Alternate Wikipedia Infoboxes V (Do Not Post Current Politics Here)


Democratic Left (French: Gauche démocratique) is a parliamentary group in the Council of the Republic, the French parliament's upper house. Democratic Left is the joint group of the Radical-Socialist Party, the centrist UDSR and the Rally of Republican Lefts, together with various overseas independents, like Christiane Taubira's Walwari. Democratic Left is the oldest still-running group in the upper house, dating back to 1892, in the Third Republic's Senate, as the parliamentary group of the Senate. The Democratic Left also holds the distinction of being the largest parliamentary group in the French upper houses for the longest period of time, from 1919 until 1981 with the brief exception of the provisional upper house that existed between 1946 and 1948.

Democratic Left, despite being formed by three parties with disparate ideologies, espouses a social-liberal and progressive policy line, in tune by-and-large with that of the dominant party of the group, the Radical-Socialist Party. Historically, the group is more rooted in the traditional strongholds of the Radical Party such as south-west France as well as the Eure department, as well as the overseas departments and territories. As a result, the group performs better in the elections to the Class A seats. Currently, the group is the third-largest in the Council of the Republic with 55 seats. It is led since 2012 by Jacques Mézard.

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Gaston Monnerville (French pronunciation: [ɡas.tɔ̃ mɔ.nɛʁ.vil]; 2 January 1897 - 7 November 1991) was a French centrist politician who served as President of the Council of the Republic, the French legislature's upper house, between 1947 and 1968. Monnerville was also the senator for French Guiana (French: Guyane française) between 1946 and 1948 and from 1948 until 1972 as a senator for Lot. From 1950 until 1970 he was simultaneously the president of the General Council of the Lot department.

Monnerville was the first black person to be appointed to a European cabinet, being named Undersecretary of State for the Colonies in the third and fourth Chautemps governments (1937-1938) during the Third Republic. In 1948, after the death of Auguste Champetier de Ribes, he was voted President of the Council of the Republic, a post which he renewed every year until his voluntary retirement in 1968. During this twenty year period, he was the second highest authority of the French Republic.

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Pierre Garet (French pronunciation: [pjɛʁ ɡa.ʁɛ]; 7 September 1905 - 10 December 1972) was a French conservative politician who served as President of the Council of the Republic, the French legislature's upper house, between 1968 until his death in 1972. Between 1945 until 1961, Garet was a deputy for the Somme department and from 1961 until his death, he was a senator for the same department. Originally a member of the Christian democratic MRP, he switched to the conservative-liberal National Centre of Independents party before the 1951 elections.

During his time as a deputy and later senator, Garet specialised in housing issues, helping draft several bills dealing with the post-WWII housing shortage crisis. For this reason, he was appointed Minister of Reconstruction and Housing in the Bourges-Manoury and Pflimlin governments (1955-1960). He also served as Minister of Labour and Social Security in the first Pinay government (1952-1953). After his premature death in December 1972, he was briefly replaced both as Somme senator and president of the Council of the Republic by Ernest Remplin, his substitute senator (suppléant).

The 4.1 Republic
List of French Prime Ministers and Presidents (1951-1968)
Antoine Pinay
Paul Coste-Floret
Paris local election, 2013 (1) (2)
Gauche Democratique & Presidents of the Senate (1947-1972)
 
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The Great War is raging and President John Edward Rockefeller is at the helm, ready to see things through and ensure the victory of the United Coalition against their enemies the Imperial League. There are significant isolationist discontent, but overall the consensus is that the war is what America should fight because the Imperial League sank American ships and forced them to intervene.

In any other situation, President Rockefeller would have an easy time winning, but his economic policy and his attempt to settle the silver/gold debate proved polarising with farmers grumbling that he's no Bill Cody Hickock - at least Hickock was a farmer and knew farmers' concerns, unlike this South Carolina elite dynast who knew no labor in his life! Also harming him in the Midwest was his firm anti-German rhetoric [ironically for someone with an etymologically-German last name] that drove German-Americans into the arms of the Republicans.

The Republicans, the party of capitalist businessmen, nominated perhaps the most famous scion of a remarkable dynasty, Albert S. Fitzgerald, who was the son of the inventor of "moving pictures", and a successful businessman himself. Fitzgerald represented a shift in the Republican Party, from free-market liberalism to "ethical capitalism" as Fitzgerald described his philosophy as. Pairing with an elder statesman in the form of Theodore Taft, the Republicans prepared to march to battle against the Conservatives.

