Islamism has been prevalent in the heart of Islam, Saudi Arabia. So, much of the young populace in the Middle East are feeling less hopeful about the old Pan Arabism from socialism characteristics and promoted more on fundamentalism and Wahhabism. Moreover, since the French were restoring connections with the Germans, the UASR carelessly advocated for Pan Arab to expand in French Africa, hinder further relation improvements.

That worrying trend of Wahhabism also caught notice by Subandrio in Indonesia. Although Indonesia’s friendliness to Iran does help decrease discrimination, the rift between moderate and purist Islam has deepened. The NU is frightened with Muhammadiyah and the more radical Front Pemuda Islam. The essence of religious uniformity was already dangerous to Indonesia that two of the major rebellions are sourced by that background. Short term benefits for Subandrio’s party is obvious, the PUI will split shortly. The premise which he worried about is the uncertain future of Indonesia.

“No, Sir. I don’t believe so. But the problem is your initiative of a neutral Indonesia.” Anwar noted.

Buggers, President Subandrio comprehended the Foreign Minister’s understanding. Indonesia’s status to be non-aligned nations has disintegrated after the 60s and 70s. Much alone to the 80s, where business with First World Nations have become the most frequent occurrence. The fourth NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) Summit will convene in Nairobi, Indonesia will attend even though the fiery eyes African nations will give. UASR’s renegotiation may hamper Indonesia’s return as the original NAM member. Being non-aligned essentially rendered all nations friendly towards Indonesia. However, looking at the fruits of capitalism and American scientific advancement, the LKY cabinet has no plan on returning to non-align.

Official Indonesia’s stance had been leaning, if not very, towards the Western Bloc. Fortunately, Indonesia’s was not entirely shifted to one side after a negotiation with communist France, it soothed the old guards thinking for neutral Indonesia. The recent French appeasement towards the Germans, however, may cause the entire question to return. The PRD, not surprised, brought on this issue to the Parliament, mocking the government as too US-leaning. More harsh comments came from PPI and PUI, seeing the ‘demoralization’ of the society from their perspective.

Subandrio continued to converse about the President’s wishes to join the Summit. The Foreign Minister, yet, showed less enthusiasm for this event. He considered that showing presence at that Summit only bring nuisance and chaos to the Parliament, which the cabinet has enough of. The debate with Foreign Minister Anwar continued, meanwhile a small knock arrived Secretary Sabam Sirait.

“Afternoon Mr President and Foreign Minister, the plane scheduled to Japan has arrived. You need to go to Halim Airport, Mr President.”

The 4th Summit of the East Asian Community is in two days, President Subandrio acknowledged. Four years of decreased tariffs have earned East Asia the greatest economic boost in history. While China lagged in Madame Mao, the First Island Chain [2] has improved dramatically. The average economic growth of EAC members is the highest in the world, GDP rise is also competitively rising against the European stagnation. Japan, obviously, is the leader and host of the EAC. The nations presented the most sophisticated tools and methods, which then powered by South East Asia’s relatively cheap labour to push the production.

Premier LKY already warned Subandrio that any raise in lower-wage salaries will ruin this opportunity. Currently, Japan is still keen on investing in Indonesia, despite has noticed the cost of labour in the Philippines and South Vietnam are much cheaper. The disparity between high-tech cities and slow-growth rural have maintained Indonesia’s paradox: being quite ahead on society while still benefiting as a developing nation. Plus, Premier LKY also stopped the nationalization of companies, a trend that he himself implemented years ago. For him, the current dynamics had transformed that further nationalization would mean more disadvantages than advantages of the nation’s economy.

That’s what Subandrio always criticized LKY for; just the economic mindset. On the President’s behalf, society progressed not solely from a better economy, it needed welfare to protect. Indeed, more money makes society better apparently, but what’s the use of money if there’s no guarantee of healthcare, pensions and insurance. Besides, Indonesia’s core doesn’t imply prioritizing economies, it has five principles, two of which stressed man’s justice and prosperity.

Meanwhile, the United States has expressed a possible overhaul to restructure the Pacific islands administration. Since most of the UN’s Pacific Trust Territories was transferred to American control (some of the previously were NZ or Australian controlled), the Americans were planning on giving each cultural regions referendum, either joining America as commonwealth territories which can be admitted to statehood, or demanded independence. The Glenn Administration has decided to resolve the acquired Pacific islands once and for all. With that, he invited Indonesia to help the Americans to be one of the Pacific’s defender. Moreover, this case will not be a one-party opt, Subandrio affirmed, as even the Conservatives are willing to let them go, even preferred independence rather than admitting them.

This new trend of the US gave a new idea of a possible Pacific Alliance consisted of the US, Indonesia, Australia and NZ. Subandrio told the President that reaching out to Australia will still be different from the war and much effort will be exerted. New Zealand, however, is amenable to heal old wounds and continue cordial relations.

“Alright, Secretary Sabam. Also, do you received any whereabouts on Toba?”

Toba was a registered Indonesian cargo ship that lost contact near Socotra Island. Hopefully, the tropical storm only disrupted radio transmission.

=========================​
[1] An idea of Melayu Bersatu Faction is like the current party in Malaysia, UMNO.
[2]
First Island chain derived from here.

This is an intro to Subandrio's thoughts, next up would be his visit to Japan.
I hope you touched on the racial issue in malaysia and also a civil war in the uasr? Why do i have a feeling turkey gonna be involved
 
War no more! Part 9: Crisis Prologue
19 May 1986
Tokyo, Japan


The President should hold a speech for the outstanding growth of South East Asia as EAC’s greatest marvels. However, the sky around him had been grim because Toba was interfered with by rebel militias of the Somali Government. It seemed that the vessel was at the wrong place during the wrong time.

