Discussion in 'Post Test Messages Here' started by Ellie, Dec 12, 2015.
Governors-General of the Colony of Georgia (1524-1782)
* De jure officially renamed Terre de Pexegos in a 1776 referendum, though the names "Georgia" a "Georgio's Land" remained popular in common usage.
Governors of Georgia/Terre de Pexegos (1782-1858)
* De jure name reverted to Georgia in 1856 after nationwide consolidation reforms.
Presidents of the Macon Government (1858-1866)
Presidents of the (First) Republic of Georgia (1866-1882)
Presidents of the Castilian/Northern League North America Company (1882-1913)
1882-1887: Juan M. Gordón
Presidents of the (Second) Republic of Georgia (1913-1925)
1913-1916: John M. Slaton (Democratic Party)
1916-1919: Albert Tifton (Integration Party)
1919-1924: W.E.B. Du Bois (Georgian Peope's Party)
1924-1925: William Z. Foster (Georgian People's Party)
Tale of a Town: Rebei, also known as Kadykchan
One of the more interesting relics of the Japanese presence in what is now the Russian Far East is the uninhabited city of Kadykchan, located in the Magadan Oblast. The town itself was founded as early as 1862, when Japanese colonization of the Far Northeast came into full fruition. As the Ainu Chiefdom had been destroyed, the Japanese had already claimed success in their policy of Roshō (kanji 露障, "Russian Blockage", the strategy of denying Holtzist Russia access to Asian markets) with the 1858 Treaty of Okinawa, and the Koryaks had been subdued, the need to found more settlements in the far-out land became important. While members of the gentry and resident Scandinavians were largely responsible for the foundation of towns in Japanese America, military leaders and ex-samurai were the primary settlers in the early years of Japanese colonization of the Far Northeast. Under Kuroda Ryōsuke, the first director of Japanese colonization of the region, small forts were established inland from the already-growing city of
I have lots of things going on at once, but here's a WIP of a mega list comp for the reverse 2014 map game.
Presidents of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (1933-Present)
Presidents of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (1932-Present)
2010-Present: José Mujica (Broad Front)
General Technical Secretaries of the Rational Republic of Argentina (1932-2005)
Presidents of the Argentine Republic (2005-Present)
NOTE: The following lists use the American political coloring scheme, with red representing the right and blue representing the left.
Presidents of the Republic of Pennsylvania (????-1986)
1973-1976: Gerald Ford/Nelson Rockefeller (Republican)
1976-1980: Samuel Shavers/Tip O'Neill (Democratic)
1980-1986: Dick Thornburgh/William Scranton III (Republican)
Presidents of the American Democratic Coalition of States (ADCS) (1986-2014)
1986-1988: Dick Thornburgh/William Scranton III (Republican)
1988-1992: William Scranton III/Warren Rudman (Republican)
1992-2000: Bill Clinton/Frank O'Bannon (Democratic)
2000-2008: Dan Quayle/Newt Gingrich (Republican)
2008-Present: Barack Obama/Joe Biden (Democratic) 
 In 2014, he became the first President of the United States of America.
Presidents of the American Republic (????-1925)
19??-1925: Samuel Boll (Reformed Whig)
General Technical Secretaries of the Equal Confederate States of America (ECSA) (1925-2003)
1925-1928: George K. Bathurst
1928-1930: Henry J. Garand
1930-1940: John C. Garand
1940-1945: Jonathan P. Hoxworth
1945-1952: Robert F. Hunt
1952-1967: Dwight D. Eisenhower
1967-1969: Roman S. Pratt
1969-1974: Richard F. Nixon
1974-1990: Leonard R. Blanton
1990-1999: George W. Bush 
1999-2003: George W. Bush (Democratic-Republican Alliance) 
 Before 1999, ECSA leadership is non-partisan.
 Due to years of exhausting efforts, George W. Bush successfully returned democracy to the Confederacy and integrated the entire country into the ECSA in just four years.
Presidents of the Republic of Ecotopia (????-2003)
1976-1984: Ronald Reagan (Popular Defense)
1984-1986: Madeline P. Crabtree (United Socialist)
1990-1996: Preston Rhodes (Ecological)
1996-2001: William D. Andrews (Ecological) 
2001-2003: Al Gore (Nationalist-Ecological)
 Assassinated during a political commentary, along with much of his staff and high-ranking subordinates. Due to the fiasco that followed, this became a compelling argument for a 25th Amendment to the future United States Constitution...
Scandinavian Colonization of the River Plate
In the mid- to late-1500's, various European maritime and powers sought to set up extensive networks of fortresses and colonies in the continent of South America, the colonization of which had only been recently spearheaded by Portugal and the Netherlands. With successful foundation of the colony of New Yterland (later New Sweden) in 1543, the Kingdom of Yterland began to search for other lucrative land for colonization. Rather than compete for coveted land in the Mesoamerican jungles or the Caribbean Archipelago, the Yterlanders saw interest in a recently-discovered region: New Estonia, a colony founded by the Finns in 1581. According to reports by Finnish explorers, the climate of the area was "not unlike that of the fields of the Papal Domain", meaning the area was a prime region for wheat cultivation, always difficult in the colder climate of Scandinavia or the wetter one of New Yterland. The need for a "bread basket", as well as pure national prestige, fueled the desire to found a South American colony. The government of Yterland contracted a Leonese navigator by the name of Miguel de Vilecha, who led a successful expedition to South America in 1586, founding a small colony in and around what would later become the city of Joinville, Brazil.
