What do you think about this thread?

  • Awesome!!

    Votes: 41 61.2%
  • Okay...

    Votes: 20 29.9%
  • Meh...

    Votes: 4 6.0%
  • It's Bad

    Votes: 2 3.0%

  • Total voters
    67
Lebanon is not conquered by the uasr very interesting a definate hotbed in the future i presume.

Anyway i have several question:
1.since you mention africa im always wondering do the crazy leader of africa still exist (idi amin of uganda,mobutu of zaire,jean bedel bokasa of the car,samuel doe of liberia etc)
2.speaking of liberia what happened to that country
3.due to the uasr location who is in technical terms controll the mediteranian? since we have italy,spain,france,yugoslavia,uasr,turkey etc
4.what is the reason that german ship are nit allowed to rest
5.due to uasr not allowing american and british ship to rest are those two country (us and britain) atleast acknowledge that the uasr is a problem?
1. Definitely, but not as same as OTL. In OTL, it was a fight between USSR and US. Now, France is also involved, which makes Africa a whole lot messier.
2. Discuss later at incoming African chapter.
3. France's sphere controls the Mediterania almost unmatchable.
4. Already answered by fellow friend.
5. During the 60s, Egpyt was decimated by British powers who wanted to resume colonialism in liberated Egypt. They finally Their hatred towards US is much later when they tried to expel Israelis (which dated back when Anglo-Israeli army swept Egypt). Basically is deep hatred.

Why didnt nasser just outright conquer kuwait? And does this make kuwait and to certain extent bahrain and the uae a us ally?

Speakinh of the middle east what happened to yemen and oman did yemen still undergo a split?
Nasser is controlling UASR with exponential expansion, more annexation means the death of UASR from international sanction. Remember that there are US and the Soviet Union, UASR is a big thorn for both of their expansion. Besides, Nasser needs to strengthen its nation from crumbling within. Kuwait is a US ally.

Yemen is unified with a communist nation, it will be discuss later in the Africa update. Oman also.
 
Ah okay interesting i know a bit off topic but do the big commercial brand of indonesia still exist? (For example indomie,konimex,dua kelinci,silver queen etc) do they undergo a name change or still retaining their original name and do some of these product enter american and foreign market?
 
The Roaring 80s Part 2: The Sixth Amendment
The Sixth Amendment: Explained

President-elect Subandrio is effectively holding the government, both legislatively and executively. With the help of Premier Lee Kuan Yew, the PPP-PKI Coalition is holding strong and firm, possible uncontested for the next few years. His first presidential policies for his 100-day work is a matter of fact, amending a few things in the constitution.

The Sixth Amendment, although established and ratified in Nasution’s Presidency, contributed much to assist the current Presidency. A President now has equal powers as a Premier, which is proposed to increase harmony. The Constitution redefines the term Premiership in the Indonesian government. As opposed to being elected by the Parliament, the Premiership is elected by the ruling coalition of the Presidential party or coalition. Therefore, the opposition has no say in the election and must vote the candidate from the ruling coalition, or abstain in voting. In a year, meanwhile, the opposition party can propose a vote of no confidence, if however, the ruling government is declared ineffective or incompetent of the ruling. This could be caused either dispute of decision between Premier and the President, a scandal enveloping the Cabinet, or high crimes and misdemeanour. The vote of no confidence is implemented if the vote surpasses two-thirds of the majority. The vote of no confidence meant that the Premier must resign and the President must order a reshuffle of the cabinet (the President can reshuffle the cabinet on his behalf, but by the vote, it is compulsory).

If, however, the President is the one that has high crimes against the nation, MPR could oust him in a form of impeachment of two-thirds plus one majority. If the President is impeached, the Premier ascended replacing the President until the next election. The Amendment also reforms the order of succession for the President, which became as follows:

  • Premier of the Federal Republic of Indonesia
  • Leader of the People’s Consultative Assembly of Indonesia (MPR)
  • Leader of the People’s Representative Council of Indonesia (DPR)
  • Leader of the People’s Regional Council of Indonesia (DPD)
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of Domestic Affairs
  • Ministry of Defense
If the order of succession that follows are not eligible for Presidency, then the other members of cabinet ministers can form an ad interim government. If the entire cabinet is illegitimate of forming the succession, the government would be temporarily controlled by MPR until a snap election is held.

The amendment also accommodates changes regarding the ministerial positions. For now, there are ministerial positions in the cabinet, which are:

Absolute Ministerial Portfolios, which already written in the Amendment, which was part of the enation of Pancasila in everyday Indonesian affairs.

  • Kementrian Luar Negeri (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
  • Kementrian Dalam Negeri (Ministry of Domestic Affairs)
  • Kementrian Pertahanan (Ministry of Defense)
  • Kementrian Keuangan (Ministry of Finance)
  • Kementrian Agama (Ministry of Religious Affairs)
  • Kementrian Hukum (Ministry of Justice)
  • Kementrian Kesejahteraan Sosial (Ministry of Social Welfare)
Complementary Ministerial Portfolios, which was part of the Subandrio’s Administration 1978-1983

  • Kementrian Perekonomian (Ministry of Economy)
  • Kementrian Tenaga Kerja (Ministry of Workforce)
  • Kementrian Perhubungan (Ministry of Transportation)
  • Kementrian Perdagangan (Ministry of Commerce)
  • Kementrian Kesehatan (Ministry of Health)
  • Kementrian Energi (Ministry of Energy)
  • Kementrian Pertanian (Ministry of Agriculture)
  • Kementrian Perindustrian (Ministry of Industry)
  • Kementrian Pendidikan (Ministry of Education)
  • Kementrian Teknologi dan Informatika (Ministry of Technology and Information)
  • Kementrian Pariwisata (Ministry of Tourism)
Other Ministerial Portfolios which owns or leads a specific national organization that satisfies national demands.

  • Kementrian Badan Usaha Bumi Negara (BUMN) (Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises)
  • Kementrian Badan Intelligen Negara (BIN) (Ministry of National Intelligence)
There are also new organizations established after the recent but small Nasution scandal of corruption. Forming Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan or Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia, the organization is established for monitoring the fiscal fluctuations in the government, sounding the alarms for suspicious funds or gifts. In the meantime, BUMN became a national organization for vital government resources to prevent monopolies from corporations. Although will not control the entirety of the commodity production, raw or processed, BUMN will monitor the private companies from growing too large. As for reducing government corruption in those particular enterprises, BUMN will be watched at all times by BPK.

