Eine Veränderte Welt: A Changed World

1952 United States presidential election; The 22nd Amendment: An overview
1952 wikipeg.jpg
The 1952 United States presidential election was the 40th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 4, 1952. This was the first presidential election following the Second Constitutional Convention (1949-1951), thus being the first presidential election that had a direct popular vote for president since the passage of the 22nd Amendment which changed the process, among other things, for electing the president and vice president. This would be the first election that required a contingent election for president since 1825, and a contingent election for vice president since 1837. Incumbent President John Nance Garner was defeated by his vice president, Henry A. Wallace, making Wallace the second incumbent vice president in U.S. history to successfully challenge and defeat the incumbent president in a presidential election after Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams in the 1800 election.

The popularity of President Garner had steadily fallen throughout his term. He maintained support in the Democratic-Progressive alliance by supporting the Second Constitutional Convention and electoral reform. Garner's moderate and compromise approach to the Second Reconstruction, especially with southern leaders, resulted in the Progressive leaving the alliance and challenging the Democrats in 1952. Garner maintained the military governorships in every state, much to protest to both leftist and southern civil governors and politicians. Garner attempted negotiations to reunite with the Pacific States and New England, but neither the Pacific States nor the New England states voted to reunite in referendums that were held in 1947.

With the collapse of the Democratic-Progressive alliance, much of the leftist parties had now fractured even more. While the Federal and Republican party's united to form the Federal Republican party. Both the Democrats and Federal Republicans advocated increased participation in foreign affairs and interventionism, especially in the Americas, when it's to maintain U.S. interests. The Socialist Labor party officially renamed their party, slightly, to the Social Labor party to further disassociate with the more radical socialists that were still conducting, but minor, attacks against military forces nearing the end of the Jacquerie period.

The Second Constitutional Convention was called to dramatically reform the U.S. Constitution following the 1948 election, especially MacArthur's Rebellion. Many Federal leaders after the Second American Civil War attempted to return to the United States governance before the civil war and the 1936 election, but the continual militant attacks from both socialists and nationalists of the Jacquerie period after the surrender of the Longist government and collapse of the Pelley government since 1945 showed most politicians the necessity to dramatically amend the Constitution. The Convention ratified the 22nd Amendment which changed the election process for the president, largely abolishing the Electoral College for directly electing the president and vice president and replacing it with a direct popular vote. If no candidate achieves over 50% percent of the popular vote the top two candidates advance to a contingent election to elect the president and vice president.

President Garner and Vice President Wallace, along with their running mates, would advance to the contingent election after both gained the most votes in the general election. Wallace would gain a majority in the House Electoral College, defeating president Garner. While Wallace's running mate, North Dakota civilian governor Norman Brunsdale of the Nonpartisan League, was defeated by Estes Kefauver, the running mate of Garner and a senator for Tennessee, in the Senate Electoral College. This is mainly due to Garner/Kefauver winning more states than Wallace/Brunsdale. With Kefauver as vice president and the Senate not in the Progressive alliance control, Wallace and the Progressives were unable to implement much of their social welfare reforms until the Senate was won by the Progressive alliance after the 1954 midterm elections. Wallace would become the first elected president to not be a Democrat or Republican since Zachary Taylor was elected in 1848 as a Whig.

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Electors voting methods by the state in the 1952 U.S. contingent election

Winner-take-all: In the case of a contingent election this states' electors are to vote for the candidate that won the most votes in that state, if the candidate that won the most votes in the state in the general election doesn't advance to the contingent, the electors are to vote for the candidate that is endorsed by the vote winner.
Percentage-based: State legislatures appoint a percentage of their electors as close to the popular vote percentage of each candidate. These electors are pledged to the said candidate, for those candidates that don't advance to the contingent their electors are unpledged and can vote for either candidate, but can vote based on the endorsement by the candidate they were originally pledged to.
1952 voting method.png

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The Second Constitutional Convention: 4 July 1949-4 July 1951