In contrast with the colonization of North America, Yterland's approach to colonizing Yterland Søramerica (the original name of the colony) was to populate the area with upper-class Norse explorers and merchants with foreign-contracted laborers, soldiers, and even missionaries. Thus, while Søramerica was mostly Norse in its culture, it mixed with cultures of Germany, Spain, Italy, and Portugal, as well as indigenous and African as these groups were soon sucked into the colony's labor system.
Søramerica's growth was rather slow until 1620, when the Scandinavian kingdoms saw their unification under the rising House of Askeland. Thus, ownership of Søramerica was transferred to the Crown of Askeland in Copenhagen, with the colony getting rebranded as Scandinavian Sydamerica. The new House of Askeland set about growing the fledgling colony, at the time having a population of a mere four thousand individuals. Thus, in 1625, another nearby colony was founded, this time some farther to the south, where the Scandinavians discovered their true coveted "bread basket". Growth was slow at first, and was mainly restricted to immigration into the towns by peoples from especially the Latin League and Germania, but in the 1650's, the Scandinavians pushed inland, founding the cities of Munterhavn (1653, later Porto Alegre), Hallberg (1670, later Santa Maria), and Ankomst (1672, later Montevideo). This so-called "Great Expansion" culminated in the 1690 Treaty of Heldiberg (or often presently called the "Treaty of Pelotas" after Heldiberg's current name) between Spain, demarcating Scandinavian and future Spanish land. Also with the treaty, Scandinavian Sydamerika saw itself renamed "Sølv Floden"--the Silver River--as said river became the hub of the colony.
Expansion was not met with universal support. The Scandinavians sought to push out the Tupí tribal kingdoms and relocate them to the young Order of the Lord, despite their vehement opposition. After the Raze of 1693 by Hans Amstad, the Tupí kingdoms that remained were forced to submit to the Scandinavian crown. The Tupí would resist for a little while longer, though, until the accession of the House of Mannemark to the Scandinavian throne after a fast succession struggle in 1697. The Mannemarks were, unfortunately for the natives, even more expansionist than their predecessors. Bjorn Korsgaard, the newly-appointed colonial governor, would conquer New Estonia in 1707, and the Scandinavian-Tupí wars would last from 1709 until the 1763. Growth would be slow until the Scandinavian Succession War of 1764-1767, when pro-Ølz-Kresser officials would officially seize the colony.
With a new dynasty in power yet again, aggressiveness was only increased. In 1793, Scandinavia unsuccessfully attacked the Order of the Lord, but would follow up and succeed in an 1802-1804 war against the Eastern League. Then-colonial governor Frederik Svenssen's main motive was to end Scandinavia's tolerance of unrestricted (Catholic) missionary travel, which had the adverse effect of pitting a large Catholic-converted indigenous and laborer population against the mostly Protestant upper class and elite, made up of the Kontinentaler (those born in European Scandinavia) and Sydamerikaner (those of pure Scandinavian origin born in the colony, not to be confused with the later Dutch Amerikaaners) social castes. By the end of the war, Svenssen became victorious, and followed through with the Edict of Stockholm, thereby placing great restrictions on (Catholic) missionary activity in the colony. Of course, with the contemporaneous Great European War ravaging Europe, the Papacy saw Scandinavia's actions as yet another attack on the Church's rights, which had the effect of permanently shattering Scandinavian-Papal relations (not like they were really strong before, though, as the Scandinavians were known collaborators with the radical Albrecht Holtz).
However, even with the missionaries mostly disenfranchised, anti-government sentiment was still strong among some local Catholics. Much of this sentiment surged after the foundation of the Republic of Holy Paraguay, created from a "coup d'état" against the indigenous Kingdom of Paraguay by Jesuit missionary Hipolito Bouchard in 1813. Immediately, Bouchard set out to create anti-Scandinavian propaganda, including encouraging the destruction of government property and Catholic immigration into the small Catholic state. Bouchard's propaganda was effective enough to lead to a Catholic rebellion in remote areas of Sølv Floden from 1817 to 1822, which, while far from the urban centers of the East, was still enough of a nuisance to catch the attention of the colonial government. In 1830, the Scandinavians launched an invasion of Holy Paraguay, with the now-insane Bouchard being disposed and Paraguay being directly annexed into Sølv Floden.
At the same time, Sølv Floden's demographic makeup was shifting. The population of the foreign-contracted laborers and missionaries (largely before the wars against the Catholic states, however) grew, especially in the cities, where their populations had once been small. Among European countries, Castile and the Iberian Latin Union states were prime suppliers of immigrants. The city of Ankomst had a Spanish plurality by the 1830's; towns founded in the interior regions of Sølv Floden were majority-Spanish in some cases, and plurality in most; Paraguay, after its conquest, failed to attract Scandinavian settlers, despite the renaming of Assumpció to Antalgese in 1832. In Sølv Floden, laborers could better their economic situation relatively easily, and over time, many Spanish immigrants became important civil employees in Sølv Floden's administration. Among other groups, Italians and Portuguese were important in crafting the identities of northern regions of the colony.