During the British massive withdrawal from Africa, the Somaliland Protectorate was allowed to unite with former Italian Somalia for a democratic Somalian government. By 1973, they hold the first-ever elections in unified Somalia. The government elected was a nationalist party led by Abdirashid Shermarke. Especially when Ethiopia fell under communist influence, Shermarke’s Youth League Party campaign vigorously for uniting the brothers on Ethiopian land, thus creating a Greater Somalia. His ambition yet was confronted with the religious upheaval that was never finally explored until 1984. A country still divided was clinging on towards Shermarke’s loyal general Jama Korshel. When the nation attacked Ethiopia in late-1985, that nation did not comprehend how deep communism has infiltrated. As a result, last week the Somalian People’s Movement sieged the capital. It has ties with Islamo-socialist Turkey. Of course, Saudi Arabia participated in this mess, they funded the Mujahideen to establish an Islamic government. It was chaos. On that particular day, the Mujahideen’s hijacked Toba. Consequently, the Parliament issued a national decree to reinforce the return of Toba. Subandrio is afraid that this will brought a dangerous precedent for the fragile serenity of Africa and the Middle East.

“Mr President, Toba will be rescued.” Foreign Minister Anwar reassured Subandrio. For the first time in man’s history, Subandrio saw the first major piracy incident involving an entire cargo ship in Indonesian post-independence history. Somalia was definitely a test; the media is already prying for his reaction immediately. PPI has started to insult the governments’ long response as ‘cowardly rats’ and linked it with the Tragedy of Poroporo.

President Subandrio was furious with how the world seems to plan against him. Almost every attempt he made to curtail the military must meet with some bizarre incidents that compel him to do the otherwise. Recently, he has been reciting Al-Quran more frequently than he used to. He eats seldom and became agitated in cabinet meetings. His only source of relaxation was his wife and old vinyl collection of ’45 songs.

“I understand, Anwar. The LKY cabinet has been working excellently to resolve this issue.” Subandrio lied. He had no intention to delegate this issue to Premier Lee. This EAC meeting which just began was why he rather passed it to him. Premier Lee resolved this issue by threatening a release from the Mujahedeen. So far, the Mujahedeen merely demanded formal recognition of the Islamic Republic of Somalia. LKY has been contacting Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as the cargo’s supplier and ship registry. Germany preferred a cordial negotiation while Premier Lee preferred intimidation. The 4th Fleet was sent north from Madagascar.

“Anyway, Foreign Minister. I suggest we seat and discuss EAC’s future,” the President recommended Anwar. Similarly, EAC talks was a challenge especially since the Tokyo government has shifted slightly more aggressive. Prime Minister Masajūrō Shiokawa was intending to open strict immigration laws to tackle the lack of uneducated workers. Still, the benefits outweigh the burdens and the Japanese people openly denied the proposal. Despite the rejection, the Prime Minister opens trade tariffs, thus opening the idea for EAC’s open market.

The East Asian Community for now only subsidized export tax and inter-regional corporation laws from member countries. According to Subandrio, an open market scheme has been rather far-fetched. People haven’t fully grasped the idea of an open border thus remained protectionist about the economy. The Asian norms preferred bilateral deal because more members will spew more negotiations, a common goal was portrayed to never be as beneficial as singular or bilateral agreements.

Last year, Japan signed an exclusive deal with the Indonesians whose deal has been technically a barter of goods instead of money. Then-Prime Minister Taro Nakayama envisioned Indonesia as Asia’s Southern Rising Sun reminded them once of Japan before. The statement caused quite a stir in Asian politics, considering Japan’s dark imperial past. The current successor was a more careful approach, he believed Indonesia will be the new centre of trade. Brilliantly, he came out with a ‘New Silk Road’ idea, stating that the land route has deteriorated for the sea route to expand. The issue for the current premiership was not derived from Japan but Indonesia herself.

“We need to talk with Prime Minister Shiokawa about Japanese huge percentage on Indonesia’s total advance goods. The people aren’t very happy about this and began showing anti-Japanese boycotts.”

“I think the Japanese are willing to buy some of our national companies, these would reduce anti-Japanese sentiments while probably maintaining the trade we have for them. Alternatively, we could demand more from Europe or America, but that will be more expensive.”

“I know. Premier LKY has been nagging me about the rising trade from Germany. We need them solely for machinery, not production. Besides, the new incident we had before just shows how hostile the Red Sea can be.”

…..................................​
20 May 1986
Kyoto, Japan


Our small initiative to unite East Asia for a better flow of goods was our first step in developing the East for our people’s prosperity and livelihood. We, the East Asian Community, are still relatively young in terms of age, but the ramifications of it had been significant to each nation’s growth. The dynamics among each other has resonated into every one of us, up until the minutest goods of our daily lives. Personally, this community has its members’ not affiliating perfectly, yet this community has proven that unity and friendship are far superior to rivalry and tension. We, in the EAC, currently agree on a common subsidized tariff. I believe we, soon, will show the world how successful EAC has become. Hence, when every eye has noticed us, we show that the world can be as synergic as the EAC.

-President Subandrio in the 4th EAC Summit Opening

To start with, Subandrio’s speech at the EAC 4th Summit was definitely unveiling a small patriotic emotion. He conveyed an early thought of Indonesia before the EAC, and how Japan with EAC has shaped Indonesia into a fast-paced development. At home, the DPD and DPR conveyed it positively, except the PPI who still thinks of President Subandrio too leaning on Japan. Foreign Minister Masayoshi Ito met with Anwar, stating that maybe at the end of 1986, Japan will maybe relax visa conditions for Indonesian citizens.