Other pressing issues that were changed was the time zones Indonesia is enacting. Rather than the former changes in ministerial positions, Premier powers and other whatnots, this change was highly debated nationally. The Malayan politicians, PPP’s Malaccan Faction, proposed that Indonesia should be divided into four time zones; the Madagascar Time, three hours ahead of UTC; the Indian Ocean Territories Time, six hours ahead of UTC; Western Indonesian time, eight hours ahead of UTC; and Eastern Indonesian time, nine hours ahead of UTC. However, most local politicians, like PNI-R politicians and most Javanese, in favour more on dividing Indonesia into two more time zones; creating Melanesia Time Zone, ten hours ahead of UTC; and replacing Western Indonesian time as seven hours ahead of UTC and Central Indonesian time as eight hours ahead of UTC.

The debate was mostly regarding the economical aspect and money. Less diverse time zones meant saving more money for most politicians, but that also shifts working schedules for most of the labour force nationally. Javanese would mostly be in trouble in accustomed with time one hour ahead than usual. In the end, MPR agreed on the former option, which was ratified as follows:

  • Waktu Wilayah Madagascar (Madagascar Time) (UTC+3)
    • Consists of Madagascar and the Scattered Islands
  • Waktu Wilayah Samudra Hindia (Indian Ocean Teritories Time) (UTC+6)
    • Consists of Chagos Archipelago
  • Waktu Wilayah Indonesia Barat (Western Indonesia Time) (UTC+8)
    • Consists of Sumatra, Malaya, Java and Borneo
  • Waktu Wilayah Indonesia Timur (Eastern Indonesia Time) (UTC+9)
    • Consists of Bali, Lesser Sundas (also Timor), Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua and Melanesia
==========================​
A small update for the Sixth Amendment, so we could continue for the policies LKY made for domestic matters.
This is the last chapter from pre-1980. We would discuss more Indonesia's roaring 80s.
 
Ah okay interesting i know a bit off topic but do the big commercial brand of indonesia still exist? (For example indomie,konimex,dua kelinci,silver queen etc) do they undergo a name change or still retaining their original name and do some of these product enter american and foreign market?
I guess they would retain their names, as Indonesia is becoming more prominent than ever.

As Indonesia economic model seem succesfull, is there any country that try to emulate it?
Some do, but mostly follows the Chinese economic model. Internationally, China has given us a surprise that a communist-authoritative nation could manoeuvre the government so good that China becomes the largest agrarian nation after 15 years of communist rule. Most paradigm parallels communism with rough political turbulence that harms the economy. China is an exception.
 
The Sixth Amendment: Explained

President-elect Subandrio is effectively holding the government, both legislatively and executively. With the help of Premier Lee Kuan Yew, the PPP-PKI Coalition is holding strong and firm, possible uncontested for the next few years. His first presidential policies for his 100-day work is a matter of fact, amending a few things in the constitution.

The Sixth Amendment, although established and ratified in Nasution’s Presidency, contributed much to assist the current Presidency. A President now has equal powers as a Premier, which is proposed to increase harmony. The Constitution redefines the term Premiership in the Indonesian government. As opposed to being elected by the Parliament, the Premiership is elected by the ruling coalition of the Presidential party or coalition. Therefore, the opposition has no say in the election and must vote the candidate from the ruling coalition, or abstain in voting. In a year, meanwhile, the opposition party can propose a vote of no confidence, if however, the ruling government is declared ineffective or incompetent of the ruling. This could be caused either dispute of decision between Premier and the President, a scandal enveloping the Cabinet, or high crimes and misdemeanour. The vote of no confidence is implemented if the vote surpasses two-thirds of the majority. The vote of no confidence meant that the Premier must resign and the President must order a reshuffle of the cabinet (the President can reshuffle the cabinet on his behalf, but by the vote, it is compulsory).

If, however, the President is the one that has high crimes against the nation, MPR could oust him in a form of impeachment of two-thirds plus one majority. If the President is impeached, the Premier ascended replacing the President until the next election. The Amendment also reforms the order of succession for the President, which became as follows:

  • Premier of the Federal Republic of Indonesia
  • Leader of the People’s Consultative Assembly of Indonesia (MPR)
  • Leader of the People’s Representative Council of Indonesia (DPR)
  • Leader of the People’s Regional Council of Indonesia (DPD)
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of Domestic Affairs
  • Ministry of Defense
If the order of succession that follows are not eligible for Presidency, then the other members of cabinet ministers can form an ad interim government. If the entire cabinet is illegitimate of forming the succession, the government would be temporarily controlled by MPR until a snap election is held.

The amendment also accommodates changes regarding the ministerial positions. For now, there are ministerial positions in the cabinet, which are:

Absolute Ministerial Portfolios, which already written in the Amendment, which was part of the enation of Pancasila in everyday Indonesian affairs.

  • Kementrian Luar Negeri (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
  • Kementrian Dalam Negeri (Ministry of Domestic Affairs)
  • Kementrian Pertahanan (Ministry of Defense)
  • Kementrian Keuangan (Ministry of Finance)
  • Kementrian Agama (Ministry of Religious Affairs)
  • Kementrian Hukum (Ministry of Justice)
  • Kementrian Kesejahteraan Sosial (Ministry of Social Welfare)
Complementary Ministerial Portfolios, which was part of the Subandrio’s Administration 1978-1983

  • Kementrian Perekonomian (Ministry of Economy)
  • Kementrian Tenaga Kerja (Ministry of Workforce)
  • Kementrian Perhubungan (Ministry of Transportation)
  • Kementrian Perdagangan (Ministry of Commerce)
  • Kementrian Kesehatan (Ministry of Health)
  • Kementrian Energi (Ministry of Energy)
  • Kementrian Pertanian (Ministry of Agriculture)
  • Kementrian Perindustrian (Ministry of Industry)
  • Kementrian Pendidikan (Ministry of Education)
  • Kementrian Teknologi dan Informatika (Ministry of Technology and Information)
  • Kementrian Pariwisata (Ministry of Tourism)
Other Ministerial Portfolios which owns or leads a specific national organization that satisfies national demands.

  • Kementrian Badan Usaha Bumi Negara (BUMN) (Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises)
  • Kementrian Badan Intelligen Negara (BIN) (Ministry of National Intelligence)
There are also new organizations established after the recent but small Nasution scandal of corruption. Forming Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan or Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia, the organization is established for monitoring the fiscal fluctuations in the government, sounding the alarms for suspicious funds or gifts. In the meantime, BUMN became a national organization for vital government resources to prevent monopolies from corporations. Although will not control the entirety of the commodity production, raw or processed, BUMN will monitor the private companies from growing too large. As for reducing government corruption in those particular enterprises, BUMN will be watched at all times by BPK.