As the mid-19th century approached, Scandinavian Sølv Floden was not immune to change, something that was sweeping the world at the time. Since 1842, the Eastern League's Chaco colony had been in a state of near-constant warfare, and seeing the conflict as a possible spark for a similar struggle in their own colony, the Scandinavians invaded Chaco in 1853. The region's geography made it difficult to invade, resulting in mixed success in the long-run. With the fall of the colony and its independence in 1858, Scandinavia managed to acquire a small sliver. At the same time, the demographic situation in Sølv Floden was obvious to the governors. Thus, in 1858, Sølv Floden was federalized into seven distinctly-governed colonial entities: Storflot, Nye Danmark, Gåtenland, Kaue, Mellem-Floder, Pæranenland, and Chako. The latter colony, Chako, being poorly-administered and essentially-anarchic, saw an invasion by Castile in 1861 (also resulting in Scandinavia's withdrawal from the war against the Chaco Republic) with its reluctant cession in 1863. With its efforts in the war largely deemed useless, Scandinavia withdrew its involvement in South American wars; if it were not for Scandinavia's acquisition of the British Amazon in 1861, it is likely that mass protests would have broken out.
Following the Chaco fiasco until 1923, the focus of the government was more strongly in administration and internal matters, than conquest and expansion. Cities like Ankomst and Munterhavn grew into industrial centers. Storflot, the least-developed colony mainly being a "bread basket" hitherto, saw its first burst of population growth in the town of Godvind. At the same time, Scandinavia sought to "spread its civilization" to other lands. In 1874, Scandinavia scouted out and founded the colony of Senegal (which, at the time, also included Grønkappe or Cape Verde). The same year, along with other European powers, Scandinavia forced the opening of the Republic of Cameroon to foreign investment. Just a year later, Erik Liber's exploration led to the foundation of "Liberia" in his name. By 1900, Scandinavia monopolized a portion of West Africa. While focus was shifted from the "Old Colonies" in America to the "New Colonies" in Africa and Asia, independence sentiments grew among Sølv Floden's non-Scandinavian population (and indeed a few Scandinavians, especially the Swedish who despised Scandinavia's strict use of Standard Danish as the lingua franca). Sentiments were especially strong after the independence of Brazil (1882) and Argentina (1898), especially since Sølv Floden had large populations of Hispanophones and Lusophones. As locals took up important positions in administration, independence of Sølv Floden became ever more realistic.
By the end of the 1910's, Scandinavia was experiencing issues in administration at home. As in the Danubian Federation, who at the time lost the constituent states of Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Wurttemburg, anti-multinationalism was growing. Especially in the case of the Swedes, there was resentment towards the Scandinavian government, who propagated an ethnic policy of "One Scandinavia, One People, One Language"--the people being Danes, and the language being Standard Danish. At the time, Scandinavia had the slowest-growing population of Europe, meaning that it became difficult to maintain control over the large multi-continental colonial empire. In 1922, the Scandinavian government held its first referendum, on Swedish independence. Results were in enormous favor of independence, resulting in Sweden and Gambia parting with Scandinavia. The referendum produced a rapid snowball effect: just a year later, another referendum saw Norway break from Copenhagen, spelling the end of a unified Scandinavia.
After the 1923 split, the question of who owned which colonies created a nightmare for colonial administration. Denmark and Norway had uneven shares of administration; for example, Norway had an important role in the Americas, with Denmark leading control in Africa. Thus, most colonies in Africa went to Denmark, though Liberia went to Norway, and New Jutland (Sierra Leone) was placed under joint administration between Norway and Denmark. Svatau in China went to Norway, while the Brazilian coast colonies were mostly ceded to Denmark with only Fæstning went to Norway. Finally, most of Sølv Floden was ceded to Norway, while only Storflot was given joint-administration between Denmark and Norway.
In the 1920's, Sølv Floden's issues of ethnic tensions only grew as the population continued to expand. With the breakup of Scandinavia in 1923, independence sentiments grew, especially of course among the non-Scandinavians, who wished to instate changes such as the abolition of a national language and the dissolution of exclusive rights of the Kontinentaleren. The riots of 1924 managed to coerce the declining Norwegian government to finally give independence to Sølv Floden that year, ending 338 years of colonial rule, with only Storflot remaining of the "Old Colonies".
Independence, Reform, and Conflict
The individual behind Sølv Floden's independence was Raúl Frederiksson y Penas (using Spanish naming customs). Frederiksson, despite being descended from a well-off Scandinavian family of business-owners, identified more as "Hispanic" and wished to legitimize the identities of people like him within the recently-independent Sølv Floden. Frederiksson and his cabinet ran into the issue of how to rename the country, as they believed maintaining the old colonial name would just perpetuate outdated colonial tradition. The name they chose was the Guaraní Federation, in respect to the people who preceded the colony. The Guaraní Federation was declared as a "Federation for All" with no official language, though Danish was still used as the de facto lingua franca for simple convenience.