The problem from Subandrio’s latest speech was how the Mainland nations reacted. The People’s Republic of China considered it an immediate threat to the Chinese connection to the world. President Jiang Qing condemned the EAC as ‘anti-Chinese’ and launched aggressive military exercise along the coast. Especially in Korea where borders China, the People’s Republic turned increasingly close with the Soviet Union.

For Foreign Minister Anwar, what he can expect were heightened conflicts in Indochina. The region has become a Chinese propaganda battleground, launching communist movements to attract small nations to the mainland sphere. India as China’s partner was alarming too, both greatest nation in continental Asia was America’s greatest fears. Including the Soviet Union, any confrontation that resulted in active war will definitely end apocalyptically.

In the United States, the midterm elections are starting to heat up. The Conservatives are winning most Democratic tossups. If that happens, Indonesia could have slashed its foreign aid throughout the years. That free money for few American cities in Papua was Carter and Glenn’s major policy. If that ended, not only will Indonesia must rewrite the budget, but also defence fears that the same Americans will try to establish a free Papua.

The foreign minister sighed deeply. The racial issue has started to erupt once again, this time against the Chinese descendants. It became severe as Premier LKY was losing touch quickly with the Parliament, which caused the media to vilify him according to orthodox discrimination. The Indonesians accepted a Singaporean Premier in the 70s, they, unfortunately, don’t this time.

===================​
Excuse me for the short update, life has been quite busy for this week.

As usual, some names ITTL are based on OTL, although with slightly different backgrounds. Names are hyperlink accordingly to give some context.
A first glance of Indonesia being targeted by Islamists, although being the largest Islamic nation in the world.
Also, a small entrance to the dangers of Papua's extreme advancement.
A slipping presidency and maybe the government along with it. All of it depends on how the government solve the crisis.
Discrimination finally getting momentum this year and maybe will affect the upcoming years. It has been considerably some time that Indonesia has been going under a 'racial utopia'.
I think next up would cover the Toba crisis along with the shockwave/aftermath of it.
 
19 May 1986
Tokyo, Japan


The President should hold a speech for the outstanding growth of South East Asia as EAC’s greatest marvels. However, the sky around him had been grim because Toba was interfered with by rebel militias of the Somali Government. It seemed that the vessel was at the wrong place during the wrong time.

During the British massive withdrawal from Africa, the Somaliland Protectorate was allowed to unite with former Italian Somalia for a democratic Somalian government. By 1973, they hold the first-ever elections in unified Somalia. The government elected was a nationalist party led by Abdirashid Shermarke. Especially when Ethiopia fell under communist influence, Shermarke’s Youth League Party campaign vigorously for uniting the brothers on Ethiopian land, thus creating a Greater Somalia. His ambition yet was confronted with the religious upheaval that was never finally explored until 1984. A country still divided was clinging on towards Shermarke’s loyal general Jama Korshel. When the nation attacked Ethiopia in late-1985, that nation did not comprehend how deep communism has infiltrated. As a result, last week the Somalian People’s Movement sieged the capital. It has ties with Islamo-socialist Turkey. Of course, Saudi Arabia participated in this mess, they funded the Mujahideen to establish an Islamic government. It was chaos. On that particular day, the Mujahideen’s hijacked Toba. Consequently, the Parliament issued a national decree to reinforce the return of Toba. Subandrio is afraid that this will brought a dangerous precedent for the fragile serenity of Africa and the Middle East.

“Mr President, Toba will be rescued.” Foreign Minister Anwar reassured Subandrio. For the first time in man’s history, Subandrio saw the first major piracy incident involving an entire cargo ship in Indonesian post-independence history. Somalia was definitely a test; the media is already prying for his reaction immediately. PPI has started to insult the governments’ long response as ‘cowardly rats’ and linked it with the Tragedy of Poroporo.

President Subandrio was furious with how the world seems to plan against him. Almost every attempt he made to curtail the military must meet with some bizarre incidents that compel him to do the otherwise. Recently, he has been reciting Al-Quran more frequently than he used to. He eats seldom and became agitated in cabinet meetings. His only source of relaxation was his wife and old vinyl collection of ’45 songs.

“I understand, Anwar. The LKY cabinet has been working excellently to resolve this issue.” Subandrio lied. He had no intention to delegate this issue to Premier Lee. This EAC meeting which just began was why he rather passed it to him. Premier Lee resolved this issue by threatening a release from the Mujahedeen. So far, the Mujahedeen merely demanded formal recognition of the Islamic Republic of Somalia. LKY has been contacting Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as the cargo’s supplier and ship registry. Germany preferred a cordial negotiation while Premier Lee preferred intimidation. The 4th Fleet was sent north from Madagascar.

“Anyway, Foreign Minister. I suggest we seat and discuss EAC’s future,” the President recommended Anwar. Similarly, EAC talks was a challenge especially since the Tokyo government has shifted slightly more aggressive. Prime Minister Masajūrō Shiokawa was intending to open strict immigration laws to tackle the lack of uneducated workers. Still, the benefits outweigh the burdens and the Japanese people openly denied the proposal. Despite the rejection, the Prime Minister opens trade tariffs, thus opening the idea for EAC’s open market.

The East Asian Community for now only subsidized export tax and inter-regional corporation laws from member countries. According to Subandrio, an open market scheme has been rather far-fetched. People haven’t fully grasped the idea of an open border thus remained protectionist about the economy. The Asian norms preferred bilateral deal because more members will spew more negotiations, a common goal was portrayed to never be as beneficial as singular or bilateral agreements.

