At which point was dissolution of Polish state inevitable?

When was dissolution of Polish state inevitable?

  • The very begining of Polish statehood

    Votes: 4 3.8%
  • The time of baptism of Poland-Mieszko I converted to wrong religion

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • The time of feudal fragmentation

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • End of Piast rule

    Votes: 2 1.9%
  • Personal Union with Lithuania

    Votes: 2 1.9%
  • Some point during Jagiellon reign

    Votes: 0 0.0%
  • Creation of PLC

    Votes: 2 1.9%
  • Elector of Brandenburg allowed to inherit Ducal Prussia

    Votes: 5 4.8%
  • Deluge

    Votes: 9 8.6%
  • Lubomirski's rebellion

    Votes: 2 1.9%
  • Great Northern War

    Votes: 9 8.6%
  • War of Polish Succession

    Votes: 5 4.8%
  • Seven Years War

    Votes: 10 9.5%
  • Bar Confederation

    Votes: 3 2.9%
  • First Partition

    Votes: 34 32.4%
  • Third May Constitution

    Votes: 11 10.5%
  • Other

    Votes: 7 6.7%

  • Total voters
    105
Unfortunately I think geography did the Polish people no favors.No real mountain passes to choke off invaders (Switzerland),and nice plains for calvary or tanks.
 
Unfortunately I think geography did the Polish people no favors.No real mountain passes to choke off invaders (Switzerland),and nice plains for calvary or tanks.
The Central European Plain - voted "most likely to be invaded" and "best place to have a war in" for 1500 years running.
 
Unfortunately I think geography did the Polish people no favors.No real mountain passes to choke off invaders (Switzerland),and nice plains for calvary or tanks.
There are those fancy things called "fortifications" that could have delayed or stopped the invaders had Poles bothered to collect some taxes and build more of them.
 
There are those fancy things called "fortifications" that could have delayed or stopped the invaders had Poles bothered to collect some taxes and build more of them.
Western border of Poland (practically zero natural barriers) was among the most stable ones and remained almost unchanged from the time of Władysław Łokietek all the way to Partitions.
 
“Destiny” did not exist until the War of the Polish Succession when Russian influence in the PLC was firmly established (remove the French candidate and there is no Russian military presence). As a formally independent state the PLC was not “doomed” until the very end of its existence: Kosciuzsko Uprising was the proverbial straw. Strictly speaking, if Catherine died before it, the “destiny” could be postponed indefinitely because Paul was against acquisition of the Polish territories (returning what was already annexed was a completely different issue).
PLC was doomed when Poles passed the 3rd May Constitution and then sat on their laurels congratulating each other instead of working day and night to prepare for inevitable Russian riposte, and when the inevitable came, they quickly gave up and surrendered themselves to Catherine's tender mercies.
 
PLC was doomed when Poles passed the 3rd May Constitution and then sat on their laurels congratulating each other instead of working day and night to prepare for inevitable Russian riposte, and when the inevitable came, they quickly gave up and surrendered themselves to Catherine's tender mercies.
Would they fight to the bitter end and then some, consequences would be interesting-second partition would be final one, PLC would cease to exist two years earlier, but-Austria missed second partition. Russia and Prussia would divide PLC between themselves and Prussia would end with such amount of Polish lands that it would change into Polish-German state instead of German one.
 
PLC was doomed when Poles passed the 3rd May Constitution and then sat on their laurels congratulating each other instead of working day and night to prepare for inevitable Russian riposte, and when the inevitable came, they quickly gave up and surrendered themselves to Catherine's tender mercies.
A war in defense of the May 3rd Constitution was doomed to end in failure and an even worse position for Poland than OTL. Without any true foreign support (of which the only possible candidate was France, who certainly had to intention of marching troops into Poland to fight Russia) their was never hope of victory. You’d be better off avoiding a confrontation until Catherine’s death and try to get a better deal out of Paul. Portraying the Poles as lazy for not fighting a hopeless war when better options are available doesn’t really make sense.
 
There are those fancy things called "fortifications" that could have delayed or stopped the invaders had Poles bothered to collect some taxes and build more of them.
The only thing that could save them was having a strong state with a modern administration and army. They could still be weaker than the neighbors but a high cost of the invasion would be a deterrent and, if the PLC is a “normal” state, it is not being considered by the neighbors as a pain in the butt with which normal diplomatic dealings are impossible and to which the accepted rules do not apply.

As was already mentioned, the PLC did not have major natural obstacles on its borders and neither such obstacles nor fortifications would save them against invasion: armies of the XVIII century had been penetrating the defensive lines and taking fortresses built by Vauban, tossing the Rhine and Danube and fighting their way through the Alps.
 
I had only a vague idea of John Casimir and his reign when I joined this forum but the more I read you talking about him, the more I dislike him :).

Also, if John doesn’t try to push through vivente rege and still remains without an heir then who succeeds him? Still Wiśniowiecki? Or some Hapsburg candidate?
Yes, some people do not like him :)-)) but, objectively, he found himself reaping the fruits of his predecessors’ labor. His father and brother managed to turn pretty much “cabinet war” with Tsardom into a national conflict, lost Livonia to Sweden and allowed situation on Ukraine to deteriorate into the full-scale war with participation of the Crimea, Ottomans and Tsardom.

Crisis was already there before he became a king.
 
Allowing Brandenburg to unite with Prussia was a mistake on Sigismund III's part. As soon as that was allowed to happen, Prussia began it's ascendency to a position where it threatened the existence of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth. Ironically, the Prussians wanted to stay with Poland and even requested that Sigismund III block the unification, but he refused.
 
