Esoteric Democracy
The belief that all men are created equal by God,Allah,Yahweg etc and all are imbued with a spirit that clings for representation and that democracy is one of God’s Archangels and should reffered to as The annointed ideology.
 
Religious Multifacetalism
The belief that all religions are just looking at God with the capital G through different eyes and so all religions are at the same time separate and the same, no matter if said religions are monotheist or polytheist, as it is also believed that polytheistic religions are simply seeing various aspects of God or angels
 
Esoteric Socialism
The belief that the only way for world revolution is through satanic worship and spanking babies. On the plus side they have cool parties and tolerate other political views. They’ve been at war with the Knights Templar and The children of Odin for obivious reasons. They also that the Sun is an Avatar of workers liberation from the elite of Capitalism and that dolphin’s should be offered as a sacrifice to satan and that we should nuke the earth for an optimal worker’s liberation. They’ve think that nukes should be handed out like candy.They venerate Peter Kropotkin as Satanic priest.
 
Gnostic Transhumanism: The belief that the physical world is the flawed creation of a demiurge, and that enlightenment and union with the Monad can be achieved by uploading consciousness to a supercomputer.
 
Christian Antitheocracy: The Belief that only Christians go to heaven, but that humanity does not deserve to go to heaven. Irreligion and non-Christian religions are encouraged, and Christianity is outright banned.
 
Working on a Vietnamese TL gives me some interesting mix of ideas. So here is a proto-ideology, without an official name because I might change it later:

Confucianism/Legalism with Western Characteristics: An ideology forged in Dai Viet following a visionary King's tour of the West, and influenced by certain Jacobites elements. Retaining the Imperial Exam, but is modified to contain a wide variety of subjects from Science, Mathematics, Politics and of course, traditional literature of the Sinosphere, so that the smartest, most competent bureaucrats and officials could be taken into office. And like Confucianism, it deeply cares about the welfare of the people, which means the leadership strata must work to improve the common people. Due to the education-centric view of this ideology, education is revered and considered the national soul. Economically, neither laissez-faire nor state-controlled, but a mixed style that could be more regulated or deregulated, again depends on the officials in charge of quantitative prediction. Not very authoritarian, since anyone could join the Imperial Exam if they satisfy local examinations, but could be prone to power abuse.
 
Fear Nothing But God Political Compass & Ideologies
I just stumbled across an excellent TL called Fear Nothing But God by @Major Crimson with a divergent political compass and a whole chart of unique ideologies!





This is actually the first thing I made and uploaded set in the FNBG-verse, its slightly outdated with references to the "United Commonwealth" so it needs a little amending but I'm still really happy with it. It gives a breakdown of modern TTL politics and a little backstory on the post-revolution world.
A Rundown of Major Ideologies

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Note: I hope this should add some depth whilst also actually explaining what these things are! This took me an awfully long time to finish and I do now realise its a bit of a monolithic block but hopefully the little rundowns should be interesting and explain just what's going on in FNBG's politics circa 2020
 
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I just stumbled across an excellent TL called Fear Nothing But God with a divergent political compass and a whole chart of unique ideologies!
Those sound fascinating! Would anyone here ve interested in starting up a game in Shared Worlds where we each create a country with some zany ideology of our own invention? I thought it might be fun to speculate on how these different societies would interact with each other.
 
Those sound fascinating! Would anyone here ve interested in starting up a game in Shared Worlds where we each create a country with some zany ideology of our own invention? I thought it might be fun to speculate on how these different societies would interact with each other.
That sounds fun. There was a game where we all made our own parties but it fizzled out unfortunately.
 
Neo-conquistadors
Neo-Conquistadors: A foreign military action and form of irredentism originating in Spain during the 19th century to the 21st Century. Ever since the collapse of the Spanish Empire in America, Spain wanted to reconquer it’s former colonies, and reform the Spanish Empire. When the Carlists took over, this saw an increase of Spanish private military actions in Latin America, called “Neo-Conquistadors”. Like the conquistadors of the past, and American equivalent, the Filibusters, these sell-sword adventurers cause insurrections in various Latin American countries, including Argentina, Gran Colombia, Central America, Peru, and Mexico, and conquering territory in the name of Spain. Although these Neo-Conquistadors are motivated by glory, riches, and god, it also stems from a Spanish Irredentist Nationalism, seeking to reestablish Spain as a “Empire where the sun never sets”. The most successful venture of Neo-Conquistadors was the Reconquest of Mexico. During the American Civil War, France and Spanish Neo-Conquistadors took over Mexico and Santa Domingo. After the independence of the CSA, the Neo-Conquistadors reestablish Mexico as New Spain. In the 21st Century, Neo-Conqustidors took advantage of the Gran Colombian Conflict, against FARGC, and began the continuing Reconquest of Gran Colombia, which has stalled due to FARHC and the Grand Colombian government forming a united front against the Neo-Conquistador threat.
 