Last year, Japan signed an exclusive deal with the Indonesians whose deal has been technically a barter of goods instead of money. Then-Prime Minister Taro Nakayama envisioned Indonesia as Asia’s Southern Rising Sun reminded them once of Japan before. The statement caused quite a stir in Asian politics, considering Japan’s dark imperial past. The current successor was a more careful approach, he believed Indonesia will be the new centre of trade. Brilliantly, he came out with a ‘New Silk Road’ idea, stating that the land route has deteriorated for the sea route to expand. The issue for the current premiership was not derived from Japan but Indonesia herself.

“We need to talk with Prime Minister Shiokawa about Japanese huge percentage on Indonesia’s total advance goods. The people aren’t very happy about this and began showing anti-Japanese boycotts.”

“I think the Japanese are willing to buy some of our national companies, these would reduce anti-Japanese sentiments while probably maintaining the trade we have for them. Alternatively, we could demand more from Europe or America, but that will be more expensive.”

“I know. Premier LKY has been nagging me about the rising trade from Germany. We need them solely for machinery, not production. Besides, the new incident we had before just shows how hostile the Red Sea can be.”

…..................................​
20 May 1986
Kyoto, Japan




To start with, Subandrio’s speech at the EAC 4th Summit was definitely unveiling a small patriotic emotion. He conveyed an early thought of Indonesia before the EAC, and how Japan with EAC has shaped Indonesia into a fast-paced development. At home, the DPD and DPR conveyed it positively, except the PPI who still thinks of President Subandrio too leaning on Japan. Foreign Minister Masayoshi Ito met with Anwar, stating that maybe at the end of 1986, Japan will maybe relax visa conditions for Indonesian citizens.

The problem from Subandrio’s latest speech was how the Mainland nations reacted. The People’s Republic of China considered it an immediate threat to the Chinese connection to the world. President Jiang Qing condemned the EAC as ‘anti-Chinese’ and launched aggressive military exercise along the coast. Especially in Korea where borders China, the People’s Republic turned increasingly close with the Soviet Union.

For Foreign Minister Anwar, what he can expect were heightened conflicts in Indochina. The region has become a Chinese propaganda battleground, launching communist movements to attract small nations to the mainland sphere. India as China’s partner was alarming too, both greatest nation in continental Asia was America’s greatest fears. Including the Soviet Union, any confrontation that resulted in active war will definitely end apocalyptically.

In the United States, the midterm elections are starting to heat up. The Conservatives are winning most Democratic tossups. If that happens, Indonesia could have slashed its foreign aid throughout the years. That free money for few American cities in Papua was Carter and Glenn’s major policy. If that ended, not only will Indonesia must rewrite the budget, but also defence fears that the same Americans will try to establish a free Papua.

The foreign minister sighed deeply. The racial issue has started to erupt once again, this time against the Chinese descendants. It became severe as Premier LKY was losing touch quickly with the Parliament, which caused the media to vilify him according to orthodox discrimination. The Indonesians accepted a Singaporean Premier in the 70s, they, unfortunately, don’t this time.

===================​
Excuse me for the short update, life has been quite busy for this week.

As usual, some names ITTL are based on OTL, although with slightly different backgrounds. Names are hyperlink accordingly to give some context.
A first glance of Indonesia being targeted by Islamists, although being the largest Islamic nation in the world.
Also, a small entrance to the dangers of Papua's extreme advancement.
A slipping presidency and maybe the government along with it. All of it depends on how the government solve the crisis.
Discrimination finally getting momentum this year and maybe will affect the upcoming years. It has been considerably some time that Indonesia has been going under a 'racial utopia'.
I think next up would cover the Toba crisis along with the shockwave/aftermath of it.
Well we finally see an ittl ogaden war oh im excited to see it
 
The Man who would be Greater Part 1: Toba Hostage
Toba Hostage and the Kismayo Crisis

1618648914307.png

The capture of an Indonesian-registered Cargo Ship Toba has caused an extensive crisis for the remainder of the 1980s. Consequently, this event may spark the shenanigans that would continue to burn in Africa for decades. Also, being the targeted nation, Indonesia herself would witness a slight shift in foreign policy which finally materialized in the second quarter of the 21st century.

Toba was the first-ever cargo ship that the nation’s promising shipbuilders proudly presented. Benefiting from American knowledge with Japanese practicality, PT Penataran Angkatan Laut (PAL), a state-owned shipbuilding enterprise would build his own Panamax Class ship. Following a standard length and draft of 250m and 11m respectively, the ship can hold 3000 TEUs. Toba was the first armada of the ten PT PAL would construct by the end of the 90s. Laid down in 1981 and finally launched two years before the accident, Toba would replace the existing Indonesian government container fleets that then traverse Germany to Malacca. PT PAL gave it to PT Samudera Indonesia [1], the buyer and operator of the ship. The operator had registered it in Jakarta, currently trying to balance the Singaporean Temasek fleet which has been dominating the shipment service.

Toba was formerly open to usage for all business. However, in early 1985 the government would exclusively rent it for securing the European tech sharing that the Germans have agreed to. The ship would be responsible to carry tonnes of automotive, machinery and tools with the return of rubber, chemistry and processed products whose price has been discounted for the European benefit. Sometimes, the ship would carry out trips to Japan with similar exchange but the shipping focus is mainly European. To encourage Germany with his European friends for more technological exchange, the registry would be moved to Bremen by PT Samudera Indonesia. That change of registry also reduced cost for the company from higher regulations in Jakarta Federal District, rendering the ship more profitable for the state-owned enterprise. Before the accident, the ship was, unfortunately, carrying secretive military equipment for PT Pindad for military usage and further mechanization research. Several TEUs had been filled with computers, advanced radar and reconnaissance machinery for a total sum of almost 5 million Rupiahs.

