Alternate History: Explain the historical event

The Hundred Years' Revolution
Upon Edward iii's successful claiming of the French throne, his rival claimant Philip of Valois fled to Spain and established a dynasty there by marrying Beatrice of Castile. Edward pursued and executed Philip causing discontent with his French subjects.

Maybe you're the problem
 
Maybe you're the problem

Name of an experimental musical band of the late 2010s and early 2020s that tried to mix elements of ska, trip hop, punk rock, country, classical, traditional Andean, and Bollywood music along with Taiko drums. While very original, the so-called "Covid Sound" never caught on beyond a niche audience and was often the butt of jokes involving suspicion of what drugs influenced its creation, quantity of alcohol needed to enjoy the genre, and the level of desperation needed to listen to it - as well as still widely held to sound better than Nickleback.

Dr Charles M Maddox, Chief Forensic Psychiatrist for the FBI
 
Last edited:
Dr Charles M Maddox, Chief Forensic Psychiatrist for the FBI

Dr Charles Maddox remains a controversial figure even now more than 30 years after his retirement from the FBI. An advocate of the mentally ill, he was instrumental in obtaining more than sixty-five not-guilty verdicts by reason of legal insanity between 1984 and 1991, including infamous British serial killer Jimmy "the Dog" White who in 1997 was convicted of seventeen murders, nine of which took place after Dr Maddox helped him win his earlier trial in 1990.

The Revenge of Ramesses XX
 
The Revenge of Ramesses XX
Ramesses XX was not a Pharaoh, instead he was just a historian obsessed with ancient Egypt, who took on this alter ego after being cheated on by his ex-wife. His revenge consisted of a rather libelous biography of her (well, it was supposedly a biography of Cleopatra VII, but his ex-wife sued him for libel), and he would force her to kill herself by allowing a poisonous snake to bite her (this was after he lost the lawsuit and had been forced to pay her and her new husband).

The Aragonese-Castilian Schism
 
The Aragonese-Castilian Schism
The Kingdom of Spain was forged in the fires of the reconquista and dynastic union between Castile and Aragon. However, in the 1530s, the protestant reformation started, and the protestant message was seen quite well in Aragon due to the kingdom having a history of conflict with the papacy. As a result, many leading nobles raised a protestant king and launched a war of independence. However, the country would be reunited by the 1640s, due to a castilian reconquest.

the age of rediscovery (east Asia)
 
Last edited:
the age of rediscovery (east Asia)

During the Ming Dynasty, around 1400, Admiral Zheng He sailed the ocean blue in a mighty, mighty treasure fleet. During this time, he made contact with the Americas after finding his fleet blown far, far off course. He landed first at Xióngdǎo (Bear Island, OTL Vancouver Island), down the western coast, and encountering the Incan empire. Diseases spread from these simple trading and contact missions spread throughout the Americas, and depopulated much of the regions Zheng landed at; though South America outside of the Andes would be untouched, the more migratory inclined tribes of North America would be much more afflicted by these diseases. The Incan Empire would recover, though in a much different and more centralized/xenophobic form.

The Age of Rediscovery refers to roughly 100 years later, when Admirals inspired by Zheng He and wielding new technologies would make the voyage again, searching out these fabled lost lands of furs, beads, and gold. Trading posts would be established, first at Xióngdǎo, later further south at the newly contacted Aztec kingdoms, and north of the Incan tribes. The latter of these three would be massacred by Incan warriors terrified of another outbreak of fearsome diseases, and the Emperor at the time would order their conquest and annihilation.

Though Xióngdǎo would grow into a quietly bustling settler colony in the still-depopulated North America, Inca would become the center of Chinese power overseas, with Incans sinicized and enslaved in equal measure. Many enterprising young men, disfavored courtiers, disgraced generals, and common criminals would journey there to the so-called Golden Hills, and the Governate of Jīnshān would be established to rule in the Emperor's stead. The Governate would grow rich and populous, and later become the site of trade with Spanish and Portuguese explorers. The Portuguese would be especially friendly the governate after Spanish backed Aztecs ended trade with the Middle Kingdom's outposts there.

Roughly 200 years later around 1700, during a dynastic crisis, a brother of the Ming Emperor of the age attempted to take the throne. The Emperor, a highly conversative figure allied with nobles and bureaucrats who feared the rising power of the merchant and naval classes whose wealth was drawn from these colonies in the New Lands (as well as secret trade with Europeans taking place there), was challenged by a younger brother friendly with these cliques. The coup failed, but the Emperor lost control of much of his navy at this time. Fleeing first to Taiwan, the Would-Be Emperor disappeared with a large fleet. The Ming Emperor celebrated his brother's apparent death at sea, only to be reached months after the fact by news that his Brother had seized control of the Governate, and declared himself an Emperor there. The Emperor, forced by the defection of much of his navy following a massive purge and purposeful sinking of various ships, was forced to accept this.