Other pressing issues that were changed was the time zones Indonesia is enacting. Rather than the former changes in ministerial positions, Premier powers and other whatnots, this change was highly debated nationally. The Malayan politicians, PPP’s Malaccan Faction, proposed that Indonesia should be divided into four time zones; the Madagascar Time, three hours ahead of UTC; the Indian Ocean Territories Time, six hours ahead of UTC; Western Indonesian time, eight hours ahead of UTC; and Eastern Indonesian time, nine hours ahead of UTC. However, most local politicians, like PNI-R politicians and most Javanese, in favour more on dividing Indonesia into two more time zones; creating Melanesia Time Zone, ten hours ahead of UTC; and replacing Western Indonesian time as seven hours ahead of UTC and Central Indonesian time as eight hours ahead of UTC.

The debate was mostly regarding the economical aspect and money. Less diverse time zones meant saving more money for most politicians, but that also shifts working schedules for most of the labour force nationally. Javanese would mostly be in trouble in accustomed with time one hour ahead than usual. In the end, MPR agreed on the former option, which was ratified as follows:

  • Waktu Wilayah Madagascar(Madagascar Time) (UTC+3)
    • Consists of Madagascar and the Scattered Islands
  • Waktu Wilayah Samudra Hindia(Indian Ocean Teritories Time) (UTC+6)
    • Consists of Chagos Archipelago
  • Waktu Wilayah Indonesia Barat(Western Indonesia Time) (UTC+8)
    • Consists of Sumatra, Malaya, Java and Borneo
  • Waktu Wilayah Indonesia Timur(Eastern Indonesia Time) (UTC+9)
    • Consists of Bali, Lesser Sundas (also Timor), Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua and Melanesia
==========================​
A small update for the Sixth Amendment, so we could continue for the policies LKY made for domestic matters.
This is the last chapter from pre-1980. We would discuss more Indonesia's roaring 80s.
Indonesia roaring 80s if i can make a guess a period where economic and social devolepment are at an all time high. (Correct?)

On a sidenote when you say indonesia was becoming more prominent as ever do some of the famous group from indonesia ever went aborad for example the warkop dki group (dono,kasino and indro) do their film become more succesfull and internationaly recognized ittl than otl?
 
Indonesia roaring 80s if i can make a guess a period where economic and social devolepment are at an all time high. (Correct?)

On a sidenote when you say indonesia was becoming more prominent as ever do some of the famous group from indonesia ever went aborad for example the warkop dki group (dono,kasino and indro) do their film become more succesfull and internationaly recognized ittl than otl?
Yes, Indonesia's 80s would become a golden era of economic surplus.

I think Indonesian films would be better recognized in this era, but nearing the end of it. And probably characters from famous Indonesian TV shows would sometimes aired internationally.
 
I always wanted to ask this question do the freemason still exist in indonesia and do they still have a grand lodge in indonesia? (perhaps even in each islands?) And about the tv and movies can you mention several indonesian movie that also famous outside of indonesia ittl? (Warkop film maybe?)
 
The Roaring 80s Part 3: LKY's Moves New
Indonesia Roaring 80s: LKY's Initial Moves For A Steady and Promising Economic Growth

Nasution left the Presidency in a mixed spot for Subandrio and Lee Kuan Yew to govern, there are some benefits and problems created by the predecessor. However, the Triumvirate of PPP were prepared for any issues that would affect their government. The reason was straightforward, Subandrio and Trihandoko had experienced 5 years of Nasution rule, they knew how to counter several problems that he has caused.

The first one is the high levels of corruption, especially on a regional basis. While Nasution’s central government was clean, their redistribution of wealth towards regions was highly infiltrated by party officials that bite off the money in the progress. As a result, what was a 53-million megaproject in parts of Java, ended up with 5-million qualities. The sources to blame for this is the old colonial “Devide et Impera” system that still lingers on the populace. In colonial times, the Netherlands solidified control in Indonesia by bribing each one of them to fight each other, therefore weakening any revolutionaries as a result. Although Indonesia is a sovereign and independent nation, the habit remains. During this time, that horrible system resulted in a massive rotten cultural system, which promotes corruption in major places.

One major case that evolved in this predicament is the Tamansari Park Scandal. Nasution preferred building a memorial park for the Australian Aggression War in the form of a huge park between Harmoni and Kota. However, already a few years in progress, the government would see a huge amount of spending in ridiculous objects like lamppost or side-walks. Subandrio could not resolve this issue because it was Nasution’s order. Not only in prestigious projects like such, even more, vital build-ups, like Trans Papua Infrastructure Program, suffered cost dilatation. Although the rising of the economy can resolve much of the serious spots, these projects suffered the national budget.

Now, Subandrio gave LKY the pass for resolving the issue. LKY then issued a national change of culture and system. Instead of favouring in money and relation, every workforce must deal with extensive enrollment tests, each according to its occupation. The higher the job is, the more difficult the application does. Therefore, LKY is reforming the nation in a meritocratic system, supporting talents and hard work. For killing off the corruption, LKY established a different organization called the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB) to investigate corruption in the government and other civil services. This CPIB would cooperate with BPK on auditing state organizations, preventing them from potential corrupt practices.

lky_.jpg

LKY during Indonesia's negotiation with General Electrics, 1979

Then, LKY needs to improve economics into a larger magnitude than before. Therefore, he issued his Five-Year-Economic Plan that focuses mainly on building manufactories. In the latter half of the 70s, the agriculture sector is satisfactory for the raw exports they had produced. Everything from rice to vanilla, Indonesia has a large surplus of those stocks that some of them were exported as raw materials to other nations. However, LKY doesn’t prefer raw exports, he wanted to upgrade them as manufactured goods, therefore increase the value in folds. In LKY eras, rather than Nasution’s swasembada successes, LKY is full of industrial expansion here and there, notably in Malaya, Java, Sumatra, Papua and Madagascar. Other islands, like Kalimantan and Sulawesi, were also affected but in a fairly smaller scale.

