Alternate Electoral Maps III

1996 Bob Dole very narrowly defeat 1976 Jimmy Carter (Electoral votes are determined by the year of the winning candidate). Dole winning the west coast is what brought this result.

1976 Gerald Ford wins against 1984 Walter Mondale in a close election. Ford's 4.5K vote win in Texas is what wins the election.

1992 George HW Bush rather easily beats 1976 Jimmy Carter.

1960 JFK puts up a valiant effort, but is easily beaten by 1956 Ike.

1968 Nixon breaking the solid south helps him beat 1936 FDR

And 1960 Nixon also notches a win against 1968 Humphrey
1984: On July 4, 1981, the 205th anniversary of the founding of the United States, the country was rocked over a day that would live in infamy and define the great struggle of the Brooke presidency. The Symbionese Liberation Army, a far-left domestic terrorist group founded in 1973 would set off a series of car bombs in Sacramento, California, leading to chaos and fear throughout the city. Hundreds of people died, including California governor Evelle J. Younger. A mourning nation was outraged and terrified of future bloodshed. Fortunately, President Edward Brooke was able to prove himself to the people that he was a strong leader for these dark times.

A harsh federal crackdown on leftist groups erupted in the aftermath of the Sacramento attacks, not unlike the battles fought against far-right groups in the aftermath of the 1962 Rockefeller assassination. Still, the leaders of the SLA remained elusive, evading federal capture by the newly formed Department of Homeland Security.

Another crisis of the 1980s would be the emergence of HIV/AIDS. A paranoid Brooke was concerned that gay rights groups would be inspired by the SLA to commit terrorist attacks of their own if the government appeared to be apathic towards the health of its queer citizens. Additionally, more and more data demonstrated that the disease was spreading rapidly, with some estimations that tens of millions would be infected by the end of the decade. While such approximations were gross exaggerations, the Brooke administration was scared straight into funding billions of dollars in education and research. These federal programs where credited with saving innumerable lives.

Despite a lack of progress with dealing with the SLA, Brooke nonetheless appeared very headstrong in his leadership. The 1984 Democratic primaries would see Colorado senator Gary Hart win the nomination. While Hart was only to the slight left of Brooke, Republican operatives caricatured him as a far-left radical, spreading horrible rumors that he was sympathetic to the SLA or even the organization’s leader itself. While most didn’t believe such outlandish claims, they did agree that Hart was “too soft” to be commander in chief at such a crucial time in history.

Edward Brooke (MA) / Bob Dole (KS): 371 ECV
Gary Hart (CO) / Nick Galifianakis (NC): 167 ECV


1988: In August 1985, the mastermind of the Sacramento attacks, Donald DeFreeze would be finally captured, more than four years after he became the most wanted man in the country. Eventually sentenced to life in prison, the public was relieved that the long manhunt was over.

After Gary Hart floundered, Democrats searched for the right candidate to go up against Vice President Bob Dole. Hart was mostly focused on negative campaigning which backfired against the popular Brooke. Instead, they wanted a positive messenger, they found it with Texas governor Mark White. White campaigned on a series of “Great Society” program that made Americans excited for the possibilities of tomorrow. These included a war on poverty, a great increase in funding of public schools and transportation, rural development, and the passage of consumer protection laws.

Helping White where allegations that the second lady, Elizabeth Dole, was involved in a financial scandal during her time as Secretary of Transportation. While this controversy never led to proof of wrongdoing, the presence of Mrs. Dole cast a large shadow over the Republicans that year, with many people convinced that the president and vice president had been involved in a cover up to protect Elizabeth. Such distrust aided White in securing the presidency.

Mark White (TX) / John Glenn (OH): 362 ECV
Bob Dole (KS) / Michael Rockefeller (NY): 176 ECV


1992: Mark White proved to be another heavy-hitter for a Democratic President, his federal programs and reforms to built his Great Society being the largest expansion of such liberal policies since the Wallace presidency. Despite the popularity of the president, White did receive a notable primary challenge from Florida senator Bob Graham, a move that proved quite pitiable and quixotic.

For the Grand Old Party, elder statesman Senator Charles Percy from Illinois won the nomination, a safe but somewhat uninspiring man for the hour. Compared to recent elections there was relatively little drama mudslinging, and dirty tricks, with the campaigns being very issues focused. Come January, White would be celebrating his second inauguration, the election won by a safe margin.