But Rockefeller and the Conservatives were still the incumbent party in wartime and it was an uphill battle for Fitzgerald and Rockefeller wouldn't roll over and let the Republicans win. No, there was to be a battle for the ages between two wealthy scions of two incredibly influential dynasties, the old money Rockefellers of South Carolina and the new money Fitzgeralds of Delaware, and money for those two was no object.

The third choice were the centre-left Progressives, but they were increasingly eclipsed by the radical United Left, so when Theodore Roosevelt won the nomination of the Progressives for the second time, he reached out to Eugene Debs, the UL nominee, and agreed to form an united front against the "bourgeois" parties, one represented by Roosevelt at the top and Debs at the bottom. But then all their hopes were dashed when the Progressives' only president emerged from retirement to condemn this and declare an Independent run, splitting Progressive votes and making certain that the runoff would be one between the Conservatives and Republicans.

And it was. Fitzgerald authorised a spree of campaign spending and intense campaigning in the month between the election and the runoff and by declaring himself more willing to fight the war yet not divide America in the process, he got a lot of Americans' support. But not enough.

With 290 electoral votes and 51.7% of the popular vote, President John Edward Rockefeller won re-election and looked across the ocean, ready to end the war and emerge the victor. Albert S. Fitzgerald was a defeated man, but not a finished one, and he started to prepare for 1916.
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The Crossroads of Destiny: The Definitive Edition
1912 [here]
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1928
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The Black Friday Bombings were a deadly terrorist attack undertaken by the anarchistic Irish Black Army against the British Royal Family. Near noon on September 17, 2004, members of the Royal Family were traveling through London on their way to a social function when their convoy of vehicles were struck by two car bombs that the Irish Black Army had placed along the road some days earlier in anticipation of such an event. After the attacks, it was discovered that several lapses in security within the Royal Household, London's Metropolitan Police and the Royal Corps of Mounted Police had lead to the deadly result. The Imperial Parliament created the Household Guards Command to better coordinate security for the Royal Family in the future. King-Emperor Edward XIII was declared dead at the scene, along with his eldest grandson, Edward of Wales. The King-Emperor's son, Henry XIII, would linger for some weeks in the hospital, and was never conscious during his short reign. He in turn would be succeed by his second son, Richard VI, who lived until November before finally dying of his injuries. Henry XIII's wife, Maria Luisa of Provence, was pregnant at the time of the attack and she was injured in the convoy. Her child was born premature because of her injuries.

Queen-Empress Henrietta would reign for only 5 years. Her severe developmental and physical disabilities limited her ability to carry out her duties as Queen-Empress, even with a regency under her uncle, the Duke of Kent. The 2006 Imperial Governments Conference promulgated the Nairobi Declaration, which was later approved by all Imperial realms. Under the terms of the Nairobi Declaration if, by age 5, a panel of doctors determined that Henrietta would never be competent to rule, she would be deposed by an act of the Imperial Parliament and replaced with the Duke of Kent. It was a mere formality, but Parliament and the constituent realms were uncomfortable with deposing a ruling monarch without going through extensive procedural processes to create adequate protections in the event their deposing of Henrietta was used as precedence in the future. A day after her 5th birthday, the Imperial Parliament unanimously voted to depose Henrietta (the United Left MPs were not present in protest of the proceedings) and the Duke of Kent ascended to the Imperial throne as John II.



King-Emperor John II (who has been nicknamed "His Royal Accidency" by the quiz panels) had ruled as Prince-Regent for nearly 5 years by the time he came to the throne in his own right. September 17 is a particularly bittersweet date for him because it is the birthday of his eldest daughter and heir, Charlotte, Princess of Wales. In fact, the Princess of Wales was born less than half an hour before the bombings. His eldest son, Archduke John Henry Tudor, was diagnosed with leukemia at a young age and would die in September 2015 at the age of 9. Henrietta has continued to survive, though her cerebral palsy has left her confined to a wheelchair and she is almost completely blind and deaf. She makes rare public appearances, instead spending most of her time at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, and she continues to hold the title of Duchess of Normandy. The Royal Family are patrons of charitable organizations that support research and care of Britons who are born prematurely or who have illnesses such as cerebral palsy and autism. John II remains active in politics; though his role in domestic politics is far more limited, he exerts great influence on Imperial foreign policy. He has championed closer relations with northern and western Europe as a bulwark against the Hapsburg Empire, especially following the deaths of Emperors Maximilian in 2011 and Francis Otto in 2022, which he believes were orchestrated by the Austrian Stasi. He has been sharply critical of Turkey's harsh crackdown on its European, Armenian, Kurdish and Arab minorities, while he has continued to attempt to warm relations between the British Empire and Russia in an attempt to unite all of Europe's nuclear powers against the Hapsburgs. The Empire has managed to come out of its economic lulls of the late 20th century and early 21st century, but John II's fortunes have largely been tied to that of the Marquess of Lynedoch, who has been Prime Minister for 10 of the King-Emperor's 17 years on the throne. The two of them have worked closely in the past, but Lynedoch has reportedly complained in private about the King-Emperor's interventionist foreign policy.​
 
