Emerald of The Equator: An Indonesian TL

What do you think about this thread?

  • Awesome!!

    Votes: 65 60.2%
  • Okay...

    Votes: 32 29.6%
  • Meh...

    Votes: 8 7.4%
  • It's Bad

    Votes: 3 2.8%

  • Total voters
    108
What i mean about 2008 is more like the deep shifting to far left and right. OTL Obama was moving the Dems slightly leftier than Clinton with Bush already moving the Reps far rightly. But the point has been the politic trend of 1980 ITTL has been quite similar to 2008 OTL environment.

Speaking of the next chapter, I will finally open up small teasers about a war happening coincidentally with South Vietnam war. Clue? It is the continent where I haven't been covering for almost a decade (TL-wise).
Oh so this would mean the people will be split even more like what happen in the past 4 year? Interesting

And war huh either africa or south america and by the timeline im guessing the beagle conflict in south america or the ogaden war in africa (also if you are going to touch on africa im hoping you would touch on the us and morrocan ubderground movement relationship because its getting interesting but if you not cpuld you give us a hint on what is happening relationship wise)
 
Btw, here's a map of Indochina for definite spoilers. Situated around November 1986

1614069888760.png
Yeah, definitely a lot to talk to. And yes, Myanmar has a lot to explain currently.

Courtesy of Political MBAM Map that I've discovered a while ago. I thank the creators who have created this wonderfully detailed craft.
 
Btw, here's a map of Indochina for definite spoilers. Situated around November 1986

Yeah, definitely a lot to talk to. And yes, Myanmar has a lot to explain currently.

Courtesy of Political MBAM Map that I've discovered a while ago. I thank the creators who have created this wonderfully detailed craft.
Now that is pretty interesting btw how do you made these map
 
War no more! Part 3: Situations for South Vietnam
Bring it On, Cambodia

25 April 1986

Tuy Hoa Air Base, Phú Yên Province, Republic of Vietnam

Lieutenant Colonel Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono recognises that there were three conflicting military factions. The media, television, radio or anyone outside of the command, truly acknowledged the divisions as politically instigated. They considered PRD to be totally Golkar, and so forth. However, the conditions inside the armed forces were definitely manifest that conditions aren’t as before-mentioned.

Nicknamed SBY, he enlisted into the Marines during the height of the conflict between Suharto and Nasution. At the start, both people sought power inside the government contradictorily. Nasution preferred the hard power, granting a portion to the Parliament to influence the outcome of the politics while strengthening the ABRI’s integration into the country. However, in 1973 he was very certain that his reputation would not drop so he never changed the presidential election system. He was opposed by Suharto, a less ambitious but more practical. The essence of Indonesia’s power lies within the relation between the government, army, and business enterprises. The government controls the policies; the army controls the people while the business controls the money. On a rational basis, General Suharto was a cunning person. The problem was he died before anything substantial happened.

All of Suharto’s replacements, or at least the Golkar Faction, had already influenced by the mighty corporations. Defence companies ruled by suit men in a smoky room, those companies posed many threats due to great resistance against nationalization. The army hadn’t become the army; it’s just serving the corporations. Pindad, a de facto state company, was exactly ruled by the Cendana Clan, with all those corporations worked align or under Mbah Tutut.

That left SBY, for the entirety of his military career, back the third faction of the armed forces. These men desired the old triumphs against hard-fought enemies, writing outstanding achievements under history. These men named themselves the ‘Purity Faction’, looked at externally as ‘Quality above all Movement’, determined that the army no longer fit for any political grounds, and must strive instead for a better, stronger, and more advanced military. When politics bickered and rambled, the army will fight for the nation and nation only. That dream had enticed much of post-war soldiers, like SBY.

Nasution’s dismissal of his ABRI dream caused more high staffs into complete dismay. Just like Golkar before, this seemed like a terrible loss of the faction’s charismatic leader. As a result, Nasution’s Faction which had reigned dominant against the Golkars must now face problems with generals from the Nasution faction fleeing to join Golkar. As a result, the armed forces had another reshuffle from top to bottom. That reason is why SBY arrived in Vietnam three days ago.

SBY married Sarwo Edhi’s daughter, Kristina Herawati[1], in 1976, which eased him up under the Golkar’s protection. He wasn’t entirely affiliated with his father-in-law, since the General rejected him from marrying her daughter once, but he grasped the opportunity while it still can. Under Sarwo’s permission, he met Defense Minister Try Sutrisno, which ordered SBY and few other commanders for a simple observational task in South Vietnam. His job is to observe, record, and report military happenstance throughout the brewing war as long as the minister urges. The envoy consists of three Kopassus men, four regular Army men, two Navy sailors and three Marines.

He noticed First Lieutenant Aryo Budiatmojo arrived in the tent and saluted him. He knew him back during the Angolan days, with the Lieutenant ever been a fight with the son of the former general Suharto. However, he saw Aryo’s apt and quick-thinking skills, which qualified him for the job when asked by the Defence Minister. The Defence Minister immediately denied such appointments, but soon later came up with a compromise that Aryo will certainly hate. One of the Kopassus envoys, is Didik Budiharto. Luckily, the man is currently in Biên Hòa Air Base. SBY saluted him back, and Aryo speaks to him.

“Colonel, I have all the US’ military data that you need.”

SBY grabs Aryo’s seemingly thick pile of paper to his desk. While he opened pages by pages, he seemed to find a new version of the transport carrier. The Americans called them Bradley M2, an amphibious variant. Some secondary version of it also involved flotation curtains, which would make Vietnamese rivers passable. Still, these vehicles would suffer great speed under Vietnam’s jungle, let alone Cambodia’s harsher ones. However, SBY wasn’t surprised by the vehicle itself, he was surprised with the amount Americans have sent.

“2173 vehicles? Do they want to send their entire army here?”

SBY startled by the sheer amount of troop carriers. Before, SBY fathomed of barely 950 of that similar variation supplied to Pakistan, and that even carried out of almost 117000 soldiers to fight for them. The highest amount they have sent is to aid the Germans while maintaining American troops in case of Soviet aggression, which even accounted for nearly 1225, nowhere near those numbers.

“I believe so, Sir. The Americans have signed a new conscription law, far harsher than they did before in Nicaragua.”

A conscription law? Has the US government conveyed a bit overkill on this matter? The Lieutenant Colonel only discovered more answers than questions about this matter. The Americans are technologically superior everywhere in the entire world in terms of military combat. The Soviets are reforming their military ineffectiveness which shrinks their power slightly. The Chinese are developing but at levels nowhere near the superpower.

However, SBY also knew that the last time they participated in jungle warfare, the United States ended up losing or causing more damage than before. Looking at the crumpled Angola and Mozambique, with Nicaragua still under communist rule, he could comprehend the US’ growl for securing a victory here. The Conservatives have returned the Representatives in 1984 for a slim margin after almost a tie in 1982, therefore giving Glenn a huge headache when they campaigned for securing Indochina once and for all. His own party, the Democrats, were absolutely disgusted when the President announced another tour to South Vietnam, helping them. Not to mention his Vice President, Robert McNamara, is very keen on this war.

Just like in Indonesia, the anti-war settlement began rising gradually after the discharge from Nicaragua. Most citizens discouraged by their losses and expressed mix results. Some demanded a stronger payback to crush Pol Pot, some others deemed it useless and only diverted money against the poor and the needy.

“Oh, and I add, Sir. The Americans have announced that they will participate to fight the Columbian Civil War supporting the government.”

SBY then realized the fact. Of course, he had forgotten about the rising conflict in South America. After all those juntas established during the 70s, people had become repulsive of them. Few protests have risen all across the continent. To make matters worse, all of them are anti-dictatorship socialist regime, and none showed great interests in relations with the United States. Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru all have a small resurgence communist wing on the move against the government. Brazil, however, has a lesser activity and thus not to be afraid of. Then, SBY also realized that the new conscription law was basically covering both wars so they could deploy armies there. Still, the Lieutenant Colonel perplexed by such a number. His next revelation, instead, is Glenn hasn’t been keen on following his own party ultimately.

He continued reading the new report that Aryo received from the Americans. The Defense Department has sent 105000 M16A2 for South Vietnam with 200000 for reserve, possible for the arriving first wave; 115000 M16A2a, a new variant with a night visual specifications, have arrived recently to the airbase; 250000 old M16A1 distributed evenly on the front lines to satisfy the Vietnamese Republican Army; finally, 324000 M14 rifles ready in five air bases across South Vietnam. For basic survival, the US army would prepare a 1.15:1 ratio of pistols for each soldier, shared unevenly between Beretta M9, SIG Sauer P226 and Colt 1911 (Colt having the most percentage). 3250 of M240; 5000 of M249 and 3000 of M60 of automatic guns. A decent amount of MP5, sniper rifles and shotguns for complementary uses. Almost 47000 M67 upgraded hand grenades; 97000 old M26 fragmentation grenades; and 15000 of the leftovers of M61 supplies from the Nicaraguan War production. [2]

SBY has fully determined that the Americans is not playing here, unlike what had happened in Angola or Mozambique. According to Aryo, which had gone to Pakistan for a similar observation, he had spoken that the US has a stronger will there on helping the Islamists. Therefore, he wasn’t surprised as SBY by the number of weapons they capable of producing. He skimmed the basic infantry weaponry and communication equipment. He caught glimpse of AT Tanks, Armored Vehicles and Artilleries that will be brought, yet he was appealed with 1400 Cobra Helicopters.

His surprise didn’t end when SBY looked over the ships in use. In 1960, the Seventh Fleet docked lazily in Yokosuka with helicopter carriers help to aid the Air Force. This time, meanwhile, has moved the whole Seventh Fleet to the South China Sea, floating miles off the Vietnamese shore, giving air coverage from USS George Washington.

“Aryo, what are the US strategies?”

“The Marines agreed with the South Vietnamese to recapture Ba Chúc as soon as possible, then started to invade Cambodia following the Mekong upstream. The American objective, so far, is to capture the capital immediately for establishing a pro-government as soon as possible. If possible, capitulate the Cambodians before Thailand even realizes it. With Pol Pot already leaving Phnom Penh for obvious purposes, he wished to cut off South Vietnam in Buon Ma Thuot, possible cutting the nation’s size for the North’s advantages. Maybe, they can consider giving Cambodia’s seized lands to them. There has not been a battle against both Vietnam, but the supplies and men given by the North has been pretty intense, considering the Củ Chi Tunnels are being reconstructed all over the place.”