Mark White (TX) / John Glenn (OH): 324 ECV
Charles Percy (IL) / Ed Zschau (CA): 214 ECV


More to come!
1952 Ike wins fairly easily over 1972 George McGovern

In a tale of blowout losing candidates, 1952 Adlai Stevenson has a solid victory over 1964 Barry Goldwater even as Goldwater wins a lot of the South.


The next matchup would just be the 1940 election so we are going to skip over that to 1956 Adlai Stevenson's easy win over 1944 Thomas Dewey.

Tune in next time for 1944 FDR vs 1948 Thomas Dewey, 1948 Harry Truman v. 1928 Herbert Hoover, and 1932 FDR vs. 1936 Al Landon. And, what to do now that we hit our first third party candidate on the list of candidates receiving votes? Ross Perot v. George Wallace perhaps?
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Perhaps unsurprising given how 1944 went, but 1944 FDR easily defeats 1948 Dewey.


1948 Harry Truman defeats 1928 Herbert Hoover by an even wider margin than he did Thomas Dewey.


1932 FDR defeats 1936 Alf Landon flipping Connecticut relative to his IOTL performance which is interesting given that Alf got more votes than Hoover while FDR got 5 million fewer votes than he would in 1936.

Perhaps not surprising given that Ross Perot got twice as many votes as George Wallace, but it does go to show Wallace's strength in the South.


A not impossible alt-1920 where 1928 Al Smith gets a respectable loss against 1920 Warren Harding, at least by comparison to IOTL's 1920 and 1928.

Another not impossible alt-1920 where 1932 Herbert Hoover defeats 1920 James Cox.

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Perhaps not surprising given that Ross Perot got twice as many votes as George Wallace, but it does go to show Wallace's strength in the South.
Is it coincidental that Perot and Wallace were the next two lowest vote totals? Or were you just comparing the highest two third parties?
Is it coincidental that Perot and Wallace were the next two lowest vote totals? Or were you just comparing the highest two third parties?

The two highest vote getting third parties. Not sure what to do about Taft, Roosevelt, and Wilson circa 1912. I suppose I could have done FDR 1932 v 1992 Ross Perot and Alf Landon v Wallace but I thought the Perot v Wallace matchup was most interesting
The two highest vote getting third parties. Not sure what to do about Taft, Roosevelt, and Wilson circa 1912. I suppose I could have done FDR 1932 v 1992 Ross Perot and Alf Landon v Wallace but I thought the Perot v Wallace matchup was most interesting
Lafollette in 1924 should be interesting too. Maybe him vs TR 1912, or him vs Taft 1912.
Lafollette in 1924 should be interesting too. Maybe him vs TR 1912, or him vs Taft 1912.

interestingly the next third to third party matchup would be Perot v John Anderson, then it would be La Follette v Gary Johnson. 1912 Howard Taft got fewer votes than Grant did when he was re-elected in 1872. Which might be right around where I end the project because things get weird when you start getting to the Civil Weird and earlier.
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interestingly the next third to third party matchup would be Perot v John Anderson, then it would be La Follette v Ron Johnson. 1912 Howard Taft got fewer votes than Grant did when he was re-elected in 1872. Which might be right around where I end the project because things get weird when you start getting to the Civil Weird and earlier.
I think you mean Gary Johnson?
1924 Calvin Coolidge handily beats 1916 Woodrow Wilson.


Conversely, 1924 John Davis defeats 1916 Charles Hughes despite losing the popular vote by 200K votes. It's the 70K vote win in New York that wins him the election.


In the first of a reshuffle of the 1896-1908 period that's coming up, 1908 Taft defeats 1896 William J Bryan.


The next matchup will be 1904 Roosevelt v 1908 WJB, and then it would be the IOTL 1900 matchup so we'll skip to 1912 Wilson v 1896 McKinley, and then We'll do 1996 Ross Perot v 1980 John Anderson.

Looking ahead, I'm most personally curious about 1888 Ben Harrison v 1892 Grover Cleveland and then vice versa.
1996: Mark White left office with high approval ratings, but the issue heading into 1996 was the lack of an apparent heir after vice president John Glenn made it clear that he was not going to peruse the presidency. Eventually, the nomination was won by Bob Kerrey, who started the campaign cycle an obscure Nebraskan Senator and ended it as a household name. Nonetheless, the dark horse was up against a titan, and 1996 proved to be a true David vs. Goliath situation.

