Alternate Wikipedia Infoboxes

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There was no one single "Populist Party", each state had a party that differed on the issues of Prohibition, governmental reform, tarriffs and such. The main similarities where the farmer loyalties the "Old Guard", the men who started the party in the 1880's and 1890's when they were upstarts and voices of the farmer, and the little guy. By 1912 that had fallen apart. Farmers hated the way the Northern controlled the party, urban progressives agreed with the reform aspects of the party, anti-monopoly being the biggest reason they voted for them, but didn't care much for their emphasis on rural services and Christian Democracy. Blacks who had helped oust the Democrats (some of whom ran under "Independent" or "Conservative" banners stateside until the century ended), felt the Republicans and Socialists where more interested in them then the white farmers and landowners, still owning the vast majority of land and money in the South. Success had come at a price, no one really knew where to go, no one really wanted anything else from them.



While the Populists did rebound during the midterms, they were blindsided by two oppositions: The Socialists in the cities and the Prohibitionists in the South and West. The Socialists appealed to the sharecroppers and blacks, the Prohibitionists against secular and morally corrosive influence. The leaders of the two minor parties represented their nationwide constituencies well: Hillquit a big city immigrant, Watkins a border state minister and teacher. The issues of the election were mostly personality, Underwood was popular if not that great, the Old Guard Populists were retired or retiring, feeling successful in their day with their reforms, and it looked like the European War (increasing in scope since 1911), was going to end in favor of the Eastern Powers, another fear that Americans held.

(Ugh...It's kinda hard getting back into things, so consider this an appetizer. Comments, critism, all that jazz would be nice)

1890 Lodge Bill Timeline:
1892 Presidential and Congressional elections
1894 Congress/1896 general elections
1898 Congress/1900 general election
1902 Congress/1904 general elections
*John Calhoun Bell biography
1906 Congressional elections
1908 General Elections
1910 Congress/1912 general election
 
Neat I wonder if the the U.S. will move beyond 435 seats in the house...
I've decided since that only happened due to very specific circumstances it won't happen here, but there likely will be a sort of diminished returns put in to prevent it going too high.
 
A Jovian Election Night's Dream
The 2131 Galileo premier election was a rematch of the 2127 election, pitting incumbent Republican Premier Ericka Gonzalez against Democratic challenger Alex Blackledge, with an independent challenge from televangelist Raymond Russell. Gonzalez had inherrited a commonwealth that was in flux, as the population was growing in large leaps and spurts during the late 2120s. Gonzalez had overseen the final occupation and handover of Susanoo Islands from Japan, and she had managed to pass a large tax cut package and reduced spending. But a series of scandals within the Galileo Department of Public Health (largely allegations of neglect, abuse of power, mismanagement of funds and general incompetence) had tarnished her reputation. Meanwhile, she had managed to anger many Evangelical Christians in the Republican Party after backing down from a school prayer bill. Despite this, Gonzalez was renominated by the Republican Party (as was incumbent Deputy Premier Danni Quintata, despite her gaffes).

After his narrow defeat in the 2127 election, Alex Blackledge finished out his term as the President of the Gailelo United Mineworkers of America. He negotiated a new collective bargaining agreement in the fall of 2128, avoiding a potential work stoppage in the Whitecap Mountains. Blackledge remained popular with the blue collar labor unions in the Democratic Party, and his friendship with Beatrice Bowman, the widow of former Premier Dewey Bowman, secured his base with the liberal academics and activists. Blackledge faced only token opposition in the 2131 primaries and conventions, and he named Mikayla Gutierrez of Winahamme as his running mate. Gutierrez was the former President of the United States University - Gaileo Subsystem and the Director of Public Works in the Bowman administration.