Newly admitted states: (3 July 1951)
- Lincoln
- Rio Grande
- Sequoyah
- Columbia [District of], technically not a state but has the territorial and governmental status as if it were one
- States to represent more conservative and rural regions in the Senate and to compromise with the increased voting suffrage and desegregation in the southern states. Sequoyah is admitted to represent Native Americans.
- The states of Idaho, Montana, Oklahoma, and Texas agree to alter their states' borders to accommodate the new states

The 22nd Amendment: An overview
- Every citizen has the right to vote so long as they are constitutionally eligible and have not taken action against the law or Constitution.
- The presidential and vice presidential term is to begin on January 30, along with the Congress.
- A general election for president is held every 4 years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November.
- The president will run on a joint ticket with a vice presidential candidate of their choosing.
- The general election, and any voters throughout the country for any election, is to have universal suffrage for all citizens that are over 18 years of age by the day of the election, and those who are not or formally imprisoned.
- The general election is a direct popular vote nationwide, with the presidential ticket which received over 50% of the popular vote becoming the president-elect and vice president-elect.
- In the case that no presidential ticket is able to achieve over 50% of the popular vote in the general election a contingent election is to be held between the top 2 popular vote earners in the general election.
- The contingent election for president and vice president is, if necessary, to be held on the last Tuesday of November.
- Each states legislature is to select the electors for the Electoral College for the contingent election, and are responsible for the laws that govern their states' electors.
- Electors aren't to be in employment, service, or under the pay of any level of the United States or states government and are eligible to vote.
- The Electoral College consists of the Electoral College for the House [of Representatves] and the Electoral College for the Senate.
- The House Electoral College consists of electors from each state, with each state allocated a number of electors that are the same as that states' House of Representatives apportionment, its responsibility is to vote for president.
- The presidential candidate that receives the majority of electors in the House Electoral College becomes the president-elect.
- The Senate Electoral College consists of electors from each state, with each state allocated 2 electors to match their states' senatorial apportionment, its responsibility is to vote for vice president.
- The vice presidential candidate that receives the majority of electors in the Senate Electoral College becomes the vice president-elect


[1] The States’ Rights party electors abstained, their votes aren’t counted but are shown on the map.
 
Last edited:
View attachment 711836The 1952 United States presidential election was the 40th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 4, 1952. This was the first presidential election following the Second Constitutional Convention (1949-1951), thus being the first presidential election that had a direct popular vote for president since the passage of the 22nd Amendment which changed the process, among other things, for electing the president and vice president. This would be the first election that required a contingent election for president since 1825, and a contingent election for vice president since 1837. Incumbent President John Nance Garner was defeated by his vice president, Henry A. Wallace, making Wallace the second incumbent vice president in U.S. history to successfully challenge and defeat the incumbent president in a presidential election after Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams in the 1800 election.

The popularity of President Garner had steadily fallen throughout his term. He maintained support in the Democratic-Progressive alliance by supporting the Second Constitutional Convention and electoral reform. Garner's moderate and compromise approach to the Second Reconstruction, especially with southern leaders, resulted in the Progressive leaving the alliance and challenging the Democrats in 1952. Garner maintained the military governorships in every state, much to protest to both leftist and southern civil governors and politicians. Garner attempted negotiations to reunite with the Pacific States and New England, but neither the Pacific States nor the New England states voted to reunite in referendums that were held in 1947.

With the collapse of the Democratic-Progressive alliance, much of the leftist parties had now fractured even more. While the Federal and Republican party's united to form the Federal Republican party. Both the Democrats and Federal Republicans advocated increased participation in foreign affairs and interventionism, especially in the Americas, when it's to maintain U.S. interests. The Socialist Labor party officially renamed their party, slightly, to the Social Labor party to further disassociate with the more radical socialists that were still conducting, but minor, attacks against military forces nearing the end of the Jacquerie period.

The Second Constitutional Convention was called to dramatically reform the U.S. Constitution following the 1948 election, especially MacArthur's Rebellion. Many Federal leaders after the Second American Civil War attempted to return to the United States governance before the civil war and the 1936 election, but the continual militant attacks from both socialists and nationalists of the Jacquerie period after the surrender of the Longist government and collapse of the Pelley government since 1945 showed most politicians the necessity to dramatically amend the Constitution. The Convention ratified the 22nd Amendment which changed the election process for the president, largely abolishing the Electoral College for directly electing the president and vice president and replacing it with a direct popular vote. If no candidate achieves over 50% percent of the popular vote the top two candidates advance to a contingent election to elect the president and vice president.