Michael Rockefeller was somewhat hesitant about becoming president, but after he was practically begged to by party operatives for weeks, the New York governor and son of President Nelson Rockefeller agreed to give it his hardest try. In a surprise move, he selected Wayne Allard, one of the most conservative men in congress as his running mate. It looked like the popular Rockefeller would be able to beat Kerrey by a fair amount. That was until the New York Times uncovered evidence of the governor paying off a mistress, resulting in Kerrey winning by the skin of his teeth.'

Bob Kerrey (NE) / Buddy Roemer (LA): 270 ECV
Michael Rockefeller (NY) / Wayne Allard (CO): 268 ECV


2000: Other than some landmark federal environmental legislation, little of note was accomplished by President Kerrey. The last time a party had the presidency for more than 12 years was the reign of the Republicans from 1897-1913, and despite the strengths and charisma of Kerrey, it appeared that he couldn't replicate such a feat.

The Republican primary was a bitter battle between Jim Edgar of Illinois and Judd Gregg of New Hampshire, with an eventually agreement arranged that Gregg would serve as running mate and get the full support of the party come 2004 or 2008. Edgar was a Republican very much in the style of Brooke. His most diehard supporters drew comparisons to Abe Lincoln, another Illinois Republican. While hyperbolic, such juxtapositions did highlight that he an energy and working-class charm to him that somebody like the boorish Bob Dole lacked.

Many Republicans joked that Kerrey had written his concession speech months in advance.

Jim Edgar (IL) / Judd Greg (NH): 406 ECV
Bob Kerrey (NE) / Buddy Roemer (LA): 132 ECV


2004: Buddy Roemer's time as vice president had been by all accounts most successful than his own boss's. Roemer first received national recognition when he survived a 1990 assassination attempt by Shelley Shannon, an anti-abortion terrorist who traveled all the way from Oregon to punish Roemer for his outspoken support for abortion in cases of rape and incest. When asked at the hospital the first thing he wanted to do when get out he replied, "Give that bitch a black eye!" a moment that made headlines and cemented the public's view of Roemer as a good-humored and colorful figure.

In 2004, Roemer ran for president with little opposition, speaking of reforming campaign finance and eliminating the national deficit. Inarguably the most economically conservative nominee for the Democrats in decades, Nancy Pelosi was selected as the first female on a major ticket in part to ease concerns that liberals had. Many people joked that Roemer and Edgar where the only two honest men in their positions in history, a reference to how the governorships of Louisiana and Illinois had infamous histories of corruption.

While Roemer's campaign rhetoric excited op-ed writers of the Wall Street Journal, for voters it was another matter. Some commented that it felt like there where two Republican tickets that year. While it was closer than some predicted, Edgar won easily.

Jim Edgar (IL) / Judd Greg (NH): 300 ECV
Buddy Roemer (LA) / Nancy Pelosi (CA): 238 ECV


More to come!
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In 2082, a consortium led by the United States, European Federation, and the Chinese State launched the first ever Interstellar Expedition. The International Star Ship Beacon, departed from orbit around the moon, beginning the long journey to colonize Alpha Centauri A, which was confirmed as habitable. Despite massive advances in propulsion technology, the trip would still take 150 years, requiring the construction of a Generation Ship. The Beacon was a truly massive ship, with six giant ring structures providing artificial gravity and well as massive engines. One ring was reserved for equipment to be used upon colonization. Another was for intensive hydroponic agriculture. The third was a “recreation zone” for colonists. The remaining 3 rings served has Habitation Units. Initially the Beacon bore 25,000 Passengers and Crew, with careful plans to expand the population over time to reach 100,000 by the time the ship reached its destination.

The Beacon was under the Command of Captain Benedict Tuttle, at the head of a large Crew in charge of keeping the ship running. The majority of the contingent however, were not specialists instead working unskilled positions or not at all. Rations were doled out, along with time recreation and other perks. The Voyage started with high spirits.