The new Empire of Jīnshān would expand and prosper under its new Emperor, re-orienting itself towards trade with Europe, India, and Indonesia, and even seizing control of the minor but growing colony at Xióngdǎo.

The Great Gibraltan Fuck-Up
 
The Great Gibraltan Fuck-Up
The gibraltarian tanker "Keller Almeida 4" for reasons unknown crashed and spilled all the oil, rendering the entire Gibraltar bay useless. Until today is the worse man-made disaster related to the oil industry.

Foundation of the Hanseatic City of Quebec
 
Last edited:
The gibraltarian tanker "Keller Almeida 4" for reasons unknown crashed and spilled all the oil, rendering the entire Gibraltar bay useless. Until today is the worse man-made disaster related to the oil industry.

Foundation of the Hanseatic City of Quebec
The Hanseatic Empire dominated most of the Baltics and Atlantic coasts. The only competitor had been the French Empire (that also had swallowed England) that ruled great chunks of New Vinland and . The Hanseatic Imperial League wanted to gain influence. The French fought a disastrous war with the Crumbling Spanish Empire and the Great Timuridd Empire that already destroyed the Ottomans. The French king needed money, the Hansearic League wanted a base un North America that the French always had denied. In 1698 the French King sold Quebec for a huge sum in Gold to the Hanseatic League. Quebec officially became a Hanseatic League member and a major trading center for pelts.

The Druid murder plot of 50 BC
 
The Druid murder plot of 50 BC

A historical document detailing a plot by a secret cabal Caledonian druids to murder emperor Julius Caesar and his family. The document was later proven to be a fraud, made up to justify the harsh treatment of Caledonians by the Roman Empire.

Dante's Tragedy
 
Dante's Tragedy
After being the muse of many of Dante's writings, Beatrice Portinari wrote her own response to him, it was published posthumously. This writing detailed the pressure placed on her due to his writing, she felt that she was being exploited for the sake of his art and resented the idealized version of herself. It was very popular and was translated into sixteen languages.

Isabella II of Castile
 
Isabella II of Castile
The regal name of Isabella of Castile, daughter of Isabella I. She came to the throne in 1487 after the unexpected death of her Mother and Brother following an outbreak of the Plague. Immediately, Ferdinand began to pressure her into marrying a fellow Trastamara such as Enrique de Aragon y Pimentel. After two years of such pressure, Isabella caved and married Enrique. They’d have 4 children together, all boys. During Isabella’s reign she’d conquer Granada, oversee the unification of Castile and Aragon, seize the crown of Naples and Navarre, establish the first Spanish Colonies in America and lead the Anti-Reformation movement in Western Europe.

The Fall of Castile
 
The Fall of Castile

Was the destruction of Castile during the Almohavid conquest during the late 11th to the early 12th Century. The Kingdom of Castile and Leon tried to defend itself from the power of the Almohavids but didn´t succeed. With the last king of Castile and Leon killed and the main cities captured the Kingdom had been conquered and incorporated into the Islamic Almohavid Empire which now dominated all of Iberia ready to attack further North into France.

The Dutch-American War of 1899
 
Last edited:
THE DUTCH-AMERICAN WAR OF 1899
Not the be confused with the ABC War of 1850, nor the Amerikaaner Wars of the 1870s, the Dutch-American War of 1899 nevertheless could never have come about without those preceding conflicts to set the stage.

Background; the ABC War of 1850 - AKA the Edo Incident, AKA the Nippon Intervention, AKA the Edo Massacre.

Force and fraud are in war the two cardinal virtues.

Having side-stepped the conflagration that was the 'Springtime of Nations' due to progressive constitutional reforms, the Netherlands were thus free to pursue a more active overseas agenda than her European neighbors. Thus, the United East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, or VOC) having previously endeavored to suppress native resistance in the Padri War, Java War, and Banjarmasin War, undertook three successive campaigns to bring Bali under Dutch control between 1846-1849. Into this general expansion in the Indies, Governor-General Jan Jacob Rochussen sought to achieve a far greater breakthrough. Fighting the multitude of tiny sultanates and kingdoms of the Indies was patchwork at best; better to bag a single, larger target, and let them sort out of the particulars with their own subjects. Achieving funding and reinforcements under the guise of "staunch resistance," he acquired the forces necessary. So it was that a 'diplomatic' force was dispatched some ways north...