Frederiksson had a short term in power, as his 1926 heart attack brought his untimely death. He was succeeded by his hand-picked successor, Rafael Hernández, who was of full-Spanish descent, unlike Frederiksson. Most historians credit Hernández as being the "Father of Río de la Plata" for several reasons. To start, he instituted a policy of Spanish-language education with the intention of replacing Danish with Spanish as the language of administration. The move was widely successful, especially in Nye Danmark, Mollem-Floder, and Pæranenland, while it was difficult in Gåtenland and Kaue. Second, to facilitate linguistic change, the states' names were changed in 1928. Nye Danmark became "Eastern Uruguay"; Mollem-Floder became "Western Uruguay"; Pæranenland became "Paraguay"; Gåtenland became "Río Grande" (slightly edging out Gautania, which would be used as an informal name regardless); finally, Kaue became "Santa Catarina".
Birmingham - Established from the ashes of an Absarook camp as "Sequoyah's City" in 1554, it became the new capital of the Cherokee Empire. Throughout the centuries, it remained the most important city of the Cherokee (bar the original villages of the "homeland" of the Lower Appalachians) all the way to the resizing of the Cherokee Republic in 1882. After the defeat of the RCR, the Cherokee population of the city was virtually completely deported by Spanish-Georgian forces, and the vacant labor was replaced by cheap and work-hungry immigrants from up north, particularly from Appalachia, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. These immigrants made the city, then called La Magia, their home, and with their help the city of Birmingham became the industrial capital of the south. As such, it became an important city of Louisiana in the early 1900's, and this status was inherited by Alabama in 1991. The city's nicknames, "The Magic City" and "Pittsburgh of the South", refer to important aspects of its history. The former refers to the Georgian control (when the city saw its biggest expansion), and the latter refers to the influence of the influx of immigrants from the North.
Huntsville - This city was founded in the Vespuccian state of Atsun'sta Ti in 1831 as ᎾᎥᏂᎨᏗᎦᏚᏏ ("Village near the Hills"), it immediately attracted white settlers and slave owners. By 1845, the city was almost entirely white, and upon his being elected as mayor, John Hunt renamed the town in his own honor as Huntsville. The name stuck through thick and thin, even during the RCR's eviction of the white elite in the 1880's and 1890's and the later French occupation. In the United States, it is an important center for aerospace engineering and design.
Mobile - Founded in 1586 as Mobilus, it became the capital of the newly-founded New Thessalia of the Southern Roman Empire following the Choctaw Offensive. It remained the most important port city of the colony and its successor, Pensacola (both as a Vespuccian state and an independent republic). In 1848, the small republic joined Gran Colombia as the city of Mobile, though the region (and thus Mobile) were largely ignored. When the Northern League/Georgians acquired the region in 1882, the city of Mobile saw a surge of ship traffic, though under French rule (1917-1960) the city of Nouvelle-Orléans remained Louisiana's principal port city. With the fall of French rule (1960) and the admission of Alabama to the Union (1992), Mobile remained a principal city along the Gulf of Mexico.
Montgomery - Cherokee settlers founded this as the settlement of ᎠᏂᏟᏏᏍᎬ (Anitlisis'gv - "Gathering") in 1676. It remained a small and rather unimportant village until the arrival of the Georgians in 1882, who transformed the Cherokee village into the town of San Fermin. With the arrival of the French from Louisiana in 1917, the city was renamed Montgomery and became the capital of Louisianan Mississippi until its dissolution in 1960. When Alabama joined the Union in 1991, it became the state's capital, though it is not the largest city in that state (that record goes to Birmingham).
Anchorage - Though the land had been explored by the Scandinavians, the city itself was founded by the Japanese in 1865 as Hakugai ("The White Town"), written with Ateji 白街. The city quickly grew to become the Japanese Empire's major stopping point between continents, as materials and people frequently traveled there during trips from the more densely-populated "Rain Coast" to the Japanese Isles. Hakugai, despite not being the capital of Arasuka, remained the colony's most important city, even after its acquisition by the rising United States of America in 1970. Hoping to erase the remnants of Japanese culture, the city was renamed "Anchorage" as it was seen as a great place for American ships and people to anchor and expand inland. It remains Alaska's largest city to the present day, by far.
Barrow - A little-known fact is that the Scandinavians founded the city in 1829 as Barø, which was originally the northern terminus of a planned network of trails for trading. The misconception is often due to the fact that the Japanese acquired joint ownership of the settlement in 1839, and in 1842 it was completely ceded to them. As the settlement was populated by a mere ten people at the time, the Japanese had little trouble in removing Scandinavian influences (including a name change to Sakamoto, written as 坂本), though as was often the case in post-Scandinavian Japanese America, the original white settlers were treated well (much more so than their Castilian peers). During the Japanese era, it was a city mostly used for Arctic research. It never even had roads extending to nearby villages; all travel in and out was conducted by occasional flights by small airplanes. When the United States acquired Alaska in 1970, the city was renamed to "Barrow" as a homage to the original Scandinavian settlers.