But 30 years in, tensions have built. A new generation of those born aboard the Beacon, "shippies" have entered the ship's popularion, and chafe against their elders. The population has been rising, as according to plan, but many still find the ship overly cramped. Said population control was also controversial. Most acknowledged that some measures to avoid inbreeding and overpopulation, but the process to have children, or even relations, was unbearably cumbersome for most. Many feel stifled by the strict regimen of ship life. Strict control over rations was a topic of resentment. A divide had also emerged between "Crew" and "Colonists." Crew members were nominally to be selected based on merit, but were seen as getting unfair perks. In addition it was noted that children of Crew members were seen as more likely to be selected as Crew, undermining faith in the system. Concerns were also guven about Crew Security's contact. The Black Market was a thriving part of Beacon life, but toleration was uneven with those close to Crew members often getting let off, while less well connected figures faced crackdowns. Captain Tuttle had long consulted Colonists informally, but this was becoming insufficient.

Protests soon emerged. Prominent Passengers formed the Citzen's Association, organizing campaigns in support of holding an election for a representative body to represent the full population. The CA found the most support among those who felt the need for reform was present, but still felt the crew earned respect. The CA also enjoyed ties with many of the more respectable black market activities, like recreation voucher swaps and recycled tailoring. Other black market types drifted towards the CA as well, although leadership kept them at arm's length as well.

In early 2111 Tuttle retired and the Colony Council, a group of crew that selected its own membership, selected Heinrich Becker, a German National who had been 25 when the ship launched as the new Captain. Hopes were high that this would bring change. And it would, but not before more incidents occurred. Later that year inhabitant of Hab Ring 2, Gus Hall, hung a banner reading "LET US VOTE HEINIE" outside his living quarters. Security officers, acting on their own volition, beat and arrested Hall. This sparked major protests, including a 3 day sit-in at the Recreation Ring. Becker conceded the point and created a Shipwide Council. Each Hab Ring would elect 10 representatives, along pre-existing section lines. The Council was strictly advisory, but it was a start.

Initially there was hope that the election would be strictly non-partisan, but those hopes were soon dashed when a split emerged in the CA. Ironically this was because leadership in the Alliance was in favor of not endorsing candidates to keep the election non-partisan. However a vocal minority, led by Lu de Groot, one of the organizers of the sit-in wished the CA to take a more active role. When this did not occur, de Groot and their followers left the Citzen's Association.

de Groot, a street sweeper who had been a child when the ship launched, formed the Movement for Opportunity, Rights, and Equality, or MORE. They pushed for a very forthright platform. Citizen oversight of Crew conduct. Juries for accused crimes. The right of citizens to pursue their own choice of work and partners. Ultimate authority over ship operations as well. MORE was not so radical as to think they could just take over the ship from those trained to operate it, but they did think that the priorities of ship life should be set by the people.

This breakaway forced the Citizen's Alliance to move towards an organized stand. Having shed its most radical members, the CA took a moderate tack. Representation and oversight for the population, although no demands for power emerged. The CA's signature platform plank soon became allowing the transfer and storage of ration vouchers, both for food and recreation, which would kickstart a non-black market economy. The Alliance selected Edward Hutchinson, a popular fitness instructor in the Rec Ring, as the face of their campaign.

Faced with two challengers, the Crew and their allies scrambled to create an organization to push their viewpoint. The haste with which the Beacon Residents Association was formed perhaps explained it's English language acronym. The Association was very much the party of "keep on keeping on." Crack down on the black market, keep power with the professionals. To this end they nominated a Crew member as leader, Deputy Chief Engineer Dai Xiang.

The Beacon had largely been funded and built by European, American, and Chinese sources, and all of these groups were well represented in the crew and all three parties. The largest other groups was South Asians, Indians were the largest group, but Sri Lanka and Bangladesh were also represented. Without a presence in the crew the groups often felt isolated and gained a reputation for insularity among some, congregating in two specific sectors in Hab Ring 2. Feeling left out by the 3 main parties, Chandar Joshi, who operated a technically illegal but still wildly popular restaurant, organized the South Asian Congress, to stand up for the Community's interest.

Amanda Palmer had been the first child born after the ship had departed, turning her into a minor celebrity, and a community leader among shippies. However starting in her late teens, Palmer began to attract controversy. Palmer began preaching that those aboard the Beacon were the "chosen" destined to "begin the next stage of human evolution." She declared that they were leaving the "false light" of Earth's sun in favor of the "true light" of Alpha Centauri. "True Light," became the name of her movement, and in 2110 she changed her name to Vox Centauri. Although derided as a cult by many and facing security crackdowns, True Light would enter candidates in the race. The actual platform was vague, mostly dealing with cutting ties to the decadence of Earth and embracing a new vision of the future.