SBY grinned on that remembrance of the Suprapto Trail [3]. No one believed in the maniac general that the plan could work. However, it did surrender the North immediately when government officials suffered the burn of Hanoi. However, the man who invented it has died of leukaemia, no one in SBY’s opinion has ever matched his eccentric genius. However, the return of the Trails and Tunnels does mean that soon the guerilla warfare would return.

The Lieutenant Colonel sighed deeply, if the Indonesians wanted to experience from combats, this war is certainly the most probably chance. Still, the president wished not for any intervention.



======================​
[1] Happened in OTL also
[2] All gun types, names, and specifications derived from OTL weapons, although with slight modifications like the M16A2a ones
[3] A nod to here

From the USA's perspective, we finally know that Glenn's running mate is McNamara. Well, we certainly know what happened to him OTL. However, with the 1960s Vietnam War ending much earlier than OTL. I guess this 1980s would be showing the cards. Also, both of them are radical Roosevelt New-Deal Coalitioners, with Glenn surprisingly on the more progressive side. Therefore, we can witness a growing divide in the Democratic Party clearer. It should be a few cracks in policy and the Democratic Party is certainly throwing knives at each other.

For additional reference, here are the temporary list of the Presidents of the United States after Eisenhower
John Fitzgerald Kennedy - Lyndon Baines Johnson (Democratic Party - Liberal Wing) January 20, 1961 - January 20, 1969
Richard Milhous Nixon - Spiro Agnew (Republican/Conservative Party - Conservative Wing) January 20, 1969 - January 20, 1973
Raymond Philip "Ray" Shafer* - Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller** (Democratic-Republican Coalition) January 20, 1973- April 15, 1974 (Resigns for alleged tax evasion)
Raymond Philip "Ray" Shafer* - Harry Robbins "Bob" Haldeman (Democratic-Republican Coalition) July 15, 1974 - January 31, 1975*

Harry Robbins "Bob" Haldeman**- vacant (Republican - Conservative Wing) January 31, 1975 - November 21, 1975,**
James Earl Carter - vacant (Democratic - New Deal Wing) November 21, 1975 - January 20, 1977 (Republicans absorbed to Democrats, with few rights goes to Conservative)
James Earl Carter-Frank Forrester Church III*** (Democratic- New Deal Wing) January 20, 1977 - July 15, 1981
James Earl Carter - vacant (Democratic - New Deal Wing) July 15, 1981 - October 15, 1981

James Earl Carter-John Herschel Glenn Jr. (Democratic Party - Liberal Wing) October 15, 1981 - January 20, 1985
John Herschel Glenn Jr. - Robert Strange McNamara (Democratic Party - Liberal Wing) January 20, 1985 - present

*assassinated
**resigned
*** died of health problems


The next chapter, hopefully, explains the chaos in Myanmar, although I want to write some updates around Madagascar.
 
Last edited:
Bring it On, Cambodia

25 April 1986

Tuy Hoa Air Base, Phú Yên Province, Republic of Vietnam

Lieutenant Colonel Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono recognises that there were three conflicting military factions. The media, television, radio or anyone outside of the command, truly acknowledged the divisions as politically instigated. They considered PRD to be totally Golkar, and so forth. However, the conditions inside the armed forces were definitely manifest that conditions aren’t as before-mentioned.

Nicknamed SBY, he enlisted into the Marines during the height of the conflict between Suharto and Nasution. At the start, both people sought power inside the government contradictorily. Nasution preferred the hard power, granting a portion to the Parliament to influence the outcome of the politics while strengthening the ABRI’s integration into the country. However, in 1973 he was very certain that his reputation would not drop so he never changed the presidential election system. He was opposed by Suharto, a less ambitious but more practical. The essence of Indonesia’s power lies within the relation between the government, army, and business enterprises. The government controls the policies; the army controls the people while the business controls the money. On a rational basis, General Suharto was a cunning person. The problem was he died before anything substantial happened.

All of Suharto’s replacements, or at least the Golkar Faction, had already influenced by the mighty corporations. Defence companies ruled by suit men in a smoky room, those companies posed many threats due to great resistance against nationalization. The army hadn’t become the army; it’s just serving the corporations. Pindad, a de facto state company, was exactly ruled by the Cendana Clan, with all those corporations worked align or under Mbah Tutut.

That left SBY, for the entirety of his military career, back the third faction of the armed forces. These men desired the old triumphs against hard-fought enemies, writing outstanding achievements under history. These men named themselves the ‘Purity Faction’, looked at externally as ‘Quality above all Movement’, determined that the army no longer fit for any political grounds, and must strive instead for a better, stronger, and more advanced military. When politics bickered and rambled, the army will fight for the nation and nation only. That dream had enticed much of post-war soldiers, like SBY.

Nasution’s dismissal of his ABRI dream caused more high staffs into complete dismay. Just like Golkar before, this seemed like a terrible loss of the faction’s charismatic leader. As a result, Nasution’s Faction which had reigned dominant against the Golkars must now face problems with generals from the Nasution faction fleeing to join Golkar. As a result, the armed forces had another reshuffle from top to bottom. That reason is why SBY arrived in Vietnam three days ago.

SBY married Sarwo Edhi’s daughter, Kristina Herawati[1], in 1976, which eased him up under the Golkar’s protection. He wasn’t entirely affiliated with his father-in-law, since the General rejected him from marrying her daughter once, but he grasped the opportunity while it still can. Under Sarwo’s permission, he met Defense Minister Try Sutrisno, which ordered SBY and few other commanders for a simple observational task in South Vietnam. His job is to observe, record, and report military happenstance throughout the brewing war as long as the minister urges. The envoy consists of three Kopassus men, four regular Army men, two Navy sailors and three Marines.

He noticed First Lieutenant Aryo Budiatmojo arrived in the tent and saluted him. He knew him back during the Angolan days, with the Lieutenant ever been a fight with the son of the former general Suharto. However, he saw Aryo’s apt and quick-thinking skills, which qualified him for the job when asked by the Defence Minister. The Defence Minister immediately denied such appointments, but soon later came up with a compromise that Aryo will certainly hate. One of the Kopassus envoys, is Didik Budiharto. Luckily, the man is currently in Biên Hòa Air Base. SBY saluted him back, and Aryo speaks to him.

“Colonel, I have all the US’ military data that you need.”

SBY grabs Aryo’s seemingly thick pile of paper to his desk. While he opened pages by pages, he seemed to find a new version of the transport carrier. The Americans called them Bradley M2, an amphibious variant. Some secondary version of it also involved flotation curtains, which would make Vietnamese rivers passable. Still, these vehicles would suffer great speed under Vietnam’s jungle, let alone Cambodia’s harsher ones. However, SBY wasn’t surprised by the vehicle itself, he was surprised with the amount Americans have sent.

“2173 vehicles? Do they want to send their entire army here?”

SBY startled by the sheer amount of troop carriers. Before, SBY fathomed of barely 950 of that similar variation supplied to Pakistan, and that even carried out of almost 117000 soldiers to fight for them. The highest amount they have sent is to aid the Germans while maintaining American troops in case of Soviet aggression, which even accounted for nearly 1225, nowhere near those numbers.

“I believe so, Sir. The Americans have signed a new conscription law, far harsher than they did before in Nicaragua.”

A conscription law? Has the US government conveyed a bit overkill on this matter? The Lieutenant Colonel only discovered more answers than questions about this matter. The Americans are technologically superior everywhere in the entire world in terms of military combat. The Soviets are reforming their military ineffectiveness which shrinks their power slightly. The Chinese are developing but at levels nowhere near the superpower.

However, SBY also knew that the last time they participated in jungle warfare, the United States ended up losing or causing more damage than before. Looking at the crumpled Angola and Mozambique, with Nicaragua still under communist rule, he could comprehend the US’ growl for securing a victory here. The Conservatives have returned the Representatives in 1984 for a slim margin after almost a tie in 1982, therefore giving Glenn a huge headache when they campaigned for securing Indochina once and for all. His own party, the Democrats, were absolutely disgusted when the President announced another tour to South Vietnam, helping them. Not to mention his Vice President, Robert McNamara, is very keen on this war.

Just like in Indonesia, the anti-war settlement began rising gradually after the discharge from Nicaragua. Most citizens discouraged by their losses and expressed mix results. Some demanded a stronger payback to crush Pol Pot, some others deemed it useless and only diverted money against the poor and the needy.

“Oh, and I add, Sir. The Americans have announced that they will participate to fight the Columbian Civil War supporting the government.”

SBY then realized the fact. Of course, he had forgotten about the rising conflict in South America. After all those juntas established during the 70s, people had become repulsive of them. Few protests have risen all across the continent. To make matters worse, all of them are anti-dictatorship socialist regime, and none showed great interests in relations with the United States. Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru all have a small resurgence communist wing on the move against the government. Brazil, however, has a lesser activity and thus not to be afraid of. Then, SBY also realized that the new conscription law was basically covering both wars so they could deploy armies there. Still, the Lieutenant Colonel perplexed by such a number. His next revelation, instead, is Glenn hasn’t been keen on following his own party ultimately.

He continued reading the new report that Aryo received from the Americans. The Defense Department has sent 105000 M16A2 for South Vietnam with 200000 for reserve, possible for the arriving first wave; 115000 M16A2a, a new variant with a night visual specifications, have arrived recently to the airbase; 250000 old M16A1 distributed evenly on the front lines to satisfy the Vietnamese Republican Army; finally, 324000 M14 rifles ready in five air bases across South Vietnam. For basic survival, the US army would prepare a 1.15:1 ratio of pistols for each soldier, shared unevenly between Beretta M9, SIG Sauer P226 and Colt 1911 (Colt having the most percentage). 3250 of M240; 5000 of M249 and 3000 of M60 of automatic guns. A decent amount of MP5, sniper rifles and shotguns for complementary uses. Almost 47000 M67 upgraded hand grenades; 97000 old M26 fragmentation grenades; and 15000 of the leftovers of M61 supplies from the Nicaraguan War production. [2]

SBY has fully determined that the Americans is not playing here, unlike what had happened in Angola or Mozambique. According to Aryo, which had gone to Pakistan for a similar observation, he had spoken that the US has a stronger will there on helping the Islamists. Therefore, he wasn’t surprised as SBY by the number of weapons they capable of producing. He skimmed the basic infantry weaponry and communication equipment. He caught glimpse of AT Tanks, Armored Vehicles and Artilleries that will be brought, yet he was appealed with 1400 Cobra Helicopters.