At the same time, an expedition from the (American) Perpetual Union - heading to East Asia - had arrived in the Hawaiian islands to take on fresh supplies. This force of a dozen warships, 200 hundred marines, and four Congressmen - comprising the biggest and best the PU Navy had to offer - had sailed from Charles Town on the Atlantic the previous year with orders to secure diplomatic missions in the Orient. American ambitions concerning their God-given 'Manifest Destiny' - the term coined just a handful of years prior - all but guaranteeing a war with Mexico in the near future, President Fillmore was convinced that diplomatic actions in the Far East shouldn't wait. Later historians would describe this event as "operating in a classic gunboat diplomacy," the Perpetual Union expedition acquired a Treaty of Friendship from the Kuhina Nui of Hawaii. The Americans then remained in the islands for several weeks to ensure "cooperation and clarity" with the native government, reorganizing certain constitutional language in what would later be called the Great Mahele - a system of land redistribution and, more importantly, what entities could own Hawaiian lands. This delay allowed news of their arrival and agenda to spread, for sailors are not known for keeping secrets.

During this time, the Dutch force out of the Indies, 18 ships along with 3,000 marines, arrived in Japanese waters and began to patrol, ostensibly to 'protect Dutch shipping' in the region. The Japanese system of Sakoku, that of being a tightly restricted, or even "closed" country, would argue that there was very little in the way of Dutch outside of the port of Nagasaki. The Dutch flotilla disagreed and ranged considerably farther into Japanese waters. Insulted, the Japanese demanded the Dutch ships leave immediately, or the Dutch factory and access in Nagasaki would be revoked. The Dutch flatly refused and threatened armed retaliation should Dutch persons or property in Nagasaki be harmed. The Japanese, lacking any comparable naval power, could not hope to drive them off and could only grumble from behind their walls and make a show of closing off the Dutch access in Nagasaki, but making no move against the Dutch interests themselves. It was at this time the Dutch fleet learned of the approaching Americans and their recent arm-twisting in Hawaii.

Shortly thereafter, however, the PU fleet arrived in Japanese waters and began their approach to Edo. Unaware of the Dutch arrival or purpose the Americans were unprepared for battle when hailed and issued an ultimatum by the Dutch: turn back or face the consequences. The Americans, they argued, could not turn back for they were in need of fresh supplies, this it is and nothing more. The Dutch stood their ground, however, and fired a warning shot. The American commander, the controversial Commodore James Barron, ordered an attack. Poorly prepared and out of position, the Americans were further disadvantaged by being outnumbered and outgunned, for most of the Dutch ships were of heavier displacement than the Americans. The resulting Battle of the Izu Islands was a lopsided affair, with the Americans being thoroughly thrashed. Most of the Americans would eventually flee, bloodied and chastised, limping back to American-friendly ports to report on this incident.

With victory achieved, the Dutch fleet approached Edo and demanded immediate access. The Japanese, though somewhat grateful for the Dutch defeat of the Americans, steadfastly refused. The Dutch immediately commenced a naval bombardment of the seat of the Shogun before landing their marines in the city. Making straight for Edo Castle, where Shogun Tokugawa Ieyoshi resided, the Dutch marines stormed the castle's fortifications with powder and shot, reducing the samurai defenders quickly. With his guards dead and many of his attendants fled, the Shogun had little choice but to surrender to the marines, who summarily raised a Dutch flag over the palace. The Japanese, in the coming days, couldn't vent their frustration on the Dutch for fear of reprisal... but the shipwrecked Americans who found themselves washed up on her shores were fair game for imprisonment, torture, and possibly even execution.

To say the government of the Perpetual Union under President Millard Fillmore was mad would be an understatement as they declared war on the Netherlands weeks later once word of the Battle of the Izu Islands reached the floors of Congress. Immediately after the declaration of war, the Perpetual Union issued statements in newspapers throughout Europe that they had first-hand accounts of the "massacre" of their sailors, that all debts owed to the Dutch Republic were forfeit, and that all Dutch properties within the Perpetual Union would be seized. American citizens took the streets in an outpouring of anger; shops were ransacked, civilians attacked in the street, and worse. Many Dutch, and German, populations in the Perpetual Union were attacked by such mob violence. This caused... shall we say consternation, and the hope to gain the moral superiority backfired as most European courts regarded the battle as a mere colonial skirmish, and between two republics at that, and this declaration of seizure as a gross overreaction. Thus unable to convince any Europeans to assist, the Americans set about tackling those Dutch holdings close by to "send a message" that the Americans weren't going to just lie down and take it.