Fairbanks - Founded in 1902 as Yogashi, written with Ateji 良河岸, by Japanese gold prospectors. Being almost exclusively a mining town, it had a very limited economy and was generally ignored by passerbys. When the United States acquired Aliasca in 1970, the name of the city was directly translated to Fairbanks, and it became the hub of interior Alaska.
Ketchikan - Home to a Tlingit settlement for centuries, the official incorporation date is cited as when the Japanese founded this small port in 1855 as Kichikan (taken from a Tlingit name), then written with the Ateji kanji 貴知寒. During the long Japanese era, it was renown for its salmon fisheries, which is still a mark of fame for the city today, as it now has the nickname "Salmon Capital of the World". When the Japanese ceded Alaska to the young United States of America in 1970, the city's name was generally kept the same, save for the change from the initial "Ke" to "Ki" to coincide with local pronunciation.
Kotzebue - The area was first explored by German-born Scandinavian explorer Otto von Kotzebue in 1792, and a small settlement existed in the area until the cession to Japan in 1842.
Sitka - Also the site of Tlingit encampments for ages, the Castilians first founded the city proper in 1770 as Notelén, and a castle was built which survives to the present day. In the final decade of the 1700's and the first two of the 1800's, the increasingly-powerful Yamato nobles often visited this city, as they scouted out potential property options. In 1838, when the Japanese imperial forces made a treaty with Scandinavia and Castile to gain refuge zones in North America, Notelén was chosen as one of the zones. In 1842, following the assassination of a Japanese noble, the area was ceded to Japan, and the city was renamed to Shitsuka, written in Ateji as 質香, which was derived from a Tlingit phrase (the city was also informally called "New Akita" during the Japanese age). Shitsuka was by far the most important trading city north of Daikigi (currently Bella Coola, British Columbia, Canada) until the growth as Hakugai in the early 20th century, when Shitsuka's population began to decline as citizens moved elsewhere. In 1970, the United States acquired Alaska, and as was the case with most other formerly-Japanese cities with names of indigenous origin, the name was mostly kept the same, albeit changed to "Sitka" to reflect American pronunciation.
Phoenix - This city is the descendant of the Aztec city of Xīpetotēc, named after an Aztec life-death-rebirth diety. It was established in 1857 by settlers travelling to Aztlan, and immediately attracted a large population. In accordance with the First Peoples' Confederation's practice of giving benefits to incoming easterners, the Aztecs provided workers' compensation and other benefits for employed eastern immigrants. Thus, many moved to Xīpetotēc. As one of the measured done by the Aztec government to westernize the empire, the city was renamed "Phoenix" (maintaining the rebirth motif) as a way to show a more Euro-American appeal.
Tuscon - This city is the descendant of the ancient Aztec border city of Xantico, named after the goddess who protected precious things. As a well-fortified border city for many years, the city was very aptly named, responsible for holding off attacks by the Absarook, Hohokam, Portuguese, and Californians. With the expansion into Aztlan in the mid 19th century, Xantico was no longer a border city, though it still attracted many Euro-American settlers, eventually being renamed "Tucson" by Castilian-Californian landowners during the Aztec Reform.
Little Rock - From its 1788 establishment by Francophone Vespuccians to its existence under Louisiana, it was known as Ville de la Rochelle. During the Vespuccian Era, it was often nicknamed La Passerelle à l'Ouest, or "The Gateway to the West". Under Louisiana, though, the cities of Nouvelle-Orléans and (especially) Saint Louis took this title from Ville de la Rochelle, also simply called La Rochelle or VR. The name of the city would only be changed to Little Rock upon the United States' victory against Louisiana in 1977.
Los Angeles - Though there were occasional contacts in the past by the Arisona Kingdom and the Absarook in pre-European times, the Portuguese were the first to establish a settlement in the region. In 1668, Portugal, pressured by President Alfonso Pereira, Duke of Barcelos, made an expedition along the western coast of North America in order to compete with Castile. The Portuguese, under explorer Diogo de Silva, founded the settlement of Costa Mesa (still exists in Orange County, California). The city of Los Angeles itself was founded in 1686 as Cidade dos Anjos (becoming the colonial capital in 1698) after further scouting missions and small land deals with the Chumash tribes in the area. From then until the late 1770's, Portuguese Santa Ana, as it came to be named, was mostly a trading colony with little interest in expanding inland due to geography and general disinterest in the dry region. This all changed during the Gran Colombian Revolution, when Portugal's alliance with Gran Colombia meant Santa Ana becoming more built-up. From this point until the 1810's, colonial rushes spearheaded by military officers saw the area completely settled, and Cidade de Anjos was the hub of the colony, due to its harbor and perfect geography. As the Portuguese's own culture mixed with that of immigrant servants from Asia and Tawantinsuyu, the city became a center of cultural fusion. The westward migration of Vespuccian, French, and British settlers starting around the same time bolstered this cultural explosion. After the Californian victory over Pacifica in 1861, Portuguese Santa Ana was destined to fall to California; the Portuguese knew this well, due to the presence of Californian allies and landowners within Cidade dos Anjos' walls. Californian territoriality rights in Santa Ana were granted in 1870; all but the neighborhoods of Malibu (which then also included Malibu Beach), Topanga, Paliçadas Pacíficas, and Santa Monica were ceded directly to California in 1876; finally in 1883, Portugal rescinded all ownership of the area to California. Under California, the city saw the inauguration of Alberto Malaga, a hispanophone Californio, which coincided with the change of the city's name from Portuguese to Spanish, becoming "Los Angeles". It was always an important center of industry and culture in California despite not being the capital, especially after the beginning of cinema in nearby Hollywood in 1914. At the same time, immigrants from all over, from Montezuma, to Britain, to the Japanese Empire, and other locations added to the already-existent cultural mix. In 1952, the city was attacked by a heavy naval bombardment by the Japanese, an order condoned by then-Prime Minister Tōjō Hideki, bringing California and many other western American republics into the First Soviet-Japanese War. The city rebuilt quite rapidly after the bombing, relying on increased immigration from Louisiana and other states. By this time, the city's population had reached 2.6 million. In the 1990's, the city was the site of intense gang violence, but since then, troubles have dissipated, and it remains California's biggest city.