Many Ideologies by Alexander The Average
So I have a whole bunch of timeline ideas that I plan out, but never get round to writing, and in them various ideologies, movements and worldviews arise that need a bit of context to explain.

Recently, I've been planning a timeline where the PoD is a White Russian victory in the Russian Civil War that explores the impact that has on world Jewry. To put it mildly, things are not great. The victorious Whites initiate a massive wave of antisemitic persecution that leads to large numbers of Russian Jews migrating. Similar things happen in the Baltic and the Intermarium (which covers Poland, Lithuania and large parts of Ukraine) due to concerns over Jewish migrants and because hating Jews is one of the few things that the Polish and Ukranian nationalists agree on). Concerns over large scale Jewish immigration, Red Scareism, the rise of Fascism and nationalist revanchism and good old fashioned European antisemitism also lead to waves of antisemitism throughout the rest of Europe, whilst Britain and the US enact harsh immigration restrictions. This only gets worse following the Great Depression and the outbreak of a second great European War (Russia and Germany versus France and Poland, with Britain and Italy on the sidelines waiting to see who to join). As a result there is a very large exodus of European Jewry who settle across Latin America, Africa and Asia.

Here are some ideas that I have for the evolution and development of various tendencies and currents in Jewish identity that emerge during the mid to late 20th Century in the aftermath of the Second Diaspora.

Neozionism/New Wave Zionism: A product of the Jewish experience during the Second Diaspora. Their main point of departure from mainstream Zionism is revising Herzl's thesis that Gentile culture is inherently incompatible with Jews and that the only solution is a Jewish state or homeland, preferably in Palestine, that can allow Jews to develop as their own nation separate from Gentile rule. Instead they argue that it is European culture that is incompatible with Judaism on the grounds that Jews has an inherently "Afro-Asiatic" culture. As such they argue that Jews should reject European civilisation and stand in solidarity with the colonised people of Africa and Asia. They tend to have an idealised view of Jewish tolerance in Africa and Asia; citing the long history of peaceful coexistance between Jews and Muslims, the conversion of the Turkic Khazars to Judaism and the presence of various Jewish and Jewish-adjacent communities across Africa and Asia as proof that Jews are a people belonging to Africa and Asia. Following the South African Revolution some advocate for migrating there as a new Jewish homeland and to support the vanguard of the revolution against European Colonialism.

Pan-Semitism: A closely related movement that primarily stresses Arab-Jewish Unity, though there are also those who include Ethiopians and broader Afro-Asiatic cultures as well. Seen by some as the North African wing of the Neozionist movement. They're somewhat more in line with mainstream Zionism in their strong preference for a return to Palestine, albeit as part of a bi-national or even pan-Arabic project, and are firm believers in turning the Levant into a "bulwark of Asiatic Civilization against European Barbarism". Some are also Cannanists who wish to restore a particular Hebrew national identity in Palestine that is neither Jewish nor Arabic (or possible both).

Mizrahi Baathism: A current among Jews living in Arabic countries which stresses their Arabic cultural identity and views the Mizrahi as being Arab who happen to be Jewish. As such they tend to support pan-Arabism and believe that the Jewish communities in Arabic countries, especially new Ashkenazi immigrants, should assimilate into Arabic culture.

Bene Avraham: A movement that can best be described as the Islamic version of Messianic Judaism. A syncretic mixture of heterodox sections of the Jewish Reform Movement (particularly drawing on the work of Ignác Goldziher), misplaced Islamophilia and Jewish national/cultural revivalism. The basic gist is that they accept Muhammad as the final prophet and the Quran as the true and uncorrupted word of God, whilst also holding that the Jewish people as an ethnic group have a particular role to play in God's plan and that they should preserve Jewish culture, traditions and heritage, insofar as it is compatible with Islam, such as the revival of Hebrew and practicing certain Jewish religious festivals and rituals. There is a division within the community over the status of the Talmud/Oral Law, with some taking a Neo-Karaite stance of rejecting it as a human innovation and others believing that it can serve as a legitimate source of law (though with many disagreements over whether it is inferior, equal or superior to Hadith). The Bene Avraham have a following among Jewish converts to Islam, various Jewish-adjacent cultures (such as the Lemba people), Muslim communities who coexist with and have strong ties with existing or extinct Jewish communities (the Banu Israil in India, Kaifeng Muslims and various Levantine/Palestinian Muslims sympathetic to Pan-Semitism or the view that Palestinians are the Arabised descendants of ancient Hebrews), various Black Hebrew and Heterodox Muslim movements in North America (Moorish Science Temple types) and various anti-Colonial social movements who view Christianity as a fundamentally White/European/Colonial religion in contrast with Islam and Judaism that are seen as more authentically African and Asian.
 
