German migration to Russia: I quote, the following passage: “The Germans migrated to Russia in several waves, all spurred by promises of jobs and land from the Tsars. The first period of migration from Germany to Russia occurred between 1533-1584 under Ivan the Terrible, who hired a wide variety of tradesmen to build up Moscow. The second wave of immigrants came between 1672-1725 under Tsar Peter the Great. By that time, there were 50,000 Germans living in St. Petersburg. The third wave was a result of Catherine the Great’s attempt to buffer the eastern parts of the empire against Asiatic tribes. Alexander I continued this endeavour. Germans poured into Russia between 1762 and 1796, and waves continued after that. Many went to the Volga and Black Sea regions (see map 1). By 1897, there were almost 2 million people of German descent in Russia. Part of the appeal for the Germans to move to Russia is tied to conditions of their the settlement as set out by Catherine the Great in 1763. According to historian Richard Sallet, for about a century after this, Germans in Russia were entitled to: Religious liberty Tax exemptions for ten years in cities and thirty years on the land Exemption from military service or civil service, against their will, for all time Cash grants for the purchase of buildings and cattle Equality with native Russians Exemptions on import duty for colonists up to 300 rubles per family in addition to the moveable property of each family Permission of professional people to join guilds and unions in the Russian empire All lands allotted for the settlement of colonists were to be given for eternal time, not however as personal property but as the communal property of each colony Settlers were permitted to depart at any time after payment of a portion of assets they had acquired in the Russian empire. The houses the Germans built in Russia were typically one story in height, and usually made of sandstone, limestone or brick. The walls were stuccoed on the outside and whitewashed on the inside. The gable end of houses faced the straight village street, which was up to one hundred yards wide. The Germanic people were industrious and used their surroundings to their advantage. For example, in forest regions of the Volga, such as the Volhynian region, the buildings were largely constructed with wood. The distinctive features of particular settlements resulted from clusters of families coming either from particular regions in Germany, from a particular religious background, or often both. Eventually, there were over three thousand distinctive Germanic settlements in Russia. While these settlements differed in terms of their religion and particularly features, the settlers shared the native German language and held on to many German customs, at least initially. By 1871, when Tsar Alexander II revoked the privileges granted to the German-Russians under Catherine the Great’s charter, some accommodation to Russian language and lifeways had occurred but the swift action prompted many of Germanic descent to migrate again in search of new opportunities.” Proposal: This information explains that the German migration was very sporadic going into Russia. The migration occurring in waves over a long period of time probably did not help smaller German communities to grow because the migration was not concentrated in one location. The best analogy to draw from this problem is the German settling on the Rhine and how they industrialized the area in the 19th century. The Russian equivalent is the Volga River which encompasses the Volga basin and would go on to hold a large amount of Russian population. Therefore it is ironic that the only large German settlement in Russia settled on the Volga River. (Volga Germans) The only real problem is to settle the Volga River you need millions of Germans to migrate. I am thinking about 5 million, I came up with the idea that somehow the Thirty Years war does not happen resulting in higher German population by 1762. If the migration can happen without the Thirty Years war happening then great but it will be down to something else other than a higher German population. Looking forward if the Germans become self-sustaining within Russia and begin building a ‘society’ they could build the Volga-Don canal connecting the Volga and Don Rivers and begin populating the Don River towards the Sea of Azov. There were plans in the late 1690s and early 1700 but nothing materialized. The Don River includes Rostov-On-Don and Volgodonsk. This scenario is basically German migration towards the east without ethnic cleansing, just getting there before the Russians do. Tsaritsyn (Volgograd) was a great migration target. According to the census in 1720, the city had a population of 408 people. In 1773 the city became a provincial and district town. From 1779 it belonged to the Saratov Viceroyalty. In 1780 the city came under the newly-established Saratov Governorate. Information relating to population: Thirty years war casualties: 3,000,000 (low estimate) - 11,500,000 (high estimate) - 5,673,870 - (Geometric mean estimate) I quote, the following passage: “The Thirty Years War resulted in eight million fatalities not only from military engagements but also from violence, famine, and plague. Casualties were overwhelmingly and disproportionately inhabitants of the Holy Roman Empire, most of the rest being battle deaths from various foreign armies. The deadly clashes ravaged Europe; 20 percent of the total population of Germany died during the conflict and there were losses up to 50 percent in a corridor between Pomerania and the Black Forest. In terms of proportional German casualties and destruction, it was surpassed only by the period January to May 1945; one of its enduring results was 19th-century Pan-Germanism, when it served as an example of the dangers of a divided Germany and became a key justification for the 1871 creation of the German Empire.” Russian population in 1762: 19 million Russian population in 1800: 35.5 million German population in 1700: 20 million (with the thirty years war) German population in 1762: 24-25 million (with the thirty years war) German estimate population in 1762 without the thirty years war: 29-33 million German population in 1800: 27-29 million (with the thirty years war) The light purple areas show the broad German settlement areas. Compare with the last image for comparison. The red lines show alternative settlement areas along the Volga and Don Rivers. Cities along the Volga river include Tsaritsyn, (Volgograd) Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Samara, Saratov, Tolyatti, Yaroslavl, Astrakhan, Ulyanovsk, Cheboksary and Tver. It also has hundreds of small towns. The Volga river in dark blue overlayed the Volga basin in cream. This is Volga German settlements along the Volga River. Notice Kamyshin in the bottom left-hand corner, Tsaritsyn (Volgograd) in only just down the Volga River.