His surprise didn’t end when SBY looked over the ships in use. In 1960, the Seventh Fleet docked lazily in Yokosuka with helicopter carriers help to aid the Air Force. This time, meanwhile, has moved the whole Seventh Fleet to the South China Sea, floating miles off the Vietnamese shore, giving air coverage from USS George Washington.

“Aryo, what are the US strategies?”

“The Marines agreed with the South Vietnamese to recapture Ba Chúc as soon as possible, then started to invade Cambodia following the Mekong upstream. The American objective, so far, is to capture the capital immediately for establishing a pro-government as soon as possible. If possible, capitulate the Cambodians before Thailand even realizes it. With Pol Pot already leaving Phnom Penh for obvious purposes, he wished to cut off South Vietnam in Buon Ma Thuot, possible cutting the nation’s size for the North’s advantages. Maybe, they can consider giving Cambodia’s seized lands to them. There has not been a battle against both Vietnam, but the supplies and men given by the North has been pretty intense, considering the Củ Chi Tunnels are being reconstructed all over the place.”

SBY grinned on that remembrance of the Suprapto Trail [3]. No one believed in the maniac general that the plan could work. However, it did surrender the North immediately when government officials suffered the burn of Hanoi. However, the man who invented it has died of leukaemia, no one in SBY’s opinion has ever matched his eccentric genius. However, the return of the Trails and Tunnels does mean that soon the guerilla warfare would return.

The Lieutenant Colonel sighed deeply, if the Indonesians wanted to experience from combats, this war is certainly the most probably chance. Still, the president wished not for any intervention.



======================​
[1] Happened in OTL also
[2] All gun types, names, and specifications derived from OTL weapons, although with slight modifications like the M16A2a ones
[3] A nod to here

From the USA's perspective, we finally know that Glenn's running mate is McNamara. Well, we certainly know what happened to him OTL. However, with the 1960s Vietnam War ending much earlier than OTL. I guess this 1980s would be showing the cards. Also, both of them are radical Roosevelf New-Deal Coalitioners, with Glenn surprisingly on the more progressive side. Therefore, we can witness a growing divide in the Democratic Party clearer. It should be a few cracks in policy and the Democratic Party is certainly throwing knives at each other.

For additional reference, here are the temporary list of the Presidents of the United States after Eisenhower
John Fitzgerald Kennedy - Lyndon Baines Johnson (Democratic Party - Liberal Wing) January 20, 1961 - January 20, 1969
Richard Milhous Nixon - Spiro Agnew (Republican Party - Conservative Wing) January 20, 1969 - January 20, 1973
Raymond Philip "Ray" Shafer* - Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller**/Henry Alfred Kissinger (Republican Party - Rockefeller Wing) January 20, 1973- April 15, 1974 (Resigns for Party Unity) -January 31, 1975,*
Henry Alfred Kissinger**- vacant (Republican Party - Moderate Wing) January 31, 1975 - November 21, 1975,**
James Earl Carter - vacant/Frank Forrester Church III***/John Herschel Glenn Jr. (Democratic Party - Liberal Wing) November 21, 1975 - January 20, 1977 (VP inaugurated) - July 15, 1981 (pancreatic cancer) - January 20, 1985
John Herschel Glenn Jr. - Robert Strange McNamara (Democratic Party - Liberal Wing) January 20, 1985- present

*asssasinated
**resigned
*** died of health problems


The next chapter, hopefully, explains the chaos in Myanmar, although I want to write some updates around Madagascar.
I have several question regardinh these

1. With the colombian in civil war does this mean the venezuelan are also in danger? (With otl situation in the 80s layinh the groundworks for the rize of chavez and his friends)
2. How did shafer got assasinated again and who did it and the reason (also where)
3. Do north vietnam have anh say in the recent development in indochina
4. If i can guess the purple in laos is the monarchist right? (Also fun fact the laotian govt in exile is based in gresham,oregon i bet you could do something interestinh with this)
5. What is the indonesian tactics in jungle warfare does it have any development from fighting in africa or does it stay the same? (I mean surely after seeing the mess the american did)
6. Since the us state of panama is bordered by colombia does this made them ready to "intervene" in the conflict even further if let some undesireable moved towards panama
 
I have several question regardinh these

1. With the colombian in civil war does this mean the venezuelan are also in danger? (With otl situation in the 80s layinh the groundworks for the rize of chavez and his friends)
2. How did shafer got assasinated again and who did it and the reason (also where)
3. Do north vietnam have anh say in the recent development in indochina
4. If i can guess the purple in laos is the monarchist right? (Also fun fact the laotian govt in exile is based in gresham,oregon i bet you could do something interestinh with this)
5. What is the indonesian tactics in jungle warfare does it have any development from fighting in africa or does it stay the same? (I mean surely after seeing the mess the american did)
6. Since the us state of panama is bordered by colombia does this made them ready to "intervene" in the conflict even further if let some undesireable moved towards panama
1. Should be, since the stability of the Gran Colombia region is pretty fragile in ITTL and OTL.
2. Shafer was assassinated during the presidency by a lone gunner which is deeply upset with Shafer's policy. However, it can be a deep conspiracy, who knows? ;)
3. Of course, they are totally helping the Cambodians and Laos against Thailand. Not certain about their answers about South Vietnam though.
4. Yep, or basically the anti-communist
5. Definitely, SBY's small frustration is that the US is going overkill against a population of around 7 million.
6. Indeed, that probably is the cause of their 'liberation'


While the next chapter is being published. I too will revise some of my published chapters that maybe have given some inconsistencies or foul plot that damaged the story's coherence.

Edit 2:
After much observation on the previous posts. I realized that I mostly receive recommendations from readers. Also, I maybe didn't explain the strained relations with the US in the 1960s with France or Britain, or maybe the ship adrift on the US Virgin Islands, or Joko Suwardi now. With these points, I will address them in the near future to close the case. Or maybe summarize it on a 50-year review of Indonesia's independence somewhere after 1995 Update.

Because of that, I hope you guys can pin-point me some of my faults which I can improve in order to upgrade this TL into a better one.
 
Last edited:
1. Should be, since the stability of the Gran Colombia region is pretty fragile in ITTL and OTL.
2. Shafer was assassinated during the presidency by a lone gunner which is deeply upset with Shafer's policy. However, it can be a deep conspiracy, who knows? ;)
3. Of course, they are totally helping the Cambodians and Laos against Thailand. Not certain about their answers about South Vietnam though.
4. Yep, or basically the anti-communist
5. Definitely, SBY's small frustration is that the US is going overkill against a population of around 7 million.
6. Indeed, that probably is the cause of their 'liberation'


While the next chapter is being published. I too will revise some of my published chapters that maybe have given some inconsistencies or foul plot that damaged the story's coherence.

Edit 2:
After much observation on the previous posts. I realized that I mostly receive recommendations from readers. Also, I maybe didn't explain the strained relations with the US in the 1960s with France or Britain, or maybe the ship adrift on the US Virgin Islands, or Joko Suwardi now. With these points, I will address them in the near future to close the case. Or maybe summarize it on a 50-year review of Indonesia's independence somewhere after 1995 Update.

Because of that, I hope you guys can pin-point me some of my faults which I can improve in order to upgrade this TL into a better one.
I think adressing france stance in the indochina conflict will be helpfull as well france is left and the prospect of a us "intervention" is nearing
 
War no more! Part 4: Madagascar Ascended
Madagascar, that Lucky Island

1 May 1986
Toamasina, State Republic of Madagascar

In this small city that faces the gorgeous Indian Ocean, the Ministry of Industry Michael Hartono felt ineffable of the connections this island provided alike his home Java. The fine cuisine with exotic zest matched similar to the Indonesian heartland. For God allows, even he could understand the local speak swiftly. Truly, Madagascar was the lost Indonesian nation, and it was blessed that France has given it to us.

The media defined that the French were being kicked out of Indonesia. Admittedly, the case was not as such for people in the government. In recent years, Trihandoko comforted the French to move their cash to another title. Instead of installing French companies which may upset the Americans, Trihandoko motivated them to invest in government enterprises. That way, the French still can receive plenty of interests, power and influence while not bearing the hard end of nationalist advocates or American resentment. Pertamina, as opposed to reported majorly state-owned, was truthfully a French-investment. That way, the French can trade inside Indonesia while not caught the care of the media.

In the minds of Michael Hartono, this type of trick isn’t rare on the popular belief. It has been a pattern in Indonesian policies right after Sukarno. In the entire decade, Wilopo harnessed his pro-American policies within the war, therefore leaving neutrality. With increasing economic dependence on the US, Wilopo forced the belief that neutrality between two conflicting factions wasn’t optional, therefore a small leaning towards the West. The damaged has been done in Nasution’s era and he just continued the trend. Subandrio, on the other hand, determined to reverse. If Umar had won, we will be mere mandates of the United States, especially during an approaching war against China and the Soviet Union. He desired Indonesia to modify the plan, to remain free and sovereign, open and active on foreign affairs. Surely enough, the military had been too comfortable with American technologies, therefore the pest.

That goal was why Hartono was feeling the warming sunrise of this city. Christmas of last year, Subandrio called him for supervising the new governor of this particular state. The old Malagasy Faction crumpled after the death of the predecessor. Both LKY and Subandrio stressed the precious growth of this island to remain. Therefore, Hartono, whose brother owned the BCA*, invited to administer the region. Hartono had experience in managerial concerns for corporations, but leading a company is different to administer the production of a nation. Still, Hartono understood the government’s questionable selection, this island can be a money-maker.