Foreign investments are diverted from mines and raw extractions to those in factories and processed plants. Larger MNC electronics, such as Hewlett-Packard and Yokogawa Electronics, were invited to invest in parts of Indonesia’s growing electronics factories. Astra, Indonesia’s growing conglomerate company, has entered this form of business with Astra Electronics, possibly launching Indonesia-made TVs and other electronic hardware. Although most of the DPR saw this as a giant leap of industrialization, LKY was determined that Indonesia could afford such change.

lky_2.jpg

Hewlett Packard HQ in Singapore

In this term, LKY also wanted to optimize several established state-owned companies that have existed before his reign. Instead of buying guns from the United States, Indonesia would try to create its own from Pindad. In 1981, Pindad announce Pindad P3, a modified pistol from P1 and P2, both from Browning’s design. However, Pindad’s is famous for its homemade, Indonesian designed and manufactured assault rifle and machine guns. However, other more advance technologies, such as armoured vehicles, must be bought inevitably from the United States, or at least its allies.

lky_3.jpg

Pindad Blitar Manufactories, 1983

Telkom Indonesia is the sole, state-owned, communications company in Indonesia which is responsible for all of the telephone lines across the nation. That is, until 1975. Singaporean conglomerates formed Satelindo, a first Indonesian communications company that used Palapa Satellites as direct transmission rather than Telkom landline. Although is still small for now, Satelindo may be a decent competitor for Indonesia especially after satellite communications had been regular enough. In the chemical context, Dutch Unilever still held the largest company in personal care products. So far, the large cost of building a chemical factory, with also noting the environmental damage, dissuade entrepreneurs in fruiting one. However, in 1980, LKY managed to persuade Surabayans top elites in establishing Nusakim, a contender for Unilever. This prevented Unilever for monopolies in various personal commodities.

lky_4.png

Satelindo Logo, 1996

Also, LKY adopted a medium-sized enterprises priority, similar to Germany’s Mittelsand. So, rather than the large corporations Nasution and Suharto both endorsed, LKY and Subandrio opted for a slower approach. With that, it could balance the economy and reduce social disparity. But, most of the people aren’t educated enough to establish a company, and barely have the intention. Consequently, LKY established Koperasi, a state organization established for giving everyone free lesson on making a company along with the benefits of it. Koperasi also accommodates temporary loans for all those who lack the money.

One of the most successful medium-sized enterprises is the formation of Kemang Chicken. Initiated by Bambang Sadino, Kemang Chicken is a livestock company located in Kemang Village, just southeast of Kebayoran Baru. This new place became a home for expatriates and Caucasian-descendants, or in Indonesia, they were called as blue. Kemang Chicken evolved from a small livestock business, into a decent supermarket company mostly in Kebayoran City and Jakarta. It was a surprise that even this small enterprise could compete with Carrefour, the French multinational supermarket company.

lky_5.jpg

Kemang Chicken (Kemchicks) supermarket in 2005

The next is the housing problem caused by cities. LKY issued a force-decrease cost in housing expenditures, and bust all brokers who benefited from selling highly-priced Rumah Susun. In the next few years, LKY would crack down middlemen who have tricked the society. Public houses prices gradually decrease, and even some places were already free. Low prices in most of Indonesia also caused Rupiah to strengthen. In 1984, 1 USD is equal to 1,7 Rupiah.

===================================
Most of these companies are in OTL but mostly modified according to the TL we have. Next up we deal with LKY's multiculturalism plan, and possible Subandrio's foreign policies.
 
I always wanted to ask this question do the freemason still exist in indonesia and do they still have a grand lodge in indonesia? (perhaps even in each islands?) And about the tv and movies can you mention several indonesian movie that also famous outside of indonesia ittl? (Warkop film maybe?)
I guess so since mostly they are pretty unregulated. OTL Sukarno ordered all political groups that are not Pancasila-ist to be disbanded. Maybe ITTL freemason lives on, but not yet into prominence.
 
On the topic of freemason what lodge do they have in indonesia? Is it a unified one lodge or each island having a different lodge?
 
The Roaring 80s Part 4: Multiculturalism and PKI New
Multiculturalism: LKY’s Strategy in uniting Indonesia and the Death for PKI

Meritocracy, or anti-corruption measures, had been one of the most important legacies LKY had brought towards Indonesia. Even though citizens from the Former-Dutch East Indies still owned high habits of corrupt tendency, LKY manages to form a social change during his premiership. However, he was not remembered on one, but two measures. The second one was multiculturalism. LKY’s multiculturalism policies matched perfectly with Indonesia’s conditions. Living on essentially a melting pot of archipelagos, Indonesia became one of the most diverse nations in the whole world. However, Sukarno’s and Nasution’s reign strengthen the unity with one component, language. Since Sumpah Pemuda, Indonesia was ‘informally’ united by three aspects, but the most compelling of them all was Bahasa Indonesia.

In the 1970s, Subandrio had given a Dual Language Act, meaning that regions could express their local dialects as ‘official regional language’. However, being a Singaporean, LKY notice about Singapore’s ethnic diversity, and giving one extra spot of the local language is not enough. Comprising of Tamils, Malays and Chinese, neither of them was willing to abandon their native tongues in favour of others. Starting LKY’s rule, these particular spots also increase in sentiments, as Singapore only approved English as their second language, which upsets everyone there. Moreover, similar issues are also happening all around Papua, where there are thousands of tribes persistent for their preservation of native languages.

Therefore, in 1979, LKY announced that the Dual Language Act would be revised into the Multilingual Act. Formally as Undang-Undang No.38 Tahun 1979, the 38th Bill of 1979 is passed on 23rd July 1979. Instead of pushing for duality, the Multilingual Act supports other dialects as local languages, while Bahasa Indonesia remained as the primary unifying language. The Multilingual Act also implements in schools, giving each specific states exclusive language lessons for students. English language, however, is an exception, as LKY stated it as ‘compulsory foreign language’, meaning that Indonesians now must learn English as their ‘international language’. This was a result of America’s disappointment with Subandrio’s soft foreign non-interventionist foreign policies as America’s Foreign Secretary, Ronald Reagan, usually retorted. Then, LKY changed the context of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. While former interpreters translate the old Sanskrit text as means of unifying Former-Dutch East Indies only, LKY pushed it forwards as Indonesia’s internationalism ideology even embraces other non-Indonesians minority such as ethnic Chinese and Tamils in Singapore. In a controversial extent, this Bhinneka Tunggal Ika also even acknowledges Indonesia’s top mixed-opinioned race, Jews.