San Francisco - From the 1460's to the 1540's, the area now known as San Francisco was home to a small Chōsokabe Japanese trader camp known as Petanaruka (the name likely taken from a preexisting native village), which served as a base for Chōsokabe Japan's whaling and trading routes. The colony was abandoned in the 1540's following attacks by the Absarook and economic decline on the main islands of Japan. The Absarook effectively wiped the Japanese influences clean; this meant that when the Castilians under Don Gaspar de Portolá led a southward expedition in 1721, the depopulated peninsula became a prime spot for a Castilian settlement. At that date, San Francisco was founded, first as a missionary outpost, but it later became an important port due to its tactical location and perfect natural harbor. From its foundation, the port grew into New Castile's/Pacifica's important cultural center, much like Cidade de Anjos did in Portuguese Santa Ana. The city was also the center of modern thinking and liberalism in the colony, as it was the site of an anarchist rebellion in 1790 known as De Moura's Rebellion. When the Fernandista monarchists first revolted in 1846, the city was a strong Republican stronghold, but after the monarchist victory in 1849, the Fernandistas were quick to make the tactical city one of their strongholds. This was a smart decision, as even after the victory over Fernandista Pacifica by the Californian-British-Japanese coalition in 1861, the Crown of Castile was allowed to maintain control over the city proper. At around the same time, the Fernandistas, low on workers, began contracting Chinese laborers via the Japanese to build the Transcontinental Railroad, a project joint-developed by California, the First Peoples Confederation, and the British Empire. In 1883, though, the city was fully ceded to California, and became one of that country's most important cities. Still an important city of California today, it retains many historic buildings, and is a popular tourist destination due to its architecture, surroundings, and mild climate.
Louisville - Like many of the cities of the lands originally explored by the Dutch (after the Native Americans, that is), this city has its roots in German-Dutch culture. The city was originally founded as Lodewijkstad, named after its founder, Lodewijk van Bergen, in 1700. After the Dutch defeat in the Vespuccian Revolution, many cities in the nation changed their names from the Dutch to the German versions, so Lodewijkstad became Ludwigstadt sometime in the 1720's or 1730's. During this time, Ludwigstadt became a significant trading center along the Ohio River, and its ports welcomed many laborers from British North America. In 1824, Ludwigstadt was the center of Kentucky's Neo-Platonist rebellion, and even a few years later the lingering Neo-Platonists were a bane for the city. While all of this happened, the city saw an influx of ex-British and Scots-Irish immigration, mostly due to famine and (later) pro-Prydain sentiments in a place that was staunchly pro-monarchy. By the time of the Vespuccian League's fall in 1869, the city was largely English and Irish, though the city's German culture remained as an elite minority. During the rule of the McCoy family in Kentucky (1869-1882), Louisville grew as an industrial center along the Ohio River, competing with British North America's Cincinnati, despite the toil the city took during the Hatfield-McCoy War. This war, however, helped the establishment of factories and housing in the city, which, even under the subsequent French occupation, led to population increase and economic growth. What also happened after this war is, like many other cities that were incorporated into French Louisiana, the city underwent a pro-Francophone name change in an attempt to erase the city's German history. The name was immediately changed from Ludwigstadt to Louisville in 1882.
Santa Fe - In the last decade of the 18th century, missionaries from Portuguese Santa Ana trekked inland across the Mojave and Sonora deserts to establish mission outposts in order to introduce Catholicism into the Native American lands. One of these prominent settlements was Santa Fé, a small fortress established on the border of the First Peoples Confederation in 1797. Though Santa Fé remained outside the de facto territory of Portugal (and indeed the de jure territory for most of its history), the Portuguese population thrived there as Santa Fe was a dominant center of trade that linked Portuguese Santa Ana with French Louisiana. When the Mexica settled the region in the 1860's, Santa Fé was easily the largest settlement with an estimated population of 4,500. The Portuguese missionary class maintained power in the city, even as ""pioneers" arrived from the Euro-American states and the historic lands of the Mexica Empire alike. Santa Fé bore the brunt of the Navajo war against the Mexica, and many Portuguese fled to France to escape persecution by the Navajo occupiers. As few returned or remained after the war, a culture of primarily Euro-American origins began to manifest and grow strong. Santa Fe (thereafter without the accent) became New Mexico's capital upon the state's foundation in 1976. Today, the city continues to take pride in its Iberian origin and history.