Toba was hit by a storm near Aden on the night of 16 May. The ship was unharmed from the weather, although it may have rocked heavily during the high tidal waves. Yet, three hours after the storm, a group of small boats from Somalia would hijack the ship. They boarded the ship and capture the Captain thus controlling Toba. The ship was sailed offshore of the Mujahideen-controlled Kismayo. There are 19 Indonesians, 9 Americans, 3 Germans and 1 Japanese on the ship. They were held hostage in an undisclosed location on Jilib.

To fully apprehend the background of this capture, a thorough explanation must be given around the Horn of Africa. Eritreans saw the USSR favouring the Ethiopians more, proven by agreeing to squash Tigray and Afar residences. The Eritrean government still intended to say on the Comecon sphere, but the people had become too distrustful of the regime. The anti-government insurgence soon erupted under the UASR backing. Ethiopia, meanwhile, cognized Amha Selassie who launched a democratic resistance opposing them. As a result, the Ethiopia-Somali War was completely frozen. Both sides have agreed on an armistice and focused entirely to squash the rebels before continuing the war. That armistice happened on the 15th without international oversight.

The capture, some might believe, was a desperate effort planned by the Mujahedeen to finally grasp the attention of the Americans on the Horn conflict. Especially since the Somali Republic will end the rebels quickly after the signed deal. The USSR, currently supporting the communist militias, was reluctant on negotiating with the Mujahedeen, opting to secure a unified communist Somalia. The Somalian’s People Movement Leader General Jaalle Mohamed Siad Barre was formerly a crackdown general of a division carrying out efforts to silence the Mujahedeen. After the fall of Mogadishu was imminent, the Mujahedeen Council perceived an attack that cannot be defended. With the hostage situation, the Mujahedeen foolishly thought that the Americans would help them fight for their establishment.

1618649006887.png

the Mujahedeen

Upon perceiving the hostage crisis, President Subandrio was on the meeting with East Asian powers regarding the EAC Summit. He delegated his powers to Premier Lee as he was extremely detached in that matter. Premier Lee after that launched the 4th Fleet immediately after gaining the executive permission. The cargo was LKY’s highest priority as there were many valuable goods, some of them highly dangerous in unfriendly hands. He assumed the Mujahideen group as hostile and carefully proceeded plan with aggressive manoeuvres. Premier Lee continued floating the fleet off across the Kismayo. He ordered Rear Admiral Tanto Kuswanto to fill up the ammo as a provision for future bombardments. In the meantime, diplomatic envoys would attempt to release the ship.

The first contact arrived on the 21st of May. A diplomatic ambassador Latief Budiman arrived at the Mujahideen Headquarters in Jilib. Latief was accompanied by American representative Lyold Cutler. They were greeted with a warm welcome, but the Mujahideen commanders wished for the Americans for official recognition of the Islamic Republic of Somalia in return for the American hostage. The Americans rejected those offer as they were backing the federal government. For the Indonesian hostages, the militias claimed they treated well with food and drinks. The Muslim hostages are allowed to perform Salah 5 times a day. They were not allowed to see the hostages though, which created a heated response that withdraws the first envoy.

Premier LKY was defeated with the first diplomatic failure. The problem was, the Glenn Administration was currently busy with the fallout from the Space Challenger Crash. The government has been attempting to appease the American people that space exploration remains mandatory for the Cold War. But there has been an anti-science movement opposing the over-funded space programs. Moreover, South Vietnam was also fighting the Cambodians.

In an attempt to find international assistance, Premier Lee urged President Subandrio to call in the United Nations on this matter. The international organization did respond for a commission to arrive, but the government needed to wait for three months. Premier Lee, knowing this would be a long and costly crisis, has ordered to send a second, belligerent Indonesian diplomat by 1st June to hammer out a return of the ship and hostage. This was a personal humiliation for the Indonesian government to have a ship fully hostage, the first major one to reach the international news. Alas, the other governments prefer the slower attrition route; they wait for the Mujahedeen to finally release. Premier Lee was not going for that option and ordered the 4th Fleet to increase pressure. For further cargo shipments, LKY ordered three destroyers KRI Siliwangi, KRI Sanjaya and KRI Diponegoro [2] to patrol the Socotra basin.

Lee’s actions were faced with great resistance from the Parliament. As much of the DPR and DPD are adherent to the Islamic faith, the Premier was faced with Islamophobia accusations and thus endangering his premiership. A young PUI senator Muhammad Al-Basri continuously pointed LKY to his seemingly racist policy. He would rally with other PUI representatives to once again oppose hardly any move the Premier was going to make. On 23rd May 1986, he spoke his infamous speech ‘the Devil’s Doing’

Indonesia has been a nation majorly of the Islamic faith. It was extremely tyrannical and ruthless for the current government to enact such extreme actions to fellow religious. The man in charge, Premier Lee Kuan Yew, should be hanged for such barbarity. He positioned the Mujahedeen rebels that took our ships as hostile terrorists, not knowing he indirectly insulting the entire 70% of his own country’s population. Premier Lee is the devil himself, this is the devil’s doing of clearing the Muslims!

Muhammad Al-Basri, senator (Regional Representative) of Pasundan

Al-Basri’s eccentric use of words may have driven the nation once again to oppose Premier Lee. Even with the exaggerated pretence, the Premier’s opposition has become stronger. The public media were threatening the Premier to withdraw the fleet and stop the aggressive policy. Within a week, the Parliament has returned to attempt another impeachment process. Premier Lee was fumed by President Subandrio when returned. The President criticized his actions of being too hurried and volatile, looking at the people turning against the government. Premier Lee remained his stance, stating that terrorists remain terrorists, although they are families.