Thus the American fleet that arrived at the Caribbean islands of St Maarten, Sint Eustatius, and Saba found... really no defenders. The Dutch had not kept proper 'garrisons' on those islands for decades, and the only civil defense were the police who weren't about to tangle with vengeful American marines. No true fighting occurred, but the population remained hostile to the US occupation. Moving on to Aruba, however, the Americans found that the Dutch were actually waiting for them as news had reached the Netherlands sooner than it had reached America; Governor-General Rochussen was quietly praised but formally relieved of command... and granted a very tidy retirement package. At Aruba, the Americans found themselves in a fierce firefight for Fort Zoutman, delaying any further conquest for several days.

Eventually the ruined shell of Zoutman would fall, and with it the island, and a few days later so too would Bonaire fall without much similar fighting at Fort Oranje, but by the time the remaining US forces arrived at Curacao, the Dutch Caribbean Fleet of 15 warships had concentrated to face them. The resulting battle lasted several hours as the US ships, like at the Izu Islands, outnumbered and outgunned. Attempting to retreat proved disastrous as the prevailing wind was against them, allowing the larger guns of the Dutch to outrange the Americans, slowly whittling their numbers and ability to fight. Within days all American gains had been reversed, and their entire coastline was at the mercy of the Dutch. However, the Netherlands quickly dispatched negotiators, obviously agitated at the tenor of the American response, but on the whole understanding that this entire scenario boiled down to a colonial misunderstanding, however unfortunate. And so closed the ABC War, named for the trio of islands where the conflict was decided.

Terms were remarkably light in the Treaty of Copenhagen, but it didn't halt the frightful fall from grace for President Fillmore, and by extension the whole Democratic-Republican Party. Having served only half of his second term, Fillmore resigned and, due to the stresses of heavy work and the war, passed away within a few months. This entire ordeal sent shockwaves through the American political psyche and accounted for no less than three constitutional crises. The question of succession of the President of the Congress would be corrected in the fourth amendment, portions of the Democratic-Republican Party would break away to form their own Freehold Party under a little-known Martin van Buren, and the status of slavery would face new and violent threats following a massive slave uprising in Carolina. While debating this Georgia Senator Anthony Thomas of the Whig Party, on the floor of Congress, would shoot and kill fellow New York Senator Joseph Carmichael. The divinely ordained Manifest Destiny was apparently dead, strangled in the crib.

...or was it?

The Boer Voortrekkers & the Amerikaaner Wars.

We will only have peace with the Boer when they love their children more than they hate us.

Due to the assault on Dutch communities during the war, both the loss of life and economic opportunities closed to them, a general exodus began before the war was over. There were long-established routes to follow as well, particularly disaffected Dutch from New England over the abolition of the Patroon System, and from the Pennsylvania Commonwealth where the 'Pennsylvania Dutch' Anabaptists had struck out West for greater religious freedom last century, and from the (formerly Spanish Habsburg) province of New Philippines, where exiled Dutch Calvinists from the Southern Netherlands had briefly played an essential role in the rise of the Dutch West Indies Company (Geoctrooieerde Westindische Compagnie, GWC), but eventually emigrated further inland during the Mexican War of Independence decades gone amid anti-Protestant pogroms. As both of these groups were of agrarian roots, and would eventually form partnerships in the West, collectively they were known as the "boer" which means "farmer" in Dutch. It wasn't just the Dutch descendants who were migrating during this time, but instead all manner of persons seeking better opportunities all along the frontier, including former and escaped slaves, themselves having a very unique relationship vis a vis the Dutch migrants.

Thus these successive waves of migrants with their Puritanical work ethic were instrumental in trailblazing and, inadvertently, contributing to the spread of slavery - a tense topic in the Perpetual Union. These routes west would also host later pioneers and contribute to the general American notion of their Manifest Destiny. Not without conflict, of course, often uprooting those who didn't wish to conform to the Perpetual Union's notion of liberty and authority. Predominately Dutch settlements dotted the landscape with increased frequency as one moves West, and by the 1850s, nascent states had sprung up, particularly the Zoutmeer Republiek (Salt Lake Republic) of the Great Salt Lake Valley, and the Orange Free State, named after Orange River (in turn named for the Dutch ruling family, the House of Orange) that flows south into the Colorado River. Other such entities were coalescing around this same time: the Zoutmeer 'Charter' - a sort of proto-constitution - was signed in 1837, but the Republic itself wasn't declared until 1852; the OFS constitution was signed in 1853, modeled closely on that of the Zoutmeer; the clandestinely GWC-funded Nieuw-Guelders, operating almost as the physical manifestation of GWC politics, signed in 1856; and the sole black free state in the Western Hemisphere, the oddly-tongued Negerduits ("Negro Dutch," many having arrived via the West Indies) founded the Stât f'n Täusplänti in 1857; as well as smaller freeholds such as Lydenburg, Simonstad, and Sijstalen.