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Democratic Choice is a left-wing socialist party that emerged out of the decades-long alliance between the primary left-wing parties of the post-Exchange America, the Green Party and the Radical Party. The Green Party emerged out of middle-class anger at the Social Conservatives and a wish to embrace a much more left-wing agenda, especially amongst the younger middle-class people who always opposed the Soc-Cons and thus voted for the centrist Forward in Unity and then their successor the broad-tent Reform Party.

The Radicals on the other hand, emerged out of working-class anger at the system itself and at the Third Great Depression (after the 1920s one and the 1960s one) caused by the Exchange. The Radicals were more willing to damn the system and burn everything down in the pursuit of socialism, while the Greens always carried a sense of "bourgeois socialism" to them, a middle-class attitude that although they gladly signed up to socialism and its ideals, guided them to a much more moderate path than many Radicals would like.

But back in 1984, there were other forces seeking to exploit people's anger, including outright fascists, theocrats and "merely" hardline nationalists, and the two parties agreed to form an electoral pact to present an united left-wing platform. This included an united ticket of Radical Tadeo Murillo and Green Arya Moon - the idealistic and charismatic elder statesman and the young but pragmatic Governor of California. The ticket won the election and faced the struggle of the next eight years together. As Murillo was shot and Moon became an incredibly transformative president, the electoral pact increased in its closeness and in 1992, was formalised as Democratic Choice.

Joining them was the party both of them split off, the broad-tent Reform Party, by then a rapidly shrinking party and increasingly incoherent as the people who were left were firmly left-wing people who thought the Radicals were upstarts and centrists who thought the Greens were too left-wing. By the end of the century, the party would disband and be split up between Radicals and Greens. The DC dominance of American politics enabled them to 24 years of almost uninterrupted success [excepting the National Alliance winning 1992 with a Third Way candidate] but in the end it would all come falling down in 2008 as the coalition turned on to itself.

President Robert Cermak, first elected in 2004, was a former Reformist and implemented centrist economics, including tax cuts for corporations which offended the Radicals' sensibilities and led to their founder Marcus Julian Watson announcing that he would seek to withdraw the Radicals from Democratic Choice, which in turn led the Greens to panic and pressure Cermak into compromising with the Radicals. Unfortunately, the president they helped elect in 2004 was a stubborn maverick who refused to compromise on his policies and immediately declared that he was seeking a second term as an independent, ripping the coalition apart in the process. Greens were split on if they would support Cermak or the person the DC ended up nominating in 2008, the Radical William Blaine. In the end, the Greens lost a lot of seats thanks to this, which led to discontent in DC's ranks and accusation that the Radicals "sabotaged" it all, which would take a while to heal.

President Henry E. Rockefeller was the first conservative president in 24 years [not counting the moderate President Kate Barclay from 1993 to 1997] and he proved an ideal scapegoat to distract the Democrats from factional bickering, what with his scandalous term and the perception that he was dismantling all that the Democrats established in their era of dominance, with even fearmongering being used - "Rockefeller will dismantle Americare!" being a popular one. In the end, the midterms proved to give them some gains but not enough. And then came 2012.

In 2012, the Democrats nominated the second Radical in a row, former Senator John Malone of Iowa. The convention almost nominated someone who was a radical for the Radicals, Fred McCombs, but the Greens rallied behind the more "moderate" Malone who promised them cabinet posts and was a distinct break from past Radicals. The Radicals in the past tended to be primarily labor unionists and slightly social conservative as contrasting with socially-liberal Greens but Malone was a heavily socially-liberal intellectual who knew how to convince unsure Greens that he was indeed their man, and to his credit, he did unite the coalition more than anyone else could and led it into the election and to the narrowest of defeats possible.