Since 1974, the United Arab Socialist Republic negotiated a deal with Indonesia, bartering Jews that were living in Indonesia for trade and good relations. The United States’ stance is fairly open-minded with this. Even President Carter see this as one opportunity of having good relations with Nasser. In the Carter Administration, much of the Red Scare was aimed towards the Soviet Union. France is considered as ‘an ally gone rogue’, yet Carter still executed covert diplomatic operations to French-African separatist movements. Receiving at least 12500 a year, Indonesia is slightly concerned as the Muslim population in Western parts of Indonesia are majorly anti-Jew due to their establishment of the state of Israel. Correspondingly, only two major islands received Jewish refugees, which were Madagascar and Papua. The former island received more refugees because of the proximity. These Israelis at first rekindled their exodus as a revenge of return. Notwithstanding the lack of development in the island, the Israelis liked staying on the island and forming a small yet significant Jewish community in Northern Madagascar.

multiculturalism_1.jpg

Madagascarian Judaism, rising in the 80s due to Jewish Migration

This news was not broadcasted to Indonesia-proper, as most Muslims would be outraged at first read. Nevertheless, LKY slowly incorporated a Jewish friendly concept into Muslims with giving news in Lebanon and Turkey, where religious-extremists were consulting with pro-Soviet communist government to eradicate most Jewish refugees from the current displacement. He also mostly publicized about other anti-Semitism attitudes that were brewing in most European countries, mainly Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, and mannerly Greece. As millions were deported from the disputed region, Jewish refugees fled to anywhere they could go, only to receive the worst reaction in most destination states. France was accepting them, but only to move them in North Africa, not Proper-France. As a result, those dislocated Jews are pissing the Arabs that had dominated in Algeria and Tunisia, drawing for more anti-Semitism clashes in France. Ironically, the most welcoming nation for Jews was Germany, reminding that a few decades ago, they were killing Jews for purification.

multiculturalism_2.jpg

Remnants of Israeli Government Soldiers became part of Lebanese National Army (1981)

Nearing the 1983 election, the public mostly sympathized with the escaping Jews, especially when more extremist grows on the Middle East. Still, several factions despised this growing trend, and that was from LKY’s coalition, the PKI. Since the 1978 Election, the party has encountered new cracks that divide. More and more radical politicians commented Untung on his lack of anti-Americanism, which Indonesia until then still a great American ally. Even with Subandrio and LKY on the government, Indonesia still cannot remove any American influence in the region, only to compromise the current establishment.

Added fuel into the fire, the Jewish admittance towards Indonesia also sparked most anti-Semitism MPR legislates. The harshest of them all is Partai Umat Islam (PUI), which the leader openly condemned the ruling government as “American slaves”. The next in line, surprisingly, was the PKI. The Soviet Union was gradually drifting towards anti-Semitism, as any Zionist movements acknowledged themselves as American allies. Even France and China slowly followed suit. But then, PKI’s radical anti-Semitism was confronted with Untung’s pro-government supporters, which resulted in the dissolution later in 1980. Partai Komunis Indonesia was drifting towards a fated dissolution, as Untung’s pro-Subandrio faction fought with a more radical pro-PRC and pro-USSR faction. With the latter ruled by Mohammad Isnaeni, a close junior-partner of Sukarno in his pre-resignation. The pro-PRC also fractures, as later followed either for or against Jiang Qiang’s Soviet Union rapprochement. Unfortunately, the split was imminent, as in 1981 the party split into two.

multiculturalism_4.jpg
The first party, Partai Rakyat Demokratik (People’s Democratic Party), was a left party with General Untung as the leader. The party would become a close associate for PPP, while still pro-socialism. Moving on, the party from a pro-nativism party became a pro-nonaligned party, trying to rebirth Sukarno’s failed Non-Aligned Movement. Luckily, the party retains 90 seats from PKI, therefore still holding the majority in a slight 53%.

multiculturalism_3.jpg
The second party, Partai Pekerja Indonesia (Workers Party of Indonesia), is the successor of PKI’s communism. Advocating true Stalinism and Maoism, this party was the antithesis of PNI-R – they supported the Soviet Union and China. Still Isnaeni as the leader, he later invited Sukarno’s children into politics from his party. However, during the 1980s, the party would stumble for any alliance as the party was the only left party outside of the government. Being a pro-workers attitude, the party is more successful in the public rather than Untung's in labour unions and farmers. Pancasila's First Line for religious acknowledgement prevents them from being an atheist party, and more on pro-Islamist, therefore the Cresent and Star symbol.

========================================
Before dealing with more of the government policies, the next chapter will solely be an exclusive PNI-R chapter. Something nasty will definitely happen at the party.
 
Multiculturalism: LKY’s Strategy in uniting Indonesia and the Death for PKI

Meritocracy, or anti-corruption measures, had been one of the most important legacies LKY had brought towards Indonesia. Even though citizens from the Former-Dutch East Indies still owned high habits of corrupt tendency, LKY manages to form a social change during his premiership. However, he was not remembered on one, but two measures. The second one was multiculturalism. LKY’s multiculturalism policies matched perfectly with Indonesia’s conditions. Living on essentially a melting pot of archipelagos, Indonesia became one of the most diverse nations in the whole world. However, Sukarno’s and Nasution’s reign strengthen the unity with one component, language. Since Sumpah Pemuda, Indonesia was ‘informally’ united by three aspects, but the most compelling of them all was Bahasa Indonesia.

In the 1970s, Subandrio had given a Dual Language Act, meaning that regions could express their local dialects as ‘official regional language’. However, being a Singaporean, LKY notice about Singapore’s ethnic diversity, and giving one extra spot of the local language is not enough. Comprising of Tamils, Malays and Chinese, neither of them was willing to abandon their native tongues in favour of others. Starting LKY’s rule, these particular spots also increase in sentiments, as Singapore only approved English as their second language, which upsets everyone there. Moreover, similar issues are also happening all around Papua, where there are thousands of tribes persistent for their preservation of native languages.

Therefore, in 1979, LKY announced that the Dual Language Act would be revised into the Multilingual Act. Formally as Undang-Undang No.38 Tahun 1979, the 38th Bill of 1979 is passed on 23rd July 1979. Instead of pushing for duality, the Multilingual Act supports other dialects as local languages, while Bahasa Indonesia remained as the primary unifying language. The Multilingual Act also implements in schools, giving each specific states exclusive language lessons for students. English language, however, is an exception, as LKY stated it as ‘compulsory foreign language’, meaning that Indonesians now must learn English as their ‘international language’. This was a result of America’s disappointment with Subandrio’s soft foreign non-interventionist foreign policies as America’s Foreign Secretary, Ronald Reagan, usually retorted. Then, LKY changed the context of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. While former interpreters translate the old Sanskrit text as means of unifying Former-Dutch East Indies only, LKY pushed it forwards as Indonesia’s internationalism ideology even embraces other non-Indonesians minority such as ethnic Chinese and Tamils in Singapore. In a controversial extent, this Bhinneka Tunggal Ika also even acknowledges Indonesia’s top mixed-opinioned race, Jews.