President Garner and Vice President Wallace, along with their running mates, would advance to the contingent election after both gained the most votes in the general election. Wallace would gain a majority in the House Electoral College, defeating president Garner. While Wallace's running mate, North Dakota civilian governor Norman Brunsdale of the Nonpartisan League, was defeated by Estes Kefauver, the running mate of Garner and a senator for Tennessee, in the Senate Electoral College. This is mainly due to Garner/Kefauver winning more states than Wallace/Brunsdale. With Kefauver as vice president and the Senate not in the Progressive alliance control, Wallace and the Progressives were unable to implement much of their social welfare reforms until the Senate was won by the Progressive alliance after the 1954 midterm elections. Wallace would become the first elected president to not be a Democrat or Republican since Zachary Taylor was elected in 1848 as a Whig.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Electors voting methods by the state in the 1952 U.S. contingent election

Winner-take-all: In the case of a contingent election this states' electors are to vote for the candidate that won the most votes in that state, if the candidate that won the most votes in the state in the general election doesn't advance to the contingent, the electors are to vote for the candidate that is endorsed by the vote winner.
Percentage-based: State legislatures appoint a percentage of their electors as close to the popular vote percentage of each candidate. These electors are pledged to the said candidate, for those candidates that don't advance to the contingent their electors are unpledged and can vote for either candidate, but can vote based on the endorsement by the candidate they were originally pledged to.View attachment 711834
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The Second Constitutional Convention: 4 July 1949-4 July 1951

Newly admitted states: (3 July 1951)
- Lincoln
- Rio Grande
- Sequoyah
- Columbia [District of], technically not a state but has the territorial and governmental status as if it were one
- States to represent more conservative and rural regions in the Senate and to compromise with the increased voting suffrage and desegregation in the southern states. Sequoyah is admitted to represent Native Americans.
- The states of Idaho, Montana, Oklahoma, and Texas agree to alter their states' borders to accommodate the new states

The 22nd Amendment: An overview
- Every citizen has the right to vote so long as they are constitutionally eligible and have not taken action against the law or Constitution.
- The presidential and vice presidential term is to begin on January 30, along with the Congress.
- A general election for president is held every 4 years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November.
- The president will run on a joint ticket with a vice presidential candidate of their choosing.
- The general election, and any voters throughout the country for any election, is to have universal suffrage for all citizens that are over 18 years of age by the day of the election, and those who are not or formally imprisoned.
- The general election is a direct popular vote nationwide, with the presidential ticket which received over 50% of the popular vote becoming the president-elect and vice president-elect.
- In the case that no presidential ticket is able to achieve over 50% of the popular vote in the general election a contingent election is to be held between the top 2 popular vote earners in the general election.
- The contingent election for president and vice president is, if necessary, to be held on the last Tuesday of November.
- Each states legislature is to select the electors for the Electoral College for the contingent election, and are responsible for the laws that govern their states' electors.
- Electors aren't to be in employment, service, or under the pay of any level of the United States or states government and are eligible to vote.
- The Electoral College consists of the Electoral College for the House [of Representatves] and the Electoral College for the Senate.
- The House Electoral College consists of electors from each state, with each state allocated a number of electors that are the same as that states' House of Representatives apportionment, its responsibility is to vote for president.
- The presidential candidate that receives the majority of electors in the House Electoral College becomes the president-elect.
- The Senate Electoral College consists of electors from each state, with each state allocated 2 electors to match their states' senatorial apportionment, its responsibility is to vote for vice president.
- The vice presidential candidate that receives the majority of electors in the Senate Electoral College becomes the vice president-elect


[1] The States’ Rights party electors abstained, their votes aren’t counted but are shown on the map.
Well, I need to say that it's very well made wikibox! nice to see some new states.
 
