I've been translating Basileus' "Interference Timeline" into English, and we've decided to post portions of the translation here in blocks of roughly one century. So, without further ado, here is the timeline: POD: ca. 1st c. AD ca. 1st c. AD - The Ligurian language and traditions prove resistant to the process of Latinization, resulting in an area of stable bilingualism between the Po and the Ligurian Sea. The Pictish language is born out of contact between the Iberic language of northern Britannia and Celtic Briton. The Chinese invent paper. Roman colonization of the Danube basin and the Rhine river valley. The dromedary is introduced to Egypt and the Sahara. The Kingdom of Kushan seizes control of the area between Central Asia and India. 30-33 Jesus of Nazareth preaches in Palestine. The kingdom of Osrhoene (between Syria and Cappadocia, with its capital at Edessa) is the first state to adopt Christianity, under King Abgar V Ukkama (Abgar the Black), a correspondent with and admirer of Jesus. 34 Jesus of Nazareth, called the Christ, is crucified in Jerusalem as a blasphemer, rises from the dead after three days and ascends to heaven. His followers (the Apostles) spread Christianity. 34-44 The Romans incorporate the Jewish kingdoms of Bethany and Galilee after the death of their rulers from the dynasty of Herod. 37-47 The Parthians occupy Gordion (central Kurdistan) and subjugate Armenia, but within ten years the Romans reestablish their influence, extending it as far as Caucasian Albania (Azerbaijan). 42 There is an abortive revolt against the Roman emperor Claudius in Dalmatia. The Roman empire absorbs Mauretania. The small kingdoms of Geumgwam, Tae and Karak arise, and unite in the Kaya/Gaya Confederation, a Japanese “enclave” at the tip of the Korean peninsula. 43 The Roman empire absorbs Lycia (Southeast Asia Minor) and conquers southern Britannia. Ma Yuan, the Chinese general of the Han, conquers Tonkin and Annam, bringing about an end to the Vietnamese revolt of the Trung sisters. 44 Some natives of Hesperia (OTL America), thrown off course in their canoes by Atlantic storms, land in Lusitania/Portugal and are enslaved by Romans. Upon the death of Herod Agrippa I, king of Galilee and Perea (the eastern part of the Jordan river valley), the Romans annex the two kingdoms. 46 Thrace and Noricum are definitively incorporated into the Roman Empire. 47 The Romans exact tribute from the Frisians. 48 The vast empire of the Xiongnu/Huns is divided into northern (or western) and southern (or eastern) portions. ca. 50 The kingdom of Colchis (NW Georgia) becomes a vassal of Pontus (Tauride; OTL Crimea). The Iazyges, forerunners of the Sarmatians, are expelled from eastern Moldavia (Bessarabia) by their close relatives, the Roxolani, and occupy Slovakia, exchanging their influence there for the kingdom of Dacia. In eastern Turkestan, the kingdom of Su Lih (the region of Kashgar) is established, to escape the Tocharians/Yüeh-Ch’ih and as a close ally of Han China. 51 The Romans capture the Briton chieftain Caratacus, leader of the anti-Roman resistance. 55 After the restoration of the Arsacid Tiridates I (a member of the ruling dynasty of Parthia), the war between Parthia and Rome for supremacy over Armenia breaks out. Iberia (central Georgia) also liberates itself from Roman supremacy under other Arsacids, Bartom II and Qartam, who establish a kingdom with two kings (as in ancient Sparta). 58 An unsuccessful rebellion against the Romans in Frisia; the alliance with Rome is confirmed under the new Ubbo dynasty. 58-60 The Roman general Corbulo conquers Armenia and secures its fealty by deposing King Tiridates. ca. 60 The Iazyges establish themselves in the valley of Tibisco (Pannonia). The Kushan Empire conquers the kingdom of Suren (a vassal of the Parthians). 61 The Romans suppress the rebellion of Queen Boudicca (Boadicea) in Britannia. 62 The Parthians defeat the Romans under General Peto at Rhandeia (Armenia). The Romans seize control over Colchis (NE Georgia) as far as the Pontus. 62-68 The Cimmerian Bosphorus kingdom (Bosporon/Kerč) is briefly annexed by Rome. 63 A peace without annexations is declared between the Romans and the Parthians, who renounce all claims to Armenia; Tiridates I returns to his throne as a Roman vassal. 