Truth or Consequences - Not including earlier settlement by indigenous peoples and empires, the region was first explored by French freebooters and explorers in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The modern city was originally a passage point known for its mineral spring, and thus when the Mexica Empire began to seek refuge to the north in the 1860's, they encountered a small population of Frenchmen. The Mexica allowed the Frenchmen to remain, and like many cities in the northern frontier of the revitalized Mexica Empire, the ethnic composition was mostly European-descended. Truth or Consequences became the town's name after its foundation (and this is a translation from the Nahautl name). It was invaded during the Navajo Expansion, and was subsequently rebuilt and repopulated by Anglophone immigrants mostly from the Louisianan districts of Missouri and Kentucky (like the rest of the post-Navajo Southwest).
Fayetteville - After the 1718 Treaty of Vienna, which brought a conclusion to the Great Northern War and the Vespuccian War of Independence, Baron Albrecht Von Meiss managed to acquire a large portion of Dutch Karolina for the Union of Ten Thousand Mountains. Within this land, at the time known as Neu Schwyz, the small hamlet of jut two homesteads known as Sukidi (founded in 1691) was quickly transformed into the town of Kruisingbeck. During Neu Schwyz' existence as a semi-autonomous joint colonial territory, Kruisingbeck was the third largest city (behind Willemstadt and Neu Bern, respectively), but was always important due to the presence of Fort Brunn, Neu Schwyz' largest military outpost. Kruisingbeck's transition from Neu Schwyz to Noordkarolina was peaceful, and it was easily incorporated into Karolina after the 1856 reforms. After the Hatfield-McCoy War and the following Anglicifation of Carolinhe city's name was changed to "Fayetteville" after Wallace Fayette, an important Anglo-Vespuccian of the late 18th century. Once the British left in 1893, Carolina was left in a mess of increased racial and ethnic tension, and Fayetteville was the site of lynch mobs in 1898 and 1906. Racial violence, economic stagnation, and poor working conditions helped the foundation of the communist regime in 1919, and Fayetteville was always one of the more pro-communist cities. Unlike other major Carolinian cities, Fayetteville did not see name change during the communist rule, and after 1970, the city remained much the same. It still is an important military site, now for the United States.
Chillicothe - British settlers first named this small outpost as Chillicothe in 1797. It became the capital of the independent Republic of Ohio in 1893 and remained so until the creation of the Great Lakes Peoples Federation in 1932, after which Columbus was made the new capital of the state. It survived the revolution in Ohio as a rather peaceful Ohio city; it is now known affectionately as "Ohio's First Capital" and "Tree City USA".
Cincinnati - Founded in 1790 by British settlers, its strategic position on the Ohio River made it an appealing industrial center. Starting in the 1830's it was known as Porkopolis, though its steel industry was strong as well. In the next decade, many German immigrants and migrant workers arrived in the city, giving it the nickname "Little Düsseldorf". As the 19th century turned into the 20th century, Cleveland's more modern manufacturing industry caused Cincinnati to lag behind.
Columbus - Though the British founded this city in 1811, it remained somewhat small until the beginning of the 1900's, when, under the booming Republic of Ohio, it became a rising industrial center. As a center of modernization (and much more in comparison to Cincinnati and Cleveland), it became the capital of the Great Lakes Peoples Federation state of Ohio in 1932. While other Ohioan cities began to show the bruises of deindustrialization, Columbus successfully modernized, and it was for this reason that the city of Columbus remains as Ohio's capital to this day.
Hilton Head Island - The area was first mapped by the Dahomean colonizers in the early 1500s, and the island soon became the site of several cotton farms. As these farms grew, so did the population, with the city of Owu being founded in 1554. Owu became a popular vacation and rest site for Dahomey-over-the-Sea's slave-owning elite, both African and European. After Nnamani's rule over Dahomey-over-the-Sea, the city was basically purchased by the cotton tycoon Alexander Hilton in 1818, who named it Hilton Head the following year. Hilton Head, not having strong African influences in architecture (unlike other settlements in the area), became a hub on English culture. Even throughout various wars and the communist takeover, the city remained "Hilton Head Island". In the 1970's, with the fall of communism in Carolina, Hilton Head became an extremely popular tourist destination, and remains so today. The city is also known for its Gullah culture, the result of the emancipation of the slaves in 1859.