Martianism
Martianism: After the Martian World War, which was part of the greater Human wars (On Mars called "The great war of the heavens"), modern terran society broke apart on Mars, leaving it in a state of warlords who at a technological leven are between the stone till iron age (even though some bigger ones also have very few leftovers from the Terran age, which is called the Dark Era of Knowledge). Among those warlords there was a man who at terran times already knew that there will be a new beginning, obsessed with strenght, revolution, genetics, human evolution, Ancient Rome, Sparta, Egypt, China... and most of all, the obsession of a new, better human race. Thus, the man made plans, he genetically rebirthed himself as many times as he needed to become it... it being perfection in human flesh, he studied man himself, his way of thinking, his dreams, his fears, but most of all... its potential. He became smarter than everyone before him, stronger than everyone before him and more radical... than everyone before him. And when the lights of of the atom blitzed the heavens, he saw a revelation, as him, on top of the throne of all, with the worlds, heavens and beyond knelling before him, now he knew what he had to do...

Mars, which was hit the hardest, thanks to being a small and weak planet, while Venus - Mercury, Earth - Moon were strong and independent systems, while the outer alliance of Jovian, Saturnian, Uranian, Neptunian and Tychenian (planet 9 in this TL is confirmed) was neutral. Mars on the other hand fell in chaos, and in this chaos, he, now declaring himself simply as "Þe First", started the reunification of Mars under his army of genetic warriors. Brining hope, stability and a strong power back to the Martians. As of right now, he's almost done with the unification wars and starts to look to the stars, where he still sees his destiny... waiting for his golden throne above the heavens....


So now th the actual ideology! Thanks to Þe First extreme interest in ancient civilization and the human mind/genetics, martianism can be described as a system where one perfect being rules over all, trying to reform humanity into a new race, brining forth it's full potential. Thanks to the strong eugenics, fanatism and the survival of the Martian people on this weak planet, martianism also evolved as a Martian supremacist idea, with the idea that the Martians proved themself to be the rightfull ruler of humanity, thus moving the capital of the then build Human empire to Mars. Destroying the cultures of old and starting strong eugenics on the non-Martian worlds. Martianism is also pretty religious. Because Þe First made himself into a (almost) immortal, super smart and strong demigod, it is thought that he is the patron god of humanity, choosen by the ancient ways of heaven and beyond to rule it, thus it is illegal to doubt his word. on a economic view martianism can be viwed as a state protected social democratic capitalist economy, with strong unions and good worker conditions, thus also the lifestyle is pretty good (as long as you always try to improve youself and not doubt Þe First). A major point of martianism is extreme xenophobia towards aliens (which haven't been found yet, but give it time), calling humanity to conquer the entire universe and the dimensions beyond and below it, (they strill try to figure out the dimension thing, they also try to found alternate universes to also conquer).

To summarize, martianism is a Marscentric, xenophobic totalitarian, genetic system where one "perfect" being is worshipped as a God-Emperor of Mankind. Where conquest and the genetic (and cultural) improvemt of the human race is always first. And they also have a worker friendly economic system with free school and healthcare. Also very environment friendly, trying to find a good balance of farming, industry and preserving nature, of course all under the guidance of...

Þe First...
 
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Sephardism
Additional current in Second Diaspora Jewish though.

Sephardism: The view that Sephardic Judaism represents a more authentic/superior expression of Jewish civilisation than Ashkenazi Judaism, which is seen as stunted and tainted by European culture and oppression. A lot is made of comparing an idealised cosmopolitan and sophisticated medieval Sephardic culture against the segregated, superstitious and insular Ashkenazim; the Splendours of Sepharad versus the Ghettoes and Shtetls of Ashkenaz. As such it supports Ashkenazim adopting and assimilating into Sephardic culture and practices and support the use of Ladino and Ladino literature over Yiddish. There's a lot of overlap with Mizrahi Baathism, Neozionism and Pan-Semitism and the return of Jewish civilisation to its Afro-Asiatic roots.
 