Since 1974, the United Arab Socialist Republic negotiated a deal with Indonesia, bartering Jews that were living in Indonesia for trade and good relations. The United States’ stance is fairly open-minded with this. Even President Carter see this as one opportunity of having good relations with Nasser. In the Carter Administration, much of the Red Scare was aimed towards the Soviet Union. France is considered as ‘an ally gone rogue’, yet Carter still executed covert diplomatic operations to French-African separatist movements. Receiving at least 12500 a year, Indonesia is slightly concerned as the Muslim population in Western parts of Indonesia are majorly anti-Jew due to their establishment of the state of Israel. Correspondingly, only two major islands received Jewish refugees, which were Madagascar and Papua. The former island received more refugees because of the proximity. These Israelis at first rekindled their exodus as a revenge of return. Notwithstanding the lack of development in the island, the Israelis liked staying on the island and forming a small yet significant Jewish community in Northern Madagascar.

View attachment 562978
Madagascarian Judaism, rising in the 80s due to Jewish Migration

This news was not broadcasted to Indonesia-proper, as most Muslims would be outraged at first read. Nevertheless, LKY slowly incorporated a Jewish friendly concept into Muslims with giving news in Lebanon and Turkey, where religious-extremists were consulting with pro-Soviet communist government to eradicate most Jewish refugees from the current displacement. He also mostly publicized about other anti-Semitism attitudes that were brewing in most European countries, mainly Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, and mannerly Greece. As millions were deported from the disputed region, Jewish refugees fled to anywhere they could go, only to receive the worst reaction in most destination states. France was accepting them, but only to move them in North Africa, not Proper-France. As a result, those dislocated Jews are pissing the Arabs that had dominated in Algeria and Tunisia, drawing for more anti-Semitism clashes in France. Ironically, the most welcoming nation for Jews was Germany, reminding that a few decades ago, they were killing Jews for purification.

View attachment 562977
Remnants of Israeli Government Soldiers became part of Lebanese National Army (1981)

Nearing the 1983 election, the public mostly sympathized with the escaping Jews, especially when more extremist grows on the Middle East. Still, several factions despised this growing trend, and that was from LKY’s coalition, the PKI. Since the 1978 Election, the party has encountered new cracks that divide. More and more radical politicians commented Untung on his lack of anti-Americanism, which Indonesia until then still a great American ally. Even with Subandrio and LKY on the government, Indonesia still cannot remove any American influence in the region, only to compromise the current establishment.

Added fuel into the fire, the Jewish admittance towards Indonesia also sparked most anti-Semitism MPR legislates. The harshest of them all is Partai Umat Islam (PUI), which the leader openly condemned the ruling government as “American slaves”. The next in line, surprisingly, was the PKI. The Soviet Union was gradually drifting towards anti-Semitism, as any Zionist movements acknowledged themselves as American allies. Even France and China slowly followed suit. But then, PKI’s radical anti-Semitism was confronted with Untung’s pro-government supporters, which resulted in the dissolution later in 1980. Partai Komunis Indonesia was drifting towards a fated dissolution, as Untung’s pro-Subandrio faction fought with a more radical pro-PRC and pro-USSR faction. With the latter ruled by Mohammad Isnaeni, a close junior-partner of Sukarno in his pre-resignation. The pro-PRC also fractures, as later followed either for or against Jiang Qiang’s Soviet Union rapprochement. Unfortunately, the split was imminent, as in 1981 the party split into two.
The first party, Partai Rakyat Demokratik (People’s Democratic Party), was a left party with General Untung as the leader. The party would become a close associate for PPP, while still pro-socialism. Moving on, the party from a pro-nativism party became a pro-nonaligned party, trying to rebirth Sukarno’s failed Non-Aligned Movement. Luckily, the party retains 90 seats from PKI, therefore still holding the majority in a slight 53%.
The second party, Partai Pekerja Indonesia (Workers Party of Indonesia), is the successor of PKI’s communism. Advocating true Stalinism and Maoism, this party was the antithesis of PNI-R – they supported the Soviet Union and China. Still Isnaeni as the leader, he later invited Sukarno’s children into politics from his party. However, during the 1980s, the party would stumble for any alliance as the party was the only left party outside of the government. Being a pro-workers attitude, the party is more successful in the public rather than Untung's in labour unions and farmers. Pancasila's First Line for religious acknowledgement prevents them from being an atheist party, and more on pro-Islamist, therefore the Cresent and Star symbol.

========================================
Before dealing with more of the government policies, the next chapter will solely be an exclusive PNI-R chapter. Something nasty will definitely happen at the party.
Assasination?
 
I always wanted to ask this question do the freemason still exist in indonesia and do they still have a grand lodge in indonesia? (perhaps even in each islands?) And about the tv and movies can you mention several indonesian movie that also famous outside of indonesia ittl? (Warkop film maybe?)
I guess multiple lodges exist in several parts of the former Dutch East Indies. Probably they would expand in other places, like Madagascar or Malaya.

Warkop DKI (at least this ATL version) could be a great example.
 
The Roaring 80s Part 5: PNI-R's Turn of Events New
Leadership Changes: A Story about PNI-R Part 1

The 1978 Election had just confirmed that the next five years would not be PNI-R as the majority leader and the leader of the nation. Furthermore, for the first time that PNI-R finally succeeded as the runner up. Before, either PNI or Parindra would hold the government since the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia. On this stage, PNI-R suffered on what would be Post-Power Syndrome, a symptom that completely shakes the party to its core.

However, to fully grasp the condition of PNI-R within, one must look again into history, right after Sukarno’s resignation. Immediately after Sukarno’s resignation, PNI held absolute control of the government. Wilopo was then President and Prime Minister. Yet, his party was not ready for any transition of change, since, besides Wilopo, no other politician was popular enough to secure another term when Wilopo would subsequently leave politics after the creation of 1964 Constitution. PNI then was consisted of scholars and intellectuals which was irrelevant during a war-time nation. The second was the scare that PKI would claim the throne of the government. Although post-Sukarno PKI was truly a gift for PNI, Aidit was still a formidable foe, and popularity would restore. Meanwhile, in PNI there was no idol to support for.

Wilopo immediately thought of finding a war-leader as successor, which was no-other than General A.H. Nasution. A war-hero in Independence Revolution, the general would become a two-decade Army Chief of Staff, along with General Gatot Subroto and General Ahmad Yani. Also fighting in Malaya, General Nasution was famous in Java, patronize as war-hero and saviour. In consideration, General A.H. Nasution was the only army personnel at that time that was interested in governance. As a result, with the 1964 Constitution was finally ratified, Nasution would become Candidate-President. Unsurprisingly, with dashing posture and high popularity, Nasution won.