His first sign of vibrant progress for this island was the creation of the Indofood factory in Manakara. After three months of prospects and financial analysis in 1981, Anthony Salim signed the first Indofood factory to open in Madagascar. The construct behind this was the rising consumption in the island and the surrounding African countries. Indonesia eased tensions with South Africa after reports of nuclear tests in the Bechuanaland regions. Right after a diplomatic emissary arrived in Madagascar a year ago, they opened relations by granting trade access, therefore reducing the US’s fear of the Cape Blockade. Moreover, Indonesian trade routes across the Cape is rising in traffic, as South American states gained interests in Indonesia’s economic bargain.

The island has Indonesia’s great interests, similar to Papua on the other side. The East Coast was filled with rice fields that can sustain the needs of Madagascar, Malaya and Sumatra all at once. As a result, LKY had poured plantation subsidies while gradually industrialise Java. Improvements of pesticides also protected soil’s fertility, sustaining levels evenly that lasted for decades. On the West Coast, oil tycoons and mineral companies were exploring the lands and seas. Blocks were drawn near the coast, fences are drawn near stone hotspots. Yet, with tensions rising against Mozambique, the territorial sea dispute was becoming increasingly unresolvable as the Soviet Union sustained funding Mozambique’s government to agitate South Africa and Indonesia.

He returned to the gaze of the man nearby him, Francisque Tsiatosika Ravony. The new governor for Madagascar was strong and vigorous, ambitious and ruling. His objective initially is to stabilize the nation after a significant demographical change for the last ten years. Similar to Hartanto, he loves waking early in time, staring at the dawn of the sun, hoping for a new future of the island.

“The sunrise is charming. By the way, Mr Hartanto, I believe the government assign you to negotiate about the security suggestion.”

Hartono hesitated and pondered. Back in Jakarta, President Subandrio was planning on a stand-off against the inciting military. Howbeit, Africa has thrown off the hospitality for the Indonesians. They demanded an exit out from Africa. The great Liberation Army of Mozambique assembled junta regions all across Africa: Katanga, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, newly established Zambia, and the Angola Freedom Movement. They pushed for a revival of Sukarno’s Asia-Africa Conference, this time the Second Non-Aligned Resurrection in Africa. These men determined for an independent, neutral bloc that needn’t side with the great powers. The problem was after the Indonesians fled from Africa, they grew to hate Indonesians. In addition to American appeasement towards South Africa, Indonesia adhered to a misunderstanding that Jakarta is going to support the apartheid Cape Town.

“Indulge me, Mr Ravony. Are the Madagascar people felt threatened with the demographic changes all across the island?”

The governor paused for a moment to harness a response. He sat uptightly, then convey his answer by a gentle gaze to Hartanto.

“We certainly do Mr Hartanto. But we have another factor to consider. Back when we’re the French satellites, there was never any progress besides benefiting Paris. Thorez's idea was generally supported by the French solely by the response of the people still feeling unprepared for independence. However, after a few ten years after Indonesian rule, the people have given positive remarks about Jakarta. Moreover, even with the demographic decrease of native Malagasy, we still feel that under Indonesia, your nation was the best bet for the island’s future.”

“You aren’t afraid that nearly 5% of the population is Jewish and another 5% of them are non-native Austronesians? Even as a representing of those migrants, the numbers do seem alarming for a barely 5-year difference. Not to mention that Ehud Olmert and Moshe Katsav are literally campaigning for Madagascar as their new home.”

“We don’t associate ourselves with differences based on skin colour or culture. We adhered to multiculturalism and diversity, as long as they intend to be tolerant. Besides, those Jewish are temporary, at least until Israel is reclaimed.”

That first statement hit Hartono deeply into his heart. Accidentally, he may be the reason why the Parliament in the capital has high bigotry against the people here; individuals which still look at people by the skin and traditions. After LKY’s slim vote of confidence, the Parliament has continuously attacked him in any way, including accusations of ‘Singaporean elitist’ and ‘Jewish conspirators’. Surely enough, racial slurs usage drastically increased, complaining to the LKY administration something that even not proven guilty. Damn complainers he sighed, Indonesians surely cannot relate to how to advance our economy has become.

“Mr Hartanto. Sorry to reiterate this. But I expect a defence offer from you.”

“Of course,” Hartono was unable to deflect this time, “Subandrio instructed me that we barter on industry and defence or within that base-line. He sought that Nusantara’s men will be withdrawn almost half to home. For combating the rising pirates, both in the North and West, Subandrio insisted on you finding more men, preferably the island’s residence, to substitute.”

“If that had been the offer, shouldn’t I have met Try Sutrisno rather than you?”

“As a matter of fact, Subandrio did send me because of one small term under that offer: It should be the labourers.” Hartono doesn’t want to reveal the truth that Try was almost being sacked after the small observation in Vietnam.

“Pardon me?”

Industry Minister continued explaining that establishing a regional military force may trigger some generals back in Jakarta. Trade-in this region has become too valuable to leave unguarded, pirates have ruining Indonesia’s trade either near Somalia or Madagascar Strait. However, the new oil rigs which are establishing slowly on the East Coast have developed their own guards and armed personnel to keep pirates from the rigs. Therefore, Industry Minister is here to suggest the Governor on expanding those private guards. For safety measures, Coast Guards will assist on several trips around the heated region. These guards would work under each company, currently Pertamina Oil Rigs, but that will be supervised by the Malagasies local government. Furthermore, they are the last defence of Indonesia’s military up here, worrisome but necessary.

Ravony understood it but realizes the new complication of this matter. One man can do so much, labourers must do labouring and guarding? That surely need another field of men to do. However, unemployment in Madagascar was at all-time low, not enough people can be found to fulfil Hartanto’s 25000 targets. Unless…

“Industry Minister, are you saying that we are the immigrants to protect our nation?”

“I believe that has been our options. Unfortunately, both I and Subandrio hasn’t discovered new options.” Hartono lied, all he can do was to tell Try and the problem solved. However, that surely will anger the President and the Premier after current events. He was not going to be sacked.”

The sun, now rising quite high in the sky, coloured the atmosphere the shining light blue. Ravony stood up and pressed himself to the balcony. He lowered his head, thinking deeply about the effects it could provoke. He returned to his seat and smoke one puff.

“The Jews will certainly make the north their new home. Nevertheless, I understand.”

Hartono continued with negotiations of the new infrastructure project to link the island better. Attributed to mining spores being established, Hartono signed thirteen new lands to be sent to various other companies, most of the Javanese and Malays conglomerate companies. After hours of negotiation, Ravony exited Hartanto’s temporary villa and greeted him with a safe trip back to Jakarta.

The minister looked once again to the seas of now midday Madagascar. He remembered Madagascar’s nearing the two thousand and a half on GDP per capita, surely not as decent as Indonesia’s average but extremely well for an African nation. He surely hoped for this nation’s growth because if not, heavens know what kind of bad will happen to this tumultuous year.
=========================​

*OTL large bank in Indonesia, definitely a larger evolution ITTL
ITTL Madagascar was greatly benefited by Subandrio's administration. From projected poorest to one of the fastest-growing ones (if counted as an independent nation). I can see Madagascar holding a great influence on Africa, certainly a good opportunity for Indonesia's future in those regions (although not now).

Trust me, the next chapter is definitely about the Myanmars although the centrepiece would not be about Myanmar entirely.
 
Madagascar, that Lucky Island

1 May 1986
Toamasina, State Republic of Madagascar

In this small city that faces the gorgeous Indian Ocean, the Ministry of Industry Michael Hartono felt ineffable of the connections this island provided alike his home Java. The fine cuisine with exotic zest matched similar to the Indonesian heartland. For God allows, even he could understand the local speak swiftly. Truly, Madagascar was the lost Indonesian nation, and it was blessed that France has given it to us.

The media defined that the French were being kicked out of Indonesia. Admittedly, the case was not as such for people in the government. In recent years, Trihandoko comforted the French to move their cash to another title. Instead of installing French companies which may upset the Americans, Trihandoko motivated them to invest in government enterprises. That way, the French still can receive plenty of interests, power and influence while not bearing the hard end of nationalist advocates or American resentment. Pertamina, as opposed to reported majorly state-owned, was truthfully a French-investment. That way, the French can trade inside Indonesia while not caught the care of the media.

In the minds of Michael Hartono, this type of trick isn’t rare on the popular belief. It has been a pattern in Indonesian policies right after Sukarno. In the entire decade, Wilopo harnessed his pro-American policies within the war, therefore leaving neutrality. With increasing economic dependence on the US, Wilopo forced the belief that neutrality between two conflicting factions wasn’t optional, therefore a small leaning towards the West. The damaged has been done in Nasution’s era and he just continued the trend. Subandrio, on the other hand, determined to reverse. If Umar had won, we will be mere mandates of the United States, especially during an approaching war against China and the Soviet Union. He desired Indonesia to modify the plan, to remain free and sovereign, open and active on foreign affairs. Surely enough, the military had been too comfortable with American technologies, therefore the pest.

That goal was why Hartono was feeling the warming sunrise of this city. Christmas of last year, Subandrio called him for supervising the new governor of this particular state. The old Malagasy Faction crumpled after the death of the predecessor. Both LKY and Subandrio stressed the precious growth of this island to remain. Therefore, Hartono, whose brother owned the BCA*, invited to administer the region. Hartono had experience in managerial concerns for corporations, but leading a company is different to administer the production of a nation. Still, Hartono understood the government’s questionable selection, this island can be a money-maker.

His first sign of vibrant progress for this island was the creation of the Indofood factory in Manakara. After three months of prospects and financial analysis in 1981, Anthony Salim signed the first Indofood factory to open in Madagascar. The construct behind this was the rising consumption in the island and the surrounding African countries. Indonesia eased tensions with South Africa after reports of nuclear tests in the Bechuanaland regions. Right after a diplomatic emissary arrived in Madagascar a year ago, they opened relations by granting trade access, therefore reducing the US’s fear of the Cape Blockade. Moreover, Indonesian trade routes across the Cape is rising in traffic, as South American states gained interests in Indonesia’s economic bargain.