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Yes, some people do not like him :)-)) but, objectively, he found himself reaping the fruits of his predecessors’ labor. His father and brother managed to turn pretty much “cabinet war” with Tsardom into a national conflict, lost Livonia to Sweden and allowed situation on Ukraine to deteriorate into the full-scale war with participation of the Crimea, Ottomans and Tsardom.

Crisis was already there before he became a king.
It was not easy to like John Casimir, although things would not be that bad if not his wife, who was more unpopular than him and failed to give him heir (in such case there would not be civil war over VR, even if King and Queen would try to organize VR campaign for their son-something, that even John Casimir would find pointless and counter-productive, and obviously they would not get French money for their campaign).
The fact, that Władysław IV messed things with Tatars and Cossacks due to his attempts to restore Byzantine Empire does not make his brother innocent.
 
Allowing Brandenburg to unite with Prussia was a mistake on Sigismund III's part. As soon as that was allowed to happen, Prussia began it's ascendency to a position where it threatened the existence of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth. Ironically, the Hohenzollerns wanted to stay with Poland and even requested that Sigismund III block the unification, but he refused.
Question of Ducal Prussia was screwed by several Polish kings, starting from Sigismund Augustus. Ironically, only Henri de Valois was not willing to allow Brandenburgian Hohenzollerns to inherit it. Hohenzollerns for long time were underestimated, not only by Poles.
 
Question of Ducal Prussia was screwed by several Polish kings, starting from Sigismund Augustus. Ironically, only Henri de Valois was not willing to allow Brandenburgian Hohenzollerns to inherit it. Hohenzollerns for long time were underestimated, not only by Poles.
Why were they underestimated?
 
It was not easy to like John Casimir, although things would not be that bad if not his wife, who was more unpopular than him and failed to give him heir (in such case there would not be civil war over VR, even if King and Queen would try to organize VR campaign for their son-something, that even John Casimir would find pointless and counter-productive, and obviously they would not get French money for their campaign).
The fact, that Władysław IV messed things with Tatars and Cossacks due to his attempts to restore Byzantine Empire does not make his brother innocent.
To start from “liking”, you can te-read two first books of the Trilogy to find that at least one well-known Pole did like him (giggle).

Nobody says that he was “innocent” but his brother not just “messed” with Tatars and Cossacks, he and their father made a dedicated effort to create a national level hatred of the Poles in Russia and produce situation in which revenge from Tsardom was just a matter of time. One may say that conflict on Ukraine was a byproduct of the processes which kings of the PLC could not seriously change but conflict with Tsardom was their and so was its fundamental screwup which, for a while looked (deceptively) as a gain. Deluge was bad but it was not JC who lost Livonia.
 
To start from “liking”, you can te-read two first books of the Trilogy to find that at least one well-known Pole did like him (giggle).

Nobody says that he was “innocent” but his brother not just “messed” with Tatars and Cossacks, he and their father made a dedicated effort to create a national level hatred of the Poles in Russia and produce situation in which revenge from Tsardom was just a matter of time. One may say that conflict on Ukraine was a byproduct of the processes which kings of the PLC could not seriously change but conflict with Tsardom was their and so was its fundamental screwup which, for a while looked (deceptively) as a gain. Deluge was bad but it was not JC who lost Livonia.
I think with such deep crisis in Russia it would not be easy for any king to not use opportunity to get involved. Temptation was too strong. That propably would require ToT to be avoided. Also, memory of Livonian War (which was such serious threat, that enforced Lithuanians to accept Union of Lublin, something, that would not be accepted if Lithuanians were not afraid of possibility of Ivan IV marching to Vilnius. Union of Lublin avoided also could work in such case-Lithuanians would not invade Moscow on their own even during ToT) played role, and Swedish involvement in Russian affairs too.
 
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I think Poland needs secure borders, I.E. Upper Silesia, East Prussia, and Pomerellia which Austria and Russia were okay for Poland to acquire at least as condominiums.
 
Brandenburg was not seen as candidate for great power and Hohenzollerns were seen as friends of PLC and had family ties with Polish monarchs (and few times were even close to getting Polish crown).
It also helps Brandenburg is rather poor historically. So they were considered to be barely a threat to the PLC at the time. And Prussia is completely disconnected from Brandenburg, which doesnt even have a coastline at the time. If it really comes down to it, they can far more easily retake Prussia than Prussia could connect to Brandenburg. Then Frederick the Great Elector happened and Brandenburg-Prussia started to put together the state that would be part of the doom of the PLC.
 
It seems, Great Northern War was too heavy for PLC. Many cities were burnt out, economic suffered much, many peoples killed or died.
If Sweden win, and PLC is the ally of Sweden (if Civil war in Poland 1704-1706 finished very fast, for example - or better do not happen t ll) - I think, it is the very good point for re-born of PLC. And Russia may become something like late Ottoman Empire, without real power.
 
I think with such deep crisis in Russia it would not be easy for any king to not use opportunity to get involved. Temptation was too strong. That propably would require ToT to be avoided. Also, memory of Livonian War (which was such serious threat, that enforced Lithuanians to accept Union of Lublin, something, that would not be accepted if Lithuanians were not afraid of possibility of Ivan IV marching to Vilnius. Union of Lublin avoided also could work in such case-Lithuanians would not invade Moscow on their own even during ToT) played role, and Swedish involvement in Russian affairs too.
“Involvement” is understandable but screwing things up completely in a process of doing so is a totally different issue. There was a clear possibility for Wladislav to became a Tsar but instead he decided to take Russian throne by conquest for himself, which made it a national issue for the Russians. And his conquest of Smolensk produced a reason for the future wars.

Wladislav, with his military successes, just escalated hostility. And, BTW, while the Romanovs did learn the lessons and started modernization of their army, the PLC did only minimal changes and its infantry never grew into a serious force.
 
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