The only disadvantage was PNI needs to ally itself with its more extreme right-wing sister party, Parindra, as Nasution’s colleagues were mostly there. Conveniently, the entrance of Nasution also meant a new leader for Parindra, which most officers reluctant to. For the next few years, everything was fine and dandy. Sadly, things changed because Nasution had a competitor.

Enter then, Lieutenant General Suharto. After his astounding campaign in Papua, Suharto came to his hometown as a popular character. His smiling grace nicknamed him “The Smiling General”. Suharto is also famous for sophisticate manner and customs, foreseeable reminding that Suharto was Javanese, famous for its polite traditions. Suharto, too, also had ambitions that superimposed with Nasution’s, ruling the country. In 1969, Suharto’s rise was unavoidable that he too was endorsed by Jogjakarta’s crown prince, Bendara Raden Mas Herjuno Darpito. Other notable princedoms have also supported him, such as Kadipaten Paku Alam and Praja Mangkunegaraan, the two duchies that Indonesia neglected in Central Java. In the end, Suharto’s power was too strong for Nasution to counter that he eventually gave up and promise him as the successor of PNI-R. In addition to Nasution’s fall post-presidency, most of Nasution supporters switched sides to Suharto.

Despite Suharto’s charming character, some people despised him greatly. Suharto’s family was the main reason. During his rise as Premier, he would expand his business empire into his family, calling as Cendana Family. He would be responsible for much of the corruption caused during Nasution’s presidency. With that in mind, he later expanded his influence in conglomerates, having them support him for the next election against Subandrio. In 1979, he would succeed Nasution as the fore-runner of PNI-R candidacy next election, well at least until the unthinkable happened.

------------------------------------------​

23rd April 1980

Suharto was the verge of total control of the government. All of his comrades may at least control the PNI-R leadership one way or another. Retired-General Ahmad Yani has become the incumbent leader after the Catholic leaders had been ousted. More friends, such as D.I Pandjaitan, Pierre Tendean and Soeprapto was also inside the leadership of the party. Suprapto has become the uniting voice for the Golkar Faction, ruling with Suharto as their symbol of victory.

Nonetheless, as pros also have cons, other generals condemned Suharto as ‘too corrupt’ and ‘too greed’. Some of the opposing generals, like Police-General Hoegeng Imam Santoso, Brigadier General Ali Sadikin and Major General Pranoto Reksosamodra. Suharto, in an easing manner, had silenced all of those guys into the small corner of Golkar Faction. Hoegeng and Ali were the most formidable ones, as they were quite well-known in cities around Indonesia.

Suharto is contemplating about Yani’s strategy on how to counter the rising PPP. Although Subandrio’s foreign policy was a whimper from his past, LKY was a strong, fierce and sturdy enemy to fight. Triumph for industrialization, diversity and even prosperity, LKY’s only flaw is his Chinese looks. Yani suggested that we would criticize the government’s weak suppression on Aceh, which during Nasution’s era was the most rebellious territory of the country. Suharto’s idea was quite simple, using discrimination as a tool. For centuries, the Dutch managed to implement Devide et Impera to implement in Indonesia. One of them being natives against Chinese merchants. He would do it again, for the sake of hopelessness.

His distracted thought immediately focused when he and his bodyguard drove on the wrong street of Jakarta. Desired to enter the PNI-R’s office in Anggrek Deli Murni, Slipi. He instead went on the wrong turn and headed towards the Tamang Anggrek Street, the street just on the other side of Grogol Drain. His car is heading for a U-Turn when a nearing vehicle crash to his car at top speed, throwing the car to the Drain. As it was almost summer, the drain was almost empty, and the car wrecked and rolled to the lowest part of the river.

Suharto only realized that he had an accident when his car already fell to the drain. His mind is slowly fading, and for him, it seems that the world is turning brighter than before. He shortly sees the old house that he lives in his childhood, and his mind went blank.

------------------------------------------​

In 1980, Suharto died on a car accident just barely coming to PNI-R’s headquarters in Slipi. He struggled inside a rolled-over car at the bottom of the river only to succumb due to heavy bleeding. The Mustang car who crashed the general crashed towards the hard wall on the other side of the road, crushing the front side. The driver, a drunk teenager from the aristocrat complex just south of the road, the Kemanggisan Housing, died instantly after the crash. It happened at 8 in the night, and road-lamps were inadequate on the road.

A public funeral was immediately announced by Subandrio for commemorating the hero of Papua. All political difference seemed to fade away for some time during the funeral. After the crash, Subandrio declared that he would review this lack of lighting. It was reported that during Nasution’s presidency, much of the budget was diverted for constructing roads all around Indonesia. So focused on that topic only that the government mistakenly forgot to place enough lamp-posts on the roads, even in Jakarta.

The aftermath was devastating for the PNI-R, as the supposed unifying figure upcoming the election has fallen by miserable fate. Pro-Suharto’s followers appointed the deceased friend and colleague Brigadier General Umar Wirahadikusumah as the successor. However, Umar was not as strong and authoritative as Suharto, but still hold the destructive traits of corrupt and greedy. Umar was not beloved by most civilians, as his achievements were shadowed by others. After his ascendancy, a trio intends to finish of Suharto’s nepotism in the party. That trio was Ali, Hoegeng, and Pranoto.

A power struggle was happening in the PNI-R, and the one’s benefited from it was the PPP.

================================​

In OTL, the Trio, Nasution and Dharsono were five Generals that was 'silenced' by Suharto during the New Order. As they questioned Suharto's slanted Demokrasi Pancasila, or Democracy under Pandasila, they all would either be isolated in politics and even from public news. Most of them went broke after they couldn't afford money from this containment.

The next chapter would be a side-topic about one thing I haven't grasped ITTL: Protests, Demonstrations, and Rebellions.
 
Leadership Changes: A Story about PNI-R Part 1

The 1978 Election had just confirmed that the next five years would not be PNI-R as the majority leader and the leader of the nation. Furthermore, for the first time that PNI-R finally succeeded as the runner up. Before, either PNI or Parindra would hold the government since the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia. On this stage, PNI-R suffered on what would be Post-Power Syndrome, a symptom that completely shakes the party to its core.

However, to fully grasp the condition of PNI-R within, one must look again into history, right after Sukarno’s resignation. Immediately after Sukarno’s resignation, PNI held absolute control of the government. Wilopo was then President and Prime Minister. Yet, his party was not ready for any transition of change, since, besides Wilopo, no other politician was popular enough to secure another term when Wilopo would subsequently leave politics after the creation of 1964 Constitution. PNI then was consisted of scholars and intellectuals which was irrelevant during a war-time nation. The second was the scare that PKI would claim the throne of the government. Although post-Sukarno PKI was truly a gift for PNI, Aidit was still a formidable foe, and popularity would restore. Meanwhile, in PNI there was no idol to support for.