Many Evangelicals wanted famed televangelist Raymond Russell to challenge Gonzalez in the 2131 primaries. Instead, Russell chose to mount an independent campaign in the primaries, challening both Gonzalez and Blackledge--with former Galilleo Natonal Guard Commanding General Cody Hollander as his running mate. Russell ran a socially conservative campaign, calling for bans on miscegenation and flag burning, while supporting school prayer and private school voucher programs. Russell also strongly opposed what he saw as the overt and undue influence Columbianism and neo-Masonry were having on American society (Galilo was 30% Columbianist in 2131, and Blackledge was a Columbianist). The John Birch Society came out in strong support for Russell.

Gonzalez and Blackledge largely ignored the Russell campaign, instead focusing on each other. Blackledge attacked the corruption in the Gonzalez administration, while Gonzalez accused Blackledge of being anti-business. Russell and Hollander were both invited to one debate (out of 4 premier and 3 deputy premier debates). Russell performed well in his debate, while Hollander was deried as appearing confused and disoriented. Russell ran a populist campaign, though he was largely hampered by a lack of funding and donor support. After the election, exit polls indicated that voters had little faith in Ericka Gonzalez and saw the corruption and incompetence of her administration as being harmful. Alex Blacklidge won a close election, defeating both Ericka Gonzalez and Raymond Russell.



Harriman v. Peña
Ionian Mutiny
2127 Dacia
2131 Dacia
2133 Xanadu
2135 Dacia
Second Whaling War
John Lyman Sears
2137 Xanadu
2139 Dacia
2141 Xanadu & 2143 Barasses
2145 Xanadu & 2147 Barasses
2149 Xanadu & 2151 Barasses
2153 Xanadu
 
For 1916 everything was looking good for the Republicans, they had a strong mandate, a popular President, an opposition that hated each other almost as much as their enemy, and a good economy. All was well.

And then the President refused to run.

No one knows exactly what happened in 1912 to get Underwood (a turncoat Democrat) the Republican nomination, but many assumed he had promised most of his cabinet to party bosses to get their nomination. 2/3rds of the cabinet were Northerners, the two Justices he appointed were from New York and Nevada respectively, most of the Federal Judges had been educated in Harvard or Yale, and despite his progressive leanings and amiable relations with House Republicans and Populists, he vetoed many of the bills he once sponsored.

And then he announced he was not running for a second term. He endorsed his Secretary of State John Weeks, and retired home. He never spoke exactly why he retired so abruptly.



Running against Republican standard bearer was Tim Johnson of Ohio, a popular Mayor and Governor who attracted the support of the cities Socialist faction, even going as far as to put him on their ballot. Unfortunately despite Johnson's popularity and leftward shift of the Populist Party, they either were too similar to the Republicans, or too similar to the Socialists. Sewer Socialists who backed Johnson were split between him and George Lunn (who served acting Governor of New York for 2 months in 1911), and Republicans who admired him felt there was no significant difference from Weeks and him. The only major party that didn't run was the Prohibitionists, who in a strange move decided to not field a candidate and focus on build support at a local level. The Socialists were able to take an impressive number of states, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, and even Washington narrowly, making it their best campaign yet. The Populists, despite winning many local offices and preforming admirably, were feeling the weight of being pulled in all directions.

One victory the Populists could claim, however, is in the House:



The Republicans lost enough seats to qualify as a plurality, the first time this had happened since the 1850's. The man who truly won from all this was Robert Marrion La Follette of Wisconsin. Friendly with the Populists and Socialists in his state as Rep, Governor, and Representative again, after several dozen ballots had passed, with no sign of a broken deadlock, he started to amass support from fellow Progressive Republicans, and Socialists and Populists who shared some of his policies. Many Old Guard Republicans and Prohibitionists thought La Follette little more then a demagogue and little better then the Socialists and Populists he courted.

The final vote was such, 86 Republicans, 122 Populists, 14 Socialists for La Follette, 129 Republicans for James Mann, 33 Populists Milford Howard, 14 Socialists for Hillquit, 1 Socialist for Eugene Debs (not a Rep but the narrowly elected Socialist Governor of Indiana), and 19 Prohibitionists for Watkins. With the Senate under narrow opposition control (40 Republicans, 42 Populists, 8 Socialists, 1 Independent Socialist, 2 Prohibitionist, and 3 Independents), it looked like the next 2 years were going to be of a divided Government.