The island has Indonesia’s great interests, similar to Papua on the other side. The East Coast was filled with rice fields that can sustain the needs of Madagascar, Malaya and Sumatra all at once. As a result, LKY had poured plantation subsidies while gradually industrialise Java. Improvements of pesticides also protected soil’s fertility, sustaining levels evenly that lasted for decades. On the West Coast, oil tycoons and mineral companies were exploring the lands and seas. Blocks were drawn near the coast, fences are drawn near stone hotspots. Yet, with tensions rising against Mozambique, the territorial sea dispute was becoming increasingly unresolvable as the Soviet Union sustained funding Mozambique’s government to agitate South Africa and Indonesia.

He returned to the gaze of the man nearby him, Francisque Tsiatosika Ravony. The new governor for Madagascar was strong and vigorous, ambitious and ruling. His objective initially is to stabilize the nation after a significant demographical change for the last ten years. Similar to Hartanto, he loves waking early in time, staring at the dawn of the sun, hoping for a new future of the island.

“The sunrise is charming. By the way, Mr Hartanto, I believe the government assign you to negotiate about the security suggestion.”

Hartono hesitated and pondered. Back in Jakarta, President Subandrio was planning on a stand-off against the inciting military. Howbeit, Africa has thrown off the hospitality for the Indonesians. They demanded an exit out from Africa. The great Liberation Army of Mozambique assembled junta regions all across Africa: Katanga, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, newly established Zambia, and the Angola Freedom Movement. They pushed for a revival of Sukarno’s Asia-Africa Conference, this time the Second Non-Aligned Resurrection in Africa. These men determined for an independent, neutral bloc that needn’t side with the great powers. The problem was after the Indonesians fled from Africa, they grew to hate Indonesians. In addition to American appeasement towards South Africa, Indonesia adhered to a misunderstanding that Jakarta is going to support the apartheid Cape Town.

“Indulge me, Mr Ravony. Are the Madagascar people felt threatened with the demographic changes all across the island?”

The governor paused for a moment to harness a response. He sat uptightly, then convey his answer by a gentle gaze to Hartanto.

“We certainly do Mr Hartanto. But we have another factor to consider. Back when we’re the French satellites, there was never any progress besides benefiting Paris. Thorez's idea was generally supported by the French solely by the response of the people still feeling unprepared for independence. However, after a few ten years after Indonesian rule, the people have given positive remarks about Jakarta. Moreover, even with the demographic decrease of native Malagasy, we still feel that under Indonesia, your nation was the best bet for the island’s future.”

“You aren’t afraid that nearly 5% of the population is Jewish and another 5% of them are non-native Austronesians? Even as a representing of those migrants, the numbers do seem alarming for a barely 5-year difference. Not to mention that Ehud Olmert and Moshe Katsav are literally campaigning for Madagascar as their new home.”

“We don’t associate ourselves with differences based on skin colour or culture. We adhered to multiculturalism and diversity, as long as they intend to be tolerant. Besides, those Jewish are temporary, at least until Israel is reclaimed.”

That first statement hit Hartono deeply into his heart. Accidentally, he may be the reason why the Parliament in the capital has high bigotry against the people here; individuals which still look at people by the skin and traditions. After LKY’s slim vote of confidence, the Parliament has continuously attacked him in any way, including accusations of ‘Singaporean elitist’ and ‘Jewish conspirators’. Surely enough, racial slurs usage drastically increased, complaining to the LKY administration something that even not proven guilty. Damn complainers he sighed, Indonesians surely cannot relate to how to advance our economy has become.

“Mr Hartanto. Sorry to reiterate this. But I expect a defence offer from you.”

“Of course,” Hartono was unable to deflect this time, “Subandrio instructed me that we barter on industry and defence or within that base-line. He sought that Nusantara’s men will be withdrawn almost half to home. For combating the rising pirates, both in the North and West, Subandrio insisted on you finding more men, preferably the island’s residence, to substitute.”

“If that had been the offer, shouldn’t I have met Try Sutrisno rather than you?”

“As a matter of fact, Subandrio did send me because of one small term under that offer: It should be the labourers.” Hartono doesn’t want to reveal the truth that Try was almost being sacked after the small observation in Vietnam.

“Pardon me?”

Industry Minister continued explaining that establishing a regional military force may trigger some generals back in Jakarta. Trade-in this region has become too valuable to leave unguarded, pirates have ruining Indonesia’s trade either near Somalia or Madagascar Strait. However, the new oil rigs which are establishing slowly on the East Coast have developed their own guards and armed personnel to keep pirates from the rigs. Therefore, Industry Minister is here to suggest the Governor on expanding those private guards. For safety measures, Coast Guards will assist on several trips around the heated region. These guards would work under each company, currently Pertamina Oil Rigs, but that will be supervised by the Malagasies local government. Furthermore, they are the last defence of Indonesia’s military up here, worrisome but necessary.

Ravony understood it but realizes the new complication of this matter. One man can do so much, labourers must do labouring and guarding? That surely need another field of men to do. However, unemployment in Madagascar was at all-time low, not enough people can be found to fulfil Hartanto’s 25000 targets. Unless…

“Industry Minister, are you saying that we are the immigrants to protect our nation?”

“I believe that has been our options. Unfortunately, both I and Subandrio hasn’t discovered new options.” Hartono lied, all he can do was to tell Try and the problem solved. However, that surely will anger the President and the Premier after current events. He was not going to be sacked.”

The sun, now rising quite high in the sky, coloured the atmosphere the shining light blue. Ravony stood up and pressed himself to the balcony. He lowered his head, thinking deeply about the effects it could provoke. He returned to his seat and smoke one puff.

“The Jews will certainly make the north their new home. Nevertheless, I understand.”

Hartono continued with negotiations of the new infrastructure project to link the island better. Attributed to mining spores being established, Hartono signed thirteen new lands to be sent to various other companies, most of the Javanese and Malays conglomerate companies. After hours of negotiation, Ravony exited Hartanto’s temporary villa and greeted him with a safe trip back to Jakarta.

The minister looked once again to the seas of now midday Madagascar. He remembered Madagascar’s nearing the two thousand and a half on GDP per capita, surely not as decent as Indonesia’s average but extremely well for an African nation. He surely hoped for this nation’s growth because if not, heavens know what kind of bad will happen to this tumultuous year.
=========================​

*OTL large bank in Indonesia, definitely a larger evolution ITTL
ITTL Madagascar was greatly benefited by Subandrio's administration. From projected poorest to one of the fastest-growing ones (if counted as an independent nation). I can see Madagascar holding a great influence on Africa, certainly a good opportunity for Indonesia's future in those regions (although not now).

Trust me, the next chapter is definitely about the Myanmars although the centrepiece would not be about Myanmar entirely.
I wonder what is botswana stance in all of this since they are the only african country without a coup attempt and also the people (both blacks and white) have a pretty healthy relation
 
I wonder what is botswana stance in all of this since they are the only african country without a coup attempt and also the people (both blacks and white) have a pretty healthy relation
Botswana, if i may, was literally and almost completely surrounded by South Africa. So any wrong move can wipe them (both arbitrarily and demographically) off the map. I think the leaders there won't be stupid enough for the fight agains apartheid thing, because the first thing that will occur is their fall.
 
Botswana, if i may, was literally and almost completely surrounded by South Africa. So any wrong move can wipe them (both arbitrarily and demographically) off the map. I think the leaders there won't be stupid enough for the fight agains apartheid thing, because the first thing that will occur is their fall.
Yeah true they are pretty surrounded though being said that botswana could be a model for a non racist southern africa country
 
War no more! Part 5: the Rohingyas
A Hypothesis

3 May 1986
Jakarta, Indonesia


PPP Representative from Jakarta Adam Malik was appointed recently as Vice Chairman of the DPR after the former Vice Kharis Suhud* was accused of corruption scandal regarding Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone in Penang Federal District. The general was apparently convoluted with few Mitsubishi spokespeople that involved cash between the process. A sum of 2 million rupiahs was reported for Mitsubishi to defeat Hewlett Packard during the tender proceedings. Typical, Malik thought. Indonesia after LKY’s economic policy, some youths called Leeconomics, had become the major investment scheme besides unified Korea, Taiwan, and Thatcherite Hong Kong. Even though Indonesia was the most regulated among the others, Indonesia had small free-zones, the Federal Districts, that acted independently under a separate administration. That was why those Federal Districts had no power in DPR or DPD, they worked directly under the Presidency and the Cabinet, whoever feels in charge. Those places had become so contested that fair play became obsolete under a money game.

No wonder for that judgment the Golkars had accused the government, again, of corruption. The general was clearly a Golkar Faction of the PRD membership, yet they sidetracked their own sentence, wished to drag along Lim Cheong Eu, the District Secretary, into same charges. Yesterday, the week ended with another shout. PPI insulted PPP as corrupt, while eerily blunt insult the PRD. Malik slurped a coffee for a moment, the taste at least relieved Malik a little.

“Mr President, as the newly established Islamic Republic of Rakhine, was established, we should anticipate measures for the agitation Acehnese would receive,” Premier Lee Kuan Yew impulsed, “We know that minimal military presence is what the government solicited. But the rising crisis up in Myanmar could eventually come to us.”

Adam Malik sat next to DPR Chairman Musa Hitam in the newly furnished Indonesia’s Situation Room. Approximately twenty-three chairs were forming a rectangular shape, all of them occupied with the highest officials. 1962 marked the Burmese Republic into a Myanmar National Government. That junta excluded Rohingya, a native Islamic community on the Rakhine State, from the list of Myanmar ethnics. Stateless and suppressed by the military, much of Rakhine’s populace attempted to migrate to Bangladesh, only failed due to government attitudes. Bangladesh wanted to wedge between India and Indonesia.

As the people were more attracted to the former, Bangladesh’s ties to Indonesia was the rice export. The nationalist politicians have strived everything to maintain the only relation with Indonesia before Bangladesh became an Indian satellite. That way, the Rohingyas must not disturb the agriculture surplus Bangladesh has had since 1984. In 1985, they began sending back Rohingyas into their nation-state, causing an outcry for most Islamic people seeing that as an imminent betrayal.

Eventually, the Rohingya grasped the state of the world they lived in, wedged between powers that expelled them. Long story short, radicalism rose as the Muslims acknowledged Bangladesh as hopeless. The Islamic Republic was formed under a similar government to Pakistan. Malik couldn’t understand why a small minority can exert rebellion that far. Possibly, in his thoughts, underground Acehnese would be one culprit.

