Spanish Civil War
The unexpected appearance of the third way of socialism did occur in Spain during the late 1930s. Short - ten months' long civil war between rebellious reactionaries of the Spanish Armed Forces and the leftist government of the Spanish Republic ended as it began - with a treachery of the parts of military that toppled fascist usurpers and caused internal infighting between the Spanish national syndicalists and German-supported fascists. On April 1937, Republican forces stood triumphant over the brown forces of capitalism. However, it was not enough to destroy last vestiges of capitalism. May of 1937, a month of change within the political and economical life of the Iberian Peninsula brought yet another, more peaceful revolution that had ended the anarcho-syndicalism struggle in Spain - Catalonia and other smaller regions dominated by the anarchists of CNT (Confederación Nacional del Trabajo) successfully resisted Soviet attempts to establish the Leninisque dictatorship of proletariat, taking over the government. Within next few months - until the end of the year, syndicalist communes slowly overcame conservative opposition and took over the country. An alliance of CNT-FAI, Libertarian Youth and Workers' Party of Marxist Unification had expelled their Stalinist enemies and started to organize the true proletarian society on the Iberian Peninsula.
Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, President of the Council of Ministers of Portugal was a very troubled man. His anti-liberal, anti-socialist, anti-communist and anti-anarchist nationalist regime found itself in a very precarious situation after the May Days of 1937. He knew that he could rely on the support of the most anti-communist forces in Europe, however, they were concentrated in a Germany, which was in turn hostile to the birthplace of capitalism - Great Britain and even the United States as both countries watched in horror as the center of Europe descended into black shade of fascism. If he wanted to rely on the old Entente powers, it could have been difficult too - all of these countries experienced or were experiencing growing unrest of the left-wing activist. One of them, France under socialist-communist government of the Popular Front even supported Republican side of the Spanish Civil War. United Kingdom was in disarray after abdication of king Edward - man regarded as a more hostile to socialism than his successor George. Further militarization of Portuguese society have led Salazar to seek Fascist aid - Benito Mussolini was more than pleased to stop socialist expansion in the Mediterranean Sea, regarded as the Italian sphere of influence. While initially hostile to the "pagan Ceasarism", Emídio Santana with his plot to assassinate the Prime Minister was one of the events that had changed Salazar and transformed him from authoritarian nationalist into a Fascist.
Joseph Stalin was not a man easy to please. Not at all - especially following the bloody aftermath of the Spanish Civil War that had convinced Stalin of the anti-Soviet alliance of Western Powers. Abomination of Earth - the Fascists were everywhere. Italy was the first to fall. Next was Germany. Now, the Spanish Republic - state ripe for socialism fell to the social fascist forces. Not even they deluded their workers of freedom - they had expelled the true and only followers of Marx and Lenin. However, Spain was less relevant in the fight of world proletariat. Here, in the Soviet Union, Fascists had made their move to corrupt and discredit the Red Army of Workers' Peasants' and Soldiers'. But the worst of them were the closest friends of Stalin - Semyon Budyonny, who had sabotaged war effort of the armed forces by trying to favour outdated cavalry over newest tank designs. Grigory Kulik's military expertise remained on the levels of the early war of the Russian Revolution. Mikhail Tukhachevsky - that little Napoleonchik, who Stalin regarded as a traitor was in fact innocent victim of the neo-Tsarist conspiracy at the highest levels of military forces. Saved at the last days of his imprisonment he was released and given the post of the People's Commissar of Defence. Previous occupant,. Kliment Voroshilov ended, together with Nikolai Yezhov in the court, during the Case of the Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military Organization. Deep Operation Doctrine will export the Revolution to the other countries when it will be possible. Until then, the Icebreaker had to be pressed against social fascist countries of France and the Great Britain.
Sail Mohamed, an Algerian political thinker and anarchist celebrated victory of the CNT-FAI in Barcelona, the capital city of Spanish anarchism. For him, inequality seen previously in the French colonial empire had ceased to exist in a new Spain. No one was a master or a slave. There was no wage slavery - every worker was equal and received as much compensation for his labor as he worked. Spanish, French, Algerians, blacks and Slavs all worked together for the brighter future. Such equality would be ideal for his country, torn by colonialism and invasions from European countries. Fascism would not save his country. Stalinism would be a betrayal of workers. Liberal democracy, as seen in France and other countries of Europe and America would be a wage slavery and domination of the rich. Only anarcho-syndicalism would save Algeria and every oppressed people on Earth.
With a one year of delay, People's Olympiad was organized in Barcelona, between July 19 to 26, 1937 with athletes coming from the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and French Algeria.