(Alright getting back into things, what do you think of the new developments, and the map of the Election? I hand made it so I hope it looks good.)

1890 Lodge Bill Timeline:
1892 Presidential and Congressional elections
1894 Congress/1896 general elections
1898 Congress/1900 general election
1902 Congress/1904 general elections
*John Calhoun Bell biography
1906 Congressional elections
1908 General Elections
1910 Congress/1912 general election
1914 Congressional election
 
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Republicans winning Deep South states? How bad did the Populists, Socialists and Prohibitionists split the vote?
Not too badly. The Republicans had shown themselves not to be the Negro loving Yankee dogs the South thought them to be. Mostly because of Underwood, they started to be more popular for their pro-business and "lily white" appointment policies. The Socialists are the ones feared to be pro-Negro and Pro-union in the South, AKA Anarchist race-mixers, and the Populists being somewhat in the middle. Not trying to be the biracial coalition they once were, but still getting a fair amount of the black vote (40-50% compared to the Socialists ~30% and the Republicans 10-20%) for their Proto-New Deal policies (to be a little anarchistic). Given that a Yankee was running a lot less people were willing to vote for him, opposed to former Alabama Democrat Oscar Underwood.

Will we move beyond 435 seats?

What happened to Eugene Debs? I mean it good to avoid a cliche but still...:p
The next census. I might use OTL numbers (if I could find them), or I might do it my own way (given 20 years of butterlies).

He's Governor of Indiana right now, narrowly taking the state 31.6-30.4-29.1-8.5. He's still the Party Leader in a sense, but is working on building the party before trying again for the Presidency.
 
OOC: I guess I should get back to the series than. Hope I didn't mess anything up. A person can spend 10 minutes looking at an infobox and still miss a mistake. Happens to me all the time. Also I'm going to ease off the leadership elections for a bit, too much work considering my schedule.

Bracken over Socialism

The first Prime Minister to hail from Quebec since the short term of Jean Marchand and the first one who at the same time was a conservative, Lucien Bouchard’s ascension to 24 Sussex began a new age for not only the Tory party, but the country as well. During the new parliament the government, in an attempt to rain in the government spending which had spiraled out of control during former Prime Minister Campagnolo’s constitutional reform campaign, introduced plans to cut the amount of money the government spent on social programs such as Healthcare and Employment Insurance. While immensely unpopular, economists across the country, including Finance Minister David A. Dodge, argued that the move would return Canada to the tradition of a balance budget. The Prime Minister also had to face opposition from within his own party to cementing the constitutional changes implemented by the previous government, changes which had ironically strengthened the Tories hold on power with former Alberta Premier Joe Clark occupying the office of Governor General and David Crombie, the popular former Tory leader, serving as leader of the government in the Senate. Crombie, while effective at passing his party’s legislative agenda without much opposition in the upper chamber, surprisingly resigned his position in favor of the promotion of Brian Mulroney, the Prime Minister’s close personal friend. Such Quebecois-favoured appointments, which included fellow Tory Benoit Tremblay as Governor of the Bank of Canada, left a sour taste in the mouths of many voters, who had disapproved the many patronage appointments made by the Liberals during their decade in power.

In the aftermath of their surprising surge in the last election the New Democrats saw many of their new, inexperienced MP’s embarrass themselves at the expense of the party. Many of the new MP’s failed to show up at the proper committees which they had been assigned to, and in one instance the NDP Member of Parliament for Champlain skipped the opening session of Parliament due to a previously scheduled vacation trip to Los Vegas. Due to these instances Lorne Nystrom, who had led the NDP since 1984, announced his intention to resign rather than face the uncertainty of the planned leadership review. The Official Opposition eventually chose the charismatic and long-time Broadview-Greenwood MP Bob Rae to replace the outgoing leader, and hoped the Ontario MP’s youthful energy, not to mention his connections in the country’s most populous province would be enough to force the government into a minority situation in the next election.