This would lead to other adventurers attempting to carve out their own little kingdoms and republics, or just exercising a particular agenda. This included such varied folk as the freebooter William Walker who briefly overthrew Mexican authority in Tejas and declared an independent republic there for the sole purpose of legalizing slavery in that place, or John Burr, the grandson of deceased Perpetual Union President Aaron Burr and his Haitian governess, who led the Grand United Order of Odd Fellows in America into becoming the most militant, and best trained militia of the Perpetual Union to range up and down the frontier protecting African Americans and meting out justice on racist slavers. The 'Wild West' was fast becoming something of high adventure and legend, drawing more and more interest from Americans back East. Steadily the creeping claws of American Authority were taming the wild lands, eradicating Indian resistance, and pushing against the borders of those free republics.

The Boer Republics had few allies in the Perpetual Union, but one was the Senator Martin van Buren, leader of the Freehold Party. Though never achieving much in the way of power, the fact that van Buren had harnessed enough of the vote to act as a tie-breaker allowed for some political leverage within the raucous Perpetual Union Congress. With the rising tensions of the West, vis a vis the various range wars with the Boer kommandos and American cowboys, the elder statesman was able to push through legislation regarding the republics that led to trade deals, rights pertaining to railways, and general cooperation in the West. The Americans still dreamed of a Pacific coast, and the politicians generally regarded these small republics as nothing more than a preamble to voluntary annexation into the Perpetual Union. But the Boer would prove to be a very stubborn people, and for every two steps forward in relations, there was always one step back.

After the death of van Buren, the Boer no longer had a powerful and friendly voice in the Congress, but rather many unfriendly, greedy voices. Industrialists were aching to get legal rights to the mountains and valleys that the Boer - silly farmers - refused to exploit and mine to their full potential. Industrialists who contribute heavily to political campaigns. Cooperation with the Boer Republics began to sour, first on tariffs, then on grazing rights, and finally what about those bloody Injuns, eh? Clearly the Boer were selling firearms to the Sioux who continued to give American pioneers much grief north of the Boer Republics. (It would later be revealed to be the British Canadians supplying arms to the natives in hopes of delaying any meaningful negotiations with the Americans on the status of Oregon.) Pouncing upon this "conspiracy" to undermine the Perpetual Union, President Abraham Lincoln - an aggressive, nigh-undefeated champion wrestler in his day - ratcheted up tensions with the Boer by ordering the 7th Cavalry to "pursue the murderers to the ends of the earth." While not declaring war, or an invasion, it authorized the American military to disregard the sovereign borders of the Boer Republics at will.

The ensuing series of skirmishes and battles would come to be known to the Boer simply as the Amerikaaner War and it would drag on for four long years of raid and counterraid, scorched earth, and mass confinement. The Americans waged indiscriminate warfare against all the Republics at once, assuming - probably rightly - that they would support one another unofficially, so instead opted to simply speed along the process. Women and children were not spared, as the Americans had spent years fighting the Native Americans without mercy, these new foes would be treated just as harshly. Indeed, there were some few allied Native American tribes who joined the Boer in their fight, but for every allied tribe, there was another with a blood vengeance against the Boer - ready allies for the Americans. Tens of thousands would die, a huge number of them from being confined in walled reservations, those miserable camps the Americans used to break the Natives and the Boer.

Eventually the Boer were forced to sue for peace and submit, their small republics collapsing under the weight of the war effort and American depredations. In the end, they would all be absorbed into the Perpetual Union in accordance with the Treaty of Wierdapark. It was discovered shortly thereafter that the now-defunct Nieuw-Guelders had been receiving funding from the GWC. The resultant short, sharp diplomatic spat with the Dutch Republic over this resulted in revisions to the Treaty of Copenhagen and an embarrassing public censure of the Company from the Hague (and a private audit which still hasn't been fully declassified).