Wilopo immediately thought of finding a war-leader as successor, which was no-other than General A.H. Nasution. A war-hero in Independence Revolution, the general would become a two-decade Army Chief of Staff, along with General Gatot Subroto and General Ahmad Yani. Also fighting in Malaya, General Nasution was famous in Java, patronize as war-hero and saviour. In consideration, General A.H. Nasution was the only army personnel at that time that was interested in governance. As a result, with the 1964 Constitution was finally ratified, Nasution would become Candidate-President. Unsurprisingly, with dashing posture and high popularity, Nasution won.

The only disadvantage was PNI needs to ally itself with its more extreme right-wing sister party, Parindra, as Nasution’s colleagues were mostly there. Conveniently, the entrance of Nasution also meant a new leader for Parindra, which most officers reluctant to. For the next few years, everything was fine and dandy. Sadly, things changed because Nasution had a competitor.

Enter then, Lieutenant General Suharto. After his astounding campaign in Papua, Suharto came to his hometown as a popular character. His smiling grace nicknamed him “The Smiling General”. Suharto is also famous for sophisticate manner and customs, foreseeable reminding that Suharto was Javanese, famous for its polite traditions. Suharto, too, also had ambitions that superimposed with Nasution’s, ruling the country. In 1969, Suharto’s rise was unavoidable that he too was endorsed by Jogjakarta’s crown prince, Bendara Raden Mas Herjuno Darpito. Other notable princedoms have also supported him, such as Kadipaten Paku Alam and Praja Mangkunegaraan, the two duchies that Indonesia neglected in Central Java. In the end, Suharto’s power was too strong for Nasution to counter that he eventually gave up and promise him as the successor of PNI-R. In addition to Nasution’s fall post-presidency, most of Nasution supporters switched sides to Suharto.

Despite Suharto’s charming character, some people despised him greatly. Suharto’s family was the main reason. During his rise as Premier, he would expand his business empire into his family, calling as Cendana Family. He would be responsible for much of the corruption caused during Nasution’s presidency. With that in mind, he later expanded his influence in conglomerates, having them support him for the next election against Subandrio. In 1979, he would succeed Nasution as the fore-runner of PNI-R candidacy next election, well at least until the unthinkable happened.

------------------------------------------​

23rd April 1980

Suharto was the verge of total control of the government. All of his comrades may at least control the PNI-R leadership one way or another. Retired-General Ahmad Yani has become the incumbent leader after the Catholic leaders had been ousted. More friends, such as D.I Pandjaitan, Pierre Tendean and Soeprapto was also inside the leadership of the party. Suprapto has become the uniting voice for the Golkar Faction, ruling with Suharto as their symbol of victory.

Nonetheless, as pros also have cons, other generals condemned Suharto as ‘too corrupt’ and ‘too greed’. Some of the opposing generals, like Police-General Hoegeng Imam Santoso, Brigadier General Ali Sadikin and Major General Pranoto Reksosamodra. Suharto, in an easing manner, had silenced all of those guys into the small corner of Golkar Faction. Hoegeng and Ali were the most formidable ones, as they were quite well-known in cities around Indonesia.

Suharto is contemplating about Yani’s strategy on how to counter the rising PPP. Although Subandrio’s foreign policy was a whimper from his past, LKY was a strong, fierce and sturdy enemy to fight. Triumph for industrialization, diversity and even prosperity, LKY’s only flaw is his Chinese looks. Yani suggested that we would criticize the government’s weak suppression on Aceh, which during Nasution’s era was the most rebellious territory of the country. Suharto’s idea was quite simple, using discrimination as a tool. For centuries, the Dutch managed to implement Devide et Impera to implement in Indonesia. One of them being natives against Chinese merchants. He would do it again, for the sake of hopelessness.

His distracted thought immediately focused when he and his bodyguard drove on the wrong street of Jakarta. Desired to enter the PNI-R’s office in Anggrek Deli Murni, Slipi. He instead went on the wrong turn and headed towards the Tamang Anggrek Street, the street just on the other side of Grogol Drain. His car is heading for a U-Turn when a nearing vehicle crash to his car at top speed, throwing the car to the Drain. As it was almost summer, the drain was almost empty, and the car wrecked and rolled to the lowest part of the river.

Suharto only realized that he had an accident when his car already fell to the drain. His mind is slowly fading, and for him, it seems that the world is turning brighter than before. He shortly sees the old house that he lives in his childhood, and his mind went blank.

------------------------------------------​

In 1980, Suharto died on a car accident just barely coming to PNI-R’s headquarters in Slipi. He struggled inside a rolled-over car at the bottom of the river only to succumb due to heavy bleeding. The Mustang car who crashed the general crashed towards the hard wall on the other side of the road, crushing the front side. The driver, a drunk teenager from the aristocrat complex just south of the road, the Kemanggisan Housing, died instantly after the crash. It happened at 8 in the night, and road-lamps were inadequate on the road.

A public funeral was immediately announced by Subandrio for commemorating the hero of Papua. All political difference seemed to fade away for some time during the funeral. After the crash, Subandrio declared that he would review this lack of lighting. It was reported that during Nasution’s presidency, much of the budget was diverted for constructing roads all around Indonesia. So focused on that topic only that the government mistakenly forgot to place enough lamp-posts on the roads, even in Jakarta.

The aftermath was devastating for the PNI-R, as the supposed unifying figure upcoming the election has fallen by miserable fate. Pro-Suharto’s followers appointed the deceased friend and colleague Brigadier General Umar Wirahadikusumah as the successor. However, Umar was not as strong and authoritative as Suharto, but still hold the destructive traits of corrupt and greedy. Umar was not beloved by most civilians, as his achievements were shadowed by others. After his ascendancy, a trio intends to finish of Suharto’s nepotism in the party. That trio was Ali, Hoegeng, and Pranoto.

A power struggle was happening in the PNI-R, and the one’s benefited from it was the PPP.

================================​

In OTL, the Trio, Nasution and Dharsono were five Generals that was 'silenced' by Suharto during the New Order. As they questioned Suharto's slanted Demokrasi Pancasila, or Democracy under Pandasila, they all would either be isolated in politics and even from public news. Most of them went broke after they couldn't afford money from this containment.

The next chapter would be a side-topic about one thing I haven't grasped ITTL: Protests, Demonstrations, and Rebellions.
Will we see the mysterious dutch person (who you said is pretty prominent) in the next update?
 
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