I don’t care Mr President. These people have taken our people, and we should not be intimidated by them. Criminals should be dealt with batons, not candies and soft treatments. We are the nation of law, and those laws have written that stealing a ship and kidnapping was not treated with minor sentences. They used our men as a political prisoner. I will personally release them if I have to.

Exempt from the Premier Lee Kuan Yew's Library in Singapore

Premier Lee’s quick movements did agitate a lot of the people. The President, although subtlety agreeing on Premier Lee, advised him to wait for action. That inaction only worsened the Premier’s power on the parliament. Oppositions started questioning the Premier’s methods and demanded for a second vote of impeachment to commence. The Melayu Bersatu Faction was ready for the next step to kick LKY out after he was weak.

On the 31st of May, news of Mujahedeen killing off American and Indonesian hostages went wild on the news. The brave Indonesian Chief Engineer of the cargo ship, Anwar Muljadi, has sent transmission without the militias consent to the Indonesian Navy overseas. He, with two other American men, rushed towards the shore pleading for the rescue to come over. Helicopters of the Marines came to the rescue, they had plenty of fire against the coming militias, but they rescued the three men afterwards.

For the subsequent week, these three witnesses revealed the nasty captivity the Mujahedeen did. They mistakenly killed seven Indonesian crewmates, five of them are non-Muslims. Although they valued fellow believers, they killed two men of being ‘defenders of kafir’. These perpetrators are youth radical militias from the Somali Mujahedeen. They perceived Indonesian’s acceptance of Israeli immigrants to Madagascar as ‘extremely heretic’ and should ‘be persecuted’. Ironically enough, they don’t kill the Americans as they were deemed precious from the high command for negotiation tables.

These men were utterly disgusting to our belief in liberality and suffering. They only save men that benefited and kill the remaining which are useless. These teens are brainwashed so deeply from their conscience.

Cook John Freidmond, one of the escapers

In an instance, the government’s grasped the momentum of this testimony. President Subandrio responded to the militias with great infuriation. Under his own speech, he would condemn these types of militias, and calling out them as ‘true devils of the Islamic faith’. As the President retook the command of the armed forces, he instructed Rear Admiral Tanto Kuswanto to scheme a breakout to the remaining captives. The second diplomats were cancelled for an attack to plan. He also reconciled with Premier LKY and defend the latter’s policies to the nation. Premier LKY, with his counter-attack from the early insults from members of the DPR, gave the ‘they are no friends’ speech.

1618649720037.png

LKY during his DPR speech.

My fellow Indonesian politicians, the tragic occurrence in the state of Somalia reminded us that we are lucky to be an Indonesian citizen. An Indonesian that honoured the values of Pancasila, the first being tolerance to other religions. Looking at the current situation, these Mujahedeen performed the worst humanity has ever seen. The first-ever radical movement has surpassed equally with other racist and extreme levels of religious discrimination. They are stubborn and rebellious, they only care about themselves and themselves only.

My dear members of this chamber, they are no friends. They may be devotees of Indonesia’s largest belief but our beliefs are different than theirs. We struggled for prosperity, they thirst for chaos. They see killings as bliss, conciliation as apostasy. The Indonesian government will not permit them to harass our citizens. We will retrieve them and bring them home.

Premier Lee in the DPR, 7th June, 1986

Unlike the President’s angry speech, this time’s level-headed response from the Premier itself sparked the greatest political movement in Indonesian history. Yet again, for the second time in the century, people including the Islam believers once again reject the PUI and rallied under a non-Islamic banner. (In this context, Premier Lee) Anti-war supporters shrank rapidly against the numbering angry citizens who wanted revenge against the Mujahedeen. However, those who are staunchly inclined to the PUI and the opposition thought this move was a ‘cultural coup’ to kill fundamentalist once and for all.

The first confrontation happened to retrieve the hostages on 2nd July 1986.

====================================​
[1] ITTL PT Samudera was a privately owned company that was sponsored by the government.
[2] Kidd Class Destroyers, ITTL also used by Imperial Iran.

After this crisis, the government actually healed its reputation and LKY became popular as it was before the impeachment proceedings. President Subandrio felt great respect for the man and opted to side with him despite his disagreements.

The United Nations aren't so active ITTL was because the current dispute between the USSR and the US effectively froze any UN progress. Currently, any proxy war has become a betting game between two powers, neither of them using the UN as the international 'peace player'. Those three months they need before arriving in Somalia was to determine whether the Security Council (currently neither of them supporting one another) supports or denies any UN intervention. Overall, the UN was weakening to a League of Nations.

The Somalian Mujahideen can roam on the Red Sea because of foreign assistance that I may have briefed on in the previous post. That would resurface in the next chapter which will encompass the reaction of the confrontation and events relating to Kismayo.

The Somalians killed Indonesian for their hatred for the nation that accepts Jews. As these Jews are perceived as terrorists of the Middle East (especially after the death of the nation when the UASR killed them), many Islamic believers affirmed their hatred towards Jews. Few of the tolerant ones remain few, such as French Africa, partly Iran and Indonesia.
 
Toba Hostage and the Kismayo Crisis

View attachment 643341

The capture of an Indonesian-registered Cargo Ship Toba has caused an extensive crisis for the remainder of the 1980s. Consequently, this event may spark the shenanigans that would continue to burn in Africa for decades. Also, being the targeted nation, Indonesia herself would witness a slight shift in foreign policy which finally materialized in the second quarter of the 21st century.