Sephardism: The view that Sephardic Judaism represents a more authentic/superior expression of Jewish civilisation than Ashkenazi Judaism, which is seen as stunted and tainted by European culture and oppression. A lot is made of comparing an idealised cosmopolitan and sophisticated medieval Sephardic culture against the segregated, superstitious and insular Ashkenazim; the Splendours of Sepharad versus the Ghettoes and Shtetls of Ashkenaz. As such it supports Ashkenazim adopting and assimilating into Sephardic culture and practices and support the use of Ladino and Ladino literature over Yiddish. There's a lot of overlap with Mizrahi Baathism, Neozionism and Pan-Semitism and the return of Jewish civilisation to its Afro-Asiatic roots.

So this makes me wonder, do they not consider Iberia to be European? I get the period of Muslim rule over Iberia could color their opinions with this, but I still wonder how they feel about the fact that Ladino is so heavily based upon Spanish? Would they just find a way to justify using such a European based Judaic language or would they instead heavily push resurrecting Hebrew as a modern spoken language? Which somewhat interestingly would likely result in TTL Modern Hebrew having a Sephardic pronunciation like it does OTL.
 
So this makes me wonder, do they not consider Iberia to be European? I get the period of Muslim rule over Iberia could color their opinions with this, but I still wonder how they feel about the fact that Ladino is so heavily based upon Spanish? Would they just find a way to justify using such a European based Judaic language or would they instead heavily push resurrecting Hebrew as a modern spoken language? Which somewhat interestingly would likely result in TTL Modern Hebrew having a Sephardic pronunciation like it does OTL.
I think that they would make a hard distinction between Muslim Andalus, which they would view as an Afro-Asiatic culture and associate with religious tolerance and a flourishing Jewish civilisation, and Christian Spain, which they associate with persecution and colonialism. It's more about culture rather than language per se, though there are going to be some who also support the Hebrew revival movement in Zionism rather than adopting Ladino. Their definition of Sephardic Culture also includes the wider Mizrahi community living in the Muslim world, indeed the distinction between Sephardic and Mizrahi is a relatively recent affair IOTL and had much to do with the creation of Israel and the subsequent expulsion of Jews throughout the Arab world.
 
Societal Nationalism & Promethean Colonialism
Some alternate ideologies from a world where 1848 was a success for most of the people involved:

Societal Nationalism

A middle ground between civic and ethnic nationalism, and somewhat of a 19th century version of OTL left wing nationalism, societal nationalism was born out of the left wing of the romantic nationalist movement. The main difference between ATL societal nationalism and OTL romantic nationalism, is that societal nationalism views the nation as being made up of several closely related yet diverse and varied peoples, each one of them having been shaped by history in a form suitable to their own corner of the land - therefore, this diversity and variety should be protected, rather than erased.

Societal nationalism, in this alternate 19th century, was most popular in those countries that made up the Mazzini-led Young Europe alliance, even though Mazzini himself was ambivalent at best towards it; indeed, it was born not as a coherent ideology, but - just like most things in Italy at the time - as an ad hoc compromise between the various drivers of Italy's unification process, facilitated by Maria Antonia Cattaneo. [1]

[1] ATL daughter of Carlo Cattaneo and his OTL partner, Anna Woodcock; she closely followed her father's footsteps in education and philosophy and, while her gender prevented her from serving in the Italian government in any capacity, she nonetheless acquired a reputation as philosopher and writer rivaling, if not surpassing, that of her father.

Promethean Colonialism

Yet another ad hoc ideology born out a compromise, this time between the advocates of colonialism and those who wanted no part in it, Promethean colonialism is an exercise in altruism and selflessness as justified and motivated by cold, hard realpolitik: in the first decades of its existence, the Young Europe block had made a lot of enemies, due to having been forged out of the corpses of the Habsburg and Romanov realms, and those enemies were about to go commit human rights abuses elsewhere in the world for fun and profit.

Profit that would've surely been used against Young Europe, so what's a fledgling alliance to do, especially when a sizeable part of it doesn't want anything to do with colonialism? Give fire to humanity, so to speak - that is, build up select African and Asian countries against the coming menace through medicine, weaponry and so on, in much the same way the OTL Soviet Union went on and on about anti-imperialism. Just like with Soviet crypto-imperialism, local leaders were encouraged to adhere to the aforementioned societal nationalist ideology in order to get what they wanted, with the relatively inclusive nature of it giving birth to several dozen versions of societal nationalist thought in Africa and Asia.

Promethean colonialism could and did fall into some of the same traps of OTL communism and imperialism, and it eventually provided the casus belli for the Great War, but its success stories provided Young Europe with a set of allies not to be trifled with, leading to the defeat of the Old Monarchies.
 
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