“Premier Lee. I will not send any armed forces, especially the army, to greatly increased their power and influence. South Vietnam’s demands had been a great wind for them, telling us as ‘cowards’ although they were the ones who screwed up in Africa,” the President responded piquantly. “Commander, what’s the coast guard’s strength in the Andaman Sea?”

Commander Hendro Darmawan replied, “Close to non-existent Sir. The agreement from the government had to make Aceh coastlines ventured by the national Coast Guard. We relied on Acehnese fishermen, which we already know had been unreliable on certain questions.

Adam Malik, along with others, nodded with an exchange. Subandrio himself conciliated with Acehnese on their hatred towards the previous administration’s suppression. As the only place that can resist government economic plan, Aceh had the Memorandum of Understanding of 1980, which allowed them to autonomously govern while still adhered to central wishes; education, fiscal and economic initiatives. The latter slipped, due to a discovery that Acehnese planted opium on the Batak-Aceh border. Moreover, Nasution had drawn the border inwards, giving Aceh a deep resentment towards Bataks.

Formerly a member of the United Nations Assembly, Adam Malik totally hypothesized Acehnese insurgencies partaking a ploy on the Rohingyas. The Malaysian Separatist may take part, but Mahathir had dampened the separatist movement into a political faction, determining to take down LKY and conquered the government. Anwar Ibrahim, the man on the third row right from the president’s seat, had been meeting with the Malays, hoping for an opportunity.

Still, Defense Minister Try Sutrisno rebutted this time, speaking carefully after a threat of sacking from the President, “Mr President. Our government reports of a direct MAK endorsement will be noticed as absurd. A MAK assistance would mean a foreign agreement had to convey around the Indian Sub-Continent. Besides, MAK couldn’t care less about Asia. The Middle East is their main focus, as long as the UASR still stands, the MAK would aggressively operate there. This Rakhine State had been GAM’s wager. If they succeeded, it added one more reason why Aceh should split from Indonesia.”

Musa Hitam replied, “Mr Try, the days of Indonesian adventurism is over. We are not in the 60s and 70s anymore, we still have 15 million more living in extreme poverty, 4 million unemployed with a massive migration crisis that is starting to occur. Just last month, already 4000 Vietnamese boated to Indonesia. If we continued to focus elsewhere, like defence spending, it would be a year or two until Indonesia dissolved into a mess…”

“… which is why increasing our defence capabilities is inevitable. We need to protect our lands. Our economic growth has enough momentum to divert it to military spending for a while. With also our Federal Districts giving us the money surplus, we need to tackle this now.” Try interjected.

In Malik’s view, Try was right this time. The President’s speech in March had been too excessive as a response, it injured relations on the SEATO and the Spratly League. The Americans had been very thoughtful, but not for the Philippines and South Vietnam. Worse, the weakening of relations could mean a Chinese intrusion into the South China Sea.

“Indonesia never was, is, and will be, the nation of the military expedition and over-effort jingoism. We followed the basic principles of Pancasila, and the second verse is to mediate peace, not reinforce. As long as our nation can negotiate terms, you can wave bye-bye for any military involvement,” Subandrio shut any further commentaries.

------------------------------------------​

Tropicana, State Republic of Papua

Carter’s 1977 Immigration Act allowed immigrants of all descendants to legally dwell in the United States. However, a small percentage of American people are allowed and funded to emigrate into parts of America’s strategic interests. Mostly, the immigrants moved to Panama, Puerto Rico and Cuba while those islands exchanged some to Florida, Texas and the Sun Belt States. Therefore, rebellious regionalism would be severely discouraged. A small portion of it came to fill up towns across the Pacific. From Samoa, Marshall Islands, to inevitably Papua. As Glenn’s presidency had no apparent independent grants to any territorial ownership across the Pacific, the Immigration Act continued. As a result, the woman met many of her former friends here, in Tropicana.

“Darling, don’t forget to buy the gas,” a man reminded the woman that was reading Kompas.

Ann Dunham stopped her reading in the national Indonesian newspaper. She appreciated the current President’s solid stance against interventionism, despite he initiated it back in the early terms. “Alright,” she replied.

The authorities haven’t established a gas pipeline that runs towards Tropicana, despite the growing population. The people here have been either mixed marriages or mixed-descendants, few faces are entirely European, Javanese or Papuan. The town almost called the most ethnically diverse town in Papua was the places where White migration has been moving here. There are three places that people like Ann preferred: Tembagapura, Sukarnopura and Tropicana. All of these are small but booming towns, already competing with the native Kotabaru, Merauke and Port Moresby. With few Jews implored to move here, these three cities have become a beacon for multiculturalism, little intolerance accidents occurred inside.

Ann Dunham** moved here after her second husband, Peter Leemans***, moved here for the geological study of the Papuan Highlands. His husband was a Dutch-Indonesian descent born in former Batavia, a Peranakan for most people called him. Formerly a professor of the University of Indonesia, he joined the geological team to Papuan Highlands, trying to link the Pacific’s Ring of Fire to the Papuan fault lines.

The livelihood here, surprisingly, is very cheap for an American-modeled town. The prices here are slightly higher than the ones she encountered in Malang, her former place. Back in Hawaii, a dollar can buy a can of tuna. Here, she can buy three. She loved living here, a peaceful suburban neighbourhood with amazing landscape, unlike Walini which had been too populated.

She currently lived only with Peter Leemans. All of her children were away, either in Jakarta, Singapore or Hawaii. Her oldest daughter, Kristina Hirsch, was a result of her first marriage with former college classmate Michael Hirsch****. Kristina is 25 now, living with Ann’s mother in Hawaii. After divorced in 1972, she moved to Jakarta when she met Peter Leemans. At first, Peter Leemans persuaded her to move to Walini. She lived there for five years and birthed two sons and one daughter: Michael, Benjamin and Annabelle. In 1981, Ann moved to Malang for Leemans’ first geological tour. As her husband went on an expedition to isolated regions, Ann was worried about her children's education. As a result, Michael and Annabelle then were sent to Singapore with Leemans’s brother while Benjamin stayed in Walini with Ann’s sister. Leemans then was offered the geological tour to Papua in 1983 and thus have moved here ever since.

After arrival, she worked as an English teacher for Papuan students near Kotabaru. It was a 30-minute boat trip, as land roads were dangerous. She never complained about her job, the students treated her nicely. She got a decent salary that can pay the housing expense, therefore Leemans can send additional money to the kids.

Ann took the only bus route in Tropicana to the city centre. The centre was Tropicana’s highest places, comprising of a few office building, a mall and a cinema. She went to the mall first, going to the nearest retail seller to buy gas cylinders. During her trip back home, she witnessed another aboriginal attack on the city. The army immediately fired upon them with tear gas. Although Papuans were supportive of whites, some of them still felt reluctant. They opposed and fought people like Ann coming here. Fortunately, a small military platoon from the Indonesian Army was stationed here, prepare to fight in case any attack arrives.

Just a few steps away from the house, Allison Melcher*****, approached her. She was also Ann’s friend in Hawaii, moved here because of the Immigration Act. The money the Americans gave for them was quite large, thus appealing.

“Ann, would you want to watch the Tele?” Allison knew Ann didn’t have any television, she preferred newspaper instead. “Why?” “The Space Challenger in Cape Canaveral exploded. They said it was mismanagement.” Ann didn’t take a second question and quickly walked to Allison’s house.


=====================​
*OTL leader of DPR 198-1992. ITTL he is a PRD politician.
**Famously known as President Obama's mother. ITTL she never met Obama Sr. therefore no President Obama.
***ITTL character, no OTL equivalence.
****Also ITTL character, but certainly will be seen again.
*****Another ITTL character, was Ann's friend in college. She was a biologist.

The next chapter would be entirely apolitical, determining to see the nation's infrastructure, culture and economic situation all across Indonesia. And then, it would always be around Subandrio.
 
Well well an islamic republic wedged between communism and nationalism/dictatorship goverment oh this will be good (i have a feeling extremism will flourish there)
 
War no more! Part 6: Culture
The roar of the Equator: The Rich Culture of Indonesia

Indonesia had been the paragon of diversity in ethnics, races and even cultures. The archipelago has separated communities into distinct cultures, yet they are united under the one grand republic of Indonesia. The ancient kingdoms of Srivijaya, Majapahit and Demak have established unique cultures that became classics. The contemporary culture of the state, meanwhile, has just started growing.

Literature
The Generation of '45 marked the first age of realism rather than the previous romantic on novels and various books. It embraced struggles and fights for liberation unquestionably. Writers such as Chairil Anwar, Bakri Siregar and Idrus all played a part in creating valiant books that valued the heroes and encouraged young folks to fight against tyranny and oppression.

1616077439237.png

Chairil Anwar Aku ini Bintang Jalang, portraying the barbarity of English during the War.

The next generation, the '65 generations identified the following degree of the '45, this time with increased civic self-esteem fighting against the largest empire known to history. The trait that differed this younger generation of literature than the old ones, was the moral stories was not individual achieving freedom of oppression, but the joys of liberating other brothers that remained so. Indonesia Membebaskan from Pramudya Ananta Tur, Ia sudah berpulang from WS Rendra and Garuda merentangkan Sayapnya from Toha Mochtar all portrayed part of Indonesia’s "David against the Goliath" romanticism. The culture impacts of these writers are chauvinistic, looking at the young 50s until the early 70s generation which was highly supportive of the military and the national identity.

As political drift cued the start of Subandrio’s presidency, the 65 generations were retiring for the newer Liberal Generation. Those militaristic people had become older, and the younger generation that replaced them were satisfied with Indonesia’s personality and rather concentrate more on the livelihood of oneself. Moreover, they became adamant about pursuing the prosperity of the nation rather than the old aggressive nature. With the seeming failures of Angola and Mozambique, writers have expressed increasing hostile viewpoints towards war and the military.

