Russian goals in the war As far as I can tell, from the Russian perspective this is going to be a war about nothing of the substance. Of course, there are issues of the British offense to the Russian flag and of Holstein but none of them is substantial enough for a protracted war and this leaves an open question what Russia is going to get for the efforts. The answer is "nothing". The Holsteinian issue made some practical sense within a general framework of a failed Peter's "imperialistic" policy of extending the Russian influence on the Baltic coast but this policy was pretty much abandoned (due to the pressure from both allies and neutrals) even before the GNW was over and, anyway, Russia could not afford its continuation financially: the military expenses at the time of Peter's death were consuming between 80 and 90% of the state revenue. Catherine (being a good mother-in-law) definitely wanted to help Karl Frederic of Holstein-Gottorp and even made him a member of the Supreme Privy Council but besides her he had no weight in the Russian affairs and, with a succession being guaranteed to Grand Duke Peter Alexeevich, his position in Russia could only change to the worse. Needless to say that whatever influence Karl Frederic may have in the Supreme Privy Council, it was balanced by one of Prince Dmitry Golitsin, supporter of Grand Duke Peter, a prominent figure of Peter's reign (was in charge of the Russian finances, a head of the Commerce Collegium, etc.) and a head of the influenntial Golitsin family which included Fieldmarshal Michael Golitsin who also became a member of the Supreme Privy Council in 1727 (in OTL after the deathe of Catherine). The same goes for Dolgoruki clan: in OTL 3 members of this family had been appointed to the Supreme Privy Council soon after Catherine's death but even before this happened they were quite influential. Which leaves: Chancellor Golovkin - a person responsible for pushing through the Austro-Russian alliance (Vienna Treaty of 1726) and not necessarily a great admirer of Catherine (in OTL after the death of Peter II he burned Catherine's testament by which the throne would go to the descendants of Peter I and voted for Anna) Vice Chancellor Osterman - an active advocate of the Austro-Russian alliance and seemingly the only person in the top echelon of the Russian government willing to spend time on a paperwork; as a result, he became indispensable as a source of information. As far as his loyalty is involved, he seemingly had none to talk about. This situation puts Menshikov in a very precarious position: from one hand he considers a military glory as a good way to strengthen his position within Russia (and not to let a competitor in the military area to emerge) but from the other hand a direct participation in a prolonged campaign means that he is not in St-Petersburg (sorry, @Jurgen but Moscow was not Russian capital at that time ) and his enemies in the Supreme Privy Council are free to work against him. So what he needs is a short and preferably glorious affair. Getting bogged down in the Northern Germany/Denmark just to return to Karl Frederic his lost possessions definitely does not fit the description. A suitable option, providing the Swedes are ready to oblige by sticking out their neck, is beating the Swedes near St-Petersburg with a following advance into Finland and delegation of the rest of campaign to, say, Fieldmarshal Golitsin. However, this means that the operations elsewhere are clearly designated as the secondary ones (helping Prussia and Austria) which can be conducted by the limited forces and which would not unduly elevate their commanders. While it can be expected that the Hapsburgs may ask for the Russian auxiliary corps marching all the way to the Rhine, it also can be expected that Prussian need of the Russian help would be a much more short-lived: as soon as the Brunswick-Hanover-Danish troops are beaten by the Prussian-led alliance, the Russians are politely asked to leave to avoid Prussian entanglement into the Holstein issue. With Russia not looking (unlike the 7YW) for any territorial acquisitions (it does not look like annexation of Finland was considered a worthwhile goal all the way to the Finnish War of 1808 - 09 and even then it could be just a way of improving an image after humiliation of Tilsit), the "objective" interest would be to end the whole affair ASAP because, while the war is hurting the British economy, it is hurting Russian economy as well. Austrian-French entanglement could be a problem but it would not prevent Russian-British-<whatever> peace treaty restoring the commerce, which could be concluded as soon as the mess in the Northern Germany is sorted out.