2022 Cascadian House of Representative Election
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The 2022 Cascadian House of Representative Election was held on 10 May 2022. No political party achieved a majority in the election. The Conservative party won a plurality of seats in the House, only 14 seats from a majority. Incumbent Prime Minister Bill Gates III decided not to run for reelection after serving for nearly 19 years since 2003. The Social Democratic Party (the merger of the Democratic, Labor, and Green parties) lost 26 seats in the election. Without a party achieving a majority negotiations between the parties would occur; a single party hasn’t attained a majority since the implementation of the Mixed-Member Proportional (MMP) in 2007.

The Social Democrats had formed in 2020 under the leadership of prime minister Bill Gates III. The two years prior to the election he had experienced immense public controversy due to his divorce from his wife Melinda and his accusations of corruption. All resulted in the dramatic fall in popularity of the Social Democrats and the splintering and reformation of the Green party. Support for the Conservatives, which have served in official opposition since 2003, and the Republicans grew during this time.

The Conservatives under the Electoral Reform and Representation Act have the first right to form a government as the plurality party within a month following the election. If failing to do so the second-largest party (the Social Democrats) has two weeks to do the same. After that period but before two months after the election no governing coalition is made the Governor-General is reserved the right to call new elections, with simple majority support from the Senate, or “compel parties into a coalition for a minimum of one year.”
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[a] Out of the Voting Age Population (VAP).
Previously served as the leader of the Green party prior to the merger of the Social Democrats in 2020.

2022 Results.png
 
View attachment 743389The 2022 Cascadian House of Representative Election was held on 10 May 2022. No political party achieved a majority in the election. The Conservative party won a plurality of seats in the House, only 14 seats from a majority. Incumbent Prime Minister Bill Gates III decided not to run for reelection after serving for nearly 19 years since 2003. The Social Democratic Party (the merger of the Democratic, Labor, and Green parties) lost 26 seats in the election. Without a party achieving a majority negotiations between the parties would occur; a single party hasn’t attained a majority since the implementation of the Mixed-Member Proportional (MMP) in 2007.

The Social Democrats had formed in 2020 under the leadership of prime minister Bill Gates III. The two years prior to the election he had experienced immense public controversy due to his divorce from his wife Melinda and his accusations of corruption. All resulted in the dramatic fall in popularity of the Social Democrats and the splintering and reformation of the Green party. Support for the Conservatives, which have served in official opposition since 2003, and the Republicans grew during this time.

The Conservatives under the Electoral Reform and Representation Act have the first right to form a government as the plurality party within a month following the election. If failing to do so the second-largest party (the Social Democrats) has two weeks to do the same. After that period but before two months after the election no governing coalition is made the Governor-General is reserved the right to call new elections, with simple majority support from the Senate, or “compel parties into a coalition for a minimum of one year.”
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[a] Out of the Voting Age Population (VAP).
Previously served as the leader of the Green party prior to the merger of the Social Democrats in 2020.

Interesting times for Cascadia ahead!
 
[NEW] Presidents and Vice Presidents of the United States and Federated States
New US Presidents.peg.jpg

[a] Died in office of natural causes.
[b) President died, succeeded to the presidency.
[c] Served in an acting capacity, therefore not counted as an official president.
[d] Stimson, as Secretary of State, succeeded President Curtis following his death under terms of the Presidential Succession Act of 1886, 24 Stat. 1.
[e] MacArthur and Eisenhower, as military generals, aren’t officially seen as presidents or even acting presidents in a technical capacity given their method for achieving office through the idea of Military-Democratic Interventionism. Unlike Stimson, both are considered “Commander-in-Chief” by historians and governmental institutions.
New FS Presidents.png

[a] Resigned from office.
 
View attachment 743757
[a] Died in office of natural causes.
[b) President died, succeeded to the presidency.
[c] Served in an acting capacity, therefore not counted as an official president.
[d] Stimson, as Secretary of State, succeeded President Curtis following his death under terms of the Presidential Succession Act of 1886, 24 Stat. 1.
[e] MacArthur and Eisenhower, as military generals, aren’t officially seen as presidents or even acting presidents in a technical capacity given their method for achieving office through the idea of Military-Democratic Interventionism. Unlike Stimson, both are considered “Commander-in-Chief” by historians and governmental institutions.
View attachment 743756
[a] Resigned from office.
I love this reworked list! A lot of effort was put into making it.
 
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