In addition to the anti-war mobilisation of litterateurs in the United States, Indonesia has been deeply swayed by books that detailed the terrors of the Nicaraguan War and the ventures in Pakistan. So, the newer generation of writers veered most of the last generation's focus of the war to the daily activities of the people, contemplating the divide between the rich and the poor. As a result, there has been an increase in writers showing socialist values across the nation. Titis Besino, Leon Agusta and Gunawan Hadi* wrote their crafts in literary magazines, attracting mostly urban scholars that can purchase.


With all eyes focusing away from war and struggle against oppression. The message has changed into covering the diversity of Indonesia since few ethnical clashes have started to erupt all across Indonesia. This time, native Indonesian were helped by a few Malayan and Singaporean authors. A Samad Said has published Malayu Indah which visualized the countryside of the Malay Peninsula admired by Javanese and Sundanese alike. Syed Hussein Alatas, a Malayan writer and also a famous politician, published books about multi-racialism as a new challenge of the new nation’s fight against old orthodox less tolerant views.

1616077561143.png

Syed Hussein Alatas, the carried man


Television & Radio

Movie culture, comparing the books, grew likewise. In the early 60s, public radios regularly covered battles, either against the British or against separatists. The government sometimes broadcasted dramas about certain battles during the Indonesian Independence War or the Australian Aggression, notably the victory in Sidoardjo. With the help of television, these plays have become romanticized films, heavily propagated for national aspirations. TVNI, the national television network, has been established in 1968 solely for uniting far-fetched urban citizens of Indonesia, like Malaya and Singapore, which already had decent technology about that kind of networks. For decades, the TVNI offered national news all around Indonesia, as well as a small international briefing for Indonesian citizens to witness. Other than that, television before the early 80s was solely around TVNI. However, after 1981, with the first private Indonesian TV channel aired, a variety of shows began to entertain Indonesia. IndoTV, the first to be born, was mostly aimed to entertain watchers as TVNI only offered news with few advertisements. With definitely less news report, IndoTV offered talk shows, movie series and also bought movie licenses. Siapa Dia? was an adaptation of the United States' What's my Line. It featured many politicians, celebrities and other famous people that became the bane of IndoTV. Along with extensive marketing all across Indonesia, IndoTV gained attraction as the ‘fun’ Indonesian channel.

1616077707377.png

Siapa Dia in 1985 with Presenter
Aom Kusman
IndoTV marked the new decade of Indonesian Television Shows, with TVNI also started featuring light talk shows with few comedies. Moreover, other private networks had been established regionally. NNN, Nanyang News Network, was open in Singapore by a local conglomerate for covering regional coverage around the Malacca Strait. An American migrant Anthony Feinsilber* has formed the WPBN, West Pacific Broadcasting News, which obviously cover Papua, Melanesia and few areas of Maluku. The LKY cabinet, fortunately, has been tolerant of these local growths, sometimes encourage them as their news network does help unify the nation a bit.

In 1986, there have been 5 certified TV network, 3 of them managed to reach nationally. With TVNI, IndoTV and NTV (Nusantara Televisi). NTV aired since 1984, focused mainly on songs, mirroring the American MTV which already aired before 1979. These networks offered entertainment and information for a few tens of million people, especially in the urban areas of Indonesia.

Moving to the countryside, most people relied on the radio for information. Therefore, the radio still has expanded. The RRI (Radio Republik Indonesia), like the TVNI, maintained the informative side of the radio broadcasts during which other frequencies focused more on entertainment. The 99.9 FM, the Koes Radio, was established by the Koes Brothers to transmit the new generation of songs all across the suburbs of Jakarta, Semarang and Surabaya. Some other radios, like local Sunda Suara Pasundan 88.8 FM, spoke Indonesian with a small Sundanese during mini-interviews, giving a slight introduction to Sundanese languages. There are other varieties in Melayu, Javanese and Chinese languages. For political parties, the PNI-R has the 101 Nusantara FM, organised by Barisan Nusantara. Their messages are mostly propaganda campaigning for another return of Nasution-esque government, so far has not been successful. On the other side, the 95.1 Merah FM was a well-renowned radio from the Barisan Pemuda. They have radio listeners especially in the countryside, mobilizing them to demand more agricultural compensation for the last few years. PUI also have the Jemaah 98.1 FM, broadcasting mostly in Pasundan and Majapahit State.

Music

The rise of non-state televisions has also paved the way for the new generation of songwriters. Before the 80s, most songs have been sold with vinyl records, magnetic discs or newly made tape recorders. However, vinyl was volatile and fragile. The tape recorders were quite expensive. Therefore, the song was mostly improvised publicly while records were kept for preservation. Occasionally, RRI would air the Beatles and other rock songs from abroad, because they owned the sophisticated technology suitable for the radio stations to broadcast.

Yet, as the 80s progresses, television networks and radios offered a new place for artists to publish their works. Music that was played publicly; within streets, cafes or restaurants; are beginning to explode nationwide. Firstly, rock bands from America and Germany filled the streets, with people starting to adopt pre-punk lifestyles. Yet, that foreign genre has been dominating Indonesia since the 1970s, it has become outdated. As a result, the genre waned over time. Eventually, two genres dominated the nation by 1986, they rivalled each other and possibly create a decent division among the populace.

The first one, early I-Pop, was the adaptation of the previous generation of foreign songs. With now young musicians have been creative under foreign culture, they have been creating interpretations of their own. Rock, Jazz, and Soul all merged into a new hybrid creation of Indonesian pop. With the folk culture of the young generation’s virtues from the old, they too started to shape the music with scenery lyrics. Rajawali Subur from Bin Abdul Syukur* become famous in its initial release in 1984, it spread even to parts of the Philippines and Vietnam. Another adaptation of these songs was romance and class struggle, which was apparent on Kisah Cinta, Ampunan, and Tukang Kredit all made by Benyamin Sueb. I-Pop mainly used modern instruments, guitar and drum. A few bands, notably Radikal* from Surabaya, used other unusual instruments like triangles, cymbals and gongs.

1616077879571.png

Benyamin Sueb during recording, 1986

I-Pop’s drastic popularity was mostly because of IndoTV’s continuous broadcast of these songs. Also, the Koes FM aired those songs on the radio, increasing coverage all across Indonesia. As the network became popular, I-Pop has also grown in urban sprawls all along with Indonesia. Cities like Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Jakarta, Semarang and Surabaya have youths all singing these songs. Politically, I-Pop has become the song for Front Pemuda, along with infamous songs of the West like YMCA and Raining Men, a slight reference to the most radical liberal attitudes of sexuality freedom.

The well-accepted icon for I-Pop is the rise of Iwan Fals in 1983. He was a young singer who published his first breakthrough Sarjana Muda in 1981. By 1983, he already published 20 songs, with fifteen of the portraying the basic problems between employee-employer. In 1985, he was tied with a conflict with the army after publishing Sungguh Biadab, an anti-war song about the Army’s involvement in Africa. His newest solo, Demokrasi Hidup, was the first-ever explicitly political satire song he ever published.

1616078082023.png

Iwan Fals, 1984

In other regions of Java, Sumatra and Borneo, a rival for I-Pop emerged. This homemade genre was named dangdut. Dangdut, unlike the progressive Western I-Pop, is mostly folklore and traditionalist. Originate first on Java, Dangdut is fused with Hindustani and Arabic music, giving melodious instrumentation rather than rhythmic I-Pop. They also used traditional instruments, like table and gendang, which are mostly used before in Tanjidor and other older concerts. Unlike I-Pop’s meteoric ascension, Dangdut had been gradual and fine. Yet, as the genre existed since the 1950s, Dangdut has gained enough traction in the 1980s. Moreover, with the help of Dangdut King Rhoma Irama, it has become prominent because of the King’s exotic dance crew. From Said Effendi’s Seroja until the latest Rhoma Irama’s Haram, Dangdut has become an alternative for I-Pop.

Conveniently, Dangdut has become a political identity that is also a rival of PPP. Front Pemuda Islam, as well as Barisan Pemuda, has become attached to this genre and campaigned alongside dancers. Controversially, this dangdut was allegedly more ‘erotic’ than the I-Pop, despite I-Pop’s messages was more vulgar.

Art
The growing of art has been the most mundane growth relative to other forms of culture. Mostly they fully imitated the trend of the international world, although late by a few decades. For example, Affandi’s impressionist paintings have continued to inspire 1980 painters to recreate some, although with a slightly different context. Basuki Abdullah realism paintings also contribute to the rise of war paintings that depicted horrors and costs of an active battle.

Traditional arts, such as batik and kerajinan was still the nation’s cultural identity throughout the decade. Batik clothes have become cheaper than before with the rise of machines. Kerajinan was also being massively produced in certain parts of tourism regions like Bali.

=================================================
Most of the characters are based on OTL along with some works, although a large quantity of them are ITTL different. Because of the sheer number of reference, I will start inserting links referring to the author. The websites are in English (Indonesian if I can't find the decent English reference. ITTL characters symbolizes an asterisk. References on names or OTL resemblance can also be found on links.) The 45 Generations are mostly derived from OTL Angkatan 45 while the 65 Generations are inspired by OTL Angkatan 66

I promised for both culture and infrastructure, but the sheer writing of culture made me split the infrastructure to the next post. As compensation, next up would also be looking at the technology advancement of Indonesia.
 
Last edited:
The roar of the Equator: The Rich Culture of Indonesia

Indonesia had been the paragon of diversity in ethnics, races and even cultures. The archipelago has separated communities into distinct cultures, yet they are united under the one grand republic of Indonesia. The ancient kingdoms of Srivijaya, Majapahit and Demak have established unique cultures that became classics. The contemporary culture of the state, meanwhile, has just started growing.

Literature
The Generation of '45 marked the first age of realism rather than the previous romantic on novels and various books. It embraced struggles and fights for liberation unquestionably. Writers such as Chairil Anwar, Bakri Siregar and Idrus all played a part in creating valiant books that valued the heroes and encouraged young folks to fight against tyranny and oppression.

View attachment 634151
Chairil Anwar Aku ini Bintang Jalang, portraying the barbarity of English during the War.

The next generation, the '65 generations identified the following degree of the '45, this time with increased civic self-esteem fighting against the largest empire known to history. The trait that differed this younger generation of literature than the old ones, was the moral stories was not individual achieving freedom of oppression, but the joys of liberating other brothers that remained so. Indonesia Membebaskan from Pramudya Ananta Tur, Ia sudah berpulang from WS Rendra and Garuda merentangkan Sayapnya from Toha Mochtar all portrayed part of Indonesia’s "David against the Goliath" romanticism. The culture impacts of these writers are chauvinistic, looking at the young 50s until the early 70s generation which was highly supportive of the military and the national identity.