Sensing that his continued leadership was no longer welcomed by members of the party, former Prime Minister John Manley resigned as Liberal leader shortly after the election results sentenced his once powerful party to exile in third place. Hoping to bring back voters who had abandoned the party in favour of Paul Martin’s Reform Party, who polls suggested had overcome them in voter preference, many of the party’s grassroots members hoped to select Shelia Copps, the former Heritage Minister, as their next leader. However in a surprise turn of events the party delegates instead narrowly chose Peter Miliken, the candidate the media declared best positioned to continue the legacy of John Manley. The selection prompted some analysts to speculate that the Reform party would form the official opposition to the Tories in the upcoming campaign.

The first election of the new millennium began as a horse race for second between the New Democrats and the Reform Party, with polls indicating that the Tories, who had campaigned on their economic management and the promise of a balanced budget, would form yet another majority government. The French debate became a verbal fist-fight between Paul Martin and Lucien Bouchard over who would represent French Canada better while the English debate was noted by a surprisingly strong performance by Bob Rae, who stressed interparty cooperation as the best way to begin the new century. In the final week, with many still confident in the projection of another Tory majority, the dot com bubble collapsed, sending Canada into yet another, albeit minor, recession and the stock market into the red. While not enough to cost Lucien Bouchard the keys to 24 Sussex, the collapse had cost the Tories their coveted second majority. Voters had sentenced the Prime Minister to governing with a minority, once again faced with an opposition led by the New Democrats, who had narrowly fended off Reform to maintain ownership of the title of Official Opposition.

bracken2000A.PNG



Prime Ministers of Canada:
Arthur Meighen (Conservative) 1920-1921
William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal) 1921-1926
Arthur Meighen (Conservative) 1926
William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal) 1926-1930
R.B. Bennett (Conservative) 1930-1935
William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal) 1935-1944
John Bracken (Progressive Conservative) 1944-1952
Charles Gavan Power (Liberal) 1952-1962
Paul Martin, Sr. (Liberal) 1962-1967
Davie Fulton (Progressive Conservative) 1967-1978
Erik Nielsen (Progressive Conservative) 1978-1979

Jean Marchand (Liberal) 1979-1980
Erik Nielsen (Progressive Conservative) 1980-1984
Iona Campagnolo (Liberal) 1984-1994
John Manley (Liberal) 1994-1996

Lucien Bouchard (Progressive Conservative) 1996-


Senate Leaders of Canada:
John Turner (Liberal) 1996
David Crombie (Progressive Conservative) 1996-1999
Brian Mulroney (Progressive Conservative) 1999-


Governor Generals of Canada:
Joe Clark (Non-Partisan) 1996-


Bracken over Socialism
Canadian federal election, 1944
Canadian federal election, 1946
Canadian federal election, 1951
Canadian federal election, 1952
Progressive Conservative leadership election, 1953
Canadian federal election, 1956
Canadian federal election, 1960
Progressive Conservative leadership election, 1961
Liberal leadership election, 1962
Canadian federal election, 1965
Progressive Conservative leadership election, 1966
Canadian federal election, 1967
Liberal leadership election, 1970
Canadian federal election, 1971
Canadian federal election, 1975
Progressive Conservative leadership election, 1978
Liberal leadership election, 1978
Canadian federal election, 1979
Canadian federal election, 1980
Liberal leadership election, 1981
Canadian federal election, 1984
Progressive Conservative leadership election, 1986
Canadian federal election, 1988
Canadian federal election, 1992
Progressive Conservative leadership election, 1993
Liberal leadership election, 1994
Canadian federal and Senate elections, 1996
Governor General election, 1996
Canadian federal and Senate elections, 2000


bracken2000A.PNG
 
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