In the beginning the Citizen’s Alliance was widely expected to coast to victory, with the Beacon Residents Association as the only other major player. However MORE, and in particular Lu de Groot proved formidable campaigners. de Groot drew large clouds wherever they spoke, and imbued a passion that was lacking in the other candidates. MORE also positioned itself as the only group willing to support the back rings, where those most disaffected had wound up congregating. de Groot also hit upon the winning slogan of “for the future” saying that Shipwide democracy was the only way to ensure that the eventual Alpha Centauri colony did not wind up an autocracy ruled by the descendants of the Crew.

Hutchinson and the Citizen’s Alliance pushed back with claims that MORE were radicals who would be unable to engage with the Crew and produce meaningful results. Hutchinson, while lacking de Groot’s raw charisma, proved capable enough. A strong, slick, ad campaign targeted different voters well, and the Alliance would be the only party to pick up seats from every Hab Ring.

In contrast, Dai’s campaign floundered from the outset. The Association was mostly made up of crew members, their families, and allies who made up a decent chunk of the ship’s population. However Dai failed to expand past this base, coming across as aloof an out of touch, his engineering duties often removing him from the trail. He also made several comments about de Groot’s plans leading the ship to destruction that came across as threats by the Crew at sabotage, a fact not helped by the Association’s official logo looking very much like a bullseye.

Despite pleas from the Dai campaign, Captain Becker, who was still personally popular, refused to make endorsements. While the Crew were well known to be Dai men, and often leaned on their prestige to support it, no official backing would come.

Outside of de Groot themselves, Vox Centauri was the most passionate campaigner, speaking across the ship about a need for a new type of thinking. She criticized the major parties for falling into the old traps of “left right and center” rather than thinking “upwards towards the light.” Centauri could count on the lockstep support of her cult/religious followers, which grew thanks to increased publicity from the campaign.

Joshi did not leave Hab Ring 2 for the duration of the campaign, focusing on local connections.

The results were considered surprising. As expected the large, well known and well established Citizen’s Alliance polled both atop the popular votes, and gained the most Council seats. However they failed to secure a majority in either, which was very much a disappointment considering early expectations. MORE achieving a close second was even more stunning, most having suspected a distant third. In their election night speech de Groot declared a “new era.” The Residents Association’s failure was felt hard among the Crew, leaving Captain Becker with much less leverage than expected. Dai would resign as the party’s council leader shortly thereafter. Despite not even getting 3% of the vote overall, the South Asian Congress was, thanks to First Past the Post, able to secure two seats on the council. In contrast the electoral system hurt True Light significantly. Despite securing over 10% of the vote, the movement/party would only manage one seat. Centauri herself would be defeated, but her acolyte Nick Hu would snag a seat. True Light’s strong performance was seen as concerning by many, especially since it had polled best among young voters.

Many observers expected Hutchinson to either use the still ill defined system to assume a leadership role without a majority, or pursue a “coalition of change” with de Groot and MORE. However, after discussions with Becker, and mindful of the fact that radicals like de Groot and Centauri had unexpected popularity, the Citizen’s Alliance instead entered into an agreement with the Residents Association. Many cried betrayal, but Hutchinson was thus duly elected Speaker of the Shipwide Council by a 20-9-1 margin, with the South Asian Congress joining the majority.

Hutchinson’s first task would be defining the role he and the council occupied, as well as building a working relationship with Captain Becker. Time would tell if democracy would become a truth aboard the Beacon…
1908 William Jennings Bryan puts up a respectable fight against 1904 Teddy Roosevelt, but it's just not enough.


The 1912 Wilson v. 1896 McKinley election is rather interesting IMO. A few smaller states like Oregon, Rhode Island and midsized Kansas, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee were very close. If Wilson swept those or won one and another 150K in New York he would have won.

1996 Ross Perot v 1980 John Anderson is handily won by Perot with Anderson winning verily narrowly in a few states not that it did him much good. The 246 vote win in Illinois was the most notable to me.


The Cleveland v. Harrison switchem up is coming up next, followed up by Alton Parker v. James Blaine. Then it's into what I'm marking as the final stretch as we get to the other post Civil War contests mixed and matched.
1892 Grover Cleveland defeats 1888 Benjamin Harrison with a number of narrow wins in pivotal states and a 4.5K vote margin in New York.