Toba was the first-ever cargo ship that the nation’s promising shipbuilders proudly presented. Benefiting from American knowledge with Japanese practicality, PT Penataran Angkatan Laut (PAL), a state-owned shipbuilding enterprise would build his own Panamax Class ship. Following a standard length and draft of 250m and 11m respectively, the ship can hold 3000 TEUs. Toba was the first armada of the ten PT PAL would construct by the end of the 90s. Laid down in 1981 and finally launched two years before the accident, Toba would replace the existing Indonesian government container fleets that then traverse Germany to Malacca. PT PAL gave it to PT Samudera Indonesia [1], the buyer and operator of the ship. The operator had registered it in Jakarta, currently trying to balance the Singaporean Temasek fleet which has been dominating the shipment service.

Toba was formerly open to usage for all business. However, in early 1985 the government would exclusively rent it for securing the European tech sharing that the Germans have agreed to. The ship would be responsible to carry tonnes of automotive, machinery and tools with the return of rubber, chemistry and processed products whose price has been discounted for the European benefit. Sometimes, the ship would carry out trips to Japan with similar exchange but the shipping focus is mainly European. To encourage Germany with his European friends for more technological exchange, the registry would be moved to Bremen by PT Samudera Indonesia. That change of registry also reduced cost for the company from higher regulations in Jakarta Federal District, rendering the ship more profitable for the state-owned enterprise. Before the accident, the ship was, unfortunately, carrying secretive military equipment for PT Pindad for military usage and further mechanization research. Several TEUs had been filled with computers, advanced radar and reconnaissance machinery for a total sum of almost 5 million Rupiahs.

Toba was hit by a storm near Aden on the night of 16 May. The ship was unharmed from the weather, although it may have rocked heavily during the high tidal waves. Yet, three hours after the storm, a group of small boats from Somalia would hijack the ship. They boarded the ship and capture the Captain thus controlling Toba. The ship was sailed offshore of the Mujahideen-controlled Kismayo. There are 19 Indonesians, 9 Americans, 3 Germans and 1 Japanese on the ship. They were held hostage in an undisclosed location on Jilib.

To fully apprehend the background of this capture, a thorough explanation must be given around the Horn of Africa. Eritreans saw the USSR favouring the Ethiopians more, proven by agreeing to squash Tigray and Afar residences. The Eritrean government still intended to say on the Comecon sphere, but the people had become too distrustful of the regime. The anti-government insurgence soon erupted under the UASR backing. Ethiopia, meanwhile, cognized Amha Selassie who launched a democratic resistance opposing them. As a result, the Ethiopia-Somali War was completely frozen. Both sides have agreed on an armistice and focused entirely to squash the rebels before continuing the war. That armistice happened on the 15th without international oversight.

The capture, some might believe, was a desperate effort planned by the Mujahedeen to finally grasp the attention of the Americans on the Horn conflict. Especially since the Somali Republic will end the rebels quickly after the signed deal. The USSR, currently supporting the communist militias, was reluctant on negotiating with the Mujahedeen, opting to secure a unified communist Somalia. The Somalian’s People Movement Leader General Jaalle Mohamed Siad Barre was formerly a crackdown general of a division carrying out efforts to silence the Mujahedeen. After the fall of Mogadishu was imminent, the Mujahedeen Council perceived an attack that cannot be defended. With the hostage situation, the Mujahedeen foolishly thought that the Americans would help them fight for their establishment.

View attachment 643342
the Mujahedeen

Upon perceiving the hostage crisis, President Subandrio was on the meeting with East Asian powers regarding the EAC Summit. He delegated his powers to Premier Lee as he was extremely detached in that matter. Premier Lee after that launched the 4th Fleet immediately after gaining the executive permission. The cargo was LKY’s highest priority as there were many valuable goods, some of them highly dangerous in unfriendly hands. He assumed the Mujahideen group as hostile and carefully proceeded plan with aggressive manoeuvres. Premier Lee continued floating the fleet off across the Kismayo. He ordered Rear Admiral Tanto Kuswanto to fill up the ammo as a provision for future bombardments. In the meantime, diplomatic envoys would attempt to release the ship.

The first contact arrived on the 21st of May. A diplomatic ambassador Latief Budiman arrived at the Mujahideen Headquarters in Jilib. Latief was accompanied by American representative Lyold Cutler. They were greeted with a warm welcome, but the Mujahideen commanders wished for the Americans for official recognition of the Islamic Republic of Somalia in return for the American hostage. The Americans rejected those offer as they were backing the federal government. For the Indonesian hostages, the militias claimed they treated well with food and drinks. The Muslim hostages are allowed to perform Salah 5 times a day. They were not allowed to see the hostages though, which created a heated response that withdraws the first envoy.

Premier LKY was defeated with the first diplomatic failure. The problem was, the Glenn Administration was currently busy with the fallout from the Space Challenger Crash. The government has been attempting to appease the American people that space exploration remains mandatory for the Cold War. But there has been an anti-science movement opposing the over-funded space programs. Moreover, South Vietnam was also fighting the Cambodians.

In an attempt to find international assistance, Premier Lee urged President Subandrio to call in the United Nations on this matter. The international organization did respond for a commission to arrive, but the government needed to wait for three months. Premier Lee, knowing this would be a long and costly crisis, has ordered to send a second, belligerent Indonesian diplomat by 1st June to hammer out a return of the ship and hostage. This was a personal humiliation for the Indonesian government to have a ship fully hostage, the first major one to reach the international news. Alas, the other governments prefer the slower attrition route; they wait for the Mujahedeen to finally release. Premier Lee was not going for that option and ordered the 4th Fleet to increase pressure. For further cargo shipments, LKY ordered three destroyers KRI Siliwangi, KRI Sanjaya and KRI Diponegoro [2] to patrol the Socotra basin.