The wider implications of this conflict and subsequent annexations was the simple fact that considerable swathes of this territory was technically Mexican, and they had never recognized the Boers as anything other than alien, slave-holding vagrants. The four years of warfare, however, had transformed the Perpetual Union. Gone were the days of patchwork armies comprised of volunteer militias; those had met with disaster in the early days of the conflict. Now the Union State Army was an increasingly regulated, organized, and funded enterprise that was quickly outgrowing its raison d'etre. The century-old fear of a too-powerful central authority and a bloated military had finally come home to roost in the Perpetual Union, and the confrontations in Congress were growing especially heated. The breaking point came when the Union State Army confronted a Mexican patrol in Tejas (formerly New Philippines), and soldiers died.

The next several years would see a war with Mexico to validate the American conquests of the Boers, a Boer uprising and resultant reprisals, and finally an actual civil war as the Commonwealth of Virginia resisted the governmental overreach of President Schuyler Colfax. Other commonwealths rallied around Virginia, declaring the Confederated American States, who even won unofficial British backing, as well as official recognition by the Dutch Republic. These conflicts were often overlapping affairs and belligerents came and went as the situation evolved. By the end of the series of wars, the United Mexican States underwent its own revolution declaring the Unitary Republic of Aztlan, short the latest Perpetual Union state of Yucatan, and the Republic of Pueblo in the north, and the Confederated American States were thoroughly thrashed and reabsorbed into the PU and suffered much material destruction that would retard their local economies for decades. A military confrontation with the British was narrowly avoided, finally resolving the disputed Oregon territory, and securing a broad pacific coastline for the Perpetual Union. Relations with the Dutch Republic remained frosty, however, and occasional diplomatic barbs were hurled between New York and the Hague.

Dutch-American War of 1899, or Why I Learned to Love the Big Stick.

War is God's way of teaching Americans geography.

These barbs were not random moments of animosity or blithe contempt. No, they were thorns sharpened for purpose and attached to a winding, strangling vine, slowly choking any threat to the Perpetual Union, to Democracy itself (though what counted as democracy was very much questionable in the PU these days). It is safe to say that the coming war was both a mere extension of Imperialist Aggression, but also Personal Pride. You see, following the years of war, the recalibration of the economy, and the acquisition of new lands, the Perpetual Union's economic prowess rose. No. It soared. Industry exploded seemingly in every corner of the PU, and the ports of Europe disgorged millions of migrants to fill those industries. Granted, this may not be the most commendable thing... For never in the course of human events has so much wealth been generated by so many for the benefit of so few.

Where the American economy roared, the Dutch economy had contracted. Between poor management of assets like the GWC (and their controversial funding of New Guelders), increasing military/occupation endeavors in the East Indies, and being inexorably caught in the endless tug-of-war that was the developing alliance system in Europe, the Dutch had found themselves in a liquidity crisis. Beginning with the New Guelders Debacle, and the subsequent audit, public opinion had begun to push back against the oligarchic tendencies of the Dutch Republic's machinery of power. These growing criticisms of exploitative practices and bureaucratic cronyism - not just in the East Indies which was a well-known institution, but in the halls of the Binnenhof! - evolved into protests beginning in 1879 with the formation of the Nieuwe Plooi ("New Crew"), a faction opposed to the Orangists stanglehold on stadtholder authority, and harkening back to the Patriotten movement of a century before. Although the Provincial States of each province could assign their own stadtholder, most stadtholders held appointments from several provinces at the same time, a policy ensured by Orangist allies in the States General, and a further concentration of wealth and power.

Demonstrations in Haarlem, Utrecht, and Limburg grew to such an extent that local militias were routed or coopted when confronted. Events quickly outpaced the Orangists as the Patriotten swept through the countryside, finding ample support from the working poor feeling disenfranchised and disillusioned by the continued dominance of the rentier-class. An old and common complaint in the Netherlands; socialist underpinnings to this sort would fizzle just below the surface for years to come. By 1883 the stadtholder of Zeeland, Groningen, and Friesland, Maarland T. van Höek joined the cause, standing down from his position. Under increasing pressure in the coming months, more stadtholders stepped down, some not always willingly. The Defenestration of Jülich sent Stadtholder Aeneas van Tienhoven through a 14th Century stained glass window to be unceremoniously impaled upon wrought-iron fencing below. Further conflict throughout the 1880s would result in the Second Stadtholderless period - the first such time since the 1670s - causing such destabilizing effects as to collapse the GWC, and nearly the Bank of Amsterdam, the second largest center of foreign direct investment in Europe behind the Bank of England, thus evaporating hundreds of millions of guilders.

