Enough about Protestants. What if a group such as the Bogomils, Waldensians and Paulicians have early access to the printing press? Or the anti-feudal Tondrakians? Lots of potential.
It depends. The printing press is all well and good, but if there isn't the popular literacy there to read these works, then they will fall on deaf ears. You need to see the creation of the Universities to really help generate the levels of literacy needed to help the printing press catch on (and, for that matter, you also need the literacy rate to get high enough so that there is a demand for books, which helped spur on the printing press as well). And to get the universities, you need high urbanization and the resulting call for more clergy and lawyers to minister to the needs of those urban populations. Without that, even if the printing press is developed and some young radical starts printing missives against corruption in the Church, the invention and the writer are likely to either get ignored, or to only reach a very small segment of the population and - as a result - have little to no influence.Enough about Protestants. What if a group such as the Bogomils, Waldensians and Paulicians have early access to the printing press? Or the anti-feudal Tondrakians? Lots of potential.
That would be an interesting premise, though I wonder how far you can hold it back before someone finally discovers the ink that sticks?If anything, I think it would actually be easier to delay the invention of the printing press and movable type than to actually speed it up. (interesting side bit: Guttenberg didn't just invent movable type. He also had to create a new kind of ink that stuck to the lead blocks: standard ink of that era ran right off. So, even i movable type is invented, but the person in question isn't all that good at experimenting with inks, you likely see the invention not catching on until much later).
The Ragusans?! Perhaps I should ask about Zara and the Dalmatico this go around! Sure, the last interlude still had Dalmatia under the Venetian yoke, and implied it to be continuous, and there probably isn't anything to undermine the Venetians, but it would be interesting to see Zara's continued survival, as the 1202 Siege of Zara isn't likely to repeat as it did OTL. Dalmatia does have great potential to be a competitor to-For a long period of the Crusader Era, the venues of maritime trade were de facto monopolized by the Italian city-republics, with the prime agents of the flow of goods from the Orient being Venice and Genoa. Later on, we see a greater presence of other groups, notably the Provençals from Montpellier, the Ragusans, the Iberian Galicians and even the Flemish, who will arrive to exploit the profitable Egyptian markets.
Then Zara said to him, "O my lord, if the Lord is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about, saying, 'Did not the Lord bring us up from Ausonia?' But now the Lord has abandoned us and given us into the hand of Benecia."Unlike many of the other political entities in the Mediterranean, the “Serene Republic” had the military strength and will to enforce their own laws and contracts, and this they often did in Alpine and Sicilian Italy, even across the sea, in their colonies and client states such as Ragusa and Zara.
If nothing else, the assimilation of the Dalmatico by the Venetians is something that I want to see avoided, since it adds an interesting new element to the region (one which, due to its history, ended up gradually and eventually disappearing by 1898), not just in terms of culture and language, but also in the cultural interactions with the neighboring Slavs (which might still cause it to gradually disappear, but conflict with Venice might reinforce an individual identity for the Dalmatico, especially since they did lean towards the other relevant regional power, that being Hungary/Croatia, as seen in OTL; one example being the final Zaratin rebellion in roughly 1181, placing itself under the protection of Hungary and, in turn, the Papacy, with Venice being distracted enough to not immediately deal with them. The power struggle between Venice and Hungary certainly allowed Zara and the Dalmatico to position themselves towards whomever the balance shifts to, even if the latter was preferred due to recognizing their official municipal status). The most visible example of this interaction which survives in modern Serbo-Croatian is the name used when referring to the Venetian Republic - Mletačka republika.Ragusa and Zara will certainly avoid their ultimate fates compared to OTL. For a long time, they'll stay in the sphere of influence of the Venetians - which, in itself, is not a bad thing altogether, if it prevents them from being pushed around by regional powers. What we can be sure about is that they will retain their status as client maritime republics and will have a role to play in the grand scheme of things regarding the Mediterranean commerce.
You're too kind! I wouldn't agree about being nominated special consultant, I'd more suggest a special council if you insisted on the nomination, especially including some of the fine folks whom commented on Iluvatar's TL. Just keep in mind it isn't just linguistic changes experienced OTL, but straight-up assimilation and attempted integration - that is, the Dalmatico all but replaced by Venetians/Italians. Venetian domination and assimilation of the region would be among the things that would later influence Italian irredentist beliefs that Dalmatia needed to be part of their nation.Excellent post, as always! I should have you nominated special consultant for all the aspects related to the Balkans and Slavic nations, you are very, very knowledgeable about it. I had never heard even once about "Bnecian", nor I understood, at first, the linguistic changes experiences by the Dalmatian cultures under Venetian influence. Very, very interesting stuff. I'll be sure to flesh it out someday. This brings interesting perspectives
This is going to lead to some interesting effects down the line. Like several others, I await the rise earlier modern commerce.A guild is a corporation of laborers dedicated to a certain craft, an hierarchical and rule-bound structure of compulsory adhesion. More than simply a code of conduct, the statute of the guild is a norm. And just as a fish cannot swim without being immersed in water, so a craftsman cannot develop his industry without being integrated into the guild.
The lord, being the suzerain, has the right to exact tribute and impose certain obligations over the lowborn caste, but, unless he is a tyrant, he will be well aware of the complexities of the different strata, and preserve the distinctive treatment owed to each of them. The serf is bound to the land, but the yeomen and free tenants are not, and they are all too different from the artisans and craftsmen, whose skills make the fruit of their labor more valuable, because they are unique. And the lord knows, after all, that he cannot interfere or attempt to control the corporations, because they are bound to their own order, much like the monks are bound to their monastic congregation, and not to his household or his vassalage, as are the sergeants and the knights.
These alternate names for African animals are quite fascinating. Though, I should point out, the rhinoceros had been named as such by the Greeks a while back. I would also expect the black leopards to be referred to as panthers in a land as suffused with Latin as the Crusader State.And from the distant realms of Abyssinia [i.e. modern Ethiopia] and Azania [i.e. Horn of Africa region] the Franks also fortunate to receive so much as they are awarded from Asia; of ivory, exotic furs and hides, incense, gems and even live animals, many of which will adorn the menageries of the crowned princes, from striped horses to bald black lions, and unicorn-bulls.
His majesty, king Tommy of house Atkins?like the enameled black-glass lion gifted to King Thomas I of England by a certain Latin-Levantine monarch in 1193 A.D.,
@5000 Cows - that's an interesting observation. It's something I've thought about when I delved in the matter of the colonization projects of the Crusading European populations, but, indeed, I have yet to flesh it out more. I'll be sure to give it some other insights as we advance deeper into the TL's chronology.I think my favorite aspect of how this timeline is developing is how we seem to be seeing the Crusades reframed as one of histories Great Migrations in a way; as the Arabs burst forth in the 600s and brought their languague, culture and religion and interacted with the lands they conquered, so now we're seeing feudal "Franks" do the same and I've never thought of that possibility before.