Conversely, 1892 Benjamin Harrison defeats 1888 Grover Cleveland despite losing New York. Harrison wins several states by a narrow margin, with California by ~300, Connecticut by ~2K, West Virginia 1.5K, and Ohio by ~9K. It's the 50K vote margin in Illinois that seals the deal compared to the last matchup.

1904 Alton Parker v 1884 James Blaine is very interesting to me. The South is actually quite competitive, which just goes to show the stamping down of democratic expression post Civil War. Blaine lost Louisiana by 1K votes. Rhode Island by 5K. Connecticut and Delaware by ~7K each. Mississippi by 10K.

1884 Grover Cleveland rather soundly beats 1880 James Garfield

2016 Gary Johnson loses the popular vote to 1924 Robert La Follette but really benefits off of wins in states that had huge population growth over the previous century. Not to mention that La Follette was scraping the bottom of the barrel in the South back in those pre Voting Rights Act days.

1880 Winfield Scott defeats 1912 Teddy Roosevelt largely due to insurmountable losses in states like New York.

2008: In 2005, the United States invaded Algeria, supporting antigovernmental forces. While Edgar promised that it would be a short, peacekeeping affair, in actuality the Algerian War would last until 2014, making it one of the longest conflicts in American history, with many accusing the United States of being solely interested in its oil production.

By 2008, the failures in Algeria had made the Republicans very unpopular. Jim Webb, a senator from Virginia and former Secretary of the Navy, ran on a campaign of cleaning up Edgar’s messes both overseas and at home. It was a winning formula.

Jim Webb (VA) / Rick Perry (TX): 316 ECV
Judd Gregg (NH) / Shelly Moore Capito (WV): 222 ECV


2012: Republicans once more looked to New England for their "next champion", settling on Mitt Romney of Massachusetts.

The big controversy of 2012 was Webb being exposed as the anonymous author of a war novel published decades ago in his youth. Republicans attacked its contents, which featured explicit passages, one of them involving homosexual incest. While television comedians used it as fodder for jokes, Republicans called Webb a "pornographer" and "creep". Yet the president stood successful, asking voters to judge him based on his policies and not "ink on a page". It was risky, but it worked.

Jim Webb (VA) / Rick Perry (TX): 296 ECV
Mitt Romney (MA) / Robert P. Young, Jr. (MI): 242 ECV


2016: This year saw two... unique candidates. Vice President Rick Perry wasn't strongly liked by the general population, in fact, he was mostly seen as a dolt. But the party activists pushed for him despite poll after poll implying his weaknesses. Gary Johnson of New Mexico was a libertarian Republican who ran on an unusual platform that endorsed non-interventionism, laisse-faire capitalism, and personal freedoms on issues like abortion, guns, homosexuality, the death penalty, and drug usage. Young independently-minded people where attracted to his campaign like bees to flowers, many people voted for the first time in their lives because of him and their hatred of Perry. People said that Perry was a "Bible-freak" who cared more about banning harmless things like euthanasia, stem cell research, violent video games, and the teaching of evolution in schools rather than trying to improve peoples lives.

Gary Johnson was elected president, with Susan Collins serving as the first female vice-president. Together they had an alternative agenda to push, many seeing the libertarian bend of the ticket as proof that 2016 will be a "redefining election" in history.

This was also the final federal election to use the electoral college system.

Gary Johnson (NM) / Susan Collins (ME): 386 ECV
Rick Perry (TX) / Steve Bullock (MT): 152 ECV


That's a wrap, folks!


32. Franklin Roosevelt (D-NY) (1933)
33. John Nance Garner (D-TX) (1933-1941)
34. Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (R-NY) (1941-1953)
35. Adlai Stevenson II (D-IL) (1953-1961)
36. Nelson Rockefeller (R-NY) (1961-1962)
37. Thruston Morton (R-KY) (1962-1969)
38. William Scranton (R-PA) (1969-1973)
39. George Wallace (D-AL) (1973-1979)
40. Adlai Stevenson III (D-IL) (1979-1981)
41. Edward Brooke (R-MA) (1981-1989)
42. Mark White (D-TX) (1989-1997)
43. Bob Kerrey (D-NE) (1997-2001)
44. Jim Edgar (R-IL) (2001-2009)
45. Jim Webb (D-VA) (2009-2017)
46. Gary Johnson (R-NM) (2017-20XX)

Credit again to @CanadianTory for the list.
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