64 The Romans explore the Nile as far as Bahr al-Ghazal (Sudan); an enormous fire devastates Rome; the Emperor Nero, a sadistic lunatic, blames the Christians and persecutes them. 65 Unsuccessful plot of Lucius Calpurnius Piso against Nero in Rome. 66 The rebellion of the Jews breaks out in Palestine. 67 Rome reconquers Galilee from the rebellious Jews. 68-69 Suicide of Nero, end of the Julio-Claudians, and year of the Four Emperors (Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian) in Rome; Vespasian triumphs in the second battle of Bedriacum (northern Italy) and founds the Flavian dynasty. The Romans reconquer Judea and Idumea and lay siege to Jerusalem, which resists them fanatically. 69-71 The Roman legions between Batavia (Holland) and Treviri revolt; the Roxolani invade Moesia but are deflected. 70 The Roman general Titus, son of the emperor Vespasian, seizes Jerusalem and razes it to the ground, destroying its temple and putting an end to the millennial line of the High Priests (the Jewish “Popes”). ca. 70 The satrap Bhumaka of the Satakani kingdom (also known as the Satavahana or Andhra) of the Deccan establishes the supremacy of the Sakas (Scythians) as far as the western coast of India. 72 The Alans, an Iranian people of Central Asia and the eastern branch of the Sarmatians, invade the transcaucasus region, establishing themselves there. Rome definitively annexes the kingdom of Commagene (NE of Antioch). Rome defeats the Brigands of northern Britannia and forces them into submission. 73 Mass suicide of the defenders of the fortress of Masada, the last stronghold of the Jewish revolt in Palestine. 73-74 Rome conquers the Agri Decumates between the Upper Rhine, the Main, and the Danube, and subjugates the Siluri of SE Cambria / Wales. 74-76 The Chinese general Bao Yang subjugates Turkestan for the Han, but it is subsequently reclaimed by Luoyang. 78-79 King Kanishka expands the Kushan empire to its greatest extent, from Central Asia to Northern India. 79 The violent eruption of Vesuvius destroys Pompeii. 80 The Colosseum is dedicated in Rome while a plague rages. 80-97 Bao Chan, having returned to eastern Turkestan, obtains an astounding victory against the Tocharians who have not yet submitted to Han rule, and advances through Central Asia as far as the Caspian sea. ca. 80 The Kushan empire conquers the kingdom of Margiana (Turkmenistan). 83 The Romans rout the Chatten (Germany), who had migrated from Lower Saxony to Franconia. 84 The Roman general Agricola defeats the Britanni, occupies Cambria (Wales), and advances as far as Caledonia (Scotland), where he defeats the Picts under Calgacus at Mons Graupius, before retreating below the southern boundaries of Caledonia. ca. 85 The kingdom of Gurat secedes from the kingdom of Saba, which is in decline. 85-89 The Romans fight against the Dacians, who have invaded Moesia, and deflect them. 89 Saturninus, Roman legate of Germania Superior, attempts an abortive revolt. ca. 90 The ancient republic of Cherson (Sebastople) is annexed by the Cimmerian Bosphorus kingdom, a Roman vassal. 92-96 An inconclusive war is waged by the Roman emperor Domitian against the Quadi, the Marcomanni, and the Iazygi. 93 The Xianbi (ancestors of the Mongolians) defeat the northern Xiongnu (Huns), who are expelled from Mongolia into the region of Tarbagataj, between Siberia, Dzungaria, and Kazakhstan, and begin to migrate towards the west. 95 An envoy of the Han Chinese empire reaches Rome, where he speaks with Emperor Domitian prior to dying from an illness. 96 The assassination of Domitian puts an end to the Flavian dynasty in Rome. 97 The Chinese general Gan Ying briefly reaches the Persian Gulf. 98-117 The glorious reign of Trajan in the Roman Empire. ca. 100 A brief, fruitless attempt by the Romans to conquer Hibernia (Ireland). The final decline of the great Olmec civilization in Mexico. The three Tamil states of Chera (Kerala), Chola (in the southeast) and Pandya (the deep south) occupy the southern Deccan. The legendary foundation of the Funan empire, with its center on the Mekong river basin, at the hands of the Indian brahmin priest Kambu; the kingdom experiences a strong Hinduization in its culture. Axum becomes the capital of a strong Ethiopian empire. Bokhara becomes the capital of an independent Sogdian kingdom. The local kingdom of Puya arises in SW Korea. In Yemen, the kingdom of Saba is decisively conquered by Himyar; nonetheless, a number of them escape the conquest to found the kingdom of Ma’rib.