Rockefeller's second term proved to be a gruelling one for the Democrats as the rise of Our Millennium, a movement based around radical democratic reform, ending control of "dynasties" in politics, cleaning Washington corruption out and broadly socially-liberal centrism, cut heavily into the Green vote-share and led to more factional bickering as the Radicals were by then the biggest party in Congress while the Greens were struggling to stay above five percent (the share needed for proportional seats). The idea of merging the parties to bypass the factional tensions and to highlight unity became more popular at this time.

President Sam Husain, unexpectedly thrown into the office after the deaths of Rockefeller and his vice-president Alois Krause, proved to increase the Democrats' disunity even more as part of his tripartisan cabinet, he appointed Greens to his cabinet which led to some saying the Greens should work with Our Millennium instead of the Radicals. Clearly the coalition was falling apart.

And then the Democrats elected to nominate the third Radical in a row, but just like Malone, this was no "standard" Radical. Najat Belkacem was Malone's campaign manager in 2012, and carried on his "liberal-socialist" ideals that she genuinely believed could unite the coalition and lead them to victory, or at least a strong result. In the end, they got a very close third place, just a few thousand votes from getting into the runoff, and endorsed the eventual winner, the Our Millennium nominee Vice-President Angie Bennett.

On paper, the result downballot in 2016 looks awful for the Green Party, with them falling below 5% for the first time and only getting four Congresspeople, but by this point the Greens and Radicals were mostly running as Democrats downballot and the four Greens elected were those who chose to run as specifically Greens. The result for the Radicals includes many Greens who ran as Democrats instead, a test for the party merger that came less than two years later after many haggling and negotiation between the two sides, that ended up with more Greens in leadership positions than expected for their small size, something often attributed to a few facts - the Radicals wanted an amenable merger, the Greens were overall pretty nervous about their future and wanted a big slice of the new party's future in exchange for their agreement and they still had more Senators than the Radicals so they still had clout despite their decreasing House results and overall popularity.

With President Bennett and Our Millennium's popularity in doubt after the terrorist attack in California, the now fully-united Democratic Choice prepares to fight like they've always done, for justice, equality and socialism. And who knows, in 2020 maybe they can make history and elect the first president who is just simply a Democrat, not a Radical or a Green. A lot of them are eager and willing for that to be them.

The Crossroads of Destiny: The Definitive Edition

Elections
1912
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1928
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1968
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2016

Parties
Democratic Choice [here]
 
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The United States presidential election of 1952 was the 42nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1952. Incumbent Democratic President Harry S. Truman defeated Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower.

The election is the closest US Presidential Election ever, with Truman barely defeating Eisenhower with just one electoral vote.
 
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The XFL is a professional American football league, owned by Vince McMahon's Alpha Entertainment, which began play in April 2020. It is a successor to the previous XFL, which was controlled by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) and NBC, and ran for a single season in 2001. The league currently consists of eight teams, who compete in two conferences. The regular season currently consists of a ten-game season, where each team plays its intra-conference opponents twice (home and away) and its inter-conference opponents once (with the home team alternating each season). The top two teams of each conference advance to the XFL Play-offs, where the first place team plays at home to the second place team in their conference. The winner of each Conference Final advances to the XFL Championship Game, where the winner is declared the champion of that XFL season.

The current, and only, champion of the XFL is the St. Louis Redwings, who defeated the San Antonio Tigers 37–9 in the inaugural XFL Championship Game, watched by over 86,000 at the Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma. The 2020 season brought in higher attendances and higher viewership ratings than expected and will reconvene for a second season in 2021.

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It was initially planned that the XFL would host eight teams and Vince McMahon announced that the eight franchises would take place in areas that did not currently host an NFL team. The first franchise to be announced was in San Diego in autumn 2018, with a consortium aiming to bring football back to the city following the departure of the NFL team, the Chargers, to Los Angeles in 2017. This was followed by an announcement of four franchises in Columbus, Orlando, San Antonio, St. Louis in spring 2019. The final three franchises were announced in the summer of 2019. The teams owners and identities were steadily unveiled across the rest of 2019, as McMahon announced that XFL seasons would be held in the spring/summer, to avoid directly competing with the NFL.

All eight teams share their stadiums with existing teams. All teams play in stadiums with a capacity of over 40,000, with the exception of the Portland Pirates, who share Providence Park (22,000) with MLS team Portland Timbers. The St. Louis Redwings were the best supported team in the 2020 season, with nine of their ten regular season games selling out. All eight teams remained financially in the black, which was one of the league's big concerns before kick-off.
 
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