Alternate History: Explain the historical event

Guthrum the Great's Great Matter

His army had conquered Mercia, now Guthrum had to decide if he should consolidate his gains or go South and continue to raid and conquer Wessex? Especially since half the army was going north with Halfdan. Alfred the Great was a canny leader and even the surprise attack his advisors where telling him might not finish him off.

Would it be the worst thing to dig in and wait for an opportunity- there was plenty of pleasures and taxes to be had in the lands he held now or attack and plunder now? The Shamans said the magic and fortunes where finally balanced.

A weighty choice indeed.

How JFK's Superhuman bodyguard saved the President!
 
How JFK's Superhuman bodyguard saved the President!
A subheading to a headline about the saving of President John F. Kennedy's life by the "superhuman" skills and reflexes of his bodyguard, Secret Service Agent Clint Hill. Hill spotted the would-be assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, and sprung into action to shield the president and usher the motorcade to safety. Hill was struck once in the right shoulder blade as Oswald fired wildly at the fleeing motorcade, but refused treatment until the President was safe. Hill would become a widely known figure for the sheer unlikely nature of him spotting Oswald and his level of toughness after getting shot, hence the "superhuman" adjective used in the headline.

The Great European Burning
 
The Great European Burning
Also known as the Great Fire of Europe, the Great European Burning was a series of major fires that took place in Europe's major cities during the years between 1475 and 1601. The first city to catch fire was Toledo in Spain in 1476, which began when an inn caught fire and quickly spread to consume the entire city, killing Isabella I and her husband Ferdinand and her daughter Infanta Isabella, which left Joanna la Beltraneja to ascend the Castilian throne as Joanna I. The next great fire to occur was the Great Fire of Vienna in 1489, which resulted in the death of Frederick III and his son Maximilian. As a result the Elector of Saxony became the Holy Roman Emperor. The next few fires weren't as significant as the others, the Great Fire of Paris occurred in 1516 and forever ruined the city, resulting in Orleans becoming the new capital of France. The Great Fires of London and Edinburg in 1520, resulted in massive damage to the capital's but it did not warrant the need to change them, unlike what had happened in France.

The Great Fire of Lisbon and Brussels, resulted in the death of King John III of Portugal and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in 1529. The Great Fire of Buda in 1531, resulted in the Ottomans being pushed out of Hungary, while the Great Fire of Copenhagen simply resulted in property damage and the fall of Danish Scania. The Great Fire of Stockholm meanwhile did little to nothing and only resulted in Sweden experiencing a brief Economic Decline. It was the Great Fire of Krakow in 1574, was the last of the Great Fires of the 1500s, to result in any political consequences. It saw the death of King Sigismund IV of Poland, the last male Jagellion. In 1587, a Great Fire erupted in Barcelona which killed the Aragonese King, Francis II. The Great Fire of Rome meanwhile, saw the Papacy briefly move shop to Ravenna, until Rome was repaired. However, the last three Great Fires resulted in great political upheavals.

The Great Fire of Orleans in 1600, killed King Francis III of France and his son Dauphin Charles, which resulted in the 73 year old Charles, Duc de Berri becoming King. The Second Great Fire of London in 1601 resulted in death of Queen Mary II of England and her two sons, Prince John and Prince Edward, while the Great Fire of Amsterdam ended the brief Dutch revolt. The period also saw the occurrence of a handful of minor fires in cities and towns, some of which caused a notable amount of damage. As a result of the Burning, Europe developed a professional fire brigade that dealt with the fires and began to build fire proof buildings.

The Angevin Revenge
 
The Angevin Revenge
John of England, who was known notoriously as a spiteful and petty king, displayed such qualities when he went on a two year long campaign to slander the wife of one of his servants when she rejected his advances, driving her to suicide. But this was only part of a long list of events where he favored revenge over peace, such as sending a group of beautiful ladies dressed as nuns to infiltrate the residence of Pope Innocent III and setting fire to it, and ensuring the Interdiction ended by torturing his successor into agreeing to his conditions, or disguising one of his bastard sons as one of Philip Augustus' sons so the boy would stab the king in the back while they embraced.

Juan el Loco
 
Juan El Loco, also known as John Brown, was an American revolutionary, preacher, and politician. While most famously known for his successful but brief revolt at Harper's Ferry, one that saw slavery be pushed southwards from Virginia and the Border States, his most impactful actions were actually in South and Central America. Travelling to the Spanish colony of Argentina in 1862, he declared his intention to assist the local independence movement and "...break the chains of the oppressed in the New World's other corners". He was given command of a small band of rebels, and united several rebel groups to begin the Argentinian War of Independence. He earned the title of "Juan El Loco" after the daring raid on Rosario in 1866, in which he personally stormed the Governor's Palace with naught but a revolver and a saber, seizing it after 47 minutes. The revolt relied heavily on his leadership and the support of Nova Lusitania, but was highly successful and saw the end of the Spanish occupation of the Cono Sur area. John Brown would later attempt to repeat this revolt in the Andes, but was beaten to it by another fellow North American revolutionary, Jefferson Davis.

He Who Shall Not Be Named
 
He Who Shall Not Be Named

Also known as Ungerbalatskat the First, due to dynastic rivalries his last name of Smithjones became a liability, so he used a symbol vaguely resembling a modern ukelele instead. His almost sixty-five reign of Poland-Russia-Lithuania is considered the high water mark of its government and the cause of such lasting friendship between all three countries to this day.