Spiraling faster and faster to insolvency and possible civil war - beyond the brawling that had been wracking the streets for years at this point - the Dutch Republic... spasmed. Political deadlock and in-fighting would lead to the Southern Netherlands breaking away in the vacuum to form the Republic of Flanders. With the collapse of the GWC, export prices for sugar and coffee rose, causing an economic crisis throughout the Caribbean and Brazil. VOC interests were all but forced to pick up the slack, causing market contractions from South Africa to Ceylon, and they were forced to open the East Indies up to private enterprise and investment. By 1895, the government share of exports had dropped to a mere 10%. The reformed States General of the new and improved United Provinces of the Netherlands, a consociationalist bicameral creation, nationalized the VOC by 1897, removing it as an independent entity and taking direct control of her assets to offset total insolvency.

This period of radicalization all but guaranteed the Netherlands to be a pariah state amongst the Congress of Europe... at least outside the cafes and slums of Paris, Vienna, and a few other areas where such wild theory was bandied about by bored, romantic intellectuals. Of the Dutch Revolution, a young Austrian political-pathologist Sigmund Freud remarked, "Unexpressed or repressed emotions will never die; they are buried alive and will come forth later in uglier ways. Revolution, where progress is repressed, is the natural result." A close associate of Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels, Freud would play a major role in the evolution of the Maximalist Movement in the coming years.

For the moment, however, it was the round of nationalization efforts which most disturbed the international community. While most of her neighbors were able to secure diplomatic guarantees, the Perpetual Union didn't, uh... didn't want to bother with any of that. The sitting President Theodore Roosevelt was a veteran of the embarrassing war back in the '50s and now found a perfect excuse to right those old wrongs. Announcing a new facet of international relations, it would be America's duty to secure peace and liberty in the Western Hemisphere, and should any foreign powers have contentions in the Western Hemisphere, then it was America's purview to undertake those endeavors personally. You know, as a responsible member of the international community.

And that's why, dear reader, no goddamn socialists were allowed to exist in the Dutch Caribbean, for obviously if the metropole is some kind of socialist nonsense, then it would only seep out into the wider world. American marines returned to the shores visited in the ABC War and this time the weight class of the combatants had shifted dramatically. While the Perpetual Union would find power projection to Europe a more difficult endeavor, snapping up Dutch assets in the Caribbean and even the Gold Coast was easy enough, especially with the Netherlands still righting its rather troubled house. The East Indies, however, were another matter entirely, and while no few warhawk congressman suggesting taking the WHOLE of the Dutch Empire, more practical voices came to the fore.

Instead, the PU's Pacific Fleet (bigger, better, faster, stronger) returned to Japan, where it all began, and 'freed' the island from any meddling Socialist interests, and of course stuck around to ensure no one else got any ideas. The naked landgrab was lost on absolutely no one, and while folks thought poorly of the Perpetual Union... have you seen their economy?

And what could the Dutch do? Due to the financial strain, half of the fleet had been sold off, and the other half was busy helping put down a fresh round of revolts in the East Indies, with the bulk of the Netherlands' veterans and officers, and most of them, being Company men for most of their careers, had no great love for the new government back home. In the end, they did very little beyond protest, then negotiate debts, and here in about 12 years get eaten by the meteoric rise of the German Empire.

Het Einde.

...

United Federation of African Republics
 
United Federation of African Republics
Common ground is noted between the post-Colonial states during the late 1960s with Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda forming first a common trade bloc, then a common currency, then a loose political union. They play the United States and USSR off of each other for aid while supporting decolonization overall, first in Mozambique then Rhodesia then Angola. As the Cold War ends the government surprisingly keeps its focus on its people, not its leaders, and investment into health care along with education begins to pay dividends. The brutal dictatorship of Zaire is also brought down around the turn of the century as major hydroelectric and rail projects make much more of central Africa accessible. Congo, Gabon, Cameroon, Equitorial Guinea, the Central African Republic, Somalia, and the South Sudan eventually apply for membership and the name changes to reflect the above. By 2020 they have launched their first satellites on native rockets and offer Rovos Rail to every major capital city as well as transit to Lagos, Cairo, and Cape Town. GDP is among the best in Africa though gaps between the poor and wealthy remain wide though much improved.

