The problem isn't that Subsaharan empires can't be developed, it's that the Sahara Desert separates it from North Africa, which is further sperated by a sea.This question seems to imagine subsaharan africa was an empty place with primitive peoples . It wasn't, parts were teeming with peoples and civilisations. Empires, rose, declined and were replaced.
As with most civilisations in Asia there was warfare, science and medicine.
There are a range of reasons why pre colonial civilisations didn't build large navies for example.
This explains more about it:
Given how Europe was the only country to develop overseas empires outside of the euroasian continent, this question could equally be asked of asian empires, south american and north american empires, it isn't ASB to imagine it.
One possible option might be that during the mali or songhai empires, the knowledge developed in timbuktu stimulates industrial development
Days like these i wish there was a dislike button...That's why we are in a forum called "alternate history"
Well the Eastern Roman Empire would still be around, likely recovering earlier with there being no caliphate to threaten it. So even if they somehow conquer both Nubia and Egypt they’d have to content with a the Eastern Empire for even just a few islands.If the arabs never reunited after ummayad decline this would be easier
Well you do need to overcome the reasons why it didnt happen IRL. This isnt as simple as X ruler dies, Y becomes King.Cool, but an African state with territory in Europe is far from ASB.
Anyways. Here's a stab at the suggestion. Might be triggery to some, sorry.
Genghis Khan isn't born. Lots and lots of butterflies. Europe is nowhere near as dominant as OTL, with a less devastated Asia without the Mongol conquests. The Songhai eventually rise to be a major naval trans-Atlantic player- not in a day, mind you, but over several centuries- with major settler colonies in what is OTL Brazil and Argentina.
Centuries later, Europe is to put it simply, a graveyard. Having never effectively entered a EU-type economic trade and peace confederation, the continent remained even more a place of simmering nationalism and chauvinism than OTL before the assassination of the French heir to the throne by suspected Commonwealth terrorists happened in 1978, and with most major European nations stocked up on nuclear, biological and chemical weapons...
In a world without the shock of both World Wars, as well as a world with a radically different Enlightenment, bellicose nationalism and expansionism is more common and the acquisition of land in their 20th-century equivalent is rather more accepted than in ours.
During a period lasting several months from late 1979 to early 1980 the major players of the world, mostly Hyperborean and a couple African and Asian, convened in Delhi to approportion the irradiated and devastated lands of the former European continent equally and fairly to the said powers. The Songhai gain an area stretching from northern Iberia to Aquitaine.
There you go - and the land will even become a settler colony!
But it is incredibly improbable seeing as how geography and logistics are not on their side.Cool, but an African state with territory in Europe is far from ASB.