Lee’s actions were faced with great resistance from the Parliament. As much of the DPR and DPD are adherent to the Islamic faith, the Premier was faced with Islamophobia accusations and thus endangering his premiership. A young PUI senator Muhammad Al-Basri continuously pointed LKY to his seemingly racist policy. He would rally with other PUI representatives to once again oppose hardly any move the Premier was going to make. On 23rd May 1986, he spoke his infamous speech ‘the Devil’s Doing’



Al-Basri’s eccentric use of words may have driven the nation once again to oppose Premier Lee. Even with the exaggerated pretence, the Premier’s opposition has become stronger. The public media were threatening the Premier to withdraw the fleet and stop the aggressive policy. Within a week, the Parliament has returned to attempt another impeachment process. Premier Lee was fumed by President Subandrio when returned. The President criticized his actions of being too hurried and volatile, looking at the people turning against the government. Premier Lee remained his stance, stating that terrorists remain terrorists, although they are families.



Premier Lee’s quick movements did agitate a lot of the people. The President, although subtlety agreeing on Premier Lee, advised him to wait for action. That inaction only worsened the Premier’s power on the parliament. Oppositions started questioning the Premier’s methods and demanded for a second vote of impeachment to commence. The Melayu Bersatu Faction was ready for the next step to kick LKY out after he was weak.

On the 31st of May, news of Mujahedeen killing off American and Indonesian hostages went wild on the news. The brave Indonesian Chief Engineer of the cargo ship, Anwar Muljadi, has sent transmission without the militias consent to the Indonesian Navy overseas. He, with two other American men, rushed towards the shore pleading for the rescue to come over. Helicopters of the Marines came to the rescue, they had plenty of fire against the coming militias, but they rescued the three men afterwards.

For the subsequent week, these three witnesses revealed the nasty captivity the Mujahedeen did. They mistakenly killed seven Indonesian crewmates, five of them are non-Muslims. Although they valued fellow believers, they killed two men of being ‘defenders of kafir’. These perpetrators are youth radical militias from the Somali Mujahedeen. They perceived Indonesian’s acceptance of Israeli immigrants to Madagascar as ‘extremely heretic’ and should ‘be persecuted’. Ironically enough, they don’t kill the Americans as they were deemed precious from the high command for negotiation tables.



In an instance, the government’s grasped the momentum of this testimony. President Subandrio responded to the militias with great infuriation. Under his own speech, he would condemn these types of militias, and calling out them as ‘true devils of the Islamic faith’. As the President retook the command of the armed forces, he instructed Rear Admiral Tanto Kuswanto to scheme a breakout to the remaining captives. The second diplomats were cancelled for an attack to plan. He also reconciled with Premier LKY and defend the latter’s policies to the nation. Premier LKY, with his counter-attack from the early insults from members of the DPR, gave the ‘they are no friends’ speech.

View attachment 643345
LKY during his DPR speech.



Unlike the President’s angry speech, this time’s level-headed response from the Premier itself sparked the greatest political movement in Indonesian history. Yet again, for the second time in the century, people including the Islam believers once again reject the PUI and rallied under a non-Islamic banner. (In this context, Premier Lee) Anti-war supporters shrank rapidly against the numbering angry citizens who wanted revenge against the Mujahedeen. However, those who are staunchly inclined to the PUI and the opposition thought this move was a ‘cultural coup’ to kill fundamentalist once and for all.

The first confrontation happened to retrieve the hostages on 2nd July 1986.

====================================​
[1] ITTL PT Samudera was a privately owned company that was sponsored by the government.
[2] Kidd Class Destroyers, ITTL also used by Imperial Iran.

After this crisis, the government actually healed its reputation and LKY became popular as it was before the impeachment proceedings. President Subandrio felt great respect for the man and opted to side with him despite his disagreements.

The United Nations aren't so active ITTL was because the current dispute between the USSR and the US effectively froze any UN progress. Currently, any proxy war has become a betting game between two powers, neither of them using the UN as the international 'peace player'. Those three months they need before arriving in Somalia was to determine whether the Security Council (currently neither of them supporting one another) supports or denies any UN intervention. Overall, the UN was weakening to a League of Nations.

The Somalian Mujahideen can roam on the Red Sea because of foreign assistance that I may have briefed on in the previous post. That would resurface in the next chapter which will encompass the reaction of the confrontation and events relating to Kismayo.

The Somalians killed Indonesian for their hatred for the nation that accepts Jews. As these Jews are perceived as terrorists of the Middle East (especially after the death of the nation when the UASR killed them), many Islamic believers affirmed their hatred towards Jews. Few of the tolerant ones remain few, such as French Africa, partly Iran and Indonesia.
Well the situation in the horn of africa is a mess (just like otl) but with both country in a state of civil war? Now this is interesting also does some jewish intellectual starting to teach in indonesian university? I mean most that escaped to madagascar are intellectuals
 
Well the situation in the horn of africa is a mess (just like otl) but with both country in a state of civil war? Now this is interesting also does some jewish intellectual starting to teach in indonesian university? I mean most that escaped to madagascar are intellectuals

There are some sweet spots for them, cities like the Singapore area, anywhere in Papua and Madagascar, Bali (probably) and Walini City. Other universities may be too unwilling to accept Jews by the sheer Islamic resentment.
 
There are some sweet spots for them, cities like the Singapore area, anywhere in Papua and Madagascar, Bali (probably) and Walini City. Other universities may be too unwilling to accept Jews by the sheer Islamic resentment.
Do java accept jewish accademic? (perhaps university like UI and UGM since they are the biggest one otl and maybe ittl)
 
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