Myrtle Beach - Though Dahomey was the first nation to explore the region in the very early 1500's, the Dutch were the first to establish permanent settlements, with small outposts being founded by 1600. One of these outposts was known as Mirtlestrand, founded in 1618, and was prominent for several reasons. For one, its population consisted of a high amount of Catholic Swiss and Franconian Germans, who would eventually settle farther north in coming decades. In addition, it was home to a large Catholic mission and a significant Italian population, being the only major port in pre-Vespuccia like that. As Mirtlestrand was an important Catholic city and had little ties with the Dutch, it was easily taken by the Pope after the Great Northern War as per the 1718 Treaty of Vienna. Lido Mirto (the Italian name for the Dutch port) and its surrounding areas became a Papal outpost, remaining a possession of the Vatican until 1833, when the now-powerful Vespuccian League appropriated the Church lands with little opposition. Under de jure Vespuccian rule, Lido Mirto (to become Myrtle Beach in 1847), like many other cities of Karolina, saw a gradual Anglification that was virtually complete by 1883. The Baptist and Anglophone Myrtle Beach would become a major resort town by 2013.
Port Royal - Before the Age of Colonization, the land was inhabited by both Siouan and Muskogean peoples. On August 11th, 1492, a Dahomean exploration vessel, led by Semeo Dofo, made a landing in a secluded estuary in what is now South Carolina. Seeing the land as perfect for settlement, Dofo initiated colonization by the Republic of Dahomey, resulting in the creation of the city of Welcome Port and the colony of Dahomey-over-the-Sea (both retroactive English renderings of Fon names) soon thereafter. From its inception until the late 1700's, Welcome Port was the hub of the slave trade, with most of America's African-descended slaves having passed through the city at least for a portion of their journey across the Atlantic. Welcome Port was known for its rich African culture and powerful African elite, many being owners of African and even Irish servants. However, starting with the tenure of John S. Nnamani as colonial governer of Dahomey-over-the-Sea, Welcome Port's African culture gradually yielded to a European/Creole one. In the next century, Dahomey-over-the-Sea's assets were pretty much in the hands of the German, Dutch, and English aristocrats of Vespuccia. In 1856, the Vespuccian government dissolved Dahomey-over-the-Sea, and slavery was abolished soon afterward, resulting in the dissipation of the local African aristocracy's authority. When the Vespuccian League dissolved in 1869, Welcome Port became an administrative center for the Hatfleid family, with them emulating Virginia's English culture on the area. During the Hatfield-McCoy War, Welcome Port was sieged by Anglo-French forces. The war catalyzed the change of Welcome Port. After the war, in accordance with English city renaming, the city of Welcome Port became Port Royal in 1883. Becoming a minor city, Port Royal's name was changed once again, this time to Holmes City, under the communist Carolina government in the year 1924. The remaining African structures which didn't survive Nnamani's Europeanization, the dissolution of Dahomey-over-the-Sea, or the Hatfield McCoy War (a very small number indeed) were demolished during the communist era, with the proletariat seeing them as symbols of Dahomey's mercantilist and pro-slavery policies. Carolina abandoned communism and joined the United States in 1971, and the city's name was changed back to Port Royal. Nowadays it is a rather small city in South Carolina, shadowed by Chaleston, Myrtle Beach, and Hilton Head Island.
Seattle - The city was founded as the settlement of Seátel in 1698, with its name stemming from Si'ahl, a Suquamish leader who helped broker initial relations between the Castilians and Cayuse trade network over a decade earlier. Colonial Seátel was an important port and point from which further explorations of the north were conducted. During the Fernandista Revolution in Pacifica, Seátel was a conservative Republican holdout, being the last city to fall in 1849. The aggression of and distrust towards the Fernandistas by Japan and Britain (and later California) led to a joint Anglo-Californian-Japanese invasion of Fernandista Pacifica. Seátel saw itself conquered by Japan in a swift 1861 battle, showing the quick technological advances of Japan. The Japanese era of Seátel was one of frequent unrest yet rapid development. The city, renamed 背跡 (Seato), saw its Castilian colonial legacy dismantled in favor of modern and Anglo-Dutch-influenced architecture, a hallmark of post-Civil War Japan. However, the question of Castilian citizenship was hotly debated among Japanese officials: the liberals favored naturalization as Japanese, while the conservatives favored deportation to British North America and the Northern Federation. As ethnic tensions between Japanese and locals grew, Japanese colonial aggression did as well, prompting the First Cascadian-Japanese War in 1907, in which the Northern Federation took Seato, quickly renaming it Seattle. Under its new leadership, the much-despised Japanese legacy was quickly dismantled, and with the passage of the 1913 Seattle Citizenship Act, the citizens of lands conquered from the Japanese (not Japanese residents themselves, though, who mostly immigrated to lands still held by Japan), locals were naturalized as Northern Federation citizens. As the Northern Federation was an English-speaking nation, Seattle and its residents were introduced to English-language administration and education. The change was successful due to its gradual implementation, much unlike the rapid, sweeping changes made by Japan. In 1922, Seattle saw itself attacked by Japan during the Second Cascadian-Japanese War, though the damages were minimal. Seattle became a favorite area to settle for westward migrants and especially those fleeing from communist regimes out east during the 1930s and 1940s. During the fall of the Japanese Empire, Seattle was an important location for defense. Nowadays, Seattle is known for a liberal city in the United States of America.
I've thought about making a TL like this about California before, where it's discovered earlier and develops a bit more. Nice to see this!
If it's any more incentive towards reading it, that's also part of Historiae Mutetur.
ANARCHIST SAN FRANCISCO AAAAAAAH I LOVE THIS WHOLE THING
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