Last Man on Earth Two: Thriller
 
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Last Man on Earth Two: Thriller

The autobiography of early 1900's mental hospital patient HP Lovecraft. He claimed to possibly be the last man on earth and that everyone around him were really a fish people from the depths of the sea. Written in the hopes that someone out there had not been infected by 'filth from the depths' as he put it and that the information would benefit them. These claims were based on his supposed travels to the dreamlands and the courts of Azathoth and the revelations they supposedly provided.

The Medicine Road of Patrick Cleburne
 
Patrick E. Cleburne was born in Ovens, nears Queenstown, County of Cork on March 17th 1828. In 1847 after three years service in the British Army as a private, Cleburne left to study medicine in London. He was known for his warm bedside manner, but was outspoken on the need to deal with the Irish famine. Cleburne helped organise his fellow students to raise funds and food for Ireland, esp his home county. His ability to organise, motivate, and his valour in the face of those who argued against Relief became well known.

In 1848 he was walking down Moorgate late at night when a well dressed man came out of a house, the unknown man walked for a while before falling over. Cleburne applied his medical knowledge and dislodged a blockage in the man's windpipe. The man Cleburne saved was Lord Bingham, infamous landlord in Ireland. Bingham was willing to reward to Cleburne for his act, in answer Cleburne asked Bingham to help him ship relief to Ireland.

Bingham was at first aghast at the idea, but since it would not interfere with his tenant evictions, and indeed might play well in the press, he set up a charity organisation and encouraged his fellow aristocrats to pay into it for Irish Relief. Bingham had not counted on Cleburne through who used the money and press attention to turn the Irish Relief Organisation into a true force shipping medicine and food to Ireland- some of it Irish grown food brought right off the docks and shipped straight back to Ireland for distribution. Cleburne kept his organisation strictly non-political in all dealings and thus managed to step in circles that included an audience with Queen Victoria.

The Irish Relief Organisation did not disband when the famine 'ended' in 1850 instead it managed to keep working until 1857 distributing aid, helping orphans, and encouraging landlords and farmers not to be dependent on one crop. It is not known how many lives where saved by Cleburne's medicine road to Ireland, but it is believed his action reduced the effects of the famine and the numbers emigrating mostly in the south of Ireland. Queen Victoria knighted him in 1860 for his charity work.

Cleburne would start a Doctors practice in Dublin in 1858, and work for many years before becoming a travelling Doctor visiting remote farms in his later years, before being to persuaded to run as an MP in 1878. Cleburne would champion Irish Home Rule and was instrumental in persuading PM William Gladstone to open up the drafting of the Government of Ireland Bill which led to a balanced Bill than Gladstone had planned with Irish MP's retained at Westminster, an Assembly in Dublin, guaranteed rights of religion (including Jews by not saying otherwise), a Lord Lieutenant who would be responsible to the Assembly and Westminster and other such provisions. Cleburne helped whip up support for the Bill among wavering Liberals which allowed the passage of the Government of Ireland Bill by twenty votes in the House of Commons. With help from his friend Lord Bingham the Bill was pushed through the Lords by just three votes.

After the 1890 election Gladstone made Cleburne Chief Secretary for Ireland a position he served in for the next two Liberal governments before the 1901 election saw the Conservatives returned to government. Cleburne served in the same position in Oppoistion until 1910 when he was made Lord of Cork and retired to the House of Lords when he continued to press for more federalism in the British Empire, championing Dominion Status for Canada, South Africa, India, Egypt, Newfoundland, and development in Britain's African holdings - positions he was long associated with.

Lord Cork died in Queenstown in 1922. He was buried in his home town alongside his wife. A statue of him was erected in Cork a few years after his death, naming him as the architect of Irish Relief, and of Home Rule.


King Arthur's Son - the Tudor Dynasty under King Edmund III from 1546
 
King Arthur's Son - the Tudor Dynasty under King Edmund III from 1546
Edmund III was the son of Henry VIII and his sixth and final wife, Katherine Parr, who succeeded his half-brother Edward VI. However, he chose to style himself after his father's late brother, Arthur, and repudiated his father's memory as he was greatly influenced by his mother and half-sisters. He would spend his reign deliberately being the antithesis of Henry VIII, and thus built a reputation as a scholarly, monk-like king who shunned sports and never married or took lovers.

Juana's Freedom
 
Juana's Freedom
Juana's Freedom is a period of Mexican feminist revivalism, marked by an increase in analyses of the works of Juana Ines de la Cruz, the great 17th century Mexican philosopher. The period is usually noted from 1927-1944, partially coinciding with the Mexican Worker's Revolution, but ending before the end of the conflict. The movement would be influential on the policies of the Mexican Worker's Republic, with Mexican women being granted the full rights of male citizens by 1950.

Expansion of the Bavarian People's Republic
 
"Purchasing the whole block to expand the the extremely popular Bavarian People's Republic bar and restaurant was very unexpected, but the locals seem to like the place and it does bring employment to Pittsburgh. The Prince of Pennsylvania is said to be 'amused' with the name, though some have said it is is respectful to the Monarchy. Well to discuss this we have the Manager of the Bavarian People's Republic with me for comment. Mr. Clarkson, can you please...."


Discovery of the Ages, cold fusion in 1984 and how it changed the world.
 
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