True, except that right now they aren't claiming to be breaking away from Rome, merely that a pope hasn't been properly chosen and thus that the seat of St. Peter remains vacant. They are merely caretaking the church until a proper pope is chosen. Of course, they are taking the opportunity to bring the Catholic Church in their nations in line with the policies of the state. They also are in no hurry to see a resolution of the 'vacant papacy'. The laity are more in fear of crossing their own leaders than the Vatican, and as the world economy worsens and theirs are staying, at least on the surface, more stable, they are even becoming complacent about it. I should point out also that both Prussia-Poland and Austria-Hungary have much more conservative populations, and to a degree, clergy, then the rest of Europe at this time. While places like France, Germany, Naples, and Italy are celebrating the elevation of a good, liberal pope, the Eastern Europeans are not happy about it. While the methods may be questioned, many of the laity in those nations and the clergy would like to see a more conservative Bishop of Rome. While that would be one possibility, they aren't announcing that as the actuality, and they have much more sophisticated centralization going in their nations than a medieval king would have had. And you will note that Henry still was able to do it without an actual civil war erupting. They did. They are also obviously wrong. But they are still claiming it. This is not a legal trick, it is a pretext. For those in the West it is obvious. Given how much the crowns of Eastern Europe are now controling the message in their own nations, they are giving enough 'room for doubt' to their populations that they are by and large choosing the easy route of doing nothing. And the ones who do are being silenced pretty quickly. An interesting idea, but have cardinals ever been ejected from a conclave?