As political drift cued the start of Subandrio’s presidency, the 65 generations were retiring for the newer Liberal Generation. Those militaristic people had become older, and the younger generation that replaced them were satisfied with Indonesia’s personality and rather concentrate more on the livelihood of oneself. Moreover, they became adamant about pursuing the prosperity of the nation rather than the old aggressive nature. With the seeming failures of Angola and Mozambique, writers have expressed increasing hostile viewpoints towards war and the military.

In addition to the anti-war mobilisation of litterateurs in the United States, Indonesia has been deeply swayed by books that detailed the terrors of the Nicaraguan War and the ventures in Pakistan. So, the newer generation of writers veered most of the last generation's focus of the war to the daily activities of the people, contemplating the divide between the rich and the poor. As a result, there has been an increase in writers showing socialist values across the nation. Titis Besino, Leon Agusta and Gunawan Hadi* wrote their crafts in literary magazines, attracting mostly urban scholars that can purchase.


With all eyes focusing away from war and struggle against oppression. The message has changed into covering the diversity of Indonesia since few ethnical clashes have started to erupt all across Indonesia. This time, native Indonesian were helped by a few Malayan and Singaporean authors. A Samad Said has published Malayu Indah which visualized the countryside of the Malay Peninsula admired by Javanese and Sundanese alike. Syed Hussein Alatas, a Malayan writer and also a famous politician, published books about multi-racialism as a new challenge of the new nation’s fight against old orthodox less tolerant views.

View attachment 634153
Syed Hussein Alatas, the carried man


Television & Radio

Movie culture, comparing the books, grew likewise. In the early 60s, public radios regularly covered battles, either against the British or against separatists. The government sometimes broadcasted dramas about certain battles during the Indonesian Independence War or the Australian Aggression, notably the victory in Sidoardjo. With the help of television, these plays have become romanticized films, heavily propagated for national aspirations. TVNI, the national television network, has been established in 1968 solely for uniting far-fetched urban citizens of Indonesia, like Malaya and Singapore, which already had decent technology about that kind of networks. For decades, the TVNI offered national news all around Indonesia, as well as a small international briefing for Indonesian citizens to witness. Other than that, television before the early 80s was solely around TVNI. However, after 1981, with the first private Indonesian TV channel aired, a variety of shows began to entertain Indonesia. IndoTV, the first to be born, was mostly aimed to entertain watchers as TVNI only offered news with few advertisements. With definitely less news report, IndoTV offered talk shows, movie series and also bought movie licenses. Siapa Dia? was an adaptation of the United States' What's my Line. It featured many politicians, celebrities and other famous people that became the bane of IndoTV. Along with extensive marketing all across Indonesia, IndoTV gained attraction as the ‘fun’ Indonesian channel.

View attachment 634154
Siapa Dia in 1985 with Presenter
Aom Kusman
IndoTV marked the new decade of Indonesian Television Shows, with TVNI also started featuring light talk shows with few comedies. Moreover, other private networks had been established regionally. NNN, Nanyang News Network, was open in Singapore by a local conglomerate for covering regional coverage around the Malacca Strait. An American migrant Anthony Feinsilber* has formed the WPBN, West Pacific Broadcasting News, which obviously cover Papua, Melanesia and few areas of Maluku. The LKY cabinet, fortunately, has been tolerant of these local growths, sometimes encourage them as their news network does help unify the nation a bit.

In 1986, there have been 5 certified TV network, 3 of them managed to reach nationally. With TVNI, IndoTV and NTV (Nusantara Televisi). MTV aired since 1984, focused mainly on songs, mirroring the American MTV which already aired before 1979. These networks offered entertainment and information for a few tens of million people, especially in the urban areas of Indonesia.

Moving to the countryside, most people relied on the radio for information. Therefore, the radio still has expanded. The RRI (Radio Republik Indonesia), like the TVNI, maintained the informative side of the radio broadcasts during which other frequencies focused more on entertainment. The 99.9 FM, the Koes Radio, was established by the Koes Brothers to transmit the new generation of songs all across the suburbs of Jakarta, Semarang and Surabaya. Some other radios, like local Sunda Suara Pasundan 88.8 FM, spoke Indonesian with a small Sundanese during mini-interviews, giving a slight introduction to Sundanese languages. There are other varieties in Melayu, Javanese and Chinese languages. For political parties, the PNI-R has the 101 Nusantara FM, organised by Barisan Nusantara. Their messages are mostly propaganda campaigning for another return of Nasution-esque government, so far has not been successful. On the other side, the 95.1 Merah FM was a well-renowned radio from the Barisan Pemuda. They have radio listeners especially in the countryside, mobilizing them to demand more agricultural compensation for the last few years. PUI also have the Jemaah 98.1 FM, broadcasting mostly in Pasundan and Majapahit State.

Music

The rise of non-state televisions has also paved the way for the new generation of songwriters. Before the 80s, most songs have been sold with vinyl records, magnetic discs or newly made tape recorders. However, vinyl was volatile and fragile. The tape recorders were quite expensive. Therefore, the song was mostly improvised publicly while records were kept for preservation. Occasionally, RRI would air the Beatles and other rock songs from abroad, because they owned the sophisticated technology suitable for the radio stations to broadcast.

Yet, as the 80s progresses, television networks and radios offered a new place for artists to publish their works. Music that was played publicly; within streets, cafes or restaurants; are beginning to explode nationwide. Firstly, rock bands from America and Germany filled the streets, with people starting to adopt pre-punk lifestyles. Yet, that foreign genre has been dominating Indonesia since the 1970s, it has become outdated. As a result, the genre waned over time. Eventually, two genres dominated the nation by 1986, they rivalled each other and possibly create a decent division among the populace.

The first one, early I-Pop, was the adaptation of the previous generation of foreign songs. With now young musicians have been creative under foreign culture, they have been creating interpretations of their own. Rock, Jazz, and Soul all merged into a new hybrid creation of Indonesian pop. With the folk culture of the young generation’s virtues from the old, they too started to shape the music with scenery lyrics. Rajawali Subur from Bin Abdul Syukur* become famous in its initial release in 1984, it spread even to parts of the Philippines and Vietnam. Another adaptation of these songs was romance and class struggle, which was apparent on Kisah Cinta, Ampunan, and Tukang Kredit all made by Benyamin Sueb. I-Pop mainly used modern instruments, guitar and drum. A few bands, notably Radikal* from Surabaya, used other unusual instruments like triangles, cymbals and gongs.

View attachment 634155
Benyamin Sueb during recording, 1986

I-Pop’s drastic popularity was mostly because of IndoTV’s continuous broadcast of these songs. Also, the Koes FM aired those songs on the radio, increasing coverage all across Indonesia. As the network became popular, I-Pop has also grown in urban sprawls all along with Indonesia. Cities like Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Jakarta, Semarang and Surabaya have youths all singing these songs. Politically, I-Pop has become the song for Front Pemuda, along with infamous songs of the West like YMCA and Raining Men, a slight reference to the most radical liberal attitudes of sexuality freedom.

The well-accepted icon for I-Pop is the rise of Iwan Fals in 1983. He was a young singer who published his first breakthrough Sarjana Muda in 1981. By 1983, he already published 20 songs, with fifteen of the portraying the basic problems between employee-employer. In 1985, he was tied with a conflict with the army after publishing Sungguh Biadab, an anti-war song about the Army’s involvement in Africa. His newest solo, Demokrasi Hidup, was the first-ever explicitly political satire song he ever published.

View attachment 634156
Iwan Fals, 1984

In other regions of Java, Sumatra and Borneo, a rival for I-Pop emerged. This homemade genre was named dangdut. Dangdut, unlike the progressive Western I-Pop, is mostly folklore and traditionalist. Originate first on Java, Dangdut is fused with Hindustani and Arabic music, giving melodious instrumentation rather than rhythmic I-Pop. They also used traditional instruments, like table and gendang, which are mostly used before in Tanjidor and other older concerts. Unlike I-Pop’s meteoric ascension, Dangdut had been gradual and fine. Yet, as the genre existed since the 1950s, Dangdut has gained enough traction in the 1980s. Moreover, with the help of Dangdut King Rhoma Irama, it has become prominent because of the King’s exotic dance crew. From Said Effendi’s Seroja until the latest Rhoma Irama’s Haram, Dangdut has become an alternative for I-Pop.

Conveniently, Dangdut has become a political identity that is also a rival of PPP. Front Pemuda Islam, as well as Barisan Pemuda, has become attached to this genre and campaigned alongside dancers. Controversially, this dangdut was allegedly more ‘erotic’ than the I-Pop, despite I-Pop’s messages was more vulgar.

Art
The growing of art has been the most mundane growth relative to other forms of culture. Mostly they fully imitated the trend of the international world, although late by a few decades. For example, Affandi’s impressionist paintings have continued to inspire 1980 painters to recreate some, although with a slightly different context. Basuki Abdullah realism paintings also contribute to the rise of war paintings that depicted horrors and costs of an active battle.

Traditional arts, such as batik and kerajinan was still the nation’s cultural identity throughout the decade. Batik clothes have become cheaper than before with the rise of machines. Kerajinan was also being massively produced in certain parts of tourism regions like Bali.

=================================================
Most of the characters are based on OTL along with some works, although a large quantity of them are ITTL different. Because of the sheer number of reference, I will start inserting links referring to the author. The websites are in English (Indonesian if I can't find the decent English reference. ITTL characters symbolizes an asterisk. References on names or OTL resemblance can also be found on links.) The 45 Generations are mostly derived from OTL Angkatan 45 while the 65 Generations are inspired by OTL Angkatan 66

I promised for both culture and infrastructure, but the sheer writing of culture made me split the infrastructure to the next post. As compensation, next up would also be looking at the technology advancement of Indonesia.
Only 5 stations? I thought there would be more since indonesia ittl is quite free and diverse but i guess most of the population doesnt own tv and still have only radios
 
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