The Nintendo Wars
 
Common ground is noted between the post-Colonial states during the late 1960s with Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda forming first a common trade bloc, then a common currency, then a loose political union. They play the United States and USSR off of each other for aid while supporting decolonization overall, first in Mozambique then Rhodesia then Angola. As the Cold War ends the government surprisingly keeps its focus on its people, not its leaders, and investment into health care along with education begins to pay dividends. The brutal dictatorship of Zaire is also brought down around the turn of the century as major hydroelectric and rail projects make much more of central Africa accessible. Congo, Gabon, Cameroon, Equitorial Guinea, the Central African Republic, Somalia, and the South Sudan eventually apply for membership and the name changes to reflect the above. By 2020 they have launched their first satellites on native rockets and offer Rovos Rail to every major capital city as well as transit to Lagos, Cairo, and Cape Town. GDP is among the best in Africa though gaps between the poor and wealthy remain wide though much improved.

The Nintendo Wars

The Nintendo Wars

Had been a series of economic conflicts in the 1980es and 1990es wich lead to economic sanctions against Japnese exports in general and also the company Nintendo by the Reagan administration . In the 1980es Japanese technology began to dominate the markets of the Western world much to distress to their Western competitors. In 1985 as an American awnser to Nintendo the American company Apple introduced their own gaming console Applearcade with a set of arcade games and a joystack like controller. Also Microsoft introduced their own product Windowbox Action 85' . Both companies battled for domination the American and European market but grew frustrated with the Japanese competition. In 1986 both companies lobbied the Reagan abd the GOP administration to intervene. American car manufacturers and other companies joined Apple and Microsoft in their crusade. Suddenly Nintendo had been branded as Un-American and un-patriotic. The Reagan goverment did let itself pressure to sanction Nintendo as a company and completly ban Import and sale of their products. At the same time the markets of the European Community (EC) were pressured to limit Nintendo's access to Western European markets. Japan on the other hand reacted harshly by sanction all Microsoft and Apple products. The economic punitive measures went out of control and threatened the economic and political relations between Japan and USA in the middle of the Cold War. Nintendo lost the US market and suffered, for a long time they restricted themselves to analog games. In 1989 The Redford goverment tried to ease the sanctions and by 1995 trade relations between US and Japan went back to normal. Until today the series of conflicts are known as Nintendo Wars.

The Malian-Aztec wars
 
Last edited:
The Malian-Aztec wars

During the early 15th Century the Mali Empire suffered a series of defeats, but under Maghan Keita IV began a turn around during the middle years of the century. Reforms saw the Empire push back in the north and west, but also establish sea trade with Portugal, gaining armour and arms from the white northerners in exchange for finished goods. The leadership of Mali was careful to hide the gold the Empire controlled. Historians believe the Emperors of this side where being advised by someone familiar with the Europeans.

One thing the Emperors also gained from the Portuguese was ships - they brought quite a few, and started reverse engineering them with the intension of seeking some of the riches that the stories said where to be had in the New World. The first ships sailed for the New World in 1487 with a mixed Mali- Portuguese crew. They landed in the Caribbean some weeks later and pushed deep among the islands looking for riches. Following rumours and taking on some guides the six Mali Empire ships reached the Mexican coast and ran into an Aztec patrol boat.

With help from the guides communication was established, but culture differences saw the Mali and Aztec clash with the Mali doing a running retreat back to their ships. They sailed Home full of stories and a hold full of exotic bits and piece. Maghan Keita III was very interested in the New World and the 'insult' by the Aztecs. A bigger, stronger armed voyage was arranged, this time with some arms and canon from the Europeans. This arrived in 1489 and found the Aztecs - a short conflict erupted but ended with the Aztec Emperor himself coming to make peace, and trade was established.

From the Mali the Aztecs learned of the Europeans and their ways. A massive fortune in jewels saw the Aztecs gain some guns and powder from the Mali. Trade in arms and exotic goods began to flow both ways as the Aztecs gained also brought ships from the Mali. A mild wave of sickness hit both sides as diseases crossed the ocean, but the mass die off that effected North America did not happen in the south - it has been much speculated why.

The Mali- Aztec connection stimulated the Mali Empire and they managed to increase their holdings in Africa, as well as seizing Jamaica in 1491. When Christopher Columbus was shipwrecked there in 1503 he was held as a 'guest' before being shipped back to the Empire and plumbed for all his knowledge of the north esp the Spanish. . Maghan Keita III would greatly expand Mali holdings in the New World and warned their Aztec allies about the Spanish.

However, despite Mali warnings the Spanish managed to make a toehold in Aztec lands. The Mali offered help which the Aztec accepted and the two fought together against the Spanish and native allies driving them off more than once. The Spanish would attack Mali holding on various islands, but weather and luck where with the Mali and the Spanish where defeated in 1517 and again in 1520. This would effect the Spanish crown in many ways.....

-------------------------

Dawn of the Sixth World in 2011
 
Top